The Great Gatsby Notes2 by Elyanne

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									TITLE & GENERAL                  2


CHARACTERS                       2


NICK CARRAWAY                    2
JAY GATSBY                       3
DAISY BUCHANAN                   3
TOM BUCHANAN                     3
JORDAN BAKER                     4
MYRTLE WILSON                    4
GEORGE WILSON                    4


THEMES                           5


RELATIONSHIPS                    5
CONSUMERISM                      5
THE AMERICAN DREAM               5
IMITATION OF SCOTT FITZGERALD    5
DIFFERENT PERCEPTIONS            5


CHAPTERS                         6


CHAPTER 1                        6
CHAPTER 2                        7
CHAPTER 3                       10
CHAPTER 4                       11
CHAPTER 5                       12
CHAPTER 6                       12
CHAPTER 7                       13
CHAPTER 8                       15
The Great Gatsby
Title & General
       “The Great...” like a magician or showman
       Chasing the American Dream
       You can achieve whatever you want
       Lots of characters named after animals or plants
       “West Egg”  Eggs are associated with growth and birth. Ironic because in the book West
        Egg represents sterility. (Always the same, stunted growth). East Egg is wealthier.




Characters
Nick Carraway
    Carraway Sea
    The narrator is shown to be sensitive. He notes “a sudden intimation that he was content
       to be alone” even though they are far away from each other. (Chapter 1)
    “I’m inclined to reserve all judgements”, “has opened up many curious natures to me” 
       Nick (the narrator) saying that he is quiet and lets other people talk to him. Expressing what
       makes him a good narrator. (Chapter 1)
    Fitzgerald thinks the book “Simon called Peter” is immoral. Nick is a very moral character
       and the book “didn’t make any sense to [him]” (Chapter 2)
    “I have been drunk just twice in my life”  suggests he is clear headed and a reliable
       narrator. (Chapter 2)
    “I wiped from his cheek the spot of dried lather that had worried me all the afternoon” 
       Precise and ordered. Restrained and controlled. Therefore admires Gatsby who is a dreamer.
       (Chapter 2)
    “Reading over what I have written so far...”  Trying to be authentic and truthful. (Chapter
       3)
    “I even had a short affair with a girl who lived in Jersey City”  Makes him appear more
       human. (Chapter 3)
    “Imagining that I, too, was hurrying towards gaiety and sharing their intimate excitement,
       I wished them well”  Portrays Nick as an outsider like Gatsby. (Chapter 3)
    “I knew that first I had to get myself definitely out of that tangle back home”  Very
       moral, contrast to unscrupulous circle that he moves in. (Chapter 3)
    “As though they cared”  Makes you feel sorry for Gatsby, and also shows that Nick is on
       his side. Quite a snide remark compared to the measured tone so far in the book. (Chapter
       5)
    “You’re acting like a little boy”  Not many people would speak to Gatsby like that.
       (Chapter 5)
       “Overwhelming self-absorption”  Nick clearly admires him but isn’t ignorant of his vain
        side.

Jay Gatsby
     Gatsby is “regarding the silver pepper of the stars”, i.e. he is looking at the stars. Although
       he has been very pragmatic in accumulating his great wealth, he is a dreamer. (Chapter 1)
     “A wafer of a moon was shining over Gatsby’s house”  Gats by associated with the moon
       and stars. He is a dreamer, fickle and changeable, mysterious. (Chapter 3)
     “He came alive to me, delivered suddenly from the womb of his purposeless splendour” 
       Gatsby takes on a depth. (Chapter 3)
     “Dark signs of sleeplessness” Elicits sympathy for Gatsby because we see he genuinely
       suffers. (Chapter 5)
     “Gatsby looked with vacant eyes through a copy of Clay’s Economics” Emotional and
       sensitive but also astute and able to make money. (Chapter 5)
     Gatsby invest everything in Daisy but we realise that she isn’t quite worth it because she lack
       the depth to keep Gatsby happy. Although he seems so mesmerised by her that he would
       forgive her anything even though she can never live up to his expectations. (Chapter 6)
     “James Gatz”  Changed his name, transformation. (Chapter 6)
     “His imagination had never really accepted them as his parents at all”  Couldn’t accept
       his mundane background, thought himself better than his parents. (Chapter 6)
     “Sprang from his Platonic conception of himself”  Has another idea about
       himself(Chapter 6)
     “And to this conception he was faithful to the end”  Won’t give up his dream, what Nick
       likes about him. (Chapter 6)
     “His heart was in a constant turbulent riot”  Can achieve everything he was materially but
       internally he is empty. (Chapter 6)
    




