Prosperous PNG Through Agricultural Development

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					                                                                  National Agricultural Research Institute


                                                                                  NARI Nius
              ISSN 1608-6554                                    Volume 7                             Number 4                      October - December 2004

Australian          Senators               Visit
NARI............................................. 2
                                                                        Prosperous PNG Through Agricultural
MP Keen to Support Farmers in his                                                  Development
Electorate ....................................... 2
                                                               The National Agricultural Researh Institute will start the new year with a sharpened
PARCIP Planning Meeting .......... 3                           vision. In a recent meeting on 17th December 2004 the NARI Council approved NARI’s
                                                               revised vision and mission statements for Papua New Guinea’s development. The re-
Dr Ghodake Appointed as APCoAB
                                                               worded vision is “Prosperous PNG Agricultural Communities”.
Member ........................................ 3

Technologies Released for Farmers                             This is a broad
....................................................... 4     and long-term
                                                              vision of what
NARI Field Days.......................... 4
                                                              the Institute ex-
Taro Beetle Management Project                                pects to hap-
Meeting ......................................... 5           pen. The word
                                                              “prosperous”
Region Focuses on Food Security in                            implies eco-
Atoll Countries ............................. 5               nomic, social,
                                                              and cultural
Local Support for Agriculture ....... 6                       well-being of all
                                                              residents of
Fruit and Nut Orchard on Duke of
                                                              PNG. Such pros-
York Islands .................................. 6
                                                              perity should
NARI Surveys Farming Systems in                               be reflected
Bougainville’s Atolls ..................... 6                 through a much
                                                              improved and
Crop Improvement Programme for                                higher level of
Mid-altitude Farmers .................... 7                   human develop-
                                                              ment       index
PATTAF Management Training ... 8                              (HDI) in PNG.        Sir Moi Avei pats a young rabbit during his visit to NARI’s Livestock Programme at
The PNG Kava Story ................... 9                                           Labu outside Lae. During his visit in December 2004, the National Planning and
                                                              Reference to         Rural Development Minister described agriculture as an important sector to assure
Some Thoughts on NARI                                         “agricultural        food security, improve cash income and bring prosperity to all in PNG.
Research ....................................... 10           communities”,
                                                              in its wider sense, implies that the prosperity of all   not only because of the vast majority’s de-
NARI Publications ....................... 11                  in PNG will be realised through wealth creation          pendence on agriculture but also because of
                                                              and sustainable broad- based economic growth             the sector’s tremendous untapped potential.
                                                              through agricultural development.
                                                                                                                       This potential is not only to assure food se-
                                                              As more than 85 percent of today’s 5.5 million           curity, improve cash incomes and provide
National Agricultural                                         people in PNG depend directly or indirectly on           comfortable livelihoods but also to bring to-
Research Institute                                            agriculture, the prosperity of agricultural commu-       tal prosperity and full development to the
P.O. Box 4415                                                 nities will be paramount in realising the prosperity     country. It follows then that the agriculture
LAE 411                                                       of all in PNG. If these communities are prosper-         sector must be targeted for development if
Morobe Province                                               ous, all in PNG and nation as whole will be pros-        the nation is to prosper and become one of
Papua New Guinea                                              perous.                                                  the developed nations of the world.
Phone: (675) 475 1444/5                                       The above rationale is based on the Institute’s          While the agriculture sector is important,
Fax: (675) 475 1450                                           assertion that agriculture is the most important         agricultural research and improved tech-
Email: nari@datec.net.pg                                      sector in the Papua New Guinea economy. This is          nologies and knowledge are seen to be the
Website: www.nari.org.pg                                                                                                                      .. continued to page 2 ..

                                                            Promoting Excellence in Agricultural Research for Development
Volume 7                                           Number 4                                                      October - December 2004


                                  Australian Senators Visit NARI
A group of Australian parliamentarians visited the Sir Alkan Tololo Research Centre of the National Agri-
cultural Research Institute (NARI) near Lae on 15 December 2004. They were members of the Australian
ministerial delegation to the 16th Australia-PNG Ministerial Forum in Lae.

NARI management gave a warm re-                                                                                       onstration blocks and
ception and briefed the delegation                                                                                    research trials of food
on the role of the Institute and re-                                                                                  crops at Bubia and
search activities undertaken.                                                                                         livestock at Labu.
                                                                                                                      The visitors were also
The visit was an opportunity for                                                                                      introduced to some of
the six Senators and four AusAID                                                                                      the recently released
representatives to also be informed                                                                                   technologies for PNG
about the challenges and oppor-                                                                                       farmers.
tunities for agriculture in PNG.
                                                                                                                    The group, led by
NARI also took the opportunity to                                                                                   Senator         Bruce
highlight the role that AusAID has                                                                                  Billson, Parliamentary
played in NARI’s development,                                                                                       Secretary for Foreign
                                              The visitors and NARI staff pose for
through its ACNARS (Australian Con-           a photograph                                  Affairs, was impressed with the different ac-
tribution to the National Agricultural Re-                                                  tivities undertaken and outputs achieved by
search Systems) Project. The one and                                                        the Institute.
half hour visit included a tour of the dem-


     .. Prosperous PNG Through ..                MP Keen to Support Farmers in his Electorate
most critical catalytic agents in promot-
                                               National Planning and Rural Development Minister Sir Moi Avei has
ing agricultural development, broad-
based economic growth and sustainable
                                               described agriculture as an important sector to promote and uphold
development.                                   for food security and improved cash income for the entire popula-
                                               tion.
In view of this the NARI Council agreed
                                               Minister Avei expressed keen inter-               pledged NARI’s willingness to collabo-
that NARI’s reworded mission statement
                                               est to support farmers in his elector-            rate and provide technical support.
be, to “Promote innovative ag-                 ate with exportable crops and to in-              He also outlined NARI’s Strategic Imple-
ricultural development in                      troduce taro, duck, and NARI’s com-               mentation Plan for 2005-2010. He told the
Papua New Guinea through                       munity based resource centre con-                 minister that in order for NARI to move
                                               cept. The activities would be formally            forward on the basis of already realised
scientific research, knowl-                    initiated with a scoping study to be              benefits, it would need core budgetary
edge creation and informa-                     carried out by NARI in the near fu-               support for at least another five years.
tion exchange”.                                ture.
                                                                                                 Dr Ghodake said while AusAID is keen
The word “promote” is used to indicate         Minister Avei also discussed                      to continue its support beyond the cur-
positive and pro-active action in the ap-      prospects for investment in                       rent ACNARS project which concludes
plication and adoption of existing and         agricultural research for the Southern            in September 2005, it would like clear guid-
new “knowledge” for agricultural devel-        Highlands, especially as the                      ance from the National Planning on
opment. Such development is realised           landowners are benefiting from the oil            NARI’s needs and priorities.
through new and innovative ideas, pro-         and gas sector. He said improved crop
cesses, approaches and technologies.           varieties and technologies should be              Dr Ghodake said such support will allow
Such technologies and knowledge arise          introduced in gas and oil rich areas to           NARI to protect the gains it has made so
from the information collected, generated      help the local people become self-                far, harness its current efficiency and ef-
and assessed through scientific research,      reliant in agricultural production. This          fectiveness, pass the benefits to the
adaptation of existing knowledge and           could be done in collaboration with               farming community and enhance NARI’s
communication amongst all actors in the        existing NGOs and development                     capacity to expand its activities to cover
agriculture sector.                            programmes and schemes put in place               high impact and high priority agricultural
                                               by resource developers.                           development needs.
By Raghunath Ghodake
   Director General, NARI                      Briefing the minister on the role of the          Hon Avei was accompanied by his Sec-
                                               Institute and its research activities, Di-        retary Mr Valentine Kambori and Police
                                               rector-General Dr Raghunath Ghodake               Commissioner Sam Inguba.
                                                        2      Promoting Excellence in Agricultural Research for Development
Volume 7                                          Number 4                                               October - December 2004


