TRAFFIC CONGESTION Michelle O’Neill Carrie Green Carla McClintock Emma Courtney Aideen Parsons Jane Crawford Traffic Congestion This is the build up of traffic preventing efficient movement. It is one of the most significant problems faced in modern cities today. Reasons for Traffic Congestion • Increase in car ownership • Increased commuting • Car ownership since 1920 YEAR NO. OF CARS (MILLIONS) 1920 O.5 1940 2.5 1960 11 1980 19 1990 21 Problems caused by Commuting • Traffic Congestion • Air pollution • Noise pollution • Visual pollution • Parking problems • Destruction of houses • Increased risk of accidents Solutions to Traffic problems • Widening roads • “Park and Ride” • Bypasses system - inner ring roads • Increased cost of car - outer ring roads parking • Urban Motorways • Banning cars from the CBD • Bus lanes • Improving public transport • one way streets CASESTUDY - M3 TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT SCHEME: Cross Harbour Road Link in Belfast. M3 - Road Link • Cost - £89 million • Opened 22 January 1995 • One of the most sophisticated road bridges in UK • It joins M1 and Westlink with M2 and Sydenham bypass to the east of city How effective is the link? • Carries 4000 vehicles in each direction every hour • During peak time, vehicle volume can increase to 6000 per hour • Eventually handles up to 90,000 vehicles per day • Alters flow of traffic in city centre - motorists may avoid narrow streets • A fast, direct road with access from one part of the city to another CONCLUSION • Traffic Congestion is a major concern in modern society • The environment is affected by emissions fumes • People are also put at risk from the danger of excess vehicles • Reasons for congestion include increases car ownership and commuting • Solutions include widening roads, banning cars from CBD and so forth BIBLIOGRAPHY • Dupree, H. (1987). Urban Transportation: New Town Solution. Gower Publishing Company Ltd ., Wiltshire. • Organisation for economic co- operation and development (1973). Effects of Traffic and Roads on the Environment in Urban Areas. Paris • Report of Steering Group (1963). Traffic in Towns. Her Majesty’s Stationary office, London.