CD-tagging within the cell, page 3
Electronic democracy project, page 4
Ethics course goes global, page 5
FOCUS — in seven issues a year —
is a publication of the faculty and
staff of Carnegie Mellon University.
Volume 32, No. 2, November 2002
Homestead’s two downtowns Student visas
Waterfront hitting a snag
booming, after Sept. 11
main street Each year, Carnegie Mellon accepts a
wide range of students from across the coun-
try and around the world. But unlike stu-
decaying dents who reside in the U.S., foreign nation-
als must acquire an F-1 student visa before
they can enter the country.
I t is a Friday night at the Waterfront and
nearly all 7,000-plus parking spaces are full.
To do so, students must bring the com-
pleted I-20 form (provided by the U.S. uni-
versity) and passport to the American con-
The wait for tables is three hours at Bravo sulate in their home country. Acceptance or
and two hours at P.F. Chang’s. At both rejection of the visa application by the U.S.
restaurants, people cluster by the entrance consular officer depends on a number of
and wait for their pagers to vibrate and red factors, including knowledge of English. To
lights to flash, notifying them that their table establish their proficiency, students are re-
is ready. quired to take the Test Of English as a
Music from Bar Louie turns the heads of Foreign Language (TOEFL) and, if neces-
teenagers who are on their way to shop at sary, appear for an oral interview with a U.S.
one of the 43 stores after taking in a movie consular officer. In addition, students and
at the 22-screen Loew’s Theater. Newly- families also need to prove that they have
weds and empty-nesters walk across the the financial means to pay for their educa-
parking lot from one of the 235 recently tional costs.
completed riverside townhouses to get a Students usually do not have a problem
midnight snack from the 83,000 square foot, acquiring visas, but in an extreme case that
24-hour Giant Eagle. The Waterfront, the made headlines early in the school year, the
newest entertainment complex in Pittsburgh, Malaysian American Commission of Edu-
is buzzing alive in a big way. cational Exchange (MACEE) delayed visas
But past the Waterfront exit off of the to eight students who expected to join
Homestead Grays Bridge, better known as Carnegie Mellon’s Class of 2006 in late
the Hi-Level Bridge, lies a street that most August.
Carnegie Mellon students have never gotten Wong Yew Choe, a civil engineering
far enough to see. Running parallel to the major, is one of the eight students who was
popular Waterfront, it is Eighth Avenue, the accepted into Carnegie Mellon, but is still in
main thoroughfare of Homestead for more Malaysia due to the delay. Choe said, through
than a century. an online conversation, that “The sudden
There on that same Friday night, this change in immigration policy and proce-
street lies barren, quiet and desolate — a dure frustrated us, as the time from the date
stark difference from the weekly 11 p.m. Carnegie Mellon player Merry McConnochie after the ball Photo: Dave Miller we received our I-20 to the date we must
traffic jam just two blocks away as the enroll at CMU was less than three months.”
movie lets out. The only activity on Eighth
Avenue is at Chiodo’s and a few other local
bars that are left standing. No parked cars
Equity rules in athletics
For the practice of awarding fewer sports the federal Equity in Athletics Disclosure
continued on page 4
line the streets and the only traffic is just
passing through, as quickly as possible.
scholarships to women than to men, 30 U.S.
colleges were recently criticized by the
Act of 1984, the report must be available to
the public by Oct. 15 of each year. The
At the Waterfront, mall-starved students
from Carnegie Mellon and Pitt arrive by car
Women’s Law Center for athletic scholar-
ship violations under Title IX of the Educa-
percentage of women athletes supported by
a given college must equal the percentage of
or via the 61C bus. Shoppers come from tion Amendments of 1972. women enrolled, plus or minus 5 percent.
West Mifflin, Shadyside, Squirrel Hill, the
South Hills, the North Hills, Monroeville
Carnegie Mellon doesn’t award athletic
scholarships, but it does actively recruit
The Office of Civil Rights investigates col-
leges that violate this requirement.
at a cluster
and beyond. In fact, according to Bruce
Englehardt, general manager of the Water-
front and a vice president at Continental
athletes to a large number of varsity sports.
So how does CMU fare in its support for
I obtained a copy of the 2000-01 report
from John Harvey, director of Athletics and near you
athletes, and do the women enjoy equality in Physical Education, which showed women Once upon a time, there was an computer
Real Estate, they are able to “draw in people the field? were 36 percent of the undergraduate stu-
from up to a 70-mile radius.” operating system (OS) that was used only by
About 9 percent of the undergraduates dents and 31 percent of the athletes. The geeks and computer enthusiasts. Its mascot
Yet there are two main problems here; the here participate in one of the university’s 17 difference is attributable to the football team,
first is with the town and the second is with was a slightly overweight penguin named
varsity teams — eight for women and nine which accounted for 29 percent of the total Tux, and its mere mention was enough to
its people. While the Waterfront flourishes, for men. The teams compete in the Division number of athletes.
Eighth Avenue remains stagnant with little inspire awe and fear in those who lacked
III University Athletic Association (UAA) Joan Maser, associate director of Athlet- experience with it.
hope in the near future for revitalization. with seven other urban research universi- ics, said the current ratio of women to men
Once a vibrant strips of shops, restaurants, Its name was Linux, and it no longer
ties: Brandeis, Case Western Reserve, athletes is much higher than it was in the belongs to a select group of enthusiasts.
continued on page 8 Emory, New York University, Chicago, early 1980s, when she came to CMU as head Today, Carnegie Mellon embraces it.
Rochester and Washington University in St women’s field hockey coach. Now, as asso- Linux usage on campus is high in com-
Louis. ciate director, Maser fulfills the NCAA re- parison to most universities, with several
Carnegie Mellon has been gradually add- quirement for a senior women’s administra- Wean clusters devoted entirely to it. World-
ing more women since 1960, when it be- tor whose role is to ensure representation of wide, only 1.7 percent of new desktop com-
came a co-ed university. Since joining the women’s interests. By all accounts, she has puters run Linux, but at CMU the usage
NCAA in 1986, it has made a large effort to played a key role in raising the number of soars to nearly half the student population.
increase its number of women athletes. women athletes at CMU. A majority of Computer Science professors
For the past three years, the athletics The university did this partly by gradu- run Linux on their office computers.
department has been required to file a report ally increasing the size of its track and field The Computer Science department is run-
on its participating male and female athletes teams, and by adding a women’s soccer ning Linux or another Unix-based OS on 32
Eighth Avenue Photo: Leah Messina to the NCAA research department. Under continued on page 5 continued on page 5 1
Electronics. He is also a traveling lecturer at
Amazon’s dog years several weeks. There, Daisy said he was
made whole again because “Spain is home to both companies and colleges, and has authored
The discussion revolved around the status
of Chicano/a farm workers since the death of
Mike Daisy has held many jobs. High the laziest people in the world.” about 80 articles and six books, including, Cesar Chavez nearly 10 years ago. Some of
school teacher. Night janitor. Cow innards In Spain, Daisy’s wife asked him what he most recently, a book entitled “How to Make the topics for the evening included immigra-
remover. But it was his experience at planned to do about the 11 job offers waiting Brilliant Stuff That People Love.” tion and the border patrol, the impact Chavez
Amazon.com that drew a full house in at home. Looking her in the eye, Daisy said he Jordan also taught a design class here in has had on Chicano/as, the role of education
McConomy Auditorium on Nov. 11. wanted to do something that would ensure no spring 2002 as a distinguished Nierenberg in the living situation of farm workers and
Daisy brought his one-man show “21 Dog one would ever hire him again. visiting professor. He is the founder and CEO ethnic diversity at Carnegie Mellon.
Years: Doing Time @ Amazon.com” di- Besides fulfilling this promise through his of the Contemporary Trends Institute, which John Soluri, assistant professor of History,
rectly from Off-Broadway to CMU as part of one-man show, Daisy has appeared on David offers design and marketing consulting to facilitated the discussion. He opened with the
the University Lecture Series. Audience mem- Letterman and is creating a series an HBO companies, among other services. background of the farm workers movement
bers lined the hallway of the University Cen- series based on his life. SONNI ABATTA and the role of Chavez.
ter before being allowed into the auditorium The audience frequently laughed enough “The legacy of Cesar Chavez is important
20 minutes before show time. Once the doors
opened, seats filled quickly, and latecomers
to drown out Daisy’s monologue. Ninety Covering Clinton not just to farm workers, but more figura-
minutes without intermission proved too long As a reporter for the Associated Press, tively for Chicanos and Chicanas as a whole,”
were left standing in the aisles. for some, though, as people quietly began said Soluri.
Beth Harpaz is accustomed to a fast-paced,
Daisy’s 90-minute show drew laughs im- leaving after the first hour. Chavez (1927-93) understood firsthand the
bare-fact style of journalism that leaves little
mediately, as he began describing why his KATIE BAILEY plight of the farm worker. He became a mi-
room for personal reflection. That’s why at
“stinking drunkenness” didn’t fit into grant worker as a young man when his family
the end of her coverage of Hillary Clinton’s
Amazon.com’s world of perfectly pleated
khakis and exposed ductwork. Walking into
Design for pleasure 2000 Senate campaign, Harpaz felt that she lost its farm. Chavez later founded the UFW
had “missed the big picture.” and spent his remaining years advocating the
work at Amazon, Daisy said, was like “a In his lecture, “Life, Liberty and the Pur-
Addressing an audience of about 50 in the civil rights of farm workers.
Mountain Dew ad turned into real life.” suit of Happiness: Design that Makes a Dif-
Adamson Wing on Nov. 7, Harpaz explained Soluri also introduced the issue of ethnic
Around his neck, Daisy wore his Amazon ference,” international design and marketing
that “The Boys on the Bus” — journalist diversity at CMU. “We should examine
employee identification badge, which he kept consultant Pat Jordan spoke about the how
Timothy Crouse’s memoir about the 1972 whether Chicanos and Chicanas have access
after Human Resources failed to appear at his good design affects society, noting the role
presidential race campaign — inspired her to to the same education opportunities as the
exit interview. The badge allowed him to that man’s natural pursuit of pleasure plays in
write an “updated” campaign chronicle, “The rest of the population. They are a growing
crash parties at Amazon four months after he successful design.
