Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Contents Code of Federal Regulations • The regulations first published in the Federal Register on a daily basis are then codified in the Code of Federal Regulations. • The regulations that are published chronologically in the Federal Register are codified and arranged by title, then by chapter (one agency’s regulations) and finally by subject in the CFR. • The CFR is divided into 50 titles, just like the USCA – Some titles covering the same subjects are numbered the same in the CFR and in the USCA; others are not. • Each title is divided into chapters, subchapters, parts, and sections. • A regulation is cited by title, part, and section, e.g., 14 CFR 121.313 (Title 14, Part 121, Section 313). • The soft-cover volumes of the CFR are issued each year in sets on a staggered, quarterly basis: – Titles 1– 6 are current through January 1 – Titles 17 – 27 are current through April 1 – Titles 29 – 41 are current through July 1 – Titles 42 – 50 are current through October 1 • Each new set contains the text of all regulations in force as of the current through date. New regulations are merged with, and revoked regulations are deleted from, the previous set of regulations. • The color of each set of volumes is changed every year; a current full set may contain different colored volumes, depending on the time of the year. • Title 3, which contains Presidential Proclamations and Executive Orders, is always white. Research Tools in Each Volume of the CFR • Table of Contents listing all material within the book: titles, subtitles, chapters, subchapter(s), parts, and sections – Subtitles are referenced to page numbers • Material Approved for Incorporation by Reference ,which is regulatory material not published in the Federal Register or CFR – Has force of law as if it were published in the Federal Register and CFR – Mostly technical standards, state law, and regulations • Table of CFR Titles and Chapters • Redesignation Tables to help trace new location of parts and sections of a regulation • List of CFR Sections Affected in the volume Table of Contents • At the beginning of each print issue • Documents are listed by agencies in alphabetical order – Cross-referenced from Cabinet departments to subordinate agencies – Each agency document is arranged by category • Rules • Proposed Rules • Notices • Presidential documents are arranged as follows: – Executive Orders – Proclamations – Determinations/Memoranda Table of Contents Title 14 Chapter 1 Parts 60-139 Subchapter D Part 121 121.313 • CFR titles are broken down by Chapter, Subchapter, and Part. • Immediately preceding each part is a Table of Contents for the individual regulations contained within that part. Title 14 Parts 60-139 Paragraph f 121.313 • Regulation 121.313 • Paragraph (f) discusses requirements for the door to the flight-crew compartment. Material Approved for Incorporation Title 14 by Reference Parts 60-139 Material Approved for Incorporation by Reference is regulatory material not published in the Federal Register or CFR – Has force of law as if were published in the Federal Register and CFR – Mostly technical standards, state law, and regulations Title 14 Parts 60-139 Redesignation Table Table of CFR Titles and Chapters • Table of CFR Titles and Chapters • Redesignation Tables to help trace new location of parts and sections of a regulation Title 14 Parts 60-139 List of CFR Sections Affected List of CFR Sections Affected in each volume indicates the type of change that was made. Access to the CFR: Index and Finding Aids • CFR Index and Finding Aids is single volume – Revised annually – Index with subject entries and agency names in one listing • Since 1980, a thesaurus has assured that all agencies use the same terminology for subject headings – Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules – List of Agency-Prepared Indexes Appearing in Individual CFR Volumes Index and Finding Aids Volume 14 CFR 121 Index • Subject entries and agency names are in one listing • Access by subject or agency • References CFR title and part numbers, not individual regulations Index and Finding Aids Volume List of Agency-Prepared Indexes Appearing in USCA Authorities Individual CFR Volumes • The List of Agency-Prepared Indexes provides information on how to locate agency indexes in various CFR volumes. • The Parallel Table of Authorities shows where regulations promulgated under statute or Executive Order have been placed in the CFR. Index and Finding Aids Volume 14 CFR 121 List of CFR Titles, Chapters, Subchapters, and Parts The list of CFR Titles, Chapters, Subchapters, and Parts provides an outline of the CFR organization. Index and Finding Aids Volume Alphabetical List of Agencies Appearing in the CFR The Alphabetical List of Agencies Appearing in the CFR is another means of accessing the regulations. Updating Regulations in Print • LSA: List of CFR Sections Affected – Issued monthly – Indicates final and proposed changes made since the last publication of the CFR set • CFR Parts Affected – In each volume of the Code of Federal Regulations – Incorporated in the cumulative list in the Reader Aids section • CFR Parts Affected in this Issue – In each daily issue of the Federal Register The Code of Federal Regulations Database (CFR) on Westlaw • The CFR database includes all 50 titles. • The database incorporates all but the most recent changes to the Code of Federal Regulations. • There is an approximately two-week lag between publication of the Final Rule in the Federal Register and incorporation into the CFR database. • Historical CFR databases date back to 1984. – Database identifiers are CFR01, CFR00, CFR99, etc. Westlaw CFR Searches If you know the citation of a CFR section – Access the Find service – Enter: 14 CFR 121.313 Westlaw CFR Searches Natural Language: – Database: CFR – Search: security to strengthen flight-crew doors in airplanes Best Best The CFR on Westlaw Useful fields • The prelim field (PR) contains the CFR title and other headings that precede the caption • The caption field (CA) contains the CFR section number and heading • The notes field (NO) contains editorial and effective date notes • The credit field (CR) contains USCA authority and Federal Register source notes • Terms and Connector searches in CFR – To retrieve all documents within a specific title and part • pr(“title 14” & “part 121”) – To retrieve all documents discussing a particular topic within a particular title • pr(“title 14”) & flight-crew pilot /s door • pr(“aviation administration”) & flight-crew /s door – To retrieve all documents discussing a particular regulation • pr(“title 14”) & 121.313 • pr(“title 14”) & 121.313(f) Table of Contents for the CFR Database Links for 121.583 TOC 121.583 • When viewing a regulation, click Table of Contents on the Links for tab in the left frame. • The Table of Contents opens to the regulation you are viewing in the right frame. • You can expand or collapse any division in the Table of Contents. Documents in Sequence Documents in Sequence Docs in Seq Tools • Select the Documents in Sequence command under Tools at the bottom of the right frame. • Docs in Seq arrows allow you to move from regulation to regulation as if paging through the print regulations. Updating CFR Regulations on Westlaw to Section And Paragraph Number in FR Database Database: FR Search: pr(“14 cfr”) & 121.313(f) “14 CFR” is in the prelim field. The part number is also in the prelim field but, because it is built into the section number, there is no reason to include it in the query. KeyCite® Results for the CFR KeyCite Recent Update History Citing References • KeyCite History for the CFR – Shows recent changes to a regulation – Shows history of the regulation • KeyCite Citing References lists the cases and secondary sources that have cited a CFR section.