USH II SPRING FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE e) winning the right to abortions.
1) Theodore Roosevelt’s all volunteer troops were known as 9) By the end of the 1800s, the governmental policy toward
a) The Rough Riders Native Americans appeared to be one of
b) Roosevelt’s Rangers a) Assimilation into white society
c) The Lincoln Brigade b) Extinction of Native American culture
d) Cubre Libre c) Cultural acceptance
e) McKinley’s Men d) Segregation
e) Complete subjugation
2) The US entered World War II after
a) Germany invaded the Soviet Union 10) How was the United States a contributor to the Cuban
b) Mussolini attacked Ethiopia Revolution?
c) Hitler became Chancellor of Germany a) It allowed Mexico to annex Cuba
d) Pearl harbor was attacked b) It tried to arrange a diplomatic solution to end the
e) The Japanese took over the Philippines rebellion
c) It settled the colonial border dispute on Cuba between
3) “D-day,” the Allied invasion of France, was known as France and Spain
Operation d) It lowered the tariff on sugar imports to allow more
a) Overlord economic growth in Cuba
b) Retaliation e) None of these
d) Liberation 11) The majority of reform movements were centered in
e) Normandy a) The South
4) The “Open Door” referred to America’s interest in c) Urban areas
a) The Philippines d) New York
b) Japan e) The Midwest
d) China 12) The Fourteen Points included all of the following except
e) Both B and D a) freedom of the seas.
b) national self-determination.
5) The phrase “hundred days” refers to c) an association of nations to keep the peace.
a) The worst weeks of the Great Depression d) disarmament.
b) The first months of Franklin Roosevelt’s presidency e) All of these were among Wilson's Fourteen Points.
c) The time it took for Congress to begin acting on
President Roosevelt’s plans for combating the Great 13) One of Wilson's major goals at Paris was to
Depression a) found a League of Nations to enforce peace.
d) The “lame-duck” period between Franklin Roosevelt’s b) punish Germany for starting the war.
election and his inauguration c) gain repayment for the British and French for their
6) If Mexico supported Germany in World War I, read the d) bring the Russians to the peace table.
Zimmerman Telegram, e) be sure that decisions were made fairly.
a) Germany would provide Mexico with the needed
equipment to drill for oil in their country. 14) The Taft Hartley Act
b) Germany would help Mexico get back Arizona, New a) gave the president authority to impose a "cooling off"
Mexico and Texas. period in vital industries to prevent strikes.
c) Germany would not sink Mexican ships in the Atlantic. b) outlawed the closed shop, which barred unions in the
d) Germany would help Mexico win control of the workplace.
Panama Canal. c) encouraged states to fight "right to work" laws.
e) Germany would recognize Villa as the president of d) both gave the president authority to impose a "cooling
Mexico. off" period in vital industries to prevent strikes and
outlawed the closed shop, which barred unions in the
7) The American Expeditionary Force in World War I was led workplace.
by e) both gave the president authority to impose a "cooling
a) Dwight Eisenhower. off" period in vital industries to prevent strikes and
b) Winfield Scott Hancock. encouraged states to fight "right to work" laws.
c) John J. Pershing.
d) Woodrow Wilson. 15) Put the following event in the order in which they occurred:
e) Douglas MacArthur. (A) Invasion of Ethiopia by Italy (B) England declared war
on Germany (C) the US re-took the Philippines (D) the US
8) The most important achievement for women during World fleet was nearly destroyed in Hawaii (E) Allied troops
War I was invaded North Africa
a) recognition for their efforts in the military. a) A, D, E, B, C
b) winning the right of suffrage. b) A, B, D, E, C
c) better paying jobs that lasted once the war ended. c) D, B, E, A, C
d) a growing acceptance in the professional fields. d) B, D, A, C, E
e) B, A, D, C, E c) Woodrow Wilson
d) Oliver Wendell Holmes
16) The invasion of France (to open a second front in Europe) e) Hazen Pingree
was commanded by General
a) George Patton 24) A Tennessean newspaper columnist called this act “the most
b) Dwight Eisenhower damnable outrage that has ever been perpetrated by any
c) Douglas MacArthur citizen of the United States”
d) Bernard Montgomery a) The Anthracite Coal Strike
b) Booker T. Washington dining with Theodore Roosevelt
17) Who "broke the color line" in major league baseball? c) Theodore Roosevelt’s decision to bust trusts
a) Satchel Paige d) Theodore Roosevelt’s appointment of the first woman
b) Jackie Robinson to the Supreme Court
c) Josh Gibson e) Theodore Roosevelt’s illegal purchase of the Panama
d) Hank Aaron Canal
e) Shoeless Joe Jackson
25) This allowed voters the right to propose laws through an
18) Douglas MacArthur was relieved of his command in Korea election
because of a) Referendum
a) insubordination to the president. b) Initiative
b) military incompetence. c) Recall
c) excessive caution. d) Primary
d) treason. e) Caucus
e) Truman's jealousy over MacArthur's popularity.
26) Henry Ford’s most popular automobile was the
19) This organization was created in 1949. It promised to a) Model A
support its fellow members in case of Soviet attack. b) Model C
a) UN c) Model O
b) NATO d) Model R
c) SEATO e) Model T
e) Warsaw Pact 27) The leader in mail-order marketing in the early 1900s was
a) Montgomery Ward
20) In its decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, b) J. C. Penney
the Supreme Court c) Sears, Roebuck and Co.
a) refused to rule on the question of segregation. d) The Vermont Stove Company
b) declared separate educational facilities to be inherently e) None of these
c) continued to support the doctrine of separate but equal. 28) In the landmark 1896 case of Plessey v. Ferguson, the
d) ruled that the NAACP's case had no merit. Supreme Court
e) said that segregation should end "with all deliberate a) Struck down the Sherman Anti-trust Act
speed." b) Upheld segregation
c) Banned strikes involving interstate commerce
21) The South responded to court-ordered desegregation d) Declared the all-white primary illegal
a) with massive resistance at all levels. e) Banned segregation in interstate travel
b) by moving immediately to end discrimination in
schools. 29) The key to Henry Ford’s success in the automobile industry
c) with grudging acceptance of the decisions. was
d) by closing all of its schools. a) Union support for his efforts
e) by filing an immediate appeal. b) His new methods of financial accounting
c) His formation of a holding company
22) The Federal Highway Act of 1956 d) His use of mass production techniques
a) initiated the construction of 40,000 miles of interstate e) His concern for his workers
roads over a decade.
b) was passed, in part, because Eisenhower wanted to be 30) In this, the Supreme Court ruled that the Philippines and
able to evacuate the nation's cities rapidly in case of a Puerto Rico were possessions of the US
nuclear attack. a) Plessey v. Ferguson
c) led to improvements in many seemingly unrelated areas b) Westwood v. Texas
of the economy. c) The Insular Cases
d) was financed with $25 billion in new taxes on cars, d) In re Debs
trucks, and gasoline. e) The Dred Scott decision
e) all of these
31) Dr. Benjamin Spock's writing provided American women
23) Because of his adventures in the Spanish American War, he with information on
was elected governor of New York a) birth control.
a) Theodore Roosevelt b) child care.
b) Eugene V. Debs c) sex.
d) working outside the home. c) married women in sitcoms who did not work outside
e) all of the above the home.
d) single women in sitcoms who rarely took their job
32) This company became the first billion dollar company in the seriously and spent most of their time looking for
a) US Steel e) well-adjusted, witty children.
c) Standard Oil 39) A series of neutrality acts passed by Congress in the 1930s
d) Thompson Steel Works accomplished all of the following EXCEPT the
e) Morgan Bank and Trust a) Prohibition of arms shipments to belligerents
b) Elimination of loans to belligerents
33) Because of his role in the Northern Securities case, the c) Establishment of the principle of cash and carry for
American public began to see Theodore Roosevelt as a warring nations
a) Muckraker d) Establishment of a military draft
b) Democrat e) Prevention of Americans from travelling on the ships of
c) Populist belligerent nations
e) None of these 40) The “brain trust” was
a) A special savings account people could put money into
34) Theodore Roosevelt became president when that was guaranteed by the government
a) William McKinley was defeated in the election of 1900 b) The nickname for the first Congress of FRD’s
b) Grover Cleveland was impeached and removed from presidency
office due to his role in launching the Spanish c) The nickname for FDR’s advisors
American War d) A law passed by Congress limiting the power of unions
c) William McKinley was assassinated
d) He rode a tide of popular support due to his actions in 41) World War II “officially” began when Hitler’s armies
the Spanish American War and at the Battle of San invaded ____, causing Britain and France to declare war.
