DVD CD Duplication systems DVD Duplication Controllers

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					DVD & CD Duplication systems

 DVD Duplication Controllers




        USER MANUAL
                               CONTENT
1.   Introduction............................................................4
2.   Installation Procedure............................................5
3.   Operation...............................................................7
4.   Function...............................................................10
     4.1.Copy ..............................................................10
     4.2.Copy + Compare ...........................................11
     4.3.Emulate .........................................................11
     4.4.Emu + Copy...................................................12
     4.5.Compare........................................................12
     4.6.Verify..............................................................13
     4.7.Load...............................................................13
     4.8.External .........................................................14
     4.9.quick erase ....................................................14
     4.10.Sub-function ................................................14
         4.10.1.setup ............................................. 15-24
         4.10.2.edit… ............................................. 24-28
         4.10.3.delete ...................................................28
         4.10.4.clear .....................................................28
         4.10.5.copy x1 ................................................29
         4.10.6.emulate x1 ...........................................29
         4.10.7.copy x2 ................................................30
         4.10.8.emulate x2 ...........................................30
         4.10.9.copy x4 ................................................30
         4.10.10.emulate x4 .........................................30
         4.10.11.copy x8...............................................31
         4.10.12.emulate x8 .........................................31




                                        2
      4.10.13.burn in ................................................31
      4.10.14.update ................................................32
      4.10.15.reset ...................................................32
5.Standard equipment………………………………….33
6.Circuit drawing………………………………………..34
7.Troubleshooting……………………………………...35
8.Device support……………………………………......38
9.Appendix……………………………………………... 40




                                     3
1. Introduction
  Thank you for choosing this CD/DVD duplication
  controller/duplicator. This duplicator system will surely
  help you achieve your duplication needs!

Features:

1. Stand-alone design, no PC or software required.
2. Easy to operate. No training required.
3. Copy, Compare, Verify, Emulate, Editing, etc.
   Functions
4. Compatible formats:
     MODE 1: CD-ROM/XA
     MODE 2: Photo-CD, CD-I, VCD
     CD-DA, Multi-session, CD-Plus
5. On-the-fly direct copy from CD-ROM to CD or DVD-
   ROM to DVD disc.
6. Track selection is available for copying music tracks.
7. Compatible with many brands of CD or DVD writers,
   such as Plextor, Sony, Sanyo, Yamaha, TDK,
   Nichimen, Teac, Lite-On, Ricoh, Panasonic, OptoRite,
   etc.
8. USB 2.0 interface offers you the flexibility of
   connecting to a PC (built-in with the default case)




                            4
IMPORTANT NOTE:

1. Make sure the outside input voltage is either at
   AC110V or 220V.
2. Stable input power is required for normal operation.
3. Duplicator should be placed in a safe area within a
   clean and cool working environment.
4. Check and clean the master/target discs before
   starting the duplication.
5. Do not touch recording surfaces of the target discs.
6. Do not move the duplicator during operation.


2. Installation Procedure
You may receive the CD/DVD duplicator in three
configurations:

A. Controller card only

1. You will need the following equipment:
   a.    CD-ROM/DVD-ROM drives.
   b.    CD or DVD writer.
   c.    Suitable case.
   d.    Power supply.
2. Assemble all required devices mentioned above and
   make sure to set devices to master mode. The
   connector with power inlet on the controller card is
   for CD-ROM/DVD-ROM/Hard drive (if the ROM
   reader and hard drive are both connected, please set
   hard drive to the master mode and ROM in slave
   mode) and the other is for CD/DVD writer.
                            5
3. The BIOS is fixed and welded on the controller board
   and cannot be replaced directly. The upgrade of
   BIOS program can be completed in two ways. One
   method is to run the upgrade function from the
   machine and the other is to use the upgrade kit to
   upgrade the BIOS chipset directly though JP2 (BIOS-
   UP) port built-in on controller board.
4. The USB 2.0 interface is not bundled with the
   controller card. It will not be available if you have only
   purchased the controller card.



B. Whole duplicator without ROM and writer installed:

1. Unpack the package of duplicator.
   b. Prepare the CD/DVD writer according to the
     device recommendations in this manual and refer
     to the Part A above for installation. Please contact
     duplicator vendor for unlisted CD / DVD writer, if
     needed.
1. Check the entire unit. Return it to your supplier if the
  unit is damaged in any way.
2. Assemble the duplicator according to your need.
3. Make sure the input voltage is either AC 110V or
   220V.


