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ANNEX 1 CCA DATABASE, KENYA by the36chambers

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									CCA DATABASE, KENYA

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Loita Forest
Loita Forest Kenya, Narok District, Rift Valley Province 33,000 hectares Not available No Yes (small streams and rivers) No Loita and Purko Maasai Yes – Maasai, although this is a somewhat misleading term No No. The community is a mixture of transhumant and agro-pastoral. It undertakes transhumant grazing within a defined group ranch area It is a Maasai agro-pastoralist community and as such has lower per capita indicators than many others No Highly conflicted and weak local tenure rights Livelihood & spiritual VI

CCA Basic data
Site Name (in local language and in English) Country (include State and Province) Area encompassed by the CCA (specify unit of measurement). GIS Coordinates (if available) Whether it includes sea areas (Yes or no) Whether it includes freshwater (Yes or no) Marine (Y or N) Concerned community (name and approx. number of persons) Is the community considering itself an indigenous people? (Please note Yes or No; if yes note which people) Is the community considering itself a minority? (Please note Yes or No, if yes on the basis of what, e.g. religion, ethnicity) Is the community permanently settled? (Please note Yes or No; if the community is mobile, does it have a customary transhumance territory?) Is the community local per capita income inferior, basically the same or superior to national value? (please note how confident you are about the information) Is the CCA recognised as a protected area by governmental agencies? Conflicts with land tenure, natural resource use? What is the main management objective (e.g. livelihood, cultural, spiritual…) To which IUCN management category do you consider it would best fit

Additional qualitative information
Main ecosystem type Description of biodiversity & resources (ecosystems, species, functions) conserved by the CCA Highland forest High-quality evergreen forest; wildlife including elephant and buffalo and other forest birds and mammals; important watershed values including catchment for Lake Natron and Maasai Mara Maasai- Maa Traditionally managed forest under local rules for the past several centuries since immigration of Maasai to southern Kenya (est. 19th century) Local councils of elders Several hundred years Trust land- owned by Narok County Council Seasonal grazing, traditional ceremonies, nontimber forest product harvesting No formal management plan but numerous local traditional rules (e.g. restrictions on cutting live trees, rules on seasonal grazing access) Not available Not available Lack of local tenure security over forests; efforts by county council to appropriate forest and use for tourism development at district level. Ed Barrow, IUCN-EARO Michael Gachanja, Kenya Forests Working Group (mgachanja@kenyaforests.org) Karanga, F., Tessema, Y. and Barrow, E. 2002. Equity in the Loita/Purko Naimina Enkiyio Forest in Kenya: Securing Maasai Rights to and Responsibilities for the Forest. Forest and Social Perspectives in Conservation No. 11. IUCN-EARO, Nairobi, Kenya.

Description of local ethnic groups and languages spoken Broad historical context of the CCA

Governance structure for the CCA (who takes management decisions, how?) Length of time the governance model has been in place Land and resource ownership in the CCA Type of land use in the CCA Existence of written or oral management plans and specific rules for the use of natural resources in the CCA Map and zoning of the CCA (please attach if available and relevant,) Relevant pictures with captions (please attach if available) Major threats to biodiversity and/or the CCA governance system

Local CCA-relevant features, stories, names, rules and practices Contact details for individuals and organisations

References relevant to specific CCA

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Loima Forest
Loima Forest Kenya (Turkana District) 10,000 ha Not available No No No Turkana Yes Yes No. The community is transhumant pastoralist. It undertakes transhumant grazing across a wide area Yes

CCA Basic data
Site Name (in local language and in English) Country (include State and Province) Area encompassed by the CCA (specify unit of measurement). GIS Coordinates (if available) Whether it includes sea areas (Yes or no) Whether it includes freshwater (Yes or no) Marine (Y or N) Concerned community (name and approx. number of persons) Is the community considering itself an indigenous people? (Please note Yes or No; if yes note which people) Is the community considering itself a minority? (Please note Yes or No, if yes on the basis of what, e.g. religion, ethnicity) Is the community permanently settled? (Please note Yes or No; if the community is mobile, does it have a customary transhumance territory? ) Is the community local per capita income inferior, basically the same or superior to national value? (please note how confident you are about the information) Is the CCA recognised as a protected area by governmental agencies? Conflicts with land tenure, natural resource use? What is the main management objective (e.g. livelihood, cultural, spiritual…) To which IUCN management category do you consider it would best fit

