INTEGRATED PROPOSAL FOR FUNDING by ancientbabylon

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									INTEGRATED PROPOSAL FOR FUNDING THE PROGRAMME OF THE UNITED NATIONS IN CAPE VERDE 2007-2010

Presented to the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg (Final version 18 January 2007)

1. SUMMARY
This funding proposal brings together many (but not all) of the sectors in which the United Nations is working in Cape Verde. It is a joint proposal from UN Funds and Programmes (which consists of UNFPA, UNDP, UNICEF and WFP) and UNAIDS, which is coordinating the UN’s response to HIV/AIDS in the country. Activities of other UN Agencies, that are not explicitly part of this proposal, but who are signatories of the UNDAF, are complementing the proposed activities and also ensuring greater sustainability. The proposed duration is 4 years, from 2007 to 2010, which is in line with the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) and the programming/budget cycle of the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg. Detailed activities will be presented on an annual basis in the Annual Work Plans. The total amount required for the activities that are presented in this funding proposal is USD 3,503,180. Although the UN is active in many areas as defined in its UNDAF for 2006-10; this funding proposal highlights and focuses only on the areas which are a priority also for the GrandDuchy of Luxembourg as has been agreed in discussions locally in Praia. The areas identified are Reproductive Health, HIV/AIDS, Education and Water and Sanitation. The overall objective of the programme is to assist the Government of Cape Verde in achieving the Millennium Development Goals. More specific objectives are given for each sector in the Proposed Results Matrix.

2. COUNTRY SITUATION
Cape Verde is an archipelago composed of 10 islands, 9 of which inhabited. It is located between the North and the South Atlantic at some 500 km off the coast of Senegal and has a surface area of 4,033 square kilometres. The population of the country was 450,489 inhabitants in 2002, including 52% women and 48% men, and a demographic growth rate estimated at 2.4% on average per annum. The percentage of urban population is 53.7 %. Most people live on the island of Santiago (54 % of total population) which has Praia, the capital, hosting a quarter of the Capeverdian population. This population is in a clear demographic transition process, characterized by a reduction of the synthetic fertility index from 7.1 children per woman in 1979 -1980 to 3.6 children in 2005. The population pyramid is marked by a reduction of the proportion of young people (42.3% of the population younger than 15 years in 2000, against 45% in 1990), and an increase in the percentage of older people (6.3% in 2000 against 5.8 % in 1990). The analysis carried out by the United Nations System within the framework of the Common Country Assessment (CCA) for elaboration of the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) over the period 2006-2010 indicated that significant progress was made towards realisation of population rights, in particular those consigned in the major international texts ratified by the country. It also showed that the perspectives are promising regarding achievement of the 2015 Millennium Development Goals. The major challenge confronting Cape Verde is the one related to the immediate, direct or indirect consequences rising from its exit from the group of the Least Developed

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Countries (LDCs). Having been a member of the LDC group since 1977, and after having consecutively satisfied two of the three criteria to exit this list, in 1994, 1997, 2000, as well as on the occasion of the last review in 2004, Cape Verde is now called to exit the group of the LDCs at the beginning of the year 2008. The criteria for which the Capeverdian performance was qualified as satisfactory are those of per capita income and human capital, while that of economic vulnerability, based primarily on the agricultural instability and the weak diversification of the economy, constitutes a heavy handicap for the country. The insular character of Cape Verde, and thus its territorial discontinuity, associated with the sahelian climate and the small area of arable land, confines agriculture to production levels covering less than 20 % of the country demand for foodstuffs. The dynamism of the Capeverdian economy, based mainly on official development assistance (ODA) and transfers of Capeverdian emigrants, remains very vulnerable. In the matter of democratic governance there are many challenges to be met, and in recent decades the various Governments of Cape Verde have shown unflinching determination to meet them, paving the way for a culture of democracy which will provide stability and ensure that governments change in a democratic manner and without conflict. Democratic governance relies on the gains already made, but these must be properly followed through in order to consolidate social cohesion and provide increased opportunities for citizens to participate in the management of public affairs. Especially worthy of mention is the fact that the country’s island status is a spur to decentralization. The inequalities from one island to the next represent both challenges and opportunities for the future of equitable development at country and subregional levels. With a real Gross National Product (GNP) per capita of USD 1,420 in 2002, Cape Verde stands out in Sub-Saharan Africa by its performance on growth and human development. Still, reducing poverty and inequalities is a major challenge to the Capeverdian authorities, because, in spite of a certain economic vitality, the vulnerabilities remain important. They result in the reduced possibilities of integration of a sustainable formal economy and a weak utilization of development opportunities posed by its insular diversities. The social and spatial inequalities limit the degree of human rights achievements, particularly in the social and economic areas. In such a context, the populations are kept in spheres of traditional and not very profitable actions, with loss of the protection of potentially lasting sources of income. The women-headed households are particularly affected by this situation as 53 % of the households they head were rated poor in 2002. Poverty, the source of social exclusion, blocks the process of opening up of individual and collective choices. The principles of equity and social justice are constant challenges for which continuous efforts must be made to promote the achievement of human rights in Cape Verde. The preservation of the environment is at the heart of the sustainable development processes and crucial for equity between the generations. In Cape Verde the environment is very fragile due, among other things, to the geographic position of the country, the scarcity of its natural resources and non-renewable energy resources, and the sahelian type climate, all of which are vulnerability factors which limit the development of the country. With regard to gender, a gender approach was integrated into the National Development Plan (2002-2005), and later into the National Plan on Gender Equality and Equity (20052009). It strives to fight against social exclusion, and for the equality of opportunities and the participation of both women and men in the development process. In spite of the results

