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					       GOVERNMENT OF KARNATAKA
   DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, KOLAR
        ZILLA PANCHAYATH, KOLAR
                  AND
DIRECTORATE OF EXTENSION, UAS, BANGALORE




   STRATEGIC RESEARCH AND
      EXTENSION PLAN OF
  KOLAR DISTRICT, KARNATAKA



                   Prepared by

  Agricultural Technology Management Agency
                   (ATMA)
        Kolar District, Karnataka State


              Under the guidance of

            MANAGE , Hyderabad

                     2005


                                              1
Officers and Scientists involved in preparation
              of this Document.
Sl.              Name                            Designation
No.
 1. Dr. H. Subbaiah                Joint Director of Agriculture, Kolar
 2. Dr. H. Khader Khan             Extension Leader,
                                   EEU, Directorate of Extension, UAS,
                                   Hebbal, Bangalore-560024.
3.    Dr. Y. N. Lakshminarayana    Associate Professor (Soil Science)
      Murthy                       EEU, Directorate of Extension, UAS,
                                   Hebbal, Bangalore-560024.
4.    Dr. G. N. Nagaraja           Farm Management Specialist
                                   EEU, Directorate of Extension, UAS,
                                   Hebbal, Bangalore-560024.
5.    Mr. K.N. Chandregowda        SREP Coordinator, Kolar District
6.    Mr. V. Suryanarayana Reddy   Crop Specialist
                                   EEU, Directorate of Extension, UAS,
                                   Hebbal, Bangalore-560024.
7.    Dr. T. C. Narayana Swamy     Associate Professor (Horticulture)
                                   EEU, Directorate of Extension, UAS,
                                   Hebbal, Bangalore-560024.
8.    Mr. M. Venkatramana Reddy    Assistant Director of Agriculture,
                                   Office of the Joint Director Agriculture,
                                   Kolar
9.    Mr. Veerabramachari          Assistant Director of Agriculture,
                                   Siddlagatta
10.   Mr. S.V. Kumar               Assistant Director of Sericulture,
                                   Bangarpet
11.   Dr. K. N. Venkatesh          Vety. Doctor, PC. Halli Extension, Kolar
12.   Smt. Shobha Patil            Agriculture Officer, RSK, Kolar
13.   Mr. K. H. Pandu              Agriculture Officer, Kolar




                                                                               2
                           ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

       I take this opportunity to thank the following scientists and departmental
officials who have involved in preparation, revision and finalization of SREP
document.

     First and foremost, I wish to express my deep sense of gratitude to Dr. H.
Khader Khan, Team Leader, Extension Education Unit, Hebbal, Bangalore-24
and his team members Dr. Y. N. Lakshminarayana Murthy, Dr. G. N.
Nagaraja, Dr. V. Suryanarayana Reddy, Dr. T.C. Narayana Swamy and Mr.
K.N. Chandregowda, (SREP Co-ordinator).

       I am immensely grateful to Dr. Abdul Kareem, MANAGE, Hyderabad,
for his constant help and encouragement rendered during field visits, providing
valuable information, technical guidance and in preparation, revision and
validation of SREP document. I am also grateful to Dr. M. N. Reddy, Director of
Extension Reforms and other faculty members of Manage, Hyderabad.

       The entire district level officials, farmers of AES villages and core team of
SREP, Kolar , extended their co-operation and help in preparation of this
document. Among the team members and departmental officials Mr.
Veerabrahmachari, Mr. S. V. Kumar, Mr. K. N. Venkatesh, Dr. K. Shekar
Reddy, Smt. Shobha Patil and Mr. K. H. Pandu have contributed in a big way
in collection, analysis and interpretation of data and in successful completion of
this “Model SREP Document”.

       Finally, I would like to thank all those who guided in SREP finalization, in
particular Commissionarate of Agriculture, Bangalore, Directorate of Extension,
UAS, Bangalore, Manage, Hyderabad and Zilla Panchayat, Kolar.


                                                  (Dr. H. SUBBAIAH)
                                             Joint Director of Agriculture,
                                              Kolar & Member Secretary,
                                                ATMA District Level
                                                 Steering Committee




                                                                                  3
                                 CONTENTS


    Chapter                                Topic                       Page No.
I             Introduction
II            Methodology
III           Background information about the district
IV            Description of ongoing extension and development
              activities in the district
V             Identification, Description and Analysis on Existing
              Farming Systems under each AES
VI            SWOT analysis of Existing Farming Systems in
              different AES
VII           Proposed Extension Strategies
VIII          Proposed Research Strategies
IX            Natural Resource Management
X             Baseline data in respect of interventions likely to be
              carried out by ATMA
XI            Vision for Kolar district
XII           Activity Schedule of Extension and Research
              Strategies
XIII          Marketing and Media Strategy
XIV           Operational Modalities




                                                                                  4
                      DETAILED CONTENTS LIST

Sl.                              Contents                                Page
No.                                                                      No.

I     Introduction
II    Methodology
III   Background introduction about the district development
      activities in the district
1A    General Features of Kolar district
1B    Introduction on occurrence of Drought / Floods in Kolar dt.
2A    Spread of AES in Kolar district
2B    Representative village of each AES for the district
2C    Weather information
3A    Area, production & Productivity of important commodities in
      Kolar district
3B    Details on crops and cropping systems in Kolar district
3C    Information on Live stock status in Kolar district
4A    Information on infrastructure facilities in Kolar district
4B    Organic inputs used in the Kolar district
4D    Details of Medicinal, Aromatic and other minor forest by
      products of Kolar district
5A    Demographic information of the Kolar district
5B    Introduction on operational land holdings in Kolar district
5.1   AES and villages selected for participatory data collection
5.2   No. & Area of operational land Holders
5.3   Demographic information of the village
6A    Information in land use pattern in the Kolar district
7A    Information on Rainfed and Irrigated Area in Kolar district
8.    Information on Research and extension Activity in Kolar district
9A    Information regarding Markets in the Kolar district
9B    Public Private Partnership initiatives in Kolar district
      Existing Public – Private – Partnership, Kolar district
9C    Movement and flow pattern of different commodities from
      regulated markets
9D    Information on market infrastructure facilities available in the
      Kolar district
10    Information on Agro-processing facilities available in and
      outside the district.
                                                                                5
11A List of credit institutions in operation for Agriculture & allied
    sectors in Kolar district.
11B Information on credit extended by other than Local Banks
 12 Information on Input & service facilities in Kolar district
13  List of farmers Groups & organization working in Kolar district
14  Information & communication system prevailing in Kolar
    district
IV  Description of on going extension & Development activities
    in the district
V   Identification, Description & analysis of existing farming
    systems under each AES
    Transact Map of AES villages of kolar district & other Basic
    details
    Details about EFS in the representative village of on AES in
    Kolar district
    Major enterprises associated with EFS under each Resource
    Situation in representative villages of Kolar district
    Contribution of different enterprises towards annual income
    under each EFS in the Kolar districts
    Trend about growth & existing enterprise / commodities
    livestock in the representative village district
    Analysis of problems with regard to EFS in Kolar district
    Type of changing scenario in Rural Areas that is having bearing
    on EFS in Kolar district
    Type of New market opportunities in Urban / Rural areas which
    are having bearing on farming systems
    Diversification & Intensification of farming systems in each
    resource situation in representative villages
    Gap in adoption and proposed strategy for promoting the
    modified farming systems in each resource situation in
    representative village
    Identification of different farming situation in each crop in
    existing farming system
    Type of farming situations under which important agriculture
    crops are cultivated
    Gap in adoption and proposed extension strategy for improving
    the productivity / income from different enterprises, in each
    resource situation in representative villages
    Sericulture
    Agriculture
    Horticulture
    Animal Husbandry
    Fisheries
                                                                        6
     Proposed strategy for promoting
         - Integrated Nutrient Management
         - Integrated Pest Management
         - Supply of seeds and Multiplication
         - Strategies for seed replacement & Organizing seed village
            scheme in Kolar district
         - Horticultural planting Material
         - Issue for policy consideration in Agriculture
VI   SWOT analysis
     Critical issue / gap relating to extension relevance to AES in
     different enterprise
     Type of Gaps / reasons for gap adoption to technologies in Kolar
     district
     Identification of critical issues, problems & opportunities
     Gap in adoption of improved technology in representative
     villages of different AES
         - Agriculture
         - Horticulture
         - Animal Husbandry
         - Sericulture
VII Proposed extension strategies of different enterprises in
     relevance to different AES
         - Critical issue & Farmers proposed extension strategies
         - Strategies for promoting FIG‟s & FO‟s in kolar dt.
VIII Proposed Research strategies
9.1 Farmers participatory on Farm research
9.2 On station Research Strategies from different AES in Kolar
     district
IX   Natural resource Management
X    Baseline data in respect of interventions likely to be carried
     out by ATMA
XI   Vision for Kolar district
XII Activity Schedule of Extension and Research Strategies
XIII Marketing and Media Strategy
XIV Operational Modalities




                                                                        7
INTRODUCTION




               8
                                 INTRODUCTION


      Agricultural sector continues to be the pivotal sector in the Indian economy
providing employment, livelihood, food nutrient and ecological securities.
Agriculture and allied activities contribute about 29 percent to the gross domestic
product and the growth rate of agriculture is around 2 percent. Indian Agriculture
employs 69 percent of the total work force and it is the major source of poverty
alleviation empowerment of the agrarian folk and corner stone of development of
India as well as other developing countries. As a result of sustained efforts, food
grain production has increased from 50.8 million tones in 1950-51 to 212.0 million
tones in 2002-03.
      There is an urgent need to accelerate agricultural growth to address issues on
food security, nutritional adequacy, and rural income generation, Employment and
poverty. Despite higher promotion per capital availability of food over time has not
increased significantly. The urban and rural divide and regional disparities are on
the increase.


      Based on this fact, the Agro-Ecological Situation (AES) approach evolved
under National Agricultural Technology Project (NATP). This participatory
approach is crucial here not only to increase the relevancy of a programme but also
to make best use of available indigenous knowledge. The qualitative difference as
compared to other existing projects lies in the fact that NATP is based exclusively
upon bottom-up approach. Under NATP, seven states covering 28 districts i.e. 4
districts from each state (Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand,
Maharashtra, Orissa and Punjab) fairly representing each Agro-Climate Zone
(ACZ), have been selected where Agricultural Technology management Agency
(ATMA) as an autonomous body at the district level has been established for pilot
testing of new institutional arrangements. These aim towards integrated extension
                                                                                   9
delivery, adopting bottom up planning procedure, establishment of linkage among
research-extension-farmer-NGO‟s / Corporate sector market, making the
technology dissemination farmer driven and farmer accountable, ensure women
participation in agriculture and create information connectivity to all blocks with
district level ATMA with an ultimate aim of economic emancipation of the
farming community.


      Karnataka in the eighth biggest state in the Country and its economic
development depend on agriculture. The total geographical area of the state is
190.50 lakh hectares with 107 lakh hectares under cultivation and only 24 percent
of land is under irrigation and remaining 76 percent under rain fed farming.


      According to some experts, higher degree of efficiency, quick decision,
starting of activities without delay are some of the positive aspects of planning
from Top. They also see certain disadvantages in the participatory planning
process, viz., it is time consuming, discussion and decision-making process within
large and heterogeneous group on different levels is difficult and complicated. The
negative side of planning from above is low social acceptance as transparency is
not ensured and people are less willing to participate in the implementation
process. The long tradition of development planning from „outside‟ and from
„above‟ is in itself not too impressive. People‟s involvement in planning is now
being recognized by all as essential for rural development. The true essence of
participatory planning and participatory monitoring & Evaluation (PM & E), lies in
total involvement and decision-making by people at every stage of Project
Formulation, Implementation, Monitoring and Evaluation.


      A number of Management tools have been developed which are helpful in
facilitating farmers involvement in an effective manner. Based upon these tools,
participatory methodology has been worked out for preparing the Strategic

                                                                                10
Research and Extension Plan (SREP). The present document has emerged through
application of such tools in a limited number of villages by selected Multi-
disciplinary team of Kolar district.


      The SREP has two sections i.e. diagnostic section and strategy section. In
the diagnostic section, information about the district and different Agro-ecological
situations along with analysis of participatory data at the selected villages and
SWOT analysis of the existing farming system are covered. In the strategy section,
the proposed research and extension strategies and various activities under each
strategic are explained. The modalities and operational guidelines are also
indicated in the SREP.




                                                                                 11
METHODOLOGY




              12
                            ||.   METHODOLOGY:


      The strategic research extension plan basically has two Sections namely
“Diagnostic” section and „ Strategic section‟. The diagnostic section has two
subsections namely information and analysis. In the information sub section,
information from the different line departments gathered and recorded along with
the detailed data of the representative village under each AES.


   In the Analysis‟ subsection the data so obtained is analysed. The whole process
was carried out in steps as described in the following paragraphs.


   1) The state level orientation workshop on extension reforms for two days was
      organized at the Commissionerate of Agriculture, Bangalore on 21st and
      22nd of June 2005.
             Heads of department, Director of Extension of UAS Bangalore,
      Dharwad and Karnataka Veterinary, Animal & Fisheries Sciences
      University Bidar and SREP Co-ordinaters of University of
      Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore, CEO‟s and district heads of allied
      departments participated.


   2) A Training programme for SREP Co-ordinators, master trainers for different
      faculties and representations from NGO‟s was organized at the Staff
      Training Unit, UAS, Bangalore from 18-8-2005 to 25-8-2005 for 8 days.
      This training was given by scientists from MANAGE, Hyderabad.




                                                                               13
       3) Identification of Agro ecological situation (AESs) and constructing AESs
            teams. The district has been divided into three AES. The following villages
            have been identified as representative village of each AES.




        AES Criteria for selecting AES                  Name        of   Name of taluks
Sl.
        No.                                             Representati     Covered
No
                                                        ve Village
1       1       Red loam soils, Irrigation tanks        Thotli           1.Kolar
                and Bore well, under rain fed           Kolar taluk      2. Malur
                source, Major crops including                            3. Bangarpet
                vegetable crops Particularly                             4. Mulbagal
                Hybrid Tomato, Potato                                    5.Parts of
                Eucalyptus and Mango Plantation                            Chikkaballapura
                in aerable lands. Dairying is the                           taluk
                major subsidiary Occupation
                as a source of Income.
        2       Red sandy loamy soils. Poor in          Achepalli,  1. Bagepalli
                soil fertility and soil depth. Tanks    Bagepalli   2 Gowribidanur
                are the major irrigation source.        taluk       3. Gudibande
                Dry land agriculture is                             4. Parts of
                predominant in this AES. Less                       Chikkaballapura,
                emphasis on dairying and                            Srinivasapura and
                sericulture.                                        SidlaghattaTaluks.
        3       Mostly lateritic soils. Major area      Malamacha – 1. Chinthamani
                is under rain fed situation but bore     nahalli,   2. Parts of
                well, and tanks are the major           Sidlaghatta Chikkaballapura,
                sources of irrigation. Sericulture is    taluk      Srinivasapura and
                the main subsidiary occupation .                    SidlaghattaTaluks
                Dairying is also equally important
                enterprise.

       Agro ecological situations were identified based on soil type and crop coverage
    of Kolar district i.e. farming system under different enterprises and these AES
    were identified with in the district in consultation with the Scientists of extension
    education unit, UAS Bangalore, NGO‟s working in the district and officials of
    Agriculture and other line departments.         One village in each agro ecological


                                                                                         14
situations was selected thus there were 3 villages representing 3 Agro ecological
situations in the Kolar district.


      4. The district core team consisting of district officers of line department and
         AES team was formed. (Annexure - I)

      5. From 24-8-2005 to 29-8-2005 a training was given to 23 officers of the core
         group from the line department in 3 AES involving interactions of
         progressive farmers, NGO‟s, university scientists. Further training was given
         at district ATMA office for two days on 24th and 25th August 2005 and field
         level Training at village level was organized from 26th – 29th August 2005 in
         the representative village of each AES.
      The following master trainers were involved in conducting training programme
      for district core team
  Sl.     Name and address
 No.
 1.       Dr. H. Subbaiah, Joint Director of Agriculture, Kolar district
 2.       Dr. H. Khader Khan, Extension Leader, EEU, UAS, Hebbal
 3.       Dr. Y. N. Lakshminarayana Murthy, Associate Professor (Soil Science),
          EEU, UAS, Hebbal
 4.       Mr. V. Surayanarayana Reddy, Crop Specialist, EEU, UAS, Hebbal
 5.       Dr. T. C. Narayanaswamy, Horticultural Specialist, EEU, UAS, Hebbal
 6.       Dr. G. N. Nagaraja, Farm Management Specialist, EEU, UAS, Hebbal
 7.       Mr. K. N. Chandre Gowda, Associate Professor (Extn.),
          SREP Co-ordinator, Kolar, EEU, UAS, Hebbal


The core team members were oriented on the following Aspects.
            1. Reforms in extensions – Institutional and Operational
            2. Orientation on SREP

                                                                                   15
         3. Forming system approach (FSA), Forming situation based extension
             (FSBA)
         4. Sustainability issues like
         a. Integrated nutrient management (INM)
         b. Integrated pest management (IPM)
         c. Integrated disease management (IDM)
         5. Gender participation issues
         6. Gathering information on ITKs
         7. Farmers organizations, Marketing and agricultural processing issues
             and Implications.
         8. Identification and documentation of success stories
         9. SWOT Analysis
         10.Participatory concept and approaches.
         11.Participatory tools and Techniques and preparation for field exercise.
         12.Field exercise on participatory data collection
         13.Presentation of reports – consolidation, clarification of formats for
             collection of data from representative villages.
         14.Planning for data collection from representative villages


 6. Collection of data from representative villages of each AES.
      The whole groups of district & Taluk level Officers were divided into 3 AES
teams. The data was collected through PRA techniques.
      After collection of data core team members assembled at JDA Office Kolar
for consolidation of data and experience gathered from formers of the
representative village from 26th to 29th of August 2005.


7. Preparation of final report.
      After the presentation of initial findings, by each AES teams, district level
Officers of line department, NGO‟s Scientists from UAS, Bangalore and

                                                                                 16
progressive farmers suggested some modifications and alteration on the report.
These suggestions were incorporated in the report and the final SREP draft was
prepared




      BACKGROUND INFORMATION
         ABOUT THE DISTRICT




                                                                            17
III.   BACK GROUND INFORMATION ABOUT THE DISTRICT.

             Kolar district is a drought prone district categorised under Agro
       Climatic Zone – 5 and has basically agriculture oriented economy.          It
       receives low, Scanty and uneven distributed rainfall with shallow and poor
       soils. The district is scattered with hilly rocks.
             It belongs to the maidan group of district (Plains). It is situated
       between 120 46` and 130 58` north latitude and 770 21` and 78038` East
       latitude. It is surrounded by Chittor district of Andhra Pradesh by East,
       Bangalore Rural district by West, Krishnagiri district of Tamil Nadu by
       South, Ananthpur District of Andhra Pradesh by North. It is about 2727 ft
       above the main sea level. It has an area of 8223 sq. KMS. The habitat
       villages are 2893 and 432 becharak Villages. The district has 11 Taluks, 2
       revenue subdivisions Viz., Kolar and Chikkaballapur, 53 Hoblies, 306
       Grama panchayaths and 13 Town Municipalities.
             Kolar district has a total geographical area of 7.79 lakh hectares, and
       the total cultivable area is 3.97 lakh hectares out of which net sown area is
       3.62 lakh ha. The area under irrigation is only 0.92 lakh hectares.
             Kolar district enjoys modern climate through out the year. The year
       can be divided into 3 seasons. Winter Season is from December to February.
       The period from March to May constitutes the summer season and the kharif
       season is from June to November. Most of the rainfall received during the
       Southwest monsoon season is from June to October. The average rainfall
       of the district is 743.9 m.m as against the state average of 920 mm. The
       average number of rainy days is 45 per year. There is a large variation in
       rainfall from year to year.
             Kolar district is a land of silk, milk, gold and mango located in to
       southeastern part of Karnataka state. The Historical famous temples in kolar
       are Kolaramma, Somanatheshwara built during Chola Dynasty and

                                                                                 18
Kotilingeshwar, at Kamasamudram in Bangarpet Taluk. There is a
shatashrunga parvatha (Seven hills) Known as ANTHARA GANGE. The
famous tourist places of district are Nandihills and birthplace of Sir M.
Visweswaraiah famous renowned states man in Chikkaballapur taluk.
      The major crops of the district are cereals (Finger Millet, Maize,
Paddy), pulses (Horse gram, Red gram, Dolichos etc.) oil seeds (Groundnut,
Sunflower).
      A variety of fruits (mango, tamarind, grapes, guava & sapota)
vegetables (tomato, brinzal, Cabbage & Chillies Etc.) & flowers
(chrysanthemum, roses, crossandra, jasmine) with high interstate market are
also grown in the district.
      The cultivation of Mulberry & rearing silk worm under tube well /
tanks/ well irrigation is the other flourishing enterprise.
      In recent years, large area is being brought under perennial tree
horticulture crops (Mango, Cashew, Tamarind) forestry (Eucalyptus,
Casuarinas) for better returns. Thus the traditional rainfed agricultural lands
are being brought under more remunerative Agro + Horticulture & Agro +
Forestry systems.




