TRAFFIC CONGESTION - PowerPoint

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					   TRAFFIC CONGESTION

Michelle O’Neill   Carrie Green
Carla McClintock   Emma Courtney
Aideen Parsons     Jane Crawford
Traffic Congestion
This is the build up of traffic preventing
 efficient movement. It is one of the most
 significant problems faced in modern
 cities today.
Reasons for Traffic Congestion

• Increase in car ownership
• Increased commuting

• Car ownership since 1920
YEAR       NO. OF CARS (MILLIONS)
1920                 O.5
1940                 2.5
1960                 11
1980                 19
1990                 21
Problems caused by Commuting
•   Traffic Congestion
•   Air pollution
•   Noise pollution
•   Visual pollution
•   Parking problems
•   Destruction of houses
•   Increased risk of accidents
Solutions to Traffic problems
• Widening roads           • “Park and Ride”
• Bypasses                   system
      - inner ring roads   • Increased cost of car
      - outer ring roads     parking
• Urban Motorways          • Banning cars from the
                             CBD
• Bus lanes
• Improving public
  transport
• one way streets
    CASESTUDY - M3



TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT SCHEME: Cross
Harbour Road Link in Belfast.
M3 - Road Link
• Cost - £89 million
• Opened 22 January 1995
• One of the most sophisticated road bridges
  in UK
• It joins M1 and Westlink with M2 and
  Sydenham bypass to the east of city
How effective is the link?
• Carries 4000 vehicles in each direction every
  hour
• During peak time, vehicle volume can increase to
  6000 per hour
• Eventually handles up to 90,000 vehicles per day
• Alters flow of traffic in city centre - motorists may
  avoid narrow streets
• A fast, direct road with access from one part of the
  city to another
CONCLUSION
• Traffic Congestion is a major
  concern in modern society
• The environment is affected by
  emissions fumes
• People are also put at risk from
  the danger of excess vehicles
• Reasons for congestion
  include increases car
  ownership and commuting
• Solutions include widening
  roads, banning cars from CBD
  and so forth
BIBLIOGRAPHY
• Dupree, H. (1987). Urban Transportation: New Town
  Solution. Gower Publishing Company Ltd ., Wiltshire.

• Organisation for economic co- operation and
  development (1973). Effects of Traffic and Roads on the
  Environment in Urban Areas. Paris

• Report of Steering Group (1963). Traffic in Towns. Her
  Majesty’s Stationary office, London.

				
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