Girls in the Van: Covering Hillary.” ethnic group in the nation, which begs the
stopped working there. Speaking to about 40 people on Nov. 4 in
“In other political arenas, I would have question – why aren’t there more Chicano
Daisy never aspired to work at the Adamson Wing, Jordan began by saying,
been the only woman,” said Harpaz. But in faculty and students at CMU?”
Amazon.com. He had been temping in Se- “People spend more time in their lives pursu-
the traditionally male-dominated realm of Responses to Soluri’s question varied
attle when he developed a small cavity. Con- ing happiness than doing anything else.”
politics, the Clinton team not only depended widely. Participants pointed out that Penn-
vinced the cavity would mutate into a brain What follows from this principle are a few
upon women to organize, run and win the sylvania and bordering states, from which
infection, Daisy began looking for a job that questions: If we spend all of our time seeking
campaign, but also to report upon it. many CMU students originate, do not boast a
offered dental insurance. He landed in the out happiness, then why not maximize that
As she traveled by van with a group of significant population of Chicano/as. Others
customer service department of Amazon, time by making the time you spend with your
journalists across New York, Harpaz ob- argued that CMU should more closely re-
knowing only that his job was to resolve products just as enjoyable? Why not design
served the unique way Clinton connected semble the ethnic makeup of the nation, since
customer calls as quickly as possible. for practicality and pleasure?
with her female voters. Clinton often visited the university seeks to be a national rather
“Customer service is this nation’s religion Jordan defined pleasure as anything that is
non-partisan organizations “where she was than regional school.
and birthright,” he said. “But I couldn’t keep good for a person, physiologically, socially,
bound to encounter people who didn’t like DENISE CULVER
the hatred out of my voice, which makes me psychologically or ideally. He organized his
lecture around products that please physi- her.” Harpaz would approach five or six
a terrible customer service rep.” FOCUS — in seven issues a year — is a
cally, products that please psychologically, audience members to gauge their opinion on
At a performance review, Daisy learned he publication of the faculty and staff of
socially and ideally. Clinton, and the majority would claim that
ranked 167 of 178 among his co-workers. No Carnegie Mellon University. Many of the
He bases this design philosophy on the they did not like the candidate. Yet after articles in FOCUS express the opinions of
longer able to convince himself that he was
work of several writers, including Lionel delivering a speech on issues like day care, individual members of the Carnegie Mellon
competent at his job, Daisy found other ways
Tiger, author of “The Pursuit of Pleasure” education and health care, Clinton would community; unless so indicated, they should
to improve his performance. To reduce his
(1992). Tiger says man’s pursuit of pleasure have won over the audience. “In person, not be construed as reflecting university
average call resolution time, Daisy said he
is biological, and that evolution programmed she’s very impressive,” said Harpaz. policy. In the spirit of the fairness doctrine,
began hanging up on every third caller after a FOCUS seeks a variety of opinions.
it into activities necessary for survival. Clinton’s emphasis on issues concerning
few seconds. Editor: Jim Davidson
Jordan said he strives to keep Tiger’s phi- female voters ultimately made her an appeal-
Unsatisfied with answering phones, Daisy Managing Editor: Brian Connelly
losophy in mind when designing. Outlining ing candidate.
decided to interview for a promotion with the Reporting and Writing:SonniAbatta,Katie
Tiger’s four basic types of pleasure, Jordan “Hillary won because of women,” said
business development department. While Bailey, Bianca Chang, Denise Culver, Sara
gave examples of products that satisfy these Harpaz, noting that exit polls showed 60 Henneberger, Jeannie Kim, Leah Messina,
Daisy described the interview process, the
needs and therefore become ultimately more percent of all women had voted for Clinton, Sean Mintus, Julia Moran, Meg Papa, Amy
lights dimmed and a voice sounded questions
pleasurable – and useful – to the consumer. with many crossing party lines in rural, con- Pavlak, Aimee Pi, Katherine Robertson-
over the sound system, questions like “De-
Throughout the lecture he repeated the phrase servative areas of the state. Smith, Kai Wu
scribe the feminine side of God using only
“pleasure with products,” something, he said, The campaign did not always lend itself to Photography: Brian Connelly, Ken Andreyo
verbs.” The solution to questions like these? Production: Donna Badger, Laura Miller,
that all designers should strive for. exciting news reports; Clinton repeated her
Just keep talking, Daisy said. Melissa Stoebe
First to be considered, Jordan said, is de- speeches many times, to the point that Harpaz
The philosophy must have worked. Daisy Founding Ed: David Demarest (English)
sign that physiologically satisfies the user. and her fellow reporters were able to recite
got the promotion and began work in busi- FOCUS Management Committee: Ed
Jordan showed a picture of a kettle designed the words. Harpaz faced the challenge of McAfoose (Staff Council); Toby Davis
ness development. There, he was even more
for those who have severe arthritis, a perfect deciding what the voters needed to learn (SDS), chair; Jay Kadane (Statistics); Vic
unclear about what he was meant to do. At the
example of molding purpose and design. about each seemingly tedious day of the Mizel (Mathematics); Dan Nagin (Heinz
most basic level, his function was to decide
Next, addressing the sociology of good campaign. Harpaz described an incident at a School); Teddy Seidenfeld (Philosophy);
what companies would be best for Amazon to
design, Jordan used the example of the cell panel discussion when Clinton mistakenly Susanne Slavick (Art)
enter into partnerships with. Many, like the
phone to illustrate the paradigm shift that referred to a panel member’s “deceased” son
collaboration with Pets.com, fell through,
resulted from phones becoming mass-market during her standard speech on gun control.
because, as Daisy says, “Most individuals,
unlike corporations, are not insane.”
While in business development, Daisy
items rather than signs of economic status.
Jordan talked about the psychological as-
The panel member quickly pointed out that
her son was not only alive, but was sitting in
worked under the fifth employee hired at pect of design, addressing the fact that con- Passed up with a bus pass
sumers like to feel part of something bigger – Harpaz decided to focus her AP report on
Amazon, a vice president worth $300 mil- When I saw ace FOCUS photographer
some group, some cause or some idea. He Clinton’s embarrassing blunder, to the dis-
lion. Daisy found that the man was spending Brian Connelly taking photographs at the
said that a goal of successful design allows a may of the campaign’s public relations team.
six to eight hours a day playing “Dungeons Forbes bus stop for the Oct. story “Riders feel
consumer to feel part of something greater. “In a way, I feel like it’s our job to air all the
and Dragons.” Convinced he had found the bus route cutbacks,” I thought now some
People tend to attach emotion to the prod- dirty laundry, and then let the voters decide
key to success, Daisy approached the man attention will be given to the “pass the CM*
ucts that they buy, Jordan noted. For ex- what to think,” explained Harpaz. “It’s not so
about joining in on the game. students and staff problem.” This has been
ample, consumers of Harley-Davidson mo- much that you put your own opinions aside,
After that, Daisy said he experienced “the going on for 30 years. Bus leaves town, bus
torcycles often associate the emotion of lib- but when you’re writing about the candidate,
best work environment of my life. I didn’t passes 5 hospitals 3 colleges and/or universi-
erty and freedom with the physical product. you must cover both sides.”
know what my department did. I had run out ties and uncountable businesses, bus fills up.
of work to do. And the only person who could Finally, Jordan dealt with the ideology of a SARA HENNEBERGER
If bus lands on CM bus stop “go directly to
give me more work, the VP, wouldn’t talk to successful design. A well-designed product destination, do not stop, do no pick up com-
me anymore.” can allow a person to feel comfortable using Cesar Chavez legacy muters.” (Optional rule driver may at his or
The possibility of stock market riches en- it and can “speak to” the user, allowing her to About 20 members of the Carnegie Mellon her discretion use thumb to give false impres-
ticed Daisy to stay on at Amazon while he feel a greater sense of identity. It’s “a matter community met in the basement of Henderson sion that another bus is imminent.) I appreci-
spent his time playing Tetris and Mine- of getting inside people’s minds,” Jordan Hall on Oct. 15 for a diversity discussion ate very much the university picking up my
sweeper. But eventually he left, against the said. Ideologically conscious design will un- titled “United Farm Workers: A Decade Since bus fare, but I expect a fair shot at getting
feeling of all of his friends and relatives. derstand what the consumer is thinking in Chavez.” The participants, comfortably seated home like everyone else in town or Oakland.
Job offers rolled in and Daisy couldn’t turn order to appeal to them. on lounge furniture and enjoying free food Is there no way at all that a shuttle can run
them down because, he said, it would have “I’m hoping to show the importance of from Mad Mex, included students, faculty from CM to Squirrel Hill? I would pay for
been ridiculous to say, “No. I’m sorry. I can’t design to society and economy, and [also] to and retirees. that service, it’s worth a $2 a ride for me to get
be your VP. I have to sit on this couch and show that quality of life and economic suc- The meeting was part of the university to my second bus on time.
watch ‘Who’s the Boss.’” Daisy accepted 11 cess are not incompatible.” series called Speak Your Mind, in which The guy in the dark glasses in the middle of
jobs before sinking into depression. Jordan’s professional career includes mar- participants meet in an informal roundtable the picture,
With all the money he had accumulated keting and design consulting for companies format to discuss issues of diversity that FRANK A. REYNOLDS
from working at Amazon, Daisy bought two including — but not limited to— Microsoft, affect the campus, the region and the nation.