Juan Hill a) Poland
e) William McKinley resigned the presidency due to his b) Czechoslovakia
role in the Teapot Dome Scandal c) Austria
35) Which of the following was true of the coal strike of 1902?
a) Roosevelt hesitated to intervene, preferring to let the 42) The Marshall Plan proposed
two sides settle the issue on their own a) the rearming of Germany.
b) The strike lasted through the bitterly cold winter of b) a massive military buildup in Europe.
1902 c) a series of Western military alliances.
c) Under threat of military intervention, the two sides d) the infusion of massive amounts of American capital
agreed to a pay increase but no union recognition into Western Europe.
d) Management at the Pennsylvania mines had defeated a e) both b and d
strike in 1900 and were determined to do so again
e) Both B and C 43) The policy to "support free peoples who are resisting
attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside
36) The very first thing that President Roosevelt did when he pressures is known" as the
reached the White House was a) Truman Doctrine
a) Dance at the inauguration ball b) Roosevelt Corollary
b) Declare a banking holiday c) The Marshall Plan
c) Encourage Congress to pass the 20th Amendment d) The Domino Theory
d) Establish the Social Security Administration e) The Monroe Doctrine
37) The Montgomery Bus Boycott succeeded because 44) Japanese-Americans were placed in concentration camps
a) the federal courts struck down Alabama's law requiring during WWII
racial segregation in public transportation. a) Due to numerous acts of sabotage
b) the city bus companies were almost bankrupted. b) In retaliation for Americans placed in concentration
c) downtown merchants were badly hurt by the loss of camps by the Japanese
black business. c) As a result of anti-Japanese prejudice and fear
d) Montgomery blacks were determined not to let the d) All of the above
boycott fall apart.
e) all of these 45) The first naval battle in history where all the fighting was
done by carrier-based aircraft was the Battle of
38) The society portrayed in early television had all of the a) Leyte Gulf
following characteristics EXCEPT b) Iwo Jima
a) a portrayal of Americans openly worrying about money c) Midway
as they tried to acquire the consumer goods that the d) Coral Sea
advertisers wanted them to buy.
b) a mother who was always a housewife and a dad who 46) Germany tried to make one last attempt to defeat the Allies
held a pressure-free white-collar job. in December 1944 at what battle?
b) Hamburg 54) “You shall not press down upon the brow of labor this
c) Britain crown of thorns; you shall not crucify mankind upon a cross
d) Yalta of gold.” Who spoke these words?
e) Bulge a) William McKinley
b) William Jennings Bryan
47) This militant African American leader believed that c) William F. Buckley
segregation should not be tolerated but confronted. d) William Seward
a) W.E.B. DuBois e) William Howard Taft
b) Booker T. Washington
c) Martin Luther King, Jr. 55) The “destroyers-for-bases” deal of 1940 provided that
d) Marcus Garvey a) The US would give Britain fifty American destroyers in
e) William T. Patterson exchange for eight British bases
b) The US would give Britain bases in North American in
48) The League of Nations was replaced by what worldwide exchange for fifty British destroyers
organization after WWII c) If America entered the war it would receive eight
a) NATO destroyer bases in Britain
b) Common Market d) The British would transfer captured French destroyers
c) United Nations to the US in exchange for the use of US bases in the
d) UNESCO Far East.
56) What American naval strength, present at the initial
49) When Governor Faubus called out the Arkansas Guard to Japanese attack in Hawaii, did the Japanese miss entirely?
keep black students from entering Little Rock's Central High
School, a) Battleships
a) the Guard stood by as angry whites beat the students b) Aircraft
and their supporters. c) Carriers
b) Eisenhower considered sending army paratroopers to d) Oil storage tanks
diffuse the situation, but eventually decided against that e) Support ships
c) Eisenhower nationalized the Guard and ordered them to 57) The USS Maine
protect the students as they entered the school. a) Was hijacked by Cuban terrorists in Havana and used
d) Faubus stood on the steps of the school and defied all to start the Spanish American War
of the troops, and Eisenhower backed down b) Fired on Columbian troops as they tried to put down
temporarily. the Panamanian Revolution
e) Governor George Wallace of Alabama sent his fellow c) Was sunk by a Spanish submarine after the Spanish
governor a telegram of support. American War had concluded
d) Exploded outside of Havana
50) The name of the first manmade satellite was e) Was sent to the Philippines in an effort to cool the
a) Sputnik revolutionary spirit embodied by the citizens
c) Pioneer 58) Roosevelt’s plan to treat labor and capital on an equal basis
d) Misha was known as
e) Explorer a) The New Deal
b) The Fair Deal
51) The Roosevelt Corollary was an extension of the c) Trustbusting
a) Lodge Corollary d) The Square Deal
b) Monroe Doctrine e) “talking softly and carrying a big stick”
c) Open Door Policy
d) Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty 59) Which of the following was not true of the Pullman Strike?
e) Adams Doctrine a) Eugene V. Debs was jailed for violating a court
52) The document that stated that the US had no desire to annex b) The Pullman Strike evolved into a national strike that
or control Cuba was the stalled the nation's commerce on twenty railroads
a) Onley Corollary c) The strike was broken by a federal injunction barring
b) Roosevelt Corollary strikers from blocking interstate commerce
c) McKinley Doctrine d) In the end, formerly divided Democrats became solidly
d) Monroe Amendment united in opposition to their own president.
e) Teller Amendment e) All of these were true of the Pullman Strike
53) General Valeriano Weyler of Cuba was also known as 60) In the early 1900s, white southerners effectively negated the
a) Old Fuss and Feathers effects of black votes on local and state races though
b) Old Rough and Ready a) The white primary
c) The Rough Rider b) The use of poll taxes
d) Yankee Doodle Dandy c) Intimidation
e) The Butcher d) The grandfather clause
e) Literacy tests
68) What was the name of the economic plan that was designed
61) The Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty to help rebuild Western Europe after WWII?
a) Gave Columbia’s permission for the building of the a) Truman Doctrine
Panama Canal b) Great Society
b) Gave the US control of the Panama Canal Zone c) Marshall Plan
c) Transferred rights to the Panama Canal from France to d) Point Four Program
the US e) Berlin Airlift
d) Ended hostilities with Mexico in 1914
e) Both B and D 69) In which UN body are all nations represented
a) Security Council
62) When Jacob Coxey and his "army" of unemployed reached b) International Court of Justice
Washington in the spring of 1894, President Cleveland c) General Assembly
a) agreed to put them to work building roads. d) Economic and Social Council
b) provided food for the men but then sent them home e) Military Tribunal
c) refused to speak with the group, labeling them
“rabble.” 70) Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka was a Supreme
d) allowed police to beat and arrest Coxey Court Decision that
e) none of these a) Was a forerunner of the Kansas-Nebraska Act
b) Established free public colleges in the United States
63) This allowed voters the right to vote an official out of office c) Established free public elementary and secondary
before their term expired schools in the United States
a) Caucus d) Provided for federal support of parochial schools
b) Initiative e) Declared racially segregated public schools inherently
c) Primary unequal
e) Referendum 71) Wisconsin Senator who generated Communist hysteria
during the 1950s
64) This system allowed all voters to choose candidates for their a) Robert LaFollette
political parties b) Mitchell Palmer
a) Caucus c) Henry Cabot Lodge
b) Initiative d) Joseph McCarthy
c) Primary e) Richard Nixon
e) Referendum 72) Which presidential candidate of 1968 was assassinated
during the campaign?