                                                                            19
20
                                                                       TABLE - 1 A

                                         GENERAL FEATURES OF KOLAR DISTRICT, KARNATAKA

Sl.     Name of the    Geo-     No. of    No. of                                                 Information
No        Taluk        grap-    Gram      revenue         Average Rainfall (in mm) and rainy days           Temperature (0C)            Relative Humidity
                       hica1    Pancha    village                                                                                              (%)
                       Area     yats                      2002               2003                2004         2002    2003    2004    2002    2003   2004
                       (ha)                              Actual             Actual              Actual
                                                        rain fall          rain fall           rain fall
                                                    Avg.      No.of   Avg.        No.     Avg.        No.     Min-    Min-    Min-    Min-    Min-    Min
                                                    rain      rainy   rain        of      rain        of      Max     Max     Max     Max     Max     Max
                                                    fall      days    fall        rainy   fall        rainy
                                                    in                in mm       days    in mm       days
                                                    mm
1.    Bagepalli        90009    24        212       341.8    28       497.7      35       469.9      34       NA      NA      NA      NA      NA      NA
2.    Bangarpet        74520    37        355       445.8    32       571.4      44       572.4      45       NA      NA      NA      NA      NA      NA
3.    Chikkaballapur   55612    22        223       375.9    29       557.9      38       557.9      39       NA      NA      NA      NA      NA      NA
4.    Chintamani       86697    34        339       593.6    31       738.2      40       738.2      41       20.16   20.66   20.80   70.86   72.82   48.56
                                                                                                              28.18   29.81   28.98   81.15   82.95   71.91
5.    Gowribidanur     86727    36        219       387.7    26       611.6      28       611.6      28       NA      NA      NA      NA      NA      NA
6.    Gudibande        21645    7         85        413.0    31       412.8      31       463.0      31       NA      NA      NA      NA      NA      NA
7.    Kolar            69210    36        327       540.1    40       544.8      44       548.8      48       NA      NA      NA      NA      NA      NA
8.    Malur            63166    28        317       666.7    42       765.3      42       761.0      41       NA      NA      NA      NA      NA      NA
9.    Mulbagal         82246    30        314       628.9    41       571.4      30       570.4      29       NA      NA      NA      NA      NA      NA
10.   Siddlagatta      63811    27        243       336.6    27       588.2      29       588.2      30       NA      NA      NA      NA      NA      NA
11.   Srinivasapura    85824    25        296       509.6    42       561.1      30       561.1      30       NA      NA      NA      NA      NA      NA
      District Total   779467   306       2930      476.3    34       583.6      36       588.1      33       NA      NA      NA      NA      NA      NA




                                                                                                                                                      21
                                                           TABLE: I B


      INFORMATION ON OCCURRENCE OF DROUGHTS / FLOODS IN KOLAR DISTRICT

SL.    Name of the       Occurrence of           Year           Severity      % Cropped area       Livestock     % of
No.      Taluk          drought / floods    (Last 10 Years)     M / S / VS       affected          Mortality     farm
                                                                                                    (No. of    families
                                                                                                   animals)    affected
 1.   Bagepalli             Drought           2002-03-04           VS                83                -          92
 2.   Bangarpet             Drought           2002-03-04           M                 53                -          60
 3.   Chikkaballapur        Drought           2002-03-04           M                 52                -          62
 4.   Chintamani            Drought           2002-03-04            S                67                -          71
 5.   Gowribidanur          Drought           2002-03-04            S                68                -          75
 6.   Gudibande             Drought           2002-03-04           VS                81                -          90
 7.   Kolar                 Drought           2002-03-04            S                62                -          70
 8.   Malur                 Drought           2002-03-04           M                 52                -          52
 9.   Mulbagal              Drought           2002-03-04            S                64                -          72
10.   Sidlagatta            Drought           2002-03-04            S                63                -          71
11.   Srinivasapura         Drought           2002-03-04            S                68                -          73

 Note: M – Mild        S – Severe           VS – Very severe     (As per GOI / States parameter)

 Note: There is no livestock mortality due to drought because of the following:
    1. Ample supply of fodder from other parts of the country
    2. Timely vaccinations and health care of livestock by the officers of State Department of AH & VS
    3. Proper care of animals by the owners of this District.




                                                                                                                          22
                                                                          TABLE: 2 A

                                                            SPREAD OF AES IN KOLAR DISTRICT

SL   Name      Area (ha)   % of       Name       Area       % Of               TI                  T2           T3             T4             T5                T6
No   of the                Geogra     of AES     (ha)       Geogra
     AEZ                   -phical.                         phical
                           Area of                          area
                           the                              of the
                           District                         District
                           .                                .
                                                                       Area         %      Area     %      Area   %       Area    %      Area     %      Area     %
                                                                       Kolar               Malur           Mulbagal       Bangarpet      Parts of
                                                                                                                                         Chikkballpur
1    Easter    18,08,217   43.1       Thotli     307680     39.4       69210        22.5   63166    20.5   82246   26.7   74520   24.2   18538 6.1
     n Dry
     zone-
     5
                                      Ache-      291716     37.4       Gowribidanur        Bagepalli       Gudibande      Parts of       Parts of        Parts of
                                      palli                                                                               Chikkballpur   Srinavasapura   siddlagatta
     Total     18,08,217   43.1                                        86727 29.7          90009 30.0      21645 7.4      18538 6.4      42992 6.4       31706 11.8
                                      Mala-      180071     23.2       Chintamani          Parts of        Parts of       Parts of
                                      machan                                               ChikkaballaPu   Sidlagatta     Srinivaspura
                                      -ahalli                                              r
                                                                       86697 48.1          18536 10.3      32105 17.8     42832 23.8
                                      District   7,79,467   100        2,42,634            1,71,711        1,35,996       1,35,890       61,530          31,706
                                      Total



             Note :
              T1, T2, T3 ……………. are the Blocks




                                                                                                                                                         23
                                                       TABLE: 2B


           REPRESENTATIVE VILLAGE OF EACH AGRO-ECOLOGICAL SITUATION FOR THE DISTRICT.



Sl.   Name of the Agro-     Name of the       Taluks covered                                      Representative
No    climatic zone (ACZ)   Agro-Ecological                                                       village
                            Situation (AES)
1     Eastern dry zone -5   AES-I             Kolar, Malur, Mulbagal, parts of Chikkaballapur,    Thotli
                                              Bangarpet
                            AES-II            Gowribidanur, Bagepalli, Gudibande and parts of     Achepalli
                                              Chikkaballapur, Srinivaspur, Sidlagatta.
                            AES-III           Chintamani, Parts of Chikkaballapur, Sidlagatta &   Malamachanahalli
                                              Srinivaspura




                                                                                                                     24
                                                      TABLE: 2C
                                 WEATHER INFORMATION OF KOLAR DISTRICT


Year      Rainfall (mm)       Temperature (0c)      Relative Humidity      Wind velocity            Sunshine hours
                                                           (%)              (Km/Hr)
        Avera     (No.of       Max        Min        AM         PM                         Kharif       Rabi         Summer
         ge        rainy
                   days)
1995    722.0       38         27.7      17.90       74.16       51.80           -          NA           NA           NA
1996    953.7       41         29.6      13.20       70.80       47.20           -          NA           NA           NA
1997    690.3       28        30.75      18.15       70.60       44.60           -          NA           NA           NA
1998    918.2       42        31.10      17.80       71.30       43.40           -          NA           NA           NA
1991    755.8       39        30.00      16.10       72.00       44.50           -          NA           NA           NA
2000    845.4       32        34.00      19.10       72.60       46.20           -          NA           NA           NA
2001    904.8       40        33.15      19.34       72.16       49.80           -          NA           NA           NA
2002    476.3       18        28.18      20.16       78.60       45.50           -          NA           NA           NA
2003    588.2       31        29.81      20.66       82.95       72.80         8.63         NA           NA           NA
2004    772.4       38        28.98      20.80       71.91       48.56         7.47         NA           NA           NA

 (Average Rainfall of Kolar district is 744.00 mm) ** NA (Not available)




                                                                                                                              25
                              Avearge rain fall in Kolar district

                 1200

                 1000

rain fall (mm)    800

                  600

                  400

                  200

                    0
                        1995 1996 1997 1998 1991 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
                                               years




                                                                            26
27
                             No.of rainy days in Kolar district

             45
             40
             35




Rainy days
             30
             25
             20
             15
             10
              5
              0
                  1995 1996 1997 1998 1991 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
                                           Years




                                                                      28
                                         Relative humidity in Kolar district


                              90




Relative humidity (AM & PM)
                              80

                              70                                                       AM
                                                                                       PM
                              60

                              50

                              40
                                   1995 1996 1997 1998 1991 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
                                                           Years




                                                                                            29
                                             TABLE: 3A


          AREA, PRODUCTION AND PRODUCTIVITY OF IMPORTANT COMMODITIES IN

                                         KOLAR DISTRICT

Sl.    Name of
No.      the                 1995                     2000                      2004
      commodity
                     A         P       PY      A        P      PY       A         P       PY
1     Paddy         13936     37748     2.70   9037    23755    2.63     9000     21060    2.34
2     Maize          7462     28230     3.80 14545     57525    3.95    24366     72200    2.96
3     Ragi          94101    160150     1.70 117621   191700    1.63   102745    123294    1.20
4     Red gram      12917     15500     1.20   8063     9981    1.24     6045      7254    1.20
5     Groundnut     91279     87246     1.00 50544     57095    1.13    50265     40920    0.82
6     Sunflower      2138      2672     1.23   1257     1561    1.24     2000      1700    0.85
7     Potato          475      7290    15.43   5138    96550   18.80     5620    111635   19.86
8     Tomato         1125     17481    15.22   1497    37425   25.00     7532    168906   35.70

       A- Area in ha.
       P- Production in M. tons.
       PY- Productivity in tons / ha




                                                                                                  30
                                                        TABLE: 3A
            PRODUCTION AND PRODUCTIVITY OF IMPORTANT COMMODITIES UNDER EACH AES
                           ENTERPRISE-WISE FOR THE KOLAR DISTRICT

  AES – 1                                  Name of the representative village: Thotli
   Sl.   Name of the               1995                          2000                            2004
  No.     commodity         A        P        PY        A           P         PY       A            P       PY
   1.   Paddy               7329    20338       2.8     4908       13150        2.7      3600        8640     2.4
   2.   Maize               1183     4620       3.9      858         3580       4.2      2800        8680     3.1
   3.   Ragi               46160    79920       1.7    54800       91000        1.7     41000       51250    1.25
   4.   Redgram             5558     6670       1.2     2225         2711       1.2      1145        1320    1.15
   5.   Groundnut          22036    21247       1.0     3590         4145       1.2      8800        7040    0.80
   6.   Sun flower           509       636      1.2      204          251       1.2      4000         320    0.80
   7.   Potato               225     3645      16.2     2820       54426       19.3      2920       59870    20.5
   8.   Tomato               650    10401     16.02      770       20790       27.0      4500      166500      37
  AES – 2                             Name of the representative village: Achepally
                                   1995                          2000                            2004
                            A        P        PY        A           P         PY       A            P       PY
   1.   Paddy               3149     8360       2.7     1968         5065       2.6      3100        7100    2.29
   2.   Maize               4761    17800       3.7    12374       48800        3.9     15500       44950    2.90
   3.   Ragi               26022    43400       1.7    32695       51900        1.6     26500       31800    1.20
   4.   Redgram             4448     5337       1.2     3696         4606       1.2      3400        4320    1.27
   5.   Groundnut          48183    45950       1.0    38540       44172        1.1     28000       23520    0.84
   6.   Sun flower          1314     1642       1.2      832         1037       1.2      1250        1185    0.95
   7.   Potato               175     2430     13.80     1640       28700       17.5      1650       32340    19.6
   8.   Tomato               340     5100     15.00      520       11440       22.0      2350       79900   34.00
  AES – 3                                 Name of the representative village: Malamachanahalli
                                   1995                          2000                            2004
                            A        P        PY        A           P         PY       A            P       PY
   1.   Paddy               3458     9050       2.6     2161         5540       2.6      2300        5290     2.3
   2.   Maize               1518     5810       3.8     1313         5145       3.9      6066       17835    2.94
   3.   Ragi               21919    36830       1.7    30126       48800        1.6     35245       40530    1.15
   4.   Redgram             2911     3493       1.2     2142         2664       1.2      1500        1800    1.20
   5.   Groundnut          21060    20049       1.0     8414         8778       1.0     14465       11860    0.82
   6.   Sun flower           315       394      1.3      221          273       1.2       350         315    0.90
   7.   Potato                75     1215      16.2      678       13424       19.8      1050       19425    18.5
   8.   Tomato               135     1980     14.66      207         5382        26       682       22506    33.0
A-Area in ha,          P- Production in M. tons,        PY- Productivity in tons / ha

                                                                                                                    31
                                                              TABLE: 3B


                          DETAILS ON CROPS AND CROPPING SYSTEMS IN KOLAR DISTRICT (2003-04)

Sl.       Taluks                                                 Major crops                                             Cropping Systems
No                     Name           Area (ha)        Name          Area (ha)       Name                Area (ha)
                               Irrigated    Rainfed           Irrigated    Rainfed                Irrigated   Rainfed
1.    Bagepalli        Paddy        650          100   Ragi        850        3400   Groundnut          50       19500 Groundnut + Tur
2     Bangarpet        Paddy        670          830   Ragi        900       13800   Groundnut         150         700 Ragi + Avare
3     Chikkaballapur   Paddy        400           50   Ragi        800        9900   Ground nut         50        1000 Ragi + Avare
4     Chintamani       Paddy       1450          300   Ragi       1200        9600   Groundnut          50        6500 Ragi + Avare
5     Gowribidanur     Paddy        850          200   Ragi       1200        5700   Groundnut         250        8550 Groundnut + Tur
6     Gudibande        Paddy        100           50   Ragi        150        4000   Groundnut          50        4150 Groundnut + Tur
7     Kolar            Paddy        400          250   Ragi        750       12100   Groundnut           -         200 Ragi + Avare
8.    Malur            Paddy        350          200   Ragi       1500       10100   Groundnut         100         150 Ragi + Avare
9     Mulbagal         Paddy        750          350   Ragi        600       12000   Groundnut          50        5050 Groundnut+Tur +
                                                                                                                       Ragi + Avare
10    Sidlagatta       Paddy        350          100 Ragi          650       11300 Groundnut            50        1150 Ragi + Avare
11    Srinivaspur      Paddy        400          200 Ragi          650        8900 Groundnut             -        2750 Groundnut + Tur
      District Total               6370         2630              9200      100800                     800       49700




                                                                                                                                  32
                                                            TABLE: 3C
                       INFORMATION ON LIVESTOCK STATUS IN KOLAR DISTRICT (2003 CENSUS)

                                         Milch Animals                   Draught    Sheep      Goats       Poultry    Poultry   Piggery
Sl.      Taluks                                                          Animals                            Birds     Farms
No                                Cows                   Buffaloes         No.       No.        No.       Backyard      No.     Exotic
                                                                                                                                / Local
                          L          UP        E    L       UP       E
1.    Bagepalli          33216        11419    2    -      11742     -      44637      60797      49862      172474        22          3843
2     Bangarpet          28008        32220    -    -       7357     -      60228      89843      17936      136476        43           798
3     Chikkaballapur     14724        18707    2    -       9400     -      33433      30548      13849       74003        35           675
4     Chintamani         26045        22820    -    -      13415     -      48865      62930      22064       76560         1          1782
5     Gowribidanur       25844        26747    -    -      15754     -      52591       4976      27228      188328        16          1489
6     Gudibande           9980         5132    -    -       1989     -      15112      59413       6335       27512         6           914
7     Kolar              14005        27834    -    -      24700     -      41839      36573      15530      430888        86           662
8.    Malur              15719        15396    -    -       8244     -      31115      89843       9713       64375        72           509
9     Mulbagal           20946        33434    -    -       8578     -      54380      66810       6867      267299        60          2509
10    Sidlagatta         15861        22315    -    -      10091     -      38176      92045      20076      105942        12          1309
11    Srinivaspur        24369        22119    -    -      12654     -      46488      60824      13916       83569        18           834
      Total             228,717    2,38,143    4    0     123918     0   4,66,864   6,28,683   2,03,374    1,627426       371        15,324

  L = Local
  UP = Upgraded
  E = Exotic




                                                                                                                                33
                     T a lu k w is e n u m b e r o f m ilc h c o w s in K o la r d is tr ic t
         40000
         35000
         30000
         25000
                                                                                                    L
Cows




         20000                                                                                      UP
         15000                                                                                      E

         10000
              5000
                 0
                          ur




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                                                                                                         34
            T a lu k w is e n u m b e r o f m ilc h b u ffa lo e s in K o la r d is tric t

     30000
     25000
     20000
UP




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     10000
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                                                                                             35
                        Talukwise number of draught animals, sheep & Goats in Kolar district




Number of animals
                    84000
                    74000                                                                  Draught
                    64000                                                                  Animal
                    54000
                    44000
                                                                                           Sheep (No.)
                    34000
                    24000
                    14000
                     4000                                                                  Goat (No.)




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                                                                                                         36
                         Talukwise number of backyard poultry birds in Kolar district
                   456000
                   406000
Backyard (birds)




                   356000
                   306000
                   256000
                   206000
                   156000
                   106000
                    56000
                     6000




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                                                                                                37
                                           P oultry farms( number)
              Go
                 w    rib
         Ch                 ida
                                  nu
           ikk                         r




                                             0
                                            10
                                            20
                                            30
                                            40
                                            50
                                            60
                                            70
                                            80
                                            90
                                           100
                     ab
                       all
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                               l
                                                                     T a lu k w is e n u m b e r o f P o u ltry fa rm s in K o la r d is tric t




38
                                      Piggery
               G
                 o
              Ch wr
                ikk ibid




                                   500
                                  1500
                                  2500
                                  3500
                                  4500
                    ab an
                 G all ur
                    ud ap
                       ib u
                    Ba a n r
                            d
                   Si gep e
                     d
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                    in ma
                      iva n
                          sp i
                         Ko ur


     Taluks
                           l
                  Ba M ar
                      ng alu
                    M arp r
                                         local) in Kolar district




                      ul e
                         ba t
                           ga
                              l
                                    Talukwise number of pigs (Exotic /




39
                                                             TABLE: 4 A

                        INFORMATION ON INFRASTRUCTURE FACILITIES IN KOLAR DISTRICT.
                               DEPARTMENT / SAU /NGO / PVT. SECTOR DEPARTMENT

  Sl.               Type of Infrastructure                         Utility          No. / Area (ha)        Capacity           Present
 No.                                                                                    / acres                                status
   I    DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE                                                                                             Working
1       District Agriculture training centre                Training of farmers         12. 0 ha                              Working
2       Seed farms                                          Seed production              51.0 ha                              Working
        1. Varadahalli , Chikkaballapura taluk              Production foundation         4.4 ha                              Working
                                                            seed and certified
                                                            seed
        2. Nelamakanahalli, Chikkaballapura taluk           -“-                           4.0 ha                               Working
        3. Burudagunte, Chintamani taluk                    -“-                           7.4 ha                               Working
        4. Kagathi, Chintamani taluk                        -“-                           6.5 ha                               Working
        5. Iarabanahalli, Malur taluk                       -“-                           2.0 ha                               Working
               * Area which is actually under seed production programme but the total geographical area of all seed farms is 51.0 ha
3       Soil health centres, Kolar                          Soil testing                    1          15,000 samples /        Working
                                                                                                       year
II.     DEPARTMENT OF HORTICULTURE                                                                                             Working
A.      HORTICULTURE NURSERIES                                                                                                 Working
        1. State sector
1.      District nursery, Kolar                                                          3.28 ha                               Working
2.      Chintamani nursery                                                              0.032 ha                               Working
3.      Malur nursery                                                                   0.072 ha                               Working
4.      Chikkaballapura nursery                                                          0.08 ha                               Working
5.      Sidlagatta nursery                                                              1.324 ha                               Working
        2. Zilla panchayath                                                                                                    Working
6.      Bagepalli taluk nursery                                                          0.08 ha                               Working
7.      Srinivaspura taluk nursery                                                      0.812 ha                               Working
8.      Gudibande taluk nursery                                                          0.14 ha                               Working
B.      HORTICULTURE FARMS                                                                                                     Working
        1. State sector
1.      Tamaka farm Kolar                                                              23.332 ha                               Working
2.      Doddashivara farm, Malur taluk                                                    3.6 ha                               Working
                                                                                                                                     40
3.    Pasappa lodu farm, Gudibande taluk                                      12.84 ha    Working
4.    Madikere farm, Chintamani taluk                                           4 ha      Working
                                                           Contd… Table: 4A
5.    J.V.Farm,Mulbagal taluk                                                 41.696 ha   Working
6.    P.R.S farm, Chikkaballpura                                               24.88 ha   Working
7.    Hogelakere farm, Srinivasapura taluk                                    150.04 ha   Working
8.    Chikkadasarahalli, Mango farm, Sidlagatta                                 15.2 ha   Working
9.    Chikkadasarahalli, Cashew farm, Sidlagatta                                120 ha    Working
10.   Minakina gurki farm Gowribidanhu taluk                                    0.48 ha   Working
      2. ZILLA PANCHAYATH
11.   Channaphalli, Horticultural farm, Bagepalli taluk                         4 ha      Working
12.   Kuppanahalli, Horticultural farm, Bangarpet                             4.456 ha    Working
      taluk
13.   Guttahalli, Horticultural Farm, Bangarpet taluk                           1.2 ha    Working
14.   Muddenahalli, Horticultural farm, C. B. Pura                            2.448 ha    Working
15.   Pathtrenahalli, Horticultural farm, C.B. Pura                            4.08 ha    Working
      taluk
16.   Peranmachanahalli, Horticultural farm,                                   1.68 ha    Working
      Chintamani taluk
17.   Kerekahalli, Horticultural farm, Guwribidanura                          14.02 ha    Working
      taluk
18.   Garndacharlahalli, Horticultural farm, Gudibanda                        6.464 ha    Working
      taluk
19.   Chavvenahalli, Horticultural Farm, Malur taluk                            2.4 ha    Working
20.   Chowda Sandra, Horticultural farm, Sidlagatta                            4.08 ha    Working
21.   Mogalahalli, Horticultural farm, Srinivaspura                              2 ha     Working
      taluk
III   DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL HUSBANDRY
1.    Veterinary Hospital (Taluk level)                                        21 No.     Working
2.    Veterinary Dispensary (Hobli level)                                      76 No.     Working
3.    Mobile veterinary Clinic (Taluk level)                                   11 No.     Working
4.    Primary veterinary centers (Major villages)                              54 No.     Working
5.    Intensive cattle development unit (District level)                       16 No.     Working
6.    Artificial insemination centers (MPCS level)                              3 No.     Working
7.    Regional laboratory, Bangarpet taluk                                      1 No.     Working
8.    Key village centers (Selected villages)                                  17 No.     Working

