ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK TAR: VIE 25271 PROPOSED TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE (Financed from the Japan Special Fund) TO THE SOCIALiST REPUBLIC OF VIET NAM FOR THE RED RIVER BASIN WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT PROJECT August 1997 CURRENCY EQUIVALENTS (as of 1 June 1997) Currency Unit - Dong (0) D1.00 = $0.00009 $1.00 = D11,100 In this Report, a rate of $1.00 = Dli ,100 has been used. This was the rate generally prevailing during fact-finding for the technical assistance. ABBREVIATIONS DWRM - Department of Water Resources Management GIS - Geographic Information Systems IWRM - Integrated Water Resources Management MARD - Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development MPI - Ministry of Planning and Investment NGO - Nongcvernment Organization PRC - People's Republic of China RBO - River Basin Organization TA - Technical Assistance WRDD - Water Resources Data Directory WEIGHTS AND MEASURES ha - hectare m3Is - cubic meter per second NOTES (i) The fiscal year (FY) of the Government ends on 31 December. (ii) In this Report, "$" refers to US dollars. I. INTRODUCTION 1. The Government of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam has requested Bank advisory technical assistance (TA) to improve its capability for water resources management in the Red River Basin. An understanding was reached with the Government on the objectives, scope, cost estimates, implementation arrangements, and terms of reference during TA Fact- findin in April 1997. The proposed TA is included in the Bank's 1997 TA program for Viet Nam. II. BACKGROUND AND RATIONALE 2. The rapid pace of development in Viet Nam presents significant challenges to the management of its natural resources. The economic reform program introduced in the late 1980s has promoted increased agricultural production, fostered industrial growth, and laid the foundation for sustained economic development. The country is expected to move from an agricultural base to one that is more urban and industrial, accompanied by rising real incomes and improved living standards. The population will almost double over the next three decades. These changes will place enormous pressures on the country's natural resources, and managing water resources effectively will become increasingly important, A water resources sector review undertaken jointly by the Bank, 2 World Bank, Food and Agriculture Organization, United Nations Development Programme and nongovernment organizations has highlighted the challenges, including dry season water shortages, salinity intrusion, flooding, deteriorating water quality, land use changes, and rapidly increasing municipal and industrial demand. 3. Addressing these challenges will require a strong institutional framework. At present, however, the agencies involved in water resources management have roles and responsibilities that are neither clearly defined nor comprehensive. 3 Coordination and communication among agencies are weak, decision-making tends to focus on single purpose subsectoral objectives, and inaccessibility to water-related data hampers decision making. The Government recognizes these shortcomings, and an initial step in its response has been to introduce a water law. The main provisions of the draft water law are (i) to establish the basic policies and principles for water resources development and management; (ii) to enable unified administrative and management organizations based on hydrological boundaries; and (iii) to promote cooperation, communication, and coordination among Government ministries and agencies, water users, and the public. Support for finalizing the draft water law for submission to the National Assembly in early 1998 is being provided by the World Bank. 4. Of particular significance in the Government's strategy is the commitment that the river basin should be the primary basis for water resources management and that an integrated approach will be adopted within each basin. This focus is fully consistent with the Bank's emerging policy on the water sector. 4 The Government has identified three major basins to be priority areas for this approach: the Red River Basin, including Hanoi and Haiphong; the Dong Nai Basin, which includes Ho Chi Minh City; and the Mekong Basin. The Government has requested Bank support for improving water resources management in the 1 The proposed TA first appeared in ADB Business Opportunities in January 1996. 2 TA No. 2167-VIE:Water Resources Sector Review, l'or $99,500, approved on 26 September 1994. Sectoral interests of irrigation and drainage, municipal and industrial water supply, hydropower generation, river transport, and land management are represented by separate central agencies, and this structure is generally replicated at provincial level. Towards Effective Water Policy in the Asian and Pacific Region, ADB 1996. 