65) This type of plane was made for high altitude flights over a) Richard Nixon
Russia to take pictures of missile installations. b) Robert Kennedy
a) U-2 c) Martin Luther King, Jr.
b) A6 d) Eugene McCarthy
c) F101 e) George Wallace
e) A7 73) Who succeeded JFK after his assassination in Dallas in 1963
a) Jackie Kennedy
66) Which of the following best describes the election of 1960? b) Robert Kennedy
a) Richard Nixon received the Republican nomination on c) Lyndon Johnson
the first ballot, and John Kennedy won the Democratic d) Robert McNamara
nomination after numerous ballots. e) Richard Nixon
b) Kennedy offended southerners when he refused to
accept Johnson as his vice presidential running mate 74) Our foreign policy, following WWI, can best be described
until he was forced to do so by the convention. by what term?
c) Kennedy met the issue of his Catholicism head on, a) Domino Theory
vowing to preserve separation of church and state. b) Active Defense
d) In a series of television debates, Nixon showed that he c) Containment
was not the inexperienced politician that the Democrats d) New Frontier
had claimed. e) Triad System
e) As the campaigns kicked off, it appeared that Nixon
would handily defeat Kennedy. 75) The liberal chief justice who had a major effect on American
society during the 50s and 60s with his Supreme Court
67) The British Prime Minister who coined the term “Iron decisions on issues that included desegregation was
Curtain” was a) Earl Warren
a) Homer Simpson b) John Marshall
b) Lord Baltimore c) Oliver Wendell Holmes
c) Winston Churchill d) Charles Evans Hughes
d) Neville Chamberlin e) Clarence Darrow
e) David Lloyd George
76) The secret program to develop the atomic bomb was called c) Hitler became Chancellor of Germany
a) Einstein Project d) Pearl harbor was attacked
b) Operation Overload e) The Japanese took over the Philippines
c) Manhattan Project
d) Gemini Program 85) "D-day," the Allied invasion of France, was known as
e) Apollo Program Operation
77) Putting an act of legislation on the ballot by gathering b) Retaliation
signatures on a petition is called c) Freedom
a) referendum d) Liberation
b) expropriation e) Normandy
d) appeasement 86) What American naval strength, present at the initial
e) recall Japanese attack in Hawaii, did the Japanese miss entirely?
78) The first spacecraft ever successfully launched into space b) Aircraft
was known as c) Carriers
a) Perestroika d) Oil storage tanks
b) Bolshevik e) Support ships
d) Glasnost 87) The invasion of France in 1944 took place at ALL of the
e) None of these following beaches EXCEPT
79) Who became the first man to walk on the moon b) Iowa
a) Neil Armstrong c) Sword
b) Yuri Gregarin d) Gold
c) Joseph Sputnik e) Juno
d) Alan Shepard
e) Michael Jackson 88) He was the creator of the vaccine that effectively eliminated
the polio virus in the United States
80) Which was NOT a provision of the Social Security Act a) Dr. Jonas Salk
a) lower interest rates on loans to senior citizens b) Dr. Benjamin Spock
b) unemployment insurance c) Dr. C. Everett Coop
c) established a pension system d) Dr. Antonia Wyler
d) created aid to the handicapped
89) Of the following battleships attacked at Pearl Harbor, which
81) Farmers who did not own the land they worked and were not returned to service before the end of the war
paid wages but instead received a portion of the harvest a) West Virginia
were known as b) Oklahoma
a) Tenant farmers c) Utah
b) Squatters d) Arizona
d) Marginal producers 90) Women who worked in industrial jobs during the war were
e) None of these nicknamed
a) Ida the industrialist
82) World War II "officially" began when Hitler's armies b) Sarah the steelworker
invaded _____ causing Britain and France to declare war. c) Rosie the riveter
a) Poland d) Carol the consumer
b) Czechoslovakia e) Ruby the riveter
d) Belgium 91) The US held a huge advantage against the Japanese at this
battle because we had just broken Japanese Naval Code and
83) The "destroyers-for-bases" deal (1940) provided that knew where the Japanese fleet would be
a) The US would give Britain fifty American destroyers in a) Coral Sea
exchange for eight bases in the Western Hemisphere b) Midway
b) The US would give Britain bases in North American in c) Guadalcanal
exchange for fifty British destroyers d) Leyte Gulf
c) If America entered the war it would receive eight
destroyer bases in Britain 92) This American General promised to return to the Philippines
d) The British would transfer captured French destroyers after being driven out by the Japanese (and did)
to the US in exchange for the use of US bases in the a) Dwight Eisenhower
Far East. b) George Patton
c) Douglas MacArthur
84) The US entered World War II after d) Enrico Fermi
a) Germany invaded the Soviet Union
b) Mussolini attacked Ethiopia 93) In what American city was JFK assassinated in?
a) Chicago, Illinois e) Medical Security
b) Los Angeles, California
c) Dallas, Texas 102) The Korean War broke out in 1950 when
d) Washington, DC a) Chinese Communists invaded Korea
e) Austin, Texas b) The Soviet Union invaded South Korea
c) South Korea invaded North Korea
94) The liberal chief justice who had a major effect on American d) North Korea invaded South Korea
society during the 50s and 60s with his Supreme Court
decisions was 103) The crusade of Senator Joseph McCarthy was primarily
a) Earl Warren directed against
b) John Marshall a) The Soviet Union
c) Oliver Wendell Holmes b) Potential Communist takeovers of Western Europe
d) Charles Evans Hughes c) Alleged American Communist influence inside the
e) Clarence Darrow United States
d) Alleged Soviet spies inside the United States
95) Which of these events was not part of the Civil Rights
Movement in the 1960s? 104) Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka was a Supreme
a) March on Washington Court decision that
b) Montgomery Bus Boycott a) Was a forerunner of the Kansas-Nebraska Act
c) Birmingham Riots b) Established free public colleges in the United States
d) Selma to Montgomery March c) Established free public elementary and secondary
schools in the United States
96) Martin Luther King, Jr. was killed while he was supported d) Provided for federal support of parochial schools
striking workers in e) Declared racially segregated public schools inherently
a) Selma, Alabama unequal
b) Montgomery, Alabama
c) Memphis, Tennessee 105) "You shall not press down upon the brow of labor this
d) Jackson, Mississippi crown of thorns; you shall not crucify mankind upon a cross
e) Knoxville, Tennessee of gold." Who spoke these words?
a) William McKinley
97) The March on Washington was a march in support of b) William Jennings Bryan
a) The Voting Rights Act c) William F. Buckley
b) The Civil Rights Act d) William Seward
c) The 24th Amendment e) William Howard Taft
d) LBJ's election campaign in 1964
e) None of the above 106) In the landmark 1896 case of Plessy v. Ferguson, the
98) The name for Lyndon Johnson's domestic program was a) struck down the Sherman Anti-Trust Act.
a) New Frontier b) upheld segregation.
b) Fair Deal c) banned strikes involving interstate commerce.
c) Great Society d) declared the all-white primary illegal.
d) Dynamic Conservatism e) banned segregation in interstate travel
e) New Deal
107) By the end of the 1800s, the governmental policy toward
99) He coined the term "Iron Curtain" to refer to Soviet Native Americans appeared to be one of
controlled Eastern Europe a) Welcome assimilation into white society.
a) Harry Truman b) extinction of Native American culture.
b) Winston Churchill c) cultural acceptance.
c) Dwight Eisenhower d) segregation.
d) Douglas MacArthur e) complete subjugation.
100) When four unarmed students were shot and killed by Ohio 108) Which of the following was not a social change that took
National Guardsmen during an anti-war protest in 1970, it place in early twentieth-century America?
became known as a) Kindergartens became popular.
a) Operation Rolling Thunder b) Divorce became easier and more common for women.
b) Kent State Massacre c) Clothes for women became less confining.
c) TET Offensive d) Unions organized women aggressively, pushing hard
d) D-Day for equal pay.
e) Days of Rage e) Women had about half as many children as women in
101) The insurance program giving low-cost hospital insurance to
citizens over 65 and financed by increased taxes was 109) The key to Henry Ford's success in the automobile industry
a) Social Security was
b) Medicaid a) union support for his efforts.
c) Medicare b) his new methods of financial accounting.
d) Medical c) his formation of a holding company.
d) his use of mass production techniques. d) Recall
e) his concern for his workers. e) Referendum
110) Theodore Roosevelt became president when 117) These journalists investigated American life, seeking to
a) William McKinley was defeated in the election of expose corruption and questionable practices.