C. Completed duplication system

1. Unpack the duplicator package.
                             6
2. Check the entire unit. Return it to your supplier if
   there are any problems.
3. Make sure the input voltage is either AC 110V or
   220V.
4. If your system did not come with a hard drive, you
   can still install one if you wish.


3. Operation

1. Turn the system on by pressing the power button and
   you will see the self-testing procedure running. The
   following display will appear:

  DVDxxxx      V3.00    2003


  Power On … X


   Copy
   <mode

  * There will not be a message on top-right corner if
    there is no hard drive installed.



2. Different devices installed in the duplicator will
  require different operation procedures including two
  main categories:
                            7
AA. With hard drive installed

a. The duplicator will automatically detect the hard drive
   and create partitions for it. Each partition will have
   900MB for CD duplicator and 5GB for DVD duplicator
   in capacity.
b. You can select in the set up menu which partition will
   be the current partition to store the data in the “HDD
   partition.”
c. If there is no data stored in present/selected partition
   of the hard drive, press the MODE switch to select
   “Load” function and place the master disc into the
   ROM drive. The duplicator will automatically detect
   the master drive, analyze and load the data into the
   present/ selected partition. The master disc will be
   ejected when loading is completed. In the case of an
   error, the LCD will show the “error” message and the
   master disc will be ejected automatically. You would
   then have to use another master disc to load the
   information onto the hard drive. Master data can be
   stored in different partitions. Please refer to HDD
   partition section for loading the master source.
d. You can switch to copy function by pressing the
   MODE switch. When you place blank discs into the
   writers, the duplicator will automatically copy
   information onto the blank discs.
e. When a copy is completed, the target disc will be
   ejected automatically (default setting: Passed discs
   will be ejected. This means that completed discs that
                             8
   are correctly copied will automatically eject
   themselves. This setting can be changed according
   to your need). For continuous duplication, place
   additional blank disc(s) into the writer and repeat the
   above procedures.
f. Failed discs will remain in writer. Press the eject
   button on the writer to eject the disc manually.
g. The duplicator will prompt you with an error message
   when you try to copy a partition that contains no data.
   In this case, switch to the “Load” function to load data
   first.
h. Do not press any switches on the duplicator during
   operation. This will cause an interruption. Any
   interruption / termination of an operation will cause an
   error and might lead the duplicator to malfunction
   (depending on writers installed). The target disc will
   be ruined and cannot be used again.


BB. Without hard drive

a. Switch to Copy by pressing the MODE switch. Place
   the blank target disc into the writer. Duplicator will
   start copying when writer detects the target disc.

b. When Copy is completed, the correctly copied
   CD/DVD discs will be ejected automatically (Default
   setting: Passed, or correctly copied discs, will be
   ejected. This can be changed according to your
   need). For continuous duplication, place additional
   blank target discs into the writer and repeat the above
   procedures.
                             9
c. Failed discs will remain in the writer (Default setting:
   Failed disc NOT ejected. This can be changed
   according to your need). Press the eject button on the
   writer to eject discs manually.


4. Function

The function explained below is based on the factory’s
default setting. Different settings will cause duplicator to
react differently. Please press and hold down the MODE
switch while turning on the power; the duplicator will
return to the factory’s default setting.

1.1.Copy

 Make sure the present partition in hard drive is correct
 and it contains data (with hard drive installed) or the
 master CD/DVD is inserted in the ROM drive (without
 hard drive installed) before copying. Place blank target
 disc into the writer. When writer detects the target disc,
 the duplicator will start copying automatically.

 When a copy is finished, correctly copied discs will be
 ejected automatically and failed ones will not be
 ejected. You can remove failed discs by pressing the
 eject button on the writer manually. Put a new target
 disc in the writer for additional copying. Rewriteable
 discs containing data can also be copied by the
 duplicator if writers installed are capable of rewriteable
                             10
 disc writing. Data stored in the rewriteable disc will be
 erased automatically before copying new data. No
 special setting or procedure is required to erase the
 old data.

1.2.Copy + Compare

 This function will copy and compare the correctly
 copied disc with the master source. With this function,
 the accurate discs will be ejected and reinserted again
 into the machine automatically to be compared with
 the source disc. The correctly copied discs will be
 ejected automatically after comparison. The failed CD
 disc will remain in the writer. Press the eject button on
 the writer to eject the failed discs.

 Only data CDs will be compared with the master. VCD
 or music CDs will be verified (self-reading) instead of
 being compared with the master, even if the
 “Compare” function is selected.