No Only district level land tenure- no local rights Livelihood- dry season grazing reserve VI

Additional qualitative information
Main ecosystem type Description of biodiversity & resources (ecosystems, species, functions) conserved by the CCA Description of local ethnic groups and languages spoken Broad historical context of the CCA Governance structure for the CCA (who takes management decisions, how?) Length of time the governance model has been in place Land and resource ownership in the CCA Type of land use in the CCA Existence of written or oral management plans and specific rules for the use of natural resources in the CCA Map and zoning of the CCA (please attach if available and relevant,) Relevant pictures with captions (please attach if available) Major threats to biodiversity and/or the CCA governance system Local CCA-relevant features, stories, names, rules and practices Contact details for individuals and organisations References relevant to specific CCA Highland deciduous/evergreen forest Montane forest; localized forest birds Turkana Traditional resource use rules Traditional institutions Unknown Trust Land- under district authority Forest Oral rules Not available Not available Lack of local statutory authority Ed Barrow, IUCN-EARO Barrow, E., Clarke, J., Grundy, I., Jones, K.R., and. Tessema Y. 2002. Analysis of Stakeholder Power and Responsibilities in Community Involvement in Forest Management in Eastern and Southern Africa. Forest and Social Perspectives in Conservation No. 9. IUCNEARO, Nairobi, Kenya.

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Il N’gwesi Conservancy
Il Ngwesi Conservancy Kenya (Laikipia District) 9,471 ha Not available No No No Mukogodo Maasai (6000 people) Unknown No No. The community is a mixture of transhumant and agro-pastoral. It undertakes transhumant grazing within a defined group ranch area Inferior

CCA Basic data
Site Name (in local language and in English) Country (include State and Province) Area encompassed by the CCA (specify unit of measurement). GIS Coordinates (if available) Whether it includes sea areas (Yes or no) Whether it includes freshwater (Yes or no) Marine (Y or N) Concerned community (name and approx. number of persons) Is the community considering itself an indigenous people? (Please note Yes or No; if yes note which people) Is the community considering itself a minority? (Please note Yes or No, if yes on the basis of what, e.g. religion, ethnicity) Is the community permanently settled? (Please note Yes or No; if the community is mobile, does it have a customary transhumance territory? ) Is the community local per capita income inferior, basically the same or superior to national value? (please note how confident you are about the information) Is the CCA recognised as a protected area by governmental agencies? (Yes or no; if yes, how? If no, is it otherwise recognized?) If yes, legal document? Establishment date? Conflicts with land tenure, natural resource use? What is the main management objective (e.g. livelihood, cultural, spiritual…) To which IUCN management category do you consider it would best fit (this does not imply that the management objective is consciously pursued by the concerned community, but that it is actually achieved)

No; recognized as a community conservancy governed by a legal trust. Established 1996 No Livelihood- wildlife conservation and tourism development income II and V

Additional qualitative information
Main ecosystem type Description of biodiversity & resources (ecosystems, species, functions) conserved by the CCA Description of local ethnic groups and languages spoken Broad historical context of the CCA Semi-arid savannah Large mammals including endangered Grevy’s zebra; elephant, lion, wild dog, cheetah, oryx, gerenuk etc. Reintroduced black rhino Maasai- Maa Created in order to develop community ecotourism project; key role played by private Lewa Wildlife Conservancy which borders to the south in creating Il Ngwesi Group ranch committee, group ranch membership, Il Ngwesi Trust 1996-; trust created in 2003 Group ranch title to land Tourism & wildlife conservation; some livestock Written management plan governing tourism and conservation activities and excluding other land uses

Governance structure for the CCA (who takes management decisions, how?) Length of time the governance model has been in place Land and resource ownership in the CCA Type of land use in the CCA Existence of written or oral management plans and specific rules for the use of natural resources in the CCA Map and zoning of the CCA (please attach if available and relevant,) Relevant pictures with captions (please attach if available) Major threats to biodiversity and/or the CCA governance system Local CCA-relevant features, stories, names, rules and practices