1900. a) muckrakers
b) Grover Cleveland was impeached and removed from b) yellow journalists
office due to his role in launching the Spanish c) sensationalists
American War. d) rationalists
c) McKinley was assassinated. e) Pulitzer reporters
d) he rode a tide of popular support due to his actions in
the Spanish American War and at the Battle of San 118) All of the following land was acquired by the US from the
Juan Hill. Spanish as a result of the Spanish-American War EXCEPT
e) McKinley resigned the presidency due to his role in the a) Philippines
Teapot Dome Scandal. b) Cuba
c) Puerto Rico
111) Which of the following was true of the coal strike of 1902? d) Guam
a) Roosevelt hesitated to intervene, preferring to let the e) Hawaii
two sides settle the issue on their own.
b) The strike lasted through the bitterly cold winter of 119) Upton Sinclair's __ described in graphic terms the filthy
1902. conditions in America's packing houses.
c) Under threat of military intervention, the two sides a) 1984
agreed to a pay increase but no union recognition. b) Looking Backward
d) Management at the Pennsylvania mines had defeated a c) Sister Carrie
strike in 1900 and were determined to do so again. d) The Jungle
e) BOTH B and C e) The Octopus
112) The "Open Door" referred to America's interest in 120) The Constitutional Amendment that limits the President of
a) the Philippines. the United States to serving two terms
b) Japan. a) 21st
c) Russia. b) 22nd
d) China. c) 23rd
e) both Japan and China. d) 24th
113) The U.S.S. Maine 121) The rebellion in China to drive out foreign occupiers was
a) Was hijacked by Cuban terrorists in Havana and used called the
to start the Spanish American War a) Boxer Rebellion
b) Fired on Columbian troops as they tried to put down b) Chinese National Rebellion
the Panamanian Revolution c) Chinese Rebellion
c) Was sunk by a Spanish submarine after the Spanish- d) Patriots Rebellion
American War had concluded
d) Exploded outside of Havana 122) The biggest scandal in the Harding administration involved
e) Was sent to the Philippines in an effort to cool the a) Reparations payments
revolutionary spirit embodied by the citizens b) Oil reserves
c) Water rights
114) Theodore Roosevelt's plan to treat capital and labor on an d) Ship building
equal basis was known as
a) the New Deal. 123) Which of the following was NOT a prominent writer in the
b) the Fair Deal. 1920s?
c) Trust-busting. a) F. Scott Fitzgerald
d) the Square Deal. b) Mark Twain
e) “talking softly and carrying a big stick” c) Ernest Hemmingway
d) William Faulkner
115) This allowed voters the right to vote an official out of office e) Eugene O'Neill
before their term was expired.
a) Caucus 124) The Constitutional Amendment that grants 18-year-olds the
b) Initiative right to vote is the
c) Primary a) 24th
d) Recall b) 25th
e) Referendum c) 26th
116) This system allowed all voters to choose the candidates for
their political parties. 125) Allowing people to not take a literacy test prior to voting if
a) Caucus their ancestors had been born before a specific date was
b) Initiative known as
c) Primary a) the grandfather clause.
b) the White Primary. c) Warsaw Pact
c) the White Literacy Test. d) Iron Curtain
d) White Flight. 133) The Bay of Pigs incident involved an attempted invasion of
e) the Jim Crow law. a) Korea
126) The "rediscovery of black folk culture" in the 1920s was c) Soviet Union
centered on what American city? d) Cuba
a) New Orleans e) Germany
c) Harlem 134) The Berlin Wall was built
d) Pittsburgh a) to fortify the city against attack
b) to keep East Germans from fleeing to the West
127) Who was the Attorney General who led the "Red Scare" c) to halt the flow of West German refugees into the East
during the 1920s d) to preserve the rights of all four occupation powers
a) Joseph McCarthy e) to keep Westerners out
b) William Goethals
c) Mitchell Palmer 135) Which famous Supreme Court decision struck down
d) Eugene Debs segregation in Southern schools
e) J. Edgar Hoover a) Plessy v. Ferguson
b) Brown v. Board of Education
128) The Teapot Dome scandal occurred during whose term c) Marbury v. Madison
a) Warren Harding d) Scopes v. Tennessee
b) Herbert Hoover
c) William Taft 136) Which amendment gave women the right to vote in America
d) Calvin Coolidge a) 17th
e) Woodrow Wilson b) 19th
129) This Constitutional Amendment prohibited the manufacture d) 21st
and sale of intoxicating beverages e) 20th
b) Eighteenth 137) The three major Axis powers during WWII were
c) Nineteenth a) Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
d) Twentieth b) Germany, Russia, Japan
c) Japan, Russia, Italy
130) Which of the following does not describe the woman d) Germany, Italy, Japan
suffrage movement? e) Germany, France, Japan
a) Alice Paul and others wanted to pursue more
aggressive tactics to win the vote for women. 138) The famous author who wrote The Jungle was
b) Women began to aim toward a constitutional a) Alfred Thayer Mahan
amendment to gain the vote, rather than working state b) Upton Sinclair
by state. c) AI Smith
c) The liquor industry supported women's right to vote, d) Betty Freidan
hoping to win more business from them. e) Tarzan
d) Suffragettes argued that their votes would offset votes
of urban immigrants and racial minorities. 139) Which of these was not a Muckraker in the Progressive Era?
e) Men feared that their dominant positions within their a) Upton Sinclair
families would be threatened if women could vote. b) ldaTarbell
c) William Randolph Hearst
131) In 1960, which of the following contributed the most d) Lincoln Steffens
directly to Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev's cancellation of e) Jacob Riis
a scheduled summit meeting with President Dwight
Eisenhower? 140) Which of the following writings (matched with its author)
a) The rise to power of Fidel Castro in Cuba did NOT lead to effective reform legislation
b) The failure, at the Bay of Pigs, of a US attempt to oust a) The Jungle - Upton Sinclair
Castro b) Unsafe at Any Speed - Ralph Nader
c) The sending of US troops to Lebanon c) Silent Spring - Rachael Carson
d) The downing of an American U-2 spy plane over the d) The Feminine Mystique - Betty Friedan
e) The success of the Soviet space program in launching 141) The assassination of this person triggered WWI
the Sputnik satellite a) Kaiser Wilhelm
b) Benito Mussolini
132) What was the defense agreement that the Soviets created in c) Czar Nicholas of Russia
1955 in response to the agreement crafted by European and d) Archduke Francis Ferdinand
North American powers?
a) NATO 142) The chief reason for building the Panama Canal was to
b) SEA TO a) force rail roads to reduce their rates
b) broaden our empire to include Latin America c) Secretary of Defense
c) increase the efficiency of our navy for defense purposes d) Speaker of the House
d) reduce the travel time between Europe and Asia for e) Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
e) lower summer vacation rates on cruise lines 152) Elected leaders putting an act of legislation on the ballot to
get final approval from the voting public is called
143) Which of these was not a cause of WWI a) expropriation
a) alliances b) initiative
b) worldwide economic depression c) referendum
c) Militarism d) appeasement
d) Communism e) recall
144) Which American general led a bombing raid on Japan in 153) What group of Americans objected to the US's growing
early 1942 empire?
a) General McAuliffe a) Anti-Expansionists
b) General Ridgeway b) Pacifists
c) Jimmy Doolittle c) Anti-Imperialists
d) Genera] McArthur d) Anti-Federalists
145) All of the following occurred in the aftermath of WWII 154) The Seventeenth Amendment provided for
EXCEPT? a) The assessment of income taxes
a) A baby boom b) Direct election of Senators
b) Growing influence of the sunbelt c) Women's suffrage
c) Growing fear of communism d) Prohibition
d) Growth of suburbia
e) Women flocking to work to replace men 155) The Nineteenth Amendment provided for
a) The assessment of income taxes
146) John D. Rockefeller cornered the market on what product? b) Direct election of Senators
a) Coal c) Women's suffrage
b) Cotton d) Prohibition
d) Tobacco 156) This Act of Congress prohibited the mislabeling of products
e) Oil involved in interstate commerce
a) Elkins Act
147) Who founded the American Federation of Labor b) Meat Inspection Act
a) Samuel Gompers c) Pure Food and Drug Act
b) Samuel Slater d) Clayton Anti-Trust Act
c) Andrew Carnegie
d) Richard Sears 157) Which of the following was the reason for the "Red Scare"
in the US?