                                                                                               41
9.    Rinder pest eradication unit, Kolar                                          1 No.                             Working
10.   Rinder pest eradication surveillance unit (Kolar)                            1 No.                             Working
11.   Poultry centers, Kolar                                                       1 No.                             Working
                                                            Contd… Table: 4A
12.   Sheep breeding association unit (Kolar)                                      1 No.                             Working
13.   Special livestock production PGR unit (Kolar)                                1 No.                             Working
IV.   DEPARTMENT OF SERICULTURE
1.    Technical Service Centers (Taluk level)             Technical Guidance      35 No.                             Working
2.    Government Grainages (Taluk level)                  Egg production          15 No.                           2 GG defunct
3.    Government Silk Farm (Taluk level)                  Seed cocoon              7 No.                              2 farms
                                                          production                                                  defunct
4.    Government Cocoon Market (Taluk level)              Cocoon transaction      8 No.                              Working
5.    Silk Exchange (Kolar)                               Silk transaction        2 No.                              Working
6.    Licensed Seed Producers (Village level)             Egg production         250 No.                             Working
V.    DEPARTMENT OF FISHERIES                                                                                        Working
1.    Fish seed production far, Bethmangala,                                   2.52 (0.44) ha   15.0 lakhs           Working
      Bangarpet taluk                                                                           fingerling
2.    Fish seed production farm, Markandeya,                                   4.56 (1.07) ha   30.0 lakhs           Working
      Bangarpet taluk                                                                           fingerling
3.    Nursery / Fish pond, Kolar                                                  0.05 ha       -                    Defunct
4.    Nursery / Fish pond, Mulbagal                                               0.06 ha       2.0 lakhs            Working
                                                                                                fingerling
5.    Nursery / Fish pond, Chintamani                                             0.08 ha       3.0 lakhs            Working
                                                                                                fingerling
6.    Nursery / Fish pond, Malur                                                  0.06 ha       -                    Defunct
7.    Fish seed production farm, Gowribidanur                                  5.68 (0.99) ha   20.0 lakhs           Working
                                                                                                fingerling
8.    Fish seed production farm, Anur, Siddlagatta                             2.18 (0.30) ha   5.0 lakhs            Working
      taluk                                                                                     fingerling
VI    DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL FORESTRY
1.    Nursery, Byalahalli, Kolar taluk                                            1.3 ha        8,000 seedlings      Defunct
2.    Nursery, Maderahalli, kolar taluk                                           1.5 ha        10,000 seedlings     Working
3.    Nursery, Gajaladinne, Kolar                                                 1.0 ha        4,000 seedlings      Working
4.    Nursery, Mindahalli, Malur taluk                                            1.0 ha        8,000 seedlings      Working
5.    Nursery, Thoralakki, Malur taluk                                            2.5 ha        5,000 seedlings      Working
6.    Nursery, Deshihalli, Bangarpet taluk                                        2.0 ha        5,000 seedlings      Defunct
7.    Nursery, Hanchala, Bangarpet taluk                                          5.0 ha        6,000 seedlings      Defunct
                                                                                                                          42
8.    Nursery, Badamakanahalli, Bangarpet taluk                             2.0 ha    8,000 seedlings    Working
9.    Nursery, Narashimtheertha, Mulbagal taluk                             1.5 ha    4,000 seedlings     Under
                                                                                                         Defunct
10.   Nursery, Kothamangala, Mulbagal taluk                                 2.0 ha    4,500 seedlings    Working
                                                        Contd…… Table: 4A
11.   Nursery, Ronnr, Srinvaspura taluk                                      2.0 ha   5,000 seedlings    Working
12.   Nursery, Muduganakunte, Gowribidanur taluk                             0.5 ha   3,000 seedlings    Working
13.   Nursery, Bommashettyhalli, Gowribidanur                                2.0 ha   5,000 seedlings    Defunct
14.   Nursery, Kondreddypalli, Bagepalli taluk                               2.0 ha   10,000 seedlings   Working
15.   Nursery, Potrenahalli, Sidlagatta taluk                                2.5 ha   10,000 seedlings   Defunct
16.   Nursery, Gongadipura, Chikkaballapur taluk                            3.16 ha   10,000 seedlings   Defunct
17.   Nursery, Golahalli, C. B. pura taluk                                  2.50 ha   6,000 seedlings    Defunct
18.   Nursery, k.Raghuttahalli, Chintamani taluk                            4.00 ha   10,000 seedlings   Defunct
      2. TERRITORY FORESTRY
1.    Nursery, Kanne, Bangarpet taluk                                         5       15 lakhs forest    Working
                                                                                      seedlings
2.    Nursery, Yellampalli, Bangarpet taluk                                   2       -                  Working
3.    Nursery, Karabele, Bangarpet taluk                                      5       15 lakhs           Working
4.    Nursery, Thappanahalli, Bangarpet taluk                                 1       2 lakhs            Working
5.    Nursery, Bodagurk, Bangarpet taluk                                      1       2 lakhs            Working
6.    Nursery, Palamadagu, Bangarpet taluk                                    1       2 lakhs            Working
7.    Nursery, kanive, Chikkaballapur taluk                                   2       3 lakhs            Working
8.    Nursery, Sultanpet, Chikkaballapur taluk                                2       2.5 lakhs          Working
9.    Nursery, Sullappana dinne, Chikkaballapur taluk                        0.5      1.0 lakhs          Working
10.   Nursery, Mandika, Chikkaballapur taluk                                 3.5      3.0 lakhs          Working
11.   Nursery, Hadigere, Chintamani taluk                                    1.0      3.0 lakhs          Working
12.   Nursery, Motamakallahalli, Chintamani taluk                            2.0      2.0 lakhs          Working
13.   Nursery, Chintamani                                                    2.5      4.0 lakhs          Working
14.   Nursery, kurudi, Gowribidanur taluk                                   10.12     5.0 lakhs          Working
15.   Nursery, AN, Yellodu, Gowribidanur taluk                               4.0      3.0 lakhs          Working
16.   Nursery, Gajaladinne, Kolar taluk                                      7.0      10.0 lakhs         Working
17.   Nursery, Maderahalli, Kolar taluk                                      1.0      8.0 lakhs          Working
18.   Nursery, Hongenahalli, Malur taluk                                     1.5      1.5 lakhs          Working
19.   Nursery, Sorakayalhalli, Malur taluk                                   1.0      2.0 lakhs          Working
20.   Nursery, Kashipur, Mulbagal taluk                                      1.5      30 lakhs           Working
21.   Nursery, G.G.Halli, Sidlagatta taluk                                   1.0      2 lakhs            Working

                                                                                                              43
22.      Nursery, Potrenahalli, Sidlagatta taluk                                 1.5      4 lakhs          Working
23.      Nursery, Byrasandra, Sidlagatta taluk                                   3.0      6 lakhs          Working
24.      Nursery, Sunkal, Srinvaspura taluk                                      3.0      6 lakhs          Working
25.      Nursery, Srinvaspura                                                    3.0      6 lakhs          Working

                                                           Contd…… Table: 4A
VII.     STATE AGRICULTURE UNIVERSITY
1.       Sericulture college, Chintamani                  Teaching                                         Working
2.       Agriculture Research Station, Chintamani         Research             74.14 ha                    Working
3.       Agriculture Research Station, Balajigapade       Research             40.00 ha   1 No.            Working
         Seed production
VIII     KOLAR MILK UNION LIMITED
1.       Main Chilling center, Belaganhalli                                       1       2 lakhs TLPD *   Working
2.       Chilling Centre Kolgil, Gowribidanur taluk                               1       1 lakhs TLPD *   Working
3.       Chilling Centre, Chintamani                                              1       1 lakhs TLPD *   Working
IX       NGOs
1.       Myrada Training center, Kamasamundram,                                           * 2 batch        Working
         Bangarpet taluk
2.       Outrcach, Training center, Gowribidnur                                           * 1 batch        Working
3.       Sunanda, Training Centre, Hattigollchalli,                                       * 1 batch        Working
         Bangarpet
4.       Rores, Training Centre, Govinapalli,                                             * 1 batch        Working
         Srinavasapura
5.       Gram Vikes, Training center, Hunashettihalli,                                    * 1 batch        Working
         Mulabagla district
6.       Gramina Mahila, Okkuta, Yelagondanahalli                                         * 1 batch        Working
7.       Deen Dayal Seva Samiti, T.C, Chikkballapra                                       * 1 batch        Working
8.       Braes, TC, Kolar, Kolar taluk                                                    * 1 batch        Working
9.       Myrade, T.C. Kolar taluk                                                         * 1 batch        Working
10.      Seema T.C, Mulbagala taluk                                                       * 1 batch        Working

* TLPD – Thousand Liters per day

       (Batch = * Capacity to hold trainees 40 persons)



                                                                                                                44
                                                   TABLE: 4 B

                                 ORGANIC INPUTS USED IN THE KOLAR DISTRICT

                                                                                                  % of farmers
SL.   Year (last 3                                                 Quantity used    % of area
                         Type of Input   Sources of availability                                  using organic
No      Years)                                                     (MT)            covered (ha)
                                                                                                     manure
 1     2003-04       Bio fertilizer         Dept. & Private              18.0          0.45            12
                     Enriched compost       Dept. & Private              95.0         0.004            13
                     Vermicompost,          Dept. & Private              50.0         0.003             6
                     Agri. Gold                  KAIC                     -              -              2
                     Green manure           Dept. & Private              40.0        0.0025            11
 2     2004-05       Bio fertilizer         Dept. & Private              13.0         0.328            12
                     Enriched compost       Dept. & Private             110.0         0.005            14
                     Vermicompost,          Dept. & Private             105.0         0.006             6
                     Agri. Gold                  KAIC                   340.0         0.015             3
                     Green manure           Dept. & Private              65.0        0.0023            10
 3     2005-06       Bio fertilizer         Dept. & Private              14.0         0.353            13
                     Enriched compost       Dept. & Private             120.0         0.006            15
                     Vermicompost,          Dept. & Private             115.0        0.0054             8
                     Agri. Gold            Dept. & Agriculture          200.0          0.01             5
                     Green manure           Dept. & Private             95.00         0.005             8




                                                                                                              45
                                                  TABLE: 4 D

                       DETAILS OF MEDICINAL, AROMATIC AND OTHER MINOR FOREST
                                   BY PRODUCTS OF KOLAR DISTRICT

Sl.     Name of the      Crop      Organic       Inorganic      Area in   Production in   No. of farmers
No.        Taluk                                                 (ha)         Tons        No.        %
 1    Bagepalli           -           -      -                     -           -           -          -
 2    Bangarpet        Aromatic       -      Pacholi               5           -           3          -
 3    Chikkaballapur   Aromatic       -      Pacholi              15                       5          -
                       Aromatic       -      Panneer / Davana      4         30 mts        2          -
                       Medicinal      -      Sarpaganda            1                       2          -
4     Chintamani       Medicinal      -      Makaliberu            3          5 mts        2          -
                       Aromatic       -      Panneer / Davana     15        150 mts        8          -
5     Gowribidanur     Aromatic       -      Pacholi              10            -          4          -
6     Gudibande           -           -      -                     -            -          -          -
7     Kolar            Aromatic       -      Panneer              10         30 mts        6          -
                       Medicinal      -      Saroaganda            1            -          2          -
8     Malur            Aromatic       -      Panneer              10        100 mts       10          -
                       Medicinal      -      Sarpaganda            1            -          2          -


 9    Mulbagal         Aromatic       -      Panneer              20         20 mts       15         -
10    Siddlaghatta     Aromatic       -      Panneer               1          3 mts        1         -
11    Srinivasapura    Aromatic       -      Panner                9         38 mts        8         -
                       Medicinal             Ekanath,              1            -          2         -
                                             Gaggal                2            -          2         -




                                                                                                           46
                                                       TABLE: 5A

                           DEMOGRAPHIC INFORMATION OF THE KOLAR DISTRICT


Sl.   Name of the    Population     % of      Male No     Female      Workers No.          Categories No.
No.     Taluks      (As per 2001   Literacy                 No      Agri.  Non - Agri      SC         ST
                       census
                       Total)
1     Bagepalli     169689         73.9       86053       83636    27302   18707        43732      27657
2     Bangarpet     421437         87.4       212592      208845   36090   78844        153645     9161
3     Chikkballapur 191122         80         97239       93883    27264   30521        48431      16631
4     Chintamani    271284         75.7       138311      132973   34761   40721        63155      28416
5     Gowribidanur 271119          80.0       138328      132791   48875   28592        65367      40440
6     Gudibande     51828          70.4       26159       25669    11548   4855         12150      7873
7     Kolar         342593         81.6       173913      168680   35714   71426        78152      13253
8     Malur         207009         76.5       105047      101962   31768   27886        50797      18988
9     Mulbagal      231302         71.0       116494      114808   32910   31315        63599      7469
10    Sidlagatta    193965         71.0       98426       95539    27260   39209        41898      16561
11    Srinivaspur   184721         74.4       93631       91090    24479   31637        50766      19262




                                                                                                            47
                                             L ite ra c y %

                       S r in iv a s p u r
                              9%
                                                                            B a n g a rp e t
       S id la g a t t a                                      B a g e p a lli 1 0 %
             8%                                                   9%
                                                                                         C h ik k b a lla p u r
M u lb a g a l
                                                                                                10%
    8%


          M a lu r
                                                                                       C h in t a m a n i
           9%
                                     G u d ib a n d e                                        9%
                     K o la r             8%                          G o w r ib id a n u r
                     10%
                                                                            10%




                                                                                                                  48
                          Total Population


          Ba
                              0
                          50000
                         100000
                         150000
                         200000
                         250000
                         300000
                         350000
                         400000
                                             450000




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     Taluks




          M al
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                                                  Talukwise population as on 2001 census of Kolar




49
            T A L U K W IS E M A L E A N D F E M A L E P O P U L A T IO N O F K O L A R
                                           D IS T R IC T
         250000
         200000
Number




         150000
                                                                                          M a le
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                                                                                                       50
                             Number of Workers in different taluks in Kolar District
                     90000
                     80000
                     70000                                                              Agri.
                     60000
           Workers   50000
                     40000                                                              Non -
                     30000                                                              Agri
                     20000
                     10000
                         0




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Note: During recent years there is decline in manpower and hence more important has been given to
      farm mechnization in Kolar district




                                                                                                    51
52
               Number of persons belonging to scheduled caste and
                scheduled tribe in different Taluks of Kolar district
             180000
             160000
             140000
Categories   120000
             100000
              80000
              60000
              40000
              20000
                                                                        SC
                  0
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                                                                             53
                                                      TABLE: 5B


                    INFORMATION ON OPERATIONAL LAND HOLDINGS IN KOLAR DISTRICT


SL.   Name of the                                                  Operational holding (number and area)
No.     Taluk            Large           Medium         Semi medium      Small            Marginal      Total land   Landless
                     (More than 10      (4 to 10ha)       2 to 4 ha)   (1 to 2ha)      (Less than 1 ha) holdings
                           ha)
                     No. of    Area   No. of     Area  No. of     Area   No. of   Area   No. of  Area  No. of  Area   No. of
                    holdings         holdings         holdings          holdings        families      families       Families
 1.   Bagepalli       255      3836    1791     10327   4301      11565   8647    12146  16323   7827  31317   45701  27302
 2.   Bangarpet        93      1441    1417      7852   4539      12055  10852    15031  29652 13638 46553     50017  36090
 3.   Chikkballapur   140      3106    833       4677   2639       7092   6205     8572  17641   7848  27458   31295  27264
 4.   Chintamani      305      4592    1859     10589   4814      13119   8841    12455  21444 10455 37263     51210  34761
 5.   Gowribidanur    167      2504    1477      8224   4699      12631  10260    14343  33479 15006 50082     52708  48875
 6.   Gudibande        56       798    481       2697   1325       3616   2637     3522   5145   2489   9644    1322  11548
 7.   Kolar           189      2696    1681      9424   4718      12795   9274    13076  24315 11356 40177     49347  35714
 8.   Malur           144      2052    1339      7452   4197      11376   8685    12237  24262 11202 33627     44399  31714
 9.   Mulbagal        151      2137    1562      8881   4535      12311  10661    14862  24425 11467 41334     49658  32910
10.   Sidlagatta       94      1322    1159      6419   3495       9458   7777    10787  17863   8522  30388   36508  27260
11.   Srinivaspur     212      3096    1633      9312   4312      11748   7983    11287  20069   8956  34209   44372  24479
      Total           1806     27580  15232     85584  43574     117766  91822   128318 234618 18766 387052 468337 337917




                                                                                                                     54
TABLE 5.1. AES AND VILLAGES SELECTED FOR PARTICIPATORY DATA COLLECTION


Sl.   Agro ecological situation                         Approximate   Special    Representation    Taluk
No.                                                     coverage %    features   village
1.    Red loamy soils irrigation tank and Bore
      wells under rainfed situation Vegetables
      particular Major crops Tomato, Potato,
      Emalyphus enalysis and mango plantation           39.4                                       Kolar
      arable lands. Dairying is major enterprise                                 Thotli
2.    Red sandy loan soils poor in soil fertility and
      soil depth tanks are major irrigation sources.
      Dry land Agriculture is predominant in this       37.4                     Achepalli         Bagepalli
      AES. Less emphasis on dairying and
      sericulture
3.    Mostly ltateritic soils majority of the area in
      under rainfed situation. But bore well and
      tanks are the major source of irrigation.         23.2                     Malamachanahalli Siddlaghatta
      Sericulture in the main farming activity dairy
      is also equally important enterprise.




                                                                                                                 55
TABLE 5.2 NUMBERS AND AREA OF OPERATIONAL LAND HOLDERS

Sl.    AES    Name of the                               Operational holding (Number Area)
No.           representation         Large               Medium              Small         Marginal        Landless
              village             (5 ha above)           3 to 5 ha         1 to 3 ha        < 1.0 ha
                              No. of        Area    No. of       Area No. of      Area No. of      Area    Number
                              holdings              holdings           holdings        holdings            only
1      I      Thotli          02            20      18           84    25         50   205         205     50
2      II     Achepalli       05            22      37           47    40         60   85          24.20   25
3      III    Malamachanhalli 15            60      50           64    50         83.3 259         120.0   90




TABLE 5.3 DEMOGRAPHIC INFORMATION OF THE VILLAGE

Sl.   Name of the       Population   Male   Female Children %        Workers           Categories
No.   represented       (As per                             Literacy Agril.  Non-      SC      ST     OBC    Total
      village           200/ total                                           Agril
1.    Thotli            1379         510    485    384      60       50      -         268     105    1006   1379
2.    Achepalli         782          395    387    200      70       217     50        90      3      99     192
3.    Malamachanhalli   2082         1031   1051   482      60       100     90        110     344    1593   1047




                                                                                                                56
            B lo c k w is e to ta l la n d a re a o f th e fa rm e rs in K o la r
      60000                                d is tric t

      50000

      40000
Are




      30000

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                                                                                              57
                                    T a lu k w is e n u m b e r o f la n d h o ld in g s u n d e r d iffe re n t c a te g o ry o f fa rm e rs in
                                                                                 K o la r d is tric t
                          40000

                          35000
Number of land holdings




                          30000

                          25000
                                                                                                                                                     L a rg e
                          20000
                                                                                                                                                     M e d iu m
                          15000                                                                                                                      S e m i m e d iu m
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                                                                                                                                                                          58
                               B lo c k w is e n u m b e r o f fa m ilie s u n d e r la n d le s s
number of families                            c a te g o ry in K o la r d is tric t
                     60000
                     50000
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                                                                                                     59
                                  Number
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                                  20000
                                  30000
                                  40000
                                  50000
                                  60000




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                                           TALUKW I SE N UM BER OF FAM I LI ES I N KOLAR




60
                                                     TABLE: 6A



                         INFORMATION ON LAND USE PATTERN IN THE KOLAR DISTRICT.
                                                                                            Area in ha

 Sl.     Name of the    Geographical   Cultivable   Cultivated   Cultivable   Current Fallow    Forestry
No.         Taluk           Area          Area         Area        waste
1.     Bagepalli           90009         35762        35474         453            8681            18458
2.     Bangarpet           74520         23817        23422        1407           22748             2758
3.     Chikkaballapur      55612         13573        13451         208           12193            19720
4.     Chintamani          86697         18506        18269        3076           26708             3243
5.     Gowribidanur        86727         32023        31333        1345           20142             4332
6.     Gudibande           21645          8382         8351         310            6112             2534
7.     Kolar               69210         27400        26301         406           18737             4933
8.     Malur               63166         32568        31391        2399            7339             1560
9.     Mulbagal            82246         28304        27007        1218           22777             2122
10.    Sidlagatta          63811         24771        24135         750            8177             1417
11.    Srinivaspur         85824         25823        25505         968           17029             9547
       Total              7,79,469      2,70,929     2,64,639     12,540         1,70,643          70,324




                                                                                                            61
CONTD… TABLE: 6A



Sl.      Taluks             Forest        Pasture    Land put to    Land under misc,   Barren & uncultivable
No.                    Reserved    Open             non Agri. Use      Plantation       land (waste land)
 1    Bagepalli          15350.00   -     10929         6781               215                   7498
 2    Bangarpet           6518.63   -      5495         7414               411                   8982
 3    Chikkaballapur     14698.84   -      1027         4216               717                   4065
 4    Chintamani          4086.08   -     15310         8022              1649                  10160
 5    Gowribidanur        3645.28   -     10760         8576              1444                   7375
 6    Gudibande           4940.72   -       490         2272               294                   1268
 7    Kolar               5836.67   -      2672        10999              1270                   3807
 8    Malur               4864.24   -     10742         5259               742                   1907
 9    Mulbagal            5342.70   -     10511        10293              2954                   4714
10    Sidlagatta         16842.00   -     20994         1722              2163                   3936
11    Srinivaspur         5416.81   -      9998         8395              1632                   9460
           Total         87541.97   -     98,928       73,949            13,491                 63,172




                                                                                                               62
                                                        T a lu k w is e la n d u s e p a t t e r n in K o la r d is t r ic t
                     100000
                                                                                                                                                                     G e o g r a p h ic a l
                      90000
                                                                                                                                                                     (h a )
                      80000
                                                                                                                                                                     C u lt iv a t a b le A r e a
                      70000
La nd us e pattern




                      60000                                                                                                                                          C u lt iv a t e d A r e a
                      50000
                                                                                                                                                                     C u lt u r a l w a s t e
                      40000
                      30000
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                      20000

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                                                                                                                                                                                                    63
                                                                 TABLE: 7 A

                          INFORMATION ON RAINFED AND IRRIGATED AREA IN KOLAR DISTRICT (2005)

Sl.          Taluk           Total      Rainfed    %        Bore wells / wells                  Tanks              Total irrigation       %
No.                        cultivable    area                                                                           area
                             area                          P           A        %     P              A     %        P          A
1        Bagepalli         35762        28630     80     2570     800       31      4527       2342      52       7097     3142       9
2        Bangarpet         23817        17900     75     5835     735       13      3933       2606      66       9768     3341       14
3        Chikkaballapur    13573        14960     110    2800     300       11      489        90        18       3289     390        3
4        Chintamani        18506        20780     112    2450     4950      202     1520       1520      100      3970     6470       35
5        Gowribidanur      32023        28500     89     4540     3050      67      881        881       100      5421     3931       12
6        Gudibande         8382         12280     147    1196     1120      94      2945       2194      74       4141     3314       40
7        Kolar             27400        14500     53     6015     1500      25      5117       3162      62       11132    4662       17
8        Malur             32568        13100     40     4695     1003      21      3869       3860      100      8564     4863       15
9        Mulbagal          28304        20180     71     4992     492       10      3662       3050      83       8654     3542       13
10       Sidlagatta        24771        14490     58     6905     150       2       1460       1317      90       8365     1467       6
11       Srinivaspur       25823        13600     53     28412    7210      25      960        960       100      29372    8170       32
         Total             270929       198920    73     70410    21310     30      29363      21982     75       99773    43292      16



     Note: P = Potential area              A = Actual area irrigated                      % = Share of the total area under irrigation




                                                                                                                                           64
                                            Talukwise information on land use pattern in Kolar district
                   25000



                   20000                                                                                                             Forest (Reserved)
Land use pattern




                   15000
                                                                                                                                     Pasture