2 Red River Basin in view of its importance to the capital region and the northern economic growth zone, and because of the Bank's history of assistance in the area.1 5. The Red River rises in the mountains of Yunnan Province in the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) and flows through Viet Nam to the South China Sea, where it forms an extensive delta. Its total catchmertt area is 169,000 square kilometers, of which 51 percent lies in Viet Nam, 48 percent in the PRC, and less than 1 percent in Lao Peoples Democratic Republic. The climate is tropical to sub-tropical and is dominated by the east-Asia monsoon. Seasonal variation of rainfall is significant, with only about 10 percent of the annual total occurring during the dry season from November to March. Consequently, the basin discharge is highly variable from a minimum recorded dry season discharge of 370 cubic meters per second (m3Is), to a maximum of 38000 m3/s. 6. The Basin has a population of about 24 million people, of whom 17 million live in the Delta, making it one of the most densely populated rural areas in the world. The cultivated area in the Basin is close to 2 million hectares (ha), of which 650,000 ha is irrigated and 880,000 ha is covered by drainage systems. Floods are a major problem, both in the Delta, where river and coastal flooding occur, and in the steep upland catchments, where land use changes and deforestation have intensified flood runoff. There are two major hydropower dams in the Basin, and plans for further hydropower developments are being prepared. The Hoa Birth Dam on the Da River currently meets almost 80 percent of the electricity supply of northern Viet Nam, while also contributing to low flow augmentation and flood peak reduction. In the urban sector, major investments are needed in municipal water supply, drainage, wastewater disposal, and sanitation to keep pace with rapid urban and industrial expansion. Protection of groundwater quality from pollution and management of salinity intrusion are also critical issues. Transport of freight by river will continue to be important, but is restricted durinq the dry season, when low river flows are further reduced by abstractions for irrigation. Significant pollution of the Basin's water resources has resulted from industrial development, and from rapid urban expansion. Pollution of village water sources is also widespread due to return flows from small-scale local industry, poor sanitation, and increased application of pesticides.3 7. As the competition among water users increases, the cross-sectoral impacts of management decisions will become increasingly significant to the Basin's future prosperity. The consequence of retaining the status quo is increasing conflict over resource allocation and deteriorating water quality, which will disproportionately affect the lives of the rural poor and require significant financial resources to rectify. These trends have been recognized by the Government, and steps towards more integrated water resources management have been initiated. Basin management and coordination across sectors and administrative units are key aspects of the draft water law. Numerous institutional and administrative models for river basin management exist, but adaptations will be required to suit Viet Nam's economic, political, institutional, socioeconomic, and physical environment. Consensus building among agencies will be essential to achieve commitment to the new policies. The proposed TA is consistent with the Bank's Medium-term Strategic Framework in its approach to institutional strengthening and in providing a foundation for subsequent capacity-building activities. Loan No. 1259-VIE:lrngation and Flood Protection Rehabilitation, for $76500 million, approved on 26 October 1993; and Loan No. 1344-V1E:Red River Delta Water Resources Sector, for $60.00 million, approved on 13 December 1994. Recommendations for improvement in river transport routes in the Basin are being prepared under TA No. 2615-VIE:Red River Waterways, for $980,000, approved on 24 July 1996. Water Environment Survey of Two Red River Delta Irrigation Schemes, January 1997 under TA No. 2233- VIE: Capacity Building in the Water Resources Sector. 3 Ill. THE PROPOSED TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE A. Objectives 8. The overall sector goal to which the proposed TA will contribute is improved management of water resources in the Red River Basin, which reflects national development goals, promotes sustairiability of the water environment, and is responsive to rapidly changing demands. The proposed TA is the first step in improving the Government's capability for integrated water resources management (IWRM) 1 in the Basin, and aims to develop a more appropriate policy and institutional framework, increase understanding of the issues facing the Basin, and provide a sound basis for future management interventions. B. Scope 9. The scope of the proposed TA covers support in three areas: (i) development of a policy and effective institutional framework for IWRM in the Basin; 2 (ii) development of a water sector information system that focuses on the changing demands, hydrology, and land use; and (iii) priority studies addressing key functions of JWRM and the resolution of a set of critical water resources problems. Policy and Institutional Framework 10. As an interim arrangement to guide the process of establishing a river basin organization (RBO), the Government will establish a Red River Basin Strategy Committee, which will (i) prepare a policy statement on IWRM in the Basin and submit it for Government adoption, (ii) develop the institutional framework within which the RBO and the line agencies will operate and submit it to Government for approval, (iii) identify the powers required by the RBO and necessary implementing arrangements, and (iv) guide the process of establishing the RBO. Consultation with stakeholders at the provincial and district levels will be promoted through workshops and the establishment of a water sector network. 