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achieved in this area, efforts must still be made to improve the condition of women, in particular through improvement of access of women to the resources and benefits of development, and through a better application of law texts related to women's rights, in particular in what regards sexual and domestic violence. As the focus of this funding proposal is the areas of Health/Reproductive Health, HIV/AIDS, Education and Water and Sanitation, these will be discussed in more detail in chapter 4.

3. STRATEGY 3.1. National Strategy
With a view to promote balanced and equitable economic growth and reducing poverty, the Government of Cape Verde has produced a strategy paper for growth and poverty reduction (GPRSP). This paper reflects the national goals and priorities identified in national programmes drawn up on the basis of wide-ranging consultation will all representative social groups in Cape Verde, and with international development partners. 1 The GPRSP is composed of five pillars: promoting good governance; promoting competition to foster economic growth and job creation; developing and enhancing human capital; improving and developing basic infrastructure, land-use planning and environmental protection; improving and increasing the effectiveness and sustainability of the social welfare system. Cape Verde, which has endorsed the Millennium Declaration, has made the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals by 2015 a major priority, on the same footing with its strategy for a smooth transition from the least developed country category.

3.2. Strategy of the United Nations in Cape Verde
The General Assembly, in its resolution 59/209 of December 20th 2004, conscious of the risks that countries would be exposed to if they suddenly lost the numerous advantages of belonging to the LDC group, recommended that countries graduating from the LDC list should adopt a "smooth transition‖ strategy, in collaboration with their development partners. For Cape Verde, devising such a strategy is a task both for its government and for the international community, especially the United Nations system, from which adequate support must be forthcoming for the strategy to be implemented. Below is a presentation of the strategy of the UN in Cape Verde.

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These documents are the Key Planning Options for 2002-2005 and the National Development Plan, supplemented by the report on the Millennium Development Goals (2004) and sectoral development plans for human rights, education, the environment, health, tourism, the justice system etc.

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i. UNDAF The United Nations has developed the UN Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) 2006-2010 to respond to the above-mentioned concerns and priorities and to meet the major development challenges of the country. The areas of response identified in the UNDAF include democratic governance, poverty reduction, promotion of environmental sustainability, development of human capital, and social welfare. The strategy of the UN in Cape Verde aims, on one hand, to increase the UN’s contribution to the GPRSP, and, on the other, to consolidate the gains from respective agency responses in areas where they have comparative advantages such as policy-making support, capacity building, and appropriate relief efforts for vulnerable sectors of the population. Signatories of the UNDAF from the UN side are FAO, UNFPA, UNDP, UNICEF, WFP and WHO. Cape Verde Government also received support from the so called UN Non Resident Agencies (NRA), that don’t have a permanent representation in Cape Verde, but that provide technical and financial support to the country. In addition to the above mentioned agencies, UNODC and UNAIDS also have active representation in Cape Verde. ii. Relevant UN Agencies for this proposal, and their strategies Agencies that will be implementing the activities in this funding proposal are the four agencies of the UN Funds and Programmes (UNFPA, UNDP, UNICEF and WFP) and UNAIDS. This is thus a joint programme between several UN Agencies, and this approach will likely bring a more efficient, coordinated and cost-effective response to address the developmental challenges in Cape Verde. Joint Office, Joint Programme Since January 2006, UNFPA, UNDP, UNICEF and WFP have formed the first ever Joint Office, meaning among other things that these four agencies now have one programme for their activities in Cape Verde. (The formal name for this is the Office of the UN Funds & Programmes.) Before being part of the Joint Office, all the four agencies have a long history of assisting the Government of Cape Verde in development since early days of its independence. Based on UNDAF result matrixes, which include all UN agencies that are active in Cape Verde, the Office of the UN Funds and Programmes has extracted results that are relevant for the four agencies of the Joint Office. As a result, four key programme areas have been identified:     Strengthening of democratic governance Promotion of growth and economic opportunities for the most vulnerable Management of the environment, and disaster prevention and response Development of human capital and reform of the social sector

