The Transit Standards Consortium

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The Transit Standards Consortium Powered By Docstoc
  For Transit, By Transit

             Eva Lerner-Lam, President
          Palisades Consulting Group, Inc.

                      Presentation at the
1999 Fall Conference of the New York Public Transit Association
                     Saratoga Springs, NY
                    November 17-18, 1999
       Why Are ITS Standards Important to

•   Reduce capital and operating costs (increase benefit/cost of
•   Increase flexibility (plug-and-play compatibility)
•   Assist in meeting future funding eligibility requirements
What’s Happening to Help Make Transit ITS
          Standards a Reality?

•   National Architecture for ITS
•   “Base” and “Critical” Standards
•   National Transportation Communications for ITS Protocols
     – Center-To-Center
•   Dedicated Short-Range Communications
•   Location Referencing and Messaging Standard
•   International ITS Standards
•   Transit-specific standards:
     –   Bus Vehicle Area Network
     –   Transit Communications Interface Profiles
     –   Rail Transit Vehicle Interface Standards
     –   Smart Card Standards
                        TCIP is . . .

  OBJECTS”. The framework defines how TCIP fits into the ITS
  and other standards arenas, and the data objects can be
  specified in procurements by transit agencies to enable data
  exchange between transit departments and among transit and
  other traffic and transportation management agencies.

• TRANSIT INDUSTRY-DRIVEN. Consensus-based standards
  developed by the transit industry, facilitated by technical support
  consultants with both transit and ITS expertise.
                 TCIP is . . .

• MOVING QUICKLY. Recently approved for balloting
  as Recommended Standards by Standards
  Development Organizations (ITE, NEMA and

  CONSORTIUM. User subgroups were a strong
  foundation for a permanent consortium.
             Status of TCIP Standards
  Name of         Document    Committee       User         Proposed    Balloting by   Publication
  Standard         Number     Constituted   Comment         Standard     NTCIP
                                              Draft        Approved     Partners
                                            Approved       by NTCIP
  Framework      NTCIP 1400       X              X              X           X
Business Areas
     CPT         NTCIP 1401       X              X            X             X
      CC         NTCIP 1406       X              X            X             X
      FC         NTCIP 1408       X              X            X             X
      IM         NTCIP 1402       X              X            X             X
      OB         NTCIP 1406       X              X            X             X
      PI         NTCIP 1403       X              X            X             X
     SCH         NTCIP 1404       X              X            X             X
      SP         NTCIP 1405       X              X            X             X
      TM                          X         In process,
                                            balloting of
               What does TCIP do?

• Refines Advanced Public Transportation System (APTS) data flows
• Defines a Transit Data (Interface) Dictionary (composed of relevant
  data objects)
• Defines a Transit Message Set (composed of transit business
  objects or entities)
• Allows flexibility by providing a mechanism for “marshaling” data

• Funded by US DOT FTA and Joint Program Office for
  ITS in October 1996

• Developed as an ITS standard under auspices of the
  Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE)

• The Transit component of the National Transportation
  Communications for ITS Protocol (NTCIP)
         Unanticipated Odyssey

• Began as an “ITS standard”; now firmly rooted in the
  transit arena

• Because of the “information engineering” focus on
  transit as a business enterprise, and
  acknowledgement of the different user groups within
  that enterprise, the project team had solid buy-in on
  the effort from the transit user community, vendors
  and agencies alike.
APTS ITS System Architecture
                    PMS                    RTS
 Parking                                                                Intermodal
 Service          Parking                                                                                      Transportation
                                      Remote Traveler                  Transportation                            Planners
 Provider        Management             Support                       Service Provider


                                                            ISP             EM                                    EMVS
                                          Financial     Information     Emergency                               Emergency
                                         Institution      Service       Management                               Vehicle
                                                          Provider                                              Subsystem

                                           TMS            TRMS                                 RS
 Government                              Traffic         Transit                             Roadway
Administrators                                                                              Subsystem
                                       Management       Management

