Code of Federal Regulations _CFR

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					           Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)




Contents
         Code of Federal Regulations
• The regulations first published in the Federal Register on a
  daily basis are then codified in the Code of Federal
  Regulations.
• The regulations that are published chronologically in the
  Federal Register are codified and arranged by title, then by
  chapter (one agency’s regulations) and finally by subject in
  the CFR.
• The CFR is divided into 50 titles, just like the USCA
   – Some titles covering the same subjects are numbered
     the same in the CFR and in the USCA; others are not.
• Each title is divided into chapters, subchapters, parts, and
  sections.
• A regulation is cited by title, part, and section, e.g.,
  14 CFR 121.313 (Title 14, Part 121, Section 313).
• The soft-cover volumes of the CFR are issued each year in
  sets on a staggered, quarterly basis:
   – Titles 1– 6 are current through January 1
   – Titles 17 – 27 are current through April 1
   – Titles 29 – 41 are current through July 1
   – Titles 42 – 50 are current through October 1
• Each new set contains the text of all regulations in force as
  of the current through date. New regulations are merged
  with, and revoked regulations are deleted from, the
  previous set of regulations.
• The color of each set of volumes is changed every year; a
  current full set may contain different colored volumes,
  depending on the time of the year.
• Title 3, which contains Presidential Proclamations and
  Executive Orders, is always white.
Research Tools in Each Volume of the
                CFR
• Table of Contents listing all material within the book:
  titles, subtitles, chapters, subchapter(s), parts, and sections
   – Subtitles are referenced to page numbers
• Material Approved for Incorporation by Reference ,which
  is regulatory material not published in the Federal Register
  or CFR
   – Has force of law as if it were published in the Federal
      Register and CFR
   – Mostly technical standards, state law, and regulations
• Table of CFR Titles and Chapters
• Redesignation Tables to help trace new location of parts
  and sections of a regulation
• List of CFR Sections Affected in the volume
                Table of Contents
• At the beginning of each print issue
• Documents are listed by agencies in alphabetical order
   – Cross-referenced from Cabinet departments to
     subordinate agencies
   – Each agency document is arranged by category
       • Rules
       • Proposed Rules
       • Notices
• Presidential documents are
  arranged as follows:
   – Executive Orders
   – Proclamations
   – Determinations/Memoranda
                             Table of Contents


Title 14
Chapter 1
Parts 60-139                 Subchapter D




                                       Part 121




                                                  121.313




    • CFR titles are broken down by Chapter, Subchapter, and
      Part.
    • Immediately preceding each part is a Table of Contents for
      the individual regulations contained within that part.
                                                 Title 14
                                                 Parts 60-139
                 Paragraph f



       121.313




• Regulation 121.313
• Paragraph (f) discusses requirements for the door to the
  flight-crew compartment.
Material Approved
for Incorporation
                                                 Title 14
by Reference
                                                 Parts 60-139




  Material Approved for Incorporation by Reference is
  regulatory material not published in the Federal Register
  or CFR
   – Has force of law as if were published in the Federal
     Register and CFR
   – Mostly technical standards, state law, and regulations
                                                   Title 14
                                                   Parts 60-139




                                   Redesignation Table



Table of CFR Titles and Chapters

   • Table of CFR Titles and Chapters
   • Redesignation Tables to help trace new location of parts
     and sections of a regulation
                                                 Title 14
                                                 Parts 60-139




List of CFR Sections Affected




    List of CFR Sections Affected in each volume indicates
    the type of change that was made.
              Access to the CFR:
            Index and Finding Aids
• CFR Index and Finding Aids is single volume
   – Revised annually
   – Index with subject entries and agency
     names in one listing
      • Since 1980, a thesaurus has assured
        that all agencies use the same
        terminology for subject headings
   – Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules
   – List of Agency-Prepared Indexes
     Appearing in Individual CFR Volumes
                                         Index and Finding
                                           Aids Volume




