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The Governance of the European Union theories_ practices and myths


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									Scientific coordination                                           Organization Office
Prof. Carlo Ruzza                                                 Giulia Bigot
Prof. Simona Piattoni                                             Milena Bigatto
Prof. Vincent Della Sala                                          University of Trento
University of Trento                                              Department of Sociology and Social Research
Department of Sociology and Social Research                       Piazza Venezia 41, Trento
Piazza Venezia 41, Trento                                         cinefogo@soc.unitn.it

               The Governance of the European Union:
                    theories, practices and myths
                                          (Work Package 38Y)

           European Commission, DG RTD, Square de Meeus 8, room 0/4
                 Renaissance Brussels Hotel, Rue du Parnasse 19
                                1050 Bruxelles

                                         25-26 January 2008

The Department of Sociology and Social Research of the University of Trento (Italy) and the Institute
for Social Research ISF of Oslo (Norway) are pleased to announce the CINEFOGO WP38Y
Workshop on “The Governance of the European Union: Theories, practices and myths” that will take
place in Brussels on 25-26 January 2008.
The workshop aims to shed light on the transformations of European system of governance, paying
attention to both political and discursive practices. The workshop will start with an opening plenary
session on Friday afternoon, followed by three thematic sessions that will continue on Saturday
morning. It will close on Saturday afternoon with an ending plenary.

Opening Plenary Session:
 “The Governance of the European Union: Governance and legitimacy”
Since Maastricht new instruments enriched the governance of the European Union, with the aim of
narrowing the gap between citizens and institutions and tackling issues that could not be addressed
through the conventional “community method”. This plethora of new instruments has been
accompanied by massive “discursive investment” on the part of the Commission in the creation of
“myths” that, too, serve to create both a linkage with citizens and legitimize EU activities. The plenary
session introduces the discussion that will be developed in three workshops concerning different
aspects of the phenomenon.
Workshop 1:
 “Multi-level Governance: theory and practice”
The concept of Multi-Level Governance (MLG) has been proposed as a useful concept to understand
some of the decision-making dynamics within the European Union. It has been applied to an increasing
number of policy areas (not only regional policy, but also environmental policy) and different settings
(not just within the European Union, but also in the wider international context), and the number of
scholars using it has veritably exploded.
The concept of MLG proved useful to address a wide range of questions about the working of
European institutions and inter-institutional dynamics, the new opportunities for sub-national actors
and civil society organisations. The term has aptly provided a descriptor for a set of phenomena which
would have been, otherwise, unnamed. As such, it has been deemed as a useful “heuristic” concept: a
concept which allows us to see developments which challenge our conventional wisdom about the
nature of current decision-making processes and the location and the wielding of authoritative power.
This session would like to bring together a group of scholars who, in their respective fields of expertise,
have tried to assess the magnitude and the depth of the changes brought about by MLG in the ways in
which authoritative decisions are made, participation is elicited, representativeness is ensured, efficacy is
pursued and legitimacy is sought.

Workshop 2:
“Mythologizing the European Union”
Like all polities, the European Union has had to construct a mythology to mobilise support, legitimize
political rule and provide a sense of purpose for a structure that increasingly governs large parts of the
lives of close to 500 million citizens. However, the EU is distinct in that it does not have many of
founding myths that have been part of the national state experience and, more importantly, its
mythology might even be in competition with the latter. In addition, the construction and narration of
the EU’s mythology is in the hands of a range of actors, from the Commission to civil society
organizations to the member states themselves.
The aim of this session is to examine the interaction between the creation of European myths at the
European level, and their narration at the national level. It will focus on a select group of foundational
myths that have been central to the European project: democratic Europe; peaceful Europe; social
Europe; liberal Europe; green Europe; a Europe of regions; gender equality. The conference (and
subsequent publications) would be structured around these themes, with contributions looking at both
the European construction (who are the actors, what are the discursive arenas, what are the discursive
practices…) and how these are then narrated in national settings (who are the actors, what are the
discursive arenas, what are the discursive practices…). The central question to be explored is whether
there is a disjuncture between the European construction and the national narration of these myths,
and what might be its source. Clearly, not all national cases can be considered but select cases
appropriate to theme being discussed will be examined. For instance, in the case of democratic Europe,
one or more of the recent enlargement countries would seem appropriate.

