Cells and Tissues Review Flashcards by jamesdauray

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									                                         What is the           The clear, jelly-like
  What does the cell                difference between         material found in the
   membrane do?                        chromatin and           cell is called what?
                                      chromosomes?




       What do                           What is the               What happens
     centrioles do?                 difference between           on the ribosomes?
                                    rough and smooth
                                        endoplasmic
                                         reticulum?




                                    Which organelle            The entire process of
  Which organelle is              makes carbohydrates          cell division into two
  the powerhouse of                  and packages               new cells is called
       the cell?                      secretions?                      what?




 What phase is this?               What phase is this?          What phase is this?




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         Cytoplasm                    Rough endoplasmic                Regulates passages of
                                   reticulum has ribosomes            substances in and out of
                                     and is attached to the            the cell; holds the cell
                                            nucleus.                         together.




                                      1. Muscle
  Protein synthesis from              2. Fascicle                     Produce spindle fibers to
       animo acids                    3. Muscle fiber                   move chromosomes
                                         or cell                          during mitosis.
                                      4. Myofibril




       Mitochondria
                                        Golgi apparatus                      Mitochondria




        Metaphase                              Prophase                       Interphase




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 What phase is this?               What phase is this?          What are the three
                                                               main steps in protein
                                                                   synthesis?




What kind of solution              What kind of solution       What kind of solution
      is this?                           is this?                    is this?




   What is diffusion?                What is osmosis?         What is the difference
                                                              between osmosis and
                                                                    filtration?




                                                                  What are the two
 What is required for                    What is the              types of tumors?
 active transport to                difference between
       occur?                        phagocytosis and                Which one is
                                        pinocytosis?                 cancerous?




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    1. DNA is
       transcripted into
       RNA                                 Telophase                     Anaphase
    2. RNA is translated
       into amino acids
    3. Amino acids are
    put together to make
    a protein




         Hypotonic                        Hypertonic                     Isotonic
      (cell is swollen)                (Cell is shrunken)             (Cell is normal)




 Filtration is movement            The movement of water              The movement of
across a membrane due             across a membrane from          molecules from an area
  to mechanical force.              an area of low solutes        of high concentration to
                                        high solutes.                low concentration.
 (Movement from high to
     low pressure)




  Benign and malignant            Phagocytosis is when the                  ATP
                                      cell engulfs solid               (Adenosine Tri-
 Malignant is cancerous.            material, pinocytosis                Phosphate)
                                     involves a liquid or
                                           solution.




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                                  Name the tissue type: Name the tissue type.
  Convert this DNA
 sequence into RNA:

         A-C-T-G




Name the tissue type. Name the tissue type. Name the tissue type.




Put these in order:
                                   Where are the three         What is the name of
Organ systems,                      types of mucous           the serous membrane
molecules, atoms,                  membranes found?              surrounding the
organelles, cells,                                                    heart?
organism, organs,
tissues


                                                                 What is the main
What is the difference              Where are synovial          difference between
 between the pleural                membranes found?                primary and
   and peritoneal                                                secondary tissue
    membrane?                                                          repair?




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      Simple cuboidal                  Simple squamous                        U-G-A-C
        epithelium                        epithelium




          Skeletal                             Adipose                   Ciliated columnar
                                                                             epithelium




                                          Respiratory
        Pericardium                  (lungs, air passages)               Atoms, molecules,
                                            Gastric                       organelles, cells,
                                           (stomach)                       tissues, organs,
                                           Intestinal                      organ systems,
                                    (small/large intestines)                   organism




 Primary repair wounds                     In the joints             Pleural – Lines the chest
 are kept clean and free                                                       cavity
      from infection
                                                                       Peritoneal – Lines the
                                                                         abdominal cavity




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