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The Crucible - ”The Crucible”

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									                                              The Crucible
                                               Study Guide

Quotes
For the following quotes, answer the questions that follow.
   1. “Adultery, John.”
          a. Who said it?
          b. To whom was it said?
          c. Why is it significant?

   2. “More weight.”
         a. Who said it?
         b. To whom was it said?
         c. What does it show you about this character?



   3. “You think that it is God‟s work that you should never lose a child and I bury all but one?”
         a. Who said it?
         b. To whom was it said?
         c. What effect does it have on the events of the play?



   4. “John, if it were not Abigail that you must go to hurt, would you falter now? I think not.”
         a. Who said it?
         b. What does it mean?
         c. Why is it significant?

   5. “Because it is my name! Because I cannot have another in my life! Because I lie and sign myself
      to lies! Because I am not worth the dust on the feet of them that hang! How may I live without
      my name? I have given you my soul; leave me my name.”
          a. Who said it?
          b. What does it mean?
          c. How does it show you the speaker‟s character?

   6. “To live in, yes. But to ask ownership is like you shall own the meeting house itself; the last
      meeting I were at you spoke so long on deeds and mortgages I thought it were an auction.”
         a. Who said it?
         b. To whom was it said?
         c. What does it show about the person to whom this was said?

   7. “Will it hurt the child, sir?
         a. Who said it?
         b. To whom was it said?
         c. What does it show about the speaker‟s character?
   8. “It discomfits me! Last night – mark this – I tried and tried and could not say my prayers. And
      then she close her book and walks out of the house, and suddenly – mark this – I could pray again!”
          a. Who said it?
          b. To whom was it said?
          c. What effect does it have on events of the play?



   9. “Why, then, I must find it and join it.”
        a. Who said it?
        b. To who was is said?
        c. What effect does it have on the events of the play?



   10. “Do what you will. But let none be your judge. There be no higher judge under Heaven than
       Proctor is!”
          a. Who said it?
          b. To whom was it said?
          c. What does it show about the speaker and the situation between the two?

Matching
      Match the characters with their description. Choose the answer that best fits. I will pick 10
from the 15 that follow. MAKE SURE YOU KNOW THE DESCRIPTION AND NOT THE LETTER, AS
THEY MAY BE MIXED UP ON THE TEST!              

1. _____ John Proctor                    A. presiding judge
2. _____ Abigail Williams                B. provides moral standards for village
3. _____ Betty Parris                    C. compared to Pontius Pilot
4. _____ Rev. Hale                       D. the Proctor‟s maid
5. _____ Tituba                          E. hanged at the end of the play
6. _____ Goody Nurse                     F. pressed to death with stones
7. _____ Elizabeth Proctor               G. ten years old; inert at beginning of the play
8. _____ Giles Corey                     H. endless capacity for dissembling
9. _____ Mary Warren                     I. slave from Barbados
10. _____ Danforth                       J. accused of witchcraft because of a poppet
11. _____ Ruth Putnam                    K. Putnam‟s servant that was naked in the woods
12. _____ Judge Hathorn                  L. Accused of witchcraft for reading books
13. _____ Martha Corey                   M. Well-to-do landowner
14. _____ Mercy Lewis                    N. Went to Tituba to conjure dead brothers and sisters
15. _____ Thomas Putnam                  O. Prosecuting Judge
Critical Reading
Choose the letter that best answers the statement.

   1.   _____ The Puritans associated the forest with:
          a. dancing and entertainment
          b. disorder and evil
          c. God‟s presence and nature
          d. Purity and innocence

   2.    _____ When Rev. Hale appears at the Proctor‟s door to question Elizabeth, he is described as
        “different now – drawn a little, and there is a quality of deference, even of guilt, about his
        manner now.” What accounts for this change?
            a. He is uncomfortable questioning a respectable woman like Elizabeth.
            b. He feels guilty that he has also felt some desire for Abigail.
            c. He fears he is also at risk for being accused.
            d. He is scared that Elizabeth will cast a spell on him.

   3. _____ What is ironic about John Proctor‟s inability to name all of the Ten Commandments?
         a. He has a good memory and remembers everything
         b. He has never learned the commandments.
         c. He committed the one commandment that he forgot to list.
         d. He is afraid of revealing his own sin.

   4. _____ What motivates Rev. Hale to help the Proctors?
         a. His love for Elizabeth.
         b. His respect for Giles Corey.
         c. His commitment to the truth.
         d. His intense hatred for Rev. Parris.

   5. _____ Which theme would best describe Proctor‟s final decision in this play?
         a. Personal honor determines a person‟s self-worth and value.
         b. Government hierarchy should be fought to one‟s death.
         c. Forgiveness can be extended to the guilty as well as to the innocent.
         d. Justice can be evil.

   6. _____ Elizabeth refuses to run to Proctor at the end of the play because:
         a. She wants him to die.
         b. She knows that he has made the only decision that he can live with.
         c. She knows he loves Abigail.
         d. She thinks they might decide to hang her, too.

   7. _____ What is Rev. Parris‟ main concern at the beginning of this play?
         a. Abigail‟s dismissal from the Proctor home
         b. His daughter‟s health
         c. Tituba‟s influence over the children
         d. Rumors of witchcraft and their affect on his reputation
8. _____ What lesson does Elizabeth tell John she has learned during her three months‟
   imprisonment?
      a. That all people in Salem are sinners and should hang.
      b. That she sinned by having an affair with Giles Corey.
      c. That she is partly responsible for John‟s infidelity and has sins on her head, too.
      d. That God is dead because he has allowed this to happen.

