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Transition and EBD: Issues and Possible Solutions Need areas Self-advocacy Employment Post high school education Parenting Community Self Advocacy What is my disability? How is it manifested? What does that mean for me? What accommodations will I need? Education Job site Other Employment Statistics 47.4% competitive employment 3-5 years out of high school (69.4% in general population) 52% unemployment 4 years out of high school (highest of any disability area) Employment Issues Fewer hours or part-time More jobs over lifespan Tend to start later in job force Predictors of successful competitive employment: male, white, Voc. Ed. while in high school, graduation Solutions Teach social skills!! Consider student interest, preference, motivation Provide job orientation Have a plan for on-going support & crisis intervention Social Skills Anger management Cognitive behavioral interventions Empathy training Social skills Job seeking Work adjustment Interactions with supervisor Interactions with co-workers Exiting a job Social skill mechanics: body language, attention Problem solving High School Completion 48.4% graduate - 14 times lower than non- disabled peers Risk factors for early school-exiting: Lower functional skills Lack of vocational education in high school Failure to address social/emotional/behavioral needs Push for absolute standards of achievement in fully inclusive classes with little effort to provide modification or meet emotional needs Post High School Education 25.6% enroll in any post-secondary education (only youth with CD & multiple disabilities were lower) Vocational training: 15.4% 2-year college: 10.1% 4-year college: 4.2% “Smart enough” isn’t the issue Solutions Start early with goal setting Self-advocacy Related issues: financial aid, housing, transportation Non-traditional options On-line Correspondence Independent study, self-designed programs Internships, apprenticeships, support from employer Parenthood Statistics 3-5 years out of high school 18.2% of EBD males are parents 48.4% of EBD females are parents EBD females are 6 times more likely To have had multiple pregnancies To have lost custody of their babies Issues Prenatal & postnatal care for the mother Infant care Day care Parenting skills Grandparents? Solutions Independent, community based projects “Double dip” with regular education Classes in the high school Technical college courses Bartering in community based services Community Living Leisure Accessing services Transportation Citizenry Legal assistance Voting Available services Solutions Community based activities Teach generalization and provide opportunities to practice Are we “including” the student now to the detriment of future inclusion in the community? Other Use IEP to create alternatives Double dip “More employable” Best practices Relatively low staff-to-student ratios Unconditional care and zero-reject Relationships Located off campus and not solely through the school Resources Bullis & Fredericks. Vocational and Transition Services for Adolescents with Emotional and Behavioral Disorders. Research Press, Champaign, IL. http://dpi.wi.gov/sped/ed.html Transition & EBD; Mental Health Fact Sheets; Effective Programming for Students who are EBD; Blueprints for Success; Using Literature to Teach Social Skills; & more!
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