2 Starbucks, BMW, Mercedes, Fiat and Philips *The university formerly known as CMU.
tickets to Spain, where he and his wife spent
CD-tagging technique allows tracking of cell activity
Using an innovative technique called CD- ited number of genes. A possible application
tagging, an interdisciplinary team of Carnegie of such research would be to isolate a cancer
Mellon molecular, cell and computational cell line, generate CD-tagged cells and then
biologists can alter a mouse cell’s genetic compare the cancerous cells to CD-tagged
information so that its proteins emit a fluores- normal cells. CD-tagging may enable re-
cent green light. The technique, developed at searchers to visualize and perhaps explain
Carnegie Mellon four years ago, allows re- any differences between cancerous and nor-
searchers in the Mellon Institute to easily mal cells, leading to novel therapeutic devel-
recognize cellular proteins and to observe opments.
their movement inside the cell. Their work In order to take on a research project of this
was showcased on the cover of the October magnitude, the lab plans to automate all phases
issue of “Biotechniques,” a peer-reviewed of the CD-tagging process, which will in-
international journal that provides state-of- volve the addition of robotic workstations, as
the-art information about laboratory tech- well as automated microscopes and
niques. luminometers. Such a large-scale CD-tag-
Humans have tens of thousands of pro- ging operation will generate thousands of
teins, each with its own structure, function images in a relatively short amount of time,
and location. Only a handful of these proteins which can be catalogued in a database. The
are understood by scientists. researchers are currently collaborating with
“For some genes we know what the protein the Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center, which
product is and where it’s located in the cell,” is helping them to process and store the vast
explains Peter Berget, associate professor of amounts of data they are generating.
Biological Sciences. “There are many in- CD-tagging technology not only offers the
stances where we know the DNA sequence potential to discover and understand previ-
associated with a particular gene, but we ously unknown proteins, but it also has intrin-
don’t know the protein. CD-tagging technol- sic educational value. Because CD-tagged
ogy, which allows us to trace the flow of cells retain their normal function after the tag
information from DNA to RNA to protein, has been added, these cells are alive, func-
will play its major role in making the connec- tioning and expressing the fluorescent pro-
tion between genomic and proteomic infor- tein. Time lapse photography can capture
mation,” Berget said. A tagged calnexin gene. From “Biotechniques,” with permission Eaton Publishing images of a tagged cellular protein, in effect
During the CD-tagging process, research- producing movies of cells undergoing mito-
ers insert a gene for green fluorescent protein “We do this one gene at a time so only one are working on tagging a sampling of NIH sis and other cellular processes.
(GFP) into the DNA sequence of a mouse protein species in the cell is fluorescent. It’s 3T3 mouse fibroblast genes. Their work is The green glow of CD-tagged cellular pro-
cell. They are able to do this without disrupt- sort of like giving each protein a flashlight supported by a National Institutes of Health teins provides a stunning image of proteins in
ing the normal regulation of the mouse gene. name tag to wave at us while we’re looking grant from the National Cancer Institute the nuclear membrane, the cytoplasm, the
Once the GFP “tag” has been added, the at the cell,” explains Berget. (NCI) that encourages the development and endoplasmic reticulum and the nucleus. These
mouse gene produces its protein, but now the CD-tagging was developed by research- study of innovative technologies for the images can be viewed online at: http://
protein includes the GFP portion that fluo- ers in the lab of Jonathan Jarvik, associate molecular analysis of cancer. cdtag.bio.cmu.edu.
resces. Using fluorescence microscopy, re- professor of Biological Sciences. Currently, The research team has submitted a re- AMY PAVLAK
searchers can locate the particular protein Jarvik, Berget and Robert Murphy, also an newal grant with the NCI so that they can tag
within the cell. associate professor of Biological Sciences, the entire mouse genome instead of a lim-
Attorney takes charge as general counsel for Carnegie Mellon
The new face in Warner Hall is Mary Jo Already, Dively said she has been im- Communications Group. Today, she speaks
Dively, who started work Sept. 2 as vice pressed with the friendliness of her col- and writes frequently about the legal issues
president and general counsel for the leagues at CMU, and the excitement with affecting e-commerce nationwide.
university’s legal affairs. Dively is the first which they approach their work. “In some She said, “It seems to me that Carnegie
to fill the position in more than a decade. ways, I think that my heart is in the work — Mellon has the potential to play a key role
Prior to Dively’s arrival, Carnegie and I feel that my brain is exploding from all and add our voice to the national debate —
Mellon’s legal needs were served by an the groundbreaking things that we do here.” and the time is absolutely right for us to be
outside law firm, DeForest Koscelnik & Dively has an interest in electronic com- involved.”
Yokitis. Dively sees her position as long merce. A graduate of Vanderbilt Law School Outside of CMU, Dively is a member of
overdue, particularly because the who spent 19 years in private practice, she the American Law Institute, co-chairs the
university’s peer institutions have internal has represented technology and Internet Information Transactions Committee of the
general counsel. companies, as well as traditional companies American Bar Association and is a former
Dively said, “I think it’s different to have adapting to the effects of e-commerce. She director of the Pittsburgh Technology Coun-
somebody on the inside whose concerns participated in the drafting of two corner- cil. Currently, she is chair of the Board of
involve only the university — especially stone laws in the field: the Uniform Elec- Trustees of the Children’s Hospital of Pitts-
with the volume of research and govern- tronic Transactions Act, and the Uniform burgh, and is a member of the Board of
Mary Jo Dively Trustees of the UPMC Health System.
ment requirements that we need to meet Computer Information Transactions Act.
here.” friendly” and able to serve the legal needs of As a partner at Reed Smith Shaw McClay, Dively lives in Fox Chapel with her hus-
Divel said her main goal is to create a the university while protecting its assets and a Pittsburgh-based national law firm, she band, Lane, and their 7-year-old triplet sons.
general counsel’s office that is “user- endowment. served as head of its Technology, Media and AIMEE PI
Grads clarifying career choices with two years of volunteer service
Even after switching her major from voice America this year,” said Renee Starek, ca- predicts what type of student will join ser- her time in Africa will help her find employ-
to mechanical engineering, Ellie Moore still reer consultant in the Mellon College of vice organizations,” agreed Starek. “It is ment in a variety of fields once she returns.
didn’t know what she wanted to do after Science, estimating that recent graduation rooted more in their individual interests and Service in Teach For America helped
graduation. “Nothing looked right,” said classes have contributed one to three MCS philosophies.” Becca Albrecht to clarify her career choice.
Moore, a fifth-year senior. “I didn’t find graduates to national service groups. “Stu- The participation of Carnegie Institute of After graduating with a BHA in architecture
anything that just said, ‘A-ha!’” dents are much more open to exploring all Technology students in national volunteer and human behavior studies in 1996,
Then a friend suggested that she look into the options available upon graduation.” programs remains low, said Lisa Dickter, Albrecht spent two years teaching a fifth-
the Peace Corps as a post-graduate plan. Harriet Schwartz, career consultant in the career consultant for the college. Only two grade class at a bilingual elementary school
Moore was impressed with the program and College of Fine Arts, said there is a steady CIT students have joined the Peace Corps in Houston, Texas.
began the arduous application process in interest in volunteer organizations. CFA and AmeriCorps in the past four years. “There were certainly tough days when I
August. After several lengthy interviews, students have shown a particular interest in The difference in volunteer rates between would drive home in tears trying to figure
detailed medical examinations and legal Teach For America, a program where gradu- students with technical versus liberal arts out what I could have done differently to
background checks, Moore received a nomi- ates teach in poor schools for two years. degrees reflects a larger trend, said Moore, relate to this student or teach this lesson,”
nation to serve as an agricultural advisor in “It seems that each year, a small number who feels that her background in engineer- said Albrecht. “I gained a great deal of
Sub-Sahara Africa. of CFA students realize they have an inter- ing made her an unusual and appealing insight about myself, including a better un-
Although the country has yet to be deter- est in teaching,” said Schwartz. “It’s a ter- candidate for the Peace Corps. derstanding of my patience levels and cre-
mined, Moore will travel to Africa after her rific opportunity for them to try out the field “They don’t get a lot of technical majors,” ativity, and my ability to stick with some-
December graduation for three months of and get certified in the process.” she said. Moore believes that the high-pay- thing, even when it’s challenging.”
intensive language and culture training fol- Humanities and Social Sciences yields ing, competitive nature of technical jobs Albrecht now works as the coordinator of
lowed by two years of service. Her duties the highest number of volunteers, with an often dissuades graduates from sacrificing student development at Carnegie Mellon.
will include working with at least one other average of five students joining service one or two years to volunteerism. “If you She hopes to return to teaching and is inter-
Peace Corps volunteer to build an aqueduct groups upon graduation each year. step out of the [job field], you may have ested in public education administration.
for a farming village. “The service organizations seem to be an trouble stepping back in.” Teach for America “has had a significant
Among Carnegie Mellon students, Moore overall better fit for the group of students in Moore said that the professional risks are impact on my professional and personal
is not alone in her desire to spend time in a the college of H&SS,” said Courtney Little, worth the benefits. “I want to learn another path,” Albrecht said. “I am absolutely con-
volunteer organization before joining the career consultant for the college. “How- language, experience another country and fident that I am committed to the field of
work force. ever, I believe that this is more of an indi- gain another perspective.” Noting that the education.”
“There has been an increased interest in vidual preference.” Peace Corps “looks good on a resume,” SARA HENNEBERGER
the Peace Corps, AmeriCorps and Teach for “I don’t believe that college and major Moore hopes the skills she will gain during 3
Heinz School project encourages Internet democracy
The explosion of the Internet and the web used in society. Several other groups have designed and
in the last 10 years has been responsible for Deliberative democracy, which conducted controlled on-line forums, such
spreading all types of things, from news and Muhlberger defines as “an attempt to get One of Muhlberger’s as e-thePeople.org, weblab.org and
games to fan clubs to pornography. A group people to learn about and discuss political most surprising unchat.com.
of Carnegie Mellon researchers is examin- issues,” is not a new concept; promoting it findings was that The unchat.com website was designed
ing its potential to spread something radi- on the Internet is. One way this is being done educated homeowners with the viewpoint that useful deliberation
cally different: democracy. within InSITeS is the Community Connec- is “structured speech,” not free speech.
