Kocaeli - UTES

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                                     Geographical Localization

Except for İzmit, the central province of Kocaeli accommodates 6 districts and 653 units of
settlements which are administratively annexed to the central province of Kocaeli, namely Derince,
Gebze, Gölcük, Kandıra, Karamürsel and Körfez. The map given in Figure 1, shows county divisions of
Kocaeli. Provincial border between Kocaeli- İstanbul passes by the east of Kemikli Dere rivulet,
reaching Bursa province border from the tops of Samanlı Mountains and to the Sakarya province
border which falls behind the east of Eşme and Maşukiye. With a surface area of 3.505 km2, Kocaeli
is rather a small province and had been the smallest in the country until 1991 when Bartın (surface
area 2.140 km2) was given provincial status.

18% of the surface area is mountainous. Individual heights at Kocaeli peninsula in the north condense
into a tight succession in the south and form the Samanlı Mountains. To the north of İzmit heights
from the sea level do not exceed 350 meters. Starting at Armutlu peninsula, Samanlı Mountains
penetrate into the provincial zone from southwest. From west to east in 30 km width, these
mountains extend for 130 km in length. Situated in the southeast of the province, the highest
mountain of Kocaeli is Kartepe (1601 meters). Other major mountains are Mountain Dikmen
(1.387M ), Mounain Naldöken (1.125 M), Mountain Naz (917 M) and Mountain Çene (646 M).

Province of Koceli is plateaus and stretches in mesas for 74.6 % of the land. Waterbeds tear apart the
elevated lands which are generally the creation of erosive formations.

Some of the major earthquakes in the history of the İzmit Bay and The Marmara Sea are 1509
İstanbul, 1710 İzmit, 1754 Çınarcık, 1766a, 1766b The Marmara and 1894 İzmit-Adapazarı

The effects of the earthquake that hit the region on August the 17th, 1999 at 03.02 were devastating.
Thousands were killed, tens of thousands were injured and many were left without a shelter. Apart
from human losses earthquake had a large scale economic impact on the region in addition to
associated ecological problems which we consider to be even more devastating than the direct
effects of the earthquake and assume it our responsibility to inform the authorities/volunteer
societies about inherent ecological risks.

244383 residential units were damaged during the East Marmara Earthquake.

77342 residential units (32%), heavy damage
77169 residential units (32%), mediocre damage
89872 residential units (36 %), relatively mild damage

Within Kocaeli province 31625 residential, 4901 occupational units, heavy damage

29076 residential unit, 3807 occupational units, mediocre damage
31751 residential unit, 4345 occupational units, relatively mild damage

Industry and urbanization are densely populated on the Northern Anatolia fault line though it has
been known to be active since 1940’s. Concentration of chemical factories and oil industry despite
the known facts about the fault line has brought about uncontrolled urban sprawl along with
unguided industrialization.
                                                 Natural Resources

Energy resources:
Mid-wealth by virtue of its location. Solar power and daylight times are specified below as in 2004.
                            1      2      3      4      5      6      7      8      9      10     11     12     Total
 Average Daylight time
 (hours, minutes)
                            2,13   2,33   4,22   5,46   5,57   8,54   9,34   8,11   6,57   3,53   1,34   2,43   5,13
 Average insolation
 intensity (cal/cm2,/min)
                            96,9   140    235    314    367    453    451    362    299    185    87,5   101    258

                         Insolation times and intensities for Kocaeli, recorded in 2005
    - coal
    No coal reserves within the Kocaeli province.
    - natural gas
    No natural gas reserves within the Kocaeli province
    - wind
    See section (C) Atmosphere & Climate
    - biomass energy
    Biomass has not been introduced in Kocaeli
    - oil
    No oil reserves. However there is Tüpraş İzmit refinery in Kocaeli. Produced petrochemicals and
    amounts are given below.

