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Sustainable Consumption Fair Trade by bau17118

VIEWS: 26 PAGES: 25

									                                        Sustainable Communities Lecture – 18 August 2005


Sustainable Consumption & Fair Trade
  1.   Introduction
  2.   The Challenges
  3.   Sustainable Consumption
  4.   Fair Trade
  5.   Pathways To Action
  6.   Conclusion
  7.   Questions


          Sustainable Consumption & Fair Trade: www.fta.org.au & www.iypf.org
                                         Sustainable Communities Lecture – 18 August 2005


1. Introduction
  • Trade and the production and exchange of
    goods / services as old as humanity
  • How, what, and why vital for achieving
    sustainable communities
  • Look at the challenges and responses –
    sustainable consumption & fair trade
  • Inform, inspire and equip to take action
    – Inform on key issues and provide links to further
      information
    – Inspire, equip with pathways to action on existing
      projects or new ones
    – Links to your assessment pieces – personal change,
      informing / inspiring each other, action / reflection
           Sustainable Consumption & Fair Trade: www.fta.org.au & www.iypf.org
                                        Sustainable Communities Lecture – 18 August 2005


2. The Challenges
  • Local sustainable communities impacted /
    restricted by convergence of dominant
    global systems and paradigms
  • 4 key mechanisms / paradigms / memes
    – ‘Globalisation’ of finance and markets
    – Economic rationalism / paradigm
    – ‘Free’ trade
    – Citizens = consumers



          Sustainable Consumption & Fair Trade: www.fta.org.au & www.iypf.org
                                       Sustainable Communities Lecture – 18 August 2005


2. The Challenges - Globalisation
  • Globalisation of finance and markets
  • WTO, WIPO, WEF – governance and
    regulation by nation states and business
  • No global civic governance to protect
    social, environmental and cultural goods
  • UN = nation states
  • Unequal power
  • ‘Civic’ catching up – WSF, Int NGO’s, web
    and information dissemination / organising
         Sustainable Consumption & Fair Trade: www.fta.org.au & www.iypf.org
                                        Sustainable Communities Lecture – 18 August 2005


2. The Challenges – Economic Rationalism
 • Trade, power, wealth, production, exchange,
   work were all TOOLS towards outcomes
   humans value, e.g. happiness, security, food,
   shelter, water, meaningful activity, community
   belongingness
 • For many, they are no longer MEANS but ENDS
   in themselves
 • Economic interests above all others – reflect on
   the last Australian election
 • Accumulation and protection of power and
   wealth / unserviceable debt
          Sustainable Consumption & Fair Trade: www.fta.org.au & www.iypf.org
                                         Sustainable Communities Lecture – 18 August 2005


2. The Challenges – ‘Free’ Trade
  • In the context of ‘economic rationalism’, ‘free’
    trade and ‘the market’ have become key
    paradigms / memes
  • ‘Free’ trade assumes
     – Level playing field
     – No (dis)advantage conferred by experience, position,
       history
     – Perfect information on goods and services
  • Convergence of media, government & business
    interests impact on information
  • Fair trade, sustainability, poverty eradication
    used as arguments for free trade, market
    liberalisation
           Sustainable Consumption & Fair Trade: www.fta.org.au & www.iypf.org
                                       Sustainable Communities Lecture – 18 August 2005


2. The Challenges – Citizens = consumers
  • Previous 3 challenges make our most
    important role that of consumer
  • Labour also important, generates our
    income to purchase goods / services while
    also producing them
  • Consumer confidence, economic
    slowdown, interest rates, recession,
    quarterly profit figures, shareholdings,
    superannuation
  • Example: September 11 2001

         Sustainable Consumption & Fair Trade: www.fta.org.au & www.iypf.org
                                           Sustainable Communities Lecture – 18 August 2005


2. The Challenges – Further Reading
  • Books
    –   George Monbiot, Age of Consent
    –   Braithwaite & Drahos, Global Business Regulation
    –   Drahos & Braithwaite, Information Feudalism
    –   Jared Diamond, Collapse
    –   Ken Wilber, A Brief History of Everything
  • Online
    –   www.richardneville.com
    –   www.icstd.org + /monthly/index.htm
    –   www.unmillenniumproject.org
    –   www.maketradefair.com
    –   www.monbiot.com

             Sustainable Consumption & Fair Trade: www.fta.org.au & www.iypf.org
                                        Sustainable Communities Lecture – 18 August 2005


3. Sustainable Consumption
  • Consumption a political act – ‘the
    challenges’ rest on playing our role
  • SC changes the game




  • Definition?

