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Cumbria Area Profile Fact File - PDF


									North West Fact File
   (March 2009)

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Map of North West

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                      Headline GVA £       GVA Per Head £
Cheshire                     £20.8 billion         £20,822
Cumbria                       £7.0 billion         £14,044
Greater Manchester           £44.8 billion         £17,535
Lancashire                    £2.0 billion         £15,145
Merseyside                   £18.4 billion         £13,615
North West                 £113.0 billion          £16,482
Source: 2006 data taken from Regional Accounts, ONS, December 2008


                                    Vat Registered         Vat Registrations Vat De-registrations
                                Business Stocks (2008)          (2007)                (2007)
Cheshire (including Halton)              34,760                  3,820                 2,390
Cheshire (excluding Halton)              32,180                  3,480                 2,200
Cumbria                                   19,665                 1,635                 1,070
Greater Manchester                        70,800                 7,990                 6,020
Lancashire                               42,575                  4,075                 3,175
Merseyside (excluding Halton)             26,900                 3,125                 2,025
Merseyside (including Halton)            29,480                  3,465                 2,215
North West                               194,695                20,640                14,680
Source: Business Start Ups and Closures: VAT Registrations and De-registrations, DCLG

In 2007 industry was distributed, based on the number of companies in each industry, according to the
following classifications. (Source: Annual Business Inquiry 2007):-
                                                                                                                Merseyside (exc

                                                                                                                                  Merseyside (inc
                                                            Cheshire (exc
                                            Cheshire (inc

                                                                                                                                                        North West






                                               %               %            %           %          %               %                 %                 %
Agriculture & fishing                          0.3             0.4           0.7         0.1        0.3             0.1               0.1               0.3
Energy & water                                 0.2             0.2           0.5         0.1        0.2             0.1               0.1               0.2
Manufacturing                                  6.1             5.8           6.1         7.5        7.9             6.3               6.6               7.0
Construction                                   8.1             8.0          11.6         9.1       10.1             9.5               9.5               9.4
Distribution, hotels & restaurants            27.1            27.1          31.9        29.3       31.4            29.2              29.0              29.6
Transport and communications                   4.5             4.4           5.0         4.6        4.6             4.0               4.2               4.5
Banking, finance & insurance, etc             37.3            37.9          27.7        32.3       28.2            29.8              29.9              31.4
Public administration, education & health      8.4             8.2           9.3         9.2        9.7            12.6              12.4               9.7
Other services                                 7.9             8.0           7.3         7.7        7.7             8.4               8.3               7.8

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Skills & Education


The following table lists the qualifications of the working age population in 2007.            (Source: Annual
Population Survey Jan – Dec 2007)

                                                                        NVQ 2 Only

                                                                                                NVQ 1 Only
                                                  NVQ3 Only

                                                                                                                   No Quals
                                                                                      NVQ 1+


Cheshire (inc Halton)       31.2      47.9       14.0         67.6     17.1          81.6      14.0              11.4
Cheshire (exc Halton)       33.3      50.0       14.1         69.1     16.4          82.7      13.6              10.2
Cumbria                     28.0      46.9       14.7         69.3     18.4          83.5      14.2               9.3
Greater Manchester          25.3      43.9       16.3         62.8     16.7          77.0      14.1              15.7
Lancashire                  24.3      44.9       17.9         64.6     17.1          79.3      14.6              14.3
Merseyside (exc Halton)     22.1      40.0       15.9         61.4     19.4          76.0      14.6              18.6
Merseyside (inc Halton)     21.6      39.4       15.7         61.1     19.6          75.9      14.8              18.7
North West                  25.4      44.0       16.2         64.0     17.5          78.3      14.3              15.0

During the 2006/7 academic year there were:-

                          Primary Secondary Special
                          Schools     Schools     Schools
Cheshire (inc Halton)           398          63        25
Cheshire (exc Halton)           346          55        21
Cumbria                         279          42         5
Greater Manchester              886         166        66
Lancashire                      571         103        39
Merseyside (exc Halton)         420          93        45
Merseyside (inc Halton)         472         101        49
North West                    2,554         467       180
Source: Schools and Pupils in England: January 2007, DCSF

The following table lists the achievement of pupils, at the end of Key Stage 4, of 5+ A*-C grades at GCSE
and equivalents in 2007/8. (Source: GCSE and Equivalent Examination Results 2007/8, DCSF)

                           Males     Females     Total
Cheshire (inc Halton)      63.6%      72.7%      68.1%
Cheshire (exc Halton)      62.9%      72.5%      67.6%
Cumbria                    58.4%      68.4%      63.2%
Greater Manchester         61.0%      69.1%      64.9%
Lancashire                 60.1%      68.7%      64.3%
Merseyside (exc Halton)    62.6%      70.4%      66.4%
Merseyside (inc Halton)    63.1%      70.7%      66.8%
North West                 61.3%      69.7%      65.4%

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People & Jobs


Area                     All Ages Children (0-15) Working Age (16- Older People (65M/60F
                          (000s)        (000s)        64M/59F) (000s)   and Over) (000s)
Cheshire (inc Halton)      1,003.6             189.5              614.2                200.0
Cheshire (exc Halton)         884.1            165.3              538.9                180.0
Cumbria                       496.9             87.0              296.8                113.2
Greater Manchester         2,562.2             502.6            1,613.9                445.7
Lancashire                 1,451.5             279.3              883.5                288.8
Merseyside (exc Halton)    1,350.2             250.6              831.7                267.8
Merseyside (inc Halton)    1,469.7             274.8              907.0                287.8
North West                 6,864.3          1,308.8             4,240.1              1,315.4
Source: 2007 Mid Year Population Estimates for Selected Age Groups, ONS