Workshop 3:
“Social Movements Institutionalisation and the European Union”
Social movements and public interest groups are becoming increasingly prominent actors at EU level.
The literature highlights that over recent decades many social movements groups underwent processes
of professionalization and institutionalization, which have put them in collaborative but also
competitive relations with public interest groups and other advocacy-oriented organizations. This has
lead to the formation of mixed advocacy coalitions, and to the emergence of articulated action
repertoires and complex relations with policy makers. We are interested in assessing the contribution of
social movements and social movement-related advocacy coalitions to policy making at EU level.
This section will therefore explore the discourse, political opportunities, action repertoires and
outcomes of social movements at EU level. We will focus both on textual analysis of the production of
social movements in their attempt to shape EU policy and on examinations of policy events that have
attracted significant efforts from social movement groups and public interest groups with a social
movement back ground such as the women movement, environmental movement and consumer
movement. It will also explore variables that orient the choices of action repertoires.
The first day of the conference will explore the impact of EU level social movements on policy making
in Brussels, their constraints and political opportunities.
The second day of this session will focus on the institutionalisation of social movements, their
professionalisation and their relations with state authorities at various levels of governance – not only at
the EU level but also examining the role of the EU and its multi-level governance structure. Speakers
will address this issue with reference to key examples ranging from urban anti-poverty grassroots
movements in the UK to environmental movements in Norway.

Closing Plenary Session:
“The White Paper on Governance: Seven Years After” and final round table discussion
The White Paper on Governance represents one of the most discussed policy documents of the recent
years. From 2001 onwards, a growing number of scholars with an interest in European studies
highlighted its potential for innovation as well as its ambiguities. It has been related to the EU discourse
on citizenship, participation, processes of policy-making, the inclusion of civil society. In short, its
impact on academic literature has been remarkable. Seven years after its appearance it is time for some
reflection on the impact of the White Paper on European governance and on its future prospect. This
session will address the current relevance of the ideas of the White Paper, investigate its influence, and
assess whether it needs to be updated it in the light of recent events and recent academic debate. In this
context, the reflections of the thematic groups who worked in preparation of the white paper will also
be examined.

Accommodation and Meeting Rooms:
Renaissance Brussels Hotel, Rue du Parnasse 19, 1050 - Brussels
European Commission, DG RTD, Square de Meeus 8, room 0/4, 1050 - Brussels
Metro Trône or Maalbeek

                                                                              Rond Point Schuman
                                                                              Bus to Airport

 Eu Commission                                          Parliament
 DG Research
                                              Brussels Hotel
Opening Plenary session:
“The Governance of the European Union: Governance and legitimacy”

European Commission, DG RTD, Square de Meeus 8, room 0/4
25 January
2.00 – 4.00 pm
Chair: Carlo Ruzza

Mark Gilbert: University of Trento - The Progressive Myths of European Integration: a Critical Analysis

Opening remarks by section organizers: Carlo Ruzza, Vincent Della Sala, Simona Piattoni

General Discussion

                 Workshop 1:                       Workshop 2:                            Workshop 3:
                  “Multi-level Governance:                 “Mythologizing                 “Social Movements Institutionalisation
                    theory and practice”                the European Union”                     and the European Union”

                                                                                                 Renaissance Brussels Hotel
                  Renaissance Brussels Hotel          Renaissance Brussels Hotel
25 January
4.00 – 5.00 pm   Coffee break
5.00 – 7.00 pm   Chair: Ian Bache                  Chair: Vincent Della Sala              Chair: Karl Henrik Sivesind