Daisy Buchanan
    Delicate like a daisy
    Nick comments of Daisy’s “Turbulent emotions”. He is being ironic, she is too flimsy and
       superficial to have deep emotions. (Chapter 1)
    “I wasn’t back from the war” – “Well, I’ve had a very bad time”. Selfish, nothing in
       comparison to war. (Chapter 1)
    When Nicks tries to talk about the baby, Daisy replies “Oh, yes.” and looks at Nick
       “absently”. Unlike most mothers she isn’t really interested in the baby. (Chapter 1)

Tom Buchanan
   Violent
   “Restlessly” (Chapter 1)
   “Cruel Body” (Chapter 1)
   “Arrogant Eyes” (Chapter 1)
   Not cultured
       Judges people on wealth. Like Gatsby but Gatsby has more depth.
       Likes to be in control “Imperatively” “Compelled” (Chapter 1)
       “Tom’s getting very profound”  irony because he is not very profound. “It’s been proved”
        sounds like he doesn’t know very much about the subject really. (Chapter 1)
       “That he had [a mistress] was insisted upon wherever I was known”. Tom lacks morality, is
        openly having an affair. Doesn’t care about the effect on other people (like daisy).
            o Tom is cocooned by his wealth so he doesn’t have to face up to moral obligations.
                 He is the worst side of extreme materialism. (Chapter 2)
       “Yawned audibly”  Tom has no manners. He is rude. (Chapter 2)



Jordan Baker
    Nick says he has heard of a “critical and unpleasant” story about Jordan Baker. We find out
       later that she had cheated in sports, yet she still has a “contemptuous expression”. It shows
       the seedy side of the American Dream. (Chapter 1)
    “Jordan Baker instinctively avoided clever, shrewd men”  Contrast to Gatsby who is a
       dreamer. (Chapter 3)
    “Suggestions that she had moved her ball from a bad lie in the semi-final round” 
       Unsavoury side of the American Dream, win out any cost including abandoning morals.
       (Chapter 3)
    “Clean, hard, limited person”  sounds like a negative description but attracts Nick.
       (Chapter 4)
    “And Daisy ought to have something in her life”  Jordon, through her own limitations,
       fells an “affair” is sufficient but that’s not enough for Gatsby. (Chapter 4)
    “In a way that every young girl wants to be looked at sometime”  Shows a different side
       to Jordan. (Chapter 4)




Myrtle Wilson
    Evergreen shrub. Hardy perennial (Because of where you come from), contrast to Daisy.
    Poor so sees Buchanan as a way of escape.

George Wilson
    George Washington, Woodrow Wilson. Names of presidents, evocative for reader, pure
    George Wilson is a contrast to Tom. He is poor and desperate for business so he has to
      grovel to Tom  demeaning. A nauseating display of wealth. (Chapter 2)
    “The shock had made him physically sick”  To find out that Myrtle was having an affair.
      Similar to Gatsby because they are besotted. Therefore act emotionally, not rationally.
      (Chapter 7)
Themes
Relationships
    The telephone rang “startlingly” because of all the tension in the room. (Chapter 1)
    “I think the home influence will be good for her”. Then “Daisy and Tom looked at each
       other for a moment in silence” because of the tension in the family. (Chapter 1)

Consumerism
    Cars
           o “An old Dodge” A type of car. (Nick) (Chapter 1)
           o “Red Petrol Pumps”  A reference to cars. Written during the age of the
               automobile and the birth of the consumer market. (Chapter 1)
           o The car is a symbol of those who have, although nick has a car too.
           o “Rolls Royce”  Gatsby’s car: Typical expensive English car. (Chapter 3)
    “Two hundred and sixty five dollars” Impressed most by the cost, not Gatsby’s kindness
      in giving the dress. (Chapter 3)
    “Amusement Park”  Just starting to come about. (Chapter 3)
    “Hydroplane”  Luxury, materialism (Chapter 3)
    “Madame de Maintenon”  Wife of Louis XIV who is scheming (like the women who are
      trying to seduce Cody). Also, Louis XIV associated with splendour. (Chapter 6)


The American Dream
    “Shining secrets that only Midas and Morgan and Maecenas knew” (Chapter 1)
    “one of the most powerful ends that ever played football at New Haven” (Chapter 1)
    “Valley of Ashes” is the down side to where Tom and Daisy live. Industrialisation. Toil
      generates wealth that only a few can benefit from. (Chapter 1)
    “Struck by the number of young Englishmen”  Not quite as rich, go to the US in pursuit of
      money. (Chapter 3)
    “Suggestions that she had moved her ball from a bad lie in the semi-final round” 
      Unsavoury side of the American Dream, win out any cost including abandoning morals.
      (Chapter 3)
   