148) Who said: "I am tired of fighting. Our chiefs are killed. ... a) Socialism
My heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands, I b) Democracy
will fight no more forever." c) Monarchism
a) Geronimo d) Communism
b) Sitting Bull
c) Crazy Horse 158) The Washington Conference resulted in ALL of the
d) Chief Joseph following treaties EXCEPT
a) Four Power Treaty
149) The Homestead Act granted b) Five Power Treaty
a) 160 acres of land at $ 1 an acre c) Nine Power Treaty
b) 160 acres of land free with no restrictions d) Kellogg-Briand Peace Pact
c) 20 acres of land for each member of a farmer's family
d) 160 acres of land for free if you worked it for five years 159) What was the first "talkie" motion picture
a) The Kiss
150) The African American leader who established the Tuskegee b) The Great Train Robbery
Institute to educate former slaves and their descendants was c) The Jazz Singer
a) George Washington Carver d) Wizard of Oz
b) WEB. Du Bois
c) Booker T. Washington 160) The "Scopes Monkey Trial" was about
d) Frederick Douglass a) Teaching evolution
b) Poor treatment of monkeys
151) Under the Presidential Succession Act of 1946, the person c) Teaching biology
next in line after the Vice-President is d) Illegal importation of monkeys
a) Secretary of State
b) President pro temp of the Senate
161) All of the following were causes of the stock market crash a) allowing blacks the same access to jobs as whites.
and ultimately the Great Depression EXCEPT b) working hard to continually become more productive.
a) Low farm prices brought on by overproduction c) controlling all aspects of an industry.
b) Wild speculation in the stock market d) building ever larger and taller buildings.
c) Too many people living above their means by buying e) BOTH B and C
too many things on credit
d) Interference in stock trading by communist infiltrators 170) The vast majority of which ONE of these states was set
e) The tremendously unequal distribution of income aside as reservations for Indians in 1875
between the rich and the poor a) Arizona
162) In order to stop Supreme Court interference with the New c) Oklahoma
Deal, FDR suggested d) Kansas
a) an increase in the number of judges e) Oregon
b) an investigation into the courts role in a democracy
c) another election 171) The "new immigrants" arriving to the US after about 1880
d) a change in the way judges were selected were primarily from
e) adding an amendment to the Constitution a) Northern and Western Europe
b) Southern and Eastern Europe
163) New Deal agency that provided outdoor preservation jobs c) Asia
for young men during the Depression d) Africa
a) NRA e) South America
c) PWA 172) This poet crafted the poem that is inscribed on the pedestal
d) CWA on which the Statue of Liberty stands.
e) AAA a) Emily Dickinson
b) Emma Lazarus
164) Which of the following New Deal programs involved flood c) Georgia O'Keefe
control and electrical production? d) Mark Twain
a) TVA e) Robert Frost
c) SSA 173) The 1915 German sinking of the __ cost 128 American lives
d) AAA and enraged the American public.
165) The communist leader of North Vietnam during the 1950s c) Reuben James
was d) Lusitania
a) Ngo Dinh Diem e) Maine
b) Viet Minh
c) Ho Chi Minh 174) The drive for a Prohibition amendment was not fueled by
d) Viet Cong which of the following:
a) Prohibitionist congressmen were elected to office.
166) The American General who attempted to defeat the Sioux in b) Many states began to adopt Prohibition.
a battle in Montana in 1876 (but lost his life and the lives of c) Anti-immigrant sentiments in the nation.
all of his men instead) was d) Women were against it.
a) William T. Sherman e) The Anti-Saloon League lobbied for it.
b) Ulysses S Grant
c) James Garfield 175) The Zimmerman Telegram
d) George A. Custer a) announced Germany's European war aims.
b) pledged Germany's intention to end the war quickly.
167) The Sioux leader who fought the US in the battle referred to c) proposed an alliance between Germany and Mexico.
in the previous questions who later escaped to Canada was d) had little effect on America's move toward war.
a) Sitting Bull e) announced Germany's European war aims and
b) Chief Joseph proposed an alliance between Germany and Mexico.
d) Tecumseh 176) The Fourteen Points included all of the following except
a) freedom of the seas.
168) Which of the following is NOT a major agency of the b) national self-determination.
United Nations? c) an association of nations to keep the peace.
a) General Assembly d) disarmament.
b) Cabinet e) All of these were among Wilson's Fourteen Points.
c) International Court of Justice
d) Security Council 177) This Constitutional Amendment granted women's suffrage
e) Secretariat a) 17th
169) Andrew Carnegie worked to achieve vertical integration in c) 19th
his business, which meant d) 21st
e) 20th a) The Woodstock music festival
b) Neil Armstrong's walk on the moon
178) Which Constitutional Amendment specifies what to do in c) Anti-war confrontation at Kent State
the event of a presidential incapacitation (not necessarily d) Nixon's announcement of "Vietnamization"
a) 24th 184) Lowering income and corporate taxes to give private
b) 25th business and individuals more money is known as
c) 26th a) fiscal irregularities
d) 27th b) supply side economics
c) voodoo economics
179) Which of the following does not describe the oil embargo of d) aggressive negotiations
1973? e) none of these
a) OPEC halted oil shipments to the United States,
Western Europe, and Japan to protest the help given to 185) What item in the 1 980s revolutionized the American culture
Israel in the Yom Kippur War. and the communication industry?
b) Americans used 30 percent of the world's energy; thus a) the internet
when the price of oil went up, the United States was b) the cell phone
vulnerable. c) the personal computer
c) The government reduced speed limits to 55 miles per d) the video camera
hour and lowered thermostats to 68 degrees. e) the credit card
d) After the oil embargo was lifted, energy prices
remained higher than before. 186) Paul Allen and this man worked together to create the first
e) Americans were quick to forget about the energy crisis disk operation system for personal computers.
when their world returned to normal. a) Rock Hudson
b) Al Gore
180) Which of the following was NOT a legacy of Vietnam? c) Bill Gates
a) America suffered more than 350,000 casualties. d) Joseph Benn
b) Two years after the American withdrawal, South e) Henry Boehm
Vietnam fell to the North.
c) Americans experienced jubilation at the homecoming 187) Who was the first woman appointed to the Supreme Court?
of its brave soldiers. a) Geraldine Ferraro
d) Almost 600 prisoners of war, some held as long as b) Sandra Day O'Connor
seven years, returned to the United States. c) Ruth Bader Ginsburg
e) Americans were divided in how they chose to respond d) Wilma McKinley
to veterans returning from Vietnam. e) Claudia Haglund
181) Which of the following was NOT an aspect of Carter's 188) The fastest growing social crisis facing America in the
response to the economy? 1980s was
a) At first he tried to stimulate the economy with tax cuts, a) teen pregnancy.
public works, and employment programs that were b) drug abuse.
reminiscent of the New Deal. c) AIDS.
b) When Carter tightened the money supply to control the d) homosexuality.
federal deficit, inflation decreased, but unemployment e) binge drinking.
c) He offered an energy plan that emphasized 189) Which of the following was not a problem for the country
conservation. but the plan ran into opposition from the during the Reagan presidency?
oil and gas industries. a) The Democratic Congress passed a balanced budget
d) The National Energy Act did little to reduce America's amendment that severely hampered Reagan's attempts
energy consumption or reliance on foreign oil. to spend the Soviet Union into oblivion.
e) When Carter called for a reduction in spending, he b) The Savings and Loan crisis erupted after the thrifts got
alienated the Democratic Congress. involved in a variety of risky ventures.
c) Social Security faced a short-term funding crisis.