                                         PARCIP PLANNING MEETING
A planning workshop for the proposed Pacific Regional Crop Improvement Programme (PARCIP) was
convened at the head office of the Papua New Guinea National Agricultural Research Institute (NARI), Sir
Alkan Tololo Research Centre, from the 6-7 December 2004. The workshop was organised by NARI and
made possible by funding from the Plant Genetic Resources Programme of the Secretariat of the Pacific
Community (SPC).

                                                                                                                    unique posi-
The objectives were to
                                                                                                                    tion of PNG
discuss and confirm the
                                                                                                                    and the role of
structure and purpose of the
                                                                                                                    the SPC Re-
proposed PARCIP and
                                                                                                                    g i o n a l
determine roles and
                                                                                                                    Germplasm
responsibilities for further
                                                                                                                    Centre (RGC).
action.
                                                                                                                    Regional net-
                                                                                                                    working is cru-
Crop improvement adviser of
                                                                                                                    cial for PGR
AusAID’s           ACNARS
                                                                                                                    evaluation,
(Australian Contribution to
                                                                                                                    the introduc-
the National Agricultural
                                                                                                                    tion or sharing
Research System) project,
                                                                                                                    of new genetic
Dr. Davinder Singh stated
                                                                                                                    material, the
that the programme, besides
                                                                                                                    utilisation of
improving productivity and
                                                                                                                    conventional
quality of major regional food
                                                                                                                    breeding and
crops,      will     provide
                                                  The workshop participants                                         the possible
opportunities for enhanced
                                                                                          use of new biotechnology. The neces-
food security within the Pacific island
                                             tional staple root crops. Generally rel-     sity to strengthen and safeguard the
countries. It will also help develop
                                             evant issues included the opportunities      RGC was recognised and a duplication
national and regional capacities in crop
                                             for major increases in productivity, mak-    of the RGC collections in PNG was sug-
improvement.
                                             ing best use of the available plant ge-      gested.
                                             netic diversity, human resource availabil-
The meeting identified crop improve-         ity or development, the problem of the       Eleven participants from FAO sub-re-
ment research priorities in the region and   narrow genetic base for most crops,          gional office in Apia, Fiji, Tonga,
produced an agreed framework for de-         agro-ecological and social complexity,       Pohnpei, Australia, the AusAID
veloping and designing a regional            the inability of most Pacific Island coun-   ACNARS project and NARI attended
project. The crops considered were           tries to implement independent               the workshop.
aibika, banana, breadfruit and the tradi-    programmes and the critical nature of the
○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○

                  Dr Ghodake Appointed as APCoAB Member
NARI Director General Dr Raghunath Ghodake has been appointed as a member of the Asia-Pacific Con-
sortium on Agricultural Biotechnology (APCoAB) Steering Committee.

                       APCoAB is a           for human and animal welfare through         APAARI has been promoting appropri-
                       neutral forum         the application of latest scientific tech-   ate use of emerging technologies and
                       under the Asia        nologies while safeguarding the envi-        tools in the region since 1990. In the re-
                       Pacific Associa-      ronment for the advancement of society       cent past, biotechnology is emerging as
                       tion of Agricul-      in the Asia Pacific Region.”                 a supplementary tool for crop improve-
                       tural Research                                                     ment. Appreciative of the potential of
                       Institutes            The steering committee is comprised of       biotechnologies for fighting food and
                       (APAARI), of          key representatives from national agri-      nutritional security in the region,
    Dr Ghodake
                       which NARI is a       cultural research systems, collaborators,    APCoAB was established.
member. It was endorsed and estab-           support groups, and stakeholders in the
lished by the Expert Consultation and        region. Its functions are focused on         Dr Ghodake’s appointment adds value
Executive Committee of APAARI in             policy advocacy and public awareness,        and recognition to NARI and the coun-
2003. It’s mission is “To harness the        strengthening partnerships, human re-        try for agricultural research and devel-
benefits of agricultural biotechnology       source development and neutral forum         opment in the Asia Pacific region.
                                             function.
                                                       3     Promoting Excellence in Agricultural Research for Development
Volume 7                                                   Number 4                                  October - December 2004


                                Technologies Released for Farmers
Five more agricultural technologies for PNG farmers have been released by the National Agri-
cultural Research Institute (NARI). These bring the total of 21 technologies released so far. The
technologies were released during NARI’s Dry Lowlands Programme Open Day at Laloki on the
20th of October 2004.