Imitation of Scott Fitzgerald
    When asked about marriage, Nick says he’s “too poor”. In those days you needed money to
       marry the right type of girl. A reference to Fitzgerald’s own life, he liked a girl but was not
       deemed to be posh enough by her parents to marry her. (Chapter 1)

Different Perceptions
     “The eyes of Dr. T. J. Ecklesburg are blue and gigantic” (Chapter 2)
     “He’s a smart man”  He managed to pull off such a big stunt and not get caught but he
       appears uneducated. Don’t judge people. (Chapter 4)
    
Chapters
Chapter 1
    “I’m inclined to reserve all judgements”, “has opened up many curious natures to me” 
      Nick (the narrator) saying that he is quiet and lets other people talk to him. Expressing what
      makes him a good narrator.
    “Remember that all the people in the world haven’t had the advantages that you’ve had”
       Gatsby has had no advantages in life.
    “Hostile Levity”  Levity means silliness.
    “Dukes of Buccleuch” The notes in the book say that another name for this is the Duke of
      Doncaster...see page 65.
    “Graduated from New Haven”  i.e. Yale, therefore he is intelligent.
    “Teutonic” means Germanic. “Teutonic migration”
    “I came East” Traditionally in the American Dream you go west.
    “An old Dodge” A type of car.
    “Shining secrets that only Midas and Morgan and Maecenas knew” Satire of American
      business where money is the equivalent of gods. He is saying it is a materialistic world.
    “I wrote a series of solemn and obvious editorials for the Yale news” Admits his is not a
      very good journalist  Is he a reliable narrator?
    Epigram = Short, memorable phrase.
    “Life is much more successfully looked at from a single window, after all”. Means you
      should be a specialist and very good at a narrow subject in order to make a name for
      yourself and be successful. Also, if you have an obsession then you are more focused and
      therefore more successful.
    “Riotous Island”
    He references the “Columbus Story” because it is a story of hope, and coming to a new,
      unspoiled America  parallel to what is happening to him.
    Gatsby’s house is compared to the “Hôtel de Ville in Normandy”. It demonstrates that
      America has none of its own culture but takes the best bits from Europe. However, it is
      superficial and appearance is everything. They have had no time to acquire real taste.
      Gatsby’s house also represents his personality.
    Nick’s house is small in comparison to the others “a small eyesore”. He doesn’t fit in and it is
      understated. Reflects his personality.
    Tom was “one of the most powerful ends that ever played football at New Haven” 
      another typical American dream, a big football star.
    “Everything afterwards savours of anti-climax”
    Supercillious = contemptuous.
    “A breeze blew through the room, blew curtains in at one end and out the other like pale
      flags, twisting them up toward the frosted wedding cake of the ceiling”  The rhythm of
      the line reflects the wind.
    “It belonged to Demaine, the oil man”  Tom talks about possessions only. Superficial.
    The girls are dressed in “white” and “fluttering” and “rippling” (Ethereal) then Tom shuts
      the window with a “boom”. Typical [clumsy] man unaware of the atmosphere.
       “You ought to see the baby”  Treats the baby like an accessory. Still does whatever she
       wants like she has all her life. Not a very good mum.
      “Never heard of them” Tom has no subtlety of behaviour (manners).
      “Discontented face” Daisy unhappy despite all her material wealth.
      Tom and Daisy act childishly. They have got everything they want so haven’t grown up. “I
       hurt it” then they argue “I hate that word hulking” “’hulking’ insisted daisy”
      “Tom’s getting very profound”  irony because he is not very profound. “It’s been proved”
       sounds like he doesn’t know very much about the subject really.
      “Do you want to hear about the Butler’s nose?” Conversation always returns to something
       trivial.
      Extemporising = Improvise
      The telephone rang “startlingly” because of all the tension in the room.
      Nick comments of Daisy’s “Turbulent emotions”. He is being ironic, she is too flimsy and
       superficial to have deep emotions.
      “I wasn’t back from the war” – “Well, I’ve had a very bad time”. Selfish, nothing in
       comparison to war.
      When Nicks tries to talk about the baby, Daisy replies “Oh, yes.” and looks at Nick
       “absently”. Unlike most mothers she isn’t really interested in the baby.
      Nick says he has heard of a “critical and unpleasant” story about Jordan Baker. We find out
       later that she had cheated in sports, yet she still has a “contemptuous expression”. It shows
       the seedy side of the American Dream.
      “I think the home influence will be good for her”. Then “Daisy and Tom looked at each
       other for a moment in silence” because of the tension in the family.
      When asked about marriage, Nick says he’s “too poor”. In those days you needed money to
       marry the right type of girl. A reference to Fitzgerald’s own life, he liked a girl but was not
       deemed to be posh enough by her parents to marry her.
      He described Tom and Daisy as “remotely rich” because he feels a distance from them
       because of their wealth.
      Peremptory = dictatorial, not allowing contradiction. Tom’s “Peremptory Heart”.
      “Red Petrol Pumps”  A reference to cars. Written during the age of the automobile and
       the birth of the consumer market.
      Gatsby is “regarding the silver pepper of the stars”, i.e. he is looking at the stars. Although
       he has been very pragmatic in accumulating his great wealth, he is a dreamer.
      The narrator is shown to be sensitive. He notes “a sudden intimation that he was content
       to be alone” even though they are far away from each other.