3 Senior policy makers will undertake study visits to two countries in the Region in relation to IWRM. 2. Red River Basin Information System 11. An Information System will be initiated as a key resource for water management by the RBO and the line agencies. Activities will comprise (i) preparation of a River Basin Profile detailing issues, problems, and opportunities in water and land resources management; (ii) compilation of a Water Resources Data Directory 4 (WRDD); (iii) assessment of the adequacy of existing data on surface water, groundwater, water quality, sedimentation, and land use; (iv) assessment of the capabilities of existing geographic information systems (GIS) and recommendations for integration of data; (v) development of a GIS to support the River Basin Profile, the WRDD, and training in its use; and (vi) recommendations for appropriate The relevant sectors include irrigation; drainage; flood management; hydropower, urban, rural, and industrial supply: sanitation, navigation; fisheries and other ecological requirements: and land management. 2 The TA will focus on the area of the Basin within Viet Nam, namely the catch rnents of the Da, Red, Chay, La and Thai Binh Rivers. It is proposed that appropriate contacts with the Government of the PRC will be made during TA implementation to promote cooperation in Basin management. A computer system developed under UNDP Project VIE/93/031 will be operational in all provinces in the Basin by January 1998, and will be utilized for the water sector network. A computerized database containing information about existing datasets, reports and information. 4 surface water and groundwater models, decision support systems, and other predictive and management tools. 3. Management Studies and Pilot Improvements 12. At least three specific studies related to introducing IWRM in the Basin will be carried out based on priorities identified in the River Basin Profile and deliberations of the Committee. The studies selected will relate to at least one of the following (i) increasing understanding of the natural processes affecting water resources management, (ii) development of detailed procedures for implementing components of IWRM, and (iii) capacity building. Sample studies include (i) the approach to licensing water extractions in the light of current and projected water demands, (ii) a review of projected land use changes and their impact on water resources management, and (iii) a strategy for community participation. 13. Implementation of at least two pilot water management initiatives will be facilitated through the auspices of Committee members. The aim is to resolve existing areas of conflict or competition that are not being addressed due to lack of coordination. Candidate issues will be agreed upon by the Committee. Two examples are (I) optimization of flood control, irrigation, and hydropower operating rules for the main reservoirs, and (ii) reduction in river pollution at Viet Tn. The benefits of IWRM in resolving such issues will be quantified. C. Cost Estimates and Financing Plan' 14. The total cost of the proposed TA is estimated at $1,255,000 equivalent, comprising $845,200 in foreign exchange cost and $409,800 equivalent in local currency cost. The Bank will finance $1,150,000 to cover the entire foreign exchange cost and $304,800 equivalent of the local currency cost. The Government will contribute the balance of the local currency cost of $105,000 equivalent through the provision of experienced counterpart staff, allowances, office accommodation, administrative services, data collation, and use of the computer network. The proposed TA will be financed by the Bank on a grant basis from the Japan Special Fund, funded by the Government of Japan. Details of the cost estimates and financing plan are given in Appendix 1. D. Implementation Arrangements 15. The proposed TA will be implemented over a period of 27 months, commencing in January 1998, and is divided into two phases. The initial phase of nine months will cover drafting and review of the policy statement on IWRM, preparing the River Basin Profile, and defining the scope of water resource management functions. The second phase will cover redefining functional responsibilities, developing the information system, undertaking management studies and pilot improvements, and establishing the RBO. A tirm of international consultants, in association with domestic consultants, will be recruited by the Bank in accordance with the Bank's Guidelines on the Use of Consultants and other arrangements satisfactory to the Bank on the engagement of domestic consultants. It is envisaged that a total of 58 person-months of consulting services will be required, comprising 28 person-months of international and 32 person-months of domestic consultants. The international consultants will comprise specialists in water resources planning, policy and institutional reform, GIS and data management, water licensing, and water quality. The domestic consultants will comprise a water resources advisor, water policy advisor and specialists in GIS, water quality, and land use. The consultants will subcontract with The Government of the Netherlands has expressed strong interest to jointly cofinance the TA with the Bank. A supplementary TA paper wilt be prepared on receipt of their final approval. 