Population change over the period 1987-2007 and 2007 population density:-

Area                     Growth/Decline Population Density
Cheshire (inc Halton)               5.5%                   429
Cheshire (exc Halton)               7.0%                   391
Cumbria                             4.6%                    73
Greater Manchester                  0.5%                 2,008
Lancashire                          4.9%                   472
Merseyside (exc Halton)            -7.1%                 2,097
Merseyside (inc Halton)            -6.9%                 2,033
North West                          0.6%                   487
Source: Mid Year Population Estimates for 1997 and 2007, NOMIS and Regional Trends 40, May 2008

Area                    All Ethnic Groups as a
                            % of Population
Cheshire (inc Halton)                         4.7
Cheshire (exc Halton)                         3.2
Cumbria                                       1.9
Greater Manchester                           11.6
Lancashire                                   10.1
Merseyside (exc Halton)                       4.3
Merseyside (inc Halton)                       4.1
North West                                    7.5
Source: 2006 Experimental Population Estimates by Ethnic Group, ONS

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Area                         NINo      % of North West Country with Highest % of Area Total
                         Registrations   Registrations      Registrations
Cheshire (inc Halton)       26,820           10.6%             Poland             40.7%
Cheshire (exc Halton)       25,520           10.1%             Poland             40.9%
Cumbria                     13,700            5.4%             Poland             34.8%
Greater Manchester         129,940           51.4%             Poland             20.1%
Lancashire                  44,830           17.7%             Poland             34.6%
Merseyside (exc Halton)     38,380           15.2%             Poland             24.4%
Merseyside (inc Halton)     39,680           15.7%             Poland             24.8%
North West                 252,970           100.0%            Poland             26.4%
Source: National Insurance Number Registrations September 2008 (cumulative from 1 January 2002),
Department for Work and Pensions

The table below shows internal migration for 2007. (Source: Internal migration within the United Kingdom
2007, ONS):-

Area                        Migration      Migration             Migration
                          Inflow (000’s) Outflow (000’s)       Balance (000’s)
Cheshire (inc Halton)               40.2            37.7                    2.7
Cheshire (exc Halton)               37.0            34.3                    2.9
Cumbria                             17.2            15.7                    1.6
Greater Manchester                  96.9           103.1                   -6.2
Lancashire                          64.1            63.9                    0.1
Merseyside (exc Halton)             38.7            42.4                   -3.7
Merseyside (inc Halton)             41.9            45.8                   -3.9
North West                          99.2           104.8                   -5.5

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Labour Market

The following table shows the Employment Status of the working age population in 2007.                                                        (Source:
Annual Population Survey Apr 07 – Mar 08, NOMIS)

                            Economically Active

                                                   Unemployment Rate

                                                                                           In Employment

                                                                                                                            Self Employed
                                                                        Working Age

                                                                                        468,100             410,600        55,700
Cheshire (inc Halton)
                          76.8%                   4.0%                 76.2%            (76.5%)             (67.1%)        (9.1%)
                                                                                        415,200             362,400        51,100
Cheshire (exc Halton)
                          79.73%                  3.6%                 75.9%            (77.4%)             (67.6%)        (9.5%)
                                                                                        244,100             205,500        37,600
                          80.3%                   3.0%                 72.7%            (79.2%)             (66.7%)       (12.2%)
                                                                                       1,146,800           1,018,200      119,600
Greater Manchester
                          81.6%                   6.8%                 78.8%            (71.3%)             (63.3%)        (7.4%)
                                                                                        646,600             570,500        72,400
                          77.8%                   5.4%                 76.1%            (73.6%)             (65.0%)        (8.2%)
                                                                                        555,600             496,800        54,300
Merseyside (exc Halton)
                          72.74%                  7.3%                 76.3%            (67.4%)             (60.3%)        (6.6%)
                                                                                        608,500             545,000        58,900
Merseyside (inc Halton)
                          72.9%                   7.2%                 76.5%            (67.6%)             (60.6%)        (6.5%)
                                                                                       3,046,600           2,691,100      334,500
North West
                          76.8%                   5.9%                 76.9%            (72.3%)             (63.8%)        (7.9%)

The following table shows the claimants. (Source: February 2009 Claimant Count with Rates and
Proportions, NOMIS) and August 2008, Department for Work and Pensions Income Support Claimants,

Area                      Claimant                  Claimant                          Income Support            % of North
                           Count                   Count Rate                            Claimants              West Total
Cheshire (inc Halton)       22,059                       3.6%                                  28,470                 9.4%
Cheshire (exc Halton)       17,850                       3.3%                                  22,110                 7.3%
Cumbria                       8,252                      2.7%                                  13,220                 4.4%
Greater Manchester          72,783                       4.5%                                 122,710                40.7%
Lancashire                  32,403                       3.7%                                  54,140                18.0%
Merseyside (exc Halton)     48,315                       5.8%                                  82,060                27.2%
Merseyside (inc Halton)     52,524                       5.8%                                  88,410                29.3%
North West                 183,695                       4.3%                                 301,600              100.0%

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The North West had a gross median weekly pay of £371.4 in 2008. Cumbria, Lancashire, Merseyside
excluding Halton and Merseyside including Halton fell below the regional level. (Source: Annual Survey of
Hours and Earnings 2008)

Area                      Weekly Pay (Gross Median
                           (£) for all employee jobs)
Cheshire (inc Halton)                            392.4
Cheshire (exc Halton)                            398.6
Cumbria                                          360.6
Greater Manchester                               373.7
Lancashire                                       368.3
Merseyside (exc Halton)                          362.2
Merseyside (inc Halton)                          361.0
North West                                       371.4


The table below shows the number of deaths and Standard Mortality Ratio (SMRs) for 2007:-