                               Product type             Amount (1000XTONs/year)
                                    LPG                          275.7
                                 NAPHTA                          55.1
                             LEADLESS SUPER                     1163,3
                               JET FUEL A-1                       819
                               İZOMERATE                         292,9
                                KEROSENE                          4,6
                                  DIESEL                        2627,7
                                DIESEL 50                        335,4
                              FUEL OIL NO:4                      277,6
                              FUEL OIL NO:6                     1232,6
                                MC-ASFALT                        48,3
                               PEN-Asphalt                       850,5
                                  HVGO                           361,4
                                  sulfur                         23,1
                              FRACTINATOR                         5,2
                                    F-34                         94,9
                                    F-54                         55,2
                                    F-76                         43,6
                             380+180 CST BFO                     652,5
                                   ASRF                          67,3
                                   HSRN                          700,5
                                   KERO                           7,7
                                   LCGO                           0,3
                                    OBS                           7,3
                                   Production of İzmit Tüpraş Refinery as of 2006
    -   Geothermal Resources

    Though there are thermal facilities in the west and east of the province (Yalova and Sakarya
    Thermal facilities respectively) and despite the Northern Anatolia fault line that intersects with 3
    of these cities, Kocaeli does not have a thermal facility.

    However, there is Yazlık hot spring water, 3 km to the sea and within the borders of Yeniköy, 15
    km south of Kocaeli by the Gölcük road. The water springs at 40° C from within the historical
    ruins of Ayazman and helpful in treatment of skin diseases.

    -   underground water resources
    -   watercourses
    -   lakes and reservoirs

    Mineral Resources
    - Industrial Mines
       Within the borders of the province;
       Raw material of cement: limestone and clay

Mined at Gebze, Tavşanlı, Pelitli, Eskihisar, Muallimköy, Çerkeşli, Köseler, Demirciler, Kadılı,
Yağcılar, Darıca, Gölcük, Hisareyn, Dereköy, Körfez, Yukarı Hereke, İzmit, Zeytinburnu,
Şevkatiye, Sepetçi, Kışladüzü, Şemsettin, Bahçecik.

    -   Metals:
        South of İzmit Bay, iron (hematite and prit), chrome, manganese. None of them economically
        Gebze, marble in the South of İzmit, Servetiye, Tepecik, Sultaniye, Kandıra (Akçaova)
        Feldspar and clay:
        Selimiye, Sofular, Ferhadiye.
        İzmit, Kurtdere, in-between Tevfikiye and Ketencile. Kaytazdere of Karamürsel, Dereköy,
        Karaahmetli, İnebeyli, Taşağıl.
        Derince Yörükler, Çenedağ.
        Lead and zinc:
        Rarely found in the Mudarlı village of Gebze. Economically not feasible.
    -   Energy mining:
        There are no reserves within the provincial borders.

                                   Weather (Atmosphere & Climate)

İzmit Bay has a transitory climate between the Mediterranean and The Black Sea. The climate is
Mediterranean in the sense that winters are mild and wet. Shores on the bay do not differ in
temperature which has an annual average of 14,5° C. In July, average temperature is 23° C. Winter
average is, on the other hand, -2° C. According to the average of 1971-2000, there is no recession or
progress in drought nor any sign of climate change. “Drought” here is not used in generic sense but
as an index to refer in Aydeniz Methodology.
Kocaeli represents 20% of the industry in Turkey. In this respect, it’s one of the most industrialized
provinces of Turkey. Dramatic increases in temperature occur in June and September. However,
high temperatures do not reach drought conditions. Agricultural productivity is not effected by
these raises.

Underground Waters

İzmit Bay and its surroundings are rich in terms of underground waters. Potential reserves are (total
safe underground water reserves) 74,2 hm3/year.
    a) Underground waters of İzmit Plain................................................37 *106 m3/year
    b) Underground waters of Gölcük Plain............................................6,5*106 m3/ year
    c) Underground waters of Sapanca Plain........................................20,5*106 m3/ year
    d) Underground waters of Tütünçiftlik-Yarımca and Derince Plain...4,5*106 m3/ year
    e) Underground waters of Gebze-Dil Deresi Plain..............................2*106 m3/ year
    f) Underground waters of Gebze Çayırova Plain................................2,5*106 m3/ year
    g) Underground waters of Karamürsel Kaytazdere Plains..................1,2*106 m3/ year