These four areas are the basis of the Country Programme Action Plan (CPAP) that is signed between the four agencies and the Government of Cape Verde. The CPAP runs from 2006 until 2010. The CPAP is also in line with other International Conventions of which Cape Verde is a signatory such as the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Convention on

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the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, the Protocol on the African Charter of Human Rights and Peoples relating to the African Woman. UNAIDS UNAIDS, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, brings together the efforts and resources of ten UN system organizations to the global AIDS response.2 UNAIDS is committed to strengthening support to nationally owned and led responses, and it has five focus areas including: leadership and advocacy, strategic information and technical support, tracking monitoring and evaluation, civil society engagement and mobilization of resources. With its ten cosponsors UNAIDS assists in ensuring better coordination among its partners in the UN system, governments, civil society, donors, the private sector and others. A United Nations General Assembly resolution adopted on 23 December 2005 has requested UNAIDS and its Co-sponsors to assist in ―facilitating inclusive, country-driven processes, including consultations with relevant stakeholders, including non-governmental organization, civil society and the private sector, within existing national AIDS strategies, for scaling up HIV prevention, treatment, care and support with the aim of coming as close as possible to the goal of universal access to treatment by 2010 for all those who need it.‖ In Cape Verde, UNAIDS, together with the Joint Office and WHO and FAO, coordinates the UN’s assistance to the Government of Cape Verde in its fight against HIV/AIDS. UNAIDS priorities in Cape Verde are prevention (especially among youth as a target group); assisting people ―infected and affected‖ by HIV/AIDS; and assisting the Government with a law against discrimination.

4. PROPOSED PROGRAMME

4.1. Situation in areas chosen for this funding proposal, and the response of the UN
Within the above presented framework, some sectors and activities have been chosen for possible funding from Luxembourg. The sectors and activities have been identified jointly locally, and reflect areas where the donor and the UN can work together to help the Government of Cape Verde and its people enjoy a development that benefits the whole society, and especially the most vulnerable population. Health i. Situation in Cape Verde Cape Verde has achieved important progress in the major health indicators. The health situation of the population is improving, and this is mainly visible in the reduction of maternal mortality, which presently is at 150 per 100,000 live births (adjusted, 2000), under five child mortality rate at 35 per 1,000 live births (2005), and infant mortality rate of 26 per 1,000 live births (2005) with a significant impact on increase of life expectancy at birth (at 71 in 2005).3 These improvements are the result of the success of interventions aiming at
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Cosponsors include UNHCR, UNICEF, WFP, UNDP, UNFPA, UNODC, ILO, UNESCO, WHO and the World Bank. Based in Geneva, the UNAIDS secretariat works on the ground in more than 75 countries world wide.
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Source : UNICEF’s State of the World’s Children Report 2007

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combating gastrointestinal infections, acute respiratory infections, vaccine preventable diseases and caloric-protein malnutrition, as well as interventions in the areas of Reproductive Health (RH) such as family planning, the increase of access to prenatal care assistance to pregnancies, and post natal care. In spite of these results, important challenges still persist in the health area, including RH, improvement in the equity of geographic distribution of care services provision, vaccination in children under one year of age and pregnant women. The high number of unwanted teenager pregnancies also poses a serious RH problem which at the same time challenges the public authorities, the civil society (in particular female associations), parents and development partners. Improving maternal health is one of those goals where progress is slow, which means that sustaining this goal will require close monitoring of maternal health during all phases, including medical visits in the context of planned parenthood, HIV/AIDS tests, as well as improved knowledge about causes of maternal deaths. The death of a woman during pregnancy or delivery is a human tragedy on many levels; individual, family and social. The chances of survival for a newly born (and also the survival of the older children) decreases if the mother dies. Experience from Maternal Health programmes show that maternal mortality can be avoided to a great extent if all women were to benefit, one on hand, from the assistance of a qualified health worker during pregnancy and delivery, and on the other hand, if they were to have access to emergency medical care in case of complications. These shortcomings can be addressed through offering quality RH services; by guaranteeing access to services; and by offering emergency obstetric care. In 2003, an EU-financed study on Maternal/Reproductive Health – ―Amélioration de la