Area                                                       Male                           Female
                                                 Number        Standard      Number            Standard
                                                of Deaths Mortality Ratio of Deaths Mortality Ratio
Cheshire (excluding Halton and Warrington)         3,156           96           3,618             101
Cumbria                                            2,567          101           2,951             104
Greater Manchester                                12,005          117          12,903             113
Lancashire (excluding Blackburn & Blackpool)       5,672          107          6,451              109
Merseyside (exc Halton)                            7,104          121           7,750             115
North West                                        33,552          113          36,960             111
Source: Deaths by health area of usual residence, numbers and standardised mortality ratios (SMRs) 2007,



Area                       Size (sq km)    % of Region       Population Density
                                                             (people per sq km)
Cheshire (inc Halton)             2,342              16.6                    429
Cheshire (exc Halton)             2,263              16.0                    391
Cumbria                           6,768              48.0                     73
Greater Manchester                1,276               9.0                  2,008
Lancashire                        3,076              21.8                    402
Merseyside (exc Halton)             645               4.6                  2,097
Merseyside (inc Halton)             723               5.1                  2,033
North West                      14,106              100.0                    487
Source: Regional Trends 40 - May 2008, ONS

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Area                          Green Belt         % of North
                            Land (Hectares)      West Total
Cheshire (inc Halton)               93,900               6.7
Cheshire (exc Halton)               91,380               6.5
Greater Manchester                  60,070              4.3
Lancashire                          77,090              5.5
Merseyside (exc Halton)             29,210               2.1
Merseyside (inc Halton)             31,760               2.3
North West                         260,310             18.5


The average house price can often be distorted by a few very expensive property sales. Lower quartile
house prices are an indication of the cheapest housing within an area. The lower quartile house price is
often used as a ratio against lower quartile earnings to indicate the ability of those on the lowest incomes to
afford the cheapest housing in an area.

Area                                     Average Overall            Lower Quartile
                                                               Annual %                Number of
                                          House Price                House Prices
                                                                Change                Households
                                                                          (£)            (000s)
Blackburn with Darwen                        £91,138         -7.0            76,000              56
Blackpool                                    £99,302        -12.4            94,500              66
Halton                                      £116,054         -9.3            92,000              50
Warrington                                  £149,641         -8.3          115,000               81
Cheshire County Council area                £160,267         -8.8          125,000              373
Cumbria                                     £133,598         -7.5            95,000             219
Greater Manchester                          £118,925         -8.5          100,000           1,095
Lancashire County Council area              £123,290        -10.1            93,000             618
Merseyside Metropolitan County area         £124,229         -8.6            95,000             586
North West                                  £122,123        -10.9            99,950          2,940
Source: House Price Index December 2008, Land Registry, Lower Quartile House Prices 2007, DCLG and
Projections of Households 2006, DCLG

The table below shows the number of lone parent households with dependent children and the
percentage of the North West total:-

Area                         Lone Parent Households          % of North
                             with Dependent Children         West Total
Cheshire (inc Halton)                             979               11.4
Cheshire (exc Halton)                             788                9.2
Cumbria                                           427                5.0
Greater Manchester                              3,272               38.2
Lancashire                                      1,715               20.0
Merseyside (exc Halton)                         2,173               25.4
Merseyside (inc Halton)                         2,364               27.6
North West                                      8,562              100.0
Source: Census 2001

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The table below shows the average time it takes residents to travel to work:-

Area                       Average travel to
                          work time (minutes)
Cheshire (inc Halton)                    19.6
Cheshire (exc Halton)                    19.6
Cumbria                                  15.8
Greater Manchester                       21.5
Lancashire                               18.6
Merseyside (exc Halton)                  21.3
Merseyside (inc Halton)                  21.3
North West                               19.4
Source: Average Travel to Work Time 2002-2003, Labour Force Survey, Local Knowledge


Number of wards eligible for:-

Area                        Tier Two Grants for Business Investment
Cheshire (inc Halton)                                              0
Cheshire (exc Halton)                                              0
Cumbria                                                          56
Greater Manchester                                               54
Lancashire                                                       33
Merseyside (exc Halton)                                          97
Merseyside (inc Halton)                                          97
North West                                                      240

The remaining wards are eligible for Tier Three Grants for Business Investment support.

The entire geographical area of the North West is eligible under the new Regional Competitiveness and
Employment Objective between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2013. Merseyside will have
transitional status, until the end of 2010, with an allocation of transitional funding. There will be separate
ERDF and ESF programmes in the region.

The Local Authorities of Halton, Barrow-in-Furness, Copeland, Bolton, Manchester, Oldham, Rochdale,
Salford, Tameside, Wigan, Blackburn with Darwen, Blackpool, Burnley, Hyndburn, Pendle, Preston
Knowsley, Liverpool, Sefton, St Helens and Wirral are eligible for the Working Neighbourhoods Fund.
(Source: DCLG)

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Quality of Life


The North West’s top 10 visitor attractions in 2007 were:-

Attraction                                                       Visitor Numbers
Blackpool Pleasure Beach, Blackpool                                 5,500,000
Windermere Lake Cruises, South Lakeland                             1,274,976
Chester Zoo, Chester                                                1,233,044
The Lowry, Salford                                                    850,000
Tatton Park, Macclesfield                                             780,000
Tate Liverpool, Liverpool                                             648,029
Oswaldtwistle Mills, Hyndburn                                         569,104
Blackpool Zoo and Dinosaur Safari, Blackpool                          335,000
Ullswater Streamers, Eden                                             303,008
Etherow Country Park and Local Nature Reserve, Stockport              300,000
Source: 2007 Visits to Visitor Attractions Survey, Visit Britain


Number of English Super Output Areas in:-

Area                         10% Most Deprived        20% Most Deprived
Cheshire (inc Halton)                          44                    100
Cheshire (exc Halton)                          23                     62
Cumbria                                        27                     61
Greater Manchester                            374                    595
Lancashire                                    146                    244
Merseyside (exc Halton)                       320                    420
Merseyside (inc Halton)                       341                    458
North West                                    911                 1,420
Source: Index of Multiple Deprivation 2007, DCLG

