Economic Reform, Spatial Poverty and the Irony of Conflict

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Economic Reform, Spatial Poverty and the Irony of Conflict Powered By Docstoc
					Liberalization or Liberation?
Economic Reform, Spatial Poverty and the
   Irony of Conflict in Ghana’s Northern
                  Region
1.   Spatial poverty traps and regional inequality may generate
     violent conflicts. However, pathways out of chronic poverty
     also generate conflict.

2.   That there can be benefits to political and economic
     marginality in the context of rapid social change. That is
     there are benefits to societal adaptive failure.

3.   Pathways out of Spatial Poverty traps can be distinct for
     different ethnic groups who occupy the same geographical
     space. This may require a more flexible toolkit for economic
     policy making and “Poverty Reduction Strategies”.
                                                            North - National Sectoral Comparison of Employment in Ghana
                                                80



                                                70



                                                60
S h a re o f E m p lo y e d P o p u la t io n




                                                50


                                                                                                                                                                        National
                                                40
                                                                                                                                                                        North


                                                30



                                                20



                                                10



                                                0
                                                     Agr.     Min/Quar   Manfctr.   Constr.             w h/rt. Trd.   Hotl/Rest   Tran/ Strg/Comnctn   Fincl intermd
                                                                                              SectorS
District Map Of Northern Ghana (With Distr. Capitals)
Konkomba Chief of Bincheratanga
                        Food production Estimates for Northern Ghana
              1400000



              1200000



              1000000
                                                                                                   1986
                                                                                                   1987
               800000                                                                              1988
Metric Tons




                                                                                                   1989
                                                                                                   1990
               600000                                                                              1991
                                                                                                   1992
                                                                                                   1993
               400000



               200000



                   0
                         Maize   Rice   Cassava   Millet           G/Corn   Yam   G/nuts   Beans
                                                           Crops
Bimbilla-Wulensi Principal Road
     Benefits of Adaptive failure
1. Location

2. Orientation

3. Livelihood Strategies-Market versus State
    How Poverty Reduction Generated Conflict

1. Generated Dissonance in Ranked System
2. Created movements towards areas with
   amenities/ Rising Commercial Value of Land
   in More Densely Populated Regions
3. Increased Commercial value of farming Land
4. Created issue for requirement of security of
   Tenure