Chapter 2
    “The eyes of Dr. T. J. Ecklesburg are blue and gigantic”  Talking about a big billboard. But
      it looks out of place. Also reminding about vision being distorted. We perceive/judge people
      in different ways.
           o Also the poster is clear and simple to appeal to immigrant who wouldn’t be able to
               read.
    “A line of grey cars”  contrast to Gatsby’s beautiful car. A symbol of those who have.
    Contiguous = Neighbouring/adjacent
   “Valley of Ashes” is the down side to where Tom and Daisy live. Industrialisation. Toil
    generates wealth that only a few can benefit from. Also a reference to “wasteland” a poem
    by T.S Eliot. “The edge of the wasteland” is also mentioned later.
   “The supercilious assumption was that on Sunday afternoon I had nothing better to do”
    Nick can see through Tom, understands how he thinks.
   “That he had [a mistress] was insisted upon wherever I was known”. Tom lacks morality, is
    openly having an affair. Doesn’t care about the effect on other people (like daisy).
         o Tom is cocooned by his wealth so he doesn’t have to face up to moral obligations.
              He is the worst side of extreme materialism.
   George Wilson is a contrast to Tom. He is poor and desperate for business so he has to
    grovel to Tom  demeaning. A nauseating display of wealth.
   When Wilson politely replies “Can’t complain” although “unconvincingly” it is a contrast to
    Tom who always says what he thinks.
   Short and to-the-point discussion between Tom and Myrtle, practised and business like
    “”Get on the next train”/“All right”/“I’ll meet you by the news-stand on the lower lever””.
   Tom doesn’t consider that his open affair might make Nick uncomfortable
   “Rather wide hips”  Contrast to Daisy who is flimsy. Also we remember that Myrtle and
    Wilson have no children, perhaps because they are too poor.
   Myrtle visits the newsstand and the drug-store at the platform. She always wants something
    else, intense consumerism.
         o Relationship is based on buying. She is a kept woman.
   “An absurd resemblance to John D Rockefeller”  He was an oil magnate therefore the
    personification of wealth, absurd because this man is so poor but he look like someone who
    is so rich.
   “Here’s your money. Go buy ten more dogs with it”. Tom has seen through the lie (takes
    one to know one) but he is so rich is doesn’t matter.
   “Almost pastoral”  idyllic, contrast to the dingy city where Myrtle lives.
         o A comment of how new America is. There are still expanses so it still has the
              potential to grow.
   ““No you don’t,” interposed Tom quickly” doesn’t want Nick to leave because their
    relationship is physical so perhaps they don’t have that much to talk about.
   “Regal homecoming glance”  A pretend life for her. Trying to give the impression to
    others that she lives here.
   “Scenes of ladies swinging in the gardens of Versailles”  Palace of Versailles linked to King
    Louis of France  Absolute power!
   “Simon Called Peter” – a popular novel about a Chaplin who became disillusioned after the
    war. Fitzgerald didn’t like the book, too sentimental and popular.
         o Simplistic, something that Tom would like
         o Fitzgerald thinks the book is immoral. Nick is a very moral character and the book
              “didn’t make any sense to [him]”
   “Tom brought out a bottle of whisky”  at the time of prohibition, 1 law for the rich and
    another for everyone else.
         o Seedy
         o Unprincipled
         o Later in the book Gatsby makes money out of prohibition.
   “I have been drunk just twice in my life”  suggests he is clear headed and a reliable
    narrator.
   Mrs Wilson “looked back at use with a brilliant smile”  She is getting all the attention that
    she doesn’t get in back at the garage.
   Chester is a photographer, which is a new market.
   “Yawned audibly”  Tom has no manners. He is rude.
   “Myrtle raised her eyebrows in despair at the shiftlessness of the lower orders”  Really
    playing a role, she is lower class too!
   “They say...” speculating about Gatsby. No-one really knows about him which adds to his
    allure.
   “You’ll give McKee a letter of introduction to your husband, so he can do some studies of
    him.” Making fun of Myrtle and her husband. Mr McKee wants some contacts on Long
    Island, however, Tom knows that Myrtle won’t know any of the people that Mr McKee is
    looking for.
   “Neither of them can stand the person they’re married to” – C.F Chapter 1: “I was privy to
    the secrets of wild, unknown man”
   When she overhears a discussion about Wilson, Myrtle’s reply is “violent and obscene”. Not
    told what she actually says but she is able to slag off her husband in front of everyone.
   Mrs McKee’s voice is described as “shrill” because she is drunk.
   “Why did you [marry him], Myrtle?” says Catherine. Lost her inhibitions, no subtlety 
    although it says that she wasn’t drinking the Whisky later.
   “I became entangled in some wild strident argument”  C.F Chapter 1: “I was privy to the
    secrets of wild, unknown man”
   When Myrtle first met Tom “He had on a dress suit”  C.F to her husband who didn’t have
    a suit. “He borrowed somebody’s best suit to get married in, and never even told me about
    it”. She is taken in by appearances.
   “A massage and a wave, and a collar for the dog and one of those cute little ash-trays
    where you touch a spring and...”  Materialist, lists.
   “I wiped from his cheek the spot of dried lather that had worried me all the afternoon” 
    Precise and ordered. Restrained and controlled. Therefore admires Gatsby who is a dreamer.
   “Whether Mrs Wilson had any right to mention Daisy’s name”  Nick perhaps uses her full
    name because he disapproves that she is a married woman.
   “Tom Buchanan broke her nose with his open hand”  Understated. Angry because she
    doesn’t know her place (She “shouted” at him). A different time, perhaps there would have
    been a common understanding that she deserved it.
   “Trying to spread a copy of the Town Tattle over the tapestry scenes of Versailles”