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The table below shows crime rates and perceptions of crime:-

                                                                                                            Greater Manchester
                                                                                                            (Police Force Area)

                                                                                                                                       Merseyside (Police
                                                                                                                                       Lancashire (Police
                                                                                Cheshire (Police

                                                                                                              Cumbria (Police
                                                                                  Force Area)

                                                                                                                                          Force Area)
                                                                                                                Force Area)

                                                                                                                                          Force Area)

                                                                                                                                                                        North West
Burglaries: number per 10,000 households                                        163                    206              552            267                 378       376
Theft or unauthorised taking of a vehicle: number per 10,000
                                                                                 26                          15         49             22                  34           34
Theft from a vehicle: number per 10,000 population                              67                      32              121             58                  73        84
Violent Crime: number per 10,00 population                                      376                    324              503            606                 582       508
High level of worry about burglary (%)                                           9                       7               14             11                  19        13
High level of worry about car crime (%)                                          11                      7               15             11                  19        14
High level of worry about violent crime (%)                                      14                      9               20             12                  22        17
Source: 2007/8 British Crime Survey, The Home Office

Household Income

The table below shows statistics for Gross Disposable Household Income (GDHI) which put simply is the
amount of money individuals have for saving or spending, and includes wages, property and pension
income, and social benefits, less rent and taxes on wealth. GDHI covers the income received by
households and non-profit institutions serving households.
                                                                                                   Greater Manchester


                                                                                                                                                                   North West


Gross Disposable Household Income Index (UK =              105              96                                    89              88                  90                   92
Gross Disposable Household Income per head            14,506        13,169                 12,291                       12,103            12,377                 12,655
(GDHI) (£)
Average annual % change in GDHI per head                     3.3         3.7                                 3.0               3.4                 4.0                  3.3
Source: 2006 Regional Household Income, ONS

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Interesting Facts


William Wordsworth attended the same school in Cockermouth as Fletcher Christian.                    Source:

Bassenthwaite Lake, near the town of Keswick, is one of the largest lakes in the Lake District and is the
only lake in the Lake District with 'lake' in its name, all the others being waters , meres or tarns. Source:

Blackburn with Darwen

Blackburn Rovers Football Club was formed by a group of public schoolboys in 1875.                   Source:

The mill towns of Blackburn and Burnley were the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution in the 18th


Blackpool Tower is 518 ft 9 inches tall and contains 2,493 tons of steel and 93 tons of cast iron and it
takes 7 years to paint Blackpool Tower from top to bottom and the tower's lifts travel 3,500 miles every
year. Source: and

Blackpool    International   Firework       Competition      is    held     each     year   in   September.

Squires Gate, now known as Blackpool International Airport, was the UK's first airport.              Source:

Blackpool's permanent electric street tramway was the world's first when it opened in 1885. Source:

The Pepsi Max roller coaster, which opened in1994 is the tallest in Europe at 235ft high and reaches 85
mph, making it also the fastest roller coaster in Europe. Source:

In 1879 Blackpool was the first town in the World to have electric street lighting, which started the
illumination celebrations, after holidaymakers stood in awe of 8 arc lamps which was an experimental
display described as artificial sunshine. Source:

Blackpool is the only town in the United Kingdom with three piers. Source:


Britain's shortest river is the Brun which runs through Burnley. Source:

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Her Majesty’s Theatre in Carlisle was the first theatre ever to be lit by electricity in 1880.      Source:

The first pillar box went up on Botchergate in Carlisle in 1853. Source:

Carlisle is the most northerly English city and the smallest in population terms but largest in land area.

Carlisle does not feature in the Domesday Book because at that time in 1086 Carlisle was in the
possession of the Scots. Source:

The first cardboard railway ticket was invented and used in Carlisle. Source:


Chester Racecourse is Britain’s oldest sporting venue (in continual use) with the first race occurring in
1540 (Source: Henry Gee was mayor of Chester in 1540 and he cancelled
the traditional Shrove Tuesday football game and replaced it with a horserace. His surname is where we
get the informal name for racehorses 'Gee Gee's'. Source:

The first person to walk across Chester’s Grosvenor Bridge was a young Princess Victoria, in 1819, who
later went on to be Queen. Source:

The name Chester is derived from the Latin for a Camp 'Castra'. The Roman name for Chester was
'Deva', named after the goddess of the River Dee. The Roman name was pronounced Dewa because the
Romans used the letter V to represent a W. The City also has the most complete and best preserved City
Walls in the country. Source:

Chester has the largest Roman Amphitheatre in the country. Source:


James I stayed at Hoghton Tower in 1617 he so enjoyed his hosts hospitality that one night, over dinner, he
drew his sword and knighted the beef "arise Sir Loin" he intoned so naming this particular cut. Source:


Little Moreton Hall is one of the country’s best preserved 15th century half-timbered and moated manor
houses. It is one of the finest examples of timber-framed domestic architecture in England and is a Grade I
listed building. Source:


The highest point of the county, and England, is Scafell Pike at 978 m (3210 ft) and is one of three British
mountains climbed as part of the Three Peaks Challenge. Source: www.

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Wastwater is the deepest lake in England at 79 meters (258 feet), and is owned by the National Trust.
Source: www.

Crewe & Nantwich

Crewe crater which is a crater of approximately 3km in diameter on the planet Mars is named after the
town of Crewe. Source:

In 1583 the Great Fire of Nantwich raged for 20 days, destroying most of the town, which was rebuilt, at a
cost of £30,000 in 16th century money, £2,000 of which was personally donated by Queen Elizabeth I
together with timber from the royal forest and one of the main streets of Nantwich was re-named to reflect
the fact that the timber to rebuild the town was transported along it (Beam Street). Source:


Eden is the fourth largest district in England but has the lowest population density of any English district,
with just 24 persons per sq km. Source: www.