                   10000

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                   5000


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                                                                                                                                                                65
                                                 TABLE: 8
                      INFORMATION ON RESEARCH AND EXTENSION ACTIVITY IN KOLAR DISTRICT
       Department /SAU / ZRS/ KVK / NGO
 Sl.      Sector                     Name of the scheme     Requirement of the scheme      Allocation of the year   Shortfall
 No.     (Central/                                         Extn Develop- Research       Extn Develop- Research      / Surplus
           State/                                                ment                          ment
          District
I.       AGRICULTURE
1        Block     Plant protection scheme                 -     -          -           -       -       -           -
         (TP)
2        Block     Special component plan                  -     -          -           -       -       -           -
         (TP)
3        District  Seed farm                               -     -          -           -       -       -           -
4        District  ISOPAM- maize                           -     -          -           -       -       -           -
5        District  ISOPAM- Pulses                          -     -          -           -       -       -           -
6        District  ISOPAM- oil seeds                       -     -          -           -       -       -           -
7        District  Drip irrigation                         -     -          -           -       -       -           -
8        District  Agri. Clinics                           -     -          -           -       -       -           -
9        District  District Agricultural Training center   -     -          -           -       -       -           -
10       District  Farm Mechanisation                      -     -          -           -       -       -           -
11       District  Post harvest technologies               -     -          -           -       -       -           -
12       District  Organic manure                          -     -          -           -       -       -           -
13       District  Workplan – Crop production management   -     -          -           -       -       -           -
14       District  Work plan – Farm mechanization          -     -          -           -       -       -           -
15       District  Work plan –HRD                          -     -          -           -       -       -           -
16       District  Work plan – organic Farming             -     -          -           -       -       -           -
17       State     Plant protection scheme                 -     -          -           1.00    -       -           -
18       State     Farm information                        -     -          -           0.50    -       -           -
19       State     Agri. Fair & exhibition                 -     -          -           39.69   -       -           -
                                                                                        0
20       State     WYTEP                                   -     -          -           -       -       -           -
21       State     ISOPAM – Pulses                         -     -          -           -       7.50    -           -
22       State     ISOPAM – oil seeds                      -     -          -           2.25    -       -           -
23       State     KRISHI PRASHASTI (AWARDS)               -     -          -           0.38    -       -           -
24       State     Committee & Consultancies               -     -          -           -       17.25   -           -
25       State     Work plan – Farm mechanization          -     -          -           -       4.560   -           -
26       State     Work plan – HRD                         -     -          -           -       2.25    -           -

                                                                                                                        66
27    State      Organic manure scheme                                   -   -       -        -   -        87.33   -

                                                                   Contd…. Table 8
II    Horticulture
1     District    Scheme for Seed Coconut procurement and Nursery        -   -       5.00     -   3.75     -       Short fall
                  Maintenance & Propagation
2     District    Training to Farmers                                    -   -       2.50     -   1.25     -       Short fall
3     District    Assistedance to Farmers                                -   -       8.00     -   6.00     -       Short fall
4     District    Development and maintenance of Horticulture farms      -   -       8.00     -   6.75     -       Short fall
5     District    C.S.S. for Drip-irrigation                             -   -       100.00   -   50.00    -       Short fall
6     District    Horticultural Buildings                                -   -       4.00     -   1.00     -       Short fall
7     District    Special Component plan                                 -   -       5.00     -   4.98     -       Short fall
8     District    Tribal Sub plan                                        -   -       3.00     -   2.19     -       Short fall
9     District    Assistedance to Cold Storages                          -   -       2.00     -   3.00     -       Short fall
10    District    C.S.S. for Tropical and Aridzone Fruit Crops           -   -       15.00    -   10.25    -       Short fall
                  Development
11    District    C.S.S. for Vegetable Crops Development                 -   -       10.00    -   8.00     -       Short fall
12    District    C.S.S. for Cashew Development                          -   -       10.00    -   10.00    -       Short fall
13    District    C.S.S. for Commercial Floriculture                     -   -       4.00     -   3.50     -       Short fall
14    District    C.S.S. for Integrated Pest Management.                 -   -       3.00     -   2.25     -       Short fall
15    District    Coconut Board Assisted Scheme for integrated Farming   -   -       5.00     -   4.55     -       Short fall
                  in Coconut for Production improvement
16    Central     Coconut Board Assisted Integrated Pest management      -   -       3.00     -   1.32     -       Short fall
17    Central     Coconut Board Assisted Technology Transfer for Mite    -   -       1.50     -   0.64     -       Short fall
                  Control Programme
18    State       Adoption of Israeli Technology in farmers field        -   -       15.00    -   50.00    -       Short fall
19    State       Vegetable Development Scheme                           -   -       5.00     -   1.97     -       Short fall
20    State       Integrated Cashew Development Scheme                   -   -       15.00    -   12.85    -       Short fall
21    State       Medicinal & Aromatic Dye Plants Development            -   -       3.00     -   1.20             Short fall
                  Scheme
22    State       Farms and Nurseries Development Scheme                 -   -       4.00     -   2.00     -       Short fall
23    State       Organic Horticulture                                   -   -       5.00     -   1.75     -       Short fall
III   Animal Husbandry                                                       -       -            -                -
1     State       Special Component scheme (SCP)                         -   -               -   20.90    -       Short fall
2     State       Tribal Sub plan (TSP)                                  -   -               -   2.17     -
3     State       Special Livestock Breeding programme                   -   -               -   0.04     -
IV    Sericulture
1     State       Catalytic Development                                  -   260     -        -   130.00   -
                  Rs.50,000/- Subsidy for rearing house

                                                                                                                       67
2                 Rs. 25,000/- subsidy for rearing house                 -    75      -   -       18.75     -
3                 Rs. 15,000/- subsidy for rearing house                 -    20      -   -       3.00      -
4                 Subsidy for Chawki Rearing Centres                     -    20      -   -       10.00     -
5                 Subsidy for CRC equipments                             -    30      -   -       22.50     -
                                                                    Contd…. Table 8
6                 Subsidy for rearing equipment for rearers              -    450     -   -       67.50     -
7                 Kissan Nursery                                         -    65      -   -       32.50     -   -
8                 Subsidy for Vermi-Compost                              -    20      -   -       6.30      -   -
9                 Subsidy for Drip Irrigation                            -    635     -   -       152.40    -   -
10                Field day                                              -    -       -   -                 -   -
V     Fisheries
1     District    Construction & Maintenance of Fisheries building and   -    -       -   -       2.00      -   -
                  facilities
2     District    Fish seed production, Rearing and Distribution         -    -       -   -       5.00      -   -
3     District    Exhibition and Training                                -    -       -   0.10    -         -   -
4     District    FFDA scheme                                            -    -       -   15.41   -         -   -
5     District    Matsya vahini                                          -    -       -   -       0.15      -   -
6     District    Special component plan                                 -    -       -   -       3.00      -   -
VI    Forestry                                                                -       -   -                     -
1     State      Compensatory regulation                                 -    -       -   -       2.609     -   -
2     State      Compensatory regulation & Central operation             -    -       -   -       14.23     -   -
3     State      Compensatory Regulation of Encroachment                 -    -       -   -       46.173    -   -
4     Central    Compensatory Novad                                      -    -       -   -       7.725     -   -
5     State      Fire protection                                         -    -       -   -       2.30      -   -
6     State      Karnataka Forest Development Fund                       -    -       -   -       28.837    -   -
7     State      Area Oriented fuel & Fodder Scheme                      -    -       -   -       1.776     -   -
8     State      Development of Degraded forest                          -    -       -   -       5.094     -   -
9     State      Tribal Sub plan                                         -    -       -   -       0.50      -   -
10    State      Special Component plan                                  -    -       -   -       3.54      -   -
11    State      Integrated forest protection                            -    -       -   -       1.03      -   -
12    External   Japan Bank for international co-operation               -    -       -   -       178.219   -   -
      aid
13    Central    Forest Development Agency                               -    -       -   -       68.00     -   -
VII   Social Forestry
1     Extended Japan Bank for international co-operation (JBIC           -    -       -   -       12.00     -   -
      aid        scheme)
2     District   Haryali Yojana                                          -    -       -   -       0.54      -   -
         Separately for each organization
         Constraints as recorded by the department

                                                                                                                    68
         Separately for each organization
         Constraints as recorded by the department




       LIST OF NGO’S WORKING IN KOLAR DISTRICT
Sl.   Name of the NGO                                                                                        Working Taluk
No.
1     MYRADA, No.63. Palasandra Layout, Kolar                                                                Kolar district
2     IDF, 141/A, Usha, 25th Cross, Behind Nijalingappa College, 2nd Block, Rajajinagar, Bangalore           Kolar district
3     Prakruthi, Seeganhalli, Mulbagal Taluk, Kolar District                                                 Mulbagal
4     BMSSS, Masthi Doddakere, Malur taluk                                                                   Malur
5     Myrada, Kamasamudra, Bangarepet taluk, Kolar                                                           Bangarpet
6     RORES, Lakshmipura, Srinivasapur taluk                                                                 Srinivaspur
7     DPG, Mindgal Vaddu Watershed, Gowrishankar Nilaya, Bangalore road, Chintamani                          Chintamani
8     SUNADA, k.G.B. Building, Chilakalanerpu Post, Chintamani taluk                                         Chintamani
9     PRADRUTHI, ING-Vysya bank building, Byrakoor Post, Mulbagal taluk                                      Mulbagal
10    Social integrated Rural Developmenty Society, Kotaladinne, Hosure post, Gowribidanur taluk             Gowribidanur
11    Farmers Development Agency, No.240, 1st Cross, Nargarthpet Chikkaballpur                               Chikkaballapur
12    Action Society for integral Develo;pment, Kumbarpet, Bagepalli 561207                                  Bagepalli
13    Bharathi Welfare Society, PB No.22. Sri. Lakshmi nilaya, Ashwini Layout, Chintamani-563125             Chintamani
14    Sri. Jagadgru Chandrashekanatha Swamiji Institute of Technology, PB No. 20, BB Road, Chikkaballapur    Chikkaballapur
15    Gandhi Welfare Society, Main Road Bagepalli                                                            Bagepalli
16    KINDS Womens Society, Ramu Complex, Prashanthnagar, Chikkaballpur                                      Chikkaballapur
17    Chikkaballapur Rural development Society, No.197. Dharma Chattra Road, Chikkaballapur                  Chikkaballapur
18    Social & Rural Development Association Sarswathipuram, Manchenahalli, Gowribidanur taluk               Gowribidanur
19    Walk-Wide, Anjani Extension, Chintamani                                                                Chintamani
20    Sri, Vinayaka Vidya Samsthe, Koppakatenahalli, Gudibanda taluk                                         Gudibanda
21    Rural Development & Training Society, Gowribidanur                                                     Gowribidanur
22    Cauvery Rural Development Society Bagepalli                                                            Bagepalli
23    Deenadayal Janaseva Samite, Myloponahalli, Kolavar post, Chikkaballapur taluk                          Chikkaballapur
24    Dr. Sri. Jachani Rastriya Seva peeta Bagepalli                                                         Bagepalli
25    Navachaithanya Urban and Rureal Development Society, Jangamakota Cross, Siddlaghatta taluk             Diflaghatta
26    Action for social and Ediucational Development Association, Shiva Nilaya, Fort, Gowribidanur           Gowribidanur
27    Raghavendra Trust for Educational & Envirnomental action for Needs, V.V.Purm Extension, Gowribidanur   Gowribidanur
28    Rewards‟s Y.S.Gundappa Layout, Bangalore Road, Chintamani                                              Chintamani
                                                                                                                            69
29     Shabana Welfare Assocation, C. Block, Vemgal, kolar taluk                                                             Kolar
30     Sunanda Maitrisagar, Gollahalli, Bangar pet taluk                                                                     Bangarpet
31     Environmental Research Institute and Human Care Society, No.1057, Saminathapuram, Oorgum post, K.G.F.                 Bangarpet
       Bangarpet taluk.
32     Grama Vikas, Honna Shetty halli, Elagondanahalli post, Mulbagal taluk, Kolar district.                                Kolar
33     SEEMA samaste, Manchiganahalli, Mulbagal                                                                              Kolar, Mulbagal


                                                                     TABLE: 9 A

                                  INFORMATION REGARDING MARKETS IN THE KOLAR DISTRICT

 Sl.    Name of the      Name of      Periodicity   Important commodities      Commodity          Area covered        No. of      Other
 No.      Taluk         the market     (Weekly             handled             wise quantity                          farm        information
                          center        daily)                                   handled                              families    regarding
                                                                                 (annual)                             covered     market
 1.    Bangarpet        A.P.M.C       Daily         Food grains, vegetable,   159947           Bangarpet, Malur,      9500
                                                    Jaggery                                    Mulbagal & A.P
 2.    Chikkaballapur   A.P.M.C       Daily         Vegetables, Tomato        18335            Chikkaballapur,        1050
                                                                                               Bagepalli,
                                                                                               Siddlaghatta
 3.    Chintamani       A.P.M.C       Daily         Food grains, Tomato,      10613            Chintamani,            850
                                                    Mango                                      Siddlaghatta,
                                                                                               Srinivaspur
 4.    Gowribidanur     A.P.M.C       Daily         Jaggery, Vegetable        22026            Gowribidanur,
                                                                                               Gudibande
 5.    Kolar            A.P.M.C       Daily         Food grains, Tomato and   215673           Kolar, Srinivaspur,    15,000
                                                    other vegetables                           Bangarpet, Malur
 6.    Malur            A.P.M.C       Daily         All Vegetable             137845           Malur, Bangarpet,      8250
                                                                                               Mulbagal
 7.    Mulbagal         A.P.M.C       Daily         Food grains, Tomato       47486            Mulbagal, Bangarpet,   3550
                                                                                               Srinivaspur, A. P
 8.    Srinivaspur      A.P.M.C       Daily         Food grains, Mango        65258            Srinivaspur            4500
 9.    Sidlagatta       These         Daily         -                         -                -                      -
 10.   Bagepalli        taluks have   Daily         Vegetables                -                -                      -
 11.   Gudibande        sub market    Daily         Vegetable, Maize          -                -                      -
                        for C.B.
                        Pura
                        APMC

                                                                                                                                          70
71
                                                         TABLE: 9B

                    PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP INITIATIVES IN THE KOLAR DISTRICT
Type of partnership                 Partners                 Activity               Volume of    Value of trade    Terms of
                          I          II            III       undertaken                trade     ( Rs. in lakhs)   reference
                                                                                      (Tons)
Dairy (Milk)           Farmer   KMF (KOMUL)    Consumers     Milk purchase           2,39,303       27427.93 Rs.   -
                                & other                                                                 /year
Sericulture, Silk      Farmer   Reelers        Consumers     Cocoon marketing         20,803          23924.37     -
APMC                   Farmer   APMC           Consumers     Food grains             61,8356          25167.83     -
                                                             vegetable sales
HOPCOMS
  1. Fruits            Farmer   HOPCOMS        Consumers     Fruits sales              360              39.0       -
  2. Vegetable         Farmer   HOPCOMS        Consumers     Vegetable sales           324              43.0       -


                        EXISTING PUBLIC -PRIVATE -PARTNERSHIP (PPP) IN KOLAR DISTRICT

SL.     Types of Enterprises              Types of Partnerships                Activities              Volume and Value
No                                                                             Undertaken              of Trade
1.      Popcorn Contract farming          Pvt-Pvt                              Seed production &       1000 ha
                                          (Farmers & Pvt dealers)              Popcorn production      Rs. 35.0 lakhs
2.      Gerkin Production and export      Pvt-Pvt                              Gerkin pickle export
                                          (Farmers & 5 export                                          Rs. 80.0 crores
                                          industries)
3.      Nursery and seedling supply       Pvt-Pvt                              Supply of improved
                                          (Farmers & Pvt. nursery              vegetable / Fruit       Rs. 8.5.0 crores
                                          owners)                              seedlings
4.      Seed Production in                Pvt-Public                           3 Agencies
        agriculture crops                 (Farmers with KSSC, KOF,                                     Rs. 11.5 crores
                                          NSC)
5.      Seed Production in                Pvt-Pvt                              Seed production


                                                                                                                               72
      Horticulture crops             (Farmers & Pvt. seed
                                     companies)                                          Rs. 2.8 crores
6.    Milk Production and            Pvt-Public                    1392 MPCS
      procurement                    (Farmers - MPCS -
                                     KOMUL(KMF)                                          Rs. 400 crores
7.    Milk Production and            Pvt-Pvt                       4 Agencies            Rs. 2.0 lakh ltrs per
      procurement – Pvt.             (Farmers with four Pvt milk                         day
      participation                  procuring companies)                                Rs. 8.0crores/per
                                                                                         year
8.    Poultry                        Pvt-Pvt                       4 Nos                 Rs. 5 lakhs per day
                                     (Farmers with 4 Pvt. milk
                                     procuring companies)
9.    Animal & Poultry feed          Pvt-Pvt-Pvt                   3 Agencies            Rs. 45 lakhs
      manufacturing units            (Farmers – feed mafg units-
                                     dealers)
10.   Disease free layings (DFL) -   Pvt-Pvt                       210 units             Rs. 45 lakhs layings
      Production                     (Farmers & 210 LSPS)                                per day
11.   Reeling of Cocoons             Pvt-Pvt                       2300 reelers          22,000MT (Cocoon)
                                     (Farmers & 2300 reelers)                            Rs. 33.0 crores
12.   Weaving of cloth               Pvt-Pvt-Pvt
                                     Farmer-Reelers (2300)-
                                     Weavers(154)                            -do-               -do-
13.   Organic Manure                 Pvt-Pvt                       Organic manure        2,000 MT
      production                                                   units, Vermi-
                                                                   compost production    1,000 MT
                                                                   units.                2 units
                                                                   Bio fertilizer mafg
                                                                   units
14.   INM                            Pvt-Public-Pvt                -Soil testing         2000 soil samples
                                     (Farmers-KSDA-Farmers)        -INM demos
                                                                                         40 Nos demos
15.   IPM & Bio control Labs         Pvt-Public-Pvt                IPM demos             16 units


                                                                                                             73
                                      (Farmers-KSDA-Farmers)         Supply of Bio
                                                                     control agents         Rs. 3.0 lakhs / day
16.   Value addition(Cereals)         Pvt-Pvt                        -Preparation of        Rs. 23 lakhs /
                                      (Farmers & SHG’s)              Ragi/maize/soya bean   month
                                                                     products
                                                                     -Dal Processing
17.   Processing and value addition   Pvt-Public                     2 Units
      (Hort crops)                    (farmers – Hopcoms                                    Rs. 2.0 crores
                                      farmers -production units)     13 Units
18.   Drip Irrigtion                  Pvt-Public-Pvt
                                      (Farmers – Line                11 Nos                 Rs. 3.6 crores
                                      departments- Private
                                      dealers)
19.   TOT by agricultural             Pvt-Pvt                        Drip irrigation        Rs. 13 lakhs /
      entrepreneur                    (Farmer- 9 Agri clinics)       TOT                    month
                                                                     Consultancy
20    Organising Krishi Melas         Pvt-Public                     Krishi Melas           Rs. 2.0 lakhs
      (Farmers –scientists -          (2 Fertilizer dealers assocn   farmers- scientists-   (Being contributed
      interactions)                   & KSDA)                        interaction sessions   by dealers
                                                                                            association)

21.   Maintenance of RSK’s by         Public-Pvt                     -Maintenance of        8 SHG’s
      SHG’s                           KSDA & 8 SHG’s WYTEP           RSK, TOT laying out
                                                                     -demos
                                                                     -Sales & services
22.   Market Information System       Pvt-Public                        a. Price trend      2 units
      and consultancy centers &       NGO/SHG/KSDA/                     b. Market
      E-networking wing               ATMA Consultancy                     forecast
                                      Units                             c. E commerce
                                                                        d. E-Agri
                                                                           business
23.   Documentation, Success          Pvt-Public                        4 Agencies          5 Nos



                                                                                                                 74
         stories, technical information              NGO-Line depts
         & dissemination
24.      Information, Communication                  Pvt-Public                                                           2 Agencies
         technology-E- networking                    NGO/SHGs-Line
         (Net working – SAUs,RSKs,                   Departments
         KVKs and APMCs, etc)
25.      Custom – hiring service                     Pvt-Public-Pvt                        -Hire-out the Hi-              4 Nos
         centers                                     TAPCs/SHGs & Line depts               tech & innovative
                                                                                           implements & agril.
                                                                                           machinery
                                                                                            -Repair &
                                                                                           upkeeping of Agril.
                                                                                           Machinery


                                                                     TABLE – 9C:
        MOVEMENT AND FLOW PATTERN OF DIFFERENT COMMODITIES FROM REGULATED
                      MARKETS TO THE KOLAR DISTRICT HOPCOMS
Sl.    Name of the     Location of the                  Quantity (volume) of the trade             Value of the trade
No.    commodity           trade                     Inflow                     Out flow                     Inflow                        Out flow
                     Dist.   Talu Vill     Distri    Talu   Village District Talu        Village   Distri Talu        Village   District    Talu    Village
                              k      age    ct         k                            k               ct        k                               k
1.                    -        -       -     -         -    192        180          -       -        -        -     25.0        23.0          -        -
2.                    -        -       -     -         -    144        126          -       -        -        -     9.0         8.3           -        -
3.     Mango          -        -       -     -         -    120        115          -       -        -        -     2.5         2.0           -        -
4.     Tomato         -        -       -     -         -    94         86           -       -        -        -     5.2         4.4           -        -
5.     Onion          -        -       -     -         -    96         88           -       -        -        -     5.5         4.9           -        -
6.     Beans          -        -       -     -         -    13         12           -       -        -        -     0.91        0.85          -        -
7.     Carrot         -        -       -     -         -    22         20           -       -        -        -     2.2         2.00          -        -
       Total          -        -       -     -         -    681        627          -       -        -        -     50.31       45.45         -        -

      D – District       T – Taluk                  V - Village




                                                                                                                                                    75
                                                                   TABLE: 9C

                MOVEMENT AND FLOW PATTERN OF DIFFERENT COMMODITIES FROM REGULATED
                                 MARKETS IN KOLAR DISTRICT APMC


Sl.   Name of the   Location of the trade             Quantity (volume) of the trade        Value of the trade
No    commodity                                      Inflow                   Out flow               Inflow                    Out flow
                    Distri   Block   Villa   Dis    Block    Village Distri Block Villa     District Block Villa    District     Block    Villa
                     ct               ge     tric                        ct            ge                      ge                          ge
                                               t
1.    Paddy           -               -       -    63666.5    -       -       -      -        -      64.1    -        -           -        -
2.    Ragi            -               -       -      2068.9   -       -       -      -        -      1.02    -        -           -        -
3.    Maize           -               -       -    16095.7    -       -       -      -        -       8.5    -        -           -        -
4.    Onion           -               -       -    10692.8    -       -       -      -        -       3.5    -        -           -        -
5.    Chilli          -               -       -       521.0   -       -       -      -        -      1.14    -        -           -        -
6.    Tomato          -               -       -     462726    -       -       -      -        -     128.9    -        -           -        -
7.    Potato          -               -       -       12586   -       -       -      -        -      4.62    -        -           -        -