Contact details for individuals and organisations References relevant to specific CCA

Il Ngwesi has become Kenya’s leading community ecotourism project, focusing on the Il Ngwesi lodge; won UNDP Equator Initiative prize in 2002. Matt Rice, Northern Rangelands Trust (matt.rice@nrt-kenya.org) Northern Rangelands Trust: http://www.nrtkenya.org/ngewsi.html

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Shompole Community Trust
Shompole Community Trust Kenya (Kajiado District) 10,000 ha No Yes No Shompole Group Ranch Unknown No No. The community is a mixture of transhumant and agro-pastoral. It undertakes transhumant grazing within a defined group ranch area Inferior

CCA Basic data
Site Name (in local language and in English) Country (include State and Province) Area encompassed by the CCA (specify unit of measurement). GIS Coordinates (if available) Whether it includes sea areas (Yes or no) Whether it includes freshwater (Yes or no) Marine (Y or N) Concerned community (name and approx. number of persons) Is the community considering itself an indigenous people? (Please note Yes or No; if yes note which people) Is the community considering itself a minority? (Please note Yes or No, if yes on the basis of what, e.g. religion, ethnicity) Is the community permanently settled? (Please note Yes or No; if the community is mobile, does it have a customary transhumance territory? ) Is the community local per capita income inferior, basically the same or superior to national value? (please note how confident you are about the information) Is the CCA recognised as a protected area by governmental agencies? Conflicts with land tenure, natural resource use? What is the main management objective (e.g. livelihood, cultural, spiritual…) To which IUCN management category do you consider it would best fit

No No Livelihood- income generation from wildlifebased ecotourism II

Additional qualitative information
Main ecosystem type Description of biodiversity & resources (ecosystems, species, functions) conserved by the CCA Semi-arid savannah Large mammals (e.g. elephants, lions, giraffe); Ewaso Nyiro river which is main source of Lake Natron (sole breeding site of Rift Valley lesser flamingos) Maasai- Maa Established in collaboration with Kenyan conservation NGO, the African Conservation Centre, based partly on experience of Il Ngwesi eco-lodge in Laikipia. Trust established in 2000, eco-lodge on Shompole opened in 2001. Trust has a board of directors comprising mostly locals and a few outside experts (e.g. director of ACC). Since 2000 Trust owns the land; Shompole Group Ranch owns surrounding larger group ranch lands Wildlife conservation and non-consumptive tourism Formal management plan and rules of use over trust land area (conservancy) No map available. CCA located south of Magadi near to Mount Shompole along Kenya-Tanzania boarder area Principle challenges relate to elite capture and developing participatory governance through the trust governance framework Yusuf Ole Petenya, Shompole Community Trust (yuspet@yahoo.com), David Western, African Conservation Centre. (jonahwesetern@adelphia.net) Manzolillo Nightengale, D.L. and Western, D.. 2006. The Future of the Open Rangelands: An exchange of ideas between East Africa and the

Description of local ethnic groups and languages spoken Broad historical context of the CCA

Governance structure for the CCA (who takes management decisions, how?) Length of time the governance model has been in place Land and resource ownership in the CCA Type of land use in the CCA Existence of written or oral management plans and specific rules for the use of natural resources in the CCA Map and zoning of the CCA (please attach if available and relevant) Relevant pictures with captions (please attach if available) Major threats to biodiversity and/or the CCA governance system

Local CCA-relevant features, stories, names, rules and practices Contact details for individuals and organisations

References relevant to specific CCA

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American Southwest. African Conservation Centre and African Centre for Technology Studies, Nairobi, Kenya.