On the Lytham St Anne’s beach in May each year the British Sand Yacht Championships take place.


All Saints' Church in Daresbury is a church well known as the inspiration for Alice in Wonderland. Lewis
Carroll was born in the village and his father was rector there. The church contains a carving of a grinning
cat, a play on the wildcat in the arms of a local family empowered in the Middle Ages to kill poachers by
hanging or garrotting (giving them a "permanent grin"). Source:

The Runcorn-Widnes railway bridge officially opened on 21 May 1868 and opened for railway traffic on
10 October the same year and the high-level road bridge was opened by Princess Alexandra on 21 July
1961, it was widened to four lanes in 1975 and was named the Silver Jubilee Bridge in 1977. Source:

One of the region’s most important research facilities is the Daresbury Science Park in Halton.


Knowsley Safari Park was opened to the public in July 1971 when the ‘safari park’ concept of having
visitors in cages (cars) and the animals roaming free, based on the drive-through game reserves of East
Africa, was unique. Source:


Carnforth Station was the location in 1945 of the filming of the iconic movie 'Brief Encounter'. Source

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                                      NWDA Research Team, Renaissance House, Warrington
Lancaster Castle is owned by Her Majesty the Queen, who is the 'Duke of Lancaster', and still has
prisoners and a sitting court making it one of Europe’s longest serving operational prisons. Source: and


Royal Liver building, Liverpool's best known landmark, has a clock which is the biggest in Britain beating
Big Ben in width by 2 feet 6 inches. Source:

Liverpool's Anglican Cathedral is the largest cathedral in Britain and the fifth largest in the world. Source:

Liverpool has Europe's longest established Chinese community and Europe's largest Chinese Arch which
stands 14 metres over the entrance to Chinatown. Source:

The world's first School of Tropical Medicine was opened in Liverpool in 1898 and discovered that
Malaria could be passed by a Mosquito bite. Source:

The five Grade I buildings at Albert Dock in Liverpool covers 1.25 million sq ft making the complex the
largest set of Grade 1 Listed Buildings in the UK. Source:


Quarry Bank Mill is an historic factory which is one of the best preserved of the Industrial Revolution and
is a Grade II listed building. Now it is a museum of the cotton industry and houses the world’s most
powerful water wheel. Source: and

Gawsworth Hall is a Tudor black and white half timbered building. The house was the home of the Fitton
family and the daughter, Mary Fitton, has been proposed as the most likely candidate for Shakespeare's
Dark Lady. In 1701 Gawsworth was the scene of the most famous duel fought in England when the Duke
of Hamilton and Lord Mohun fought for the estate and both men were killed.                     Source:

Jodrell Bank Observatory, established in 1945 by Sir Bernard Lovell, hosts a number of radio telescopes,
and is part of the University of Manchester. The main telescope is the Lovell Telescope which is the third
largest steerable radio telescope in the world and there are three other active telescopes located at the
observatory. Source:


In 2006 Manchester attracted 912,000 international visitors making it the 3rd most popular destination in
the UK after London and Edinburgh. Source:

Manchester was the world's first industrialised city and played a central role during the Industrial
Revolution. It was the dominant international centre of textile manufacture and cotton spinning. Source:

Manchester is also the 10th most common place name in the United States.                              Source:

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The Bridgewater Canal, Britain's first wholly artificial waterway, was opened in 1761.                  Source:

The University of Manchester is the largest full-time non-collegiate university in the UK and was created
in 2004 by the merger of Victoria University of Manchester and UMIST. It includes the Manchester
Business School, which offered the first MBA course in the UK in 1965. Source:

The first passenger railway station was built in 1830 on Liverpool Road, Castlefield, Manchester.
In 1948 Tom Kilburn and Freddie Williams designed and built the first stored-program computer in the
world, the Manchester Mark I, while working at the University of Manchester.                Source:


During the Industrial Revolution the world's first cotton mill was built in the town of Royton.         Source:

The first test tube baby was born at Oldham General Hospital in 1978. Source:


Preston is home to Europe’s largest bus station. Source
Preston is England's newest city. Source:

The Preston by-pass, opened 5 December 1958, became the first stretch of motorway in the UK and is
now part of the M6 with a short section now forming part of the M55. Source:

Ribble Valley

The post office and craft shop in Chipping is the country's oldest continuously trading shop. A shop
has been in existence here since the 1600s. Source:

Dunsop Bridge in the Ribble            Valley   is   the   centre    of   the    British   Isles.       Source:

Bashall Town, near Clitheroe, is England's smallest town. Source:

In 1652, whilst atop Pendle Hill, near Clitheroe, George Fox claimed to have received a visitation from God
and, inspired by the view, Fox began to lay down the foundations of the Society of Friends or Quakers.


