Liberalization or Liberation?
Economic Reform, Spatial Poverty and the
Irony of Conflict in Ghana’s Northern
1. Spatial poverty traps and regional inequality may generate
violent conflicts. However, pathways out of chronic poverty
also generate conflict.
2. That there can be benefits to political and economic
marginality in the context of rapid social change. That is
there are benefits to societal adaptive failure.
3. Pathways out of Spatial Poverty traps can be distinct for
different ethnic groups who occupy the same geographical
space. This may require a more flexible toolkit for economic
policy making and “Poverty Reduction Strategies”.
North - National Sectoral Comparison of Employment in Ghana
S h a re o f E m p lo y e d P o p u la t io n
Agr. Min/Quar Manfctr. Constr. w h/rt. Trd. Hotl/Rest Tran/ Strg/Comnctn Fincl intermd
District Map Of Northern Ghana (With Distr. Capitals)
Konkomba Chief of Bincheratanga
Food production Estimates for Northern Ghana
Maize Rice Cassava Millet G/Corn Yam G/nuts Beans
Bimbilla-Wulensi Principal Road
Benefits of Adaptive failure
3. Livelihood Strategies-Market versus State
How Poverty Reduction Generated Conflict
1. Generated Dissonance in Ranked System
2. Created movements towards areas with
amenities/ Rising Commercial Value of Land
in More Densely Populated Regions
3. Increased Commercial value of farming Land
4. Created issue for requirement of security of