Waters springing from the provincial lands of Kocaeli reach out either to The Black Sea or terminate
at The Marmara Sea. As the back of mountains that extend from Kocaeli peninsula is closer to İzmit
Bay and to The Marmara Sea, the course of waters reaching the Black Sea is relatively longer. 71 km
long Riva (Çayağzı) rivulet springs from Tepecik, (Gebze) and reach the Black Sea at the entrance of
Bosporus. Göksu rivulet (also called Ağva Deresi) springs from the near Karayakuplu village and reach
out to the Black Sea at Ağva. Another rivulet reaching The Black Sea is 43 km long Yulaflı. Rivulet of
Darlık springs from provincial lands of Kocaeli and fills the Darlık artificial lake, which is one of the
dams that supply water to İstanbul. 50 km long Kocadere rivulet originates from the near Denizli
Village and terminates at the Black Sea. A major rivulet originating within the provincial borders and
terminating at The Black Sea without leaving the provincial borders is Sarısu of Kandıra county. The
last stream of water that joins the Sakarya River before it terminates at the Black Sea is rivulet of
Kaynarca, which springs from county Kandıra. Kirazdere rivulet springs from Samanlı Mountains and
terminate at the İzmit Bay. A dam bearing the same name as the rivulet Kirazdere has been
completed in 1997. Rivulet of Dilova which runs from the south of Pelitli village to the north of
Tavşanlı village is 12 meters long and terminates at İzmit Bay.

Compression with the retrospective studies reveals that more wastewater is being carried out to
İzmit Bay by rivulet Dil which implies more waste load in the course of this water. Hence, the rivulet
Dil must have a priority in projects handling pollution in the area.

Natural/Artificial Lakes & Waters Reservoirs

Bordering Sakarya and Kocaeli provinces Lake Spanca is one of the natural freshwater lakes and
supplies water to the surrounding settlements. Circumference of the lake is 39 kilometers in total,
26 km is within the Sakarya Province, remaining 13 in Kocaeli. Human settlements around the lake
and within the basin are collected under the municipalities of Serdivan, Adapazarı, Arifiye, Sapanca,
Kırkpınar, Yanıkköy, Kurtköy and Mahmudiye, as well as villages of Memnuniye, Uzunkum,
Esentepe, Aşağıdere, Yukarıdere which are located within the Sakarya provincial borders.
Municipalities of Eşme, Maşukiye, Hikmetiye (Derbent), Suadiye and villlages of Acısu, Şirinsulhiye,
Nusretiye, Uzuntarla are located within the Koceli provincial borders.
In addition to being drinking water supply of Adapazarı, the lake supplies water to major industries
like Seka, Tüpraş and Petkim. However, Lake Sapanca has larger potential than its current
exploitation. As stated in a report of ‘Ministry of Public Works and Settlement’ dated 18.02.1992,
“its use as drinking and utility water in Koceli and İstanbul in the future is considered.” The lake has a
surface area of 47 km2 with a precipitated basin surface of 252 km2, annual safe water yield being
129.5 hm3.

SEA TOURISM (shore tourism, yachting)
Yachting: In coastal village of Eskihisar, within Gebze county, there is a marina (ATABAY) capable of
sheltering 60; open for foreign and domestic yachts.
Coastal Tourism: (nature, natural beaches)
Kocaeli has a northern coastline of 66.75 km at The Black Sea and 136.3 km of western coastline at
the Marmara. Natural beaches of the Black Sea coast, shades of blue and green form a vista of colors
in Kandıra and its surroundings.

CULTURAL TOURISM (Silk Way, Antiquities, Archeological Sites, National Parks)
The province has prospects with the potentials mentioned above if cultural assets are brought into
daylight with restorations and related works.

Keltepe (Kartepe) (1606 meters): is to the southeast of the province and quite eligible for mountain
tourism. Completely wild and untouched, upland of Kuzu has a panoramic view of the area offering
the visitor with rich fauna and flora. Mountain pines, beeches and basswood trees are common.
Being a four seasons attraction, Keltepe is one of the few touristic areas where winters sports can be
accompanied with a sea view though, as yet, tourism is limited to daily excursions. Arrangements
are being made to elevate the current touristic potential. A most delicious species of troutlet breeds
in the mountain ponds of Keltepe, best you can eat in Turkey.
Valley of Ballıkayalar: 10 km to Gebze, National Park of Ballıkayalar Valley stretches for 1.5 km. Width
varies between 40-80 m. Nearest settlement is Tavşanlı village. Ballıkayalar Valley is a carstic strait
with an original geomorphology that is generally the result of the abrasion of limestone. Climbers
frequently visit the valley. After puddles and falls of water, travertine terraces finally reach out to
Ballıkaya rivulet and offer a natural track to follow. The canyon has conveniently low plains where
one can camp out. The track connects the eastern and western cliffs.