                 Simona Piattoni                   Vincent Della Sala                     Karl Henrik Sivesind
                 University of Trento              Carlo Ruzza                            Institute for Social Research (ISF)
                 Dep. Sociology and Social         University of Trento                   Oslo
                 Research                          Dep. Sociology and Social              From Membership to Management in
                 Introduction and Research         Research                               Europe? A Comparative Analysis of
                 Agenda                            Introduction                           Professionalization, Public Funding and
                 MLG: a conceptual analysis                                               Economic Significance of Civil Society
                                                   Tom Gallagher                          Organizations
                 Charlie Jeffery                   University of Bradford
                 University of Edinburgh           School of Social & International       Jeremy Kendall
                 School of Social and              Studies - Peace Studies                University of Kent
                 Political Studies                 Mythology and Democratic Europe        School of Social Policy, Sociology and
                 A Regional Rescue of the Nation                                          Social Research
                 State?                            Stijn Smismans                         Cross Cutting Third Sector Policy in
                                                   University of Cardiff                  Brussels: Governance Work in Progress
                                                   School of Law
                                                   Mythology and the Europe of            Carlo Ruzza
                                                   Fundamental Rights                     University of Trento
                                                                                          Dep. Sociology and Social Research
                                                                                          Advocacy and Institutionalised Social
                                                                                          Movements at EU level
20.30            Social dinner
26 January
9.00-10.30 am    Chair: Beate-Kohler Koch          Chair: Vincent Della Sala              Chair: Carlo Ruzza

                 Ian Bache                         Andrea Lenschow                        Ronald Holzhacker
                 University of Sheffield           Carina Sprungk                         University of Twente
                 Dep. of Politics                  University of Osnabrueck               Dep. of Political Science
                 Researching Multi-level           Faculty of Social Sciences             The institutionalization of gay and lesbian
                 Governance                        The myth of Green Europe               civil society organizations in Western and
                                                                                          Eastern Europe, and transnational links
                 Patrick LeGalès                   Lara Scarpitta                         between national Organizations
                 Center for political research     Centre for Russian and East
                 at Sciences Po, Paris             European Studies University of         Alison Woodward
                 Title                             Birmingham                             Vesalius College and University of
                                                   Mythology and European Security        Vrije - Brussel
                                                                                          Coping with race and gender in Civil
                                                                                     Dialogue: the role of the European Economic
                                                                                     and Social Committee
10.30-11.00 pm   Coffee break
11.00-12:30 am   Chair: Simona Piattoni           Chair: Mark Gilbert                Chair Carlo Ruzza

                 Emanuela Bozzini                 Erik Jones                         Louisa Parks
                 University of Trento             Johns Hopkins University, School   European university Institute, Italy
                 Dep. Sociology and Social        of Advanced International          Campaigning in the EU: Evidence on The
                 Research                         Studies, Bologna Center            Outcomes of Social and Environmental
                 Multi-level governance and the   Mythology and Economic Europe      Campaigns in a Transnational Arena
                 Common Agricultural Policy
                                                  Daniel Wincott                     Marylin Taylor
                 Martin Potůček                   University of Birmingham           University of the West of England
                 Charles University, Prague       Dep. of Political Science and      Cities, Research Centre Faculty of the
                 Faculty of Social Sciences       International Studies              Built Environment
                 Governance in the Czech          Mythology and Social Europe        The Institutionalisation of the Community
                 Republik                                                            Sector in the UK

                                                                                     William Maloney
                                                                                     University of Newcastle
                                                                                     School of Geography, Politics and
                                                                                     The Democratic Contribution of
                                                                                     Professionalized Representation:
                                                                                     Recruitment as Disengagement?
12.30 am –       Lunch Buffet
2.00 pm

Closing Plenary Session:
“The White Paper on Governance: Seven Years After” and final round table discussion”

European Commission, DG RTD, Square de Meeus 8, room 0/4

26 January
2.00 – 4.00 pm
Chair: Carlo Ruzza
Angela Liberatore - EU Commission
Stefaan De Rynck - EU Commission
Discussants: Simona Piattoni, Hèlén Michel, Saila Tykkyläinen, Giulia Bigot and Milena Bigatto

Round Table discussion with representatives of EU institutions and NGOs
Anne Hoel - Social Platform
Regula Heggli - Act4europe, Civil Society Contact Group
Pascale Charhon – ENAR, European Network Against Racism


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