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LNG termiNaL oN maasvLakte iN rotterdam by nyl11041


									    LNG termiNaL oN maasvLakte iN rotterdam

1   Why an LnG import terminaL?
    Production of natural gas in northwest Europe, as we in the Netherlands too, will decrease in the foreseeable future,
    yet demand will continue to increase. Gas will have to be imported from other regions, mainly by pipeline from
    Russia and in the form of liquefied natural gas (LNG). In the view of the operator, Gate terminal, this is an excellent
    opportunity to set up an ‘open’ (i.e. independent) LNG import terminal in the Netherlands.

    An LNG terminal will be a significant factor to secure gas from other countries and sources for Europe. It will
    increase both security of supply and opportunities for new entrants in the European gas market. Connecting the
    LNG terminal directly to the national natural gas transmission network will also strengthen the Netherlands’
    position as a trade and distribution hub for natural gas. The open access LNG terminal will allow both LNG suppliers
    and natural gas offtakers to concentrate on their core activities of gas production, trade and distribution.

    Gate (Gas Access To Europe) terminal is an initiative of N.V. Nederlandse Gasunie and Koninklijke Vopak N.V.

    LNG: a product with proven advantages
    LNG is produced by cooling natural gas to a temperature of -162 °C at atmospheric pressure. The resultant, very
    cold liquid, takes up considerably less space than natural gas (600 times less storage space is needed!). This smaller
    volume gives LNG a competitive advantage over pipelines. It also makes it easier and more economical to transport
    LNG over large distances by ship and to store it in large volumes. It is therefore more flexible than piping natural gas.

2   the Location
    Gate terminal is planned at a site in the northern part of Maasvlakte in the Port of Rotterdam. The LNG terminal,
    its storage tanks and regasification facilities will be built on a reclaimed 35-hectare site directly to the south of the
    Maasvlakte Oil Terminal (MOT). The terminal is situated in an industrial area more than three kilometres away
    from the nearest residential areas.

    Site with all the necessary facilities and synergy advantages
    Rotterdam has a lot to offer an LNG terminal. It is easily accessible to LNG carriers and has extensive ship manage-
    ment and handling facilities. The potential sales market for natural gas is close by. Furthermore, the industrial
    complexes in the immediate vicinity will create synergy advantages (e.g. through the use of residual heat).
    Gate has signed a contract with EON, for example, to receive residual heat from electricity generation at the nearby
    EON power station.
3   the terminaL

    The LNG import terminal will be a clean storage and handling facility with four functions:

>   The receipt of LNG from special LNG carriers in the port;

>   The buffering of LNG between the receipt and continuous delivery of natural gas;

>   The regasification of LNG into natural gas;

>   The delivery of natural gas to the national gas transmission network for the Dutch and northwest European markets.

    In the terminal, LNG will be brought to the right pressure and regasified for delivery to the Dutch transmission
    network; the aim will be to transmit natural gas at a regular rate. The composition of the product will not change;
    except that a small amount of nitrogen will be added to ensure that the natural gas meets network specifications.
    The LNG import terminal will therefore be a storage and handling facility that produces virtually no waste.

    Technical characteristics

>   An ‘open’ LNG import terminal with an initial throughput capacity of 12 billion cum (distributed over 3 full-containment
    storage tanks) as a buffer between receipt and delivery;

>   In the future the annual capacity can be increased to 16 billion cum;

>   Receipt of LNG carriers of all class ;

>   Unloading at two dedicated jettys with a transfer rate of approximately 12,500 m3 per hour;

>   Tanks with a gross capacity of 180,000 m3; 40 metres high at the outer edges and up to 52 metres high in the centre and
    will have an outside diameter of approximately 86 metres;

>   Regasification of LNG into natural gas;

>   Delivery of natural gas to the national gas transmission network for the Dutch and European natural gas markets.
4   hiGh priority to safety and the environment

    Nautical safety is an important reason for choosing Rotterdam for the LNG terminal. The Port of Rotterdam has
    an excellent ship management system. Other shipping traffic will not be disrupted by LNG carriers mooring at
    the planned site.
    The LNG terminal has been designed so that LNG carriers can make short and simple manoeuvres that guarantee safety
    and minimise disruption to other vessels. Incoming and outgoing carriers will always be guided by four tugs. A section of
    Papegaaiebek on the northeastern side of the new terminal will be retained in the form of Papegaaiebek Island. LNG carriers
    will moor in a dedicated channel separate from all shipping activities. This will virtually rule out the risk of collision.
    The nature of the LNG market will also contribute to safety. The market is based on long-term contracts and regular deliveries
    by a limited number of carriers. Each LNG carrier visiting the terminal for the first time will undergo detailed checks beforehand
    and will be instructed on the procedures to be followed. In the past 50 years, there have been no serious incidents involving
    major LNG leakages.
    Safety and the environment will have highest priority in every phase of every process at the terminal.