         o Materialistic, after all that’s happened she’s concerned with protecting the
             furniture.
         o Also, reminds us of the tranquillity at the beginning of the chapter, before they got
             drunk.
   “Then Mr McKee turned and continued on out the door”  AS soon as there’s trouble he
    gets out – Selfish.
Chapter 3
    “Rolls Royce”  Gatsby’s car: Typical expensive English car.
    Prodigality =
    “Amusement Park”  Just starting to come about.
    Gatsby doesn’t appear much at his own parties, therefore he maintains his dignity.
    Signs with a “Majestic Hand” because he realises that appearances are important.
    “Struck by the number of young Englishmen”  Not quite as rich, go to the US in pursuit of
      money.
    Structurally, Gatsby’s party immediately follows Tom’s party to show a contrast.
    “Two hundred and sixty five dollars” Impressed most by the cost, not Gatsby’s kindness
      in giving the dress.
    “Gothic library, panelled with carved English oak”  Trying to give the impression of
      tradition.
    Tortuously = Twisted
    “I thought you knew old sport. I’m afraid I’m not a very good host”
    “he was picking his words with care”  Not with the compete confidence that a thoroughly
      educated man might have.
    “Chicago was calling him”  Contemporary audience would associate this town with crime.
    Obstetrical =
    “Old Sport”  Repeated, almost ridiculous. Not the natural grace and ease of someone born
      into money.
    Car accident foreshadows major accident at the end of the novel. Confusion about the driver
      also foreshadows a later event. Minor acts of violence at the start of the novel become more
      serious later.
    Driving tests would have been simpler in those days.
    “A wafer of a moon was shining over Gatsby’s house”  Gats by associated with the moon
      and stars. He is a dreamer, fickle and changeable, mysterious.
    “Reading over what I have written so far...”  Trying to be authentic and truthful.
    “I even had a short affair with a girl who lived in Jersey City”  Makes him appear more
      human.
    “Studied investments and securities”  Pre Wall Street Crash
    “I felt a haunting loneliness sometimes, and felt it in others”  At first big cities consoles
      loneliness but eventually it perpetuates it. Like Gatsby who has big parties but very few
      friends.
    “Imagining that I, too, was hurrying towards gaiety and sharing their intimate excitement,
      I wished them well”  Portrays Nick as an outsider like Gatsby.
    “Suggestions that she had moved her ball from a bad lie in the semi-final round” 
      Unsavoury side of the American Dream, win out any cost including abandoning morals.
    “Jordan Baker instinctively avoided clever, shrewd men”  Contrast to Gatsby who is a
      dreamer.
    “I knew that first I had to get myself definitely out of that tangle back home”  Very
      moral, contrast to unscrupulous circle that he moves in.
    “Hydroplane”  Luxury, materialism
Chapter 4
    “Church bell”  Represents moral values
    “Who was drowned last summer up in Maine”  C.F Page 103 (“They almost drowned me
      once over at New Jersey”) + “divorced now” + “who killed himself by jumping in front of a
      subway train in Times Square”  ominous undertones.
    Listing all the people at the party  A satirical passage as all named after plants and animals
      suggesting primal instincts. Also, shows they lack individuality. Reader can barely remember
      one from another.
    “who had his nose shot off in the war”  Reminder of the war
    “That comes, I suppose, with the absence of lifting work in youth”  doesn’t know about
      Gatsby’s real past.
    “I am the son of some wealthy people in the Middle West”  Conforms to ideal, lie!
    Feels it is unfair to get this favour from Nick without getting to know him better  doesn’t
      really understand Nick.
    “A dozen magazines”  Gives a glossy superficial picture of the world. Also, we get a
      superficial picture of Gatsby.
    “I drift here and there”  Like Nick.
    “He hesitated. ‘You’ll hear about it this afternoon’”  C.F Chapter 1: “I was privy to the
      secrets of wild, unknown man”
    “I was able to do the commissioner a favour once, and he sends me a Christmas card every
      year”  shows the corruption of the police and the power of the rich.
    Nonolfactory  Not to do with smell.
    “Anything can happen now”  A country of infinite possibilities.
    “Mr Wolfshiem”  Wolf like, unscrupulous.
    “And Rosy had eat and drunk a lot”  Uneducated
    “His eyes, meanwhile, roved very slowly around the room”  suspicious, shifty.
    “[Miss Baker]’d never do anything that wasn’t all right”  Maybe her cheating is nothing
      compared to Gatsby, or he wants to give Nick a good impression of her.
    “I knew I had discovered a man of fine breeding”  Mr Wolfshiem says about Gatsby, a
      bad judge of character.
    “Fine specimens of human molars”  on his necklace, symbolic of a dog eat dog world.
    “He would never so much as look at a friend’s wife”  ironic, so wrong.
    “Fixed the World’s series”  Not one game but the whole match! Readers would be familiar
      with the event and the speculation.
    “He’s a smart man”  He managed to pull off such a big stunt and not get caught but he
      appears uneducated. Don’t judge people.
    “In a way that every young girl wants to be looked at sometime”  Shows a different side
      to Jordan.
    “Ripped a front wheel off his car”  Another car accident.
    “Why didn’t he ask you to arrange a meeting”  Imagined her in a particular setting in his
      plan for so long, won’t abandoned that plan now.
    “Clean, hard, limited person”  sounds like a negative description but attracts Nick.
    “And Daisy ought to have something in her life”  Jordon, through her own limitations,
      fells an “affair” is sufficient but that’s not enough for Gatsby.
      “He came alive to me, delivered suddenly from the womb of his purposeless splendour” 
       Gatsby takes on a depth.
      Nick has a physical relationship with Jordon but realises it is partly out of loneliness.