Rochdale Town Hall, completed in 1871, is widely regarded as one of the finest Victorian town halls in
Britain. Source:

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Rawtenstall has Fitzpatricks Herbal Health, this is the last remaining functioning temperance bar (a bar
that does not serve alcoholic beverages) in England that makes and sells its own non-alcoholic drinks, such
as sarsaparilla, black beers, and blood tonic. Source:


Eccles was the site of the world's first railway accident on 15 September 1830. During a stop to take on
water William Huskisson had his leg crushed by Stephenson's Rocket; at the time he was in conversation
with the Duke of Wellington who was opening the railway and did not get out of the way of the train in time
and later died of his injuries. Source:


Aintree Racecourse is the home of The Grand National the most celebrated and most talked about horse
race in the world. Source:

Royal Birkdale Golf Club in the town of Southport, is one of the clubs in the Open Championship rotation.
The club has hosted The Open eight times since 1954. Birkdale is the only course in the championship
rotation that has never had a champion from the UK. Source:

The Royal Seaforth Dock, now known locally as Bootle Docks or the Freeport, was the first to have port
assisted radar operations in the UK to improve the safety of shipping entering the new port. The Royal
Seaforth Dock opened in 1972 and by 1984 had become Britain's first fully active Freeport. Source:

Southport Flower Show is the largest independent flower show in the UK. It was originally started in 1924
by the local council, but since 1986 it has been operated by Southport Flower Show company, which is a
registered charity. Source:

South Lakeland

Pole Vaulting, as a sport,          was   invented    here   at   the   Flan   Games       in   1879.       Source:

Windermere is the largest natural lake in England and is 10.5 miles long and varies from a quarter of a
mile to one mile wide. The word "Windermere" translates as "Vinandr's lake", from the Old Norse name
Vinandr and Old English mere, meaning lake. It was known as "Winander Mere" or "Winandermere" until at
least the nineteenth century. Source: www.

In the middle of the 19th century half the world textile industry's bobbin supply came from Stott Park
Bobbin Mill which was built in 1835 and although the mill worked continuously until 1971 it is now owned by
English Heritage and is still in working order and remains almost identical to its Victorian appearance of 100
years ago. Source:

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St Helens

Stephenson's Sankey Viaduct (also known as the Nine Arches Viaduct), built by George Stephenson in
1930, was the first viaduct on the world's first passenger railway line and crosses the UK's first industrial
canal. Source:

St Helens is renowned for glass making and today visitors can visit the Tank House, a pioneering glass
making building, now an integral part of the award winning World of Glass Visitor Centre. Source:

In 1859 Beechams opened the world’s first medicine factory in St Helens.            Source: www.information-


Home to Manchester United's Old Trafford ground, the largest club football ground in the UK, with a
capacity of 76,000, and England's only UEFA-rated 5-star stadium. Source:

Trafford Park was founded in 1897, and at its peak in 1945 employed 75,000 people. As well as being the
world's first planned industrial estate, it is Europe's largest business park. More than 1,400 companies
are within the park, employing between 40,000 and 50,000 people. Source:

Vale Royal

Cheshire has been a centre of the salt industry for some 2,000 years. The only working salt mine in
Britain is at Winsford which has been worked since 1844 and uses the world’s largest underground digger.
A popular tourist attraction is the Salt Museum in Northwich which has been in place for over 100 years.
Source: and The Salt Museum

The World’s first boat lift can be found in Anderton, Northwich. Source: Chester and Cheshire Visitor


Thomas Beecham first manufactured his pills in Wigan and Marks and Spencer was born here when
Michael Marks joined forces with Thomas Spencer in 1894. Source:

Famous Wigan food products include Heinz baked beans, Pataks Indian foods, Potters herbal remedies,
Uncle Joe's Mint Balls, and De Roma ice cream. Source:

Wigan has one of the country's most famous swimming clubs, the Wigan Wasps, responsible for training
scores of top swimmers such as former Olympic medallist June Croft. Source:

Leigh is the largest town in the UK without a railway station. Source:


Birkenhead Park was the first publicly funded park designed by Joseph Paxton and opened in 1847. The
design for the park was the inspiration for Central Park in New York. Source:

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Port Sunlight is a model village which was purpose built by William Hesketh Lever (later Lord Leverhulme)
starting in 1888 for the employees of Lever Brothers soap factory (now part of Unilever). The name is
derived from Lever's most popular brand of cleaning agent, Sunlight. It contains 900 Grade II listed
buildings. Source:


Garstang was the world's first Fairtrade town. Source:

Famous people born in the North West include:-

Name                 Famous For                                                Where Born       When Born
Jeremiah Horrocks    Astronomer who was the only person to predict, and        Toxteth,           1618
                     one of only two people to observe and record the          Liverpool
                     transit of Venus of 1639.
James Hargreaves     Credited with inventing the Spinning Jennifer             Oswaldtwistle,   Circa 1720
                     (shortened to Spinning Jenny in 1768) and was one         Hyndburn
                     of the most famous names of the Industrial
                     Revolution in Britain.
John Milne           Geologist and mining engineer who invented the            Liverpool           1850
                     seismograph which are instruments that measure
                     and record motions of the ground, including those of
                     seismic waves generated by earthquakes, nuclear
                     explosions, and other seismic sources.
Sir John             A lawyer who rose to the position of King's first         Hallwood,        11.11.1662
Chesshyre            Serjeant                                                  Halton
Richard Arkwright    An entrepreneur credited with inventing the spinning      Preston           3.1.1733
                     frame (later renamed the water frame following the
                     transition to water power) and built the world’s first
                     water-powered cotton mill which was notably one of
                     the catalysts for the industrial revolution
George Romney        Portrait painter                                    Barrow-in-             26.12.1734
Edward Troughton     An instrument maker who was notable for making Corney,                     12.6.1753
                     telescopes and other astronomical instruments       Copeland
Fletcher Christian   Naval mutineer on H.M.S. Bounty                     Brigham,               25.9.1764
John Dalton          Chemist, meteorologist and physicist who is best Eaglesfield,               6.9.1766
                     known for his pioneering work in the development of Allerdale
                     modern atomic theory, and his research into colour
                     blindness (sometimes referred to as Daltonism).
William              Writer of poems, sonnets and ballads and was Cockermouth,                   7.4.1770
Wordsworth           England’s Poet Laureate in 1843.                    Allerdale
Robert Peel          Conservative Prime Minister and helped to create Ramsbottom,                5.2.1788
                     the modern concept of the Police Force while Home Bury
John Rylands         Weaver, entrepreneur, and philanthropist, at one St Helens                  7.2.1801
                     time the owner of the largest textile manufacturing
                     concern in the UK

