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FROM COLONIES TO COUNTRY

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FROM COLONIES TO COUNTRY Powered By Docstoc
					FROM COLONIES
 TO COUNTRY
THE EVENTS WHICH LED TO THE
   AMERICAN REVOLUTION
THE STUDENTS WILL BE ABLE TO:
   Analyze British economic policies toward the
    American colonies after the French and Indian
    War as a cause of the American Revolution.
   Analyze Colonial protests of British economic
    policies as a cause of the American Revolution.
   Describe the contributions of key individuals to the
    American Revolution.
   Identify bias in written and/or visual materials
                        WHO WERE THE BRITISH
                             LEADERS?
           King George III was the
           reigning monarch during
           the time leading up to,
           during, and right after the
           American Revolution.
           Although he relied on
           Parliament to make
           policies concerning the
           colonies, since he was the
           king he was ultimately
           responsible for what
           happened.


Picture Source: The National Gallery, London
                    WHO WERE THE BRITISH
                         LEADERS?
       Charles Townshend came
       up with a plan which was
       named the Townshend
       Acts. In it, many items
       imported into the colonies
       such as lead, paint, paper,
       tea, and glass were taxed.
       He was also behind the
       Writs of Assistance.



Picture Source: http://www.americanrevwar.homestead.com/files/TOWN.HTML
                    WHO WERE THE BRITISH
                         LEADERS?
       Lord North was Prime
       Minister of Britain
       beginning in 1770. Under
       his leadership Parliament
       passed the Tea Act. This
       eventually led to the
       Boston Tea Party. As a
       result of that, he saw that
       the Coercive Acts were
       passed.


Picture Source: http://www.adw03.dial.pipex.com/pms/north.htm
                        WHAT COLONISTS FIRST
                           RESPONDED?
         Samuel Adams was
         one of the founders of
         the Sons of Liberty.
         He was behind many
         of the protests and
         boycotts that
         happened in Boston.
         He also created the
         Committees of
         Correspondence.


Picture Source: http://www.safran-arts.com/42day/art/art4jul/copley/samadamb.html
                        WHAT COLONISTS FIRST
                           RESPONDED?
          Paul Revere was a man of
          many talents who was
          also a leader of the Sons
          of Liberty. He was
          involved in many of the
          boycotts and protests. He
          also was one of riders who
          put out the alarm that the
          British were going to
          Lexington and Concord.



Picture Source: http://cgfa.sunsite.dk/copley/p-copley25.htm
     WHAT COLONISTS FIRST
        RESPONDED?
Patrick Henry believed
the British were not
allowing the colonists
to have all their rights
guaranteed them in
the English Bill of
Rights. During the
Stamp Act Congress
he began speaking out
against the British.
                          WHAT COLONISTS FIRST
                             RESPONDED?

           John Adams became our
           second president. Before
           the Revolution he was one
           of the representatives to
           the First and Second
           Continental Congress. He
           was also the lawyer for the
           British soldiers involved in
           the Boston Massacre.



Picture Source: http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/ja2.html
           WHAT HAPPENED?
   Mercantilism
   The French and Indian War
   The Proclamation of 1763
   The Quartering Act and Writs of Assistance
   The Sugar and Stamp Acts
   The Townshend Acts
   The Boston Massacre
   The Tea Act
   The Coercive or Intolerable Acts
               MERCANTILISM
   A system where the colonies existed to benefit the
    mother country
   The Navigation Acts were passed so England would
    benefit
   The colonies sent raw materials to England
   The colonies had to buy their manufactured goods from
    England only
   The colonies had to move their goods on English ships
   The Triangular Trade started as a way for the colonies
    to make money to pay for their manufactured goods
                                       MERCANTILISM




Picture Source: http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/graphics/triangulartrade.jpg
THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR
   The fight for control of the Ohio River
    Valley
   The French got many Native American
    tribes to fight against the English and the
    colonists
   The colonists and the English defeated the
    French
   The war was very expensive
         THE PROCLAMATION OF 1763
           At the end of the war
           France had given up all its
           claims to land east of the
           Mississippi River. The
           land between the
           Mississippi and the
           Appalachian Mountains
           was now Indian Territory.
           Colonists were forbidden
           from crossing the
           Appalachians and settling
           in the new Indian lands.


Map Source: http://www.civics-online.org/library/formatted/images/13_colonies.html
      THE QUARTERING ACT AND
        WRITS OF ASSISTANCE
   Colonists were required to take soldiers into their
    homes and provide them with a bed and food
   The soldiers were “protecting” the colonists from
    the possibility of attack
   The colonists could not refuse
   Writs of Assistance were used to search colonists
    homes for smuggled goods and other contraband
   Colonists felt the writs were invasions of their
    privacy
 THE SUGAR AND STAMP ACTS
 Britain needed money
 To raise money the British placed a tariff
  on Sugar items which only the colonists
  had to pay
 The Stamp Act placed a tax on all printed
  documents
 The colonists refused to pay
    THE STAMP ACT CONGRESS
   Representatives from nine of the colonies
    meet to discuss problem
   They decide to boycott British goods
   A petition is sent to Parliament protesting
    the tax
   The Sons of Liberty actively protest by
    burning the tax collectors in effigy
   The Act is Repealed
       THE TOWNSHEND ACTS
   A tax was placed on items such as paint,
    lead, glass, and tea
   The colonists boycotted
   The tax was repealed on all items except
    tea
       THE BOSTON MASSACRE
   March 1770, colonists start throwing “snowballs”
    and taunting British soldiers in front of Customs
    House
   Soldiers respond by firing into the crowd
   Five colonists are killed
   The soldiers are arrested and put on trial
   John Adams is their lawyer
   The soldiers are found guilty but given light
    sentences
               THE BOSTON MASSACRE




       The Customs House and the actual spot where the
       colonists fell.

Picture Source: Private Pictures of Lynne Zalesak
               THE BOSTON MASSACRE
         This drawing was
         done by Paul Revere.
         Does it accurately
         show what happened
         at the Boston
         Massacre? If you
         were a colonist and
         saw this for the first
         time, what would you
         think? Why do you
         think he drew it this
         way?

Picture Source: www.earlyamerica.com
                THE TEA ACT
   A tariff is placed on tea
   The colonists refuse to pay
   The British try to force the colonists to pay
   The Sons of Liberty hold the “Boston Tea
    Party”
                                THE TEA ACT
       What action is taking
       place in the cartoon?
       What are the two men
       sanding up trying to
       make the other man
       do? Does the cartoon
       reflect how the
       colonists felt about the
       Tea Act?

Picture Source: www.earlyamerica.com
THE COERCIVE OR INTOLERABLE
           ACTS
   Townshend demanded that the people of
    Boston pay for the tea
   The Coercive Acts were made as
    punishment for the Boston Tea Party
   The Port of Boston was closed
   No contact with the other colonies was
    allowed
   The Quartering Act was enforced
RESULTS OF THE COERCIVE ACTS
   Samuel Adams’ Committees of Correspondence
    became very active
   Other colonies sent supplies to help the people of
    Boston
   The First Continental Congress was held in
    Philadelphia
   Instead of driving a wedge between the colonies,
    the Coercive Acts actually brought the colonies
    together

				
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