1.3.Emulate

This function performs a function similar to the Copy
function except that data is not written onto the target
disc. The target disc will remain blank when emulation
is completed. For rewriteable disc that contains data,
the emulate function will quickly erase all old data
before emulation. You should NEVER emulate on a
target disc that contains important data. Please note
that the machine does not support the emulation on
                            11
DVD+R discs temporarily. If the emulate function is
selected on DVD+R disc, the disc will instead perform
the copy function on the CD.

Termination during the Emulation process will not affect
the target disc. They will remain blank. Note that the
data on rewriteable discs containing data may be
destroyed and cannot be retrieved again.

Some writers may not support sudden termination
during operation. The duplicator may malfunction and
you can only reset the machine by re-starting the
power. Note that the emulation function is useful when
you want to test whether master disc can be copied
onto target discs.


1.4.Emu + Copy

 This function combines the emulation and copy
 function within one selection. First, the machine will do
 the emulation and then continually copy the disc if no
 errors occur during the emulation process. The
 correctly copied discs will be ejected and failed discs
 will remain in the writer. Failed discs must be removed
 manually.

1.5.Compare

 This function performs a data comparison between the
 master disc and target discs. Only data discs will be
 compared fully. VCDs, music CDs or DVD movies will
                            12
 perform the verification function instead.

1.6.Verify

 This function does verifications of target discs. A
 different disc in the writer and ROM drive can be
 verified together simultaneously.



1.7.Load

 This function can only be used when a hard drive is
 installed in the duplicator. Use the “Load” function to
 load the master data into the hard drive before
 performing another function.

 Place the master disc into the ROM, the duplicator will
 automatically detect and analyze the master disc and
 load its data into the current partition of the hard drive,
 only if a hard drive is installed.

 The hard drive installed on the duplicator will be
 automatically partitioned by 900MB sections for CDs
 and 5GB sections for DVD partitions. The number of
 partitions available depends on the hard drive’s
 capacity. No pre-formatting or software setup is
 required to install the hard drive. Each partition in the
 hard drive will be labeled in alphabetical order starting
 from AA, AB, AC…etc. The current partition number
 can be selected under “HDD partition” in the Setup
 menu.
                             13
 The duplicator will show an error message when you
 try to copy it from a partition that contains no data.
 Switch to the proper partition or use “Load” function to
 load the master data onto the current partition.




1.8.External

 External functions are reserved for releasing the
 control of devices installed on duplicator.

 The external function will be activated when switching
 to this function for five seconds. To return to other
 functions of the duplicator after the External function is
 activated, you have to re-start the duplicator.

1.9.Quick erase

 This function only works with rewriteable discs. The
 data on rewriteable discs will be erased after executing
 this function.

1.10.Sub-function

 In the main menu, press and hold down the MODE
 switch for five seconds and the menu will be switched
 to sub-function menu and vice versa.

                            14
1.10.1. Setup

 Since there are many different settings for this
 duplication system, we suggest that you use the
 original default settings for optimal performance.
 Changes should be made only when you are familiar
 with the functions. Also, please note that the function
 settings listed below are summaries that cover all
 kinds of duplication controllers or duplication systems
 that we build and might not apply to the system you
 purchased.

1.10.1.1. Show drive

 This setting shows the devices that are connected on
 the duplicator, such as the CD/DVD-ROM, writers and
 hard drive, etc. It also displays the version of drives
 currently installed on the duplicator.

1.10.1.2. HDD partition group

 This setting assigns the current working partition
 group onto hard drive if installed. Press the MODE
 switch to change the setting and press GO to exit.
 After selecting the partition group, pressing the exit
 button will bring you to the next sub function titled,
 “HDD partition of A” for more selections for the
 partition number in that group. After choosing the
 partition number, press the exit button to bring you
 back to Copy function to the main menu.

 Modern hard drives normally have large capacities. In
                            15
 order to organize and utilize the capacity well, the
 controller will manage the capacity using two-level
 management: partition group and partition number.
 The partition group serves as a folder and the partition
 number serves as an object in the folder. By using this
 idea, the controller can have up to 26 folders; each
 folder has up to 26 partition numbers, a total of 676
 (26x26) partition numbers. For the CD controller, each
 partition normally holds 900MB. For DVD, it holds
 5GB. Using this system, no space on the hard drive
 will be wasted.