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Namunyak Conservancy
Namunyak Conservancy Kenya (Samburu District) 74,101 ha (2,000 ha core conservancy area) No No No Samburu (8000 people in group ranch membership) Unknown No No. The community is a mixture of transhumant and agro-pastoral. It undertakes transhumant grazing within a defined group ranch area Yes

CCA Basic data
Site Name (in local language and in English) Country (include State and Province) Area encompassed by the CCA (specify unit of measurement). GIS Coordinates (if available) Whether it includes sea areas (Yes or no) Whether it includes freshwater (Yes or no) Marine (Y or N) Concerned community (name and approx. number of persons) Is the community considering itself an indigenous people? (Please note Yes or No; if yes note which people) Is the community considering itself a minority? (Please note Yes or No, if yes on the basis of what, e.g. religion, ethnicity) Is the community permanently settled? (Please note Yes or No; if the community is mobile, does it have a customary transhumance territory? ) Is the community local per capita income inferior, basically the same or superior to national value? (please note how confident you are about the information) Is the CCA recognised as a protected area by governmental agencies? Conflicts with land tenure, natural resource use? What is the main management objective (e.g. livelihood, cultural, spiritual…) To which IUCN management category do you consider it would best fit?

No No Livelihood- community ecotourism income development II (core area); VI (group ranch)

Additional qualitative information
Main ecosystem type Description of biodiversity & resources (ecosystems, species, functions) conserved by the CCA Description of local ethnic groups and languages spoken Broad historical context of the CCA Semi-arid rangeland Large mammals; part of larger ecosystems including Samburu/Buffalo Springs Reserves Samburu- Maa speaking Trust created late 1990’s for development of community-based ecotourism; linked to Laikipia Wildlife Forum and private ranches in area Trust board of directors Since 1995 Wildlife conservation and non-consumptive tourism Core are for wildlife and tourism only; buffer zone including other activities No; by-laws in process No map available. Located between Isiolo and Wamba towns to the south west of the Matthews Range mountains Commercial poaching of wildlife; general insecurity has been a long-standing problem in the area Namunyak is also one of central Kenya’s leading community-based ecotourism initiatives catalyzing the continuing establishment of these community conservancies in Samburu/Laikipia over the past decade Matt Rice, Northern Rangelands Trust (matt.rice@nrt-kenya.org) Northern Rangelands Trust: http://www.nrtkenya.org/ngewsi.html

Governance structure for the CCA (who takes management decisions, how?) Length of time the governance model has been in place Land and resource ownership in the CCA Type of land use in the CCA Existence of written or oral management plans and specific rules for the use of natural resources in the CCA Map and zoning of the CCA (please attach if available and relevant,) Relevant pictures with captions (please attach if available) Major threats to biodiversity and/or the CCA governance system

Local CCA-relevant features, stories, names, rules and practices

Contact details for individuals and organisations References relevant to specific CCA

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Lekurruki Conservancy
Lekurruki Conservancy Kenya (Laikipia District) 800 ha (11,953 ha group ranch) No No No Mukogodo Maasai (3,700 people) Unknown Yes No. The community is a mixture of transhumant and agro-pastoral. It undertakes transhumant grazing within a defined group ranch area Inferior

CCA Basic data
Site Name (in local language and in English) Country (include State and Province) Area encompassed by the CCA (specify unit of measurement). GIS Coordinates (if available) Whether it includes sea areas (Yes or no) Whether it includes freshwater (Yes or no) Marine (Y or N) Concerned community (name and approx. number of persons) Is the community considering itself an indigenous people? (Please note Yes or No; if yes note which people) Is the community considering itself a minority? (Please note Yes or No, if yes on the basis of what, e.g. religion, ethnicity) Is the community permanently settled? (Please note Yes or No; if the community is mobile, does it have a customary transhumance territory? ) Is the community local per capita income inferior, basically the same or superior to national value? (please note how confident you are about the information) Is the CCA recognised as a protected area by governmental agencies? (Yes or no; if yes, how? If no, is it otherwise recognized?) If yes, legal document? Establishment date? Conflicts with land tenure, natural resource use? What is the main management objective (e.g. livelihood, cultural, spiritual…) To which IUCN management category do you consider it would best fit (this does not imply that the management objective is consciously pursued by the concerned community, but that it is actually achieved)

No

No Livelihood- income generation through community-based ecotourism centered on Tassia Lodge II (core area); VI (group ranch)