                                                                        Multimodal       Transit Vehicle
                                                                        Crossing          Subsystem

                  Other TRM                                                                                   Transit Vehicle

                                         Tr GMS
                                      Transit Garage
   Recommended by Transit Industry.
Transit’s Interface Problem

   APP               APP

   APP               APP

            TCIP Solution

APP   APP     APP         APP   APP   APP

              TCIP Object Bus
                        TCIP Architecture
                                         CORE Business
                   Scheduling System                          Control Center   On-Board
                                         Bus Stop Time Pt.
GIS                Runcutting/                                Dispatch         Annunciator
                   Planning              Route Architecture
Spatial Analysis                                              Incident         Fare Collection
                   Blocking              Rolling Stack VIP    Management       Unit
Network Analysis
                   Work Rule Policies    Map Database/        RT Display       Passenger Unit/
Display/Mapping    Procedure             Network                               Radio
                                         Roster               Adherance         APC       VMS

                                                                                Comm. Center

                                        TCIP "Object" Bus
         Business Area Subgroups
•   Passenger Information (PI)
•   Scheduling/Runcutting (SCH)
•   Incident Management (IM)
•   Vehicle On-Board (OB)
•   Transit Control Center (CC)
•   Fare Collection (FC)
•   Traffic Management (TM)
•   Spatial Representation (SP)
•   Common Public Transportation Objects (CPT)
•   Rail Transit Vehicle (RTV)
•   Paratransit [as yet unfunded]
•   Dynamic scheduling/transfer connection protection [as yet unfunded]
•   Transit garage management [as yet unfunded]
Integrating TCIP with the ITS National Architecture
                 Transit ITS Data Flows and

                       A. Public Transit

                      B. PTV to/from
                         TrMS and other
                         transit facilities

                 C. TrMS to/from Other ITS
                    Centers (TMC, EMSC, ISP,
                    selected transit facilities,
                    financial organizations)

                      D. TrMS to/from
Integrating TCIP with the ITS National Architecture


                        Fare Collection

                                              TCIP Subgroups/Object
                     Transit Control Center
                                                  Message Sets


                     Passenger Information

                     Incident Management

                      Traffic Management

                     Spatial Representation

                        Common Public
                     Transportation Objects
Integrating TCIP with the ITS National Architecture
                                       TCIP Subgroups/Objects

          Transit ITS Data Flows and             On-Board

                                              Fare Collection
                A. Public Transit

                                           Transit Control Center

               B. PTV to/from              Scheduling/Runcutting
                  TrMS and other
                  transit facilities
                                            Passenger Information

    C. TrMS to/from Other ITS
       Centers (TMC, EMSC, ISP,            Incident Management
       selected transit facilities,
       financial organizations)
                                            Traffic Management

                                           Spatial Representation
                D. TrMS to/from
                                              Common Public
                                           Transportation Objects
                                TCIP Approach
       Data Dictionary & Message Set                                  Component Definition & Dialog Processing

                                                                            Strategic overview of
                         Strategic overview                                 Transit ITS Architecture
                         of business area                                   (extracted from National
                         (BA) information                                   Architecture) and transit
                         needs.                                             BA decomposition.
                    Data concept and                                                 Dialogs or processes
                    flow (messaging)                                                 (functional interaction
                    needs.                                                           between components).

      Development of data                            Analyze
                                                                                         Specification of dialog
      dictionary and message set                                                         processing standard
Integration of TCIP DD                                                                       Implementation by users.
and MS in application.

                           TCIP1:                                      TCIP2:
                           DATA                                      ACTIVITIES

                                   Adaptation of Information Engineering Model to
                                      TCIP standards development activities
     Transit Communications Interface Profile
                                 Project Organization

                                   US Department of Transportation
                                  FTA/ITS Joint Program Office for ITS

                                   Standard Development Organization
                                             James Cheeks
                                  Institute of Transportation Engineers

                                              Eva Lerner-Lam
                                       Palisades Consulting Group, Inc.

