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					            Sermon on the Mount:
The Beatitudes and the Gospel of the Kingdom
               Matthew 5:1-12
          Sermon on the Mount
 Galilean Ministry – Summary of Activity
              Matthew 4:23-25
Second Year of Ministry (Luke 6:1)
Teaching in the Synagogues
Preaching the Gospel of the Kingdom
Healing All Kinds of Sickness
Great Multitudes/Fame Spread
Galilee, Decapolis, Jerusalem, Judea, beyond
 the Jordan
Sermon on the Mount
     Galilee      Decapolis



                       Beyond
                        Jordan
  Judea

                Jerusalem
          Sermon on the Mount
 Galilean Ministry – Summary of Activity
              Matthew 4:23-25
Second Year of Ministry (Luke 6:1)
Teaching in the Synagogues
Preaching the Gospel of the Kingdom
Healing All Kinds of Sickness
Great Multitudes/Fame Spread
Galilee, Decapolis, Jerusalem, Judea, beyond
 the Jordan
Taught Repentance (Matt 4:17) Radical change
     The Sermon on the Mount
    Core Values of the Kingdom
 The “constitution of God’s Kingdom”
 Reflects the central theme of the
  Bible that God wanted for Himself a
  people. (I Peter 2:9-10)
The Sermon on the Mount -
Matthew 5-7

 The character of kingdom citizens
 and their relation to the world - 5:1-16.
 The high standard of righteousness
 in the kingdom - 5:17-48.
 True piety: inner devotion - 6:1-18
 and separation from the world - 6:19-34.
 Proper judgments that flow from
 faith - 7:1-29 (Two choices 24-29)
Whoever hears these sayings
of Mine, AND DOES THEM,
I will liken him to a wise
man who built his house on
the rock …
Whoever hears these sayings of Mine AND
DOES NOT DO THEM, will be like a
foolish man who built his house
on the sand …
      The Sermon on the Mount
"It seems certain that no other speech ever delivered
has so influenced man as has this sermon on the
mount. Its contents, so superior to any production of
man, proved the Deity of its author. Its teaching is
out of harmony with any school of religion or
philosophy of that day; hence, their brightest lights
could not have produced it. Its teaching is distinct,
revolutionary, challenging every school of religious
thought of the times, both Jewish and heathen. It is
not a product of the times, but of Deity." (R. L.
Whiteside, Bible Studies, Vol. 4, p. 117).
The Beatitudes & The Gospel of the Kingdom   Matthew 5:1-12


 “Beatitudes” - from the Latin beatus,
    “blessed,” or to “make happy”

 "Blessed" – from the Greek makarios
    to be fully satisfied
    In classical Greek this word described those
      who possessed consummate bliss.
The Beatitudes & The Gospel of the Kingdom    Matthew 5:1-12

 The English word happiness contains the root hap which
  means chance. Human happiness is something which is
  dependent on the chances and the changes of life,
  something which life may give and which life may also
  destroy." (William Barclay, The Gospel Of Matthew, p. 89).

 Makarios differs from “happy” because happy describes a
  person who has good luck, a blessed person is one whom
  God makes fully satisfied, not because of favorable
  circumstances, but because He indwells the believer
  through Christ.” (Word Study - Zodhiates)
The Beatitudes & The Gospel of the Kingdom   Matthew 5:1-12


 William Barclay writes:
  “ . . . that joy which is serene and untouchable, and
 self contained, that joy which is completely
 independent of all the chances and changes of life.”
                    The Beatitudes
Matthew 5:2-10
3    Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of
     heaven.
4    Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted.
5    Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth.
6    Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness,
     for they shall be filled.
7    Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy.
8    Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God.
9    Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons
     of God.
10   Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness’
     sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
The Beatitudes & The Gospel of the Kingdom   Matthew 5:1-12


   All Christians are meant to manifest all of
    these characteristics. They are not
    proverbs to be applied individually, they
    are a composite. They are a seamless
    garment.

   These qualities are chosen qualities
The Beatitudes & The Gospel of the Kingdom   Matthew 5:1-12

    “Blessed are the poor in spirit” (vs 3)
 Greek word for “poor” (Ptochos) means one who
  has nothing and is completely empty, abject
  poverty
The Beatitudes & The Gospel of the Kingdom   Matthew 5:1-12

      “Blessed are the poor in spirit” (vs 3)
What it is not…
The Pharisee in Lk. 18:10-12
The scribes in Lk 20:46; Mk 2:16-17
The Laodicean church in Rev. 3:17
Economically poor
Weak or cowardly (Cowardly spies “We are not
 able to go up against the people” Num. 13:31)
False humility
Self - reliant, confident, centered, or sufficient.
Boast in their birth, family, nationality, education,
 physical looks, race, wealth, or their culture.
 Phil 3:4-8
The Beatitudes & The Gospel of the Kingdom         Matthew 5:1-12

    “Blessed are the poor in spirit” (vs 3)
What it is …

 Isa.66:2 “ but to this man will I look, even to him that is poor
  and of a contrite spirit, and trembleth at My Word”

 Isa. 57:15 "For thus says the high and exalted One Who
  lives forever, whose name is Holy, I dwell on a high and
  holy place, And also with the contrite and lowly (poor,
  humble) of spirit”
The Beatitudes & The Gospel of the Kingdom   Matthew 5:1-12

