LAW The Objective Norm of Morality - PowerPoint Presentation

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					The Objective Norm of Morality
The Notion of Law (The Objective
norm of Morality)
 Law as defined by:
St. Thomas Aquinas
  “Law is an ordinance of reason for the common
  good promulgated by the person who takes
  charge of the community.”


A. Ordinance of Reason        B. Common Good
C. Promulgated                D. Person – takes
                         charge of the community
 Natural Law
 Divine Law or Eternal Law
 Moral Law
 Human Law
           Civil Law
           Church Law
 “ A law is valuable not because it is a law but
 because there is right in it. “
                    - Henry Ward Beecher-
A. NATURAL LAW
 Refers to moral insights people are
   capable of knowing by means of their
   reason, and independently of the verbal
   revelation of God.
“Natural” in Natural Law means:
1. Not supernatural
2. Not positive
3. Found in and derived from the nature of a
   person.
    Concept of Natural Law
   Natural moral law is the law of human
conduct which arises from human nature as
ordered to its ultimate end, and which is
recognized by the natural right of reason.

   The objective ground in which the moral
law is recognized and from which it is
derived are man’s “natural ultimate end”
and “human nature not elevated by grace.”
Three essential characteristics of
Natural Law
 Universality - it is for all individuals


 Unity and Invariability - possess equal
  basic rights

 Immutability - there cannot be any change
  in whatever is fundamentally good or evil.
B. DIVINE AND ETERNAL
LAW
         Divine law is deduced from the fact that
      the world is ruled by Divine Providence.

       Eternal Law is the plan flowing from
     God’s wisdom which directs all actions and
         movements. -St. Thomas Aquinas

     Eternal Law is the divine reason and/or the
  will of God Himself commanding the preservation
  of the natural law and forbidding its disturbance
                    -St. Augustine
Divine law is manifested in:
Physical laws, which rule both non rational
 and rational creatures.
Biological laws, which govern the
 development of living things.
Mathematical laws, which govern abstract
 quantity.
Natural law, which is the participation of
 the eternal law in the rational creature.
 “We cannot break the laws,
     but if we ignore them,
       they can break us.
    If we disobey the laws,
even in ignorance, our nature
 is damaged for they are the
        laws of reality.”
C. MORAL LAW
 Governs man’s/woman’s behavior
 Contains truth & ethical principles
    “guide on matter of what is right or wrong”

“Directive ordering a person’s activity towards the
            ultimate end” - Karl Peschke

 The most “ordinary everyday activity” are
   expected to contribute to “the realization
        in the history of Divine Plan”
  Man’s Inclination Towards
          Goodness
 Found in the heart in the natural light of
  reason (What is good & evil?)

 Develop & enlighten the intellect (know
  the TRUTH)

 Cultivate & Motivate the will (Aim for the
  highest good)
MORAL LAW AS REVEALED
         LAW
 Old Law – Ten Commandments


“God wrote on the tablets the law of
  men did not read in their hearts”

 New Law – Gospel Law – work of Christ
 & Holy spirit
LAW IN SACRED SCRIPTURES
Law in the Old Testament – TORAH
 (Collections of Law)

Law in the New Testament – Jesus
 instructions and parables being this message
 home in new forms & ways.

OLD LAW – external written code

LAW OF CHRIST – Law of the Spirit
Teachings of Christ
 Love your Enemies
     “Even though the hardest thing to do, we
 really have to”

 Golden Rule
   “Whatever you wish that men
 would do to you, do so them”
New Testament Law
Summarized
“ You shall love the Lord your God with your
     whole heart, with your whole soul, and
     with all your mind. This is the greatest
      and first commandment. The second is
   similar to it. You shall love your neighbor
    as yourself. On these two commandments
  the whole law is based, and the prophets as
                       well”
          Matthew 22 : 34 - 40
               BEATITUDES
 Blessings promised by the Lord to His
     Faithful Disciples in the Sermon on the
     Mount.
         “ To Love as Jesus Loves”
1. Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is
   the Kingdom of Heaven.
2. Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall
   be comforted.
3. Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit
   the earth.
 Beatitudes Continued…

4.   Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for
     righteousness, for they shall be satisfied.
5.   Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain
     mercy.
6.   Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall
     see God.
7.   Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall
     be called the children of God.
8.   Blessed are those who are persecuted for
     righteousness’ sake, for theirs is the
     Kingdom of Heaven.
Beatitudes with their corresponding gift of the
     Spirit - Germain Grisez
1.   Poor in Spirit – Fear of the Lord
2.   Meek – Piety or Godliness
3.   Mourn – Knowledge
4.   Hunger and thirst for righteousness – Fortitude
5.   Those who are merciful – Counsel
6.   Pure of Heart – Understanding
7.   Peacemakers – Wisdom
8.   Those persecuted for righteousness’ sake –
     Unique gift of one’s self.
D. HUMAN LAW
     Human law is a written document
which deals with the juridical order of a
society but this does not mean that all
human laws were written because in
primitive societies human laws were not
written.
  Characteristics which serve to further
    clarify the concept of human law:

1.Human law is enforceable.
2.It is concerned with external conduct only.
3.This law is limited to particular groups of
  people.
4.It is historically conditioned.
5.Human law has presumptive obligatory force.
    Necessity of human law:
1.Revealed law does not provide exact rules for
  every moral problem;
2.Frequently, natural moral law is not so evident
  in its particular requirement;
3.Often, there are several possible ways to
  comply with an obligation;
4.Human law, with its penal regulation is an
  indispensable means of education for people.
CIVIL LAW vs. CHURCH LAW
Civil Law is the particular application of
natural law in a given society while

Church law is the particular application of
divine law to the Christian

*Christian response is to obey all valid
 civil laws as we are bound by our
 conscience.

				
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