                                        14 CFR 121

          Index

• Subject entries and agency names are in one listing
• Access by subject or agency
• References CFR title and part numbers, not individual
  regulations
                                           Index and Finding
                                             Aids Volume




List of Agency-Prepared
Indexes Appearing in                    USCA Authorities
Individual CFR Volumes

 • The List of Agency-Prepared Indexes provides information
   on how to locate agency indexes in various CFR volumes.
 • The Parallel Table of Authorities shows where regulations
   promulgated under statute or Executive Order have been
   placed in the CFR.
                                         Index and Finding
                                           Aids Volume
              14 CFR 121




      List of CFR Titles, Chapters,
      Subchapters, and Parts



The list of CFR Titles, Chapters, Subchapters, and Parts
provides an outline of the CFR organization.
                                        Index and Finding
                                          Aids Volume




Alphabetical List of Agencies
   Appearing in the CFR




 The Alphabetical List of Agencies Appearing in the CFR
 is another means of accessing the regulations.
       Updating Regulations in Print
• LSA: List of CFR Sections Affected
   – Issued monthly
   – Indicates final and proposed
     changes made since the last
     publication of the CFR set
• CFR Parts Affected
   – In each volume of the Code of
     Federal Regulations
   – Incorporated in the cumulative
     list in the Reader Aids section
• CFR Parts Affected in this Issue
   – In each daily issue of the Federal
     Register
     The Code of Federal Regulations
       Database (CFR) on Westlaw

• The CFR database includes all 50 titles.
• The database incorporates all but the most recent changes
  to the Code of Federal Regulations.
• There is an approximately two-week lag between
  publication of the Final Rule in the Federal Register and
  incorporation into the CFR database.
• Historical CFR databases date back to 1984.
   – Database identifiers are CFR01, CFR00, CFR99, etc.
           Westlaw CFR Searches
If you know the citation of a CFR section
  – Access the Find service
  – Enter: 14 CFR 121.313
          Westlaw CFR Searches
Natural Language:
 – Database: CFR
 – Search: security to strengthen flight-crew doors in
    airplanes



                           Best




          Best
              The CFR on Westlaw

Useful fields
• The prelim field (PR) contains the CFR title and other
  headings that precede the caption
• The caption field (CA) contains the CFR section number
  and heading
• The notes field (NO) contains editorial and effective date
  notes
• The credit field (CR) contains USCA authority and Federal
  Register source notes
• Terms and Connector searches in CFR
   – To retrieve all documents within a specific title and part
       • pr(“title 14” & “part 121”)
   – To retrieve all documents discussing a particular topic
     within a particular title
       • pr(“title 14”) & flight-crew pilot /s door
       • pr(“aviation administration”) & flight-crew /s door
   – To retrieve all documents discussing a particular
     regulation
       • pr(“title 14”) & 121.313
       • pr(“title 14”) & 121.313(f)
       Table of Contents for the CFR Database
      Links for       121.583




TOC
                                         121.583




      • When viewing a regulation, click Table of Contents on
        the Links for tab in the left frame.
      • The Table of Contents opens to the regulation you are
        viewing in the right frame.
      • You can expand or collapse any division in the Table of
        Contents.
            Documents in Sequence




           Documents in Sequence

                                                    Docs in Seq
                             Tools



• Select the Documents in Sequence command under Tools
  at the bottom of the right frame.
• Docs in Seq arrows allow you to move from regulation to
  regulation as if paging through the print regulations.
Updating CFR Regulations on Westlaw to Section
    And Paragraph Number in FR Database




 Database: FR
 Search: pr(“14 cfr”) & 121.313(f)

“14 CFR” is in the prelim field. The part number is also in
the prelim field but, because it is built into the section
number, there is no reason to include it in the query.
                   KeyCite® Results for the CFR

KeyCite

                                                       Recent Update

                                                         History



                                                                       Citing References




          • KeyCite History for the CFR
             – Shows recent changes to a regulation
             – Shows history of the regulation
          • KeyCite Citing References lists the cases and secondary
            sources that have cited a CFR section.

				
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