5 provincial arid sector specialists to prepare the River Basin Profile. Consultancy services for the second phase will be initiated following the announcement by Government of the policy statement on IWRM. It is expected that there will be a one-month interval between the two phases. The outhne terms of reference are given in Appendix 2. 16. In view of its mandate for water resources management, the Executing Agency for the proposed TA will be the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD).' The Project Director will be a Vice Minister of MARD, and the Project Manager will be the Director of the Department of Water Resources Management (DWRM). To assist the process of transition to an RBO that is independent of line agency responsibilities, a Vice Minister of the Ministry of Planning and Investment (MPI) will chair the Strategy Committee and be responsible for liaison with policy makers of other concerned agencies for this component. Members of the Committee will comprise representatives at the Vice Minister level from each of the central ministries and agencies in the water sector. The Committee will meet at key decision stages to (i) review drafts of the policy statement, (ii) review water resources management functions, and (iii) reach agreement on the new institutional framework and responsibilities. At least two tripartite reviews will be held to coincide with Committee meetings at stages (i) and (iii). DWRM will be the Secretariat to the Committee, and the Consultant's policy specialist will liaise directly with the Chairman of the Committee and the Project Director. 17. To support the Committee, a Working Group comprising participants from approximately 25 central and provincial agencies will be established. 2 The composition of the Working Group will be ratified at the first meeting of the Committee. With inputs from the consultants, the Working Group will prepare the draft policy statement on 1WRM and draft the River Basin Profile. It will also provide feedback on working papers prepared by the consultants on the new institutional framework. 18. The following reports will be produced under the proposed TA: (i) an inception report including an outline for the policy statement two months after mobilization, (ii) the River Basin Profile after six months, (iii) the final draft policy statement after nine months, (iv) progress reports after 12 and 19 months, (v) a draft final report after 24 months, and (vi) the final report three months later. Assurances provided by the Government are (i) to establish the Committee at the Vice Minister level prior to contract negotiations with the consultants, (ii) to establish the Working Group within two months of the consultants' mobilization, (iii) to make available existing data and reports, and (iv) to ensure timely review of draft policies and recommendations of the Committee. IV. THE PRESIDENT'S RECOMMENDATION 19. The President recommends that the Board approve the provision of tethnical assistance, on a grant basis, to the Government of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam in an amount not exceeding the equivalent of $1,150,000 for the purpose of the Red River Basin Water Resources Management Project. Government Decree No. 354, dated 28 May 1996. The Working Group will consist of staff from central agencies at the Deputy Director level (including MARD; MPI, ministries of Construction, Industry, Science, Technology and Environment, Transport and Communications; and Electricity of Viet Nam); chiefs of provincial water resources services; and representatives from hydropower and water supply companies. It will be chaired by the Project Manager. 6 Appendix 1 COST ESTIMATES AND FINANCING PLAN ($) Foreign Local Total item Exchange Currency Cost A. Bank Financinga 1. Consultants a. Remuneration and Per Diem i. International Consultants 577,200 577,200 ii. Domestic Consultants 80,000 80,000 iii. Red River Basin Profile Stud? 95,000 95,000 b. Travel i. International 55,000 55,000 ii. Local 6,800 6,800 c. Reports and Communications 15,000 15,000 2. Miscellaneous Administration and Support Costs a. Vehiclec and Equipmentd 70,000 70,000 b. Office and Vehicle Operation 15,000 15,000 c. Workshops 25,000 25,000 d. Translation 13,000 13,000 e. Study Tours 35,000 35,000 f. Training 10,000 10,000 3. Representative for Contract 3,000 3,000 Negotiations 4. Contingencies 8000 70,000 150,000 Subtotal (A) 845,200 304,800 1,150,000 B. Government Financing 1. Office Facilities and Administrative Support 30,000 30,000 2. Remuneration and Per Diem of Counterpart Staff 30,000 30,000 3. Local Travel 5,000 5,000 4. Specific Studies and Data Collation 40,000 40,000 Subtotal (B) 105,000 105,000 Total 845,200 409,800 1,255,000 - = magnitude zero The technical assistance will be financed by the Bank on a grant basis from the Japan Special Fund, funded by the Government of Japan. The study will involve domestic professional services from each province and specialists with experience in each of the water related sectors. The subcontract will be negotiated after mobilization of the international consultants. One four-wheel drive utility vehicle. One other vehicle will be transferred from TA No. 1968-VIE for the use of the consulting team. d Geographic Information System (including scanner); eight computers; and communications equipment: and office equipment. (Reference in text: page 4, para. 14) 7 Appendix 2, page 1 OUTLINE TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR THE CONSULTANTS 1. The technical assistance (TA) will be divided into two phases. The first phase will include drafting and adoption of a policy statement for integrated water resources management (IWRM); preparation of a River Basin Profile; and definition of functions for IWRM. The second phase will commence after announcement of a policy statement on IWRM by the Government, and will cover a redefinition of functional responsibilities, initial development of an information system, management studies and pilot improvements, and establishing the River Basin Organization. 