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					Section C: Reading                               FMSS OSSLT Activity 2008 2009

Read the selection below and answer the questions that follow it.

Brampton’s History
Settlers began arriving in Ontario by the early 1780s. But even into
the early 1800s Brampton was still wilderness, largely untouched
by European settlement. To prepare for the eventual influx, lands
in Chinguacousy and Gore Townships were surveyed in 1818.
Surveyors described the region as low, swampy and covered with
dense hardwood forest. Slowly land was cleared, cabins built and
fields were ploughed for farming.

In the early 1820s John Elliott settled in the village. He and another
settler named William Lawson were from Brampton, Cumberland, England. In 1834 they had the
village renamed to Brampton in honour of their English home.

In 1853 Brampton was officially incorporated as a village. The population had grown to over 500
people. Several churches were built, along with a grammar school, distilleries and several stores.
Brampton was incorporated as a town in 1873 and John Haggert was elected the first Mayor.

A new industry was emerging in Brampton by the mid Victorian era. In 1860 Edward Dale
established a flower nursery. Within a few short years Brampton became known as the
“Flowertown of Canada” and soon Dale's Nursery was Brampton's largest employer. By the turn
of the century hundreds of acres of land were filled with greenhouses growing prize orchids,
hybrid roses and many other quality flowers. Most of these flowers were grown for export around
the world.

Brampton's citizens endured two world wars and the Great Depression during the first half of the
20th century. These major world events did take their toll on the local economy. Some factories
closed and the flower industry began a slow but steady decline.

The City slowly transformed after World War Two. In the late 1940s and 1950s the automobile
began to change the landscape, as did rapid urban growth around Toronto. New subdivisions
began to develop. In March 1948 Brampton suffered a devastating flood when the Etobicoke
Creek overflowed its banks. The Etobicoke flooded repeatedly but the 1948 flood was considered
the worst. The town launched an ambitious civil engineering project to straighten and reroute the
Etobicoke Creek. A concrete diversion channel was built and put into operation in November
1951.

In 1974 the Region of Peel was created and Brampton became a City. Large-scale and leading
edge industries located in Brampton. In the 1980s and 1990s large subdivisions developed on
lands formerly used for farming. The culturally diverse and vibrant City of today was emerging.

Brampton is now among the largest urban centres in Canada with a population of over 400,000
people. The roots of Brampton's success can be traced to its heritage. The foundations were first
laid almost 200 hundred years ago when a group of industrious people established a small
hamlet at the crossroads of Queen and Main Streets.
Section C: Reading                       FMSS OSSLT Activity 2008 2009

Multiple-Choice (Record the best or most correct answer on the Student Answer
Sheet.)

   1. Where did Brampton get its                4. How might Brampton be
      name?                                        described today according to
                                                   the article?
   A European settlement
                                                A culturally diverse and vibrant
   B named after Brampton, England
                                                B slow and steady
   C the mayor, John Haggert
                                                C low and swampy
   D surveyors
                                                D a small hamlet
   2. What new industry in the mid              5. What did farming land get
      Victorian era resulted in                    turned into during the last few
      Brampton’s nickname?                         decades?

   A flower nurseries                           A flooded land
   B pulp mills                                 B subdivisions
   C automobile                                 C a new route for the Etobicoke
   D      farming                               Creek
                                                D commercial properties
   3. What ambitious engineering
      project did Brampton launch
      in 1951?                                  6. What is suggested to be the
                                                   root of Brampton’s success?
   A World War Two
                                                A rapid urban growth
   B urban growth
                                                B land
   C concrete diversion channel
                                                C industrious settlers
   D landscaping
                                                D heritage
Section C: Reading                            FMSS OSSLT Activity 2008 2009

Written Answer

 7       Summarize this selection. Include a main idea and one point that clearly supports
         it.
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                                         Rough Notes
          Use the space below for rough notes. Nothing you write in this space will
                                        be scored.




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