Eco-labels and GPP - EUROPA - Eu by fjhuangjun


									European Commission – DG ENV

       The EU ECO-LABEL
   in Green Public Procurement

         Athina Koutroumani
     Brussels, 29 September 2005
          What is the Flower?

 Created in 1992
 Voluntary
 Valid across EU, Norway, Iceland,
 Covers goods and services (not food and
 Type-I environmental label: certified by
  independent third party, not a self-claim
 Transparent process: multi-stakeholder
               The Flower...

 ... distinguishes environmentally friendly,
  high quality products
 ... helps consumers and purchasers to find
  green products easily
 ... guarantees reliable information
 ... offers competitive advantage to
  producers of eco-labelled products
       Wider policy background

            2002 World Summit
        on Sustainable Development
             in Johannesburg
 Jo’burg Plan of Implementation:
   “Adopt on a voluntary basis effective,
    transparent, verifiable, non-misleading and
    non-discriminatory consumer information tools
    to provide information relating to sustainable
    consumption and production”
       Wider policy background

 6th Environmental Action Programme
  “Our future, our choice” :
   “Encourages the uptake of eco-labels that allow
    consumers to compare environmental
    performance between products of the same
   Eco-labelling is part of the Thematic Strategy on
    the sustainable use of resources
   Relevant to waste prevention policy
       Wider policy background

 Integrated Product Policy (IPP)
   Is based on Life Cycle Approach to minimise
    environmental impacts
   Requires participation of stakeholders
   Provides for a variety of tools to be used

      The eco-label is one such tool!
       Links with other instruments

 Environmental Public Procurement:
  use criteria set out by the Scheme when defining performance-
  based or functional environmental requirements

 Environmental Technologies Action Plan (ETAP):
  design and implementation of performance targets

 Eco-design of Energy-using Products:
  designing the implementing measures

 Community Eco-Management and Audit Scheme
             Who is in charge?

 European Union Eco-labelling Board
   European Commission
   Member State level: Competent Bodies
      Criteria development
      Award
   Interest groups: environmental NGOs,
    consumers’ associations, SMEs...
   Industry
             How does it work?

 Criteria development
     Defined for each product group
     Multi-criteria
     Participation of interested groups
     Based on Life Cycle Considerations
     Formal adoption by the European Commission
      (Commission Decision)
                    How does it work?
 Flower labelled Product/Service:

    Certified good environmental
     quality and guaranteed
     technical performance

    Generates less environmental
     impacts on air, water, soil
     and human health throughout
     its life cycle, from raw
     material extraction to end of
     life (“from cradle to grave”)

    Added value: usage cost
     generally lower than average
             How does it work?

 Awarding
  process for                                   Promotion /
  Manufacturers                                  Marketing

                                    Compliance monitoring

                     Eco-label award for one or more products

                        Evaluation of application

                  Submission of application
     Criteria defined for 23 Product Groups
 Household appliances (4)     Personal computers
 Detergents (4)               Portable computers
 Bed mattresses               Televisions
 Textiles                     Light bulbs
 Footwear                     Tissue paper
 Indoor paints & varnishes    Copying paper
 Hard floor coverings         Tourist accommodation
 Soil improvers               Campsites
 Lubricants

 In the pipeline
     Wooden furniture
     Heat pumps
     Soaps and shampoos
     Printed paper

 2000
     15 product group criteria established
     53 companies
     17 million articles bearing the Flower
     38 million euro ex-factory sales
 2004
     23 product group criteria established
     226 companies
     Estimated 400 million articles bearing the Flower
     Estimated 700 million ex-factory sales
 2005 (to date)
   260 companies
                 number of licences

                       Number of companies







                                              Number of companies

             0    50      100           150             200         250
                       articles sold

                             Millions of articles/items sold







                                                      Millions of articles/items sold


             0   50    100        150           200        250                 300      350   400
                 ex-factory sales value

                              Ex-factory sales value (€ million)






                                               Ex-factory sales value (€ million)


             0    100   200         300          400                  500           600   700
           awards per Product Group
   Textiles                                                      68
   Paints & varnishes                                            45
   Tourist accommodation service                                 28
   All-purpose & sanitary cleaners                               21
   Soil improvers                                                20
   Hand dishwashing detergents                                   14
   Tissue paper                                                  12
   Laundry detergents, Footwear                                  10
   Dishwashing detergents                                         7
   Bed mattresses, Copying paper                                  6
   Campsite service                                               5
   Hard floor coverings                                           3
   Dishwashers, Refrigerators, Light bulbs, TVs, Lubricants      1
   Portable&Personal computers, Washing machines, Vacuum Cleaners 0
                  awards per country
   Italy                                                             61
   Denmark                                                           53
   France                                                            48
   Spain                                                             17
   Sweden                                                            15
   Greece                                                            14
   The Netherlands                                                   12
   Austria                                                             9
   Germany                                                             8
   Portugal                                                            5
   Belgium, UK                                                         4
   Norway, Finland                                                     3
   Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland                                     1
   Cyprus, Estonia, Iceland, Ireland, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania,
    Luxembourg, Malta, Slovakia, Slovenia                               0
             Marketing / Promotion