 Once you start copying discs onto the HDD, each
 partition will be represented by two letters, such as
 AC, BD, etc. AC means A group C partition and BD
 means B group D partition. If you get a 40GB hard
 drive installed with the CD controller, you might have
 42 partitions, beginning from AA to AZ and ending with
 BA to BP. There will be two groups in your hard drive:
 A group contains 26 partitions and B group contains
 16. All the configurations will be completed
 automatically so you don’t have to run special
 software utility to create the partitions. Note that this
 setting is not available if there is no hard drive
 installed.

1.10.1.3. CD to CD

 This setting controls the source location of master
 data. Select “Yes” to bypass the existing hard drive
 and you can copy directly from ROM to writer or select
 “No” to copy target disc from data stored in current
                            16
 partition of the hard drive. This setting will not be
 saved during rebooting of the duplicator. You will have
 to reset it after rebooting if you wish to use CD to CD
 while there is a hard drive installed.

 This setting is not available if there is no hard drive
 installed. In this case, the only option is to copy from
 ROM to writer directly.

 Press the MODE switch to change setting and GO to
 bring you to next setting.

1.10.1.4. Start writers

 This setting controls the behavior of the writer. It will
 determine whether or not it runs automatically when
 the master disc and target discs are both placed in the
 drives of the duplicator. If the option is set to 0, it
 means the start of duplication must run manually. You
 will have to press the GO button each time to activate
 the duplication. If option set to 1, as soon as the
 master and target disc are ready in both drives on the
 duplicator, duplication will start automatically. For
 duplicating the same master disc, it is suggested to set
 this option to 1 and this will enable you to start the
 duplication immediately when you re-insert blank
 target discs into writers.

 Pressing the MODE switch will change the option and
 press GO to bring you to next setting.


                            17
1.10.1.5. Write method

 This setting controls the writing methods of CD discs,
 such as“Disc at once” or “Track at once”. “Disc at
 once” will be the default setting. Some CD writers may
 support different writing methods. If the method
 selected is not supported, the duplicator will
 automatically switch to the other one. This function is
 only available for CD disc writing but not for DVD
 writing.

 Pressing the MODE switch will change the setting and
 the GO switch will bring you to next setting.

1.10.1.6. CD Write Speed

 This setting controls the CD writing speed. Default
 setting is “MAX,” which uses the highest writing speed
 of the writer. Sometimes maximum writing speed will
 cause high failure rate that may be due to poor disc
 quality or unstable disc writing. Under this
 circumstance, lowering the writing speed in this setting
 will help you get a higher success rate in disc writing.
 However, if you lower the writing speed, the duplicator
 will take more time to copy CDs/DVDs.

 Press MODE to change the setting and GO to exit.



1.10.1.7. DVD Write Speed

                           18
 This option is for DVD duplicating controller card only
 and is not available with the CD controller card. This
 setting controls the DVD writing speed of the writer.
 The default setting for the controller is “MAX,” which
 would use the highest writing speed of the writer.
 Sometimes using the maximum writing speed will
 cause a high failure rate that may be due to poor disc
 quality or unstable disc writing. Under this
 circumstance, lower the writing speed in this setting to
 get a higher success rate in disc writing. Some DVD
 writer brands will restrict the writing speed on certain
 DVD discs due to an unauthorized patent. This is due
 to the writer itself.

 Press MODE to change the setting and GO to exit.


1.10.1.8. CD-ROM drive

 The ROM drive can be selected manually. Default
 setting is “AUTO” and the duplicator will select the
 ROM drive automatically. If the drives are installed
 correctly, the setting option will be in series like ATA1.0
 and the writer will be like ATA2.0. The 0 in ATA1.0 and
 ATA2.0 means the drives are in master mode and 1
 and 2 means the channel number. The digit after the
 dot represents the master (0) and slave (1) mode. The
 digit before dot represents the channel number. E.g.,
 ATA2.1 means the channel 2 in slave mode.

 Press MODE to change the setting and GO to exit.

                             19
1.10.1.9. Autoloader

 This duplicating controller card can be used as an
 independent controller card for external autoloading. If
 the autoloader is installed, this setting must be set to
 an appropriate setting, such as “CDF-4800,” “classic,”
 or “extended”. The default setting is “No”.

 Press MODE to change the setting and GO to exit.

1.10.1.10. Load nonblank disc

 This setting is mainly for the autoloader and controls
 the loading of a non-blank disc in any writer. If the
 setting is “Yes”, whenever there is a non-blank disc
 detected by the writer, the duplicating controller card
 will automatically go to the “Load” function and start
 loading the data from that non-blank disc into current
 partition of hard drive. Through this function, you can
 control the autoloader to copy multiple master discs
 automatically.