(Uplands, Caves, Camping, Caravan, Botany, Farms, Photo Safari, Ornithology)

Beşkayalar National Park: Within the borders of the central county of the Kocaeli province, the park is
surrounded by the villages       of Servetiye Karşı, Servetiye Cami, Dere Mahallesi, Aytepe and
Değirmendüzü. Two different routes get to the region. One is from Bahçecik (14 km), the other is
from Yuvacık (16 km). Both are stabilized roads. Thanks to the efforts of Society of Environmental
Protection and Awareness (Çevre Eğitimi ve Koruma Derneği) an area of 1600 hectares is under
official protection and called “Beşkayalar Regional Nature Park.” The canyon at the intersection of
Sıcakdere (hotstream) and Soğukdere (coldstream) extends for 6 km and ideal for trekking.
Large and small, there are many waterfalls in the park and caves are populated with stalagmites and
stalactites. The park is rich in terms of flora and fauna and there are many places to camp, like the
Menekşe Plains.
Herborization: Beşkayalar Nature Park, Valley of Ballıkayalar, Karatepe Kuzuyayla, Darıca Bird
Sanctuary, Temalı Park and the Northern segment of Lake Sapanca offer the visitor every possibility
with richest fauna and flora.
Ornithology: Red cresterd pochard, common pochard (aythya ferina), and wild gooses live in the
reeds. Darıca Bird sanctuary and Temalı Park are welcoming ornithologists.
Darıca-Bayramoğlu Bird Sancuary and Temalı Park. 38 km from İstanbul, Darıca-Bayramoğlu Bird
Sancuary and Temalı Park have become a bird sanctuary of unmatched variety. The park has a zoo
where 350 different species of animals and 250 species of plants are under protection. There are
restaurants, playgrounds for children, botany gardens, tropical aquariums and a cable car. The
complex can be visited everyday in return of an entrance fee and is ideal for educational daily trips.

Land Sports
(Hunting, Riding, Trekking, Mountaineering, Cycling)
Başdeğirmen Trekking Field: Karapınar village is annexed to County of Karamürsel. The area is
located at the 8th km of Karapınar road heading right off the opposite of the Karamürsel Gendarme
station. One can see advertisements of DIY fish restaurants on each km of the road. Başdeğirmen has
a picnic area and offers trekking paths on the cliffs on the mountains through the monumental
sycamore trees and insatiable views.
Yuvacık Hiking Paths: 10 km from İzmit and spearing over at the skirts of Samanlı Mountains, Yuvacık
is one of the most beautiful places in the country. Ideal for nature sports, Yuvacık has an artificial
lake. Hikers are welcome.

There are climbing courses offered in Ballıkayalar where there are routes suitable for each type of
climbing. Ballıkayalar is better known for its steep cliffs.

Aquatic Sports
(Diving, Water Skiing, Parasailing, Sportive Fishing, Yachting)

Kandıra, Kerpe, Kumcağız, Kefken and Seyrek are among the regions suitable for diving.
Sportive fishing: Small lakes on Karatepe and Lake Sapanca as well as the shores of Kandıra are ideal
for sportive fishing.
Sailing: İzmit Bay is in general suitable for sailing sports.
Ice Skating: Olympic Ice Skating Floor and the Pavilion in Derince host national contests in Turkey.

MEDICAL TOURISM (Alternative Medicine)
Thermal Tourism
Hot spring waters, mineral springs
Yeniköy Yazlık Spring Water: On the road to Gölcük and 15 km from İzmit, Yazlık county is 3 km from
the sea and located within the borders of Yeniköy. Water springing from Byzantine ruins of Ayazma
is rich in sulfur and oligometallic content. 40° C water is good for skin diseases and it’s possible to
bath in 1 m deep pool of mineral water.
Maşukiye Healing Water: The water springs from heathland of Maşukiye, at the skirts of Karatepe.
The altitude is about 50 meters from the sea. 20° C water springs from two different fountains at 0,5
lt/s. The water is good for stomach and skin diseases.
Soğuksu Healing Water: Soğuksu Healing Water gives the area its name, which is annexed to
Baçecik. The water is known to be good for stomach diseases.

                                AGRICULTURE AND STOCKBREEDING

The province has 32.334 agricultural and stockbreeding households. Distributions of agribusiness
over types of activities are listed below.