The new technologies include a Mus-                                                    4. Banana Bit Propagation
covy duck production information pack-                                                     Technology Package
age, taro and yam mini-sett technology,                                                This technology involves cutting the
African yam management package, ba-                                                    actual base of a banana plant into
nana bit technology and the drought                                                    pieces or bits, each of which can be
coping strategies.                                                                     used to produce a new plant. It can
                                                                                       facilitate the rapid multiplication of a
1. Muscovy Duck Management                                                             large quantity of planting material at
    Package                                                                            any one time. The technique has been
In response to increasing demand for                                                   introduced to farmers throughout PNG,
information on production and manage-                                                  and they have adopted it and are us-
ment of Muscovy ducks, NARI has de-                                                    ing it successfully.
veloped this package on specific aspects
of duck farming under PNG conditions.                                                  5. Drought Coping Strategies
Written in Tok Pisin, the NARI exten-                                                  A range of drought coping strategies,
sion booklet contains 15 lessons from            Muscovy duck training booklet         documented by NARI following the
recommended management practices                                                       1997 El Nino induced drought have also
tested, endorsed and released for gen-                                                 been released by NARI. These include
                                             3. African Yam Management
eral use.                                                                              traditional coping mechanisms that can
                                                  Package
                                                                                       be used before, during and after the
                                             Native to West Africa, the white yam
2. Taro and Yam Mini-sett Rapid                                                        drought. They are detailed in a publi-
                                             Dioscorea rotundata was introduced
   Multiplication Technique                                                            cation, “Drought Response: On-Farm
                                             into PNG in 1986. Yam growing com-
The adopted technique on acquiring                                                     Coping Strategies,” NARI Information
                                             munities have successfully adopted
multiple planting materials of taro and                                                Bulletin No. 6, but are also available on
                                             this yam, commonly known as Afri-
yam using mini-setts (small pieces) cut                                                leaflets or Toktoks and CD-ROMs.
                                             can yam, and it has established vig-
from mature taro corms and yam tubers                                                  People can apply them after assessing
                                             orously and grows well under PNG
has been formally released. This tech-                                                 drought situations in their communi-
                                             conditions. NARI has formally re-
nique his being rapidly adopted and is                                                 ties.
                                             leased two varieties.
used widely and successfully in PNG.


                      NARI Field Days                                               NARI Names Building
The NARI Chemistry Laboratory based at Kila Kila in NCD and the              A newly built Information Centre at the NARI
NARI Dry Lowlands Programme at Laloki staged their annual Open               Dry Lowlands Programme at Laloki in the Central
Days on the 19 and 20 October 2004 respectively. These open days             Province has been officially named he Balthasar
included a wide range of displays and demonstrations showcasing their        Wayi Information Centre named after the late
various activities.                                                          Balthasar Wayi, a highly dedicated scientist and
                                                                                                     manager with the Depart-
Open Days are annual events, un-       opening of the Information Cen-                               ment of Agriculture and
dertaken by all NARI regional re-      tre at Laloki. The events were at-                            Livestock who passed
search programmes to show stake-       tended by the member for                                      away in 2000. The Centre
holders and the farming commu-         Kairuku Hiri Hon Sir Moi Ave,                                 was built in 2002 and be-
nity what the Institute is doing       representatives from AusAID,                                  came operational the fol-
and what is available for them.        Australian Centre for Interna-                                lowing year. It was funded
Open Days are also a chance to to      tional Agricultural Research,                                 by AusAID at a cost of
share experiences, exchange in-        Department of Agriculture and             Late Mr Wayi        K200 000. The building,
formation and educate and train-       Livestock, Office of Higher Edu-                              which also houses the
ing one another.                       cation, PNG Defence Force, Cor-       main administration office and a conference fa-
                                       rectional Institutional Services,     cility was officially unveiled by AusAID’s First
The Open Day at Laloki also saw        other statutory organisations,        Secretary for Rural Development and Disaster
formal and official release of five    NGOs and members of the sur-          Management Ms Cathie Hurst during the
new agricultural technologies to       rounding community.                   programme’s open day.
the PNG farming community and
                                                     4    Promoting Excellence in Agricultural Research for Development
Volume 7                                           Number 4                                              October - December 2004


    Taro Beetle Management Project Meeting                                                     Region Focuses on
Taro is one of the most important staple      lem, SPC and University of South Pa-            Food Security in Atoll
and cultural food crops throughout the
Pacific Region. It is also a valuable cash
                                              cific (USP). The meeting reviewed
                                              progress of the project to date and
                                                                                                   Countries
crop and is exported by some countries        endorsed the project Work Plan and
                                                                                          Food Security in Atoll Countries was the
such as Fiji and Samoa to markets in New      budget for the remaining year.
                                                                                          focus of a Pacific Regional Workshop held
Zealand and Australia. There are two                                                      in Tarawa, Kiribati from October 19 to 23
major production constraints through-                                                     2004. The workshop discussed major
out the region. These are Taro Beetle                                                     constraints to food security in atoll
pests and taro Leaf Blight Disease. The                                                   countries and identified the following eight
beetle pest is the biggest problem and                                                    priority areas for inclusion in research and
usually severely affects taro production                                                  development strategies to improve food
where it occurs. A Taro Beetle Manage-                                                    security in atoll countries:
ment Programme has been established
to find economic beetle control meth-                                                     •  food and livestock production
ods. This programme is funded by the                                                      • organic matter
Australian Centre for International Ag-                                                   •  food habits
ricultural Research (ACIAR), PNG and         Kiteni Kurika of NARI Keravat (c)            •  gender equity and partnerships
Fiji. It is managed by the Secretariat for   interviewing taro sellers at Kokopo market   • value adding to local food and by-
the South Pacific Commission (SPC). It        Promising insecticides have been              products
is implemented by the National Agricul-       identified by field trials in both PNG      • water usage
tural Research Institute in PNG and the       and Fiji. Work in the final year of the     • sustainable management of marine
Ministry of Agriculture Sugar and Land        project is likely to produce several          resources, and
resettlement (MASLR) in Fiji. The             economic chemical control recom-            • contributions to atoll food security
project commenced in January 2002 and         mendations. This will be the first evi-       by governments and stakeholders.
ends in December 2005. The annual             denced and documented economic
project meeting was held in Suva, Fiji on                                                 The above will form the basis for
                                              control methods for Taro Beetle in the
23 to 24 November 2004. Representatives                                                   developing strategic plans to improve food
                                              Pacific and should then enable farm-        security in atoll countries of the region.
were present from PNG, Fiji, Solomon          ers in all countries to produce taro
Islands, Vanuatu and New Caledonia            for home consumption, local and ex-         The workshop was sponsored by the
where Taro Beetle is a serious pest prob-     port markets.                               Institute for Research, Extension &
                                                                                          Training in Agriculture (IRETA) and the
             Women in Agriculture to Benefit                                              University of South Pacific (USP) in
                                                                                          collaboration with the Technical Centre for
               from Aussie Experience                                                     Agricultural and Rural Coorporation.