 Press MODE to change the setting and GO to exit.

1.10.1.11. CD-DA load speed

 Normally, when reading music tracks, the ROM drive
 will automatically lower the reading speed significantly.
 An unstable reading situation may occur if we use the
 maximum default speed of ROM drive to read music
 track. This will affect the quality of music CD
 duplicated. This setting selects the speed of music
                            20
 track loading to enhance stability of music track
 reading. Default setting is “AUTO”.

 Press MODE to change the setting and GO to exit.



1.10.1.12. Eject disc

 This setting controls the ejection of discs by the writer.
 Three options are available: “Always” means the writer
 will always eject the target disc no matter whether the
 operation is successful or failed. “No” means disc will
 remain in the writer when job is completed. You will
 have to eject the disc from the writer manually. The
 “Pass” setting will eject the correctly copied discs
 automatically and leave failed ones in the writer.

 Press MODE to change the setting and GO to exit.

1.10.1.13. Buzzer

 This setting controls the ON and OFF of the buzzer.
 Default setting is “On”. Press MODE switch to change
 and GO to exit.

1.10.1.14. CD+G

 This setting activates the copy capability of the CD+G
 format. It cannot be copied if the writer doesn’t support
 this format. Default setting is “No”.

                             21
 Press MODE switch to change and GO to exit.

1.10.1.15. Copycomp eject

This setting controls the ejection of writer’s tray under
the “copy + compare” function. If the setting is “Yes”,
the tray will eject the passed disc after copying. It will
also re-insert the disc again for subsequent
comparison between the target disc and the source
disc. If the setting is “No”, the tray will not be ejected
between copy and compare. The default setting is
“Auto,” which means the ejection of the tray will depend
on the writer. If it supports auto-ejection, the tray will be
ejected after copying. If not, the tray will not be ejected
even when setting is “Yes”.

Press MODE switch to change and GO to exit.


1.10.1.16. Skip read error

This setting controls error skipping during the master
disc reading. The default setting is “No”. When an error
is detected during loading, the duplicator will stop to
load and display an error message. If the setting is
“Yes”, there will be no message shown even if there is
an error during reading. You can use this function to
copy master discs that have errors.

Press MODE switch to change and GO to exit.


                             22
1.10.1.17. MODE 2 compare

This setting can be activated to compare some data
format stored in “MODE 2” disc. Default setting is
“Yes”.

Press MODE switch to change and GO to exit.


1.10.1.18. Startup command

This setting specifies the first function to appear when
the duplicator is turned on to avoid repeated selection.

Press MODE switch to change and GO to exit.

1.10.1.19. LED offset

This setting controls the offset position for the LED
display on different kinds of cases.

Press MODE switch to change and GO to exit.

1.10.1.20. LCD mile 2 digits

This setting controls the display mode for processing
meter during operations on the LCD display, e.g. L12
C12 C12 C12 C12. The “L” represents the “Load” and
C represents the “Copy” before the 2-digit number. If
you set this option to “Yes”, the L and C for the
example above will disappear. Setting “No” will keep
the display as above.
                           23
 Press MODE switch to change and GO to exit.

1.10.1.21. Read cdda index 0

 The setting controls the copying of data existing in
 index0. Seting “Yes” will copy the data and setting “No”
 will make it empty.

 Press MODE switch to change and GO to exit.


1.10.2. Edit

 The edit function, located in the sub-function menu, is
 a track-selecting function that can combine tracks on
 different CD discs onto one single CD disc. For
 example, you can make a collection of favorite songs
 from different music CDs and store them into one CD
 disc.

 Switch to the “Clear” function to delete the data, if any,
 in the hard drive’s partition intended to store the music
 tracks. Switch to EDIT by pressing the MODE switch
 in sub-function. Load your master CD into the CD drive
 (if there is no hard drive installed, the blank CD-R or
 CD-RW discs must be inserted to the CD writers for
 “track at once” copy). Duplicator will analyze the
 master CD and show total xx tracks on the LCD display
 and finally stop at:


                            24
Begin track
[+]     0          [Quit]

Press the MODE switch to change the number of
tracks (song) that you wish to start with and then press
the GO switch to quit. After quitting, the LCD display
will stop at:

End track
[+]     0          [Quit]