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Name              Famous For                                                Where Born        When Born
Thomas Brassey    Civil engineering contractor and manufacturer of          Buerton,          7.11.1805
                  building materials who was responsible for building       Chester
                  much of the world's railways in the 19th century and
                  by the time of his death in 1870 he had built one mile
                  in every 20 miles of railway in the world.
William E         Liberal Party statesman and four times Prime              Liverpool         29.12.1809
Gladstone         Minister
James Joule       Physicist and brewer who studied the nature of heat       Salford           24.12.1818
                  and discovered its relationship to mechanical work
                  This led to the theory of conservation of energy and
                  the unit for energy in the International System of
                  units, the joule, is named after him.
Sir Henry Tate    A sugar merchant, noted for establishing the Tate         Chorley           11.3.1819
                  gallery in London. After his death, Henry Tate &
                  Sons merged with Abram Lyle & Sons to form Tate &
Lewis Carroll     Children's writer (Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland       Daresbury,        27.1.1832
                  and Through the Looking Glass) and mathematician          Warrington
John Brunner      Founded Brunner Mond & Company in 1873. Built             Everton,           8.2.1842
                  factory at Winnington to produce soda ash and             Liverpool
                  became one of the wealthiest chemical companies in
                  the late nineteenth century. Introduced shorter
                  working hours, sickness and injury insurance, and
                  holidays with pay for his employees. Elected MP for
                  Northwich in 1885 and stood until 1910.
William Hesketh   An industrialist, philanthropist and colonialist who      Bolton            19.9.1851
Lever             established a soap manufacturing company called
                  Lever Brothers (now part of Unilever). Lever began
                  to put his philanthropic principles into practice
                  through the construction of Port Sunlight, a model
                  community designed to house and support the
                  workers of Lever Brothers.
John Henry        A professor of physics who developed the Poynting         Monton, Salford    9.9.1852
Poynting          vector, which describes the direction and magnitude
                  of electromagnetic energy flow and is used in the
                  Poynting theorem, a statement about energy
                  conservation for electric and magnetic fields and in
                  1903 he was the first to realise that the sun's
                  radiation can draw in small particles towards it which
                  was later coined the Poynting-Robertson effect.
Sir J J (Joseph   Physicist and credited for the discovery of the           Cheetham Hill,    18.12.1856
John) Thomson     electron and of isotopes and the invention of the         Manchester
                  mass spectrometer. Awarded the Nobel Prize for the
                  discovery of the electron.

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Name               Famous For                                                 Where Born       When Born
Samuel Ryder       An entrepreneur originated the idea of selling garden      Preston          24.3.1858
                   seeds in "penny packets" and later became an
                   enthusiastic golfer and he sponsored the Ryder Cup,
                   a competition first held in 1927 with a solid gold
                   trophy for the biennial golf championship between
                   the best of professional golfers in the USA and UK.
Emmeline           One of the leaders of the British suffragette              Hulme,           14.7.1858
Pankhurst          movement who founded the Women’s Franchise                 Manchester
                   League in 1889, and with her daughter Christabel
                   founded the Women’s Social and Political Union.
David Lloyd        British statesman who was the first and only Welsh         Chorlton-on-     17.1.1863
George             Prime Minister that Britain has had so far and the last    Medlock,
                   Liberal to hold the office. He was Prime Minister          Manchester
                   throughout the latter half of World War I and the first
                   four years of the subsequent peace.
Frank Hornby       Inventor, businessman and politician. He was a             Liverpool        15.5.1863
                   visionary in toy development and manufacture and
                   produced three of the most popular lines of toys in
                   the twentieth century: Meccano, Hornby Model
                   Railways and Dinky Toys. He also founded the
                   British toy company Meccano Ltd in 1908.
Sebastian de       Innovator in the development of electrical                 Liverpool         9.4.1864
Ferranti           engineering. Patented the Ferranti dynamo at the
                   age of 16. Formulated idea of large-scale generation
                   and distribution of electricity.
Charles Glover     Physicist who won the Nobel Prize in 1917 for              Widnes, Halton   27.6.1877
Barkla             discovering the electromagnetic properties of X-rays
Norman Haworth     Chemist who is best known for his groundbreaking           Chorley          19.3.1883
                   work on ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and received the
                   Nobel Prize for his work on the structure of vitamin
William (Norman)   A noted British Barrister and judge who served as          Ulverston,        6.9.1883
Birkett            the alternate British Judge during the Nuremberg           South Lakeland
                   trials after World War II
George Herbert     A mountaineer who took part in the first three British     Mobberley,       18.6.1886
Leigh Mallory      expeditions to Mount Everest in the early 1920s            Macclesfield
LS (Laurence       English artist famous for painting scenes of life in the   Stretford,       1.11.1887
Stephen) Lowry     industrial districts of northern England during the        Trafford
                   early 20th Century.
Stan Laurel        Comic actor, writer and director, famous as the first      Ulverston,       16.6.1890
                   half of the comedy double-act Laurel and Hardy,            South Lakeland
                   whose were famous for silent films
James Chadwick     Physicist who won the Nobel Prize in 1935 for his          Bollington,      20.10.1891
                   discovery of the neutron                                   Macclesfield
George Formby      Ukulele player, singer and comedian who became a           Newtown,         26.05.1904
                   major star of both cinema and music halls.                 Wigan