qualité des systèmes de santé concernant la grossesse et l’accouchement, bases en évidence locale et interventions adaptes‖ – was finalised. This concluded that the main

cause of maternal mortality was linked to the weakness of health services. As a response to the conclusions and recommendations of the study, a strategy « Attention Intégrale de la Santé de la Femme/Maternité Sans Risque » (AISM) was adopted and later institutionalised. This strategy aims to a complete and integrated approach to women’s health during their reproductive years, and strives to improve the health care of women in order to detect and follow up on high risk pregnancies and/or deliveries, and to provide prenatal care. This strategy is included in the National Programme of Reproductive Health. ii. Response of the UN The Ministry of Health (MoH) approached UNFPA with a request for technical and financial assistance to the AISM, given that it fit well within the Programme of Cooperation between the Government and UNFPA. During the first phase of the programme, in 2005, the technical and financial support provided by UNFPA allowed the MoH to take charge of and institutionalise this initiative with national coverage. Three tools to monitor the health of women has since been put in place: (i) a system of a health card for each woman that gives integrated information of her health (ii) a special health card for obstetric information (iii) a document to register the whole delivery process (PARTOGRAMA). Providers of RH care in all national health structures have been trained in using these tools. In line with the Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5 – reducing child mortality and improving maternal health – the UN Funds and Programmes have incorporated these goals into its Common Country Programme. As the AISM fits well within these objectives, the

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Joint Office will continue supporting the Ministry of Health in the second phase of AISM, mainly through the technical and financial assistance of UNFPA and UNICEF. The second phase will allow an internalisation and continuation of the strategy. It will also include provision of equipments and trainings. For more detail on results that are expected, please see the below table. In addition to continuing working with the AISM, the UN Funds and Programmes will also assist Cape Verde in a programme of prevention and tracking of cancers related to reproduction (breast, uterus, ovaries, prostate). Another component within this sector will be strengthening the capacity of young people in relation to RH, including HIV/AIDS, and development of Life Skills. A life-skills approach, with its emphasis on communication and decision-making, can be applied to many subjects, but it can be especially appropriate in the sensitive arena of sexual and reproductive health. Subject matter may range from reproductive biology and human development to emotions, gender stereotypes and relations, communication and negotiation, safer sexual health (including voluntary abstinence and use of protective methods to avoid pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections), HIV/AIDS, drug and alcohol addiction, violence and abuse, and mass media messages. Providing appropriate information, shaping attitudes and building life skills can promote preventive and responsible behaviour and generate demand for reproductive health education and services. Studies have repeatedly shown that accurate information provided at the right age tends to delay the onset of sexual activity and fosters safer sexual behaviours. Well-designed educational programmes also address parents and communities, whose support can be an important element in their success. The main responsibility of the implementation, coordination and monitoring of the project rests with the Directorate General of Health (DGS). The UN Funds and Programmes will also monitor and evaluate the project, with a final evaluation and audit at the end of the project, according to the rules and procedures of the UN Funds and Programmes. HIV/AIDS i. Situation in Cape Verde Infectious diseases such as tuberculosis and infections via HIV-AIDS remain an important challenge in Cape Verde. As far as HIV-AIDS infection is concerned, the epidemic is regarded as having a weak prevalence, but the situation is disturbing due to the tendency for an increase and the tendency for a ―feminisation‖ of HIV/AIDS. Total prevalence has gone up from 0.5% in 1989 to 0.8% in 2005 (1.1% for men and 0.4% for women). Another concern is related to migration; Cape Verde is, on one hand, due to its geographic location, a transit point between West Africa, Europe and Latin America, and on the other hand, the majority of Cape Verdians live outside of the country in West Africa, the United States and in Europe but visiting their home country frequently. This makes the country vulnerable to infectious diseases. The Cape Verde Government has in 2006 adapted a National Strategy for the fight against HIV/AIDS for the period 2006-10, with a total budget of USD 24 million. Globally, reaching the Millennium Development Goal on HIV/AIDS – to halt and reverse the spread of the epidemic by 2015 – requires far greater access to HIV prevention services and AIDS treatment, care and support than is currently available. In Cape Verde, although not a high prevalence country, the fight against HIV/AIDS has still not led to containment of the

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disease. Therefore increased attentions to the disease and promotion of behaviour changes are crucial.

