The Uses Of Ser by SWatson033

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									English-Spanish Helpful Handouts                                                                                    Page 1 of 9

                                                                 The Uses Of Ser

Ser is used when Be is followed by a noun.




                                  Es un día bonito.
                                  (It’s a beautiful day.)




Ser is used to describe what is permanent, inherent, or characteristic.




                                    El hielo es frío.
                                    (Ice is cold.)




Ser is used to tell the hour, day, and date.




                                 Es el lunes, el veintinueve de julio.
                                 (It’s July 29th.)




Ser is used to talk about place of origin.




                                      Soy de Chile.
                                      (I’m from Chile.)


                                                                                                                          .




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D. Sharon Pruitt
English-Spanish Helpful Handouts                                                                                    Page 2 of 9

                                                                 The Uses Of Ser

Ser is used to express possession.




                                       El coche es mío.
                                       (The car is mine.)




Ser is used with impersonal expressions.




                                  Es posible.
                                  (It’s possible.)




Ser is used to describe size and physical characteristics. It tells what something is made of.




                                  Esta casa es de ladrillos.
                                  (This house is brick.)




Ser is used to talk about religious and political affiliation.




                                                      Son católicas.
                                                      (They’re catholic.)




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D. Sharon Pruitt
English-Spanish Helpful Handouts                                                                                    Page 3 of 9

                                                                 The Uses Of Ser

Ser is used to talk about nationality.




                          Ella es china.
                          (She’s Chinese.)




Ser is used to describe relationships.



                                  Ellos son mis padres.
                                  (They are my parents.)




Ser is used to describe personality characteristics.



                                          Ustedes son cómicos.
                                          (You’re funny.)




Ser is used to talk about profession.



                                     Es soldado.
                                     (He’s a soldier.)




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D. Sharon Pruitt
English-Spanish Helpful Handouts                                                                                    Page 4 of 9

                                                                 The Uses Of Ser

Ser is used to define or identify people, places, and things.



                                       Éstas son flores.
                                       (These are flowers.)




Ser is used to describe the natural color of something.




                                La leche es blanca.
                                (Milk is white.)




Ser is used to say where an event is taking place.



                             La fiesta es en la casa de Paula.
                             (The party is at Paula’s house.)




Ser is used in passive voice constructions to describe an action by a doer, that is an agent. The agent is introduced
by por.



                                       Los papeles son arreglados por el secretario cada mañana.
                                       (The papers are arranged by the secretary every morning.)




Free handout - http://sites.google.com/site/englishspanishhelpfulhandouts. Written by S. Watson. Photos: Google Images (Creative Commons License) and
D. Sharon Pruitt
English-Spanish Helpful Handouts                                                                                    Page 5 of 9

                                                                 The Uses Of Ser

Many adjectives can be used with either ser or estar. The meaning changes depending on the verb you choose.

                    Ser                                               Estar

abierto             frank                                             open
aburrido            boring                                            bored
alegre              lighthearted                                      happy
alto                tall, high                                        in a high position
atento              courteous                                         attentive
bajo                short, low                                        in a low position
borracho            drunkard                                          drunk
bueno               good (character)                                  well (health)
callado             taciturn                                          silent
cansado             tiresome                                          tired
cerrado             narrow-minded                                     closed
cierto              sure                                              true
consciente          aware                                             conscious (awake)
despierto           alert, sharp                                      awake
enfermo             invalid                                           unwell
interesado          self-seeking                                      interested
limpio              well-groomed                                      clean
listo               clever                                            ready
loco                silly (character)                                 frantic
mal                 bad (character)                                   sick (health)
molesto             annoying                                          bothered
nuevo               newly-made                                        unused
muerto              killed in action                                  dead
orgulloso           proud (derogatory)                                proud of someone/something
preparado           ready, prepared                                   learned
rico                rich                                              delicious
seguro              safe, reliable                                    assured, confident
simpático           likeable (character)                              libkable a the present time
triste              dull                                              sad
verde               green                                             not ripe
violento            violent                                           embarrassed
vivo                lively                                            alive