Led by professors Peter Shane and Peter tions project. The main goals of Community participated less in Discussion is moderated, but the moderator
Muhlberger of the Heinz School, research- Connections are to encourage interdiscipli- online discussion than participates in the discussion, and all par-
ers are systematically examining the con- nary dialogue on the impact of IT on society, was thought. ticipants periodically elect a new modera-
cept of “deliberative democracy”: What it to develop frameworks for constructive civic tor. Unchat mimics informal aspects of face-
means, who participates in it and how to use debate and to educate policy makers and to-face discussion, such as the ability to
the Internet to systematically foster it. citizens about important issues. “whisper” a comment to a single person in
Shane, a constitutional lawyer and former This project has five main objectives: 1) board. Shane describes the site as “local the forum, or “shout” comments that bypass
dean of Pitt’s law school, has long held an to understand how and when people engage focus, national prototype.” the moderator and interrupt the discussion.
interest in fostering citizen participation in in political discussion; 2) to create a website Carnegie Mellon hosted a landmark con- The number of shouts is limited, however,
government. While at Pitt, he saw the Internet to foster online discussion (www.cmu.edu/ ference on Electronic Democracy on Sept. and using them may negatively affect a
as having the potential to increase participa- cc); 3) to get people to use the website; 4) to 20 and 21. The conference, conceived and person’s chances to be elected moderator.
tion, but any meaningful study of the subject study how people use the website; and 5) to organized by Shane, brought in speakers The benefits of the conference were far-
would need to proceed from expertise in distribute tools and software. from different disciplines, including politi- reaching. “The people who participated now
instructional technology and social science Some of the work is taking place in classes cal science, law and communications, to consider themselves a network on this type
as well as law. These needs led him to at the university (see sidebar). The Commu- discuss the effects of the Internet on public of information,” says Shane. They are work-
Carnegie Mellon and the Heinz School, nity Connections website includes discus- participation in civic discourse. ing together to establish research priorities
where in April 2001 he founded InSITeS, sion boards, an online library, a search en- The conference explored a range of theo- and links between academia and organiza-
the Institute for the Study of Information gine and a database for Allegheny County retical and practical topics, including who tions that will implement these activities in
Technology and Society, to provide a base residents to find their elected representa- uses the Internet, what online democracy the “real world.” One pleasant surprise, he
for examining how technology can be and is tives, from the President to the local school really means and how organizations have said, was that “the general objectives of
increased public participation in civic is- academics and practitioners are basically
sues. Presenters came from academia, in- identical.”
dustry and government, and from as far The conference was just the beginning.
Designing an electronic democracy away as Israel and the Netherlands. A total Last month, the National Science Founda-
This semester, students in On-Line Information Design are addressing of 91 people from 38 organizations attended. tion (NSF) awarded a three-year, $2.1 mil-
questions regarding the design of a website for the Heinz School project on Muhlberger presented the results of the lion grant to researchers at Carnegie Mellon
online democracy. Typically, students in the graduate and undergraduate Community Connections study he conducted to develop tools and software to help citi-
sections of English 76-487 and English 76-887 find a project where they define in Pittsburgh. By comparing the online ver- zens use the Internet to become informed
the users of the site they are designing. For the Heinz School project, “by sus face-to-face political discussion habits participants in community issues. They want
definition, users are just about anyone,” says Steve Kuhn, instructor in English of 524 Pittsburgh residents, he found that to develop a model that can be exported to
and teacher of the undergraduate section of the class. online political discussion made up almost other communities and organizations. The
Students in the courses break into groups to address different questions of 10 percent of all political discussion, a “small primary investigators are Shane, Muhlberger
design: What should the online and printed material look like? How do you but not negligible amount.” and Robert Cavalier, senior lecturer in the
set up moderated discussion, from the viewpoint of the moderator and the One issue which Muhlberger and others Philosophy department.
participant? How do you design the survey form? How do you present the are looking at is the “digital divide,” the The grant money will be used to develop
results of a deliberation to journalists and policymakers? possibility that access/lack of access to com- and test software to support a virtual meet-
For example, students in the graduate section of the course taught by puter technology will widen the gaps be- ing place. There are two main areas of
Christine Neuwirth, professor of English and HCII, approximated an audio- tween the haves and the have-nots. research. Shane explains that the first in-
only online discussion by placing paper bags over part of the subjects’ heads, One of Muhlberger’s most surprising find- volves questions of design, including: Do
restricting their vision and reducing the amount of non-verbal clues each saw. ings was that educated homeowners, who you moderate discussion? If so, how? What
One group in Kuhn’s section observed how people read online news stories, would normally be counted among the haves, format is best to foster interaction – text/
using a process called “think-aloud”: the people under observation are encour- participated less in online discussion than audio/other? How do you handle identify-
aged to vocalize their thoughts as they read a 600-word news article from was thought. While the reasons for this lack ing people, and ensuring they are who they
either the USA Today or MSNBC websites. of participation were not evident from the say they are? Design questions for an inter-
The group chose six people: two each who described themselves as study, the implications are disturbing. While active website are “as complicated as the
uninterested, somewhat interested and very interested in news issues. All six researchers want to develop systems that architecture for a skyscraper.”
people lost interest after reading only a few paragraphs, claiming they were will mitigate the effect of the digital divide, The second area of research revolves
bored. This disconcerting finding raises questions on how information about they want to do it by increasing the partici- around social science issues. Does on-line
issues can be distributed to people in an engaging way. pation of the underrepresented, not decreas- deliberation happen? Under what condi-
Another surprising finding was that people were more comfortable reading ing the participation of others. tions? How does it compare, in quality and
news stories written by people whose names they recognized and trusted. The conference presentations were not quantity, to face-to-face discussions? The
Since the majority of news writers, scientists and other information providers limited to research studies or theoretical best-designed online forum will be a failure
are not public personalities, this finding raises questions about how to get analyses. Several organizations maintain if no one bothers to use it.
people to trust information given to them. online forums, and their descriptions of the Shane sees online forums possibly trans-
Neuwirth’s class also found that more interactivity doesn’t always mean forums were intriguing. forming civic interaction. Online hearings
quality deliberation. They approximated online deliberation with text only, The League of Women Voters’ website is could replace public hearings, which tradi-
audio-only, audio with still images and video. She said the studies showed that probably the best-known example. Its vi- tionally are poorly attended.
“if a video was being projected, [participants] were very self-conscious” and sion is to be the one-stop location where He says he could “imagine a world in
did not participate as much as with the other types of interaction. citizens post questions and candidates at all which a governmental body sets up an online
The nearly 30 people in the two sections of On-Line Information Design are levels respond to those questions and to citizens jury” to discuss a public issue. He
students majoring in information systems, design, human-computer interac- each other. While the website has not yet even dares to hope, as far as the level of
tion and English. fully realized that goal, it remains one of the citizen involvement, that the online could be
MEG PAPA best sources for citizens seeking informa- better than the real world.
tion about issues and candidates. MEG PAPA
A year later, student visas hitting snags in wake of Sept. 11 attacks
continued from page one Yemen, and the territories of Gaza and the students know as soon as possible about ongoing issue.”
Lisa Krieg, the director of the Office of West Bank their admission. We are trying to raise con- So if a student is denied a visa, is it the end
International Education (OIE), offered an Choe doesn’t blame the U.S. Embassy or sciousness and awareness so that students of studying in the U.S.?
explanation for the delay: “In the post 9-11 any other parties for the delay in processing can make timely decisions.” Not necessarily, Krieg explained.
environment, males between the age of 16 his visa, but he said, “Sufficient consider- During the current school year, interna- “In the case of visa denials, we work with
to 45 from certain countries are targeted for ation must be given to innocent interna- tional students are 11 percent of the under- the academic departments, the students and
security check. Until the check is complete, tional students.” graduate population and 44 percent of gradu- the U.S. consulate, if necessary, to counsel
the students’ visa application will not be Since then, the Malaysian scholars have ate students, including master’s and doc- the student to overcome the objection which
approved.” received their visas in mid October, when toral candidates. was presented by the U.S. consular officer.
Shortly after the Sept. 11 event, the Bush their security check was finally completed. The impact on international students has The U.S. consular officer is responsible for
administration tightened its policies on ad- Krieg says, however, that only five students varied greatly from country to country and the final determination, and sometimes will
mitting foreign students from certain coun- have confirmed their intentions to study at person to person. not be swayed by outside comment. Stu-
tries. The U.S. Chamber of Commerce’s Carnegie Mellon next semester, with one Yuranan Hanlumyuang, a freshman from dents should always be told the reason for
website has a list of 26 countries that are exchange student declining admission be- Thailand, received his visa without any dif- the denial and may apply again, sometimes
expected to be under tight security under the cause of a problem with the sequencing of ficulties. “I didn’t have any trouble applying after a designed waiting period.”
U.S. government. The countries on that list his course work. Her office was unable to for the visa. I got it within a week,” said the The process of getting a visa to study
are Afghanistan, Algeria, Bahrain, reach the remaining two students. materials science major. abroad can be a difficult, especially after the
Bangladesh, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Indo- Krieg believes the security check will The situation also holds true for most Sept. 11 event. With stricter regulations and
nesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, continue to be an issue next year. As a Chinese students, Krieg said. “We did not tighter securities, it is best that students
Libya, Malaysia, Morocco, Oman, Paki- response to possible future delays, Krieg see any particular rise in the numbers of work closely with their advisors to success-
stan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, said the OIE is “encouraging departments denials of Chinese students. Visa denials in fully secure their visas in a timely manner.
