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Symbols of the Olympic Games

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					Symbols of the Olympic Games

Vocabulary:
To represent
To parade                                       Ceremony
To host                                         Flame
To occur                                        Torch relay
Silver                                          bronze

If you have seen the Olympic Games on television, or read about them in the newspaper, you have
probably seen some of the following: an Olympic flag, flames, and torches. These are all symbols of the
games and all have different uses and histories. One symbol of the Olympics is the flag seen flying above
the stadiums. The flag has five rings (blue, yellow, black, green and red) on a white background. The rings
represent the five parts of the world that united in the Olympic movement: Africa, the Americas, Asia,
Australia and Europe. It was created by the Baron de Coubertin, who founded the modern Olympics. The
flag was first used in the 1920 Olympic Games in Antwerp, Belgium. It is paraded during the opening
ceremony of each Olympic Games. At the end of a Olympics, the mayor of the host-city presents the flag
to the mayor of the next host-city. The flag will stay in the town hall of the next host-city until the next
Olympic Games, four years later.
Other symbols are the torch and the flame. The tradition of the Olympic flame began during the ancient
Olympic Games, over 27000 years ago in Greece. A flame was lit for each Olympics, every four years and
burned throughout the Games. The flame represented the death and rebirth of Greek heroes. There was no
torch relay in the ancient Olympics. The first torch relay occurred at the 1936 games in Berlin, Germany.
For each Olympics, a new flame is started in the ancient Olympic stadium in Olympia,Greece. This flame
begins its Olympic Torch Relay by touring Greece. The flame is usually taken to the country where the
games will be held (usually by airplane). The flame is then carried around the country where the games are
to be held, using different torches carried by people running, walking, riding horses and camels, scuba
diving, etc. The last runner uses a torch to light the large Olympic torch that burns during the games. The
flame is put out during the closing ceremony. A new Olympic torch is made for each game.
We also see the winners of the events presented with medals. The first place winner receives a gold medal,
the second place receives silver, and the third place receives bronze.

I.         Use the new vocabulary to fill in the blanks:

1.     Runners begin the __________ in Olympia, Greece and end in the host city.
2.     A second place gymnast will receive a _________ medal.
3.     Usually the host city plans a big and exciting opening __________ to capture the attention of the
       whole world.
4.     The first Olympic Games ______________ in Athens, Greece.
5.     If a city wants to _______ the games, they must build a lot of stadium and houses for the athletes.
6.     Even though it means third place, hopefully most athletes are happy with their ________ medal.
7.     The colors of the Ukrainian flag _________ a blue sky and fields of wheat.
8.     The Olympic _________ is carried around the world before the games begins.
9.     During the opening ceremony, all the athletes that take part will ________ around the Olympic
       stadium carrying their national flags.

II. Fill in the Chart with information from the text:

Symbol              What It Looks Like          What Does it Represent?             The History

Flag


Flame

				
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