ii. Response of the UN In Cape Verde, the response of the UN to HIV/AIDS will naturally be within the framework of the national strategy. Focus will be on prevention and protecting people infected and affected by HIV/AIDS. In prevention, key areas will be the support of information, education and communication (IEC) campaigns including TV and radio spots, articles in the press, printed materials, T-shirts, music events etc. Although the campaigns aim to target the whole population, special focus will be on youth. These campaigns aim to address attitudes and practices that influence the spread of the epidemic. They also aim at creating a supportive social environment to increase demand for information, as well as access to and utilization of prevention, care and treatment services. Training of trainers will also be conducted on the municipality level. Another key area is prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV/AIDS to ensure that fewer children are born with HIV infection. (For more prevention activities see also information on Life Skills in the chapter on Reproductive Health). When protecting the rights of people infected and affected by HIVAIDS, the focus will be on ensuring treatment for all (universal access), promoting legislation against discrimination, addressing issues of stigmatisation and vulnerability, and providing vocational training and income generating activities. A goal is also to create at least one association for people living with HIV/AIDS, which will be contributing in implementing and monitoring of the National Strategy. The UN will also support national capacities and the national programme against HIV/AIDS in their efforts of monitoring, tracking and consolidation of the information system regarding the national response to HIV/AIDS. One activity will be to support studies conducted on the impact of HIV/AIDS, another will be the support to the process of integrating HIV/AIDS, Gender and Child related concerns into national instruments and processes of development. The main partner of the UN in HIV/AIDS activities is the CCS Sida, which is a committee coordinating the HIV/AIDS work in the country. The UN also comes together in a Technical Group on HIV/AIDS (UN agencies only) and a Thematic Group on HIV/AIDS (with all relevant stakeholders). These two groups ensure that the response of the UN is coordinated and in line with national concerns and priorities, as well as creating an opportunity to monitor and evaluate implementation of activities related to HIV/AIDS activities. For more details, please see results table below. Education i. Situation in Cape Verde Cape Verde has made good progress in the area of education; universal basic education has been achieved, secondary education is expanding and higher education and vocational training are under development. Nevertheless, some challenges remain. Education has an influence in the determination of poverty. The head of household’s level of education not only influences the probability of the household being poor but also explains the inequality among households. In general, households led by an uneducated person

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have the greatest incidence and depth of poverty. Although Cape Verde has registered positive developments in education during the last decade, the actual rate of illiterate people constitutes a great constraint for the poor to emerge from poverty. Presently, about one quarter of the population aged 15 and older is illiterate. Of these, three quarters are women. Education and gender equality are intertwined. Education can put women on the path to economic and social empowerment. Educated women tend to marry later, have fewer children and are more likely to understand what they must do to protect themselves and their families against various odds. The links between educated mothers and their children’s survival and development have been clearly established. An educated mother is more likely to protect her child from avoidable illness and disease with routine health check-ups, growth monitoring and a nutritious diet. She knows that her child can be safe from such preventable diseases as polio, measles and diarrhea through immunization. How a child is nurtured and cared for from birth onwards has a profound bearing on that child’s ability to learn and develop. And there is incontrovertible evidence suggesting that women who are educated tend to have healthier and better educated children. For the above reasons, children coming from poor backgrounds undergo some difficulties for continuation of their studies, and therefore enter the work market without adequate training. This lack of skills makes them more exposed to unemployment, and this is especially true for girls, as generally, unemployment is more frequent among women at all ages. For Cape Verde, strengthening professional/vocational education is an essential policy measure for reduction of poverty. Professional/vocational education has experienced some progress, however various constraints persist, including the non-existence of a financing mechanism. Efforts are under way to regulate the system of professional training. It is also necessary to improve not only the access but also the quality of education and to encourage students to complete secondary or professional education in order to improve their chances of successfully entering the labour market.

ii. Response of the UN Many UN Agencies have been active in the education sector in Cape Verde, and all of the 4 Agencies of the UN Funds and Programmes have, before becoming Joint Office addressed this issue from different angles. These complementarities continue within the common country programme between the Joint Office and the Government of Cape Verde. Within basic education, UNICEF works with basic education and girl’s education and WFP works with school canteens while on secondary and professional/vocational education UNFPA traditionally works with youth and adolescents and UNDP focuses on adult alphabetization. The Girls’ Education Initiative, mainly a UNICEF initiative, is being implemented on the islands and in the municipalities that are characterized by high levels of poverty and where basic education indicators are well below the national average. Schools are used as a platform for behavioural change and gender awareness through effective information, education and communication activities. Another component in basic education is the school water and sanitation – teaching proper hygiene behaviour in schools, and providing access to drinking water and sanitation facilities. Reducing drop-out rates and getting children that have dropped out of school to come back are other strategies used. WFP

