North Korea's nuclear ambitions

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					North Korea’s nuclear ambitions

Satellite image of launch site                                                   Range of North Korea’s missiles                                                 Nuclear stockpiles

                                                           Quarter mile
                                                                                                                                                                 14,000 80
                                                                                                                                                                 RUSSIA*                                     ISRAEL*

                                                    Launch pad                                                Scud
                                                                                                              Range: 211 miles                                   10,000 60
                                                                                                                                                                 US*                                         PAKISTAN*
               Rocket
                                                                                                                                        Rodong


                                                                                                                                                                 300    50
               assembly                                                                                                                 Range: 808 miles
               building


                                                                                                                                                                 FRANCE*                                     INDIA*
                                                                                                                                 Taepodong-2


                                                                                                                                                                 160     10
                                                                                                                                 Range: 4,100 miles

                                                                                                                                                                                                             up to
                                                                                                                                                                 UK*                                         NORTH KOREA*



                                                                                             Taepodong-2
                                                                                                                                                                 125+
                                                                                                                                                                 CHINA
                                                                                              Length: 32m
                                                                                              Weight: 80 tonnes                                                  *estimate
                                                                                                                                                                 Sources: Carnegie Endowment, Federation of American Scientists,
                                                                                              Warhead or satellite launch                                        International Institute for Strategic Studies, Stockholm International
                                                                                              vehicle                                                            Peace Research Institute


                                                                                                                                                                 Unknown nuclear entities
                                                           1,304 miles east of                                                                                   Israel                                  enough enriched
                                                           Tokyo: Japanese                                   North Korea declares that the launch                                                        uranium to produce
                                                           lose surveillance                                                                                     Neither declared nor
                                                                                                             has been successful and the satellite               denied its nuclear
                                                                                                                                                                                                         one bomb within two
  RUSSIA                                                                                                     would orbit between 304 and 886                     stockpile, which is
                                                                                                                                                                                                         to three months
                                                                                                             miles from the Earth, circling once                 estimated at around                      North Korea
                                                                                                             every 104 minutes while transmitting                80 nuclear warheads
                                                                                                                                                                                                         The latest six-party
                                                                                                             the Song of General Kim Il Sung and                 Iran                                    talks to halt a nuclear
           Musudan-ri launch site                                                                            Song of General Kim Jong Il                                                                 weapons development
                                                                                                                                                                 Has large stocks of
           Rocket launched at                                                                                                                                                                            programme failed in
                                                                                                                                                                 non-weapons-grade
           11.30am (2.30am GMT)                                                                                                                                                                          December. The CIA
                                                                                                                                                                 uranium. However,
                                                           789 miles east of
                                                                                                             US and South Korea claim                            some estimates
                                                                                                                                                                                                         estimates that North
                                                                                                             the rocket failed and landed in                                                             Korea could be making
               NORTH                                       Japanese coast:                                                                                       suggest that by last
                                                                                                             the Pacific Ocean                                                                           two or more bombs
               KOREA                                       2nd stage drops                                                                                       December Iran had
                                                                                                                                                                                                         a year
                                                                                                                                                                 Sources: Wisconsin Project on Nuclear Arms Control, Stockholm
                                    Sea of Japan     JAPAN                                                                                                       International Peace Institute, Times Archive

     Beijing
                          Seoul
                                  SOUTH            174 miles west of                                                                                             How the US monitors satellites
                                  KOREA            Japanese coast:                Timeline: North Korea and nuclear weapons
                                                   1st stage drops                                                                                                              The United States Space
        CHINA                                                                     1986: North Korea starts operation      to disable all nuclear facilities as
                                                                                  of its first nuclear reactor            discussed in six-nations talks                        Surveillance Network monitors the
                                                                       Pacific    1998: test-fires a Taepodong-1          2008: in April the US accuses North                   globe from nine field stations in
                                                                       Ocean      missile over northern Japan             Korea of assisting Syria's secret                     the Southern US. They produce a
                                                                                  2003: the country withdraws from        nuclear programme. UN nuclear                         “fence” of electromagnetic energy
                                                                                  the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty    inspectors are expelled from the       with a range of 15,000 nautical miles. One million
                                                                                  2005: in February, North Korea
                                                                                                                          country in September                   satellite detections are recorded each month.
                                                                                  announces it has nuclear weapons        2009: in March, the US and Japan          Last month, the US announced it would
                                                                                                                          deploy anti-missile weapons. On              expand to track all 800 manoeuvrable
                                                                                  2006: test-fires seven missiles,
                                                                                                                          April 4, Pyongyang launches                     spacecraft currently operating
                                                                                  including the Taepodong-2
                                                                                                                          three-part rocket over Japan
                                                                                  2007: North Korea misses deadline