                                                                                          Participants came from the Cook Islands,
Farming women in Papua New Guinea (PNG) will benefit from the experiences of
                                                                                          Federated State of Micronesia, Marshall
Australian Women in Agriculture (AWiA). Benefits include excess to information,           Islands, Nauru, Tonga, Tuvalu and the
marketing, creating awareness, establishing possible export markets, sharing is-          Republic of Kiribati. Papua New Guinea
sues in agriculture and linking with Australian women farmers. Maria Linibi, a            was represented by Mr. Louis Kurika of
farmer leader from Markham in the Morobe Province said this after meeting with            the National Agricultural Research
her Australian counterparts in Brisbane, Australia on World Rural Women’s Day             Institute’s Atoll Research and Development
late October.                                                                             Project at Keravat, East New Britain. Mr.
                                         Maria has returned armed with ideas,             Kurika attended as a resource person and
                                         information and an open invitation to            presented a paper titled ‘ An Overview of
                                         continue discussions with AWiA. She              the Food Security situation in PNG Islands
                                         intends to use examples from the AWiA            and Atolls’. His paper also discussed
                                         experience to benefit women farmers              present efforts by the NARI Atolls Project
                                         across PNG. While thanking the                   to address food security in PNG islands
                                                                                          and atolls. The other resource persons at
                                         Department of Agriculture and Livestock
                                                                                          the workshop were from the USP, IRETA,
                                         (DAL) for making the trip possible, Mrs.
                                                                                          SPC, Ministry of Environment, Lands and
                                         Linibi said the collaboration was                Agriculture Development of the Republic
                                         successful and things look positive for          of Kiribati, women’s groups and the private
                                         further development. “I look forward to          sector.
                                         linking PNG women in agriculture with
 Maria Linibi (middle) meets Australian those in Australia. Women farmers in
 women leaders                           Australia are well established and have a            We wish our readers a very Merry
                                         network and we can learn from their                  Christmas and Prosperous New
experience and develop many new things,” Mrs. Linibi said. Mrs Linibi stressed that           Year 2005.
any further development will beef up the already established “Women’s Voices in the Food              From the editorial team
Chain” network and the “Gender Desk” within DAL.
                                                        5     Promoting Excellence in Agricultural Research for Development
Volume 7                                            Number 4                                                   October - December 2004


 AusAID Funds Facilities at NARI Tambul                                  NARI Surveys Farming Systems
                                                                            in Bougainville’s Atolls
Capacity for agricultural research and development of the Na-
tional Agricultural Research Institute (NARI) at Tambul in the          The National Agricultural Research Institute (NARI), through its
Western Highlands Province has been boosted with much needed            Atoll Research and Development Project, recently conducted a
                                                                        baseline survey of the agriculture farming systems in Nuguria,
infrastructure facilities – thanks to the Government of Australia.
                                                                        Carteret, Mortlock and Tasman Islands, the outermost group of
                                                                        atolls in the North Solomons Province. The survey was conducted
AusAID, under its Australian Contribution to the National Agri-         in October by two NARI Keravat staff Mr. Meli Lolo, the Atoll
cultural Research Systems (ACNARS) project has funded three             Project Scientist and Mr. John Bokosou, a Technical Officer with
staff houses, an extended office space and a generator set at a cost    the Entomology Section. Both were assisted by Mr. Wilfred Malin
of K 595 000.                                                           of the Division of Primary Industry, Bougainville. The survey
                                                                        will also look at the major food security and cash income generating
The construction of the facilities at the High Altitude Highlands       issues on these islands. Data from the survey will be useful in
Programme (HAHP) began in June and was completed and handed             formulating strategic plans to combat food security problems in
over to NARI in November.                                               the atoll communities.

AusAID Programme Officer, Ms Cathy Pianga, who represented                                                              The trip also
                                                                                                                        provided NARI the
the donor agency said the government of Australia is here to sup-
                                                                                                                        opportunity        to
port the government of Papua New Guinea. And this includes such
                                                                                                                        introduce planting
support in the agriculture sector for the benefit of the majority of                                                    materials of its
the rural population.                                                                                                   recommended
                                                                                                                        lowland         crop
HAHP coordinates research areas in PNG. It covers areas above                                                           varieties to broaden
1800 meters where coffee cannot grow and frost is prominent. Ac-                                                        their narrow crop
tivities undertaken in Tambul to improve food security and farmer        NARI Scientist Meli Lolo distributing base. The planting
incomes include the assessment and development of pyrethrum              planting materials of food crops to farm- materials distributed
varieties for high pyrethrin content, establishment of early matur-      ers on Tasman Island                           were of drought
ing sweet potato varieties for the higher altitudes, establishment                                                      tolerant sweet potato
of livestock research with poultry and rabbits, sheep breeding,         and cassava varieties, blight resistant taro varieties, African yam,
and potato late blight disease management and control. Wheat            rice and popular varieties of corn, banana, giant taro and vanilla.
agronomic research activities are undertaken at Kandep in the Enga      The team also observed the status of rhinoceros beetles and crazy
Province.                                                               ant in the atoll groups. Rhinoceros beetles are serious pests of
                                                                        coconuts in most areas of Papua New Guinea and pose a serious
                                                                        threat to the livelihood of atoll inhabitants who depend on coconut
           Local Support for Agriculture                                as, ‘the tree of life’. The crazy ant was recently reported as a
                                                                        nuisance pest in certain islands in Manus province.
The Western Highlands Provincial Government has expressed a
keen interest in agricultural development in the Province. Western                    Fruit and Nut Orchard
Highlands Administrator Michael Wandil said recently that agri-
                                                                        Months of negotiations are paying off for one island
culture is an important area the provincial government will con-
                                                                        community. The Duke of York Islands will now get their
tinue to support.
                                                                        first fruit and nut orchard.
                                        Mr Wandil was speaking at
                                                                        The establishment of the orchard is the culmination of
                                        the opening of infrastruc-
                                                                        months of negotiations between the NARI Atoll Project
                                        ture facilities at the Tambul
                                                                        and the Duke of York LLG in East New Britain. It only became
                                        Agricultural Research Sta-
                                                                        a reality recently when the Catholic Parish at Milmila agreed
                                        tion of the National Agri-
                                                                        to allocate a piece of land to the Atoll Project for the orchard
                                        cultural Research Institute
                                                                        block.
                                        (NARI) in December.
                                                                        Following the land allocation a shipment of 100 bud grafted
                                      While praising the Tambul
                                                                        and seedling materials set sail for Milmila in October to
                                      community to have NARI
                                                                        plant up the orchard block. The Atoll Project is planning to
                                      established in their district,
                                                                        establish similar fruit and nut orchards in other atoll
                                      Mr Wandil urged them to
                                                                        provinces. The fruit and nut orchard will act as a source of
NARI Director-General Raghunath       continue looking after the
Ghodake (R) handing some of NARI’s
                                                                        planting materials for the islanders and also further diversify
                                      research station and the
recent publications to Mr Wandil                                        the fruit and nut dietary intake on the island. It will also be
                                      work undertaken. District
                                                                        used for training purposes. The fruit and nut orchard will
                                      Administrator, Douglas
                                                                        consist of a total of 100 trees made up of 10 plants each of
                                      Lianguwa shared the same
                                                                        selected and good eating varieties of rambutan, mangosteen,
sentiments, adding that people in Tambul relied heavily on potato
                                                                        abiu, mandarin, mango, pamelo, durian, jackfruit, nutmeg
for food and cash incomeand called on the community to work in
                                                                        and okari.
partnership among themselves and with NARI.
Promoting Excellence in Agricultural Research for Development                           6
Volume 7                                             Number 4                                                 October - December 2004