2. Table 1 shows the specialists required for the TA. Table 1: Consulting Services Inputs Expertise Phase I Phase II Total (person-months) I. International Water Resources Planner (Team Leader) 6 10 16 Water Resources Policy Specialist 1.5 1.5 3 GIS/Data Specialist - 2 2 Water Licensing Specialist a - 2 2 Water Quality Specialist a - 3 3 26 II. Domestic Water Resource Advisor (Deputy Team Leader) 5 7 12 Water Policy Advisor to MPIb (part-time) 2 2 4 GIS/Data Specialist - 10 10 Land Use Specialist - 4 4 Water Quality Specialista - 2 32 The nature of these specialist inputs are dependent upon the final selection of management studies and pilot initiatives (see Section 0 below). b The water policy advisor will be selected and recruited after mobilization of the consultants. The candidates will be subject to approval of the Bank. 3. in addition to the inputs of the domestic consultants, the services of provincial and sectoral specialists will be subcontracted after the mobilization of the consultants to prepare the River Basin Profile. 4. The terms of reference of the consultants will include the following tasks: A General (I) Liaise with relevant institutions at the national and provincial levels, including the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD); Ministry of Construction; Ministry of Industry; Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment; Ministry of Transport and Communication; General Directorate of Hydometeorology; General (Reference in text: page 5, para. 15) 8 Appendix 2, page 2 Directorate of Land Administration; water and power utilities; and other agencies as appropriate. (ii) Liaise with other external support agencies and nongovernment organizations (NGOs) active in the sector. (iii) Organize consultation workshops at key stages during the TA for senior level officials (including Vice Chairmen of the Peoples Committee) in each of the provincial subgroup areas to provide ideas for, and feedback on, the institutional reform process. B. Policy and Institutional Framework for Integrated Water Resources Management Phase I (i) Collate and review available studies, reports, and other data on the water sector 1 in the Red River Basin in Viet Nam, focusing on the role of water in the definition of national goals for economic and social development and consequences of such development on the environment. The review will cover surface and groundwater resources in terms of both quantity and quality, the water sector infrastructure and asset base, the macroeconomic setting, the legal and institutional framework, relevant policy statements, statistical data, development constraints and opportunities, and current strategies for the development of the water and land resources of the Basin. (ii) Identify the stakeholders who are now, or who in the future may be, involved in the development and management of the Basin's water resources; analyze their roles, rights, responsibilities, relationships with other stakeholders, motivations, and aspirations; and assess the impediments to improved coordination. (iii) Prepare terms of reference and working arrangements for the Strategy Committee and Working Group, and assist in the functioning of these entities. As part of this activity, identify mechanisms through which NGOs, professionals, academics, and other interested parties may be involved. Determine appropriate mechanisms for involving and informing political leaders about the proposals being prepared. (iv) Assist in the selection of representatives from about 25 central and provincial agencies representing the range of water resources interests in the Basin to form the Working Group. Facilitate the process of communication among members of the Working Group through the computer network established under United Nations Development Programme Project No. VIE/93/031 managed by the Disaster Management Unit of MARD. The term water sector" includes the totality of water use and management. It covers all activities to plan, manage, use, and conserve water resources and involves both water resource management and water service delivery functions. 