The number selected must be same or larger than that
selected in “Begin track”. The same number means
you want to select a single track and larger number
means you want to select a sequence of tracks in that
particular CD. After selecting the “End track,” the
duplicator will bring you back to the “Begin track”
selection. Repeat the same procedure to collect other
tracks in a different sequence that you want to copy. If
no other tracks are selected, press the GO switch
directly at “Begin track” and press GO at “End track” to
exit. Duplicator will start loading those music tracks
selected into the current partition of the hard drive.
After you finish loading, the master CD will be ejected
automatically and the LCD will display Pass. You may
change the master CD and run the Edit function again
to gather more music tracks from different master CDs.
When finishing the collection, switch the function to
Copy and place blank CD discs or CD-RW discs into
CD writers for copying.

If there is no hard drive installed and selection of music
                            25
tracks from the master CD in CD-ROM drive is
completed, the duplicator will prompt you the message:

Finalize
[+] No              [Quit]


If there are still other tracks that need to be collected,
the setting of Finalize must be “No”. Press the GO
switch to quit. The duplicator will start to copy the
selected tracks onto the blank CD disc. After finishing
the copy, the master CD will be ejected automatically
and prompt you to “Pass” in the LCD display. You will
note that the CD discs in the target CD writers will not
be ejected at this moment. Duplicator will analyze the
master data and bring you to the “Begin track”
message on the LCD. You can repeat the procedures
described above to collect more tracks. If the master
CD is the last one that you collect, change the setting
Finalize to “Yes” and press the GO switch. Duplicator
will start to copy and close the CD discs in the CD
writers. If all of the CD discs are correctly copied, they
will be ejected from the CD writers automatically.

Please study the following examples carefully and
follow the instructions step by step. You will find it is
easier to collect tracks through the duplicator.

Example 1:
To make a new collection of two CDs listed below with
hard drive installed:

                             26
No.1 CD:    2, 4, 6-8 songs.
No.2 CD:    3-6, 9, 13-16 songs.

 a. Switch to the Clear Master function and press the
    GO switch to clear data in the existing partition of
    hard drive.
 b. Switch to the Edit function.
 c. Place No.1 CD disc into CD drive under the EDIT
    function and wait for duplicator to analyze it.
 d. Press the MODE switch to number 2 at “Begin
    track” and Press GO switch to quit.
 e. When “End track” screen is shown on the LCD,
    press the GO switch to quit directly since the first
    song number is 2.
 f. Press the MODE switch to number 4 at “Begin
    track” and Quit. Press the GO switch again to
    quit.
 g. Press the MODE function at number 6 at “Begin
    track” and Quit.
 h. Press MODE to number 8 at “End track” and Quit.
 i. Press the GO switch to finish the selection for the
    1st CD.
 j. The duplicator will start to collect the tracks that
    you selected just now into the current partition of
    the hard drive.
 k. After successfully loading, the duplicator will eject
    your master CD and show “Pass” on the LCD.
 l. Place No.2 CD into the CD drive and continue the
    selection for the second CD disc.
 m. Repeat procedures (d) to (k) above.
 n. Once the accumulated length of tracks selected
    reach the maximum 80 min capacity, the
                          27
     duplicator will stop accepting additional tracks.
  o. Switch to the “Delete” function to delete the last
     track stored in the current partition in the hard
     drive if necessary.
  p. Switch to the Copy function to start copying your
     own collection of music CD.

 Example 2:

 No.1 CD: All tracks
 No.2 CD: 4-6 tracks

  a. Load the No.1 CD disc normally by using
     LOAD function. Data, if any, in the current
     partition will be erased and replaced
     automatically tracks of this CD.
  b. Load No.2 CD disc by using EDIT function but
     keep the data stored in hard drive. The is no need
     to do Clear Master as described in Example 1 or
     you will lose the data of No.1 CD disc.
  c. Repeat the other procedures described in
     Example 1.

1.10.3. Delete

 If the last music track stored in hard drive is not the one
 you wish to keep, switch to the “delete” function and
 press the GO switch to delete it. You may always use
 this function to delete the last track stored in the
 current partition of the hard drive.


                             28
1.10.4. Clear

 This function clears the master data stored in the
 current partition of the hard drive. When you want to
 EDIT a new collection of songs, you must run this
 function first to clear the current partition of the hard
 drive. Perform this function by pressing the GO switch
 and the LCD will show “Master cleared.”