182) The American Embassy in Iran was seized and Americans d) The deficit continued to mount.
were taken hostage, after the overthrow of the Shah in 1979, e) Many American children were living in poverty.
a) America had long supported the Shah's regime. 190) After U.S. marines were sent to Lebanon in 1982 as part of a
b) Americans had offended Islamic fundamentalists in multinational peacekeeping force,
Iran by their presence in the country. a) Israel withdrew from Lebanon.
c) the United States allowed the ailing Shah to enter the b) Terrorists bombed a marine barracks, killing over 200
US for medical treatment. Americans.
d) the United States publicly considered returning the c) The marines received reinforcements in numbers large
Shah to power, through force if necessary. enough to make their mission successful.
e) the United States had placed the Shah in power decades d) All of these
earlier. e) None of these
183) Which of the following did not take place in 1969? 191) Star Wars was the name given to Reagan's plan to
a) construct missiles that could be launched from 198) The "bonus marchers" in 1932 were
American sites around the world to hit any missiles a) World War I veterans who marched on Washington to
launched by the Soviet Union before they reached the lobby for immediate cash payments of their veterans'
United States. bonuses.
b) put weapons in space to shoot down any missile b) farmers who threatened to dump milk and other
launched by the Soviet Union. agricultural products if they did not receive a
c) build a surveillance system that would make it feasible government bonus for not producing farm surpluses.
to hit Soviet-launched missiles while they were still c) trade unionists who marched on Washington when
over Soviet territory. industrialists refused to pay the bonuses stipulated in
d) try to outspend the Soviets in probing outer space. union contracts.
e) both put weapons in space to shoot down any missile d) young people who marched in the Civilian
launched by the Soviet Union and build a surveillance Conservation Corps.
system that would make it feasible to hit Soviet- e) both Band C.
launched missiles while they were still over Soviet
territory. 199) The Constitutional Amendment that calls for the election of
Senators directly by the people (rather than by state
192) All of the following were poets or writers of the Harlem legislators) is the
Renaissance EXCEPT a) 16th
a) Langston Hughes b) 17th
b) Claude McKay c) 18th
c) James Weldon Johnson d) 19th
d) Zora Neale Hurston
e) Marcus Garvey 200) The Constitutional Amendment that provides for the
collection of an income tax is the
193) AII of the following were 1920s musicians EXCEPT a) 16th
a) Jelly Roll Morton b) 17th
b) Brian Wilson c) 18th
c) Duke Ellington d) 19th
d) Louis Armstrong
e) King Oliver 201) The early 20th century rebellion in China to drive out
foreign occupiers was called the
194) After our entry into WWII, our efforts to defeat Germany a) Boxer Rebellion
were first concentrated with British help in b) Chinese National Rebellion
a) North Africa c) Patriots Rebellion
b) Italy d) Chinese Rebellion
c) Eastern Front
d) Normandy 202) Young men were hired to clear land, plant trees, build
e) Western Front bridges, and fight fires, during the 1930s by the
a) Tennessee Valley Authority.
195) This was a practice that allowed an investor to buy stock on b) Civilian Conservation Corps.
credit c) Public Works Administration.
a) "on call" d) Works Progress Administration.
b) "on margin" e) Federal Emergency Relief Administration.
c) "on demand"
d) "on retainer" 203) The first atomic bomb ever used in warfare was dropped on
e) "on proviso" a) Nagasaki
196) The United States responded to Japanese aggression in the c) Pearl Harbor
Pacific by d) Tokyo
a) sending diplomats to settle the problems between Japan
and China. 204) This organization was created to oversee the stock and bond
b) signing mutual defense pacts with other Asian nations. markets.
c) asking the Japanese to come to America to discuss the a) WPA
matter. b) FDIC
d) placing a trade embargo on Japan to halt their supply of c) TVA
aviation fuel. d) CWA
e) both B and D e) SEC
197) Which of the following was not a cause of the Depression in 205) This organization was created to insure bank deposits up to
America? $5,000 (initially).
a) stock market speculation a) WPA
b) unequal distribution of wealth b) FDIC
c) agricultural overproduction c) TVA
d) Franklin D. Roosevelt's banking policies d) CWA
e) American greediness e) SEC
206) Germany's use of speed in its move on Poland was known as 213) What eventually ended the Soviet blockade of Berlin in
a) Sitzkrieg. 1948 - 1949?
b) Blitzkrieg. a) a series of high level negotiations between the foreign
c) Modern warfare. ministers of the United States and the Soviet Union
d) Luftwaffe. b) the desperate pleas of the citizens of Berlin
e) Anschluss. c) American threats of nuclear intervention
d) a massive airlift of needed supplies on a regular basis
207) This was interpreted by the military to allow them to remove e) none of these
Japanese citizens or Japanese Americans from the West
Coast. 214) When Winston Churchill spoke in Missouri about an "iron
a) Asian Exclusion Act curtain," he was referring to
b) Executive Order 9066 a) the division that had developed between those who
c) Japanese Internment Relocation Act supported Truman in the matter of Korea and those
d) Oriental Return Act who sided with General MacArthur.
e) Japanese Protection Act b) a division between Soviet-dominated Eastern Europe
and the rest of the continent.
208) The D-Day invasion of France on the beaches at Normandy c) the barrier that had to be established to contain
a) was known as Operation Overlord. communism within its existing boundaries.
b) was commanded by Douglas MacArthur. d) the atomic espionage ring organized by Alger Hiss.
c) took almost a year to reach and liberate Paris. e) the changes in Britain's Parliament that had removed
d) began in June 1943. him from his position as Prime Minister.
e) all of these
215) Formed during WWII to investigate Nazi propaganda in the
209) The Social Security Act of 1935 provided all of the U.S., it was revived to deal with communist propaganda in
following except the late 1940s.
a) Unemployment insurance a) Americans for America
b) Old-age pensions b) House Un-American Activities Committee
c) Economic provisions for the blind and physically hand c) Federal Loyalty-Security Program
icapped d) Anti-Communist Civilian Worker Program
d) Health care for the poor e) Nazi-American Activities Consortium
210) Dr. Benjamin Spock's writing provided American women 216) The Taft Hartley Act
with information on a) gave the president authority to impose a "cooling off'
a) birth control. period in vital industries to prevent strikes.
b) child care. b) outlawed the closed shop, which barred unions in the
c) sex. workplace.
d) working outside the home. c) encouraged states to fight "right to work" laws.
e) all of the above d) both A and B
e) both A and C
211) Which of the following was most descriptive of the postwar
economy? 217) Who "broke the color line" in major league baseball?
a) Most Americans hoarded their new savings, fearing a) Satchel Paige
that the Depression would return after the country b) Jackie Robinson
stopped paying for war goods. c) Josh Gibson
b) Consumer demand was high, as were savings, which d) Hank Aaron
led to the threat of inflation. e) Shoeless Joe Jackson
c) Strikes became less numerous, as companies agreed to
significantly higher wages. 218) This group of conservative Democrats formed their own
d) Truman's forceful stand against strikes and inflation group to reform the Democrat Party in 1947
resulted in big Democratic gains in the 1946 election. a) Regulators
e) none of the above b) Dixiecrats
c) America for Americans
212) All of the following led to the growth of suburbs after the d) The Reform Party
war except e) America First Party
a) the G.I. Bill's low mortgage rates that allowed veterans
to buy houses. 219) The Marshall Plan proposed
b) William Levitt's building of masses of houses using a) the rearming of Germany.
techniques borrowed from the Ford assembly line. b) a massive military buildup in Europe.
c) rising taxes in the cities which forced people to move to c) a series of Western military alliances.
the suburbs. d) the infusion of massive amounts of American capital
d) the attractions of suburbia's good schools and open into Western Europe.
spaces. e) both band d
e) the need for affordable houses brought on, in part, by
the baby boom. 220) Which of the following did Truman accomplish as
a) He provided political recognition but no economic a) Record sales doubled during the decade.
assistance to the new state of lsrael. b) The genre's first national hit was "Rock Around the
b) He confronted Stalin in a showdown over the Baltic Clock" by Elvis Presley.
States. c) Disc jockey Alan Freed became the self-proclaimed
c) He pushed for legislation to desegregate America's father of rock 'n' roll.
schools. d) Rock 'n' roll was a measured, acceptable response to
d) He issued an executive order desegregating the armed the excesses of black rhythm-and-blues.
forces. e) BOTH C and D.
e) He pushed for legislation to create a federal highway
system. 228) The Federal Highway Act of 1956
a) initiated the construction of 40,000 miles of interstate
221) This organization was created in 1949. It promised to roads over a decade.
support its fellow members in case of Soviet attack. b) was passed, in part, because Eisenhower wanted to be
a) UN able to evacuate the nation's cities rapidly in case of a
b) NATO nuclear attack.
c) SEATO c) led to improvements in many seemingly unrelated areas
d) NAFTA of the economy.
e) Warsaw Pact d) was financed with $25 billion in new taxes on cars,
trucks, and gasoline.