Chapter 5
    “Absently”  General mood of the chapter.
    “Coney Island” Funfair in Brooklin.
    “Swimming Pool”  Symbol of wealth and also foreshadows later events
    “Service to be rendered” Gatsby gives a tempting offer so Nick will do something for him.
    “I had no choice except to cut him off there”  Shows Nick is moral. Happy to do a favour
      for Gatsby but doesn’t want to be forced to help him.
    “Continued more confidently”  Normally confident but with daisy he is nervous and
      preoccupied.
    “Gaudily”  Tacky, no true American culture. C.F. “Hôtel de Ville in Normandy” in Chapter
      1.
    “Innocently”  Used ironically.
    “Was pouring rain” Romantic day is typically sunny. Not how Gatsby dreamed the day.
    “Dark signs of sleeplessness” Elicits sympathy for Gatsby because we see he genuinely
      suffers.
    “Gatsby looked with vacant eyes through a copy of Clay’s Economics” Emotional and
      sensitive but also astute and able to make money.
    “Secret of Castle Rackrent”  A book about extravagant spending.
    “Does the gasoline affect his nose”  C.F Chapter 1 “He had to polish from morning till
      night, until finally it began to affect his nose” Daisy doesn’t get it, Not as quick as Nick.
    “Aware of the beating of my own heart” Identifies with Gatsby
    “On a clear, artificial note”  Contrast to Gatsby’s genuine feeling
    “Sorry about the clock”  Gatsby is trying so hard to be at ease that he is very clumsy. Also,
      signifies that Gatsby is stuck in the past.
    “Finn” A person from Finland, comes in regardless of the tension.
    “A certain physical decency”  Tea is humdrum,, a refuse from his misery. Certain code of
      behaviour so they don’t have to think for themselves.
    “Where are you going?”  Dependency on Nick.
    “You’re acting like a little boy”  Not many people would speak to Gatsby like that.
    Gatsby invest everything in Daisy but we realise that she isn’t quite worth it because she lack
      the depth to keep Gatsby happy. Although he seems so mesmerised by her that he would
      forgive her anything even though she can never live up to his expectations.