9. _____ Rev. Hale wants Proctor to confess because:
      a. He wants to save Proctor from execution because he feels responsible.
      b. He wants to prevent a public rebellion.
      c. He wants Elizabeth and their sons to have a house to live in.
      d. He wants to use Proctor‟s name as an example to others.



10. _____ What other „evidence‟ does Rev. Hale question the Proctor‟s about?
       a. their children sleep through church and he didn‟t cut his grass
       b. they don‟t give enough money to the church for candlesticks
       c. they don‟t invite Rev. Parris over for lunch nor do they chop his wood for him
       d. they don‟t regularly attend church and their last child hasn‟t been baptized



11. _____ Rev. Hale denounces the proceedings because:
       a. He has had an affair with Elizabeth Proctor and doesn‟t want to risk being accused of
          lechery.
       b. He is disgusted with Danforth‟s and Parris‟ refusal to see the truth.
       c. His expertise is no longer needed.
       d. He believes that Parris should be accused of witchcraft.

12. _____ Mary Warren retracts her confession after:
      a. she realizes that Proctor is a witch.
      b. she realizes that Elizabeth is going to hang anyway.
      c. she realizes that Abigail is going to have her accused and arrested for witchcraft if she
         doesn‟t change her confession.
      d. she realizes that Proctor can‟t protect her from Abigail because he doesn‟t own a gun nor
         does he have a license to buy one.

13. _____ What does Proctor mean when he tells Danforth, “God damns our kind especially, and we
    will burn, we will burn together”?
        a. We who commit wrongs knowingly are the most guilty and damnable of all.
        b. The whole community will suffer damnation for the injustices being committed here.
        c. Danforth will suffer damnation if he condemns Proctor.
        d. Although women are accused of witchcraft more than men, it is the men that are the
            greater sinners.
14. _____ Hale cites all of the following for causes of rebellion except:
       a. High taxes
       b. Abandoned cattle
       c. Stink of rotting crops
       d. Orphans wandering from house to house.

15. _____ The stage directions tell us that Rev. Hale speaks sarcastically of doing the “Devil‟s work.”
    Why?
       a. He has always told people lying is a sin and now he is trying to convince them to lie.
       b. He is replying to a stupid question from Danforth.
       c. He has always been on the side of the devil and is now finally admitting it.
       d. He is associating with witches and it disgusts him.

16. _____ Giles Corey would not agree or disagree with his indictment because:
       a. He would not be considered a wizard.
       b. His sons would inherit his land.
       c. He wanted to die a Christian.
       d. He was uneducated and didn‟t understand what they were asking him.

17. _____ Elizabeth refuses to run to Proctor at the end of the play because:
       a. She wants him to die.
       b. She knows that he has made the only decision that he can live with.
       c. She knows he loves Abigail.
       d. She thinks they might decide to hang her, too.

18. _____ Parris wants Rebecca and John to confess because he believes that:
      a. confession will save their lives.
      b. they are not really guilty of witchcraft.
      c. if they hang Rebecca and John, the rest of the village will rebel.
      d. their confessions will prove that there are witches in Salem.

19. _____ Elizabeth believes that Abigail has accused her of witchcraft because:
       a. Abigail wants Elizabeth dead.
       b. Abigail wants revenge on Elizabeth for firing her.
       c. Abigail wants to raise John‟s three sons.
       d. Abigail wants to cause Elizabeth to have a miscarriage.



20. _____ The person that first brought suspicion against Martha Corey was:
       a. Abigail                   c. Mercy Lewis, her servant
       b. Cotton, her son                  d. Giles, her husband

21. _____ Rebecca Nurse is arrested because:
       a. Giles wants her land.
       b. Goody Putnam thinks Rebecca murdered her seven babies.
       c. Goody Proctor‟s pigs died.
            d. Francis, her husband, caught her reading a dirty novel.

   22. _____ At the end of the play, Parris tells Danforth that:
          a. Abigail is pregnant with John‟s baby.
          b. Abigail has run away with Mercy Lewis.
          c. Abigail admitted that she was lying the whole time.
          d. Abigail accused Danforth of being a witch.

   23. _____ What lesson does Elizabeth tell John she has learned during her three months‟
       imprisonment?
          a. That all people in Salem are sinners and should hang.
          b. That she sinned by having an affair with Giles Corey.
          c. That she is partly responsible for John‟s infidelity and has sins on her head, too.
          d. That God is dead because he has allowed this to happen.

Vocabulary
      I will pick ten vocabulary words from “The Crucible.” Here is the list from which I will choose.

   1.    trafficked                                             11. quail
   2.    conjured                                               12. discomfit
   3.    faction                                                13. reprimand
   4.    dissembling                                            14. indignant
   5.    conviction                                             15. base
   6.    subservient                                            16. pious
   7.    naïve                                                  17. daft
   8.    pretense                                               18. lechery
   9.    prodigious                                             19. denounce
   10.   canny                                                  20. purged

Plot
         Be familiar with the following terms and be able to identify them for “The Crucible:”

   1.    Exposition
   2.    Conflict
   3.    Rising Action
   4.    Climax
   5.    Falling Action
   6.    Denouement

								
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