222) What did Eisenhower do to speed an end to the Korean e) all of these
a) Threatened the use of atomic weaponry 229) When Governor Faubus called out the Arkansas Guard to
b) Threatened a full scale invasion of South Korea keep black students from entering Little Rock's Central High
c) Threatened an attack on China School,
d) Threatened to revoke funding of the South Korean a) the Guard stood by as angry whites beat the students
guerillas and their supporters.
e) He proposed the division of North and South Korea at b) Eisenhower considered sending army paratroopers to
the 23rd Parallel. diffuse the situation, but eventually decided against that
223) Joseph McCarthy's televised hearings showcased his hunt c) Eisenhower nationalized the Guard and ordered them to
for communists in America and resulted in protect the students as they entered the school.
a) the arrest of over 300 "security risks." d) Faubus stood on the steps of the school and defied all
b) the firing of over 1 ,400 federal employees. of the troops, and Eisenhower backed down
c) McCarthy's being censured by the Congress for his temporarily.
overzealous methods. e) Governor George Wallace of Alabama sent his fellow
d) a much stronger federal government. governor a telegram of support.
e) several months of extended hours of programming on
the networks. 230) The name of the first man made satellite was
224) The South responded to court-ordered desegregation b) Voyager
a) with massive resistance at all levels. c) Pioneer
b) by moving immediately to end discrimination in d) Misha
schools. e) Explorer
c) with grudging acceptance of the decisions.
d) by closing all of its schools. 231) Which of the following best describes the election of 1960?
e) by filing an immediate appeal. a) Richard Nixon received the Republican nomination on
the first ballot, and John Kennedy won the Democratic
225) The black seamstress who refused to step to the back of the nomination after numerous ballots.
bus in Montgomery, Alabama, in 1955, precipitating the b) Kennedy offended southerners when he refused to
famous bus boycott, was accept Johnson as his vice presidential running mate
a) Rosa Parks. until he was forced to do so by the convention.
b) Odetta Taylor. c) Kennedy met the issue of his Catholicism head on,
c) Coretta Scott King. vowing to preserve separation of church and state.
d) Sara Carmichael. d) In a series of television debates, Nixon showed that he
e) Odetta King. was not the inexperienced politician that the Democrats
226) This type of plane was made for high altitude flights over e) As the campaigns kicked off, it appeared that Nixon
Russia to take pictures of missile installations. would handily defeat Kennedy.
b) A6 232) Which of the following was not a Kennedy "first"?
c) F101 a) He was the first Catholic president.
d) F100 b) He was the youngest candidate to win the presidency.
e) A7 c) He was the first president to be elected from New York
since Franklin Roosevelt.
227) Which of the following was true of the rock 'n' roll culture d) He was the first president to be born in the twentieth
of the 1950s? century.
e) All of these were true of Kennedy. a) William Howard Booth
b) Juan Batista
233) The building of the Berlin Wall in 1961 c) Lee Harvey Oswald
a) was a defensive measure by the Soviets. d) Jack Ruby
b) demonstrated the control that East Germany exerted e) CIA agents
c) was intended to keep East Germans from fleeing to the 240) The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution gave Johnson the authority
d) caused few problems for the Kennedy administration. a) bomb military targets in Cambodia.
e) BOTH B and C b) escalate the Vietnam War.
c) sink Vietnamese ships in the Gulf of Tonkin.
234) Which of the following was true of the freedom rides? d) both B and C.
a) Kennedy wanted to provoke a showdown with e) both A and B
powerful southern congressmen who were refusing to
pass legislation that he wanted in Congress. 241) The Students for a Democratic Society was a
b) Blacks and whites were testing a new Supreme Court a) Vietnam War protest group
decision outlawing segregation in schools. b) a civil rights group
c) The freedom riders met significant resistance when in c) an anti-civil rights group
the North but experienced a great deal of violence in d) a college admissions recruitment group
Alabama. e) an anti-affirmative action group
d) The Kennedy administration sent in federal marshals to
protect the freedom riders. 242) Which of the following most accurately describes the Black
e) none of these Power movement?
a) Some blacks, such as Stokely Carmichael, adopted
235) Which of the following occurred during the Cuban Missile Black Power, which stressed group strength and racial
a) Cuban refugees informed the United States that the b) Black students withdrew from white colleges, attending
Soviets were moving missiles into Cuba. only historically black ones instead.
b) Kennedy declared a blockade on Cuba and warned the c) Carmichael welcomed whites into SNCC, which he had
Soviet Union that missiles launched from Cuba would helped found.
result in an attack on the Soviet Union. d) Despite his religious conversion to Islam, Malcolm X
c) Kennedy refused to give the Russians the pledge that continued to push Black Nationalism and to call for the
they wanted, which would state that the United States death of whites.
would never invade Cuba if the Soviets removed their e) Shortly before he was assassinated, Dr. Martin Luther
missiles. King embraced the movement.
d) During the crisis, the Americans and Soviets used the
newly established "hotline" between their two 243) Which of these people was/were assassinated during 1968?
governments. a) John F. Kennedy
e) Khrushchev visited the United Nations to protest the b) Robert Kennedy
high-handed tone of the American government. c) Martin Luther King, Jr.
d) both Robert Kennedy and Martin Luther King, Jr.
236) Thurgood Marshall became America's first African e) all of these
a) Secretary of State. 244) The violence-riddled Democratic convention of 1968 took
b) Attorney General. place in
c) Supreme Court Justice. a) Detroit.
d) Poet laureate. b) Los Angeles.
e) Secretary of Defense. c) New York City.
237) This naval veteran of WWII aimed to better the lives of e) Chicago.
impoverished migrant farm workers by uniting them under
the banner of the United Farm Workers of America. 245) Which of the following statements is true?
a) John J. Louis a) In response to the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, LBJ sent
b) Louis Fisher American ground troops to Vietnam in late 1964.
c) George Edwards b) In response to President Kennedy's call for civil rights
d) Henry Cisneros legislation, Congress passed a landmark Civil Rights
e) Cesar Chavez bill in August 1963.
c) After seventy-five days of filibustering, Congress
238) Who shot John F. Kennedy? passed the Civil Rights Act in June 1964.
a) William Howard Booth d) Malcolm X was assassinated in 1968 just months
b) Juan Batista before the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
c) Lee Harvey Oswald
d) Jack Ruby 246) Who was the first man to walk on the moon?
e) CIA agents a) Neil Armstrong
b) Buzz Aldrin
239) Who shot Kennedy's assassin? c) John Glenn
d) Joe Namath d) Most white children continued to attend all white
e) Michael Collins schools and most black children continued to attend all
247) What was the name of the mission program that landed on e) all of these
a) Gemini 1 254) In the area of foreign policy, Nixon
b) Apollo 1 a) refused to recognize the growing power of Western
c) Apollo 11 Europe, Communist China, and Japan.
d) Apollo 13 b) wanted the United States to continue to serve as the
e) Columbia world's policeman.
c) failed in his attempt to ease tensions with the Soviet
248) What was the name of the first lunar lander to reach the Union.
moon? d) made friends with the newly elected Allende in Chile.
a) Enterprise e) reopened diplomatic relations with China in a dramatic
b) Eagle personal visit there in 1972.
d) Liberty 255) Which of the following describes the Burger Court?
e) Columbia a) Chief Justice Warren Burger, named to the Supreme
Court by Lyndon Johnson, supervised a court that for
249) This case abolished the death penalty for almost two the most part contained Nixon appointees.
decades b) The Burger Court upheld the death penalty as
a) Smith v. Allwright interpreted by the states.
b) Miranda v. Arizona c) The Burger Court struck down state laws prohibiting
c) William v. Scott abortion.
d) Furman v. Georgia d) The Burger Court struck down the use of "forced"
e) Roe v. Wade busing to achieve racial integration.
e) none of these
250) Richard Nixon's plan for “Vietnamization” included
a) the replacement of American troops with well-trained 256) The Watergate scandal involved a break-in at
and supplied Vietnamese soldiers. a) Democratic National Headquarters.
b) an intensification of diplomatic efforts toward a peace b) the offices of CORE.
settlement. c) the New York Times
c) the increased use of American air power. d) the Watergate Bank.
d) all of these e) none of these
e) none of these
257) What happened to Richard Nixon after Watergate?