   Crop Improvement Programme                                                         Farmers Training
      for Mid-altitude Farmers                                       Six farmers from East New Britain received training recently on
                                                                     basic cultivation and processing techniques of alternative cash
                                                                     crops. The farmers were from Uvol village in the Pomio district.
The National Agricultural Research Institute (NARI) has em-
                                                                     Crops covered in the training included vanilla, nutmeg, turmeric,
barked on a food crop improvement programme for the mid-
                                                                     kava and pepper. The training was organised and facilitated by
altitude areas of the New Guinea Islands region.
                                                                     the Outreach and Liaison Section of NARI Keravat.
In collaboration with the Fresh Produce Development Com-
pany and East New Britain’s Division of Primary Industry,
NARI-Keravat is hopeful that under the AusAID funded Ag-
ricultural Innovations Grant Facility, a programme for English
potato and temperate climate vegetable production will soon
get underway.

Whilst the project targets subsistence farmers in the Bainings
of East New Britain it has application to other mid-altitude
(600 masl) areas of the region, including Wakunai and Lelet in
the North Solomons and New Ireland provinces respectively.

The objectives of the project are to:
• establish a sustainable potato industry in ENB to supply
    markets in the region
• improve food security and income generating opportuni-
                                                                                    Farmers pollinating vanilla flower
    ties for mid-altitude smallholder farmers
• evaluate and recommend potato and other temperate crop             Expressing his appreciation on behalf of the group, group leader
    varieties like carrot, broccoli and cauliflower for cultiva-     Francis Itorkorong said, they learned a lot from the short train-
    tion in mid-altitude areas of PNG, and                           ing. He said they will start small plots for the different crops on
• provide training and extension support services through            their clan land when they return home. “These plantings will
   collaborating partners.                                           become sources from which the rest of the clan members can
                                                                     get planting materials and plant their own blocks.
There is a high and regular demand for potato and vegetables
in the region and the region’s market was supplied by the
Highlands. However, after the potato late blight disease epi-
demic, the supply now is from Australia and sales prices in
                                                                              Agriculture Rehabilitation
ENB are very high, ranging from K7 to K9 per kg with variable
quality (usually low) and irregular supply. The proposed
                                                                                   at CIS Keravat
programme, therefore aims to establish a thriving and sustain-
                                                                     Prisoners at Keravat Jail in the East New Britain Province
able temperate climate vegetable industry in the Bainings.
                                                                     continue to receive valuable skills and techniques in agricul-
                                                                     ture. The NARI Wet Lowlands Islands Programme is provid-
Potato and other temperate crops have been grown and mar-
                                                                     ing these through the rehabilitation programme of the Cor-
keted on a small scale in the past by farmers from Bainings.
                                                                     rectional Institutional Services (CIS).
However, production of potato ceased because of the unavail-
ability of disease free planting material
                                                                     With the aim of training prisoners, NARI is involving prisoners
                                                                     in a European Union Commercial Project at its Keravat station.
NARI has the potential to provide the required cheap, disease
                                                                     The prisoners get training on activities such as nursery man-
free potato planting material on a sustainable basis from its
                                                                     agement practices, vanilla production and processing and crop
established tissue culture and screen house facilities at Keravat
                                                                     protection (plant derived pesticides, composting techniques,
and newly acquired Anismetki research facility.
                                                                     and banana pests). Information on highly valued alternative
                                                                     cash crops such as vanilla, balsa, turmeric, pepper, nutmeg and
The project will primarily involve the multiplication and distri-
                                                                     base crop like cocoa are provided.
bution of proven planting materials for immediate
commercialisation. This includes the introduction and evalua-
                                                                     Through this programme, it is hoped they will learn valuable
tion of new promising varieties, and providing training and
                                                                     skills that will enable them to participate meaningfully in agri-
extension support to Baining smallholders on potato and veg-
                                                                     cultural development when they return to their communities.
etable cultivation and marketing techniques.
2
2109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321
2109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321
                                                                 1
                                                                 1   NARI Keravat plans to establish a total of 72 hectares of com-
2109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321
  10987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432
2109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321
2109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321     mercial crops under the European Union Commercial Project.
                                                                     These include crops such as balsa, cocoa, turmeric, pepper,
2109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321
2109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321
2109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321
                                                                     nutmeg, taun, okari and galip.
2109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321
2109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321
2109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321
2109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321
2109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321
2109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321
210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432
2109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321

Promoting Excellence in Agricultural Research for Development                7
Volume 7                                            Number 4                                                  October - December 2004

                                       PATTAF Management Training
A training on management, mentoring and capacity                     NARI is grateful to AusAID, PATTAF, TAFE GLOBAL, Na-
building for the National Agricultural Research In-                  tional Training Council and their facilitators who have made
stitute (NARI) was successfully concluded in Sep-                    this training possible and a success.
tember 2004.
                                                                     NARI Management also commends all staff who participated
More than 160 staff took part in this training funded by AusAID      in the training and those who have excelled and attained cer-
and organised by the Papua New Guinea Australia Targeted             tificates at various levels and diploma in business (accredited
Training Facility (PATTAF) and delivered jointly by TAFE Glo-        in NSW). This is personal enhancement for all participants
bal and Tanorama Limited.                                            and will also add to their capacity to contribute to the Institute’s
                                                                     outputs.




                                                                      NARI to Begin an “Excellence Award”
                                                                                  Programme
                                                                     The National Agricultural Research Institute (NARI) will have
                                                                     an Institute wide Recognition of Excellence Award Programme
                                                                     starting in 2005. The programme was approved given by the
                                                                     NARI Council at its meeting on 17 December 2004.

