Final Exam Study Guide / Design Foundations / Mr. Pettit
1. Contrast - sharp differences, in lines, colors, shape or textures.
2. Unity - when all the parts of a composition fit together as a whole.
3. Emphasis - the focal point of piece of artwork.
4. Variety - different lines, colors, shapes, textures, etc.
5. Rhythm/Movement - the illusion of motion; repetition of elements that
allows the eye to move throughout the composition.
6. Repetition - Use of elements more than once.
7. Proportion - The use of different sizes and/or amounts.
8. Shape - 2 dimensional and encloses an area.
9. Form - 3 dimensional and encloses volume.
10. Line - used to separate forms and spaces. It is also used to show emotion and
11. Color has 3 characteristics: hue (the name), value (lightness or darkness)
and intensity (saturation or brightness/dullness).
12. Texture - the surface quality, either visual or tactile.
13. Space – Three dimensional quality that is created by overlapping or using
smaller objects in the background and larger objects in the fore ground.
The Primary colors - red, blue, yellow
The Secondary colors- orange, violet, green
The Tertiary colors – yellow-green, yellow-orange, blue-green, blue-violet, red-
A shade is created by adding black to a color
A tint is created by adding white to a color
You should also be able to:
1. Make a value scale.
2. Draw a portrait (either front or side view) using all guidelines (line of symmetry,
eye line, nose/ear line) and label them.
3. Draw something in 1 point perspective, below or above the eye line; include
windows on all visible surfaces. Label the eye line and the vanishing point.
5. Draw an organic shape and a geometric shape and give 2 examples of each.
Bearden lived from 1911 – 1988
Bearden was born in North Carolina and moved to Harlem, NYC at the age of 3
with his mother.
His mother became the editor of a newspaper.
Bearden attended Boston University and New York University.
While attending Boston University, the Philadelphia Athletics asked him to join
their team if he would pretend to be a white man.
Bearden joined the army during WWII.
Bearden wrote songs that were recorded by Billie Holliday and Louis Armstrong.
Bearden created his first collage during the Civil Rights Movement.
The Harlem Renaissance took place in Harlem, NYC during the 1920- 1930’s.
The Harlem Renaissance was a cultural movement that centered on celebrating
Paternalism is the act of acting like a father figure.
The Civil Rights Movement took place during the 1960’s.
During the Civil Rights Movement, African-Americans asserted their beliefs and
desires primarily through marches and sit ins.
Distortion - The act of changing shape.
Overlap - To place one object over another.
Juxtaposition - The act of placing different objects side by side.
Mood - A particular state of mind or feeling.
Viewpoint - The mental or physical position from which things are viewed and