Additional qualitative information
Main ecosystem type Description of biodiversity & resources (ecosystems, species, functions) conserved by the CCA Semi-arid savannah and Montane forest Lowlands include large mammals (elephants, lion, Grevy’s zebra, etc) and migration routes from Laikipia to Samburu/Buffalo Springs Game Reserves. Highland forest in Matthews Range includes Juniperus-Olea-Podocarpus montane forest with associated biota. Maasai- Maa Created following establishment of Il Ngwesi conservancy directly to the south, in collaboration with adjacent privately owned Borana Ranch Group ranch committee

Description of local ethnic groups and languages spoken Broad historical context of the CCA

Governance structure for the CCA (who takes management decisions, how?) Length of time the governance model has been in place Land and resource ownership in the CCA Type of land use in the CCA Existence of written or oral management plans and specific rules for the use of natural resources in the CCA Map and zoning of the CCA (please attach if available and relevant,) Relevant pictures with captions (please attach if available) Major threats to biodiversity and/or the CCA governance system Local CCA-relevant features, stories, names, rules and practices Contact details for individuals and organisations References relevant to specific CCA

Private; group ranch tenure Wildlife conservation and tourism; some livestock use Rules governing tourism development, land use zoning No map available. Located in Laikipia rangelands, between Nanyuki and Maralal External incursions of livestock, poaching, insecurity Matt Rice, Northern Rangelands Trust (matt.rice@nrt-kenya.org) Northern Rangelands Trust: http://www.nrtkenya.org/ngewsi.html

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Kalama Conservancy
Kalama Conservancy Kenya (Samburu District) 3,150 ha (core area); 46,129 (group ranch) No No No Girgir Group Ranch (2,000 people) Unknown Yes No. The community is a mixture of transhumant and agro-pastoral. It undertakes transhumant grazing within a defined group ranch area Inferior

CCA Basic data
Site Name (in local language and in English) Country (include State and Province) Area encompassed by the CCA (specify unit of measurement). GIS Coordinates (if available) Whether it includes sea areas (Yes or no) Whether it includes freshwater (Yes or no) Marine (Y or N) Concerned community (name and approx. number of persons) Is the community considering itself an indigenous people? (Please note Yes or No; if yes note which people) Is the community considering itself a minority? (Please note Yes or No, if yes on the basis of what, e.g. religion, ethnicity) Is the community permanently settled? (Please note Yes or No; if the community is mobile, does it have a customary transhumance territory? ) Is the community local per capita income inferior, basically the same or superior to national value? (please note how confident you are about the information) Is the CCA recognised as a protected area by governmental agencies? (Yes or no; if yes, how? If no, is it otherwise recognized?) If yes, legal document? Establishment date? Conflicts with land tenure, natural resource use? What is the main management objective (e.g. livelihood, cultural, spiritual…) To which IUCN management category do you consider it would best fit (this does not imply that the management objective is consciously pursued by the concerned community, but that it is actually achieved)

No

No Livelihood- development of tourism/wildlife income II (core area); VI (group ranch)

Additional qualitative information
Main ecosystem type Description of biodiversity & resources (ecosystems, species, functions) conserved by the CCA Description of local ethnic groups and languages spoken Broad historical context of the CCA Semi-arid savannah Large mammals and migratory habitat adjacent to Samburu National Reserve Samburu- Maa Conservancy initiated in 2002 in order to promote conservation and ecotourism development Group ranch committee Since 2002 Group Ranch Wildlife/tourism in core area No No map available. Located in Laikipia rangelands, between Nanyuki and Maralal

Governance structure for the CCA (who takes management decisions, how?) Length of time the governance model has been in place Land and resource ownership in the CCA Type of land use in the CCA Existence of written or oral management plans and specific rules for the use of natural resources in the CCA Map and zoning of the CCA (please attach if available and relevant,) Relevant pictures with captions (please attach if available) Major threats to biodiversity and/or the CCA governance system Local CCA-relevant features, stories, names, rules and practices Contact details for individuals and organisations References relevant to specific CCA

Matt Rice, Northern Rangelands Trust (matt.rice@nrt-kenya.org) Northern Rangelands Trust: http://www.nrtkenya.org/ngewsi.html