    Safe delivery
    Both the LNG carriers and the landing jetty and its unloading facilities comply with strict safety standards. The unloading
    equipment has worked excellently worldwide for more than 25 years. Before a ship starts to unload, a detailed safety checklist
    will be run through. The unloading arms will be secured to prevent mechanical damage and fitted with automatic valves.
    Extensive insulation will prevent the formation of gas in the pipelines and vapours will be returned to the LNG carrier via a
    closed vapour return system. This will prevent overpressure building up in the storage tanks and a vacuum forming in the
    carrier’s tanks.
    Storage safety
    The storage tanks will be full containment tanks. These double-walled tanks have a proven track record worldwide.
    They consist of a metal inner tank, a thick layer of thermal insulation and an outer tank constructed entirely from concrete.
    All pipe connections are situated on the roof, which means that the tank will not empty even in an emergency. A flare/vent
    facility is present for start-up and process emergencies but will not be used under normal operating conditions.
    Regasification and transmission safety
    After regasification of the LNG, the natural gas will leave the terminal via an underground line connected to the existing high
    pressure network. In principle, the existing gas transmission network has sufficient capacity. Gas Transport Services (GTS),
    an independent pipeline operator and wholly-owned subsidiary of Gasunie, will continually monitor the necessary capacity
    and adapt it when required. Nitrogen will not be added at the terminal but at Gasunie’s metering and control station in Pernis.
    The natural gas odorant will not be added until the gas leaves the main transmission network and enters the regional network.
    Since the LNG terminal is a closed system, no gas will be emitted into the atmosphere during normal operation.

5   customers / minority sharehoLders

                        DONG Energy of Denmark is one of the leading energy companies in Scandinavia. It is engaged in the
                        exploration, production, distribution, trade and sale of energy and energy related products in northern Europe.
                        The company has annual revenues of 4.9 billion and more than 4,500 employees.

                        With annual sales of €6.4 billion in 2006, Essent is the largest energy company in the Netherlands, supplying
                        electricity, gas and heat to private and business customers. Essent is active throughout the supply chain, from
                        energy production to its supply to consumers. The company’s home market is the Netherlands but it has also
                        built up a considerable position in Germany and is increasingly active in Belgium. The group’s environmental
                        arm processes waste into energy and residual flows. Essent has a workforce of about 10,000.

                        OMV Aktiengesellschaft is the largest listed industrial company in Austria. As the biggest oil and gas company
                        in central Europe, it is engaged in refinery and marketing in 13 countries. In the field of exploration and
                   &    production OMV is active in 20 countries on five continents. OMV sells more than 14 bcm of gas per annum.
                        Its gas distribution centre in Baumgarten, Austria, distributes some 47 bcm of gas per annum. This Central
                        European Gas Hub is one of the three largest gas distribution operations in Europe.
                        Austrian EconGas’s core business is the direct marketing of natural gas to European distributors and consumers
                        with an annual consumption of over 500,000 cubic metres as well as natural gas trading on international
                        markets. EconGas has subsidiaries in Germany, Italy and Hungary.

                        E.ON Ruhrgas AG (E.ON Ruhrgas) from Germany is one of Europe’s leading energy companies. It offers a wide
                        range of services and products for the transportation, storage, marketing and use of natural gas. E.ON Ruhrgas
                        AG has a distribution system of more than 11,000 km of natural gas pipelines, 12 natural gas underground
                        storage facilities and 26 compressor stations. Hence, one of the core tasks is also the monitoring and
                        maintenance of all the technical installations as well as rectification and repairs for restoring the availability
                        and maintenance of the gas supply.
6   the pLanninG process

    Timetable     2008       1. Site preparation tanks & process area by Port authorities, first half year 2008
                             2. Installation of site accommodation & temporary facilities
                             3. Construction of LNG outer tanks
                             4. Construction of LNG inner tanks
                             5. Construction of jetty substructure
                             6. Construction of jetty topside
                             7. Construction of connecting pipelines and vaporisers
                             8. Connections to hot water, electricity and natural gas transport pipeline
                             9. Mechanical completion of the construction work and pre-commissioning activities
                            10. Introduction of first liquid natural gas to cool and test the plant
    Finish        2011      11. Final commissioning for commercial operations

    A consortium made up of Techint, Sener, Entrepose and Vinci, an experienced combination of Italian, Spanish
    and French companies, has been engaged as the main contractor to carry out the engineering, procurement and
    construction activities for the planned LNG receiving and regasification terminal on Maasvlakte.

                                                                                               Gate terminal b.v.
                                                                                               Westerlaan 10
                                                                                               3016 CK ROTTERDAM
                                                                                          T    +31 (0)10 400 27 80
                                                                                          F    +31 (0)10 413 98 29

                                                                                           1   LNG jetties

                                                                                           2   LNG terminal locations

                                                                                           3   Existing HP 36” H-grid line

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