                                                                     The purpose of the award is to recognise performance by staff
                                                                     and alter behaviour of staff. The programme will be imple-
                                                                     mented on a pilot basis in 2005 and may be modified as neces-
                                                                     sary.

                                                                     An Awards Committee has been formed comprising NARI’s
NARI Dry Lowland Programme Research Leader Rosa Kambuou (l)
receiving her award from PATTAF Facility Manager Ms Libby            Director Research, Chief Scientist and Senior Administrative
McMillan (r)                                                         and Human Resources Officer. The committee will soon call for
                                                                     nominations.
The training was one of the major initiatives aimed at building
the capacity of NARI staff at various levels of management,          The programme is open to all staff . All staff are, therefore,
and at enhancing their capacity to manage NARI resources for         encouraged to take a keen interest in it. Programme leaders,
agricultural development.                                            managers, section heads and leaders are specifically requested
                                                                     to support this programme for the benefit of the staff and the
The Institute has emerged as a vibrant and dynamic                   Institute.
organisation, with great potential to develop further in the im-
mediate future to become a centre of excellence in agricultural      The criteria for selection, among other things, looks at creativ-
research and information sharing.                                    ity and initiative, and output and productivity.The guidelines
                                                                     and process of this programme are based on job performance,
However, the single most challenge for it is the development         accomplishments bound for significant impact on agricultural
and management of quality human resources. This resource is          development and innovative work with impact-oriented results.
the key to the growth and sustainability of the Institute and
thereby to its effective contribution to development.                Awards may be to individuals or groups and will be open to all
                                                                     categories of staff, including ancillary and project staff. The
The PATTAF Programme brought a range of training options             committee will call for nominations prior to the annual round of
including:                                                           Performance and Development Reviews (PDRs) in February of
                                                                     each year. Nominations may be made based on the PDRs by
•   Frontline management for senior managers as well as for          Research Programme Leaders, Programme Managers, Divisional
    supervisors, technicians and ancillary staff,                    Heads, and Executive Management. Any employee or group of
•   Customised mentoring programme,                                  employees may nominate any other employee or group. The
•   Workplace training and assessment (trainer plus one), and        Committee will consider all the proposals but can act indepen-
•   Training in office skills.                                       dently of any nominations. Final approval will be given by the
                                                                     Director-General (who will not be eligible for nomination) and
The training covered 167 NARI staff from Top Management to           there will be no rights of appeal.
ancillary staff and members of the NARI Council. The training
took place at eight different NARI centres across the New            Further clarification canl be sought from the committee mem-
Guinea Islands, Momase, Southern and Highlands Regions.              bers.


                                                       8       Promoting Excellence in Agricultural Research for Development
Volume 7                                             Number 4                                                October - December 2004


 The PNG Kava Story - A Potential Cash Crop for the Future
                                                          By Dr John Moxon                        which also contain kavalactones in
Kava, Piper methistycum, is extremely                                                             smaller concentrations are not used
important both culturally (ceremonially)        2nd December 2004 in Suva, Fiji. The pur-         because they are believed to con-
and socially (as a beverage) in Fiji,           pose of the conference was to share               tain harmful substances. This is
Vanuatu, Samoa and Tonga. This has              current knowledge and information on              most probably a chemical called
probably been so for thousands of               kava between stakeholders from all parts          Piper methisticine - present at very
years. It is believed to have been wide-        of the world in order to produce evidence         low levels in roots but at much
spread throughout PNG but displaced             and an action plan that would best ad-            higher concentrations in stems.
by the introduction and use of Betel Nut        dress and reverse the current ban and             Stems have been exported for drug
many hundreds of years ago. In PNG              adverse publicity on kava tablets. Some           formulation and so this may be one
today, it is traditionally cultivated in only   35 technical papers, reviews and case             reason for the alleged liver toxicity
a few locations in Western, Madang,             studies on various aspects of kava pro-           cases.
New Ireland and Manus provinces. Each           duction, processing, toxicology and          •    The most serious production threat
ethnic group growing kava in PNG has            pharmacology were presented and de-               of kava throughout the Pacific is a
its own unique variety and traditional          liberated. The following conclusions              disease called kava dieback. The
customs surrounding it. In the Pacific it       emerged:                                          disease can cause majors loss in
is consumed daily by men in large quan-         • Of 91 reported cases of liver toxicity          production where it occurs. The
tities as a relaxing beverage but in PNG             to kava, only about 4 could be               disease is believed to be due to a
it’s main use is ceremonial. The relaxing            substantiated. Even so, 91 cases by          virus called CMV. Only one variety
effects of kava have often been said to              some 50 million users is still               in the world is believed to be toler-
be a far better and a preferred alterna-             insignificant.                               ant / resistant to this disease. This
tive to alcohol.                                • Daily consumption of kava by males              is a kava from PNG. It was reported
                                                     in the four Pacific countries is ex-         that this variety is now a favored
                                                     tremely high yet no toxic effects on         drinking variety in Hawaii.
                                                     the liver have been ever reported       •    Kava is propagated by cuttings. It
                                                     here.                                        is easy to grow, has few pest or dis-
                                                • Statistical evidence from clinical tri-         ease problems in PNG and is ready
                                                     als in Europe clearly proved that            for harvest in about 3 to 5 years.
                                                     kava in tablet form has a real and           Kava does not readily flower and
                                                     positive effect on reducing anxiety          so varieties present in each coun-
                                                     levels in patients.                          try today are those that have been
                                                • All toxicology experiments to date              carefully selected and preserved by
                                                     on human liver cells in vitro and on         farmers over thousands of years.
                                                     mice showed insignificant toxicity           Without the farmer, the kava vari-
                                                     of the six main kavalactone com-             ety would simply have died out and
                                                     pounds – the active ingredients of           lost for ever.
                                                     kava.
                                                • Traditionally, only certain kava va-       All in all, there is a good possibility that
Madang short - kava variety released by
                                                     rieties are used whilst others are      in one to two years time the ban on kava
NARI
                                                     avoided usually due to residual ef-     as a pharmaceutical product could be
Kava also has a wide range of medicinal              fects-for example, the Tudey kavas      lifted and the crop again become an im-
properties and is used as a treatment for            of Vanuatu can have a residual and      portant export cash crop for farmers in
stress, anxiety and insomnia. In recent              undesirable effect over one to two      PNG and the Pacific. Lessons need to
years, it was exported to developed                  days-a kind of hang-over. Tradi-        be learned from past problems that have
countries including Europe and the USA               tionally, wild or false kavas are not   crippled the lucrative export kava indus-
where it was formulated into tablets and             used due to their potentially harm-     try. Most notably, the need for the Pa-
marketed as a herbal medicine. This mar-             ful effects.                            cific countries to unite to introduce and
ket rapidly expanded in the late 1990’s         • Many indiscriminate kava varieties         enforce quality standards and regula-
and kava became an important source                  have been exported and used in the      tions that will ensure medically safe,
of income for small farmers and a valu-              tablet industry including even wild     good quality export kava. In addition,
able export earner for the pacific coun-             or false kavas. This is because         the international patent by the Govern-
tries. However, in 2000, almost all the              people were quick to exploit the high   ments of PNG and other Pacific nations
overseas markets ceased due to bans or               prices in the absence of any kind of    of their unique kava varieties to protect
strong health warnings on kava issued                quality control both between Pa-        exploitation and over production by for-
by USA and European drug regulatory                  cific countries and export to Europe    eign countries.
bodies. The reason was said to be liver              and the USA. It is not surprising
toxicity caused by the kava tablets.                 therefore that some toxicity prob-      * Further information on kava can be
                                                     lems may have arisen.                   obtained from NARI, LAES Keravat, P.
The First International Conference on           • Traditionally, only kava roots are         O. Box 204, Kokopo, East New Britain.
Kava was held from 30th November to                  used for drinking. Kava stems           Phone 9839200, Fax 9839129.
Promoting Excellence in Agricultural Research for Development                  9
Volume 7                                              Number 4                                              October - December 2004