9 Appendix 2, page 3 (v) Assist the Working Group and the Committee in preparing a policy statement on integrated water resources management for the Basin. A draft outline identifying the aspects to be covered in the policy statement is to be included in the inception report. The policy statement will be further prepared by the Working Group with assistance from the consultants under the guidance of the Committee. A formal announcement of the policy statement by the Government is required prior to commencement of Phase II. (vi) Identify and review the range of functions necessary for management of the water sector. Prepare a detailed briefing paper on the scope and importance of each function in relation to the Basin. (vii) In consultation with the Working Group, identify which agencies have the responsibilities for these functions; where the functions are actually currently being carried out; and where gaps, overlaps, or duplication of functions exist (both between national and provincial levels of government and within those levels). Identify and assess the adequacy of existing coordination mechanisms among those agencies and where nongovernment entities may have a role. (viii) Using existing sources of information arid in cooperation with ongoing reviews, evaluate the appropriateness of alternative models and international experiences in river basin planning and management to the Red River Basin, and organize and facilitate a workshop to disseminate the findings to the Committee and the Working Group. (ix) Subject to concurrence of the relevant authorities in the People's Republic of China (PRC), explore the possibility for developing international basin-wide cooperation by (a) organizing a visit of senior policy makers to Yunnan Province and to relevant national agencies in the PRC, and (b) identifying collaborative activities and mechanisms for future cooperation and the process by which these may be furthered. 1 Organize a study tour for policy makers to examine the workings of a relevant river basin commission or committee in the region. Phase II (x) Facilitate the workings of the Committee and the Working Group in developing the institutional framework2 for a river basin organization (RBO) for the Basin. (xi) Develop detailed recommendations for a new institutional framework, including the functions of the RBO and any necessary redefinition of responsibilities for the line agencies, to give an integrated and basin-wide approach to water resources planning and management. The recommendations will be reviewed and discussed with the Committee and submitted to the Government for approval. (xii) Draft the decrees and detailed implementation arrangements for the new institutional framework. Reference should be made to the initial findings of TA No. 2817-PRC:Strategic Options in the Wafer Sector, for $1.18 million, approved on 26 June 1997. The term institutional framework covers policy and legislation, organization structures and modes of working and coordinating, dissemination of information, and consultation and decision making processes. 10 Appendix 2,page4 (xiii) Prepare an institutional support program for capacity building under the new arrangements 1 and outline an action plan for implementation of IWRM. C. Red River Basin Water Sector Information System Phase 1 (i) Prepare an outline, format, and guidelines for the preparation of a Red River Basin Water Sector Profile, adapted from the National Water Sector Profile.1 (ii) Facilitate the functioning of the Working Group, through workshops, computer-based information exchange, and other appropriate means to prepare the Profile. The Profile should identify the major water resource issues facing the Basin, including emerging issues, identify future trends, and include updated projections of supply and demand for each sector based on a collation of secondary data. In particular, it should identify the constraints that now or may in the future hinder the effective solution of such issues, and also the opportunities that may exist to facilitate or accelerate their solution. Phase II (iii) Based on current international practice, design and implement a Water Resources Data Directory (WRDD), that is, a database containing information about the data sets, reports, and other information that already exist and are relevant to water resources management in the Red River Basin (including which agency holds the information and where, the medium on which it is held, the time period over which it is valid, etc.). The WRDD should be implemented on a Geographic Information System (GIS) to allow searching of the database by geographical area (spatially) as well as by textual means.2 (iv) Facilitate the Working Group to collect information about data held in each of the agencies and prepared through the assistance programs of external agencies (not the data themselves, but information about the data), and arrange to have this information included in the WRDD. (v) Assess the adequacy and appropriateness of existing data on surface water, groundwater, water quality, sedimentation, land use, and other associated data in response to information needs to support decision making for effective water resources management. This assessment will include consideration of the extent of the data acquisition networks; the frequency of measurement; the reliability of the data; the systems used to store, manage, archive, and disseminate the data; and the availability of the data to all agencies that need it to plan and to make management decisions. In particular, provide the specifications for a computerized data management system to be implemented within MARD that will fulfill the needs of the Government to achieve its water resources management objectives, and establish whether any existing system within the agencies meets those specifications. Include the results in the final report. See Towards Effective Wafer Policy in the Asian and Pacific Region, Vol II, ADB 1996. Reference should be made to Bank TA No. 5622-RETA:Subregional Environmental Monitoring Information Systems in which Viet Nam and PRC have agreed on database standards. 