Harmonizing Foreign Policy: Turkey, the European Union and the Middle East

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					Book Reviews

Harmonizing Foreign Policy: Turkey, the European Union and
the Middle East
By Mesut Özcan
Avebury: Ashgate, 2008, 208 pp., ISBN 9780754673705.

    Various scholars have analyzed Tur-         has the EU had on Turkish foreign policy,
key’s foreign policy in the post-Cold War       if any?
era from different angles. The changes               Mesut Özcan seeks answers to these
in Turkish foreign policy, in line with the     questions by looking at the impact of the
1989 structural transformation, were im-        EU on Turkish foreign policy. Turkey has
portant both for foreign policy analysts and    been an associate member of the European
for scholars working on International Rela-     Community/EU since 1963, applied for full
tions theory. This book is a timely addition    membership in 1987, became a candidate in
to this literature with its in-depth analysis   1999 and began its accession negotiations
and theoretical angle. Equally important        in 2005. As a result of the increasing ties be-
is that since the end of the Cold War the       tween Turkey and the EU, one would expect
academic community has become more re-          to see a change in Turkish foreign policy in
ceptive to the problems in the Middle East,     line with European norms and procedures.
the formulation of common foreign policy        Özcan aims to uncover these dynamics be-
in the EU, and ethnic based violence in the     tween Turkey and the EU with an attempt
Middle East. As a result, understanding         to assess whether there has been a Europe-
such changes in foreign policy has become       anization of foreign policy. This is a highly
an object of scientific inquiry.                challenging task for the following reasons:
    In the post-Cold War era, Turkey has        First, Europeanization as a theoretical con-
been confronted with significant chal-          struct is used for changes in policy making
lenges coming from the process of Euro-         with regard to first pillar issues and its ap-
pean integration, with the EU making its        plication to the analysis of foreign policy
quantum leap into a political union, as well    even for the EU member states is relatively
as turmoil in the Middle East. Particularly     new as there is no single set of rules that
important in that realm were the emerg-         would apply to second pillar issues. Sec
				
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