4 Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, and talking with admission about letting China for both students and scholars are an KAI WU
Ethics course goes global, linking with Monterrey
One course, two countries and as many as in medicine, engineering, government, law,
100 students hooked up via a live video feed accounting and business. The students ex-
— that’s the new global dimension of Ethi- plore the issues through computer-mediated
cal Judgment in Professional Life. discussions. An example of a module is a
“I think that it is still unique,” says Peter videotaped interview of Roger Boisjoly, the
Madsen, senior lecturer in Philosophy, who Space Shuttle Challenger whistleblower.
knows of no other applied ethics courses After studying the modules, students write
with a classroom like his. When Madsen two essays in each of the first three quarters
began teaching the course in 1992, he had no on the various modules.
idea that many of his students would be In addition, the students complete guided
someday sitting at a university in Mexico. inquiries. “A guided inquiry is a set of
Ethical Judgment in Professional Life — interactive, web-based explorations and ex-
one of several courses with a global dimen- ercises dealing with and devoted to a par-
sion that will be featured in upcoming issues ticular topic,” Madsen explains. “Users are
of FOCUS — is designed to expose students provided a path —sometimes the path has
both to classroom learning and a multime- signposts, sometimes it does not — through
dia or cyberspace environment. the World Wide Web that takes them on an
In 1999, Carnegie Mellon proposed using Peter Madsen and the logo of the Virtual University Photo: Brian Connelly educational journey composed of intellec-
the course in a pilot program with students about cultural relativism, the idea that what After Sept. 11, the course took on a new tual challenges and provocative reflections.”
at the El Tec de Monterrey in Mexico, is considered right and wrong is dependent significance. Madsen recalled a class in Namey says, “The beauty of the course is
formerly known as ITESM. The Tec de upon the given culture. One way that cul- which the Mexican students “expressed their that these CMU and Mexican students are
Monterrey is one of the premier universities tural relativism is addressed is by compar- very heartfelt sorrow” about what had oc- learning from each other. The intercultural
in Mexico and has several campuses, in- ing the two world views of radical Islam and curred in New York. “The course sets up a communication helped us to see how pro-
cluding the Virtual University where roughly capitalism. The course also promotes dis- world dialogue that allows for self-knowl- fessional decisions may change depending
100 courses are beamed to universities cussions on topics such as the Enron debacle edge, which you might not have been able to on time, place and cultural context.”
throughout Latin America. and the maquiladoras that operate on the get 10 to 15 years ago,” Madsen said. The workload is heavy, but students here
Since 1999 the program has been using U.S.-Mexican border. Madsen said the course was designed to and in Monterrey are able to use Blackboard
live video conferencing that allows students Brian Namey, a senior majoring in ethics, expose students to the ethics and values of to work from their computers at home. There
from CMU and Tec de Monterrey to see one history, and public policy major said,“The other cultures, “the real global world that is a long waiting list for the course in
another via images streamed through a stan- multimedia course gave us students the op- we’re all citizens of.” Monterrey, even though English fluency is
dard data projection. The course this fall had portunity to examine our ethical beliefs in The semester course is divided into four required.
25 Tec de Monterrey students and 75 CMU an international context. It afforded us the quarters and 14 modules, and the students Asked about expanding the program,
students in three sections. chance to learn varying beliefs from those meet inside and outside of this virtual class- Madsen replied, “It is my hope to introduce
Throughout the course, Madsen who practice them. It encourages us to think room. The fourth quarter is solely devoted other countries into this course as well, not
explained, students explore topics from beyond what is immediately around us and to completion of a final project. just Mexico. I would like to try and get the
cultural values to terrorism. Within the dis- to make professional decisions mindful of The modules contain video, text and au- four corners of the world.”
cussion of cultural values, the class learns those far from us.” diotape information about ethical questions BIANCA CHANG
Equity rules in athletics as women’s participation grows
continued from page one commodation, uniforms and equipment for achievement gives students an advantage in place at CMU at the time of recruitment. He
team in 1992. The latter team instantly added both home and away games. In 2000-01 the the job market because employees often said his application was processed at the
30 women to the athlete pool. game-day operating expenses totaled view athletic achievement as an indication same time as the others.
The coaching staff has also grown to meet $532,505, of which the women’s teams con- of leadership skills and team spirit. She Amanda Lowman, assistant director for
the needs of the women’s teams. Seven of tributed 40.3 percent. Finally, renovation drew my attention to a recent article on the Admissions, said the office makes the final
the Athletics department’s 11 full-time plans for Skibo Gymnasium include a new Women’s Sports Foundation website, that decision about admitting a student, taking
coaches are involved with women’s sports. women’s locker room on the first floor. described 80 percent of the female execu- into account their athletic abilities as a “non-
Maser said it has been easy for her to Recruiting costs in 2000-01 totaled tives at Fortune 500 companies as having academic activity” that does not give them
implement these changes, and she has never $56,484. The department downplays recruit- participated in sports as young women, an advantage over other applicants of simi-
had to fight for anything she wanted. ing, saying it recruits only to meet the cur- (www.womenssportsfoundation.org). lar caliber. She said places are not reserved
Heather Kendra, head women’s soccer rent needs of the teams. About 30 percent of Kendra said a good athletics program for athletes in general. Even though CMU
coach, also feels that CMU has a serious the 2000-01 recruiting costs went toward enhances life for non-athletes as well, be- pays special attention to women and minor-
commitment to supporting women athletes. recruitment of women. cause it instills a feeling of community and ity applicants, she said, places are not re-
She said she has never heard any soccer Asked about the impact of athletics on helps to establish bonds between students. served for women or minority athletes.
player express concerns about inequity. academic life, Harvey pointed out that var- There are no minimum test scores or CMU’s support for its women athletes is
As budget holder for the department, sity athletes actually receive higher grades grade requirements for admission to CMU. paying off on the playing field. The women’s
Maser ensures that the women are given than non-athletes. The average GPA for Non-academic activities are taken into ac- soccer team finished 11-5-2 as an ECAC
adequate funding for travel and equipment. varsity athletes last year was 3.21, while the count along with SAT I or ACT and SAT II Mid-Atlantic semifinalist. The women’s vol-
The total budget for the Athletics depart- CMU average was 3.1. Saying the athletes’ scores. Athletes recruited by the university leyball team went to the NCAA playoffs last
ment last year was $2.4 million, a large GPA scores have been consistently high for must meet the same academic requirements year, as did a woman diver, and the women’s
proportion of which was spent on the sala- the last 10 years, Harvey explained that as the non-athletic admissions, according to basketball team was ECAC South region
ries of the department’s 29 staff. athletes develop time-management skills both Maser and Kendra. champion three years ago.
Since joining the UAA, the university has because of their busy schedules, and that Mike Palmer, kicker for the Tartans foot- KATHERINE ROBERTSON-SMITH
incurred a large increase in game-day oper- their coaches encourage them to study. ball team said he was recruited by coach
ating expenses, including food, travel, ac- Maser also pointed out that athletic Rich Lackner, but was not guaranteed a
Linux operating system: now running at a cluster near you
continued from page one Ranked the nation’s “most wired” uni- rather than on a desktop computer. While TeraGrid. This project, which is to be the
percent of its 4,500 computers. With only versity by “Yahoo! Internet Life” for two more than 98 percent of Internet surfers nation’s fastest and most powerful comput-
1,475 people in the department, there is one consecutive years, Carnegie Mellon is not worldwide running either a Windows or ing grid, aims at enabling scalable, open
Unix machine per person — and the com- one to fall behind trends in technology. Macintosh OS, Linux users account for less source, commodity computing to address
puter-to-human ratio is nearly 3:1. Addi- CMU is currently one of only 20 colleges than one-quarter of 1 percent. One in four real-world problems. In addition to TeraGrid,
tional Linux clusters are housed in the Pitts- and universities in the nation to offer Linux new server computers, however, is currently PSC will use the new Linux cluster for their
burgh Supercomputing Center (PSC) in support, in this case for the Redhat 7.1 a Linux box. high-performance computing needs.
Mellon Institute, which recently received a running on Linux machines in the clusters. In education, many school districts use Linux dominates in high performance
$45 million grant for terascale computing. The support is offered through the CS Help Linux as a backend to support the Web, e- clusters, where 50 percent of the machines
PSC is a joint effort of Carnegie Mellon desk, an entirely separate entity from Com- mail, file servers and firewalls. Because the are Linux boxes. One example is at the
University, the University of Pittsburgh puting Service’s help center, which sup- source code is available to the public (open University at Buffalo, where Dell is cur-
and Westinghouse Electric Co. ports Windows and Macintosh. source), the OS proves to be a cost-effective rently building a Linux cluster with more
Knowledge of Linux is a marketable skill, Linux is the brainchild of Linus Torvalds, alternative to the heavy licensing fees that than 2,000 machines that will be used for
as 29 percent of U.S. companies are now a Finnish programmer who worked on the accompany Microsoft products. Addition- human genome research.
running Linux servers. CMU’s emphasis on OS for three years before releasing version ally, the source code is accessible and modi- Although Linux is gaining ground as an
the OS appears to be giving students an 1.0 in 1994. Torvalds began the project as a fiable, making it easy for schools to custom- operating system, it is by no means taking
advantage over the competition. Last spring, hobby modeled after the proprietary Unix, ize Linux to meet their individual needs. over the Unix world; rather, it is supple-
for example, Mike Schellhase, a computer never imagining that Linux would be used This is also true throughout academia, where menting the proprietary Unix OS. Solaris, a
science and ECE major, was one of 25 as widely as it is today. Aside from Torvalds, scientific applications are being run on Unix Unix OS, can only be run on Sun
national winners in IBM’s Linux Scholar the OS is the product of programmers or a Unix clone such as Linux. Microsystems machines, and can be quite
Challenge, for which he designed an appli- motivated by passion — not money — to Worldwide computing company Hewlett- costly, limiting its use. Linux, on the other
cation to improve software testing. improve the system. Linux is arguably the Packard (HP) recently announced an addi- hand, can be run on any PC.