%29 agricultural production
%4 stockbreeding
%67 both agricultural and stockbreeding
Total surface area of the province of Kocaeli is 3505,27 km2. The ratio of the area to the total surface
of Turkey is 0.43. Agricultural areas constitute 44,72 % of the total surface area, heathland and
forests constitute 39,42%, meadows cover 0,6 % and other lands constitute 8,6% of the surface.
Nationwide averages for this classification are % 34,42, % 26,42, % 26,16 and % 13 respectively.

Despite the surface area is less than 1% of Turkey, forests, heathland and agricultural areas are well
above the average in Turkey. Meadows are relatively rare. Wheat is the most common crop
harvested in Kocaeli. Grains have a significant majority of 87.43 % among the arable crops harvested.
There have been many developments in agriculture in recent years. Until 1999 wheat and barley
were the most common arable corps but with the initiative of the Ministry of Agriculture, these crops
have been replaced in 2000 with forage crops under the Development Project for Stockbreeding
effected by Private Provincial Administration. Now, 139.089 tons of forage crops are produced in
12.474 hectares of land.

According to 2004 statistics, total milk production of Kocaeli is 116.693 tons which represents 0,85 %
of the total national production. Of the national production, 0,53 % of the cattle, 0,20% of the ship,
0,17% of the goat are bred in Kocaeli. Per specie milk productivity is higher than the national

Bred bovine animals are generally cultured and since the majority is of hybrid species productivity is
high and can even double the national average if breeding conditions are improved and hybrid
species are cultured. By 2005, there are 16 diary processing facilities and the total of processed milk
is 17.800 tons.

Total Number of operational agribusiness: 33.951 by 2006
Distribution of activities:

29 % agricultural production
4% stockbreeding
67% both agricultural and breeding

Kullar Nursery Gardens, and the Garden of Directorate of Nursery Gardens annexed to Ministry of
Environment and Forestry, Garden of the Research Institute for Cottonwood and other Fast Growing
Trees and municipal nursery gardens are among the major public enterprises that contribute to
agricultural production in Kocaeli.

Within the province there are 42 agricultural disinfestations distributors. 160,76 tons of disinfectants
were used in 2004. This figure dropped to 134,92 tons by 2005.
                                    INDUSTRY AND TECHNOLOGY

Bay of İzmit is a natural harbor. It’s quite close to a huge trade center such as İstanbul and located at
the intersection of transit land roads. With state owned and private harbors it has an important place
in sea fright. Despite it’s the smallest province in the country with a surface area of 3505 km2, thanks
to its location, Kocaeli is one of the four great cities in Turkey as to its contribution to national
production. As one of the leading industrialized provinces, Kocaeli has 340 first class non-sanitary
enterprises, 2406 second class non-sanitary enterprises and 2910 third class non-sanitary

Distribution of industrial enterprises over the counties: 55% Gebze, 33% İzmit, 10% Körfez, 2%


Wastewaters, Treatment Systems, and Sewers

Körfez Wastewater Treatment Plant is one the five wastewater treatment facilities constructed
within the Project for the Purification of İzmit Bay from Wastes, Pollutants & Contaminants. The
facility is planned in two different phases; the first designed to meet the expected requirements as of
2010, the second as of 2030. The construction which was started on 09/10/1999 has been
completed on 09/10/2002 and the water treatment plant is operational since July 2004. The final
acceptance shall be made in November 2005. The wastewater treated at the facility is the outage of
the settlements from and around Derince and the Körfez (Bay) counties.

Kullar Wastewater Treatment Plant is one the five wastewater treatment facilities constructed within
the Project for the Purification of İzmit Bay from Wastes, Pollutants & Contaminants. The facility is
planned in two different phases; the first is designed to meet the expected requirements as of 2010,
the second as of 2030. The construction which was started on 27/03/2000 has been completed on
12/03/2003 and the water treatment plant is operational since July 2003. The final acceptance was
made on 08/04/2005. The wastewater treated at the facility is the outage of the settlements named
Kullar, Köseköy, Yuvacık, Arslanbey, Suadiye, Alikahya, Uzunçiftlik, Hikmetiye as well as the
settlements in the east of İzmit.