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Melako Conservancy
Melako Conservancy Kenya (Marsabit District) Not yet demarcated No No No Laisamis community (6,000 people) Unknown Yes No. The community is a mixture of transhumant and agro-pastoral. It undertakes transhumant grazing within a defined group ranch area Yes

CCA Basic data
Site Name (in local language and in English) Country (include State and Province) Area encompassed by the CCA (specify unit of measurement). GIS Coordinates (if available) Whether it includes sea areas (Yes or no) Whether it includes freshwater (Yes or no) Marine (Y or N) Concerned community (name and approx. number of persons) Is the community considering itself an indigenous people? (Please note Yes or No; if yes note which people) Is the community considering itself a minority? (Please note Yes or No, if yes on the basis of what, e.g. religion, ethnicity) Is the community permanently settled? (Please note Yes or No; if the community is mobile, does it have a customary transhumance territory? ) Is the community local per capita income inferior, basically the same or superior to national value? (please note how confident you are about the information) Is the CCA recognised as a protected area by governmental agencies? (Yes or no; if yes, how? If no, is it otherwise recognized?) If yes, legal document? Establishment date? Conflicts with land tenure, natural resource use? What is the main management objective (e.g. livelihood, cultural, spiritual…) To which IUCN management category do you consider it would best fit (this does not imply that the management objective is consciously pursued by the concerned community, but that it is actually achieved)

No

Land still district trust land so limited local control at present Livelihood- development wildlife-based tourism VI

Additional qualitative information
Main ecosystem type Description of biodiversity & resources (ecosystems, species, functions) conserved by the CCA Description of local ethnic groups and languages spoken Broad historical context of the CCA Semi-arid/Arid savannah Wildlife includes estimated 200 Grevy’s zebra (~9% of total global population) Rendille Recently developed conservancy linked to Laikipia conservancies (Lewa, Northern Rangelands Trust, Sera Conservancy, etc), still in process of formation.

Governance structure for the CCA (who takes management decisions, how?) Length of time the governance model has been in place Land and resource ownership in the CCA Type of land use in the CCA Existence of written or oral management plans and specific rules for the use of natural resources in the CCA Map and zoning of the CCA (please attach if available and relevant,) Relevant pictures with captions (please attach if available) Major threats to biodiversity and/or the CCA governance system

Trust land Livestock grazing; core area to be established for wildlife and tourism

Map not available. Located in dryland savanna area between Archers Post and Marsabit town. Livestock conflict with Grevy’s zebra; poaching; general insecurity; lack of secure community land tenure Matt Rice, Northern Rangelands Trust (matt.rice@nrt-kenya.org) Northern Rangelands Trust: http://www.nrtkenya.org/ngewsi.html

Local CCA-relevant features, stories, names, rules and practices Contact details for individuals and organisations References relevant to specific CCA

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1.9

Jibana-Pangani Kaya
Jibana - Pangani Kaya Kenya (Coastal Province) 250 ha Not known No No No No No Yes

CCA Basic data
Site Name (in local language and in English) Country (include State and Province) Area encompassed by the CCA (specify unit of measurement). GIS Coordinates (if available) Whether it includes sea areas (Yes or no) Whether it includes freshwater (Yes or no) Marine (Y or N) Concerned community (name and approx. number of persons) Is the community considering itself an indigenous people? (Please note Yes or No; if yes note which people) Is the community considering itself a minority? (Please note Yes or No, if yes on the basis of what, e.g. religion, ethnicity) Is the community permanently settled? (Please note Yes or No; if the community is mobile, does it have a customary transhumance territory? ) Is the community local per capita income inferior, basically the same or superior to national value? (please note how confident you are about the information) Is the CCA recognised as a protected area by governmental agencies? (Yes or no; if yes, how? If no, is it otherwise recognized?) If yes, legal document? Establishment date? Conflicts with land tenure, natural resource use? What is the main management objective (e.g. livelihood, cultural, spiritual…) To which IUCN management category do you consider it would best fit (this does not imply that the management objective is consciously pursued by the concerned community, but that it is actually achieved)

