Gender, Sex, and Nature Lecture 3 • LINK Male mouse from two female mice http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/08/070819213846.htm • LINK gecko Geico commercial http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=acCfnwTpdxU We are not always “accountable” to gender. For example, geckoes are an all-female species; they clone themselves and require no male counterpart, parthenogenesis. Yet, we represent them in commercials with a male voice. Mostly, though, westerners are very concerned with getting these accountabilites “right.” Parthenogensis: e.g., roses, oranges, aphids, geckoes, ... • Announcements • A photo speaks a thousand words •Lecture PART 1 – FINISH LECTURE 2 (start at slide #24) PART 2 – LECTURE 3 – the short link between gender and sexuality 1 Meston, C.M. and Buss, D.M. (2007). Why humans have sex. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 36 (4), 477-507. 2 NET Bean, M. (2007). Love lessons from the wild kingdom: 5 primal ways to boost your animal magnetism. Men’s Health, 22 (4), 64-65. http://www.menshealth.com/men/sex-relationships/better-sex/animal-mating- behavior/article/88af9b5a22522110VgnVCM10000013281eac Tensions and Ironies…the stuff of sociology RECAP LECTURE 3 – IF GENDER ISN’T NATURAL, IS SEX? THAT IS, IF GENDER IS SOCIALLY CONSTRUCTED, IS SEX, TOO? SMUO Meston, C.M. and Buss, D.M. (2007). Why humans have sex. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 36 (4), 477-507. • Authors: Why we have sex has What can be said about the study’s sample of 1,549? been underestimated and • Who were the participants? Isp. there a bias here? See article, understudied. 479 It is more complex than we • RESULTS: GENDER COMPARISONS think, if we allow ourselves Most of the top 25 reasons for having sex showed significant to think outside the gender similarities … biological, pre-determined BUT - MANY DIFFERENCES WERE box. Still, there are variables DISCOVERED … that strongly support evolution, reinforcing the need for ecological dialogue. Main Differences and examples of sociological questions 1. Men operate more on physicalities, such as attractiveness. This supports the evolutionary hypothesis that males are aroused by visual and other sensual cues around potential fertility and genetic strength. But, how does that theory include or exclude blind heterosexual males or elderly males without a good sense of smell who want to have sex? 2. Men operated under the “availability” variable; if women are available to have sex, then, why not have sex? But, what kind of pressure does this place on women? 3. Women wanted to have sex to fulfill more emotional reasons. Does this surprise you? What kind of pressure does that put on men? 4. Men were interested in having sex if women were not interested in demanding emotionality from them. What does this say about “emotional” men? What does it say about the stereotypes around gay males? READING: Bean, M. (2007). Love lessons from the wild kingdom: 5 primal ways to boost your animal magnetism. Men’s Health, 22 (4), 64- 65. Link to reading Is this a sociological article? Are these “love” lessons or sex lessons? To whom is this article aimed; that is, who is its intended audience? What is the main message? TENSIONS: • Which animals and mating “tips” might be suggested for: women? gay men and lesbians? transpeople? So, how “natural” is sex? Next Class • Assignment Details • Ecological Dialogue Practice Sheets • Reading Bell, D. and Holliday, R. (2000). Naked as nature intended. Body and Society, 6 (3/4), 127-140.
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