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provides hot meals for school children through school canteens, which both gets children to attend school and to perform better. UNICEF provides institutional support for schools as well as supply equipment, teaching materials, and literature to teachers and students. It also has processes for involving parents, teachers, and pedagogic coordinators in education reform. UNFPA focuses on youth and adolescents, assisting with vocational training and Life Skills training in among other things, reproductive health. Without education or employable skills, pregnant girls may be forced to drop out of school, and be poorly prepared to take on the responsibilities of childrearing, while facing diminished income prospects. Moreover, for a majority of young people, economic life begins in the adolescent years — for those who can get jobs. But unemployment is high for this group. Enhancing the skills base and employability — especially of the poorest groups — can translate into better jobs and better pay — a better chance to escape poverty and socio-economic exclusion. Under the framework of the development of human capital and reform of the social sector, the UN Funds and Programmes will seek to improve the performance and quality of basic social services, as well as to improve the access of the poorest members of the population to these services. Within this strategy, the right to access to quality education is an important component. For more detail, please see results table below. Water and Sanitation i. Situation in Cape Verde The country is characterized by a Sahelian climate with long periodic droughts. One of the main consequences of water shortages has been desertification, decrease in agricultural production and increased poverty among the population. Other consequences of the lack of water resources is reflected in the fact that diarrhoeal diseases continue to be among the main causes of infant morbidity and mortality in Cape Verde. Limited access to drinking water and to sanitary means for disposal of human waste, together with inadequate hygiene practices, are considered as the major factors affecting child survival, mainly in the most underprivileged strata of society. The access to drinking water in rural areas is as follows: 7% of the population is linked to a water network; 54% gets their water provided for from water points/fountains; 5% from water trucks; 9% from household water tanks/cisterns; and 25% get their drinking water from other sources. ii. Response of the UN In addition to the activities related to Water and Sanitation and Hygiene in schools (discussed above), the UN will assist the government of Cape Verde in improving access to safe drinking water and sanitation facilities for people living in the most underserved rural and peri-urban areas. In total, only 25% of the population has access to drinking water from a water network. A part from the water points/fountains, which serve about 45% of the total population, the other sources of water are quite unreliable. This affects women and children the hardest, as

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they are the ones tasked with fetching water. To address this, interventions are needed both in schools and on the community level. The proposed activities would allow a) improved capacity and sensitization of education professionals regarding hygiene promotion; b) improved hygiene behavior and practices among pupils in basic education; c) sustainable access to drinking water and sanitation infrastructure in primary schools; d) increased access to drinking water for the most vulnerable populations in rural and periurban communities. With regard to interventions profiting the most vulnerable rural and peri-urban populations, the UN’s interventions will guarantee a commitment to a long-term cooperation, and a response adapted to the real needs of the people, especially the most vulnerable populations. In addition, it will allow for good practices to be transferred from the schools to families, thus benefiting the whole communities in breaking the vicious cycle.

4.2. Objectives, results, activities
Sectors As described above, the sectors in this proposal are Reproductive Health, HIV/AIDS, Education, Water and Sanitation Duration Both the UNDAF and the CPAP run until 2010, which corresponds with Luxembourg’s programme cycle. It is therefore proposed that the duration of this proposed programme be four years (2007-2010), starting from 1 January 2007. Beneficiaries This programme will benefit the most vulnerable population in Cape Verde by contributing to the realisation of their human rights related to basic social services. It will also benefit the national institutions through improved capacity to design and implement national strategies aiming at reducing poverty and achieving the MDGs. Results and activities Below is a table with summarised information on the proposed areas of partnership, results foreseen and activities to be undertaken. As this project will ultimately contribute to reaching the objectives of the UNDAF, the table also gives the relevant UNDAF results as a reference, to place the proposed programme in a wider context. Funding required As many activities are already funded from the Agencies core/regular funds, or by other donors, the table only gives information on the results and activities that require full or partial funding. For a summary of required resources, please see table below. Annual Work Plans For more detail on all activities (including the ones for which no funding is required) for the first year (2007), please see the attached Annual Work Plans for 2007. It is proposed that Annual Work Plans be shared with the donor at the beginning of each calendar year.

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Partners The UN in Cape Verde works very closely with its national counterparts, following strategies that are defined nationally. For more details on which particular partner the UN will be working with in the various activities, please see the Annual Work Plans. Monitoring and evaluation As the activities presented in this funding proposal are part of the Country Programme Action Plan (CPAP) developed with the Government, they are guided by the agreements in the CPAP. This, among other things, stipulates that the Annual Work Plans will be evaluated during a mandatory annual review which will provide a progress report describing how the results are being achieved. This approach requires properly defined benchmarks (qualitative and quantitative) or criteria for monitoring and evaluation which will allow for an assessment of the true contribution of the common country programme between the Government and the Joint Office, as compared to the achievement of the UNDAF outcomes and GPRSP goals. To facilitate monitoring and evaluation of the common country programme the indicators for each outcome have been identified as well as the source of verification and risk identification. This monitoring and evaluation framework will be evaluated every year during the annual review. A comprehensive five-year monitoring and evaluation plan was developed within UNDAF and will serve as a reference for the common country programme.