“This was a great contest to participate most widely used open source operating tional HP Itanium2/Linux cluster to be built Some people believe that the best things
in,” Schellhase said. “I was thrilled to offer system. Not only is the source code avail- for the PSC computing environment. On in life are free. Linux may not necessarily be
my input as an experienced programmer able for modification, but redistribution of Nov. 12, HP and PSC formed a strategic the best, but it’s certainly establishing itself
since Linux is a large component of our the software is free. alliance to demonstrate the potential of the as a respected, reliable operating system.
school’s technology.” In general, Linux operates as a server OS, National Science Foundation’s extensible AIMEE PI 5
Looking for a few good friends in the workplace
When you consider that most people spend Everyone’s busy. Well, sometimes we chat, set into motion. Although one of us has
more that one-third of their daily lives on the but overall we say “Who has time for this?” moved on to another department, we are still
job, we probably should make more of an The answer is simple. We are bound by friends. We go out together and chat on the
effort to enjoy it. Right? Well, we have time and energy. We are here to work, and phone at night while watching television.
found that having a few good friends, or we put our energy into that, but how do we Anytime there is a university-wide event,
even one friend, can really make the differ- recharge? Sometimes a little on-the-job re- we go together, or meet each other there.
ence in the day. charging — a joke, a personal story — will Sometimes we even participate in events
So often we come into work with home do us a world of good together or exercise together at lunch time,
problems, lack of sleep or everyday dilem- We believe that the energy of friendship just for the change of pace to the workday or
mas. We then begin to tackle the problems at is expressed in rhythm. It’s the music of the if either of us has something on our minds
the office. Sometimes we just need to be school kids who were queried on the subject heart and soul. So, how did we connect, we might need to bounce off the other. We
reassured that someone cares, and it’s been of friendship. Thy said that to be a friend or Jackie to Coni and Coni to Jackie? take turns buying lunch, driving places or
proven that TLC is good for what ails us. make a friend you should: We recall the first day that we met. There just calling or e-mailing to check in – but we
Human communication soothes the soul, • Keep secrets was an immediate connection. We shared a don’t keep track of whose turn it is.
and psychology has proven that we need • Listen when your friend is talking common bond, and some sort of rhythm that There are times when people connect and
reach-out contact that is vital to emotional • Try to keep your all promises we still share today. We both started on there are times when they do not. Try not to
well-being. • Recognize that sharing is a magical tool campus in the same office, the exact same let that discourage you. So don’t stop reach-
So, how do you make friends at work? and share goodies, jokes and all the parts of week. We were both open to the possibility ing out. It can actually be good for produc-
What do you look for in a friendship? Either your life that matter most to you that we could become friends. tivity. Anyway, it might just be something
question could be answered by “golden • Always tell your friend the truth Perhaps the reality of friendship begins to think about!
rules” from a survey conducted with grade How do we find a friend at work? with the thought, then, that rhythms can be JACKIE JENKINS & CONI KOEPFINGER
PLO lawyer: think Buttu said part of her hope for the future
was dependent on Americans. “Press your
Gay Cuban writer
like a Palestinian government to stop funding Israel’s war
crimes.” She asked the audience to sign on
If the Israel versus Palestine dispute ever to a divestment campaign, reminiscent of Cuban writer Christian de la Huerta kicked
reaches a courtroom, Diana Buttu could be the campaign for universities and other in- off the International Festival lecture series
counsel for the Palestinian side. Born in stitutions not to invest in companies doing on Oct. 10 in McConomy Auditorium, ad-
Toronto to Palestinian immigrants, she has business in apartheid-era South Africa. dressing an audience of about 60 students,
two law degrees from Stanford and one Buttu offered one eye-catching alterna- professors and community members in a
from Queen’s University in Ontario, all at tive to negotiations to create a Palestinian comfortable, inviting voice. De la Huerta
only 31. Buttu has worked as an adviser to Daniel Pipes after the talk wrote “Coming Out Spiritually: The Next
state. “Israeli colonization is increasing to
the Palestine Liberation Organization since the point where Palestine is not a viable tained that “there is no enemy in this de- Step,” which was rated by Publishers Weekly
the fall of 2000, living in the West Bank city state.” It might by time, she said, to seek scription — it’s like FDR declared war on as one of the 10 best religious books in 1999,
of Ramallah. She is on a speaking tour in the equal citizenship within Israel rather than surprise attacks in 1941.” Similarly, ending and was also nominated for a Lambda Award.
United States urging Americans to oppose equal statehood. After the talk, she allowed the terrorism, Pipes said, is not a war goal. De la Huerta was born in Cuba in 1959,
U.S. support of Israel and elaborating Pales- that this idea does not have much support “Vagueness is dangerous,” Pipes said, just after the communist revolution. His
tinian fears of ethnic cleansing carried out among Palestinians. and he is anything but vague. “The strategic, parents were “spiritual revolutionists,” al-
by Israel under the cover of a U.S. war During the question and answer session long-term enemy of the United States is ways taking the family to church every
against Iraq. She spoke Nov. 13 to a near- after the talk, a man in the beard, skullcap militant Islam.” week despite the dangers of getting arrested.
capacity crowd of about 300 in Doherty Hall and robe of a religious Muslim offered an- Pipes’ central idea is that militant Islam is De la Huerta remembers from a very young
2210 as part of the Carnegie Mellon Activi- other alternative. After pointing out that the not a religious concept, but a modern ideol- age wanting to be a priest, but also realizing
ties Board political speakers series. PLO is “hand-in-hand” with Israel, he said, ogy of radical utopian change on a par with that he was attracted to men. This was al-
Buttu appears often on television and “No need for a solution. Let our people die fascism and communism. According to ways a major conflict for him because he
with her mid-North American neutral pro- with pride without negotiations.” Pipes, an active minority, no more than10 to knew eventually that a choice would have to
fessional accent and lawyerly presentation, 15 percent of Muslims, supports militant be made. He made that choice in college
she is clearly ready for prime time. At Islam, but that minority has an outsized when he kissed his first love. Being gay, he
realized, could not be wrong or sinful, as
Doherty, she addressed the crowd as she
would a sympathetic jury. “I’m going to
Pipes: militant Islam influence. “It is an attempt to recreate the
society that existed at the time of he had been taught for so many years. “It
empower you a bit. At the end of this talk,
you will have a sense of thinking like the
is U.S. enemy in war Muhammad, that turns a personal faith into
a militant ideology.”
changed my life forever.”
He emigrated to the U.S. and in his 30s
Palestinians think.” No demonstrations greeted conservative Militant Islam, Pipes said, is a response to was living the “high life” in Miami. He had
What the Palestinians think, Buttu said, anti-terrorism pundit Daniel Pipes Nov. 4 at modern needs and pressures. Supporters do all of the material objects anyone could ever
was that the peace process that began with the Carnegie Library Lecture Hall for a talk not see Islam as a competing religion with want, but one day he asked himself what the
the 1993 Oslo accords is a sham. “It is not titled “Militant Islam and the War on Ter- Christianity or Judaism — they see it as a point of it all was. He felt vacant, unfulfilled
about peace between equals. It is about ror.” Apart from a flier denouncing Pipes competing ideology with Western democ- and needed to reconnect spiritually.
getting rid of as many Palestinians as pos- and a few ranting questions, the audience of racy and capitalism. This led him to organize Q-Spirit, a queer
sible while holding on to as much of our land around 300 was positively sedate, thanks in Pointing to the educated backgrounds of organization “catalyzing the necessary con-
as possible.” part to the no-nonsense moderating of Judy the Sept. 11 hijackers, Pipes said that mili- ditions for queer people to fully claim their
Before Oslo, Buttu said, Palestinian people Palkovitz of the Pittsburgh United Jewish tant Islam is not linked to poverty. He also spiritual roles of service, leadership and
and goods had freedom of movement in the Federation, who sponsored the talk. said it is not linked to American foreign community enrichment in the world.” Origi-
West Bank and Gaza. Now Israeli check- Head of the Middle East Forum, a Phila- policies, which he described as only irri- nally founded as Berdache, a spirituality
points surround the defined areas controlled delphia-based think tank, Pipes was a rela- tants. “Imagine that the United States group for gay men, Q-Spirit has evolved to
by the Palestinian Authority (which Buttu tively obscure figure before Sept. 11. Now changed the policies,” Pipes said. “Militant include gays, lesbians, transsexuals and
described as “Bantustans” or “Native Ameri- his resume of television appearances is too Islam would not go away.” transgendered persons (GLBTs). Berdache
can reservations”). long to count. He writes a column in the Pipes laid out a series of actions fueled by is a name given by European explorers for
Throughout the seven years after the sign- New York Post and is published regularly in militant Islam, beginning with the Iranian Native American males who displayed femi-
ing of Oslo, Buttu said, “Israel continued to conservative magazines. seizure of the American embassy in 1979 nine qualities, who are valued as a sacred
colonize the area.” The population of Israeli Pipes began by talking about the flier that “began the hammering away at the trust and sent to the shaman to study the
settlers doubled to 400,000, Buttu said, feed- that was handed out at the door, “Warning to United States.” Pipes counted 800 deaths in traditional work of both sexes.
ing into the Palestinians’ worst fears. the Academic Community: A New ‘a steady drumbeat of murders” before Sept. In attempting to find their place in the
Buttu was contemptuous of the “so-called McCarthyism.” The flier denounced Pipes’ 11, including the 1983 bombing of the world, GLBTs have all too often “thrown
generous offer” in 2000 by then-Israeli Prime recent project “Campus Watch,” a website Marine barracks in Lebanon and the 1993 out the baby with the bath water,” de la
Minister Ehud Barak at the Camp David criticizing many academics in Middle East bombing of the world Trade Center. Huerta said. Because of the rejection they
talks hosted by a lame-duck President studies as being apologists for militant Islam “All of these attacks were seen as crime, have received from the spiritual commu-
Clinton. “We would have been entirely sur- and anti-American views. The academics not as war,” he said. While individuals were nity, they often reject religion; this not only
rounded and controlled by Israel,” Buttu named in Campus Watch include well- prosecuted, “No attempt was made to de- leaves them with a longing for something
said, with Israel in charge of Palestinian life known activists such as Edward Said of stroy the organizations that sent them out.” more, but deprives the spiritual community
from water resources to mobile phones, Columbia University, along with often-cited Having identified the enemy, Pipes of- of their spiritual gifts.