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Name               Famous For                                               Where Born        When Born
Fred Perry         Tennis and table tennis player and three-time            Stockport         18.05.1909
                   Wimbledon champion. He was the World number 1
                   player for five years and is the last Englishman to
                   win the Wimbledon Men's Singles.
Dame Thora Hird    Actress who made her screen debut in 1940 followed       Morecambe,        28.5.1911
                   by over 60 films and is best remembered for all her      Lancaster
                   successful comedy roles.
Rodney Robert      Biochemist who shared the Nobel Prize for Medicine       Newton-le-        8.10.1917
Porter             or Physiology in 1972 for determining the exact          Willows,     St
                   chemical structure of an antibody and using an           Helens
                   enzyme called papain, he broke the blood's
                   immunoglobin into pieces, making them easier to
Jimmy Lewthwaite   Rugby league winger for Barrow and Great Britain.     Cleator Moor,        10.11.1920
Robert Alexander   Baron Runcie of Cuddesdon was a prelate and Crosby, Sefton                 2.10.1921
Kennedy Runcie     Archbishop of Canterbury
Nigel Kneale       Writer active in television, film, radio drama and Barrow-in-              18.4.1922
                   prose fiction, he wrote professionally for over fifty Furness
                   years, and was twice nominated for the British Film
                   Award for Best Screenplay.
Willie Horne       Played rugby league for Great Britain, England, Barrow-in-                 23.1.1923
                   Lancashire and Barrow between 1943 to 1959 and Furness
                   captained all four sides.
Eric Morecambe     Originally John Eric Bartholomew who took his stage Morecambe,             14.5.1926
                   name from the seaside resort where he was born. A Lancaster
                   6-time BAFTA award-winning comedian who
                   together with Ernie Wise formed the double act
                   Morecambe and Wise.
Albert Finney      Academy Award nominated and Emmy Award Pendleton,                           9.5.1936
                   winning actor.                                        Salford
Ian McKellen       A stage and screen actor, the recipient of the Tony Burnley                25.5.1939
                   Award and 2 Oscar nominations and is best known
                   for roles such as Gandalf in the Lord of the Rings
                   film trilogy
Melvyn Bragg       Novelist and television arts presenter                Wigton,              6.10.1939
Ringo Starr        Born Richard Starkey. Musician, singer, songwriter Liverpool                7.7.1940
                   and actor, best known as the drummer for The
                   Beatles and narrated the television series Thomas
                   The Tank Engine and Friends
John Lennon        Songwriter, peace campaigner and founder member Liverpool                  9.10.1940
                   of The Beatles. He was shot dead in new York in

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Name                 Famous For                                               Where Born       When Born
Geoff Hurst          England footballer enshrined in the game's history as    Ashton-under-    8.12.1941
                     the only player to have scored a hat-trick in a World    Lyne, Tameside
                     Cup final where his three goals came in the 1966
                     final for England in their 4-2 win over West Germany
                     at Wembley. Such an achievement was made all the
                     more remarkable by the fact that he was only five
                     months and eight games into his international career,
                     and was not considered his country's premier centre
John Thaw            Actor who has appeared in a range of television,         Longsight,        3.1.1942
                     stage and cinema roles with his most popular being       Manchester
                     police and legal dramas such as The Sweeney,
                     Inspector Morse and Kavanagh QC.
Paul McCartney       Rock singer, bass guitarist, songwriter, composer,       Liverpool        18.6.1942
                     multi-instrumentalist, entrepreneur, record producer,
                     film producer and animal-rights activist and gained
                     worldwide fame as a member of The Beatles
George Harrison      Lead guitarist, vocalist and songwriter with The         Liverpool        25.2.1943
                     Beatles. He also co-founded the producer company
                     Handmade Films.
Cilla Black (born    Made singing debut at Cavern Club in Liverpool and       Liverpool        27.5.1943
Priscilla White)     had several number 1 singles before turning to
                     television and presenting programmes such as Blind
                     Date and Surprise Surprise. Awarded OBE in 1997.
Pete Postlethwaite    Film actor                                              Warrington       7.2.1945
Emlyn Hughes         English footballer who captained both the English        Barrow-in-       28.8.1947
                     national side and Liverpool FC. during the 1970s.        Furness
Russ Abbott          Comedian                                                 Chester          16.9.1947
Cherie Booth         English barrister who is married to former Prime         Bury             23.9.1954
                     Minister Tony Blair.
Nick Park            A 4 time Academy Award winning filmmaker of stop         Preston          6.12.1958
                     motion animation best known as the creator of
                     Wallace and Gromit. He has also won 4 Oscars.
Ian Brown            Musician and former lead singer of The Stone Roses       Warrington       20.2.1963
Jane Horrocks        Actress who has appeared in Absolutely Fabulous          Rawtenstall,     18.1.1964
                     and films including Little Voice, Chicken Run and a      Rossendale
                     musician, and singer who duetted with Robbie
                     Williams on his album Swing When You’re Winning.
Carl Fogarty         World Superbike Champion                                 Blackburn         1.7.1965
Steve Coogan         Actor, impressionist, and comedian who is best           Middleton,       14.10.1965
                     known for the character of Alan Partridge.               Rochdale
Chris Boardman       Racing cyclist who has won an individual pursuit         Wirral           26.8.1968
                     Olympic gold medal, broken the world hour record
                     three times and has worn the yellow jersey on three
                     separate occasions at the Tour de France.
Keith Tyson          Artist who has won the Turner prize                      Ulverston,       23.8.1969
                                                                              South Lakeland

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Name               Famous For                                           Where Born     When Born
Gary Barlow        Solo artist, songwriter and front man for Take That  Frodsham, Vale 20.1.1971
Peter Kay          Comedian, writer, producer, and actor                Farnworth,      2.7.1973
Paula Radcliffe     Long distance runner and current world record Davenham,            17.12.1973
                    holder of women’s marathon                          Vale Royal
Michael Owen        England footballer player who has previously played Chester        14.12.1979
                    for Liverpool
Amir Khan          Lightweight boxer                                    Bolton          8.12.1986
Sources: and

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