4.3. Summary of Required Resources 2007-2010

USD Area Education WES** Reproductive Health HIV/AIDS Subtotal HQ recovery cost 7% TOTAL
*as known in Dec 2006 ** cost for School Water & Sanitation included

Funds Required

Funds Mobilized*

Funding Need 680,000 1,200,000 1,100,000 294,000 3,274,000 229,180 3,503,180

1,160,000 480,000 1,200,000 1,500,000 400,000 610,000 316,000 4,470,000 1,196,000

0

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4.4. Administrative Information
As this is a joint UN programme, an agreement will be signed between the Resident Coordinator (UNDP) and the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg locally in Cape Verde.

Address, phone/fax n° in Cape Verde :
United Nations in Cape Verde Ave. OUA PO Box 62 Praia CAPE VERDE Phone: +238 2609600 Fax: +238 262 1096

Name, title and e-mail of representative
Mrs. Patricia de Mowbray Resident Coordinator of the UN / Resident Representative of the UN Funds and Programmes e-mail: patricia.de.mowbray@cv.jo.un.org

Address in HQ:
Director of Bureau for Resources and Strategic Partnerships (BRSP) DC1-1928 UNDP, UN Plaza New York, 10017 New York, USA

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4.5. Results matrix
i. Results related to UNDAF
Project in relation to UNDAF Results (2006-2010) UNDAF Areas: -Development of Human Capital -Social Protection Relevant UNDAF No. 12: The most vulnerable populations will exercise their right to Results: access to quality and sustainable social services: education, health services and fight against HIV/AIDS No. 13: National institutions ensure implementation and monitoring of progress in realisation of the human rights related to basic social services No. 14: National institutions and the civil society are reinforced in the fight against HIV/AIDS

ii. Proposed Results
Area UNDAF Results Indicators Main Activities Lead UN Agency Timeframe Funds required (USD) estimate Funds received (USD) estimate Funding Gap (USD) estimate

The most vulnerable populations will exercise their right to access to quality and sustainable social services: education, health services and fight against HIV/AIDS (UNDAF Result 12)

Net rate of education Percentage of population that have access to basic health services Percentage of population that have access to HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment 80% of teachers in basic education having the necessary capacities Improved books/student ratio Rate of completion of primary education increased Improving Basic Education: -providing school and teaching materials -training of teachers UNICEF 2007-2010 480.000 (120.000 annually) 480.000 120.000 (UNICEF regular res.) 0

Education

(also related to UNDAF Result 15.5)

20% of schools in Cape Verde with functioning water and sanitation installations (goal: 20 schools/year)

Water, Hygiene and Health in schools -installing drinking water and sanitary facilities in schools

UNICEF

2007-2010

600.000

600.000

Area

UNDAF Results

Indicators

Main Activities

Lead UN Agency

Timeframe

Funds required (USD) estimate

Funds received (USD) estimate

Funding Gap (USD) estimate

90% of children in targeted schools using school WES facilities 80% of children in targeted schools washing hands before meal 90% of targeted schools that use hygiene promotion materials

-education in nutrition, health and hygiene to improve hygiene behaviour among school children -education on HIV/AIDS prevention

Number of vocational training centres Number of trained people

Vocational training of youth: Strengthening the National system on vocational training for young people Strengthening apprentice-programme for youth and adolescents Elaboration of a study on vocational training needs on the decentralized UNFPA

2007-2010

560.000 (140.000 annual)

560.000

17

Area

UNDAF Results

Indicators

Main Activities

Lead UN Agency

Timeframe

Funds required (USD) estimate

Funds received (USD) estimate

Funding Gap (USD) estimate

level Elaboration of a study on the impact of vocational training on the “employability” of youth Gender specific rate of alphabetization Literacy rates Water and Sanitation (also related to UNDAF Result 15.5) Increased number of population that have functioning safe water source within a 0.5 km distance from their dwelling No. of and % of water points functioning. Adult alphabetisation Strengthening National system of adult alphabetisation Water and Sanitation: Improving access to safe drinking water for people living in the most underserved rural and peri-urban areas Improving access to sanitation facilities for people living in the most underserved rural and peri-urban areas UNDP 120.000 (30.000 annually) 120.000

UNICEF

2007-2010

600.000 (150.000 annually)

