Geology 12 Sedimentary and Metamorphic Rocks Quiz 6-4 by fbw14149

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									Geology 12 Sedimentary and Metamorphic Rocks Quiz 6-4

Use the Bowen’s Reaction Series .

1. SEDIMENT FORMATION U 14




A sedimentary rock has formed at X as a result of the sequence of events shown
above.
This rock would most likely be
   A. chert.
   B. shale.
   C. siltstone.
   D. rock salt.

2. SEDIMENT FORMATION U 15
Use the following diagram of a river and a waterfall to answer this question.




A sample of sediments taken beneath location X in the diagram above would
most likely
look like
3. SEDIMENT FORMATION U 16
A sediment that has been transformed into sedimentary rock has been
   A. lithified
   B. consolidated
   C. compacted
   D. permeable

4. SEDIMENT FORMATION U 18
Mud cracks would be most likely to develop in
   A. beach sands
   B. limestone beds
   C. clay sediments in a tidal flat
   D. evaporite deposits

5. SEDIMENT FORMATION U 19
As clastic sediments are transported by a stream farther from their source,
   A. grain size increases
   B. grains become more angular due to breakup
   C. the more easily weathered minerals tend to be broken down
   D. all of the above

6. SEDIMENT FORMATION U 20
Compaction of a sediment leads to
   A. an increase in permeability
   B. a decrease in porosity
   C. a decrease in grain size
   D. all of the above

7. SEDIMENT FORMATION U 22
All of the following are involved in the process of converting sediments into
sedimentary rock except
    A. burial.
    B. melting.
    C. compaction.
    D. cementation.

8. SEDIMENTARY TYPE H 4
If granite outcrop was weathered and eroded, which pair of rock types would
most likely be formed from the sediment from this outcrop?
    A. Quartzite and sandstone
    B. Limestone and shale
    C. Shale and sandstone
    D. Quartzite and limestone

9. SEDIMENTARY TYPE K 1
Sediments composed of broken-up fragments of preexisting rocks and minerals
are termed
   A. chemical
   B. clastic
   C. carbonate
   D. lithified

10. SEDIMENTARY TYPE K 4
Which of the following is a sedimentary rock formed by the lithification of silt and
clay?
   A. shale
   B. breccia
   C. sandstone
   D. conglomerate

11. SEDIMENTARY TYPE K 5
Clastic sediments are classified and named primarily on the basis of
   A. particle size
   B. chemical composition
   C. extent of lithification
   D. type of source material

12. SEDIMENTARY TYPE K 6




Use the photograph to answer this question.
The man-made "rock" specimen in the photograph is most similar to
   A. porphyry.
   B. limestone.
   C. conglomerate.
   D. vesicular basalt.

13. SEDIMENTARY TYPE K 7
Which of the following is composed of the finest-grained material?
   A. sandstone
   B. conglomerate
   C. shale
   D. breccia
14. SEDIMENTARY TYPE K 8
Sorting is a measure of
   A. the range of grain sizes present in a sediment
   B. the range of mineral composition present in a sediment
   C. the minimum grain size present in a sediment
   D. the abundance of coarse fragments in a conglomerate

15. SEDIMENTARY TYPE K 10
Small, rounded grains composed of calcite are most often found in
   A. sandstone.
   B. limestone.
   C. shale.
   D. mudstone.


Answers
1d
2a
3a
4c
5c
6b
7b
8c
9b
10a
11a
12c
13c
14a
15b

								
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