          Sustainable Consumption & Fair Trade: www.fta.org.au & www.iypf.org
                                        Sustainable Communities Lecture – 18 August 2005


3. Sustainable Consumption
  • Efficient and accurate information
  • Cycles of sustainable consumption and
    production
  • Tackling dominant paradigm head on –
    media, advertising, profits, economic
    primacy
  • Reducing ecological footprint, food miles,
    no sweat shop, fair trade, product labelling
  • Access to clean water, human rights, food,
    shelter, health care

          Sustainable Consumption & Fair Trade: www.fta.org.au & www.iypf.org
                                          Sustainable Communities Lecture – 18 August 2005


3. Sustainable Consumption




  • Source: www.adbusters.org
            Sustainable Consumption & Fair Trade: www.fta.org.au & www.iypf.org
                                          Sustainable Communities Lecture – 18 August 2005


3. Sustainable Consumption




  • Source: www.adbusters.org


            Sustainable Consumption & Fair Trade: www.fta.org.au & www.iypf.org
                                          Sustainable Communities Lecture – 18 August 2005


3. Sustainable Consumption




  • Source: www.adbusters.org


            Sustainable Consumption & Fair Trade: www.fta.org.au & www.iypf.org
                                           Sustainable Communities Lecture – 18 August 2005


3. Sustainable Consumption
  •   Aust Gov’t National Youth Affairs Research Scheme funded
      research on enabling young people as effective change
      agents for more sustainable consumption in their
      communities
  •   IYPF & Griffith University collaboration
      1. Review of academic and policy-related literature, including
         techniques to empower young people and a review of
         sustainable consumption tools and strategies
      2. A national youth survey (224 respondents) & face-to-face
         discussions with key youth reps and informed young people
      3. The design and implementation of a Capacity Building for
         Sustainable Consumption Change Agents in Australia program,
         which included 5 sustainable consumption workshops
      4. A review of a wide range of good practice case studies
      5. A discussion of sustainable consumption policies and
         implications for youth sector policy implementation
  •   See www.iypf.org/IYPF-projects.htm

             Sustainable Consumption & Fair Trade: www.fta.org.au & www.iypf.org
                                         Sustainable Communities Lecture – 18 August 2005


4. Fair Trade
  • Sustainable consumption, responding to
    globalisation, free trade, market liberalisation …
  • Innovative market-based approach to making
    rules of the global economy and trade work for
    disadvantaged and vulnerable producers in
    developing countries
  • Establishes direct links with consumers
  • Fair and stable price for products
  • Support services, capacity building
  • Investment in social, environmental and
    economic development, paid for by developed
    country consumers
           Sustainable Consumption & Fair Trade: www.fta.org.au & www.iypf.org
                                        Sustainable Communities Lecture – 18 August 2005


4. Fair Trade
  Fair Trade is a trading partnership, based on
    dialogue, transparency and respect, that
    seeks greater equity in international trade.
    It contributes to sustainable development
    by offering better trading conditions to,
    and securing the rights of, marginalized
    producers and workers - especially in the
    South. Fair Trade organizations (backed by
    consumers) are engaged actively in
    supporting producers, awareness raising
    and in campaigning for changes in the
    rules and practice of conventional
    international trade." (FINE)
          Sustainable Consumption & Fair Trade: www.fta.org.au & www.iypf.org
                                         Sustainable Communities Lecture – 18 August 2005