251) In May 1970, protesters at Kent State University in Ohio a) He was impeached, but not removed from office
a) lashed out against a further expansion of the Vietnam b) He was impeached and removed from office
War. c) He resigned from office
b) confronted National Guardsmen who shot into the d) Nothing so he continued to serve as president until his
crowd, killing four people. term was up
c) burned the ROTC building. e) He died from the stress, leaving Gerald Ford to succeed
d) clashed with local police. him as president.
e) all of these
258) The War Powers Act and the Freedom of Information Act
252) Which of the following was/were true of the Pentagon were passed as a result of
Papers? a) America's involvement in Vietnam.
a) The secret documents were leaked to the New York b) the Watergate debacle.
Times by Bob Woodward, a former intelligence officer. c) CIA attempts to overthrow Castro.
b) The report laid the blame for American involvement at d) both America's involvement in Vietnam and the
the feet of Dwight Eisenhower, infuriating Nixon, since Watergate debacle.
he was so closely tied to Eisenhower's administration. e) both America's involvement in Vietnam and CIA
c) Nixon began a campaign to halt publication of the attempts to overthrow Castro.
Pentagon Papers on the grounds that their disclosure
threatened national security. 259) The Watergate incident led to
d) all of these a) the resignation of Richard Nixon, which was a first in
e) none of these United States history.
b) the firing of many White House employees, one of
253) Which of the following was/were true of the 1960s civil them Nixon's personal secretary, for "insubordination"
rights era? to the president.
a) African American joblessness in the most severe cases c) the release of tapes of Oval Office conversations that
reached as high as 25 percent. caused the American people to question Nixon's fitness
b) The "Philadelphia Plan" proposed a method for to lead the country.
desegregating that city's schools. d) BOTH A and C
c) President Nixon was very anxious to move forward on e) BOTH B and C
260) The U.S. and the USSR signed a treaty in 1972 which c) Americans feared that giving Bush four more years
limited the number of ICBMs that each side could have. It would mean a continuation of problems with the
was the economy.
a) Warsaw Pact d) Both B and C.
b) SALT e) none of these
d) NATO 267) Which of the following did not occur during the 1992
e) SEATO campaign?
a) Ross Perot made the best showing of any third-party
261) In the 1984 election, what was different about the vice- candidate in American history.
presidential candidate for the Democrats? b) Bill Clinton got the Democratic nomination and chose
a) He was African American. AI Gore as his running mate.
b) He had been divorced. c) The Republicans nominated Bush and Quayle on a
c) He was Hispanic. conservative agenda.
d) He had AIDS. d) The Republicans swept the House and the Senate.
e) She was a woman. e) Ross Perot actually entered the race, withdrew, and
then re-entered before the election.
262) Which of these was not a significant part of the 1980s?
a) The space shuttle Challenger exploded, killing its 268) Clinton named ____ to serve as the first female Secretary of
astronauts and shocking the watching nation. State.
b) The word "yuppies" came to describe the country's a) Condoleezza Rice
young urban professionals. b) Madeline Albright
c) With AIDS at epidemic proportions, the Surgeon c) Tipper Gore
General urged the use of condoms. d) Ruth Bader Ginsberg
d) A second energy crisis occurred as a result of war in e) Elizabeth Dole
e) The Iran-Contra hearings mesmerized Americans on 269) Which of the following embarrassed and weakened
television. President Clinton?
a) The Paula Jones lawsuit against the president
263) The event that caused Bush to forfeit the trust Americans b) Kenneth's Starr's continued investigation of Whitewater
placed in him was c) Congressional probes on alleged improper campaign
a) the failure to bomb Baghdad after liberating Kuwait. financing in 1996
b) his reversal of his "no new taxes" pledge. d) all of these
c) his dealings with Noriega before the American attack. e) none of these
d) his response to the Chinese attack on its citizens in
Tiananmen Square. 270) The outcome of the disputed election of 2000 was
e) the revelation that he had been involved in the Iran- a) a tied vote that sent the election to the House of
Contra Affair. Representatives.
b) a Supreme Court decision that gave Florida's votes and
264) This agreement opened up the northern and southern borders the election to George W. Bush.
of the U.S. to free trade. c) a decision by AI Gore to concede the election before
a) NAFTA the Supreme Court received the case, "for the good of
b) NATO the country."
c) SEATO d) all of these
d) GAFTA e) none of these
271) When confronted with a British blockade of their ports, the
265) The Gulf conflict of 1991 occurred when the United States Germans
freed the country of __ after it was invaded by Iraq. a) introduced the submarine.
a) Kuwait b) sought ports in the Baltic, where British ships could not
b) Qatar go.
c) Saudi Arabia c) laid a minefield around their ports.
d) Israel d) declared war against Great Britain.
e) Jordan e) erected a road to the Mediterranean to avoid the
266) In the aftermath of the Gulf War, Bush's reelection seemed
assured, yet a year later he would no longer be president. 272) What did the most damage to German support in the U.S.
Which of the following was/were NOT a factor/factors in during WWI?
his defeat? a) the sinking of the Lusitania
a) Saddam Hussein reemerged as a potent force in Iraq, b) the massacre of Germany's Jewish population
making some question whether Bush had ended the war c) the manner in which the Germans conducted the war
too soon. d) the propaganda that they arranged to have published in
b) As the Soviet Union broke apart, Americans worried the U.S.
about whether Bush would be strong enough to deal e) their refusal to pay for goods purchased on credit from
with its constituent parts. the U.S.
273) Allowing people to not take a literacy test prior to voting if d) disarmament.
their ancestors had been born before a specific date was e) All of these were among Wilson's Fourteen Points.
a) the grandfather clause. 281) One of Wilson's major goals at Paris was to
b) the White Primary. a) found a League of Nations to enforce peace.
c) the White Literacy Test. b) punish Germany for starting the war.
d) White Flight. c) gain repayment for the British and French for their
e) the Jim Crow law. great losses.
d) bring the Russians to the peace table.
274) The drive for a Prohibition amendment was not fueled by e) be sure that decisions were made fairly.
which of the following:
a) Prohibitionist congressmen were elected to office. 282) In order to persuade the Senate to ratify the Treaty of
b) Many states began to adopt Prohibition. Versailles, President Wilson
c) anti-immigrant sentiments in the nation. a) added prominent Republicans to his cabinet.
d) Women were against it. b) went on a national speaking tour to influence public
e) The Anti-Saloon League lobbied for it. opinion.
c) agreed to acceptance of the treaty without America
275) The key issue in the 1916 presidential campaign was joining the League of Nations.
a) that Wilson had kept America out of the war. d) agreed to increase German reparations.
b) the proposed extension of suffrage to women. e) told the American public that he was asking for treaty
c) whether civil rights for African Americans would be ratification and then challenged Senators to defy him.
included in the progressive agenda.
d) whether the U.S. would eventually come into the war
on the side of Germany or of Britain and France.
e) what to do about tariffs.
276) The Zimmerman Telegram
a) announced Germany's European war aims.
b) pledged Germany's intention to end the war quickly.
c) proposed an alliance between Germany and Mexico.
d) had little effect on America's move toward war.
e) announced Germany's European war aims and
proposed an alliance between Germany and Mexico.
277) If Mexico supported Germany in World War I, read the
a) Germany would provide Mexico with the needed
equipment to drill for oil in their country.
b) Germany would help Mexico get back Arizona, New
Mexico and Texas.
c) Germany would not sink Mexican ships in the Atlantic.
d) Germany would help Mexico win control of the
e) Germany would recognize Villa as the president of
278) The American Expeditionary Force in World War I was led
a) Dwight Eisenhower.
b) Winfield Scott Hancock.
c) John J. Pershing.
d) Woodrow Wilson.
e) Douglas MacArthur.
279) The most important achievement for women during World
War I was
a) recognition for their efforts in the military.
b) winning the right of suffrage.
c) better paying jobs that lasted once the war ended.
d) a growing acceptance in the professional fields.
e) winning the right to abortions.
280) The Fourteen Points included all of the following except
a) freedom of the seas.
b) national self-determination.
c) an association of nations to keep the peace.