                                                                                                                                           76
                                                   TABLE: 9D

INFORMATION ON MARKET INFRASTRUCTURE FACILITIES AVAILABLE IN THE KOLAR
                              DISTRICT
Sl. Name of the     Name of the    Type of    Location of      Commodities handled             Capacity (M. T)   Tariff if
No. Taluk           structure      service    facility                                     Installed    Used     any
                                   offered
1    Bagepalli      Godowns,       Stocking   Bagepalli        Vegetables Tomato,          1200        1200      -
                    cold storage                               Ground nut
2    Bangarpet      Godowns        Stocking   Bangarpet        Food grains Jaggery         57200       57200     -

3    Chikkaballapur Godowns        Stocking   Chikkaballapur   Vegetables Tomato,          80          80        -
                                                               Ground nut
4    Chintamani     Godowns        Stocking   Chintamani       Food grains                 700         700       -
5    Gowribidanur   Godowns,       Stocking   Gowribidanur     Hybrid Maize, ground nut,   2440        2440      -
                    ware houses                                Jaggery, Vegetables
6    Gudibande      Godowns        Stocking   Gudibande        Hybrid Maize, ground nut,   1000        1000      -
                                                               Jaggery, Vegetables
7    Kolar          Godowns,       Stocking   Kolar            Vegetable food grains       48100       48100     -
                    ware house,
                    cold storage
8    Malur          Godowns        Stocking   Malur            Vegetables                  5000        5000      -
9    Mulbagal       Godowns,       Stocking   Mulbagal         Food grains, Mango          27100       27100     -
                    ware house
10   Sidlagatta     -              -          -                -                           -           -         -
11   Srinivaspur    Godowns        Stocking   Srinivaspur      Food grains, Mango          2000        2000      -




                                                                                                                             77
                                                                TABLE: 10


                  INFORMATION ON AGRO- PROCESSING FACILITIES AVAILABLE IN AND OUTSIDE
                        THE DISTRICT BUT SERVING THE NEED OF THE KOLAR DISTRICT

Sl.    Name of the        Location of            Name              Commodities         Type of processing              Capacity
No.      Taluk           the processing                             processed                                  Installed     In use
                              unit
1.    Bagepalli          Bagepalli         Godown, Agro         Tomato Vegetables    Jam, Pickles, Ketchup     20            20
                                           food products
2.    Bangarpet            -                        -                    -                        -                  -             -
3.    Chikkaballapur       -                        -                    -                        -                  -             -
4.    Chintamani     Talagavara            Hemas Agro           Tomato Vegetables,   Tomato, Ketchup, canned   200           200
                                                                Mango.               vegetables, Mango Pulp.
                         Kaiwara           Heavens Agro         Mango                Pulp
                                           tech.                                                               10            10
5.    Gowribidanur               -                  -                    -                        -                  -             -
6.    Gudibande                  -                  -                    -                        -                  -             -
7.    Kolar       1      Medihala,         Swagath food         Tomato Vegetables,   Tomato, Ketchup, canned   400           400
                                           processing unit      Mango                vegetables, Mango Pulp
                     2   Medihala,         I.Q.F                Tomato Vegetables,   Tomato, Ketchup, canned   350           350
                                                                Mango                vegetables, Mango Pulp
                     3   Narasapura        Koleman India        Jerkins              Jerkins processing        400           400
                                           Ltd.
                     4   Kolar                                  Flower export
                                           Majestic floritech
8.    Malur                      -                  -                    -                        -                  -             -
9.    Mulbagal           Mulbagal                   -           Mango                Mango pulp                      -             -
10.   Siddlaghatta               -                  -                    -                        -                  -             -
11.   Srinivaspur        i) Srinivaspur    YFS cashew           Cashew               Cashew processing         50            50
                                           Industries
                         ii) Srinivaspur   Chowdeshwari         Cashew               Cashew processing         40            40
                                           cashew Industries




                                                                                                                                       78
                                                                  TABLE: 11 A


                 LIST OF CREDIT INSTITUTIONS IN OPERATION FOR AGRICULTURE AND ALLIED SECTORS IN
                                                  KOLAR DISTRICT

Sl.    Name of the                                  Type of credit Organization and amount distributed in a year
No.      Taluk                     Coop Banks                              LD Banks                             Nationalized Banks
                       No. of    No. of Borrower    Amount No. of             No.of       Amou       No. of      No. of borrowers    Amount
                       branc-                        (lakhs)   branc-      borrowers       nt (in branches                              (in
                        hes     ST    M     LT                  hes    ST M         LT    lakhs)               ST      MT     LT      lakhs)
                                      T                                       T
1     Bagepalli        1        -     -     -      -          1        1      -     12   3.33      6           1261 -         205    422.73
2     Bangarpet        1        -     -     2.5    4.4        1        -      -     43   8.00      18          1577 -         154    1407.79
3     Chikkaballapur   1        21    -     5      9.74       1        -      -     28   15.47     9           1007 -         567    1014.89
4     Chintamani       1        3     -     1      4.41       1        -     -    -       -        11         2275   -       57      1374.13
5     Gowribidanur     2        18    -     -      8.23       1        -     -    4       1.37     1.1        2192   -       993     2941.75
6     Gudibande        1        3     -     -      7.56       1        -     -    14      6.76     2          591    -       169     178.88
7     Kolar            1        -     -     131    28.34      1        44    -    147     180.19   12         2630   -       391     2711.87
8     Malur            1        -     -     4      1.89       1        -     -    -       -        10         2134   -       223     1782.57
9     Mulbagal         1        -     -     6      0.85       1        -     -    1       0.30     8          1626   -       809     1201.56
10    Shiddlaghatta    1        391   -     30     99.91      1        10    -    -       4.28     9          893    -       90      506.0
11    Srinivaspur      1        126   -     -      29.68      1        -     -    93      9.99     7          1386   -       330     1057.71




                                                                                                                                      79
          CONTD………………….TABLE – 11A


    Regional Rural Banks              Private Banks                   Others                         Total
No. of   No. of    Amount    Non of    No. of     Amount   No. of      No. of    Amo     No. of   No. of     Amount    No. of    No of
Branch credito     (lakhs)   Branch    Creditors (lakhs)   Branches    Credito   unt     Branch   Credito    (lakhs)   farmers   farmers
es       rs                  es                                        rs        (lakh   es       rs                   covered   not covered
                                                                                 s)
5        129      360.4      3        605        90.62     -           -         -       16       3676       877.08    3676      27641
7        1310     534.0      2        35         38.92     -           -         -       29       4144       1993.11   4144      42409
3        810      252.3      2        168        194.81    -           -         -       16       2606       1487.21   2606      248521
7        3103     720.49     3        358        112.09    -           -         -       23       5797       2211.14   5797      31466
5        2717     634.21     3        395        156.80    -           -         -       2        6599       374.26    6899      43183
3        1048     250.42     -        -          -         -           -         -       7        974        443.62    974       8670
10       3412     1265.45    2        214        97.89     1           -         -       26       6975       4283.74   6975      33202
                                                           (KSFC)
4        1576     575.76     -        -          -         -           -         -       16       3931       2360.22   3937      34690
7        1823     670.12     2        148        59.90     -           -         -       19       4413       1932.73   4413      3692
6        1882     631.32     -        -          -         -           -         -       17       3296       1241.51   3296      33212
6        1808     605.30     1        258        168.83    -           -         -       16       4041       1871.51   4041      30168




                                                                                                                                          80
                                                                TABLE: 11B

                        INFORMATION ON CREDIT EXTENDED BY OTHER THAN LOCAL BANKS
     I. SHG Bank Linkage programme in Kolar District
          Banks           No.        Branches                No. of SHGs               SHGs linked during the year (From 01 April
                           of         partici-                                                           2005)
                        branches      pating     Having   Already No. of   Amt. Of     Fresh SHGs       Repeat        Total groups
                                                 SB A/C    credit  A/C       Loan      credit linked    groups        credit linked
                                                           linked holders outstanding No.       Bank No. Bank        No.     Bank
                                                                                                Loan        loan             Loan
A.   Com. Banks
     SBM                      29            29      926       496     285         102.65    102    28.55                   102    28.55
     Canara Bank              38            38     2857      1875    1279         586.45    649   216.45    65    61.80    714   278.25
     Vijaya Bank               8             8      375       228     205         118.30    105    82.00                   105    82.00
     Bank of Baroda            3             3      256       235     125          72.62     26    12.50     2     1.20     28    13.70
     Bank of India             2             2      192       154     140          58.96     17     6.50     5     2.50     22     9.00
     SBI                       8             7      284        95      85          38.25     48    38.50                    48    38.50
     CBI                       2             2      126        88      62          21.50     12     6.50                    12     6.50
     Corpn. Bank               5             5      235        96      75          28.25     55    26.50                    55    26.50
     Dena. Bank                1             1       25         6       5           1.15      2     0.80                     2     0.80
     PNB                       2             2      188       155      85          55.25     12     6.50     2     1.20     14     7.70
     UBI                       1             1      135        88      42          22.25     11     3.50                    11     3.50
     ING Vysya                14            14      205       132      93          34.65     36    19.80                    36    19.80
     Karnataka Bank            3             3       56         4       0           0.00      0        0                     0     0.00
     Syndicate Bank            3             3       68        38      28          12.50     25     8.50                    25     8.50
     Total – CBs             119           116     5928      3559    2721        1152.78   1100   456.60    74    66.70   1174   523.30
B.   Kolar                    62            61     4938      3655    2314         589.56    502   243.88   195    88.40    697   332.28
     Grameena
     Bank
     DCCB *                   12            11     1657       707     235          49.50      6     2.30                     6     2.30
     Grand Total             192           188    12523      7778    5270        1791.84   1608   702.78   269   155.10   1614   857.88

     2. Money lenders (Registered money lenders) in Kolar district
     Division                 Money lenders     Pawn brokers       Numbers                                  Amount (lakhs)
                                                                                              Agriculture          Non-Agriculture
     Kolar                         92               264                    154                -                    -
     Chikkaballapura               11               56                     145                -                    -
     District Total                103              320                    299                78.51                87.21
     (91.88) (118.94)
                                                                                                                                     81
                                                                              TABLE: 12


                  INFORMATION ON INPUT AND SERVICE FACILITIES IN KOLAR DISTRICT

       Name Of Enterprise: Agriculture / Horticulture / Animal Husbandry/ Sericulture/ Fisheries
Name of the         Seed              Fertilizers   Pesticides      Animal    Agri      Veter   Fish    Finge   No of          Fodder        Repair    Others
Taluks                                                              Feed &    Implem    inary   feeds   rling   horticulture                 Centers
                                                                    poultry   ents &    Medi                    nurseries
                                                                    feed      Machin    cines
                                                                              ery
                    N        Q        N     Q       N       Q       N    Q    N     Q   N   Q   N   Q   N   Q   N     Q        Com      No   N   Q     N        Q
                                                                                                                               modit
                                                                                                                               ies
Bagepalli           21       1250     13    1830    10      1300     -    -    -   -    -   -   -   -   -   -   1     0.20        -      -   -    -     -       -
Bangarpet           20       1650     37    2859    29      1800     -    -    -   -    -   -   -   -   -   -   3     2.10        -      -   -    -     -       -
Chikkaballapur      26       750      34    4103    23      2500     -    -    -   -    -   -   -   -   -   -   1     0.20        -      -   -    -     -       -
Chintamani          25       1300     62    749     47      2300     -    -    -   -    -   -   -   -   -   -   1     0.20        -      -   -    -     -       -
Gowribidanur        41       3700     50    4509    13      2500     -    -    -   -    -   -   -   -   -   -   2     1.79        -      -   -    -     -       -
Gudibande           0        1100     16    629     0       400      -    -    -   -    -   -   -   -   -   -   1     0.40        -      -   -    -     -       -
Kolar               22       1275     29    5734    28      3000     -    -    -   -    -   -   -   -   -   -   1     3.40        -      -   -    -     -       -
Malur               28       1350     39    2480    29      3500     -    -    -   -    -   -   -   -   -   -   1     0.80        -      -   -    -     -       -
Mulbagal            17       1800     26    1717    25      2800     -    -    -   -    -   -   -   -   -   -   1     0.20        -      -   -    -     -       -
Shiddlaghatta       12       9751     46    2248    19      1800     -    -    -   -    -   -   -   -   -   -   1     1.40        -      -   -    -     -       -
Srinivaspur         10       1100     17    1923    14      3000     -    -    -   -    -   -   -   -   -   -   1     0.83        -      -   -    -     -       -
                    222      16250    369   35081   237     25200    -    -    -   -    -   -   -   -   -   -   14    11.52       -      -   -    -     -       -


                  N – No. of units
                  Q - Quantity




                                                                                                                                                           82
                                                         TABLE: 13


                 LIST OF FARMERS GROUPS AND ORGANIZATION WORKING IN KOLAR DISTRICT

Sl. Name & Location of          Address with Tel.        Area of operation    Commodity      Theme under Activities
No. Farmers groups &            No. / Farm if any                             enterprise     which farmers performed
    farmers organization                                                                     groups
                                                                                             organized
1    Farmers Self welfare       Hithlahalli,             Hithlahalli, Anur & Sericulture,                   Extension
     Sanga, Siddlagatta taluk   Siddlagatta taluk, Ph:   Belluti             Potato, Sheep      NABARD      activities and
                                9448138397                                   rearing,                       Exposure
                                                                             Agricultural                   visits
2    Farmer club, Siddlagatta   Kundalagurki,            Kundalagurki &      Sericulture,    NABARD /       Extension
     taluk                      Chintamani taluk         surrounding         Potato, Sheep   Development    activities and
                                Ph: 944802822            villages            rearing,        through credit Exposure
                                                                             Agricultural                   visits
3    Mudlahalli farmers club,   Narayanaswamy. C         Mudlahalli                -“-             -“-             -“-
     Chikkaballpur taluk        Mudlahalli,
                                Chintamani Ph:
                                958154237133
4    Irgampalli farmers club,   N.C.Krishnareddy,        Irgampalli                -“-            -“-              -“-
     Chintamani taluk           Chintamani taluk Ph:
                                948154236007
5    Huthanur farmers club,     Huthanur Srinavasa,      Huthanur                  -“-            -“-              -“-
     Mulbagal taluk             Mulabagal taluk
                                Ph: 958159245029 /
                                245129
6    Jansci farmers club,       Ananthapadmanabaiah      Mallanayakanahalli        -“-            -“-              -“-
     Mulbagal taluk             Mulbagal taluk
                                Ph: 958159240869
7    V.V.V club, Malur taluk    B. R. Ra vi, Malur       Huludenahalli             -“-            -“-              -“-
                                taluk
                                Ph: 9449618138


                                                                                                                         83
8    Ganavikasa farmers club,    Malur                   Malur            -“-   -“-   -“-
     Malur taluk
9    Gumlapur farmers club,      Mulbagal                Gumlapur         -“-   -“-   -“-
     Mulbagal taluk
     Contd… Table 13
10   Hosahalli, V.V.V club,      Mulbagal                Thayalaur        -“-   -“-   -“-
     Mulbagal taluk
11   Hebani VVV club,            Mulbagal                Hebani           -“-   -“-   -“-
     Mulbagala taluk
12   Vinayaka farmers club,      Kolar taluk             Hosahahalli      -“-   -“-   -“-
     Kolar taluk
13   Gnangothri Maehali VVV      Srinavaspura            Adavichampakar   -“-   -“-   -“-
     club, Srinavaspura taluk
14   MV, Bank Snehithara club,   Gopal reddy,            Gidnahalli       -“-   -“-   -“-
     Chikkaballpura              Chikkaballapura taluk
15   Venugopalaswamy farmers     Venugopalswamy,         Venugopalpura    -“-   -“-   -“-
     club, Bangarpet taluk       Bangerpet
16   Vishvanathpura Bank         Suguturu Kolar taluk    Ankapatti        -“-   -“-   -“-
     Snehithara club, Kolar
     taluk
17   VVV club, Malur taluk       Malur taluk             Malur            -“-   -“-   -“-
18   Havani farmers club,        Mulbagal                Havani           -“-   -“-   -“-
     Mulbagala taluk
19   Mandical farmers club,      Mulbagal taluk          Mandical         -“-   -“-   -“-
     Mulbagal taluk
20   Farmers development         M. Rajaiah FDA          Chikkaballpura   -“-   -“-   -“-
     sanga, Chikkaballpura       house near Lidkkar
     taluk                       campus, MG cross,
                                 Chikkaballpura -
                                 562101




                                                                                            84
                                                           TABLE: 14

               INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEM PREVAILING IN KOLAR DISTRICT

Sl.   Type of Communication                    Sector          Address with      Type of Services     Area of operation
No    Facility                     Public No      Private No   tel. No. Fax No   rendered
1     Post Offices                 423            15 courier   -                 Postal Service       Entire District
2     Telephone exchanges          140            11           -                 Communications       Entire District
3     Telephone booths (public)    95230          -            -                 Communications       District and other places
4     Computer Service providing   21             -            -                 Technical services   Residential
      Centers (Important)
5     Computer Training center     11             23           -                 Computer Training    Entire District
      (Important)
6     Internet centers             -              -            -                 -                    -
7     T.V. Station                 -              1            -                 Programme relay      District
8     Radio Station                -              -            -                 -                    -
9     News papers                  13             5            -                 News                 District and State
10    Periodicals                  -              -            -                 -                    -
11    Radio clubs                  -              -            -                 -                    -
12    TV Clubs                     -              -            -                 -                    -
13    KCC                          -              -            -                 -                    -
14    Any other com. Facility      -              -            -                 -                    -




                                                                                                                                  85
86
  DESCRIPTION OF ONGOING
EXTENSION AND DEVELOPMENT
 ACTIVITIES IN THE DISTRICT




                              87
Description of ongoing extension and development activity in Kolar District
               On going scheme under varieties department


    Sl.         Sector Central/     Name of Scheme
    No.          State/District
   I      AGRICULTURE DEPARTMENT
   1      Block (TP)            Plant protection scheme
   2      Block (TP)            Special component plan
   3      District              Seed farm
   4      District              ISOPAM- maize
   5      District              ISOPAM- Pulses
   6      District              ISOPAM- oil seeds
   7      District              Drip irrigation
   8      District              Agri. Clinics
   9      District              District Agricultural Training center
   10     District              Farm Mechanization
   11     District              Post harvest technologies
   12     District              Organic manure
   13     District              Workplan – Crop production management
   14     District              Work plan – Farm mechanization
   15     District              Work plan –HRD
   16     District              Work plan – organic Farming
   17     State                 Plant protection scheme
   18     State                 Farm information
   19     State                 Agri. Fair & exhibition
   20     State                 WYTEP
   21     State                 ISOPAM – Pulses
   22     State                 ISOPAM – oil seeds
   23     State                 KRISHI PRASHASTI (AWARDS)
   24     State                 Committee & Consultancies
   25     State                 Work plan – Farm mechanization
   26     State                 Work plan – HRD
   27     State                 Organic manure scheme
   II     HORTICULTURE DEPARTMENT
   1.     District              Scheme for seed coconut procurement, nursery
                                management & propagation
   2.     District              Training to farmers
   3.     District              Assistance to farmers
   4.     District              Development and maintenance of Horticultural Farms
   5.     District              C.S.S for drip irrigation
   6.     District              Horticulture buildings
   7.     District              Special component plan
   8.     District              Tribal sub plan
   9.     District              Assistance to cold storage
   10.    District              C.S.S for tropical arid Zone fruit crops development
                                                                                       88
      Contd… Table
11.   District        C.S.S for vegetable crop development
12.   District        C.S.S for Cashew development
13.   District        C.S.S for commercial floriculture
14.   District        C.S.S for Integrated pest management
15.   District        Coconut board assisted scheme for Integrated farming in
                      coconut for production improvement
16.   Central         Coconut boards assist. Integrated pest management
17.   Central         Coconut board assist technology transfer for mite
                      control programme
18.   Central         Adoption of Israel technology in farmers fields
19.   Central         Vegetable development scheme
20.   Central         Integrated cashew development scheme
21.   Central         Medicinal and Aromatic dye plant development scheme
22.   Central         Farms and nursery development scheme
23.   Central         Organic Horticulture
III   ANIMAL HUSBANDRY
1.                        Artificial Institution
2.                        Pregnancy test
3.                        Foot mouth Vaccination
4.                        RKT vaccination
5.                        Village search programme (R.P)
6.                        Stock route search
7.                        Rinder pest broke review (R.P)
8.                        5kg minkit fodder seed distribution
9.                        Fodder development programme
10.                       Farmers meet
11.                       Animal infertility camps
12.                       Seed component scheme (State)
13.                       Special tribal social programme (State)
14.                       Special breeding live stock programme (SLBB)
15.                       Village meetings
16.                       Livestock monthly show
17.                       Technical superstition
18.                       Giriraja bird distribution
IV    SERICULTURE
1.                        Kissan nurseries
2.                        Separate silkworm rearing buildings
3.                        Drip irrigation schemes
4.                        Vermicompost sheds construction scheme
5.                        Multi unit construction scheme
6.                        Chawki rearing centers construction scheme
7.                        Sericulture women training programme
8.                        Field days
9.                        Workshops



                                                                           89
      Contd… Table
V     FISHERIES DEPARTMENT
1.                       Inland fisheries construction and maintenance of
                         Building a facilities
                         Fish seed production, Rearing and distribution
                         Exhibition and training mathsya vahini – Subsidiary
                         for fish market
                         Special component plan
                         Assistance to central fish farmers development
                         agency
                         Mathsya ashraya – housing scheme
VI    FOREST DEPARTMENT
      Territory Forestry
1.    State              Compensatory regeneration
2.    State              Compensatory regeneration and cultural operation
3.    State              Compensatory regularization of encroachment
4.    Central            Compensatory Novas
5.    State              Fish protection
6.    State              Karnataka forest development
7.    State              Area oriental fuel & fodder scheme
8.    State              Development of dry land forest
9.    State              Tribal sub plan
10.   State              Special component plan
11.   State              Integrated forest protection
12.   External aid       Japan bank for international co-operation
13.   Central            Forest development agency
      Social Forestry
1.    External aid       Japan Bank for international co-operation
2.    District state     Haryali yojana