11 Appendix 2,page5 (vi) Assess the GIS and remote sensing capabilities of each of the key agencies, and recommend strategies for improved integration of the data they hold and for greater accessibility of the data to planners and decision makers. This will include the identification of areas of duplication of effort in capturing data. Prepare recommendations, for discussion by the Committee, on how existing data can be better shared. Commence the process by implementing a GIS system in the Department of Water Resources Management incorporating clear guidelines for the dissemination and availability of the data. (vii) Evaluate the need for surface water and groundwater models, decision support systems, and other predictive and management tools that will facilitate more effective water resource planning and decision making in the Basin. Identify and evaluate existing tools that have been implemented by the agencies; comment on their usefulness; recommend improvements; and, where appropriate, recommend new systems that should be acquired. (viii) Provide necessary training to relevant groups in the use of the WROD and GIS, and facilitate dissemination of the information system through the Working Group. D. Management Studies and Pilot Water Resource Management Improvements Phase I (I) Based on the River Basin Profile, propose a set of specific studies aimed at addressing the most critical water resources management issues in the Basin for consideration and selection by the Committee. The studies should reflect the importance of issues identified in the Bank's Regional Consultation Workshop held in May 1996 and meet one of the following criteria: (a) increasing understanding of the natural processes affecting water resources, (b) developing detailed procedures for implementing components of IWRM, and (C) capacity building related to the new institutional structure. The selection will be subject to the concurrence of the Bank prior to commencement. Prepare the scope and terms of reference for the studies selected. The following examples are indicative of the issues that may be considered: On the issue of water entitlements and licensing, assess the desirability of licensing water extractions in the light of current and projected water demand. 1 Consider the provisions of Viet Nam's proposed new Water Law and the implications that it might have on the bestowing of water rights and the administration of those rights. Evaluate water licensing systems elsewhere in the world and recommend an appropriate system for the Red River Basin. Conduct a review of projected land use changes and their impact on water resources management in the Red River Basin. The review should include a demographic analysis, looking specifically at likely scenarios for urban growth and its impact on rural development, agriculture, and irrigation. Identify likely trends in water demand and the locations of those demands. Assess the impacts of these trends on water resource management in the basin. Demand also includes instream environmental flows. 12 Appendix 2,page6 • On the basis of experience from developed countries and other developing countries that have faced similar rapid growth, and taking note of existing social structures, prepare draft guidelines for community participation and stakeholder representation for water resources management. The needs and representation of indigenous committees in the highland provinces and among rural and urban poor communities including specific attention to the participation of women, should be addressed in formulation of such a strategy. (ii) Also based on the River Basin Profile, and in conjunction with the Working Group, propose a set of pilot management interventions aimed at demonstrating the benefits of a coordinated approach to water resources management in real situations occurring in the basin for selection by the Committee. Two such initiatives that could be considered are (a) optimization of conjunctive operating rules covering flood control, hydropower, and irrigation for Hoa Binh, Thac Ba, Cam Son, and Nui Coc reservoirs; and (b) the river pollution situation at Viet Tn. The Working Group should be used as the forum within which these case studies are facilitated. Phase II (iii) Undertake the Management studies and facilitate the pilot interventions identified during Phase I as indicated in items (i) and (ii), respectively, with the involvement of relevant interest groups and specialists. (iv) Based on the enhanced understanding of conditions in the Basin and results of the studies and pilot interventions, and with reference to the experience of other basins, make a projection of the costs and benefits from full implementation of IWRM in the Red River Basin. Part of the benefits may be valued in monetary terms, although longer term impacts, which are less quantifiable, may be assessed by more qualitative means. (v) Ensure that the results of the case studies, pilot interventions, and evaluation are widely disseminated to clearly demonstrate the benefits of the integrated water resources management to the stakeholders, including senior policy makers and legislators. Proposals for the most effective form of information dissemination should be developed during the initial stage of the studies.
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