No Yes – registered as National Monument

Spiritual/cultural- sacred grove III

Additional qualitative information
Main ecosystem type Description of biodiversity & resources (ecosystems, species, functions) conserved by the CCA Description of local ethnic groups and languages spoken Broad historical context of the CCA Governance structure for the CCA (who takes management decisions, how?) Length of time the governance model has been in place Land and resource ownership in the CCA Type of land use in the CCA Existence of written or oral management plans and specific rules for the use of natural resources in the CCA Map and zoning of the CCA (please attach if available and relevant,) Relevant pictures with captions (please attach if available) Major threats to biodiversity and/or the CCA governance system Local CCA-relevant features, stories, names, rules and practices Contact details for individuals and organisations References relevant to specific CCA Coastal forest High-biodiversity coastal forest (350 species; 19.8% rare species) Mijikenda Traditional sacred forest; gazetted as National Monument to prevent clearance/encroachment Under authority of National Museums of Kenya following monument gazettement Since 1990’s Central government reserved land Forest No local plans Location unknown to authors

Clearance and encroachment resulting from lack of local statutory authority and control over forest

Anthony Githitho, National Museums of Kenya (cfcukilifi@yahoo.com) Githitho, A.N. n.d. The Sacred Mijikenda Kaya Forests of Coastal Kenya and Biodiversity Conservation. Available at: http://www.sacredland.org/PDFs/Mijikenda_Kaya.pdf Viewed 1 July 2007.

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Dzombo Kaya
Dzombo Kaya Kenya (Coastal Province) 295 ha No No No No No Yes

CCA Basic data
Site Name (in local language and in English) Country (include State and Province) Area encompassed by the CCA (specify unit of measurement). GIS Coordinates (if available) Whether it includes sea areas (Yes or no) Whether it includes freshwater (Yes or no) Marine (Y or N) Concerned community (name and approx. number of persons) Is the community considering itself an indigenous people? (Please note Yes or No; if yes note which people) Is the community considering itself a minority? (Please note Yes or No, if yes on the basis of what, e.g. religion, ethnicity) Is the community permanently settled? (Please note Yes or No; if the community is mobile, does it have a customary transhumance territory? ) Is the community local per capita income inferior, basically the same or superior to national value? (please note how confident you are about the information) Is the CCA recognised as a protected area by governmental agencies? (Yes or no; if yes, how? If no, is it otherwise recognized?) If yes, legal document? Establishment date? Conflicts with land tenure, natural resource use? What is the main management objective (e.g. livelihood, cultural, spiritual…) To which IUCN management category do you consider it would best fit (this does not imply that the management objective is consciously pursued by the concerned community, but that it is actually achieved)

Same

Yes

Cultural/Spiritual traditional sacred forest III

Additional qualitative information
Main ecosystem type Description of biodiversity & resources (ecosystems, species, functions) conserved by the CCA Description of local ethnic groups and languages spoken Broad historical context of the CCA Governance structure for the CCA (who takes management decisions, how?) Length of time the governance model has been in place Land and resource ownership in the CCA Type of land use in the CCA Existence of written or oral management plans and specific rules for the use of natural resources in the CCA Map and zoning of the CCA (please attach if available and relevant,) Relevant pictures with captions (please attach if available) Major threats to biodiversity and/or the CCA governance system Local CCA-relevant features, stories, names, rules and practices Contact details for individuals and organisations References relevant to specific CCA Coastal forest High-biodiversity coastal forest (350 species; 19.8% rare species) Mijikenda Traditional sacred forest; gazetted as National Monument to prevent clearance/encroachment Under authority of National Museums of Kenya following monument gazettement Since 1990’s Central government reserved land Forest No local plans Exact location unknown to authors

Clearance and encroachment resulting from lack of local statutory authority and control over forest

Anthony Githitho, National Museums of Kenya (cfcukilifi@yahoo.com) Githitho, A.N. n.d. The Sacred Mijikenda Kaya Forests of Coastal Kenya and Biodiversity Conservation. Available at: http://www.sacredland.org/PDFs/Mijikenda_Kaya.pdf Viewed 1 July 2007.

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