                                                                          90
DISTRICT MAP SHOWING THE AGRO
    ECOLOGICAL SITUATIONS




                  AES – I
                     AES – II
                  AES – III




                                91
 IDENTIFICATION, DESCRIPTION
   AND ANALYSIS OF EXISTING
FARMING SYSTEMS UNDER EACH
             AES




                               92
Transact Map of AES Villages of Kolar District
  Sl.           Particulars              AES-I      AES-II       AES-III
  No
III     Prominent farming
        systems
1       Agri- Horti                        -           -             -
2       Agri-                              Y           Y             -
3       Agri- Horti-Silivi                 -           -             -
4       Agri –Horti-Dairy                  Y           Y             Y
5       Agri-Horti-Seri                    Y           -             Y
6       Agri-Horty-Dairy-seri              Y           Y             Y
IV      Population(2001census)
A       Male                              510         395          1031
B       Female                            485         387          1051
C       Total                             995         782          2082
D       Sex Ratio                         950         979            10
E       Density(Per sq.Km)                307         302           308
F       Percentage of literary            63%         58%          65%
V       General Problems
1       Reduction of under ground water table
2       Supply of fertilizers
3       Legislation of Area on Major Crops
4       Marketing Agri Seri and Horticulture crops
5       Post harvest Technology
IV      OPPORTUNITIES
1       Soil and water conservation in Dry Farming
2       More emphasis on organic farming
3       Higher subsidy to organic farming
4       Legislation to be brought area of individual crops
5       Marketing infrastructure should be brought to village levels, Just
        like milk societies
6       Mechanized threshing units should be made available on
        co-operative sector




                                                                             93
Transact Map of AES Villages of Kolar District
 Sl.            Particulars       AES-I           AES-II            AES-III
 No
  1     Type of Land                C                C                 C
  1     Soil Type               Red loamy        Red sandy          Lateritic
  2     Topography                Plain        Undulating &          Plain
                                                  Hillock
 3      Source of Irrigation   Tanks & Wells   Tanks & Wells     Tanks & Wells
 II     CROPS GROWN
 1.     Agricultural crops
 a      Kharif                  Ragi, Paddy    G. nut, Maize   Ragi ,Maize, Paddy
 b      Ragi                    Horse gram     Horse Gram       Horse Gram, cold
                                                                      crops
  c     Summer                  Paddy, Ragi      Sunflower        Paddy (Irri)
                                   (Irri)          Maize
 2.     Horticultural crops
 a      Vegetables                Tomato     Tomato potato,    Tomato potato, cole
                                Potato, cole   cole crops            crops
                                   crops
   b    Fruits                 Mango, Sapota Mango, Cashew      Grapes, Cashew
   c    Orchards/Plantations         -              -                  -
   3    Sericulture
  A     Mulbery Varieties
   i)   V-1                         V1               -                V1
  ii)   S-36                         -               -                 -
 iii)   M-5                         M5              M5                M5
  4.    Farm forestry
   a    Eucalyptus              Eucalyptus      Eucalyptus         Eucalyptus




                                                                                 94
95
                                                                    TABLE: 15

                                        INFORMATION ON OPERATIONAL LAND HOLDINGS

Sl.      Name of the                                              Operational holding (number and area)
No.      village                       Large*             Medium*          Small*           Marginal*             Landless Total
                                 No. of       Area      No. of  Area   No. of    Area     No. of   Area            No. of   No. of      Area
                                farmers       (Ha)     farmers (Ha) farmers (Ha) farmers           (Ha)           farmers farmers       (Ha)
1.       Thotli                       02      20.00          18 84.00       25 50.00         205 205.00                  50    250      143.6
2.       Achepally                      5      22.0          37  47.0       40     60.0        85   24.20                25    167     153.20
3.       Malamachanahalli             16     100.00          50  64.0       50     83.3      259      120                90    375      367.3

     Large + More than 10 ha          Medium = 4 to 10 ha        Small = 2 to 4 ha    Marginal = less than 1 ha



                                                                    TABLE: 16


                                         DEMOGRAPHIC INFORMATION OF THE VILLAGE

Sl.    Name of the             Population       Male    Female    Children     % of       Workers No.      * Categories No.    Total
No     village                 (2001)                                          Literacy   Agri Non-          SC ST       OBC
                                                                                               Agri.
1.     Thotli                  1379             510     485       384          60         50   -           268    105   1006   1379
2.     Achepally               782              395     387       200          70         217  50          90     3     99     192
3.     Malamachanahalli        2082             1031    1051      482          60         100  90          110    344   1593   2082




                                                                                                                                          96
                                                                 TABLE: 17


                                 INFORMATION ON IRRIGATED AREA IN THE VILLAGE

SL Name of the          Rainfed %                                         Irrigated area (Source wise)
.  village              area            Major %    Med       % Minor      %     Lift % Wells %              Oth- % Total           %
No                                                 ium                                                      er
1.   Thotli               51.50 35.50 -            -              -              -            92.6 64.5     -                92.60 64.5
2.   Achepally           108.00 70.58 -        -   -         -    41.20   26.9   -       -    4.00 2.61     -        -       45.20 29.42
3.   Malamachanahalli    285.92 77.00 -        -   -         -    29.30   8.00   -       -   55.30 15.00    -        -       84.60 23.00



                                                                 TABLE: 18


                         INFORMATION ON IRRIGATION PROJECTS NEARING COMPLETION

       SL.              Type of the project*            Name of the project                   Area irrigated (ha)
       No.                                                                       Projected                          Actual

              Nil                                      Nil




                                                                                                                                       97
                                                                TABLE: 19

                                           INFORMATION ON LAND USE PATTTERN
Sl.   Name of the village   Geographical    Cultivable   Cultivated   Cultivable   Current   Forest   Land put to   Land under      Barren &
No.                            Area           Area         Area         waste      Fallow              non agri.      misc.        uncultivable
                                                                                                         Use        Plantation        land
                                                                                                                                   (Waste land)
 1.        Thotli                 145.5         143.3        143.3            -          -       -             -            49.5            2.00
 2.      Achepally                293.6          62.0         62.0        45.97       10.5   124.4             -            0.50               -
 3.   Malamachanahalli           261.16         148.7        148.7            -          -    48.9         62.42               -               -




                                                                TABLE: 20


                                       INFORMATION ON SOIL FOR THE VILLAGE

Sl.    Name of the             Black Soil         Red sandy soil         Sandy soil          Sandy loam             Total
No.    village                                                                               soil
                        Area(ha)            %    Area(Ha)         %     Area(ha)       %    Area(ha)       %    Area(ha) %
1.     Thotli               28.7           20.00    101.6         70.00     14.9      10.00        -          -    143.3     100
2.     Achepally               -               -         -            -     24.8      40.00    37.21      60.00     62.9  100.00
3.     Malamachanahalli    11.86            8.00      48.6        33.00     88.3      59.00        -          -    148.7  100.00




                                                                                                                                           98
                                                           TABLE : 21A

PRODUCTION AND PRODUCTIVITY OF IMPORTANT COMMODITIES UNDER AES-1
                               CROP ENTERPRISE FOR THOTLI VILLAGE OF KOLAR DISTRICT
AES - I
Sl.     Name of                1985                 1990               1995               2000               2004
No.     the
        Commodity
                       A       P        Y   A       P      Y   A       P      Y   A       P      Y   A       P      Y
1.      Ragi           65.0    -        -   63.0    -      -   64.0    -      -   60.0    -      -   60.0    -      -
2.      Paddy          18.0    -        -   14.0    -      -   10.0    -      -   8.0     -      -   3.5     -      -
3.      Groundnut      8.0     -        -   6.0     -      -   5.0     -      -   3.0     -      -   0.0     -      -
4.      Maize          7.5     -        -   6.0     -      -   5.0     -      -   3.0     -      -   0.0     -      -
5.      Minor          4.0     -        -   3.5     -      -   2.0     -      -   2.0     -      -   0.0     -      -
        millets
6.      Mango          2.0     -        -   5.0     -      -   11.2    -      -   24.0    -      -   30.0    -      -
7.      Tomato         2.0     -        -   2.0     -      -   4.0     -      -   6.0     -      -   10.0    -      -
8.      Sericulture    35.0    -        -   42.0    -      -   40.0    -      -   35.5    -      -   38.0    -      -
        Total          141.5   -        -   141.5   -      -   141.5   -      -   141.5   -      -   141.5   -      -


A – Area in „00‟ ha.
P – Production „00‟ m. tons.
Y – Yield (Productivity) in Qtls / ha




                                                                                                                        99
                                                            TABLE: 21B

PRODUCTION AND PRODUCTIVITY OF IMPORTANT COMMODITIES UNDER AES-1I
                             CROP ENTERPRISE FOR ACHEPALLY VILLAGE OF KOLAR DISTRICT
AES - II
Sl.     Name of                1985                  1990                1995                 2000                 2004
No.     the              A       P      Y     A        P    Y     A        P    Y      A        P    Y      A        P    Y
        Commodity
1.      Ragi            0.40    0.28    7.0   0.40   0.32   8.0   0.50   0.35    7.0   0.65   0.48    7.5   0.80   0.68    8.5
2.      Maize              -       -      -      -      -     -   0.08   0.08   10.0   0.15   0.15   14.0   0.32   0.57   18.0
3.      Sericulture        -       -      -   0.20      -     -   0.15      -      -   0.08      -      -   0.02      -      -
        Total

                                                            TABLE: 21C

PRODUCTION AND PRODUCTIVITY OF IMPORTANT COMMODITIES UNDER AES-III
                      CROP ENTERPRISE FOR MALAMACHANAHALLI VILLAGE OF KOLAR DISTRICT
AES -III
Sl.   Name of the              1985                  1990                1995                 2000                 2004
No.   Commodity
                       A     P     Y     A    P    Y    A                P     Y    A         P     Y    A    P    Y
1.    Ragi              1.80 0.13    7.5 0.60 0.15   25 0.60              0.15   25 0.60       0.15   25 0.60 0.18 30.00
2.    Potato            0.06 1.20 200. 0.06 1.20    200 0.06             1020 200 0.06        1020 200 0.06 1020     200
3.    Tomato               -     -     -    -    -    - 0.08             1060 200 0.08        1060 200 0.06 1.20     200
4.    Sericulture       0.08 0.007 87.5 0.10 0.01 90.0 0.10               0.01   90 0.30       0.30 300 0.40 0.36    150
5.    No. of milch       250 1200     12  350 1500   12  600             1600    12  700      1700    13  800 2000    15
      animals
      Total

A – Area in „00‟ ha.
P – Production „00‟ m. tons.
Y – Yield (Productivity) in Qtls / ha


                                                                                                                                 100
                                                         TABLE: 22

     DETAILS ABOUT NUMBER OF FAMILES UNDER EACH KIND OF RESOURCE SITUATION IN THE
                    AES-I REPRESENTATIVE VILLAGE OF KOLAR DISTRICT
Village: Thotli                        District: Kolar                 Agro-ecological situation: I

Sl.       Categories        No. of familes and their percentage
No.                            Large           Medium          Small        Medium        Total
                                No.              %              No.           %                 No.             %
1.        Resource Rich         56               44              56           44                100            100
2.        Resource poor         38               25             112           75                150            100


Village: Achepalli                     District: Kolar                        Agro-ecological situation: II

Sl.       Categories        No. of familes and their percentage
No.                            Large           Medium          Small        Medium        Total
                                No.              %              No.           %                 No.             %
1.        Resource Rich         20              11.97            10          50.98               30            100
2.        Resource poor         25              14.97           112          67.06              137            100


Village: Malamachanahalli              District: Kolar                        Agro-ecological situation: III

Sl.       Categories        No. of familes and their percentage
No.                            Large           Medium          Small        Medium        Total
                                No.              %              No.           %                 No.             %
1.        Resource Rich         65              56.52            50          43.48              112            100
2.        Resource poor          -                -             259         100.00              259            100


                                                                                                                     101
                                                        TABLE: 23

                DETAILS ABOUT PREDOMINANT EXISTING FARMING SYSTEMSS (EFS)
                 IN THE REPRESENTATIVE VILLAGE OF AN AES IN KOLAR DISTRICT

Village: Thotli                           District: Kolar              Agro-ecological situation: I
Sl.     Existing Farming systems                No. & % of families associated
No.                                                           Number                                   Percentage
                                                     RR                  RP                    RR                    RP
1.     Agri.                                          -                  60                     -                   40.00
2.     Agri + Seri.                                  40                  30                   40.00                 20.00
3.     Agri + Seri. + Hort.                          25                   -                   25.00                   -
4.     Agri + Seri. + Hort. + AH *                   25                  45                   25.00                 30.00
5.     Agri + Seri. + Hort. + AH* + Forestry         25                   -                   20.00                   -
* AH – Animal husbandry

Village: Achepalli                        District: Kolar              Agro-ecological situation: II
Sl.     Existing Farming systems          No. & % of families associated
No.                                                         Number                                     Percentage
                                                  RR           RP                              RR                    RP
1.      Agri.                                      -                     25                      -                  14.97
2.      Agri + AH                                 25                    112                   14.97                 67.06
3.      Agri + Seri. + Hort. + AH                  5                      -                    2.99                   -

Village: Malamachanahalli                           District: Kolar                  Agro-ecological situation: II
 Sl.   Existing Farming systems           No. & % of families associated
 No.                                                        Number                                     Percentage
                                                  RR           RP                              RR                    RP
1.     Agri. + Hort.                                -                    10                     -                    8.00
2.     Agri + Seri + AH                           209                    41                   80.00                 36.00
3.     Agri + Forestry. + AH                       50                    64                   20.00                 56.00
Note: RR= Resource Rich, RP= Resource Poor




                                                                                                                            102
                                              TABLE: 24A

    MAJOR ENTERPRISES ASSOCIATED WITH EACH EXISTING FARMING
  SYSTEMS (EFS) UNDER EACH RESOURCE SITUATION IN REPRESENTATIVE
                    VILLAGES OF KOLAR DISTRICT

District: Kolar               Village: Thotli                          Agro-ecological situation: I
                                                                       Resource Situation: RP
Sl.     Type of enterprises /     No. of families (%) associated with 2-3 dominant enterprises /
No.        commodities                         commodities in representative village
                                    EFS-I           EFS-II          EFS-IV           EFS-V
      - Agricultural crops
                                       -             12
          - Irrigated                              (40%)
          -                                                            9
          -                                                         (20 %)
          - Rainfed                   60                                                4
          -                         (40%)                                            (26 %)
      - Horticultural crops
          - Orchards
          - Vegetables                 -              -             7 (3%)           2 (13%)
          - Floriculture
      - Animal Husbandry
          - Cows                                                                        3
          - Buffalos                                                                  (20%)
          - Sheep                      -              -            15 (33%)
          - Goat
          - Pigs
      Fisheries                        -              -                -                 -
      Sericulture                      -             18               14                 3
                                                   (60%)            (31%)             (20%)
      Poultry                          -              -                -                 -
      Agriculture labour               -              -                -                 -
      Duckeries                        -              -                -                 -
      Bee keeping                      -              -                -                 -
      Forestry                         -              -                -             3 (20%)




                                                                                                   104
                                     TABLE: 24B

    MAJOR ENTERPRISES ASSOCIATED WITH EACH EXISTING FARMING
  SYSTEMS (EFS) UNDER EACH RESOURCE SITUATION IN REPRESENTATIVE
                    VILLAGE OF KOLAR DISTRICT
District: Kolar                   Village: Thotli           Agro-ecological situation: I
                                                                    Resource Situation: RR
Sl.    Type of enterprises /   No. of families (%) associated with 2-3 dominant enterprises
No.       commodities                    / commodities in representative villages
                                   EFS-II           EFS-III        EFS-IV         EFS-V

      - Agricultural crops

          - Irrigated                10               5              3              -
          -                        (25%)            (20%)          (12%)
          -
          - Rainfed                   -               -               -             -
      - Horticultural crops           -               -               -             -
          - Orchards                  -           10 (40%)            -             -
          - Vegetables                -               -           4 (16%)       2 (20%)
          - Floriculture              -               -               -             -
      - Animal Husbandry              -               -
          - Cows                      -               -           8 (32%)           -
          - Buffaloes                 -               -               -         3 (30%)
          - Sheep                     -               -               -             -
          - Goat                      -               -               -             -
          - Pigs                      -               -               -             -
      Fisheries                       -               -               -             -
      Sericulture                 30 (75%)        10(40%)         10(40%)       4(40%)
      Poultry                         -               -               -             -
      Agriculture labour              -               -               -             -
      Duckeries                       -               -               -             -
      Bee keeping                     -               -               -             -
      Forestry                        -               -               -             -




                                                                                        105
                                   TABLE: 24C

    MAJOR ENTERPRISES ASSOCIATED WITH EACH EXISTING FARMING
  SYSTEMS (EFS) UNDER EACH RESOURCE SITUATION IN REPRESENTATIVE
                    VILLAGE OF KOLAR DISTRICT

District: Kolar    Village: Achepally             Agro-ecological situation: II
                                                                 Resource Situation: RR
    Sl.    Type of enterprises /   No. of families (%) associated with 2-3 dominant
    No.       commodities            enterprises / commodities in representative
                                                        village
                                          EFS-II                   EFS-III
          - Agricultural crops

             - Irrigated
             - Paddy                     8(32%)
             - Hybrid Maize              8(32%)
             - Sunflower                 1 (4%)
             - Cotton                     1(4%)
             - Rainfed
             - Ragi                         -
             - Groundnut                    -
             - Redgram                      -
          - Horticultural crops                                       -
             - Orchards                                               -
             - Vegetables                                             -
             - Tomato                       -                    5 (100%)
             - Chilly                       -                    5 (100%)
             - Brinjal                      -                    5 (100%)
             - Onion                        -                    5 (100%)
             - Beans                        -                     1 (20%)
             - Floriculture
          - Animal Husbandry
             - Cows                     25 (100%)                5 (100%)
             - Buffaloes                 15 (60%)                     -
             - Sheep                      6 (24%)                     -
             - Goat                      4 (16 %)                     -
             - Pigs                           -                       -
          Fisheries                           -                       -
          Sericulture                         -                   5 (10%)
          Poultry                             -                       -
          Agriculture labour                  -                       -
          Duckeries                           -                       -
          Bee keeping                         -                       -
          Forestry                            -                       -




                                                                                   106
                                       TABLE: 24D

   MAJOR ENTERPRISES ASSOCIATED WITH EACH EXISTING FARMING
 SYSTEMS (EFS) UNDER EACH RESOURCE SITUATION IN REPRESENTATIVE
                   VILLAGE OF KOLAR DISTRICT

District: Kolar                      Village: Achepally      Agro-ecological situation: II
                                                                   Resource Situation: RP
Sl.          Type of enterprises /      No. of families (%) associated with 2-3 dominant
No.             commodities            enterprises / commodities in representative villages
                                                 EFS-I                      EFS-II
         -     Agricultural crops                  -

          - Irrigated
          - Paddy                                  -
          - Hybrid Maize                           -
          - Sunflower
          - Cotton
          - Rainfed
          - Ragi                               20(80%)                    112(100%)
          - Groundnut                          15(69%)                     30(26%)
          - Redgram                            15(20%))                        -
          - Hybrid Maize                       10(40%)                     50(45%)
          - Horticultural crops                    -
          - Orchards
          - Vegetables
          - Tomato
          - Chilly
          - Brinjal
          - Onion
          - Beans
          - Floriculture
          - Animal Husbandry
          - Cows                                   -                        82(73%)
          - Buffaloes                              -                        40(36%)
          - Sheep                                  -                         5(4%)
          - Goat                                   -                        10 (9%)
          - Pigs                                   -                         6 (5%)
      Fisheries                                    -
      Sericulture                                  -                           -
      Poultry                                      -                           -
      Agriculture labour                           -                           -
      Duckeries                                    -                           -
      Bee keeping                                  -                           -
      Forestry                                     -                           -


                                                                                        107
                                      TABLE: 24E

    MAJOR ENTERPRISES ASSOCIATED WITH EACH EXISTING FARMING
  SYSTEMS (EFS) UNDER EACH RESOURCE SITUATION IN REPRESENTATIVE
                    VILLAGE OF KOLAR DISTRICT


District: Kolar             Village: Malamachanhalli              Agro-ecological situation:
                                            III
                                  Resource Situation: RR
     Sl.      Type of enterprises /     No. of families (%) associated with 2-3 dominant
     No.         commodities               enterprises / commodities in representative
                                                             villages
                                           EFS-I             EFS-II            EFS-III
           - Agricultural crops
               - Irrigated
               - Ragi
               -                            10%                 -                  -
               -
               - Rainfed
               - Ragi                       90%              100%                75%
               -
           - Horticultural crops

                  -   Orchards
                  -   Grapes                10%                 -                 -
                  -   Vegetables
                  -   Potato                10%                 -                 -
                  -   Tomato                10%                 -                 -
                  -   Animal
                      Husbandry                              100 %               90%
                  -   Cows
                  -   Buffaloes
                  -   Sheep
                  -   Goat
                  -   Pigs
           Fisheries                          -                -                  -
           Sericulture                        -              100%                 -
           Poultry                            -                -                  -
           Agriculture labour                 -                -                  -
           Duckeries                          -                -                  -
           Bee keeping                        -                -                  -
           Forestry                           -                -                100 %

                                                                                        108
                                        TABLE: 24F

  MAJOR ENTERPRISES ASSOCIATED WITH EACH EXISTING FARMING
SYSTEMS (EFS) UNDER EACH RESOURCE SITUATION IN REPRESENTATIVE
                  VILLAGE OF KOLAR DISTRICT


District: Kolar         Village: Malamachanahalli           Agro-ecological situation: III
                                                               Resource Situation: RP
  Sl.           Type of enterprises /      No. of families (%) associated with 2-3 dominant
  No.              commodities               enterprises / commodities in representative
                                                                villages
                                                   EFS-II                    EFS-III
                                                    RP                         RR
            -     Agricultural crops

            -     Irrigated
            -     Ragi                              50%                       -
            -
            -
            -     Rainfed
            -     Ragi                              50%                     100%
            -
            -
            -     Horticultural crops
                                                     -                        -
            -     Orchards
                                                     -                        -
            -     Vegetables
                                                     -                        -
            -     Floriculture
                                                     -                        -
            -     Animal Husbandry
            -     Cows                              70%                     60%
            -     Buffaloes                           -                       -
            -     Sheep                               -                     10%
            -     Goat                              20%                     10%
            -     Pigs                                -                       -
        Fisheries                                     -                       -
        Sericulture                                 80 %                    70 %
        Poultry                                     20 %                      -
        Agriculture labour                            -                       -
        Duckeries                                     -                       -
        Bee keeping                                   -                       -
                                                                                       109
             Forestry                                   -                     100 %




                                        TABLE: 25A
 CONTRIBUTION OF DIFFERENT ENTERPRISES TOWARDS ANNUAL INCOME
    UNDER EACH EXISTING FARMING SYSTEMS IN KOLAR DISTRICT

  District: Kolar          Village: THOTLI                      Agro-ecological situation: I
                                                                     Resource Situation: RR
Sl.     Type of enterprises /         Contribution of different enterprises / Commodities
No.        commodities                (P/S/T / Q) towards annual net income in each EFS
                                      EFS-II        EFS-III         EFS-IV          EFS-V
         -    Agricultural
              crops
                                         S             T               -                 -
         -    Irrigated
         -                               -              -             Q                  -
         -    Rainfed
         -
         -    Horticultural
              crops

         -    Orchards                   -              S              -                 -