                                                We would like to hear from you. In this column, we
                                                will be publishing your letters (views, opinion, etc.) in
                                                regard to any issue that is published in NARI NIUS
                                                or other relevant agricultural research issues that
                                                you wish to express. We will publish your letters or
                                                email and fax messages requesting NARI publica-
      Editor: james.laraki@global.net.pg        tions and other information.



                               Some Thoughts on NARI Research
Thought Number 1                                                           Thought Number 2

NARI should be concerned about the balance between research                 We are rightly trying to encourage our scientists and
and extension and the necessity of maintaining investment in               train our new scientists in the classical approach to re-
research. I think it important that we are not deviated from our           search. This means of course having clear objectives and
Research function by the current emphasis being put on Dis-                problem definition, true randomization, adequate replica-
semination in our attempts to redress the perceived imbalance.             tion, appropriate design and analysis, careful data han-
We must not fall into the trap created by DAL in the mid 1980s             dling, the drawing of sensible conclusions from the find-
when they decided that we knew so much and had so much tech-               ings and timely write-up of the results. We must not toler-
nology not being implemented that we did not need any more                 ate shoddy work in any circumstances. However, there
research (I am exaggerating of course) but only extension of es-           are situations when strict adherence to the pure classical
tablished technologies. The ACNARS Project Director spoke of               approach in the design and analysis aspects may not be
this at the recent Project Coordination Group Meeting when he              feasible and perfectly acceptable and useful outcomes
stated that AusAID would get its best return on investment by              can be achieved by taking a more flexible approach. This
concentrating on the R&D sector. The problem that usually                  may happen with on-farm research when all possible vari-
arises concerns the nature and scope of the D (Development).               ables likely to affect the results cannot be controlled by
Are we talking about Technology Development or Rural Devel-                strict replication and randomization. For example, we may
opment? I was reading in the NZ AgScience bulletin that “Gov-              have to stagger treatments in time and space, with differ-
ernment funding is best focused on excellent investigator led              ent start dates on different farms. In such situations the
research; applied research is best done by companies close to              conclusions drawn may still be perfectly valid but much
the market”. We do not have the luxury of many such companies              more care is required in interpretation of results and the
and we rightly have an applied research duty to the majority of            making of recommendations for farmers.
our farmer partners. However, the point is that we (PNG) must
continue to emphasise ongoing and increased investment in Re-              My thoughts are drawn to the situation that occurred
search and Technology Development, with a variable degree of               with dairy farming research in New Zealand in the 1950s
appliedness, if we are to not only catch up but keep up with the           and 1960s. Un-replicated, paddock or farm scale trials were
rest of the world in the application of science and technology to          set up to test variations in the technologies concerned
innovation in agriculture.                                                 with pasture management, cow stocking rates and graz-
                                                                           ing management. The slogan was to “Get two blades of
I personally do not share the current concern that the main prob-          grass to grow where one grew before”. The idea was to
lem in progressing agricultural development is the lack or failure         make the cows and pastures to work as hard as possible
of Extension. If we develop good technologies and excellent new            to achieve maximum milk output per hectare (acres in those
varieties, and make these public, the PNG farmer will adapt and            days). It worked. Farmers came, saw and were conquered.
adopt them. History tells us that PNG farmers will innovate when           They did not need any convincing since the results were
they see the real benefits and I believe that good technology              obvious and could be applied on the home farm. But the
sells itself. We only have to make it known and available. Having          Director of the Ruakura Animal Research Station at that
said that, it is incumbent upon us not only to produce appropri-           time was criticised by the purists for allowing his scien-
ate, high quality research outputs but to ensure the means of              tists to do “unscientific” research. So sometimes if your
publicity are built into all of our projects.                              technological innovations are good enough they will
                                                                           speak for themselves and you can accelerate the process
The current emphasis of the Agricultural Innovation Grant Facility         of turning an idea into a farm practice. Often we are work-
series of projects is encouraging us to put more effort into               ing at the margins of incremental gains in productivity
dissemination of our technologies and work in closer cooperation           but bear in mind that the world’s largest primary product
with our extension partners, especially the NGOs but also those            export industry, arguably the most efficient agricultural
dedicated DAL/DPI officers who are still out there. This is good           export industry the world has ever seen, is based firmly
but yet should not deflect us from emphasis on our prime function          on the radical ideas of a few scientists who were prepared
– doing good research. The emphasis of AIGF may change after               to throw caution to the wind and “traim tasol”.
the trial period to allow in future for contestable AusAID funding
of longer term research and we should do our best to encourage             By Alan Quartermain
this kind of support. This we can best do by preparing excellent           (quartermain@global.net.pg)
projects in high priority areas, doing the work carefully and getting
the results published in the shortest possible time.