NTCIP’s TCIP Technical Working Group                                           TCIP Steering Group
            Isaac Takyi                                                   James Cheeks, Eva Lerner-Lam,
       NYC Transit Authority                                                Polly Okunieff, Isaac Takyi

        Working Subgroups

                                          Technical Project Manager
                                               Polly Okunieff
                                                 ARINC, Inc.
   Transit Communications Interface Profiles
       Within the ITS Standards Development Structure

                             AASHTO, ITE, and NEMA
                     Individual NTCIP Partner Balloting Groups

                       NTCIP Joint Standards Committee
                              Ed Seymour, Chair

    NTCIP Standards Review                          Transit Standards Review Group
AASHTO, ITE and NEMA Committees                    Existing APTA, IEEE and ITE Committees

  Other NTCIP Working Groups                         TCIP Technical Working Group
                                                            Isaac Takyi, Chair

                                                       TCIP Working Subgroups
              TCIP Current Status
• Framework Standard and first 8 business area standards in final
  balloting stages (Traffic Management pending final TMDD ballot)

• Series of 15 White Papers describing in detail specific
  approaches and issues

• Participation by more than 800 volunteers on the TCIP TWG
  (transit staff, vendors, consultants, academics)

• 6,700 volunteer hours contributed at 53 face-to-face subgroup

• Original work plan included 4 regional workshops; completed 11,
  hosted by transit agencies

• All documentation posted at the TCIP Website:
 Data Interface Standards, at last

• Awakening, not to the problem (which was always
  present and acknowledged), but to the solution

• Rapidly growing sense of empowerment and self-
  determination by the user community

• Strengthened by coordination and cooperation with
  IEEE Rail Transit Vehicle Interface Standards
                The Future

• How to fund testing of TCIP and
  development of more transit standards?
• Transit Standards (TS) Consortium
  – A nationwide, grass-roots, transit industry
         TSC Mission
“To provide a transit industry forum for
     comprehensive and integrated
research, development, testing, training
and maintenance of transit standards in
  order to improve cost effectiveness,
    customer service and employee
       Organizational Structure

• Independent, non-profit organization
• IRS-certified under Sec. 501 ( c ) 3
• Twelve-member Board of Trustees
• Technical Council and Education/Outreach Council
• Technical Working Groups for Functional Areas (e.g.,
  data standards, hardware standards, reporting
  standards, etc.)
• Task Committees for specific standards-related
• Equal representation at all levels of TSC
   – Operators
   – Vendors
   – Other
      •   University Transportation Research Centers
      •   State and local DOT’s
      •   System Integrators
      •   Etc.

• Three sources:
  – Member dues
  – Grants from governmental agencies
  – Stakeholder contributions to specific functional
            Status of TSC Effort

• White Paper published, December 1997
• First Board constituted and corporate entity legally
  established, March 1998
• Interim Technical Council constituted and Interim
  Executive Director appointed, March 1998
• First Annual Meeting, October 4, 1998
• FTA grant for start up activities: June 1999
• Charter Membership Drive until early October 1999
• Second Annual Meeting, October 25, 1999
              Current Activities

• Assisting FTA with planning and programming of all
  transit standards activities, including ITS standards
• Facilitating coordinated transit ITS standards
  activities involving JPO, ITE, AASHTO, NEMA, SAE,
• TCIP, Other Recommended Practices (e.g., Bus Stop
  Inventory, Y2K Aftermath, Transit Signal Priority, etc.)
• Transit ITS Outreach coordination
• Newsletters, email subscriber updates,
  teleconferences, forums, etc.
    Future Strategic Alliances
•   Society of Automotive Engineers
•   APTA
•   ITS America
•   Object Management Group
•   Open GIS Consortium
For more information...