with no right of refugees to return to homes “mainstream” authorities like John Esposito fered his version of United States war goals: Q-Spirit hopes to reclaim the age-old role
in Israel. “When we reached the issue of of Georgetown. to defeat Militant Islam and strengthen mod- of GLBTs as teachers, healers, shamans and
refugees, Israel walked out of the room.” Criticism is not the same as McCarthyism, erate Islam. This war is analogous to World visionaries. This national organization now
Buttu described life in Ramallah, where Pipes maintained. “We’re not shutting any- War II or the Cold War, Pipes said: “We sponsors a monthly e-newsletter, Techno-
an Israeli curfew is enforced by U.S sup- one down. We’re just expressing ourselves. destroyed the appeal of fascism. In the Cold Rituals, informal discussion groups, a three-
plied tanks, F-16 fighters and Apache heli- We believe that by criticizing Middle East War, we were confronting the ideology be- day Coming Out Spiritually retreat and other
copters. “If you open the door, you risk the studies, we can improve it.” hind the Soviet Union.” spiritual activities. For information on Q-
death penalty,” Buttu said, citing an Israeli Pipes said that the war on terror is off- Moderate Islam is not strong now, Pipes Spirit, go to www.Q-SPIRIT.org
human rights group’s finding that 80 per- track, because the United States has not said, and the United States must do the “It doesn’t matter what’s in between our
cent of curfew victims are children. “Noth- answered two fundamental questions: “Who fighting. He offered the analogy of Ger- legs or how we use it.” de la Huerta shrugged.
ing in Canadian or U.S. experience prepares is the enemy? And what are the goals of the many in the middle of World War II: “The “It’s inconsequential.”
you for an F-16. Nothing prepares you for Unites States?” good Germans were weak. We defeated the JULIA MORAN
the visual of a mother scrabbling through President Bush has described the enemy Nazis and the democrats emerged.”
6 the rubble trying to find her baby.” as terrorists and evildoers, but Pipes main-
“Paradise Now” bridges art and biotechnology
A painting depicting a chicken with six ence: “How do we deal with the inability of
wings, a cow with a multitude of udders, and people to know only their limited domain
a pig growing human lungs, kidneys and a and to fear what they do not do well?”
heart is among the pieces on display in the He explained that artists, including those
Regina Gouger Miller Gallery’s exhibition, who contributed to “Paradise Now,” could
“Paradise Now: Picturing the Genetic Revo- play a major role in communicating science
lution.” The painting, Alexis Rockman’s to the public. “These people have created
“The Farm,” is part of an exhibition that extremely provocative interpretations of sci-
uses art and visual images to encourage ence,” said Johnson.
public discussion of advances in genetics Provocative, yes. But do these interpreta-
and biotechnology, according to co-curator tions accurately communicate science?
Marvin Heiferman. During the panel discussion, the biologist
“Paradise Now” will be on display through Minden said he didn’t think so.
Dec. 15. Minden took issue with “Gastrulation,” a
Heiferman was one of seven panelists piece by David Kremers. Minden felt that
who discussed key issues raised by “Para- gastrulation, a stage in embryonic develop-
dise Now” during a panel discussion on ment, “is beautiful and mysterious, but the
Nov. 6. The panel included artists, a biology artist showed it as something grotesque.”
professor, a lawyer, a philosopher, a theolo- He told the audience that he wanted to bring
gian and an art historian. a movie from his lab to “compare the reality
“The exhibit provokes us to see that ge- of gastrulation with the artist’s misrepre-
netics is not just a science. It has a context sentation.”
and a path,” said Ronald Cole-Turner, an Parker had a similar response to the meta-
ethicist and professor of theology at Pitts- phor of the genetic alphabet. We are most
burgh Theological Seminary. He went on to The Farm, by Alexis Rockman familiar with a 26-letter alphabet in which
say that he is interested in the connections the letters can be combined in many ways to
that exist between science and deeper cul- hinging of identity,” said David Smith, se- Biological Sciences at Carnegie Mellon, create a multitude of words and meanings.
tural values. nior vice president and general counsel at said that the pieces in the exhibit “showed a Parker pointed out that the genetic alpha-
Some of the pieces in the exhibit reflect Tissue Informatics, Inc. lot of anxiety and nervousness.” bet is made up of only four letters — A, G,
artists’ interpretations of this connection. Several panelists agreed pieces in the He went on to say that this fear and C and T — that exist in very specific se-
Larry Miller’s piece, “Genomic License No. exhibition reflect the public’s concern about anxiety comes from the general public’s quences in DNA.
5 (Alison Knowles Properties),” is a collec- who is going to control genetic information suspicion of scientists’ motives and a gen- “Where you put the genetic alphabet mat-
tion of framed photographs and documents and whether genetic identities will be kept eral under-appreciation of what’s going on ters a lot,” said Parker. The metaphor of the
that identify Knowles by her genetic code. private or used as a means of discrimination. underneath science. genetic alphabet is frightening and is a mis-
The piece includes certificates that verify “The initial responses we have to these A similar concern was voiced by Peter representation, said Parker, “but it sparks a
that she has copyrighted her genetic code, pieces of art have significance to how we Johnson, CEO and chairman of Tissue good discussion.”
along with a contract that details its sale. feel about science,” explained Lisa Parker, Informatics, Inc., during his lecture “Tran- Heiferman explained that he and Carole
The artist identifies Knowles not only associate professor of human genetics and scribe, Translate, Transcend,” at McConomy Kismaric, co-curator of the exhibit “wanted
through photographs, but by blood and hair director of the master’s program in bioeth- Auditorium on Oct. 25 as the opening event [Paradise Now] to help people think about
samples. ics at Pitt. for “Paradise Now.” issues art can raise.”
One issue raised by the piece is the “un- Jonathan Minden, associate professor of Johnson posed this question to the audi- AMY PAVLAK
Post 9/11 language: Struggling to find the right words
Our country’s leader is hip. Just like the call our enemies names. We embrace our deciphering Sept. 11 through coincidental
cool guy at school that invents those great friends and cast suspicion on places and So uninformed and patterns of numbers and the prophecies of
slang words to describe something trendy, people we neglected in the past. unaware is the American Nostradamus. And of course you’ve tried to
someone attractive or an enemy’s mother, This nation grew up confident in its power fold your dollar bill into origami resembling
and presence over disaster, war and crisis.
public that a President’s
President Bush teaches our immature popu- the Twin Towers.
lation how to cope with our new feelings by This confidence was shaken like no other slang-like vocabulary What makes people search for the signifi-
making up words. time until a little over a year ago during the of name-calling and cance between the lines? It has something to
Slang words aren’t just for teenagers any- surprise terrorist attacks on the Pentagon inventive sense of do with preparing ourselves for the horrific
more. In fact, as a country we have all and World Trade Center on Sept. 11. surprise. Constant exposure to shallow news
The operative word here is surprise. We
vocabulary can appease
learned new vocabulary over the course of programs agitates the society into a need for
the past year to describe events and emo- take pride in our intelligence and awareness them into calm. action, which in our case is a war.
tions that wouldn’t be understood using pre- of events before they happen, even to the It’s slick “strategery.” Witmore brought up the familiar CNN
9/11 language. We have created a new expe- countries of interest. The badge of Ameri- feed. “We don’t want to miss anything and
rience through our words to appropriate our can citizenship involves the 401K, Social calling and inventive sense of vocabulary be taken by surprise. It defends against what
new world. Security, bright shiny cars, entrepreneur- can appease them into calm. It’s slick images may come up.” The crawling words
Creating experience is a mechanism that ship that grows into CEO-ship, MTV, anti- “strategery.” coupled with images on the screen are our
allows us to have control over a bad situa- MTV, voting, not voting and the right to How is the American public coping night-light and security blanket all in one.
tion like terrorist attacks and snipers who recount those votes (or not). through new additions to our everyday vo- Witmore pointed out that, however, that
live next door. In fear, we can control by But we are naked now and the intelli- cabulary? Is it too traumatic and difficult to Sept. 11 was “not a tragedy but an attack.”
eliminating the unknown; in misery, we can gence is useless; the people aren’t hearing refer to the site of the terrorist attacks as “the Using the word tragic “gives meaning to
control by causing misery; and in curiosity, the words, and we rush blindly to wave our site of the terrorist attacks” rather than the something that would have no meaning oth-
we can control by creating experiences. We flags in the foggy, still air. existential “ground zero” ? erwise,” he said.
Michael Witmore, Ground zero suggests back to square one “What is the trauma for people?” he asked.
assistant professor of lit- and starting over, insinuating that this is the “It is the arbitrariness. Why did I survive
erature and cultural place where it all began. while others did not?”
studies in the English Witmore believes that the “militariza- The American Heritage Dictionary de-
department, addressed tion” of the term ground zero is used “delib- fines tragedy as “a drama or literary work in
the meaning of erately to remind us that our world has which the main character is brought to ruin
America’s new market- changed.” We cope with this change by or suffers extreme sorrow, especially as a
ing tagline, “We will al- creating this ceremonious title and literally consequence of a tragic flaw, moral weak-
ways remember.” conducting ceremony after ceremony. It is ness, or inability to cope with unfavorable
The use of such words the “ritual that helps us to move on.” circumstances.”
