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Adjectives

Grade Seven
        What are Adjectives?
• Adjectives are modifiers. They modify nouns or
  pronouns. This means they change the image
  of a noun or pronoun.

• Adjectives can be located by asking the
  questions:
                     What kind?
                    Which one?
                    How many?
                    How much?
What are Adjectives?
 Picture a car in your mind.
      Do you have an
    image in your head?
      Now make it red.
What is an Adjective?
    Now make it fast.
What is an Adjective?
Now make it old-fashioned.
What is an Adjective?
   Now make it broken.
What is an Adjective?
   Now make it green.
        What is an Adjective?
Adjectives change the meaning of a noun
by somehow changing the image of it.

That’s why they are called modifiers.

        There are two kinds of adjectives:
                   descriptive
                       and
                    limiting.
           Descriptive Adjectives
• Descriptive adjectives
  DESCRIBE!

• The add some sensory image to your sentence which allows the
  reader to see, smell, hear, touch, or taste something in the
  sentence.
• All of the modifiers in the earlier section of the slide show concerning
  the car were descriptive adjectives. They made the car red, fast,
  old-fashioned, broken, and green. Those words are all adjectives!

• Descriptive adjectives make writing much better!
          Proper Adjectives
• One type of descriptive adjective is called
  the proper adjective.
• Proper adjectives are derived from, or
  come from, proper nouns. This means
  that they must always be capitalized.
• Proper adjectives sometimes are formed
  by adding a suffix to the proper noun.
         Proper Adjectives
      Examples of Proper Adjectives

Proper Noun            Proper Adjective
America                American
France                 French
China                  Chinese
Pennsylvania           Pennsylvanian
               Proper Adjectives
Sometime proper nouns don’t change in form at all when they become
  proper adjectives.
  Ex. President Kennedy was a good leader. (In this sentence
  President Kennedy is a person; therefore, he is a noun.)

  Ex. The Kennedy Library is very large. (in this sentence Kennedy is
  describing the library; therefore, it is an adjective.)
         Limiting Adjectives
• Limiting adjectives point out nouns.
• There are five kinds of them:
                      Articles
                   Possessives
                 Demonstratives
                    Indefinites
                  Interrogatives
                  Articles
           There are three articles:
                       a
                       an
                      the
“The” is called a definite article because it
  points out nouns more specifically.
“A” and “an” are called indefinite articles
  because they do not point nouns out as
  specifically.
                Articles
“The” can be used before both singular and
  plural nouns.
  Ex. the cat, the houses

“A” and “an” can only be used before
  singular nouns.
  Ex. a book, an elephant
                  Articles
“The” can be used before both vowels and
  consonants.
  Ex. the ant, the car

“A” must be used before consonant sounds.
  Ex. a duck, a fossil, a uniform

“An” must be used before a vowel sounds.
  Ex. an umbrella, an excuse
      Possessive Adjectives
• Possessive adjectives show ownership of
  a noun.
• These words are the same as the
  possessive pronouns.
• There are fourteen possessive adjectives:
     my, mine            our, ours
     your, yours         your, yours
     his, her, hers, its their, theirs
    Demonstrative Adjectives
• Demonstrative adjectives point out a noun.
• They are the same words as the
  demonstrative pronouns.
• There are four demonstratives:
               this
               that
               these
               those
        Indefinite Adjectives
• Indefinite adjectives point out nouns.
• They often tell “how many” or “how much”
  of something.
• There are seventeen of them:
  all, any, another, both, each, either, few,
  little, many, more, most, much, neither,
  one, other, several, some
      Interrogative Adjectives
• Interrogative adjectives are used to ask
  questions.
• Three of them were also interrogative
  pronouns:
                which
                what
                whose
             Limiting Adjectives
• Many limiting adjectives have also been studied as
  pronouns. How do you tell when they are pronouns and
  when they are adjectives?
  -If a word is a pronoun, it will be renaming a person,
  place, or thing.
        Ex. That is a pencil. (That is renaming the pencil;
  therefore, it is a pronoun.)
  -If a word is an adjective, it will be pointing out a noun.
        Ex. That pencil is big. (That is pointing out a pencil,
  and pencil is a noun; therefore, it is an adjective.)
          Location of Adjectives
Adjectives can be located in three places in a sentence.

1.   The most common location is directly in front of the
     noun it is modifying.
       Ex. the big dog, the new toy
2.   Another location is after a linking verb or verb of
     condition. These are called predicate adjectives.
       Ex. The game was interesting.
3.   The final location of adjectives occurs after a noun
     when it is set off by commas.
     Ex. The book, well-written and suspenseful, kept my
       interest.
• This completes the review of adjectives.
• Additional review can be done in the
  review folders housed in 106 and the
  library.

				
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