Promoting Excellence in Agricultural Research for Development                      10
Volume 7                                         Number 4                                        October - December 2004



                                  NARI PUBLICATIONS
I.         Extension Booklet Series
1.         How to Produce Home-made Pesticides
2.         Descriptive List of Selected Sweet Potato Varieties for Lowland Conditions
3.         Efficient Propagation Techniques for Taro Multiplication
4.         NARI Recommended Taro Hybrids
5.         Wetiwa Gras
6.         Four Recommended Upland Rice Varieties for Lowland Climates
7.         Sampela Toktok Bilong Lukautim Maskovi Pato
II.        Technical Bulletin Series
1.         Description of Selected Sweet Potato Varieties for Lowland Conditions: Selection as of December 1998
2.         Towards an Integrated Cabbage Pest Management Strategy for the Wet Lowlands of Papua New Guinea
3.         Improved Taro Varieties with Resistance to Taro Leaf Blight for Papua New Guinea Farmers
4.         Conservation of Domestic Animal Genetic Resources in Papua New Guinea
5.         Potential for a Pepper Industry in Papua New Guinea
6.         Evaluation of Sweet Potato Varieties in Eight Pacific Island Countries and the Philippines:
           Results and Recommendations as of April 1993
7.         Strategies for Agriculture and Rural Development in Papua New Guinea
8.         Sweet Potato Variety Evaluation in PNG: Achievements and Methods
9.         Yam Germplasm Collection in PNG
10.        Pig Nutrition Research in PNG in the 1970s and Early 1980s
III.       Information Bulletin Series
1.         Vanilla
2.         Durian
3.         Research Networks for Identified Agricultural Research Priorities in the Pacific Sub-region
4.         Recent Achievements: 1998 - 2002 of the National Agricultural Research Institute
5.         NARI Contribution to Export Driven Agricultural Growth and Import Replacement
6.         Drought Response: On-Farm Coping Strategies
7.         Rambutan
8.         Pepino: A New From Crop for the Highlands of PNG
9.         Growing Apples in PNG
IV.        Conference Paper Series
1.         Focus for Agricultural Research in Papua New Guinea
2.         Distribution and Management of Siam Weed in Papua New Guinea
3.         Current Status of Pesticide Use in Papua New Guinea
4.         Present Status of Sweet Potato Genetic Resources and Possibility of In Situ Conservation in Papua New Guinea
5.         Status of Traditional Vegetables Conservation and Use in Papua New Guinea - A Country Report
6.         Agricultural Research, Technology and Innovation Systems for Agriculture and Rural Development in PNG
7.         Science, Technology and Innovation; Vision for Pacific Agricultural and Rural Development
V.         Workshop Proceedings
1.         Proceedings of the NARI Poultry Workshop
2.         Prospects for Vanilla Development in Papua New Guinea. Proceedings of a Farmer/Researcher/Marketer Workshop
3.         Highlands Horticultural Workshop Proceedings
4.         Proceedings of the Cassava Workshop
5.         Report on Women's Voices in the Food Chain: Shouts and Whispers from PNG Women in the Natural Resources
           Sectors, Volume 1
           Proceedings on Women's Voices in the Food Chain: Shouts and Whispers from PNG Women in the Natural Resources
           Sectors, Volume 2
6.         Proceedings of the Pig Production Research and Development Workshop
VI.        Crop Descriptor List
1.         Passport Information and Minimum Descriptor List for Aibika (Abelmoschus manihot) L. Medik


                                          NARI Resource Centres
  To obtain copies of NARI Publications and Toktoks, contact our Resource Centres based at Bubia, Keravat,
  Laloki and Mt Hagen using the addresses given on the back page of this newsletter. We also have a NARI
  Publications Catalogue which you may obtain from these centres to check our prices and place your order.
  Visit our website for an update on the latest publications and Toktoks: www.nari.com.pg

                                                11    Promoting Excellence in Agricultural Research for Development
        NARI Programmes and Contact Addresses
NARI Head Office                     NARI - Wet Lowlands            NARI - Wet Lowlands Islands    NARI - Dry Lowlands Pro-
Kana Aburu Haus                      Mainland Programme             Programme                      gramme
Sir Alkan Tololo Research            Sir Alkan Tololo Research      Keravat                        Laloki
Centre                               Centre                         P.O. Box 204                   P.O. Box 1828
P.O. Box 4415                        P.O. Box 1639                  KOKOPO                         PORT MORESBY
LAE 411                              LAE 411                        East New Britain               National Capital District
Morobe Province                      Morobe Province                Papua New Guinea               Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea                     Papua New Guinea               Phone: (675) 983 9145/9200     Phone: (675) 328 1015
Phone: (675) 475 1444/5              Phone: (675) 475 1033          Fax: (675) 983 9129                           323 5511
Fax: (675) 475 1450                  Fax: (675) 475 1034            Email: narilli@global.net.pg   Fax: (675) 323 4733
Email: nari@datec.net.pg             Email:nariwll@global.net.pg                                   Email:dlplaloki@global.net.pg



NARI High Altitude Highlands         NARI Highlands                  NARI Livestock Programme       NARI Chemistry Laboratory
Programme - Tambul                   Programme - Aiyura              Sir Alkan Tololo Research      - Kilakila
P.O. Box 120                         P.O. Box 384                    Centre                         P.O. Box 8277
MT HAGEN                             KAINANTU                        P.O. Box 1639                  BOROKO
Western Highlands Province           Eastern Highlands Province      LAE 411                        National Capital District
Papua New Guinea                     Papua New Guinea                Morobe Province                Papua New Guinea
Phone: (675) 542 3443                Phone: (675) 737 3500           Papua New Guinea               Phone: (675) 321 2690
Fax: (675) 542 2779                  Fax: (675) 737 3516             Phone: (675) 475 1066          Fax: (675) 320 2411
Email: hahp@global.net.pg            Email: narimh@global.net.pg     Fax: (675) 475 1248            Email: narichem@dg.com.pg
                                                                     Email:labu@global.net.pg


National Agricultural Insect
Collection
P.O. Box 1691
BOROKO
National Capital District
Papua New Guinea
Phone: (675) 321 0218
Fax: (675) 320 2411
Email: narikila@global.net.pg




                          National Agricultural Research Institute, Sir Alkan Tololo Research Centre, NARI Head Office, Kana
                          Aburu Haus, P.O. Box 4415, LAE 411, Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea, Phone: (675) 475 1444
                          Fax: (675) 475 1450 Email: james.laraki@global.net.pg




                                                                     To:
This Newsletter is published quarterly by the Information and
Publications Unit of the National Agricultural Research
Institute.

Editor:                James Laraki
Direction:             Alan R. Quartermain
Design/Layout:         James Laraki
Distribution:          N. Bali/K. Wioga

Your contributions, views and opinions on the Newsletter
can be sent to the editor using the above address. The me-
dia and other interested organisations or individuals may
use parts or whole articles from NARI Nius with clear
acknowledgement as to source.


                                        Promoting Excellence in Agricultural Research