“admits that we’ve for- This time of terrorism has created such an Webster’s Revised Dictionary, mean-
gotten other events,” upheaval of emotions, fear and suspicion while, defines tragedy as “a fatal and mourn-
Witmore explains. that we can’t even gauge how wary we ful event; any event in which human lives
We’ve forgotten past should be. We now have to color-code our are lost by human violence, more especially
surprise attacks, our feelings. As of now, we are orange. Crayola by unauthorized violence.”
mistake in accusing the will now be assessing the state of the nation. In our culture violence can be understood,
innocent, our neglect of It is difficult to cope with such a tragedy if not excused, if the victim was once the
countries that hold to a unless we can clearly define our feelings. victimizer. Most of us cannot see the differ-
polarized images of the “Black and white,” “with us or against us,” ence between the people whose lives were
U.S. We’ve learned that “evildoer,” or “on our side.” Gray is unde- taken on that day and those of us who still
we are only human and sirable in politics now as the area where live. So who is to say that one day we can’t
Photo: Brian Connelly as vulnerable to surprise timid liberals and shy right-wingers live. An join those victims through another attack?
as anyone else. individual is not allowed to be wary of war, Closure is not an option for this event, so
We were caught by concerned about racial profiling or judg- we must incorporate it in our everyday lives
’Neath that giant Exxon sign, surprise, so what can we mental about American military actions. through words and visuals. ‘Nine eleven’ is
that brings this fair city light, do now? So uninformed To be unsure about the retaliation is to now in the American Heritage College dic-
and unaware is the decline to share the pain of Sept. 11 and to tionary, as well as Taliban and weaponize.
patriotic words, opportunity ... American public that a reject being in misery’s company. That’s it! You know if you can look it up,
President’s slang-like The need to find a deeper meaning of that it’s real.
vocabulary of name- day has been illustrated in endless e-mails JEANNIE KIM 7
continued from page one
and bars that catered to steelworkers and
their families, it fell into disrepair as the
steel industry faltered and left the area.
Second, though the Waterfront is situated
in Homestead, the stores and restaurants
were not built for the people who live there,
but for a more upscale market. The residents
of Homestead are left with few affordable Homestead’s depressed Eighth Avenue is only blocks away from the booming Waterfront development Photo: Leah Messina
options for basic needs such as a card store
and dry cleaning. he said, “I would feel more positive about it Vickie and Marta Garth, who run Mother’s No. 4 has its glass block windows punched
One customer at Wines and Spirits, Eight is it wasn’t a thorn in my side.” Touch Daycare and Learning Center in the out. Though Phillip’s Bar and Hotel has the
Avenue’s sole remaining liquor store, com- Lyons, a big supporter of Levine’s, re- basement of the old, empty Monongahela official notice for a pending liquor license,
plained, “I went to have pants dry cleaned at fuses to shop at the Lowe’s hardware store Trust Co., take the children in their program another official notice reads “Danger. This
Giant Eagle and they said it would cost $15! at the Waterfront. He said, “How can they to story time at Barnes and Noble or for structure is declared unsafe for human occu-
And they wanted me to sign a release to say do that to these mom and pop stores that walks along the riverfront. Bill Caton, owner pancy or use.” The sidewalk is scattered
they are not responsible if they lose my have been here for ages — put them out of of Bill’s Used Furniture said that his prop- with old newspapers and empty beer bottles.
pants. That’s not right.” business like that?” erty value has gone back up and Don “We used to have three florists in Home-
Rich Lyons, a copy service specialist at Of course, putting mom and pop stores Mathews, manager of Wines and Spirits, stead. Now we have one, and he is not on the
CMU and resident of Munhall, the borough out of business isn’t the intention of the has seen an increased demand for finer wines. main street, so unless you know where his
adjacent to Homestead, just cannot under- Waterfront. But the development is about Many of them are not optimistic, how- store is, you don’t know we have one at all,”
stand why such a complex would be built money and a business opportunity. ever, that revitalization of the avenue will said Vickie Garth.
here, in what he calls a “mill hunk town.” happen anytime soon. An entire strip of condemned stores was
Now that there are plans to put a Kaufmann’s
department store at the Waterfront, he is in
I n 1985, Kelly Park of the Park Corp.
purchased the site after the United States
“It probably won’t happen in my life-
time,” Levine said. “Revitalization is a slow
supposed to be torn down and replaced with
a CVS, which has sparked several lawsuits
disbelief. “Homestead never even had a K Steel closed its doors. His original intention process. Any time you need government between property owners and a historical
Mart, and now they want to put in a was to sell it back to a steel company and money, it is it going to take a long time.” society.
Kaufmann’s. It doesn’t make any sense,” keep the site industrial, but it wasn’t long Mathews, meanwhile, doesn’t expect a This is a topic of much debate among the
Lyons said. before he envisioned a great water front significant revival to happen before he re- remaining storeowners, especially those
But Englehardt said there were many entertainment complex. People thought he tires in 20 years. whose stores face the buildings.
reasons for choosing the 300-acre location. was crazy. At the day care center, the Garths wish the Caton’s store sits directly across from the
“Where else in Pittsburgh can you find flat But he went ahead and found a developer, developers would keep the Waterfront theme condemned strip. He said, “They should
ground to build on? Plus, it is close to main Barry Ford, and by the late ’80s, they had “continuing down the street.” Vickie Garth, have been torn down 20 years ago. They
traffic arteries, like 376, and the area has a begun cleaning out and disassembling the who enjoys going to the Waterfront because were condemned then and they are still
dense population.” He also believes that the 410 buildings on the property. Then Park it makes her feel like she’s on vacation, condemned now.”
selection of stores and restaurants are able to approached the Ohio-based Continental Real explained, “A lot of people walk down to the Mathews agrees, “Those buildings are
cross all audiences with dining options rang- Estate, which was known regionally for its Waterfront from the hills or from the bus. historical for being boarded up for 10-15
ing from fast food, like McDonald’s to up- office, retail and apartment developments. They get off on Eighth and walk down the years.”
scale choices like Mitchell’s Fish Market, There Park met Frank Kass, who became his street to cross the train tracks into the shop- Englehardt, whose company has since
and shopping ranging from Target to partner when he matched Park’s $1 million ping center. Why wouldn’t they want to opened an office at the Waterfront, is con-
Abercrombie & Fitch. investment. make the street look nice, too?” sulting on the revitalization of Eighth Av-
enue, although he is not directly involved
L ife for Homestead residents certainly
Kass ended up buying Park’s share and,
in 1998, broke ground for the first Water- W alking down Eighth Avenue on any
given afternoon is not much different than at
with the development committee.
“The community in Homestead has to
has changed in the last few decades. Stanley front buildings. Future plans include a hotel,
Levine of Levine Hardware, Homestead’s more office space, and even a building for night, except in daylight you can why the figure out now what they can do now to
oldest standing store since 1935, has seen the CMU Fuel Cell Division. street is so eerily quiet. Store after store has capture the flow of traffic,” he said.
many of the changes “and they have all been There have been a few benefits of the gone out of business, boarded up or con- LEAH MESSINA
negative,” he said. When asked what he Waterfront’s presence for the businesses on demned. Eat ’n Park has moved down to the
thought about the Waterfront development Eighth Avenue, however. more desirable Waterfront. The Russian Club
West campus all online all the time, with no courses or lectures
This September, 58 students began post- rial and presentations are available online, program, he said, emerges because “We’re mance as from [Pittsburgh] Carnegie Mellon
graduate programs at Carnegie Mellon with- students must also collaborate through what following a principled approach to educa- students,” Bareiss explained.
out ever setting foot in Pittsburgh. They are Carnegie Mellon West calls Story-Centered tion.” Three years ago when CMU introduced
the inaugural class of Carnegie Mellon West, Curriculum. Response from students so far has been plans for the West Coast campus, the
the university’s new California campus. Story-Centered Curriculum places stu- positive, but program and curricula devel- economy was booming. Now, Silicon Val-
Built in the Shenandoah Historic District dent teams in simulated real-world experi- opment at Carnegie Mellon West is far from ley is feeling the impact of the recent down-
of NASA Ames Research Center in Silicon ences, in which they are confronted with complete. Bareiss and others are looking to turn. Like the area’s dot-coms, large dona-
Valley, Carnegie Mellon West offers three authentic issues. Each team is guided by a institute several new programs, including tions to the project have slumped. The effect
master’s programs in Information Technol- mentor, and learning takes place at the time large-scale information systems, security on Carnegie Mellon West has not been
ogy. In a sharp break with academic tradi- it is needed. Teams collaborate both online and networking, and a generalist informa- completely adverse, however.
tion, students are not required to attend and in-person on a series of 15-20 projects. tion technology degree. Developers would “Education seems to be counter-cycli-
class. Ray Bareiss, director of educational For example, a group of students is using a also like to create a transitional program for cal,” Bareiss said. “People use downtimes
programs at Carnegie Mellon West, be- fictional company called “ND Solutions” as working professionals who want to re-skill. to re-skill.”
lieves in this innovative approach. a tool for learning software engineering Contrary to an August report in the Pitts- Currently, Carnegie Mellon West offers
“People don’t learn from traditional, lec- project management. While situations are burgh Post-Gazette, Bareiss says, this pro- only master’s degrees, as it is not authorized
ture-based class experience,” Bareiss said. reality-based, faculty control tasks to ensure gram will not include students who have not in California to grant undergraduate de-
“We have, essentially, an alternative for students experience a thorough range of received bachelor’s degrees. grees. In the immediate future, developers
professional education that has no courses, issues. “At the current time and in the foresee- are not looking to pursue undergraduate
no required lectures.” During the last quarter of their programs, able future, our students have bachelor’s programs, but instead are focused on sig-
Despite this structure, Bareiss said, students move from fictional situations to degrees,” Bareiss said. nificantly increasing enrollment and the dis-
Carnegie Mellon West is distinct from most real client projects. Bareiss calls this a “teach- And unlike at some distance learning tance-learning component on campus.
distance learning programs. ing hospital approach.” programs, Bareiss said, Carnegie Mellon “Our educational mission is broader than
All students at Carnegie Mellon West are “We’re very committed to the ‘learn by West students are expected to excel in all formal courses,” Bareiss said. “It’s really to
required to visit the campus at some point doing’ approach in the programs we de- areas. create an educational hub.”
8 during their studies. While all project mate- velop,” Bareiss said. The success of the “We expect the same level of perfor- KATIE BAILEY