4. Fair Trade
  Global Fair Trade
  2 International Fair Trade Networks:
  • Fairtrade Labelling Organizations International
    (FLO) – www.fairtrade.net
    – Product Labelling
  • International Federation of Alternative Trade
    (IFAT) – www.ifat.org
    – Organisational system
  • For more information on fair trade in Australia,
    see www.fta.org.au

           Sustainable Consumption & Fair Trade: www.fta.org.au & www.iypf.org
                                          Sustainable Communities Lecture – 18 August 2005


4. Fair Trade
  FLO Fairtrade System - Standards, Certification and
    Labelling
  • 20 ‘national’ Fairtrade Labelling Organisations
  • More than 375 FLO certified producer organisations in 48
    producing countries
         • Over 800,000 producers
         • Including dependents 5 million people affected
  • More than 249 FLO registered companies worldwide
  • Over 100 companies in 20 countries are licensed to use the
    Fairtrade label
  • Number of product categories is growing rapidly to meet
    market demand (mainly in Europe)
  • COFFEE - More than 190 Fairtrade certified producers,
    670 000 farmers, 24 countries

            Sustainable Consumption & Fair Trade: www.fta.org.au & www.iypf.org
                                        Sustainable Communities Lecture – 18 August 2005


4. Fair Trade
  Fairtrade Labelled products represent:
  • For producers:
       • A fairer deal in a globalised market
       • An effective tool for autonomous
         development through trade
  • For consumers:
       • An informed choice in (mainstream)
         shopping behaviour
       • Consumers’ responsibility & empowerment

          Sustainable Consumption & Fair Trade: www.fta.org.au & www.iypf.org
                                           Sustainable Communities Lecture – 18 August 2005


4. Fair Trade
                           Producer standards
  Structure: Minimum and progress criteria (dev’t approach)
  Criteria include:
      Democracy, Participation of members / workers and
       Transparency
      Non Discrimination
      Economic strengthening of organisation
      Environmental Protection
      Freedom of Association
      Conditions of Employment, Health and Safety


   Two types of standards – small holder and hired labour
   Generic Environmental Standards as of 1 Jan 06


             Sustainable Consumption & Fair Trade: www.fta.org.au & www.iypf.org
                                            Sustainable Communities Lecture – 18 August 2005


4. Fair Trade
                              Trading standards
        Fairtrade Minimum Price (not for all products, e.g. coffee vs tea)
        Premium to invest in social, economic or environmental projects
        Pre-financing
        Medium/long term commitment
        Transparency in the whole trade chain

  Producing Country :
  Producer     Processor                Exporter

  Consuming Country :
  Importer    Manufacturer                    Licensee



              Sustainable Consumption & Fair Trade: www.fta.org.au & www.iypf.org
                                       Sustainable Communities Lecture – 18 August 2005


4. Fair Trade




         Sustainable Consumption & Fair Trade: www.fta.org.au & www.iypf.org
                                        Sustainable Communities Lecture – 18 August 2005


5. Pathways to Action
  • Inform and educate yourself and others
  • Sustainable Consumption
    – Youth & Sustainable Consumption project in
      ACT
    – Personal / collective projects for more
      sustainable consumption
  • Fair Trade
    – Buy fair trade, educate those around you
    – Join / start fair trade groups or projects


          Sustainable Consumption & Fair Trade: www.fta.org.au & www.iypf.org
                                        Sustainable Communities Lecture – 18 August 2005


6. Conclusion
 • Big challenges – reinforcing and interrelated
   global systems of power, paradigms and memes
 • Important, innovative and powerful initiatives to
   transform role of consumer and use methods of
   the powerful to achieve good social,
   environmental and economic outcomes
 • Opportunities to engage with these initiatives for
   creating more sustainable communities for
   ourselves and others are many and varied -
   range from buying differently, to community
   education, to capacity building domestically and
   in developing countries

          Sustainable Consumption & Fair Trade: www.fta.org.au & www.iypf.org
                                      Sustainable Communities Lecture – 18 August 2005


7. Questions




        Sustainable Consumption & Fair Trade: www.fta.org.au & www.iypf.org

								
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