The Ministers Black Veil by Levone

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									The Minister’s Black Veil

             A Parable
        Nathaniel Hawthorne
Nathaniel Hawthorne
• 1804 – 1864
•  Born in Salem, Massachusetts
• Descended from a prominent Puritan family
• Believed that evil was a dominant force in
  the world.
• His fiction expresses a gloomy vision of
  human affairs.
Inherited Guilt
• One of Hawthorne’s ancestors was a Puritan judge
  who played a key role in the Salem witchcraft
• Another ancestor was a judge known for his
  persecution of Quakers.
• Both Hawthorne’s character and focus as a writer
  were shaped by a sense of inherited guilt.
   • He was haunted by the intolerance and cruelty of
   • He was not a Puritan and was born 112 years after the
     Salem witchcraft trials.
Nathaniel Hawthorne
• Master of symbolism and allegory
• He wrote throughout his life.
• After graduating from Maine’s Bowdoin
  College in 1825, he wrote a novel,
  • Soon after the book’s anonymous publication in
    1828, he was seized by shame and abruptly
    burned most available copies of his book.
Nathaniel Hawthorne
• During the nine years that followed, he
  honed his writing skills working in a room
  he called “the dismal chamber.”
  • This resulted in a collection of stories entitled
    Twice Told Tales published in 1837.
     • Although the book sold poorly, it established him as
       a respected writer.
     • Gave him sufficient resources and encouragement to
       continue his writing.
Nathaniel Hawthorne
• In 1850, he published his masterpiece The
  Scarlet Letter, a powerful novel about sin
  and guilt among early Puritans.
  • This book was extremely successful.
  • Earned him international fame
• He soon wrote two more novels, The House
  of the Seven Gables (1851) and The
  Blithedale Romance (1852).
Nathaniel Hawthorne
• When his friend Franklin Pierce became president,
  Hawthorne was named American consul at
  Liverpool, England.
• He spent several years in England and traveled
  through Italy before returning to Massachusetts.
• Used his Italian experiences in the novel Marble
  Faun (1860).
• Hawthorne died four years later.
   • He left four unfinished novels among his belongings.
The Minister’s Black Veil: A
• Parable: a simple, usually brief , story that
  teaches a moral lesson.
  • A type of Allegory which is a story with both a
    literal and a symbolic meaning.
  • In subtitling this story “A Parable,” Hawthorne
    indicates that the moral lesson it conveys is
Connecting Literary Elements
• The veil that Mr. Hooper vows never to remove is
  a symbol – something that has meaning in itself
  while also standing for something greater.
• To understand the message expressed, analyze
  veil’s symbolic meaning.
   • Revealed through responses of parishioners
   • Revealed in minister’s own deathbed explanation.
Reading Strategy
• Draw inferences about meaning.
• When message of work of fiction is
  conveyed indirectly through symbols, the
  reader must draw inferences, or
  • Look closely at details, especially descriptions
    and dialogue.
• Drawing inferences is a way of interpreting
  a character’s behavior, statements, or an
  author’s message.
• Description Dialogue:
  • “He has changed himself into something awful,
    only by hiding his face.”
  • Inference: Villagers are frightened by the veil.
• venerable: adj. commanding respect p. 342
• iniquity: n. sin; wickedness (p.343)
• indecorous: adj. improper (p. 343)
• ostentatious: adj. intended to attract notice;
  showy (p. 343).
• sagacious: adj. shrewd; perceptive (p. 343)
• vagary: n. unpredictable occurrence p. 344
• tremulous: adj. characterized by trembling
  (p. 345)
• waggery: n. mischievous humor (p.345)
• impertinent: adj. not showing proper
  respect (p. 346)
• obstinacy: n. stubbornness
Connecting to the Literature
• A secret, when kept too long can take on a
  mysterious significance.
• It can cause people to fill in the missing
  story and draw their own untrue
• In “The Minister’s Black Veil,” a Puritan
  parson keeps a secret from an entire village
  for his whole life.

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