         -    Vegetables                 -              -              T              Q

         -    Floriculture               -              -              -                 -
         -    Animal
              Husbandry
         -    Cows                       -              -              -              -
         -    Buffaloes                  -              -              -              -
         -    Sheep                      -              -              S              S
         -    Goat                       -              -              -              -
         -    Pigs                       -              -              -              -
      Fisheries                          -              -              -              -
      Sericulture                        P              P              P              P
      Poultry                            -              -              -              -
      Agriculture labour                 -              -              -              -
      Duckeries                          -              -              -              -
      Bee keeping                        -              -              -              -
      Any other Forestry                 -              -              -              T

   P – Primary               S – Secondary         T – Tertiary         Q - Quaternary

                                                                                             110
                                       TABLE: 25B

 CONTRIBUTIONS OF DIFFERENT ENTERPRISES TOWARDS ANNUAL INCOME
     UNDER EACH EXISTING FARMING SYSTEMS IN KOLAR DISTRICT

 District: Kolar          Village: THOTLI                     Agro-ecological situation: I
                                                                   Resource Situation: RP
Sl.     Type of enterprises /       Contribution of different enterprises / Commodities
No.        commodities               (P/S/T/Q) towards annual net income in each EFS
                                    EFS-I          EFS-II          EFS-IV         EFS-V
         -    Agricultural             -
              crops
                                       -                   -          -             -
         -    Irrigated
         -
         -    Rainfed                  P                   S         Q              -
         -

         -    Horticultural
              crops

         -    Orchards                 -                   -         -              -
         -    Vegetable                -                   -         S              Q
         -    Floriculture             -                   -         -              -
         -    Animal
              Husbandry                -                   -         T              -
         -    Cows                     -                   -         -              -
         -    Buffaloes                -                   -         -              S
         -    Sheep                    -                   -         -              -
         -    Goat                     -                   -         -              -
         -    Pigs
      Fisheries                        -                   -         -              -
      Sericulture                      -                   P         P              P
      Poultry                          -                   -         -              -
      Agriculture labour               -                   -         -              -
      Duckeries                        -                   -         -              -
      Bee keeping                      -                   -         -              -
      Forestry                         -                   -         -              T

P – Primary         S – Secondary           T – Tertiary       Q - Quaternary

                                                                                        111
112
                                          TABLE: 25C

  CONTRIBUTION OF DIFFERENT ENTERPRISES TOWARDS ANNUAL INCOME
     UNDER EACH EXISTING FARMING SYSTEMS IN KOLAR DISTRICT

District: Kolar               Village: ACHEPALLY                Agro-ecological situation: II
                                                                Resource Situation: RR
      Sl.         Type of enterprises /        Contribution of different enterprises /
      No.            commodities             Commodities (P/S/T/Q) towards annual net
                                                       income in each EFS
                                                 EFS-II                    EFS-III
             - Agricultural crops
                - Irrigated
                - Paddy
                - Hybrid Maize                      S                         Q
                - Sun flower                        S                         Q
                - Cotton                            S                         Q
                - Rainfed
                - Ragi                              S                         Q
                - Groundnut                         -                         -
                - Redgram                           -                         -


             - Horticultural crops
                - Orchards                           -                         -
                - Vegetables                         -                         -
                - Tomato                             -                         -
                - Chilly                             -                         T
                - Brinjal                            -                         -
                - Onion                              -                         -
                - Floriculture                       -                         -
             - Animal Husbandry
                - Cows                              P                          P
                - Buffaloes                         P                          P
                - Sheep                             S                          S
                - Goat                              S                          S
                - Pigs                              S                          S
             Fisheries                              -                          -
             Sericulture                            -                          S
             Poultry                                -                          -
             Agriculture labour                     -                          -
             Duckeries                              -                          -
             Bee keeping                            -                          -
             Forestry                               -                          -

   P – Primary              S – Secondary         T – Tertiary         Q - Quaternary




                                                                                         113
                                        TABLE: 25D

CONTRIBUTION OF DIFFERENT ENTERPRISES TOWARDS ANNUAL INCOME
   UNDER EACH EXISTING FARMING SYSTEMS IN KOLAR DISTRICT

District: Kolar       Village: ACHEPALLY                    Agro-ecological situation: I
                                                                  Resource Situation: RP
  Sl.       Type of enterprises /             Contribution of different enterprises /
  No.          commodities                  Commodities (P/S/T/Q) towards annual net
                                                      income in each EFS
                                             EFS-I          EFS-II            EFS-III
            -     Agricultural crops
            -     Irrigated
            -     Paddy                        P                  S              -
            -     Hybrid Maize                 P                  S              -
            -     Sun flower                   P                  S              -
            -     Cotton                       P                  S              -
            -     Rainfed
            -     Ragi                         S                  -             Q
            -     Groundnut                    S                  -
            -     Redgram                      S                  -
            -     Hybrid Maize                 P                  -
            -     Horticultural crops
            -     Orchards
            -     Irrigated
            -     Dry                          -                  -              -
            -     Vegetables                   -                  -
            -     Tomato
            -     Chilly                       -                  -             T
            -     Brinjal                      -                  -
            -     Onion                        -                  -              -
            -     Beans                        -                  -
            -     Floriculture
            -     Animal Husbandry
            -     Cows                         -                  P             P
            -     Buffaloes                    -                  P             P
            -     Sheep                        -                  S             S
            -     Goat                         -                  S             S
            -     Pigs                         -                  S             S
         Fisheries                             -                  -             -
         Sericulture                           -                  -             S
         Poultry                               -                  -             -
         Agriculture labour                    -                  -             -
         Duckeries                             -                  -             -
         Bee keeping                           -                  -             -
         Forestry                              -                  -             -

 P – Primary          S – Secondary                T – Tertiary       Q - Quaternary

                                                                                       114
                                        TABLE: 25E
 CONTRIBUTION OF DIFFERENT ENTERPRISES TOWARDS ANNUAL INCOME
    UNDER EACH EXISTING FARMING SYSTEMS IN KOLAR DISTRICT

 District: Kolar          Village: Malamachanahally            Agro-ecological situation: III
                                                                     Resource Situation: RR
Sl.      Type of enterprises /         Contribution of different enterprises / Commodities
No.         commodities                 (P/S/T/Q) towards annual net income in each EFS
                                        EFS-I             EFS-II                EFS-III
         -    Agricultural crops

         -    Irrigated
         -    Ragi                        S

         -    Rainfed
         -    Ragi                        S                  S                     S
         -                                -                  -                     -
         -                                -                  -                     -
         -    Horticultural crops

         -    Orchards                    -                  -                     -
         -    Vegetables                  -                  -                     -
         -    Potato                      P                  -                     -
         -    Tomato                      P                  -                     -
         -    Grapes                      P                  -                     -
         -    Floriculture                -                  -                     -
         -    Animal Husbandry
         -    Cows                        -                  T                     P
         -    Buffaloes                   -                  -                     -
         -    Sheep                       -                  -                     -
         -    Goat                        -                  -                     -
         -    Pigs                        -                  -                     -
      Fisheries                           -                  -                     -
      Sericulture                         -                  P                     -
      Poultry                             -                  -                     -
      Agriculture labour                  -                  -                     -
      Duckeries                           -                  -                     -
      Bee keeping                         -                  -                     -
      Forestry                            -                  -                     T

P – Primary        S – Secondary              T – Tertiary       Q - Quaternary




                                                                                          115
                                    TABLE: 25F

 CONTRIBUTION OF DIFFERENT ENTERPRISES TOWARDS ANNUAL INCOME
    UNDER EACH EXISTING FARMING SYSTEMS IN KOLAR DISTRICT


 District: Kolar      Village: Malamachanahally           Agro-ecological situation: III
                                                               Resource Situation: RP
 Sl.       Type of enterprises /    Contribution of different enterprises / Commodities
 No.          commodities            (P/S/T/Q) towards annual net income in each EFS
                                       EFS-I            EFS-II              EFS-III
          -   Agricultural crops

          -   Irrigated
          -   Paddy                      P                S                   -
          -   Hybrid Maize               P                S                   -
          -   Sun flower                 P                S                   -
          -   Cotton                     P                S                   -
          -   Rainfed
          -   Ragi                       S                 -                  Q
          -   Groundnut                  S                 -
          -   Redgram                    S                 -
          -   Hybrid Maize               P                 -
          -   Horticultural crops

          -   Orchards                   -                 -                  -
          -   Vegetables                 -                 -                  -
          -
          -   Floriculture               -                 -                  T
          -   Animal Husbandry
          -   Cows                       -                T                   P
          -   Buffaloes                  -
          -   Sheep                      -
          -   Goat                       -
          -   Pigs                       -
       Fisheries                         -                -                   -
       Sericulture                       -                P                   -
       Poultry                           -                -                   -
       Agriculture labour                -                -                   -
       Duckeries                         -                -                   -
       Bee keeping                       -                -                   -
       Forestry                          -                -                   T

P – Primary        S – Secondary              T – Tertiary         Q - Quaternary




                                                                                     116
                                      TABLE: 27

  CONTRIBUTION OF DIFFERENT ENTERPRISES TOWARDS ANNUAL INCOME
   UNDER EACH IMPROVED FARMING SYSTEMSS (IFS) IN KOLAR DISTRICT

District: Kolar     Village: Malamachanahalli               Agro-ecological situation: III
                                                             Recommended by Research
Sl.      Type of enterprises /      Contribution of different enterprises/commodities
No.         commodities             (P/S/T/Q) towards annual net income in each IFS
                                          Resource Rich                  Research Poor
                                      IFS-I              IFS-II              IFS-II
         -   Agricultural crops

         -   Irrigated
         -   Ragi                       S
         -
         -   Rainfed
         -   Ragi                       S                  S                   S
         -
         -   Horticultural
             crops

         -   Orchards                   -                  -                   -
         -   Grapes

         -   Vegetables                 P                  -                   -
         -   Potato                     -                  -                   -
         -   Tomato
                                        -                  -                   -
         -   Floriculture
         -   Animal Husbandry
         -   Cows                       -                  T                   T
         -   Buffaloes                  -                  -                   -
         -   Sheep                      -                  -                   -
         -   Goat                       -                  -                   -
         -   Pigs                       -                  -                   -
      Fisheries                         -                  -                   -
      Sericulture                       -                  P                   P
      Poultry                           -                  -                   -
      Agriculture labour                -                  -                   -
      Duckeries                         -                  -                   -
      Bee keeping                       -                  -                   -
      Forestry                          -                  -                   -




                                                                                      117
                                  TABLE: 28A
      TREND ABOUT GROWTH OF EXISTING ENTERPRISE /COMMODITIES/
LIVESTOCK IN THE REPRESENTATIVE VILLAGE IN KOLAR DISTRICT

District: Kolar          Village: Thotli
Sl.   Name of enterprises/ commodities   Unit   Trend about No. units in the
No.   / livestock                               village
                                                2004      2000   1995   1990   1985
1.    Agriculture
      Irrigated crops
      Ragi                               Ha     12        12     14     18     20
      Paddy                              Ha     1         4      5      7      10
      Rainfed crops
      Ragi                               Ha     48        48     50     45     45
      Paddy                              Ha     2.5       4      5      7      8
      Groundnut                          Ha     0         3      5      6      8
      Maize                              Ha     0         3      5      6      7.5
      Minor millets                      Ha     0         2      2      3.5    4
2.    Horticulture
      Orchard                            Ha     30        24     11.5   5      2
      Vegetables                         Ha     10        6      4      2      2
      Flowers                            Ha     0         0      0      0      0
3.    Animal Husbandry
      Sheep                              No     800       1000   1275   1450   1500
      Goat                               No     40        90     175    350    460
      Buffalo                            No     50        120    150    170    200
      Cow-local                          No     25        35     40     60     70
      Cow-Cross breed                    No     370       270    150    40     15
      Pigs                               -      -         -      -      -      -
      Poultry                            -      -         -      -      -      -
4.    Fisheries                          -      -         -      -      -      -
                                                                                   118
5.   Duckeries                        -        -        -        -        -        -

6.   Sericulture                      ha       38       35.5     40       42       35
7.   Bee Keeping                      -        -        -        -        -        -
Cond. TABLE: 28A
8.   Produce from common/other
     land
     -Fuel wood                       T        3.5      5        5        6        7
     -Minor forest produce            T        1.0      2        4        5        6
9    Agriculture labourers            No.      50       60       70       80       100
10   Tapping of toddy trees                -        -        -        -        -       -
11   Non-farm enterprise                   -        -        -        -        -       -

     -Regular service                      -        -        -        -        -       -
     -Daily wage earning                   -        -        -        -        -       -
     -Transport of material through        -        -        -        -        -       -
     tractor / bullock cart
     -Mat making                           -        -        -        -        -       -
     -Rope making                          -        -        -        -        -       -
     -Wood carving                         -        -        -        -        -       -
     -Handloom etc.                        -        -        -        -        -       -




                                                                                       119
120
                                      TABLE: 28B
        TREND ABOUT GROWTH OF EXISTING ENTERPRISE /COMMODITIES/
LIVESTOCK IN THE REPRESENTATIVE VILLAGE IN KOLAR DISTRICT

District: Kolar              Village: Achepally
 Sl.          Name of enterprises/ commodities /       Unit       Trend about No. of Units in the
 No.                      livestock                                          Village
                                                                  2004   2000       1995    1990   1985
1.     AGRICULTURE
       Irrigated crops
       Hybrid Maize                                Ha         32.0       15.0   8.0         -      -
       Sunflower                                   Ha         3.0        8.0    16.0        -      -
       Rainfed crops only
       Ragi                                        Ha         80.0       65.0   50.0        40.0   40.0
       Hybrid maize                                Ha         32.0       25.0   -           -      -
       Groundnut                                   Ha         15.0       20.5   32.0        52.0   80.0
2.     HORTICULTURE
       Orchard                                     -          -          -      -           -      -

       Vegetables
       Tomato                                      Ha         1.0        3.0    4.0         -      -
       Brinjal                                     Ha         2.0        2.0    -
       Flowers                                     -          -          -      -           -      -
3.     ANIMAL HUSBANDRY
       Sheep                                       No         350        1500   3200        4500   -
       Goat                                        No         260        580    2900        3500   -
       Buffalo                                     No         -          -      -                  -
       Local                                       No         150        110    45          50     -
       Graded                                      No         -          -      -           -      -
       Cow
       Local                                       No         50         110    180         300    -
       Cross breed                                 No         175        140    70          10     -
       Pigs                                        No         30         -      -           -      -
       Poultry                                     No         -          -      -           -      -
       Commercial                                  No         -          -      -           -      -

                                                                                           121
     Back yard                        No   -     -      -       -      -
Contd… TABLE: 28B
4.   Fisheries                        -    -     -      -       -      -
5.   Duckeries                        -    -     -      -       -      -

6.   Sericulture                      ha   2.0   8.0    15.0    20.0   -
7.   Bee Keeping                      -    -     -      -       -      -
8.   Produce from common/other land
     -Fuel wood                       -    -     -      -       -      -
     -Minor forest produce            -    -     -      -       -      -
9    Agriculture labourer             No   30    40     42      58     -
10   Tapping of toddy trees           -    -     -      -       -      -
11   Non-farm enterprise
     -Regular service                 -    -     -      -       -      -
     -Daily wage earning              No   1     -      -       -      -
     -Transport of material through   -    -     -      -       -      -
     tractor / bullock cart           No   5/5   -/12   -/15    -/10   -
     -Mat making                      -    -     -      -       -      -
     -Rope making                     -    -     -      -       -      -
     -Wood carving                    No   1     3      10      13     -
     -Handloom etc.                   -    -     -      -       -      -




                                                               122
                                        TABLE: 28C
       TREND ABOUT GROWTH OF EXISTING ENTERPRISE /COMMODITIES/
       LIVESTOCK IN THE REPRESENTATIVE VILLAGE IN KOLAR DISTRICT
District: Kolar               Village: Malamachanahalli
 Sl.           Name of enterprises/ commodities /        Unit       Trend about No. of units in the
 No.                       livestock                                              village
                                                                    2004   2000       1995    1990   1985
1.      AGRICULTURE
        Irrigated crops + rainfed crops
        Ragi                                         Ha         30         40     40          50     60
        Rainfed crops only
        Ragi                                         Ha         60         200    240         260    304
2.      HORTICULTURE
        Orchard                                      -          -          -      -           -      -

        Vegetables
        Potato                                       Ha         3.0        8.0    10.0        12.0   15.0
        Tomato                                       Ha         8.0        6.0    5.0         -      -
        Flowers                                      -          -          -      -           -      -
3.      ANIMAL HUDBANDRY
        Sheep                                        No         200        500    400         450    1000
        Goat                                         No         100        80     60          80     110
        Buffalo                                      No         50         50     400         500    600
        Local                                        -          -          -      -           -      -
        Graded                                       -          -          -      -           -      -
        Cow
        Local                                        No         20         100    100         200    200
        Cross breed                                  No         800        700    600         300    250
        Pigs                                         -          -          -      -           -      -
        Poultry                                                 -          -      -           100    100
        Commercial                                   -          -          -      -           -      -
        Back yard                                    No         1000       1500   1600        1800   2000
                                                                                             123
      Giriraja                                 No    10    -     -      -     -
4.    Fisheries                                -     -     -     -      -     -
                                 Contd… TABLE: 28C
5.    Duckeries                                -     -     -     -      -     -
6.    Sericulture                              Ha    40    60    30     10    6
7.    Bee Keeping                              -     -     -     -      -     -
8.    Produce from common/other land
      -Fuel wood                               -     -     -     -      -     -
      -Minor forest produce                    -     -     -     -      -     -
      -Eucalyptus                              Ha    120   110   90     -     -
9.    Agriculture labour                       No    100   125   100    100   200
10.   Tapping of toddy trees                   -     -     -     -      -     -
11.   Non-farm enterprise
      -Regular service                         -     -     -     -      -     -
      -Daily wage earning                      -     -     -     -      -     -
      -Transport of material through           -     -     -     -      -     -
      Tractor / bullock cart                   -     -     -     -      -     -
      -Mat making                              -     -     -     -      -     -
      -Rope making                             -     -     -     -      -     -
      -Wood carving                            -     -     -     -      -     -
      -Handloom etc.                           -     -     -     -      -     -




                                                                       124
                                         TABLE: 30 A
ANALYSIS OF PROBLEMS WITH REGARD TO EXISTING FARMING SYSTEMS IN
                        KOLAR DISTRICT

District Kolar              Village Thotli          Agro-ecological situation: I
                                                    Resource poor
                                                    Name of the EFS=EFS-I
Sl. Type of           Combination Specific   No. of      Proposed Reasons             Proposed
No. enterprises/      of          problems affected      solution     for non         strategy
    commodities       enterprises with each persons(%)                adoption
                      in EFS      enterprise                          of
                      (P/S/T/Q)                                       proposed
                                                                      solution
     Agricultural     -           -          -           -            -               -
     crops
     Irrigated        -              -          -              -          -           -
     Rainfed          P              Inadequate 24%            Rain       Lack of     Training
                                     & erratic                 water      awareness   &
                                     rainfall                  harvesting             Exposure
                                                                                      visit
     Horticultural    -              -          -              -          -           -
     crops
     Orchards         -              -          -              -          -           -
     Vegetables       -              -          -              -          -           -
     Floriculture     -              -          -              -          -           -
     Animal           -              -          -              -          -           -
     husbandry
     Cows             -              -          -              -          -           -
     Buffaloes        -              -          -              -          -           -
     Sheep            -              -          -              -          -           -
     Goat             -              -          -              -          -           -
     Pigs             -              -          -              -          -           -
     Fisheries        -              -          -              -          -           -
     Sericulture      -              -          -              -          -           -
     Poultry          -              -          -              -          -           -
     Been keeping     -              -          -              -          -           -
     Duckeries        -              -          -              -          -           -
     Agriculture      -              -          -              -          -           -
     labour
     Any other        -              -          -              -          -           -


P – Primary          S – Secondary              T – Tertiary          Q - Quaternary



                                                                                          125
                                       TABLE: 30 B
ANALYSIS OF PROBLEMS WITH REGARD TO EXISTING FARMING SYSTEMS IN
                        KOLAR DISTRICT

District Kolar            Village Thotli               Agro-ecological situation: I
                                                       Resource Rich
                                                       Name of the EFS=EFS-II
Sl. Type of          Combination   Specific     No. of   Proposed Reasons         Proposed
No. enterprises/     of            problems     affected solution    for non      strategy
    commodities      enterprises   with each    persons              adoption
                     in EFS        enterprise   (%)                  of
                     (P/S/T/Q)                                       proposed
                                                                     solution
     Agricultural    -             -            -        -           -            -
     crops
     Irrigated           S         Inadequate 16%        Improved      Lack of   Training and
                                   water                 method of     awareness demonstration
                                   availability          paddy
                                                         cultivation
                                                         SRI
                                                         method
     Rainfed         -             -            -        -             -           -
     Horticultural   -             -            -        -             -           -
     crops
     Orchards        -             -            -        -             -           -
     Vegetables      -             -            -        -             -           -
     Floriculture    -             -            -        -             -           -
     Animal          -             -            -        -             -           -
     husbandry
     - Cows
     - Buffaloes
     - Sheep
     - Goat
     - Pigs
     Fisheries       -             -            -        -             -           -
     Sericulture     P             Lack of      25%      Drip          Lack of     Training,
                                   availability          irrigation    awareness   Demonstration,
                                   of water                            &           financial
                                                                       Financial   assistance
                                                                       problem     through banks
     Poultry         -             -            -        -             -           -
     Been keeping    -             -            -        -             -           -
     Duckeries       -             -            -        -             -           -
     Agriculture     -             -            -        -             -           -
     labour
     Any other       -             -            -        -             -           -

                                                                                       126
P – Primary          S – Secondary                   T – Tertiary        Q - Quaternary

                                         TABLE: 30C
ANALYSIS OF PROBLEMS WITH REGARD TO EXISTING FARMING SYSTEMS IN
                        KOLAR DISTRICT

 District Kolar                     Village Thotli                Agro-ecological situation: I
                                                                  Resource poor
                                                                  Name of the EFS=EFS-II
Sl. Type of           Combination    Specific        No. of   Proposed Reasons        Proposed
No. enterprises/      of             problems        affected solution   for non      strategy
    commodities       enterprises    with each       persons             adoption
                      in EFS         enterprise      (%)                 of
                      (P/S/T/Q)                                          proposed
                                                                         solution
     Agricultural     -
     crops
     Irrigated        -              -               -        -           -           -
     Rainfed          -              -               -        -           -           -
     Horticultural    -              -               -        -           -           -
     crops
     Orchards         -              -               -        -           -           -
     Vegetables       -              -               -        -           -           -
     Floriculture     -              -               -        -           -           -
     Animal
     husbandry
     - Cows           -              -               -        -           -           -
     - Buffaloes
     - Sheep
     - Goat
     - Pigs
     Fisheries        -              -            -           -           -           -
     Sericulture      P              Lack of      25%         Improved Lack of        Training,
                                     availability             cultivation awareness   Demonstration,
                                     of water                 rearing                 financial
                                                              practices               assistance
                                                                                      through banks
     Poultry          -              -               -        -           -           -
     Been keeping     -              -               -        -           -           -
     Duckeries        -              -               -        -           -           -
     Agriculture      -              -               -        -           -           -
     labour
     Any other        -              -               -        -           -           -