1.10.5. Copy x1

 Under some conditions, you will need to reduce the
 writing speed of the writer to a single speed. Switch to
 “Copy x 1.” All operations will be the same as the
 COPY except that the writing speed will be on a lower
 speed. Writing on the target disc using a lower speed
 will offer you better quality than using maximum speed.
 You can use the disc copied under lower speed as a
 master for repeated duplication or use.


1.10.6. Emulate x1

 Under some conditions, you will have to reduce the
 emulating speed of writer to single speed. Switch to
 “Emulate x 1,” all operation will be the same as the
 “Emulate write” except that the emulating speed will be
 single-time only.


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1.10.7. Copy x2

Occasionally you will have to reduce the writing speed
of the writer to double the speed. Switch to “Copy x 2.”
All operations are the same as COPY except that the
writing speed will be x2.




1.10.8. Emulate x2

Under some conditions, you will have to reduce the
emulating speed of writer to double the speed. Switch
to “Emulate x2.” All operations will be the same as the
“Emulate write” function except that the emulating
speed will be twice as fast.

1.10.9. Copy x4

Occasionally you will have to reduce the writing speed
to 4x. Switch to “Copy x 4.” All operations will be the
same as the COPY except that the writing speed will
be at 4x.

1.10.10. Emulate x4

Under some conditions, you will have to reduce the
emulating speed of the writer to 4x instead of the
normally faster speeds. Switch to “Emulate x4.” All
operations will be same as the “Emulate write” except
that the speed will be at 4x.
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1.10.11. Copy x8

Occasionally you will have to reduce the writing speed
of the writer to 8x. Switch to the “Copy x 8” function.
All operations are the same as COPY except that
writing speed will be 8X.


1.10.12. Emulate x8

Under some conditions, you will have to reduce the
emulating speed of writer to 8x. Switch to “Emulate x8.”
All operations will be same as the “Emulate write”
except that the emulating speed will be at the 8x
speed.

1.10.13. Burn in

This function is a burn-in test function. It will run the
emulate write function continuously. Between each
cycle of the emulation, the disc in the writer will be
ejected automatically and re-inserted again for
continuous testing. There is no real writing on the blank
write-once disc. The disc will be remain blank
throughout the process. Re-writeable discs that have
data will be erased during the burn-in. Please do not
use re-writeable discs with important data under burn-
in function.


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1.10.14. Update

Functions of the duplicator will be improved for better
performance or for other reasons when you update the
BIOS. This function will update your firmware to either
later or previous versions for specific reasons. Load
the CD disc containing the desired firmware data
(BIOS CD disc) into ROM drive and the duplicator will
find the data and update its firmware automatically.
During updating, don’t turn the machine off because
the update will not be finished until machine resets
itself. (Note: Turning off the machine during updating
might cause severe problems such as a failure to
boot.)
Procedures to complete the upgrade:
1. Get the BIOS firmware from your Vendor.
2. Unzip the BIOS firmware you have gotten and write
  the file “cdxxxx.bin” into the root directory of a blank
  CD-R or CD-RW disc. The CD session has to be
  closed. If the same CD disc still has capacity to add
  more data, it can be used to store the newer version
  of BIOS. When updating the BIOS program from the
  CD, only the one in the last session will be used.
  Other versions in previous sessions will be ignored.

1.10.15. Reset

 The reset procedure is required for several reasons,
 such as: The assembling of the duplicator, replacing a
 new brand of writers in an old duplicator, or resetting
 the machine to factory default settings according to
                            32
 different usages. Our design provides an easy way for
 customers to reset their controller boards as noted
 below:

     1. Turn off the duplicator and wait for about 10
        seconds. If the duplicator is not in use at the
        moment, ignore this step and go directly to
        procedure 2.
     2. Press and hold down the MODE switch and turn
        on the power of duplicator at the same time.
        Release the button until the “clear setup”
        message is shown on the LCD display.
     3. If the “clear setup” message is not shown, repeat
        the whole procedure above.
     4. All settings on the duplicator will be restored to its
        factory default settings after a correct reset
        procedure.


2. Standard equipment
 Controller only:

1.   Controller fixed on a 5.25”-bay.
2.   20 x 2 LCD display on 5.25”-bay.
3.   Operation manual.
4.   ATA-66 IDE cables eight pieces.
5.   Other equipment according to agent’s assembly.