      “Blessed are the poor in spirit” (vs 3)
What it is …
Isaiah 6:3-5
Luke 5:8
Luke 18:13-14
Luke 15:21
The Beatitudes & The Gospel of the Kingdom   Matthew 5:1-12

      “Blessed are the poor in spirit” (vs 3)
What it is …
 D. Martyn Lloyd-Jones defined poor in spirit as
  “a complete absence of pride, a complete
  absence of self-assurance and self-reliance. It
  means a consciousness that we are nothing in
  the presence of God.” He further described it as
  “this tremendous awareness of our utter
  nothingness as we come face to face with God.”
The Beatitudes & The Gospel of the Kingdom   Matthew 5:1-12

 How to increase this quality of being “poor
                  in spirit”
 By looking at God, His Son and His word.
 See ourselves as God sees us. Have a realistic
  view of ourselves.
 Contemplate standing before Him. We come
  empty, hopeless, naked and vile (Eph. 2:12;
  Rev 3:17)
 Pray
 Consistently and actively attend Bible
  classes and worship services
The Beatitudes & The Gospel of the Kingdom   Matthew 5:1-12

     “Blessed are the poor in spirit” (vs 3)
 This is the first, because it is the key to all the
  beatitudes that follow.
 There is no entry into the Kingdom of heaven apart
  from it.
 There is no one in the Kingdom of heaven who is
  not poor in spirit
 It is the fundamental characteristic of the
  Christian and of the citizen of the Kingdom of
  heaven and all the other characteristics are in a
  sense the result of this one.
The Beatitudes & The Gospel of the Kingdom   Matthew 5:1-12

      “Blessed are those who mourn” (vs 4)

 “Mourn” – (Gr. Pentheo) is the strongest
 word for mourning in all of the Greek New
 Testament. Sometimes translated as
 wailing.
The Beatitudes & The Gospel of the Kingdom         Matthew 5:1-12

      “Blessed are those who mourn” (vs 4)
What it is not….
Financial loss
Sickness or death of loved ones
Loneliness or rejection
Not like King Ahab who wept because Naboth would not
 sell to him his family heritage. (cf. 1 Kings 21:4)
Not like Judas who wept after selling his Lord for 30 pieces
 of silver (cf. Matt. 27:3-5)
The Beatitudes & The Gospel of the Kingdom   Matthew 5:1-12

     “Blessed are those who mourn” (vs 4)
What it is….

Luke 7:36-38
Romans 7:23-24
Psalm 51
                      Psalm 51


3 For I know my transgressions, And my sin is ever
   before me.
4 Against You, You only, I have sinned And done what
   is evil in Your sight
9 Hide Your face from my sins
11 Do not cast me away from Your presence
The Beatitudes & The Gospel of the Kingdom   Matthew 5:1-12

     “Blessed are those who mourn” (vs 4)
What it is….

Luke 7:36-38
Romans 7:23-24
Psalm 51
2 Corinthians 7:9-10
The Beatitudes & The Gospel of the Kingdom       Matthew 5:1-12

      “Blessed are those who mourn” (vs 4)

            2 Corinthians 7:9-10
  “Now I rejoice, not that you were made sorry, but that your
  sorrow led to repentance. For you were made sorry in a
  godly manner, that you might suffer loss from us in nothing.
  10 For godly sorrow produces repentance leading to
  salvation, not to be regretted; but the sorrow of the world
  produces death.”

  (Judas - Matt. 27:3-5 vs Peter - Luke 22:60)
                             Psalm 51
1 Be gracious to me, O God, according to Your loving
kindness; According to the greatness of Your compassion blot out my
transgressions.
2 Wash me thoroughly from my iniquity And cleanse me from my
sin.
7 Purify me with hyssop, and I shall be clean; Wash me, and I shall
be whiter than snow.
8 Make me to hear joy and gladness, Let the bones which You have
broken rejoice.
10 Create in me a clean heart, O God, And renew a steadfast spirit
within me.
11 Do not cast me away from Your presence And do not take
Your Holy Spirit from me.
12 Restore to me the joy of Your salvation And sustain me with a
willing spirit.
14 Deliver me from bloodguiltiness, O God, the God of my
salvation;
The Beatitudes & The Gospel of the Kingdom     Matthew 5:1-12

     “Blessed are those who mourn” (vs 4)
   In what way will the mournful of Matthew 5:4 be
   comforted?
    Isaiah 61:1-3
   Who fulfilled the prophecy? Lk 4:14-21
   II Cor. 1:5: For just as the sufferings of Christ are
     ours in abundance, so also our comfort is
     abundant through Christ.
   Rom 7:24-25: Wretched man that I am! Who will
     set me free from the body of this death? Thanks
     be to God through Jesus Christ our Lord!
The Beatitudes & The Gospel of the Kingdom   Matthew 5:1-12

     “Blessed are those who mourn” (vs 4)
   Psalm 51
   Purification
      Joy
      Strength
      Purpose
                       Psalm 51

12 Restore to me the joy of Your salvation And
 sustain me with a willing spirit.
13Then I will teach transgressors Your ways, And
 sinners will be converted to You.
14 Deliver me from blood-guiltiness, O God, the God of
 my salvation; Then my tongue will joyfully sing of
 Your righteousness.
15 O Lord, open my lips, That my mouth may declare
 Your praise.

				
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