Free handout - http://sites.google.com/site/englishspanishhelpfulhandouts. Written by S. Watson. Photos: Google Images (Creative Commons License) and
D. Sharon Pruitt
English-Spanish Helpful Handouts                                                                                    Page 6 of 9

                                                                 The Uses Of Ser

Matching.
Instructions: Match each sentence with the reason that it uses ser. (The answers are on page 9.)


a. Los formularios son llenados por los empleados.                              __c__ Inherent characteristic

b. La falda es de lana.                                                         _____ Hour, date, or day

c. El hierro es duro.                                                           _____ Origin

d. Es Español.                                                                  _____ Possesion

e. Son las cinco y media.                                                       _____ Impersonal Expression

f. El cristal es mío.                                                           _____ Describes what something is made of

g. ¿De dónde eres?                                                              _____ Religious or political affiliation

h Es verdad.                                                                    _____ Nationality

i Es médico.                                                                    _____ Relationship

j. Ella es amable.                                                              _____ Personality characteristic.

k. Madrid es la capital de España.                                              _____ Profession

l. El baile es en la universidad.                                               _____ Definition

m. Las manzanas son rojas.                                                      _____ Natural color

n. Esos señores son protestantes.                                               _____ Location of an event

o. Vosotros sois mis hermanos.                                                  _____ Passive voice




Free handout - http://sites.google.com/site/englishspanishhelpfulhandouts. Written by S. Watson. Photos: Google Images (Creative Commons License) and
D. Sharon Pruitt
English-Spanish Helpful Handouts                                                                                    Page 7 of 9

                                                                 The Uses Of Ser

Letter Tiles.
Instructions: Read the hint. Unscramble the tiles to reveal a sentence. Write the sentence on the line provided.
(The answers are on page 9.)
Example:
(Hint): This sentence tells what my desk is made of.




Mi escritorio es de madera.

1 (Hint): This sentence tells to whom the book belongs.




______________________________________________________________________________


2 (Hint): This is an impersonal expression.




________________________________________________________________________________


3 (Hint): This sentence describes a man with an inherent characteristic of sincerity.




_________________________________________________________________________________


4 (Hint). This sentence describes a family relationship.




________________________________________________________________________________



Free handout - http://sites.google.com/site/englishspanishhelpfulhandouts. Written by S. Watson. Photos: Google Images (Creative Commons License) and
D. Sharon Pruitt
English-Spanish Helpful Handouts                                                                                    Page 8 of 9


                                                                 The Uses Of Ser

5 (Hint): This sentence describes a friend’s profession as an engineer.




_______________________________________________________________________________________


6 (Hint): This sentence tells the time.




________________________________________________________________________________________________


7 (Hint): This sentence uses gender to identify someone.




_______________________________________________________________________________________________



Double Puzzle.
Instructions: Unscramble each of the clue sentences. Copy the letters in the numbered cells to the other cells with
the same number. (The answers are on page 9.)
(Hint): The first sentence is an impersonal expression about the time. The second sentence defines a person by
gender. The third sentence tells what a dress is made of.




Free handout - http://sites.google.com/site/englishspanishhelpfulhandouts. Written by S. Watson. Photos: Google Images (Creative Commons License) and
D. Sharon Pruitt
English-Spanish Helpful Handouts                                                                                    Page 9 of 9

                                                                 The Uses Of Ser

Las Respuestas

Matching
  c
  e
  g
  f
  h
  b
  n
  d
  o
  j
  i
  m
  l
  a

Letter Tiles
    1. El libro es de la muchacha.
    2. Es importante.
    3. Es un hombre sincero.
    4. Ellos son primos.
    5. Eres ingeniero.
    6. Es la una.
    7. Ella es una mujer.

Double Puzzle
   1. Es tarde.
   2. Es un hombre
   3. El vestido es de seda.




Free handout - http://sites.google.com/site/englishspanishhelpfulhandouts. Written by S. Watson. Photos: Google Images (Creative Commons License) and
D. Sharon Pruitt

								
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