contribution to scholarship on the late phase In addition to highlighting the unfortunate
of the Ottoman state and her policy toward fate of the inhabitants of the province, this
Armenians. The authors should be espe- work is also a further contribution towards
cially commended for attempting to clear a richer understanding of the complex na-
this scholarly discourse from many of the ture of revolutions, especially the lost ones.
emotional and political overtones that have In light of the massive historiography on
characterized it in the past. The authors WWI, it is quite an achievement in itself
present a documented account that dis- to document a largely forgotten episode of
plays both historical accuracy and compas- this huge conflict.
sion regarding the tragic history of both the Abdulhamit Kırmızı,
Christian and Muslim populations of Van. İstanbul Şehir University
Blood, Beliefs and Ballots: The Management of Kurdish
Nationalism in Turkey, 2007-2009
By Robert Olson
Costa Mesa, California: Mazda Publishers, 2009, 249 pp., ISBN 9781568592756.
Robert Olson has been a pioneering and criticisms and political competition they
prolific scholar of Kurdish nationalism. In are faced with.
Blood, Beliefs and Ballots, he analyzes Kurd- His main arguments can be summarized
ish political activism and the Turkish state’s in four points. First, the language issue has
attempts to manage this activism between become central to the Kurdish question in
the July 2007 parliamentary and 2009 lo- Turkey (pp. 12, 41-44, 227). While Kurdish
cal elections in Turkey. Olson extensively nationalists occasionally put forward territo-
documents political developments dur- rially oriented demands such as the propos-
ing this period on the basis of interviews al of dividing Turkey into autonomous re-
he personally conducted, news sources in gions (p. 99), their most consistent demand
Turkish, and secondary literature. The fact has been the allocation of public resources
that Olson gives voice to a variety of actors to Kurdish education. At minimum, they
ranging from the Turkish political elite to have demanded that Kurdish be taught as an
Kurdish nationalists to liberals substantial- optional language in public education. The
ly enriches the book. He convincingly dem- Turkish political elite appear to be unwill-
onstrates how increasing political plural- ing to m