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Skeletal System Review Flashcards

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					 What is the name of                 What do the two             What are the living
   the membrane                   types of bone marrow          cells found inside of
 covering the surface                      do?                         bones?
       of bone?




   What is the hard,                What is the lattice-         Where in the body
  dense part of bone               shaped inside part of         are semimovable
       called?                        bone called?                 joints found?




 Where in the body is              Where in the body is        Where in the body is
 a hinge joint found?             a ball-and-socket joint      a saddle joint found?
                                          found?




 Where in the body is               What is the longest         What is the name of
 a pivot joint found?               single bone in the         the connective tissue
                                          body?                that holds two bones
                                                                     together?




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What is osteoporosis, What is the name of a What is the name of a
and how is it caused? bone broken at a 45º bone broken at a 90º
                             angle?                angle?




What is the name of a What is the name of a                    What is a compound
fracture that causes fracture that does not                         fracture?
 the bone to shatter     go completely
   into fragments?     through the bone?




   What is a simple                What is the scientific      What is the scientific
     fracture?                      name of bone #1?            name of bone #2?




 What is the scientific            What is the scientific      What is the scientific
  name of bone #3?                  name of bone #4?            name of bone #5?




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 What is the scientific            What is the scientific      What is the scientific
   name for the                   name for the bones in          name for the
     kneecap?                        the fingertips?             breastbone?




 What is the scientific            What is the scientific      What is the name of
  name for the wrist               name for the ankle           the channels found
       bones?                            bones?                within bone that carry
                                                                  blood vessels?




 What is the scientific               What is arthritis?        What does synovial
   name for the                                                     fluid do?
      tailbone?




Where are fixed joints              What do bone cells         What is the scientific
      found?                              do?                   name of the skull?




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                                       Yellow marrow –
        Osteocytes                         Stores fat                   Periostium


                                        Red marrow –
                                       Makes blood cells




The vertebrae of the back                Spongy bone                  Compact bone
    or spinal column




          Thumbs                        Hip or shoulder               Elbow or knee




         Ligaments                         The femur             Where the base of the
                                                                 skull connects to the
                                                                       vertebrae




Educational Resource written by James Dauray   |    http://www.aurumscience.com       4
                                                                Osteoporosis is when the
   Transverse fracture                  Oblique fracture          bones weaken due to
                                                                lack of calcium. Caused
                                                                 by old age, not drinking
                                                                 enough milk, or drinking
                                                                     too much soda.




A broken bone that goes               Incomplete fracture         Comminuted fracture
    through the skin




                                                                A broken bone that does
                                                                 not go through the skin




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          Sternum                          Phalanges                           Patella




   Haversian channels                          Tarsals                         Carpals




 Provides lubrication and         Inflammation of the joints                   Coccyx
 protection in the joints.         caused by the wearing
                                       down of cartilage.




        The cranium                Makes new bone tissue                    The cranium




Educational Resource written by James Dauray      |      http://www.aurumscience.com      6

				
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Description: A set of flashcards for review at the end of the skeletal system unit. The questions and answers alternate pages..