Chapter 6
    “James Gatz”  Changed his name, transformation.
    “His imagination had never really accepted them as his parents at all”  Couldn’t accept
      his mundane background, thought himself better than his parents.
    “Sprang from his Platonic conception of himself”  Has another idea about himself.
    Meretricious
      “And to this conception he was faithful to the end”  Won’t give up his dream, what Nick
       likes about him.
      Writing about Gatsby gives him immortality
      “Overwhelming self-absorption”  Nick clearly admires him but isn’t ignorant of his vain
       side.
      “His heart was in a constant turbulent riot”  Can achieve everything he was materially but
       internally he is empty.
      “All too hospitable shores”, “Inhospitably died”  All the women are trying to be nice to
       get his money.
      “Madame de Maintenon”  Wife of Louis XIV who is scheming (like the women who are
       trying to seduce Cody). Also, Louis XIV associated with splendour.
      “One of them elicited the brand new name”  thinks quickly on his feet. Has a talent for
       making money, not just luck.
      “The pioneer debauchee, who during one phase of American life, frought back to the
       Eastern seaboard the savage violence of the frontier brother and saloon”  Dan Cody
       represents the mythical West, exciting, an explorer, but also ruthless and aggressive.
      “Believing everything and nothing”  confused about Gatsby.
      “As though they cared”  Makes you feel sorry for Gatsby, and also shows that Nick is on
       his side. Quite a snide remark compared to the measured tone so far in the book.
      “If you want to kiss me any time during the evening, Nick, just let me know”  Daisy has a
       hysterical side.
      “I knew that [...] she wasn’t having a good time. Again, Nick is very sensitive.
      “They almost drowned me once over at New Jersey” “Doc Civet  C.F pg 60 (4th paragraph)
       “Who was drowned last summer up in Maine”
      “She was appalled by West Egg”  Daisy believes she belongs to a select few, prudish.
      “Up and down a desolate path of fruit rinds and discarded favours and crushed flowers” 
       Disappointment. Repetition of “and”, Gatsby is feeling sorry for himself (and Nick feels sorry
       for Gatsby).
      “Suck on the pap of life, gulp down the incomparable milk of wonder”  Imagery of a
       breast links to Myrtle while reminding us that Daisy isn’t a good mother.