 Targeted Marketing activities aiming at…
 Raising the level of awareness
 Encouraging businesses to apply for the EU eco-label

 Eco-label Campaign 2004
    Phase 1: contact new potential manufacturers to apply for the
     EU Eco-label
    Phase 2: European Flower Week in October 2004

 Participation in Fairs & Trade Events
              Marketing / Promotion

 Helpdesk
       Very thorough information
 E-catalogue:
       Aimed at consumers
       Focused on tourism
 Information material
         Leaflets
         Newsletter
         Info-kits
         Mouse pads, bags, T-shirts...
           EU Eco-label in GPP

  The Public Procurement Directives (2004/17/ EC
  and 2004/18/EC) explicitly allow you to use the
  underlying specifications of eco-labels when
  defining performance-based or functional
  environmental requirements, provided that:

 the specifications are appropriate for defining
  the characteristics of the supplies or services
  covered by the contract;
           EU Eco-label in GPP

 the requirements for the label are based on
  scientific information;
 the eco-labels are adopted with the participation
  of all stakeholders, such as government bodies,
  consumers, manufacturers, distributors and
  environmental organisations;
 they are accessible to all interested parties.

  The EU Eco-label meets all these requirements.
                How to use
          the EU Eco-label in GPP

  The online catalogue Green Store

 You can easily locate all eco-labelled products
  per country per category
  on the Online catalogue Green Store
 Currently available in 11 languages of EU-15
 250,000 hits per month

  Thus, you can directly know the size of the market
  of potential suppliers.
Search engine
Example of a product page
Example of a completed retailers list
                How to use
          the EU Eco-label in GPP

 In the elaboration of the technical specifications
    In order to define the characteristics of the products or
     service considered,
    you can directly cut and paste the relevant EU Eco-label
     criteria into the technical specifications

 The EU Eco-label will be allowed as a way of proving
  compliance with the specifications.

 Remark: Contracting authorities cannot require
  tenderers to be registered under a certain eco-label
                How to use
          the EU Eco-label in GPP
 Example: call for tenders of all-purpose cleaners

       Go to the all-purpose cleaners page of the Eco-label web
                       How to use
                 the EU Eco-label in GPP
   A summary of the criteria can be
    found in the general description of
    the product group
   The complete criteria are available
    in all the EU languages
                 How to use
           the EU Eco-label in GPP

 The EU Eco-label can also be used as a
  benchmark against which to assess offers at the
  award stage.

 Example: call for tenders of light bulbs

  The EU eco-label criteria for light bulbs require that they
  should have an average life-span of 10 000 hours. When
  reflecting this in a call for tender for light bulbs, 10 000
  hours could be set as the technical specification for the
  minimum life span, and a bonus point could be given in
  the award criteria for every 1 000 hours over and above
  10 000.
                    Success Stories

   The city of Dunkerque, France
   (Group of 18 municipalities, 12 241 inhabitants, Number of
   employees : 1 319 agents):
  procurement of ecological detergents.
 Political act: adoption of a commitment relative to
   sustainable development in public procurement
 General approach:
                              Research of
              Research of      ecological
                              alternatives     Study of the

 Demand of the
  purchasing                                    Setting of the market
  department                                   in function of the offer
                   Success Stories

   Reasons for choosing this product category:
       Test tender (all purpose cleaners, window cleaners…)
       Existence of ecological criteria
   Identified environmental issues
       Limitation of water pollution
   Characteristics inserted in the technical
       High biodegradability rate
       Natural substances
       Limitation of the use of hazardous substances for the
        environment and health (based on the DID-list)
                  Success Stories

   Used reference
       European Eco-label (some criteria)

   Demand of samples to test the efficiency of the

   Results
       Necessity to divide the tender into lots, to ensure
        SMEs will answer
       No over-cost
       Very positive feedback from employees: efficiency and
        lack of respiratory and skin irritations
     EU Eco-label activities in GPP

 Production of leaflets about the use of the EU
  Eco-label in GPP
 Guidelines on EU Eco-label in GPP (under
 Presentation/training material on EU Eco-label in
  GPP (under development).
 Establish contact with networks like Sustainable
  Cities, Eurocities, ACRR and CEMR, ICLEI, UK
  National Audit Office and other GPP networks
 Case studies on the implementation of GPP on a
  local level (e.g. city of Angers)
    Other Type-I Eco-label Schemes

 Other national eco-label schemes in the EU:
 Finland, Sweden, Denmark and Norway run the
  "Nordic Swan"
 The German Eco-label -"Der Blaue Engel"
 The Austrian Eco-label - "Umweltzeichen"
 The Hungarian Eco-label
 The Czech Republic Eco-label…

 At a Global level....
 .... the Global Eco-labelling Network - GEN - is a
  non-profit making association, founded in 1994 to
  improve and develop the eco-labelling of products.
For more information
Thank you for your attention!

      Any questions?

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