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5. Circuit drawing



                      LCD   BIOS-UP




                     34
   COM2 COM1      CD/DVD-ROM/HDD        POWER


         CD-398 & DVD-3000 Controller card




6. Trouble Shooting

A: Check whether the connection of the power cable
   and the power outlet’s environment is normal.
B: Check the power supply fan. It should rotate if the
   power is on. If not, the power supply might have a
                           35
   problem.
C: Turn off the power of the machine. Open the
   duplicator case to check whether the power cable is
   fixed.

2Q: There’s an error message shown on the LCD:

A: During the use of functions such as Copy, Emulate
   Write, compare and verify, you may press the
   MODE switch to abort the operation. An Error
   message will be shown on the LCD. Aborting, when
   using certain writers, might cause the duplicator to
   lock up. If this occurs, you must re-start the power
   to return the duplicator back to normal.
B: A failed reading may cause the error message
   shown on the LCD display. Change the master disc
   to try again.
C: During operation, if you read a message indicating:
   buffer under run or writing error occurs, the LCD will
   show an error message like: Pass xx, failed xx.
D: If there is no device connected and detected by the
   duplicator during power-on, the duplicator will show
   an error message on the LCD before entering the
   main menu.



3Q: The ROM doesn’t read disc and shows an error
    message.

A:   Check the format of the master disc or the master
     disc itself for damage.
                           36
B: Use any of the writers to read the master. If it
works, the ROM drive may be defective or incompatible
with the disc.

4Q: Switches do not function.

A : May still be busy on the task.
B : Button malfunction.
C : Faulty board.

5Q: COPY is completed but the target disc is not
    readable / executable.

A: Use the compare function to check.
B: Change to another ROM drive to test.

6Q: The failure rate is high.

A: Lower the speed of writers and try again.
B: Quality of blank disc is poor.
C: Check for latest BIOS version.

7Q: You can’t boot-up or it fails to upgrade BIOS.

A: Contact your dealer to solve the problem. Note you
    may be charged for this consultation.

B:   Check the BIOS program to determine whether it is
     correct. Customers tend to download the wrong
     program or simply write the zipped file to CD, which
     should be unzipped before writing.
                                37
C:   A failed upgrade might cause a failed boot-up. This
     can only be solved by returning the control board to
     the agent or the factory directly. It is not necessary
     to return the entire system under a failed upgrade.



7. Device support
For IDE CD-ROM:

1. Any CD-ROM drive that is compatible with all kinds of
   CD formats will be compatible if a hard drive is
   installed.
2. To install the 40X or above writer, the accessing
   speed of CD-ROM will definitely not be enough to
   support the high speed 40X, 48X or 52X writing for
   direct copy from CD-ROM to CD-R. The only way to
   improve the speed is to add a hard drive for the
   buffer. Load first from the CD-ROM to the hard drive
   and then copy from the HDD to a CD-R.
3. If a direct copy from the CD-ROM to CD-R is
   preferred, please lower the writing speed to less than
   12X. It will work with nearly all kinds of CD-ROM
   readers in the market.
4. The 52 max. reading speed listed on the front panel
   of CD-ROM is not a reference that you may count on
   to run at speeds such as 40X, 48X or even 52X on-
   the-fly writing from CD-ROM to CD-R. 52X max. It
   only means that it can reach a maximum speed of
   52X during a certain stage and is not “always” at this
   speed. A qualified reader must always sustain the
                             38
    reading speed above the writing speed, if you need to
    do on-the-fly copy from CD-ROMs to CD-Rs.


For IDE DVD-ROM:

1. Teac DV-516D
2. EPO DVD-8216

Note: To link with the maximum target numbers of the
DVD writer, some brands of DVD-ROM will be a little bit
slow in data transfer bandwidth and such DVD+/-RW
writers are not suggested for use with the controller
board since it might reduce the target numbers. If a
hard drive is added, this consideration can be omitted.


For IDE CD-R/RW writer

1   Plextor: W4824TA/W5232TA
2   Lite-On: LTR-48245/52327
3   Teac: W552G
4   Sony: 230E

For IDE DVD writer
1. Pioneer: 106/A06, 107/A107
2. Teac: W58D
3. Plextor: 708A
4. NEC: 2500A

The brands/models of the DVD/CD writers listed above
are supported by our duplication controller cards or
                            39
duplication systems. Most other drives that are not
listed above will work as well.

8. Appendix
CONTACT THE DISTRIBUTOR IF TROUBLE OR
PROBLEMS ARISE. FOR PROMPT FEEDBACK &
IMMEDIATE SERVICE, PLEASE MAKE NOTE OF
FULL DETAILS FOR DIAGNOSIS.




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