Chapter 7
    “Trimalchio”  Original title = “Trimalchio in West Egg”. Both started of humble and worked
      their way up to riches. Throwing extravagant parties. However, also different. Trimalchio
      character is the butt of the joke, a laughing stock caring only about showing off his money.
      Gatsby has depth.
    “The whole caravansary had fallen in like a card house at the disapproval in her eyes.” 
      Shows that the parties were purely to attract Daisy. Card houses look grand but are empty
      and unstable.
    “An unfamiliar butler with a villainous face”  Gatsby has replaced his servants with
      crooks. No longer trying to maintain and image. Lowers your opinion of Gatsby by bringing
      his villainous side to the front of your mind.
   “Broiling”  Intense heat makes everyone miserable and irritable, perhaps slightly
    irrational? Waiting for an argument. Reader can empathise. People suspicious of Nick even
    though he is being kind “everyone nearby, even the woman, suspected me all the same”.
         o “Hot!...Hot!...Hot!...Is it hot enough for you?” “Glistening slightly” Description of
               the weather and of people perspiring makes the reader uncomfortable.
   “I’m the first man who ever made a stable out of a garage” Tom trying to impress
    Gatsby. Contrast to Wilson who works hard in a garage, which Tom has Garages to spare!
   “You look so cool”  Says Daisy to Gatsby. Self involved, not perceptive, Gatsby it very
    agitated.
   “Her voice is full of money”  Gatsby was initially attracted to daisy because she seemed so
    unobtainable. C.F Chapter 8: It excited him, too, that many men had already loved daisy.
   “How do you like this car, I bought it last week”  Not even his car, even when Wilson says
    he is ill and is obviously struggling for money he still teases him.
   “The shock had made him physically sick”  To find out that Myrtle was having an affair.
    Similar to Gatsby because they are besotted. Can’t control
   “There is no confusion like the confusion of a simple mind” Quite judging of Nick.
   “Let Mr Nobody from Nowhere make love to my wife”  Tom prides himself on his family
    and upbringing. Also, believes the affair is like his affair with Myrtle. Not the same, more to
    it. “presumptuous little flirtation”
   “Unless you brought groceries to the back door” Class divide. Class is the most important
    thing to Tom.
    The ‘party’ in the hotel is an echo of the drinking session with Myrtle.
   “Only the dead dream fought on” Gatsby continues to pursue Daisy even when it is clear
    that all is lost.
   “We drove on toward death”  Morbid, Nick has a melancholy side. Therefore needs
    Gatsby who is positive and optimistic.
   “Beat me!”  Myrtle to Wilson, unromantic. Not in Wilson’s nature at all, shows they aren’t
    compatible.
   “Left breast swinging loose like a flap”  Before the breast = nurturing and hope, now a
    disgusting image.
   “‘Wreck!’ said Tom. ‘That’s good.’” Insensitive.
   Structure: No preparation for the accident. True to life, can happen at any time. Also makes
    it shocking.
   “The Buchanan’s house floated suddenly towards us through the dark rustling trees” 
    absorbed in his own thoughts. Shows he was affected by Myrtle’s death too.
   “The butler’s voice calling a taxi” Reminded of the joke earlier about the butler. Happy,
    frivolous time.
   “I thought so, I told Daisy I thought so”...”She stood it pretty well” only thinking about
    Daisy.
   “‘Yes,’ he said after a moment, ‘But of course I’ll say I was”  Chivalrous, Noble.
   “Rushed out at us” “Thought we were somebody she knew”  Myrtle thought it was Tom’s
    car. Has he realised this?
   “Natural Intimacy” Incident brings Daisy and Tom closer together.
   “Watching over nothing”  Because Daisy will never go back to him now.
Chapter 8
    “An inexplicable amount of dust everywhere” Contrast to the hustle and bustle of parties
          o Primary function of the house was to impress daisy, now it has now use.
    Gatsby tells secrets to Nick he has told nobody else, even though he only met Nick due to
      circumstance. Emphasises his loneliness.
    “A penniless young man without a past” Fitzgerald could only marry Zelda die to the
      success of his first book. Parallels Gatsby.
    “Benediction”
    “It excited him too that many men had already loved Daisy” C.F Chapter 7: “Her voice is full
      of money”
    “It was just personal” Love between Daisy and Tom is different to the love between her
      and Gatsby. Also, confusing to Nick and the reader. We slowly and gradually learn more
      about Gatsby but never fully understand him.
    “Fully able to take care of her”  Daisy always wants the easier life; she looks to other
      people for solutions C.F. the party in the hotel.
    The sun “spread itself in benediction”  Religious imagery. Gatsby sees Daisy as a Goddess.
    “I’ve left Daisy’s house” “The act annoyed me”  Nick can hardly bare to be separated
      from Gatsby at his time of need and is annoyed Jordan doesn’t show the same loyalty to
      Daisy.
    “Incorruptible dream” Seeing Gatsby’s idealism makes Nick see Jordan’s selfishness and
      the meaninglessness of their relationship.
    “I disapproved of him from beginning to end”  Gatsby is charismatic despite all his faults.
    “Some garrulous man telling over and over what had happened” Bitter irony. Myrtle
      herself liked scandal and gossip magazines and now she is the gossip.
    “You can’t fool God” “Looking at the eyes of Dr. T. J. Eckleburg”  Not a spiritual god, only
      materialism.
    “The holocaust was complete”  Reminds us that now three people have died. Very
      sombre.
    “Pasquinade”  a specific literary term. Nicks language become more sophisticated, the
      grand front he associated with Gatsby.
    “I found myself at Gatsby’s side and alone”  Nick lives in isolation, a mirror of Gatsby.
    “Young Parke’s in trouble”  Still reminded of Gatsby’s shady side and the many
      mysterious that still surround him.
    Gatsby’s routine shows his is self-disciplined compared to the Buchannan’s frivolous
      existence.

								
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