I Don't Like Your Attitude by PrivateLabelArticles

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									               I don’t like your attitude
People always fluctuate in their behavior from day to day and we all have had our times
in which we acted rude to people, and had the pleasure of having the reverse happen as
well. Kay Redfield Jamison an international guru of about mood disorders has had her
share of mood swings during her times. For years she kept this extreme psychological
disorder a secret in which she had moods that switched from being super excited known
as mania, to times that she was lethargic and depressed. She actually wrote a book about
these events and tells about it in more detail. By the way, the disorder was known as
bipolar disorder and effects many people around the world. With determination, a strong
will, and support from her family and friends she overcame her struggles and continue to
teach about psychological disorders to this day. I know that you’re probably wondering
what are the types of characteristics of deviant or abnormal behavior? Well, one way
abnormal behavior can be diagnosed is with some common symptoms. It may surprise
you that there are about 40 million Americans that are affected by some type of
psychological disorder. You may think of a psychological disorder as what the main
character had in the movie “A beautiful Mind.” In essence you are right but there are a lot
more other characteristics involved and a psychological disorder can also be defined by
having an addiction to a substance like alcohol or drugs. To fully understand
psychological disorders an individual must analyze abnormal behavior. Let’s take a look
at three different case studies.

      A twenty six year old woman named Helena has a need to walk in a specific way.
       When she is walking on the street in the public she believes that if she steps on
       certain cracks she will have bad luck, but in order to reverse that bad luck she has
       to turn around and walk back a block. She doesn’t like to do this much so she
       often stay home and pay people to go and pick up her groceries and other needed
       items.
       A thirty five year old woman has recently got a divorce from her husband who
       she has been previously married to for eleven years and has two children with.
       Her husband have left her for her best friend and she is going back to college to
       continue her education so she can earn some more money to better support her
       children. She has a hard time struggling with school work and has grown separate
       from her friends and colleagues. A lot of the time she doesn’t feel like doing
       much and tends to cry a lot at nigh time. She also has a more pessimistic view in
       life and doesn’t believe in true love anymore.
      A thirty year old man named Don has to have things arrange in his house a certain
       way. Even though he is wealthy enough to afford a maid he constantly has to
       rearrange things in his house after she leaves. He sweeps the floor and wipes off
       tables even though she has done that before.

   Most people would say that the behavior of all of these individuals are abnormal, but
   are all of them bizarre? That’s a common myth about behavior, because people will
   automatically assume that abnormal behavior is bizarre and it’s not necessary true.
   Take the women in the second case study described even though her behavior is
   abnormal it is not necessary bizarre. A lot of times people with abnormal behavior
cannot easily be distinguished from people with normal behavior. Also, just because
a person currently has a mental disorder doesn’t mean that they will always have it.
The term abnormal behavior varies from different academic mediums. However, the
federal courts define insanity which is more of a legal term rather than a
psychological on as the inability to differentiae right from wrong. This is a very
common term that comes up in terms. One infamous example is in 1996 when
multimillionaire John Dupont shot and killed Olympic Gold medalist wrestler David
Schultz. He also has been charged with a couple of assaults earlier. Dupont lawyers
used the “insanity” definition as a lame excuse to get him off the hook and it worked
because in the end because the jury declared that he had a psychological disorder and
he was found guilty of third degree murder. There are three criteria’s for crossing the
line between abnormal behavior and normal behavior. Abnormal behavior is usually
deviant which means it abstracts from the norms of society. However, remarkable
people like Martin Luther King and Bill Gates are not the average person but they are
far from being abnormal. When a behavior deviate from what is expected by society
than it could be called abnormal. The second criteria are that it is usually maladaptive
which means that it interferes with a person’s ability to function properly in the real
world. Last, abnormal behavior includes personal distress. This means that the
person is deeply bothered by this and it causes them unnecessary pain and suffering.
The causes for abnormal behavior can vary tremendously. We can look at several
factors such as biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors to help determine
this. Psychologists who favor the biological approach tend to emphasize the brain
and genetic traits as the primarily cause of abnormal behavior. When using this
approach the primarily form of treatment is drugs or drug therapy. The biological
approach is used often in the medical model, which describes psychological disorders
as diseases related to biological origins. From the medical view abnormalities are
seen a mental illness. The people that are infected with the mental illness are known
as patients and they have to be treated by doctors. The biological view can also be
broken done into three more categories. These are known as structural views,
biochemical views and genetic views. The structural view thinks that abnormalities in
the brain structure are the main lead to mental disorders. The biochemical view looks
at the imbalances in the brain’s chemical structure such as neurotransmitters and
hormones as the cause to mental disorders. In the genetic view they look at distorted
genes as the main contributor to mental disorders. While the biological approach
focuses on inherited traits to be the main contributor to mental disorders, the
psychological approach looks at the environment and the unconscious mind as the
main contributor to abnormalities. This has three parts to it which includes the
psychodynamic perspective, behavioral and social cognitive prospective, and the
humanistic perspective. The psychodynamic perspective thinks that psychological
disorders come from unconscious conflicts that can cause anxiety and a maladaptive
behavior. The main contributor to deviant behavior in this approach is from early bad
relationships. If an individual develops bad relationships with either offspring early
on in their life than the individual will develop abnormalities. Sigmund Freud was the
developer of the psychoanalytic approach in which it places more emphasis on what
you can’t physically see. In the behavioral and social cognitive prospective they
place an emphasis on the environment in shaping abnormal behavior. They believe
that people learn behavior by observing those around them, through self control,
through their beliefs in themselves, and through a variety of other cognitive factors
which are the key to psychological disorders in this approach. In the humanistic
perspective they place an emphasis on an individual’s freedom to do what they want
and chose their own destiny and personal characteristics. They believe that
psychological disorders come up when an individual fails to meet their own potential.
All of the psychological perspective focuses on the individual. The next approach is
the sociocultural approach. This concept places a larger emphasis on the area in
which an individual lives such as their family, neighborhood, economic status, and
culture. For one example, they believe that a conflict between one’s cultures will be a
contributor to a mental disorder in an individual. It’s not necessary the individual that
has a mental disorder but rather to an unbalanced social life. There are also some
gender effects in determining mental disorders. Women are more likely to have
internal mental disorders, which are disorders that affect them inside. They are more
likely to be effected with anxiety attacks, and moods of depression. On the other
hand, men are more likely to be effected with external disorders or disorders that are
seen outward. Some examples of these disorders are substance abuse and moods of
aggression. Many psychologists now believe that psychological disorders are
universal which means that they are the same for people everywhere around the world
regardless of geographic location or their social status. However, depending on the
factors I just mentioned they do vary. There are also some disorders that strictly
effect people of one culture, and here are three big ones that I’m currently aware of:
Amok, Windigo, and Anorexia Nervosa. The Amok effect people of Malaysia and the
Philippines and in this disorder and individual suddenly has a fierce burst of rage and
anger and kill and injure as many people as possible before they are killed. This
disorder is commonly found in males and the cause of this can be numerous of factors
such as jealously, or losing a lot of money through gambling. Windigo is a disorder
commonly found in Algonquin Indian hunters and is very similar to a horror story in
which an individual is hunted and chased by a fictionist character and become
bewitched such as by a bit of a vampire or werewolf. The hunter becomes worried
that they will turn into a flesh eating cannibal and harm other around them. The last
disorder, I think that many Americans is aware of the last disorder and that is called
anorexia nervosa and effects people of mainly Western cultures with a special
emphasis on the people in the United States. This is an eating disorder in which an
individual tries to maintain an unhealthy low weight through starvation which can
ultimately lead to death.

								
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