600.000

18

Area

UNDAF Results

Indicators

Main Activities

Lead UN Agency

Timeframe

Funds required (USD) estimate

Funds received (USD) estimate

Funding Gap (USD) estimate

National institutions ensure implementation and monitoring of progress in realisation of the human rights related to basic social services (UNDAF Result 13) Reproductive Health

Monitoring system put in place by the Ministries in charge of basic social services

AISM programme implemented Number of doctors/specialist trained in RH Health Center coverage (national/municipal) which offers specific RH services

Maternal Health Services: Implementing the AISM strategy Improving the quality of RH services (prenatal, delivery and postpartum) on all national levels Improving access to RH services Improving referral system Reproductive Health: Improve the national capacity and capability to offer preventive and tracking services for genital, breast, uterus and prostate cancer

UNFPA UNICEF

2007-2010

900.000 (including activities on Mother to Child transmission below)

400.000 (UNFPA: 340.000 UNICEF: 60.000)

500.000

UNFPA

2007-2010

200.000

200.000

19

Area

UNDAF Results

Indicators

Main Activities

Lead UN Agency

Timeframe

Funds required (USD) estimate

Funds received (USD) estimate

Funding Gap (USD) estimate

Percentage of youth with access to and using quality sexual and reproductive health services

Youth and Reproductive Health Strengthening the capacity of young people in relation to RH, including HIV/AIDS and development of Life Skills

UNFPA

2007-2010

400.000

400.000

National institutions and the civil society are reinforced in the fight against HIV/AIDS (UNDAF Result 14) HIV/AIDS

HIV/AIDS rates by gender and age groups Number of people that have access to HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment Reduced number of children born with HIV % of pregnant women who have access to services through the Prevention of Mother to Child transmission programme Prevention: Prevention of Mother to Child transmission of HIV/AIDS: strengthening the programme on prevention of vertical transmission of HIV/AIDS UNFPA UNICEF 2007-2010 (funds included in result on Maternal Health/ AISM)

20

Area

UNDAF Results

Indicators

Main Activities

Lead UN Agency

Timeframe

Funds required (USD) estimate

Funds received (USD) estimate

Funding Gap (USD) estimate

Targeting vulnerable groups, also linked to tourism and HIV/AIDS % of the general population that knows the existence of AIDS and the methods of prevention The Municipal Plan of action (2006-10) is implemented Increased number of people that are living with HIV/AIDS benefit from a professional training and income generating activities Number of people living with HIV/AIDS and their families that benefit from an association People affected and infected by HIV/AIDS: Organization of professional training Initiating income generating activities for people with HIV/AIDS Creating an association for people living with HIV/AIDS UNAIDS 2007-2010 Strengthening HIV/AIDS prevention activities at municipal level (includes training of trainers) UNAIDS 2007-2010 425.000 316.000 (75.000 annual UNAIDS) (4.000 annual for universal access) 109.000

Percentage of people,

Information, education,

UNFPA

2007-2010

40.000

40.000

21

Area

UNDAF Results

Indicators

Main Activities

Lead UN Agency

Timeframe

Funds required (USD) estimate

Funds received (USD) estimate

Funding Gap (USD) estimate

especially high risk groups, that knows of HIV/AIDS prevention and use condoms

communication: Strengthening the capacity in information, education and communication in order to change behaviour and develop social competencies related to HIV/AIDS Development and dissemination of HIV/AIDS strategies for social mobilization and communication Strengthening national and civil society capacities in the fight against HIV/AIDS and sensitising the private sector for an HIV/AIDS response

UNICEF UNDP

50.000

50.000

Number of NGOs and associations that are organised and active in the fight against HIV/AIDS Number of private enterprises and public services that have a functional plan for the fight against HIV/AIDS

2007-2010

40.000 (10.000 annually)

40.000

Information system and

Tracking and evaluation: support national

2007-2010 20.000 20.000

22

Area

UNDAF Results

Indicators

Main Activities

Lead UN Agency

Timeframe

Funds required (USD) estimate

Funds received (USD) estimate

Funding Gap (USD) estimate

CRIS implemented

programmes in their efforts of monitoring, tracking and consolidation of the information system regarding the national response to HIV/AIDS support studies conducted on the impact of HIV/AIDS support the process of integrating HIV/AIDS, Gender and Child related concerns into national instruments and processes of development Legal protection: Support elaboration of legal framework and anti-discrimination laws to protect children orphaned by AIDS and other vulnerable children, and people living with HIV/AIDS 10.000 10.000

5.000

5.000

2007-2010

20.000

20.000

TOTAL

4,470,000

1,196,000

3,274,000

23

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