Gölcük Wastewater Treatment Plant is one the five wastewater treatment facilities constructed
within the Project for the Purification of İzmit Bay from Wastes, Pollutants & Contaminants. The
facility is planned in two different phases; the first is designed to meet the expected requirements as
of 2010, the second as of 2030. The construction which was started on 23/08/2001 has been
completed on 09/10/2002 and the water treatment plant is operational since October 2004. The
temporary acceptance was made on 01/06/2005 The wastewater treated at the facility is the outage
of the settlements named Bahçecik, Yeniköy, İhsaniye, Gölcük and Değirmendere.

Karamürsel Wastewater Treatment Plant is one the five wastewater treatment facilities constructed
within the Project for the Purification of İzmit Bay from Wastes, Pollutants & Contaminants. The
facility is planned in two different phases; the first is designed to meet the expected requirements as
of 2010, the second as of 2030. The construction which was started on 09/10/1999 has been
completed on 11/09/2002 and the water treatment plant is operational since September 2004. The
temporary acceptance was made on 24-25/02/2005.
Altınova Wastewater Treatment Plant is one the five wastewater treatment facilities constructed
within the Project for the Purification of İzmit Bay from Wastes, Pollutants & Contaminants. The
facility is planned in two different phases; the first is designed to meet the expected requirements as
of 2010, the second as of 2030. The construction which was started on 12/09/2001 has been
completed on 19/10/2002 and the water treatment plant is operational since July 2005. The
wastewater treated at the facility is the outage of the settlements named Tavşanlı, Altınova and

42 Evler Wastewater Treatment Plant is one of the 3 facilities constructed with the Project for
Peripheral integration of İzmit. The facility is planned in one singe phase. The construction which was
started on 29/01/1993 and the water treatment plant is operational since July 2005.

Seka Wastewater Treatment Plant has been commissioned in 1990 for the purification of the
wastewaters of paper and celluloid factories. As the SEKA İzmit administration was closed, the plant
has been run by general directorate of ISU since July 2005. Construction was started in 1988 and
completed on 1990.

The facility was planned in three different phases; the first is designed to meet the expected
requirements as of 1995, the second as of 2005 and the third 2020. The facility was completed in
1993 and as the collector connection was renewed the system was commissioned in 1998. Damages
were repaired after the 1999 earthquake and the system commissioned again in 2001.

Domestic solid wastes

The qualities and amount of domestic solid waste are closely related to urban specifications of cities,
economic and social factors effecting people’s lives, climate, type of fuel used for heating and similar
factors. According to the studies on the decomposition of the solid wastes of İzmit, the calorific value
of the domestic solid waste varies between 950 kcal/kg to 1300 kcal/kg.

Medical Wastes

According to new practice in effect, waste of medical facilities with hospitalization capacities are
collected by the service teams of the Association of Environmental Protection and Public Works and
taken to İZAYDAŞ where they have a facility to neutralize medical waste with appropriate techniques.
Waste of medical facilities that do not have hospitalization capacity are collected by the municipality
and temporarily stored until removed by İZAYDAŞ teams.

The persons and establishments who produce solid waste are obliged to reduce the amount of solid
waste they produce with the selection of best technologies. In addition to this, they are obliged to
take part in the recycling programs and isolation of harmful substances in their solid wastes. It is the
liability of municipalities as well as the persons and establishments who are authorized by
municipalities to ascertain sanitary conditions and to observe the physical and psychological health
of the public which includes but not limited to prevention of air and water pollution (underground
and above-the-ground waters), prevention of noise, protection of vegetation and nature as well as
protection of animals, whereby fortifying the social order and environment in their undertakings of
solid wastes.

There are 45 municipalities within the provincial borders of Kocaeli. 30 of these municipalities
dispatch their domestic solid wastes to “Domestic Solid Waste Regular Storage Area” in conformance
with the technical conditions specified in “Integrated Environmental Project for İzmit” which has
been realized by the Greater Municipality of İzmit.

As the distance to the regular storage area of İZAYDAŞ (İzmit Waste Disposal and Recycle Inc.) is 65
km far, solid wastes of Gebze along with 6 annexed municipality and 15 village which collectively
shoulder a significant industrial load that amounts to 450 tons of daily solid waste and considering
economical outcomes of fright and possible effects on the traffic, a new project under the name
“Domestic and Domestic Equivalent Industrial Solid Waste Regular Storage Facility” covering Gebze
region has been started with the support of Governorship of Kocaeli in association with
Environmental Protection and Public Works.

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