P – Primary          S – Secondary                   T – Tertiary        Q - Quaternary


                                                                                          127
                                        TABLE: 30 D
ANALYSIS OF PROBLEMS WITH REGARD TO EXISTING FARMING SYSTEMS IN
                        KOLAR DISTRICT

District Kolar               Village Thotli               Agro-ecological situation: I
                                                          Resource Rich
                                                          Name of the EFS=EFS-III
Sl. Type of      Combination Specific              No. of    Proposed      Reasons     Proposed
No. enterprises/ of          problems              affected solution       for non     strategy
    commodities enterprises  with each             persons                 adoption
                 in EFS      enterprise            (%)                     of
                 (P/S/T/Q)                                                 proposed
                                                                           solution
     Agricultural    -              -              -         -             -           -
     crops
     Irrigated           T          Inadequate     16%      Improved      Lack of   Training &
                                    water                   method of     awareness Demonstration
                                    availability            paddy
                                                            cultivation
     Rainfed         -              -              -        -             -           -
     Horticultural       S          Disease        10%      IPM           Lack of     Training &
     crops                          Management              technology    awareness   Demonstration
     Orchards        -              -              -        -             -           -
     Vegetables          S          Marketing               Market
                                    problem                 information
     Floriculture    -              -              -        -             -           -
     Animal          -              -              -        -             -           -
     husbandry
     - Cows
     - Buffaloes
     - Sheep
     - Goat
     - Pigs
     Fisheries       -              -              -        -             -         -
     Sericulture     P              Lack of        25%      Drip          Lack of   Training
                                    availability            irrigation    awareness assistance
                                    of water                                        through banks
     Poultry         -              -              -        -             -         -
     Been            -              -              -        -             -         -
     keeping
     Duckeries       -              -              -        -             -           -
     Agriculture     -              -              -        -             -           -
     labour
     Any other       -              -              -        -             -           -




                                                                                          128
P – Primary           S – Secondary                  T – Tertiary          Q - Quaternary


                                          TABLE: 30E

 ANALYSIS OF PROBLEMS WITH REGARD TO EXISTING FARMING
               SYSTEMS IN KOLAR DISTRICT
District Kolar                 Village Thotli               Agro-ecological situation: I
                                                            RR, Name of the EFS=EFS-IV
Sl. Type of      Combination Specific                No. of    Proposed       Reasons    Proposed
No. enterprises/ of          problems                affected solution        for non    strategy
    commodities enterprises  with each               persons                  adoption
                 in EFS      enterprise              (%)                      of
                 (P/S/T/Q)                                                    proposed
                                                                              solution
     -
     Agricultural
     crops                 Q          Lack of        16%      SRI method      Lack of   Training and
     - Irrigated                      water                   of paddy        awareness method
                                      availablity             cultivation               demonstration

     - Rainfed
     Horticultural                    Disease                 Management      Lack of   Training and
     crops                 T          management 10%          of Pest &       awareness method
     - Orchards                       Marketing               diseases by               demonstration
     - Vegetables                     problem                 IPM
     - Floriculture                                           technology
                                                              obtaining
                                                              market
                                                              information
     Animal                S          Breeding                Maintaining     Lack of   Training and
     husbandry                        problem,                hygiene in      awareness publicity
     - Cows                           availability            cattle herds              through mass
     - Buffaloes                      of fodder               proper use                media
     - Sheep                          availability   18%      of A1
     - Goat                           of                      techniques
     - Pigs                           technically
                                      skilled
                                      persons
     Fisheries        -               -              -        -               -           -
     Sericulture           P          Lack of        25%      Drip            Financial
                                      availability            irrigation      problem     Financial
                                      of water                                            assistance
                                                                                          through banks
     Poultry          -               -              -        -               -           -
     Been             -               -              -        -               -           -
     keeping
     Duckeries        -               -              -        -               -           -
     Agriculture      -               -              -        -               -           -
     labour
                                                                                              129
     Any other       -               -              -         -                  -           -

P – Primary          S – Secondary                  T – Tertiary           Q - Quaternary

                                         TABLE: 30 F
ANALYSIS OF PROBLEMS WITH REGARD TO EXISTING FARMING SYSTEMS IN KOLAR
                              DISTRICT
District Kolar                Village Thotli               Agro-ecological situation: I
                                                           Resource poor
                                                           Name of the EFS = EFS - IV
Sl. Type of      Combination Specific               No. of    Proposed     Reasons      Proposed
No. enterprises/ of          problems               affected solution      for non      strategy
    commodities enterprises  with each              persons                adoption
                 in EFS      enterprise             (%)                    of
                 (P/S/T/Q)                                                 proposed
                                                                           solution
     -
     Agricultural
     crops
     - Irrigated          Q          Problem due 24%          Mixed          Lack of   Training and
     - Rainfed                       to erratic               cropping       awareness method
                                     distribution                                      demonstration
                                     of rainfall
     Horticultural
     crops                                                                             Training and
     - Orchards                                                                        method
     - Vegetables         S          Disease    10%           IPM            Lack of   demonstration
                                     management               technology     awareness and providing
                                     &                        & market                 market
                                     Marketing                awareness                opportunities
                                     problem
     - Floriculture
     Animal                                                   Enrichment               Training and
     husbandry            T          Lack of                  of dry         Lack of   method
     - Cows                          availability             fodder         awareness demonstration
     - Buffaloes                     of fodder &    18%       prodn. of
     - Sheep                         concentrates             green
     - Goat                                                   fodder
     - Pigs                                                   storage
     Fisheries      -                -              -         -              -           -
     Sericulture                     Availability   25%       Drip           Lack of     Financial
                          P          of mulberry              irrigation     Financial   assistance
                                     leaf                                                through banks
     Poultry         -               -              -         -              -           -
     Been            -               -              -         -              -           -
     keeping
     Duckeries       -               -              -         -              -           -
     Agriculture     -               -              -         -              -           -
     labour
                                                                                                 130
     Any other        -               -               -         -              -         -

P – Primary           S – Secondary                  T – Tertiary            Q - Quaternary

                      TABLE: 30G
 ANALYSIS OF PROBLEMS WITH REGARD TO EXISTING FARMING
               SYSTEMS IN KOLAR DISTRICT
District Kolar                 Village Thotli                Agro-ecological situation: I
                                                             Resource Rich
                                                             Name of the EFS=EFS-V
Sl. Type of      Combination Specific                No. of   Proposed     Reasons        Proposed
No. enterprises/ of          problems                affected solution     for non        strategy
    commodities enterprises  with each               persons               adoption
                 in EFS      enterprise              (%)                   of
                 (P/S/T/Q)                                                 proposed
                                                                           solution
     -
     Agricultural
     crops                 Q          Low yield      40%       Improved    Lack of   Training and
     - Irrigated                                               varieties & knowledge visits
                                                               mixed
                                                               cropping
     - Rainfed
     Horticultural
     crops
     - Orchards
     - Vegetables
     - Floriculture
     Animal                           Lack of                  Enrichment    Lack of     Training
     husbandry             S          availability             of dry        knowledge   Demonstration
     - Cows                           of fodder                fodder        &           and visit
     - Buffaloes                                               production    awareness   Exposure visit
     - Sheep                                         18%       & storage
     - Goat                                                    technique
     - Pigs
     Fisheries             -               -          -              -            -             -
     Sericulture                      Lack of      20%         Drip          Financial   Financial
                           P          availability             irrigation    problem     assistance
                                      of water                                           through banks
     Poultry               -               -          -             -              -            -
     Been                  -               -          -             -              -            -
     keeping
     Duckeries             -               -              -         -              -            -
     Agriculture           -               -              -         -              -            -
     labour
     Any other             T               -              -    Cashew        Lack of   Training on
     forestry                                                  cultivation   labour    economic
                                                                             knowledge returns

                                                                                              131
 P – Primary            S – Secondary             T – Tertiary            Q - Quaternary




                                       TABLE: 30 H

 ANALYSIS OF PROBLEMS WITH REGARD TO EXISTING FARMING
               SYSTEMS IN KOLAR DISTRICT

District Kolar              Village Thotli               Agro-ecological situation: I
                                                         Resource poor
                                                         Name of the EFS=EFS-V
Sl. Type of      Combination Specific             No. of    Proposed       Reasons      Proposed
No. enterprises/ of          problems             affected solution        for non      strategy
    commodities enterprises  with each            persons                  adoption
                 in EFS      enterprise           (%)                      of
                 (P/S/T/Q)                                                 proposed
                                                                           solution
     -              -              -              -         -              -            -
     Agricultural
     crops
     - Irrigated
     - Rainfed
     Horticultural                                          Rejuvenation Lack of        Training and
     crops              Q          Poor        10%          of orchards  skilled        method
     - Orchards                    maintenance              by grafting  persons        demonstration
     - Vegetables                  of orchards
     - Floriculture
     Animal                        Lack of                  Breed            Lack of   Supply of
     husbandry          S          breed up                 provision,       awareness ramps
     - Cows                        gradation                increase in                through
     - Buffaloes                   lack of                  the area of                department
     - Sheep                       grazing        18%       grazing
     - Goat                        lands                    lands
     - Pigs
     Fisheries          -               -            -             -              -            -
     Sericulture                   Availability   25%       Drip             Lack of    Financial
                        P          of mulberry              irrigation       finance    assistance
                                   leaf                                                 through banks
     Poultry        -              -              -         -                -          -
     Been           -              -              -         -                -          -
     keeping
     Duckeries      -              -              -         -                -          -
     Agriculture    -              -              -         -                -          -
     labour
     Forestry                                               Cashew           Lack of   Training
                        T                -            -     cultivation      awareness

                                                                                            132
P – Primary       S – Secondary                T – Tertiary         Q - Quaternary




                                    TABLE: 30 I
ANALYSIS OF PROBLEMS WITH REGARD TO EXISTING FARMING SYSTEMS IN
                                    KOLAR DISTRICT
District Kolar               Village Thotli                  Agro-ecological situation: II
                                                                    Resource poor
                                                                  Name of the EFS=EFS-I
Sl. Type of          Combination Specific         No. of   Proposed      Reasons Proposed
No. enterprises/ of                  problems     affected solution      for non     strategy
      commodities enterprises        with each    persons                adoption
                     in EFS          enterprise (%)                      of
                     (P/S/T/Q)                                           proposed
                                                                         solution
      -
      Agricultural
           crops
      - Irrigated
      - Paddy
      - Hybrid
      Maize
      - Sunflower
      - Cotton
      - Rainfed            S         Uncertainty 100 %     Soil & water Small        Training &
      -Ragi                S         of rainfall,          conservation holdings, demonstration
      -Groundnut           S         financial             mixed &       Financial
      -Red gram            S         problem               cropping      problem
      -Hy. maize
      Horticultural
      crops          -               -            -        -             -           -
      - Orchards
      - Vegetables
      - Floriculture
      Animal
      husbandry
      - Cows         -               -            -        -             -           -
      - Buffaloes
      - Sheep
      - Goat
      - Pigs
      Fisheries      -               -            -        -             -           -
      Sericulture    -               -            -        -             -           -
      Poultry        -               -            -        -             -           -
      Been           -               -            -        -             -           -
      keeping
                                                                                     133
     Duckeries       -               -             -       -               -           -
     Agriculture     -               -             -       -               -           -
     labour

P – Primary          S – Secondary                 T – Tertiary          Q - Quaternary



                                         TABLE: 30 J

 ANALYSIS OF PROBLEMS WITH REGARD TO EXISTING FARMING
               SYSTEMS IN KOLAR DISTRICT
District Kolar                Village: Achepally                  Agro-ecological situation: I
                                                                  RR: Name of the
EFS=EFS-II
Sl. Type of      Combination Specific              No. of   Proposed            Reasons      Proposed
No. enterprises/ of          problems              affected solution            for non      strategy
    commodities enterprises  with each             persons                      adoption
                 in EFS      enterprise            (%)                          of
                 (P/S/T/Q)                                                      proposed
                                                                                solution
     -Agricultural
     crops
     - Irrigated
     -Paddy               S          Marketing             Recommendation Small              Demonstration
     -Hy. Maize           S          & low                 of crops system Holding
     -Sunflower           S          irrigation    100%
     -Cotton              S          facility
     - Rainfed                                                                               Training, use
     -Groundnut           S          Uncertainly 100%      Water & soil         Finance      of seed cum
     -Red gram            S          of rainfall           conservation, use                 fertilizer drill
     -Hy. maize           S                                of seed cum
                                                           fertilizer drill
     Horticultural -                 -             -       -                    -            -
     crops
     - Orchards
     - Vegetables
     - Floriculture
     Animal
     husbandry                                             Training             Lack of   Health camps
     - Cows               P          Disease out   100%    exposure             awareness and awareness
     - Buffaloes          P          breaks,       60%                                    programmes
     - Sheep              S          infertility   25%
     - Goat               S          &             20%
     - Pigs                          inbreeding
     Fisheries      -                -             -       -                    -            -
     Sericulture                     Disease out   30%     Training             Lack of      Extension
                          Q          breaks                                     awareness    programme
     Poultry         -               -             -       -                    -            -

                                                                                            134
     Been          -              -             -           -                    -          -
     keeping
     Duckeries     -              -             -           -                    -          -
     Agriculture   -              -             -           -                    -          -
     labour
     Any other     -              -             -           -                    -          -




                                      TABLE: 30 K

ANALYSIS OF PROBLEMS WITH REGARD TO EXISTING FARMING
SYSTEMS IN KOLAR DISTRICT
District Kolar             Village Achepally                     Agro-ecological situation: II
                                                                 Resource poor
                                                                 Name of the EFS=EFS-II
Sl. Type of      Combination Specific               No. of   Proposed      Reasons      Proposed
No. enterprises/ of          problems               affected solution      for non      strategy
    commodities enterprises  with each              persons                adoption
                 in EFS      enterprise             (%)                    of
                 (P/S/T/Q)                                                 proposed
                                                                           solution
     -
     Agricultural
     crops
     - Irrigated
     - Rainfed         S          Uncertain &                   Soil & water Small       Training,
     - Ragi            S          erratic           100%        management holding       demonstration
     - Groundut        S          rainfall                                   Financial   & financial
     - Redgram         S                                                     problem     assistance
     - Maize                                                                             through banks
     Horticultural -              -                 -           -            -           -
     crops
     - Orchards
     - Vegetables
     - Floriculture
     Animal
     husbandry                    Disease out
     - Cows            P          break &           90%         Training &   Lack of   Demonstration,
     - Buffaloes       P          infertility       80%         exposure     awareness health camps
     - Sheep           S          Inbreeding        10%                                & extension
     - Goat            S                            20%                                programme
     - Pigs            S          Poor              5%
                                  management
     Fisheries         -               -                -            -           -            -
     Sericulture                                                             Lack of   Training &
                       Q          Disease out       50%         Training     awareness awareness
                                  breaks                                               camps
     Poultry       -              -                 -           -            -         -

                                                                                           135
     Bee keeping    -            -                 -           -          -         -
     Duckeries      -            -                 -           -          -         -
     Agriculture    -            -                 -           -          -         -
     labour
     Any other      -            -                 -           -          -         -


                                     TABLE: 30 L

 ANALYSIS OF PROBLEMS WITH REGARD TO EXISTING FARMING
               SYSTEMS IN KOLAR DISTRICT
District Kolar            Village Achepally            Agro-ecological situation: II
                                                       Resource Rich
                                                       Name of the EFS=EFS-II
Sl. Type of         Combination Specific   No. of Proposed       Reasons      Proposed
No. enterprises/    of          problems affected solution       for non      strategy
    commodities     enterprises with each persons                adoption
                    in EFS      enterprise (%)                   of
                    (P/S/T/Q)                                    proposed
                                                                 solution
     -
     Agricultural
     crops
                                                           Adoption of
     - Irrigated
                         Q       Marketing     100%        recommended Small        Demonstration
     - Paddy
                         Q       & finance                 cropping    holdings
     - hy. Maize
                         Q                                 system
     - Sunflower
                         Q
     - Castor
                         -       -             -                          -         -
     - Rainfed
                                                           -
     Horticultural
     crops
     - Orchards
     - Vegetables
     -Tomato             T       -             -           -              -         -
     -Chillies           T       -             -           -              -         -
     -Brinjal            T       -             -           -              -         -
     -Beans              T       -             -           -              -         -
     - Floriculture              -             -           -              -         -
     Animal
     husbandry
     - Cows              P       Disease                   Exposure and   Lack of   Health camps
     - Buffaloes         P       out breaks    100%        training       awareness and awareness
     - Sheep             S       &                                                  camps
     - Goat              S       infertility
     - Pigs              S
     Fisheries           -             -               -           -          -               -
     Sericulture         S
     Poultry        -            -             -           -              -         -
     Been keeping -              -             -           -              -         -
                                                                                        136
     Duckeries         -              -            -           -                 -            -
     Agriculture       -              -            -           -                 -            -
     labour
     Any other         -              -            -           -                 -            -
P – Primary           S – Secondary                T – Tertiary               Q - Quaternary

                                          TABLE: 30 M


 ANALYSIS OF PROBLEMS WITH REGARD TO EXISTING FARMING
               SYSTEMS IN KOLAR DISTRICT
District Kolar         Village: Malamachanahalli              Agro-ecological situation: III
                                                                    Resource Rich
                                                                    Name of the EFS=EFS-I
Sl. Type of       Combina- Specific                    No. of    Proposed      Reasons for   Proposed
No. enterprises/ tion of    problems with              affected solution       non adoption strategy
    commodities enterprise each                        persons                 of proposed
                  s in EFS  enterprise                 (%)                     solution
                  (P/S/T/Q)
    -Agricultural           Use of micro                                                          Supply of
    crops                   nutrients                                                             Inputs at
    - Irrigated        S                                           Demonstra                      subsidised
    - Ragi                  Transplanting              100%        tion                           rates
    - Rainfed               of 20 days old                                      Lack of           Supply of
    - Ragi             S    seedlings                                           awareness &       seed drill &
                            Drill sowing                                        Lack of           multi furrow
                            Lack of use of             80%                      training          opener at
                            micro nutrients                                                       subsidised
                                                                                                  rates
     Horticultur
     al crops
     - Orchards                  lack of
     - Vegetables                adoption of           90%         Demonstra    High cropping Crop
     -Potato               P     Crop rotation                     tion         Intensity     rotation
     -Tomato               P     Crop rotation         90%
                                                                   Demonstra                      Crop
     - Floriculture                                                tion                           rotation
     -Animal                     Disease out        80%            Training        Lack of        Training &
     husbandry                   break, infertility                exposure      awareness &      health
     - Cows                S     poor                                               skill         camps
     - Buffaloes                 Management,        100%           Training          -“-          -“-
                                 lack of
                                 identification of                                   -“-          Training &
                                 heat infertility,                 Demonstra                      Exposure
     - Sheep                     Inbreeding         100%           -tion &
     - Goat                      wool shearing ,                   exposure          -“-
     - Pigs                      Inbreeding                        visits                         -“-
                                                    100%

                                                                                                  137
    Fisheries         -            -          -           -               -            -
    Sericulture       P     Disease        70%      Training &     Lack of       Training &
                      Q     management &            demonstra-     awareness &   demonstrati
                            water          90%      tion           Lack of       on
                            management              adoption of    finance       financial
                                                    Drip                         assistances
                                                    irrigation

                                    Contd….. M
    Poultry       Q         Ranikhet         100%   Presentation    Lack of      Training
                            disease out                             awareness
                            break
    Bee keeping   -         -                -      -               -            -
    Duckeries     -         -                -      -               -            -
    Agriculture   -         -                -      -               -            -
    labour
    Any other     -         -              -        -               -            -

P – Primary       S – Secondary            T – Tertiary       Q - Quaternary




                                                                                 138
                                      TABLE: 30 N

 ANALYSIS OF PROBLEMS WITH REGARD TO EXISTING FARMING
               SYSTEMS IN KOLAR DISTRICT
District Kolar       Village: Malamachanahalli           Agro-ecological situation: III
                                                               Resource Rich
                                                               Name of the EFS=EFS-I
Sl. Type of      Combination Specific              No. of   Proposed         Reasons    Proposed
No. enterprises/ of          problems              affected solution         for non    strategy
    commodities enterprises  with each             persons                   adoption
                 in EFS      enterprise            (%)                       of
                 (P/S/T/Q)                                                   proposed
                                                                             solution
     -Agricultural
     crops
     - Irrigated
     - Ragi              -        -                -
     - Rainfed           S        Broadcast        90%      Demonstration Non             Supply of
     - Ragi                       method of                 of Drill      availability    seed drills at
                                  sowing                    sowing        of seed         subsidized
                                                                          drills          rates
     Horticultural -              -                -        -             -               -
     crops
     - Orchards
     - Vegetables
     - Floriculture
     Animal                       Disease out      80%      Training         Lack of      Taining &
     husbandry                    break, poor               exposure        awareness     conducting
     - Cows              P        management                                 & skill      health camps
     - Buffaloes                  lack of          100%     Training          Local
                                  Identification                            awareness     -“-
                                  of heat,
                                  infertility               Demonstration    Lack of
     - Sheep                      Inbreeding       100%     & exposure      awareness
     - Goat                       wool                                                    Training
     - Pigs                       shearing                                     -“-
                                  Inbreeding       100%                                   -“-
     Fisheries           -               -            -            -             -                -
     Sericulture         P        Disease          30%      Training &      Lack of       Link to credit
                         Q        management                demonstration   awareness     financial
                                                                            Finance       institutions &
                                                                                         139
                                                                                             demonstration
      Poultry        Q                  Ranikhet       100%     Preventative    Lack of      Training
                                        disease out             vaccination     awareness
                                        break
      Bee keeping    -                  -              -        -               -            -
      Duckeries      -                  -              -        -               -            -
      Agriculture    -                  -              -        -               -            -
      labour
      Any other      -                  -              -        -               -            -
                                            TABLE: 31

TYPE OF CHANGING SCENARIO IN RURAL AREAS THAT IS HAVING
A BEARING ON EXISTING FARMING SYSTEMS IN KOLAR DISTRICT

Name of Villages: Thotli, Achepally & Malamachanahalli                    District: Kolar
Type of Agro-ecological situation: AES – I, II, III

Sl.   Type of changing                                 Type of agro-ecological situation
No.   scenario                              Effect of each scenario on Farming systems (H/M/L)
                                                AES- I             AES-II         AES-III
1     Migration of people to urban                M                   L                  L
      areas
2     Lack of animal draft power                 M                  H                M
3     Increase in farm machinery                 H                  H                L
4     Shortage of labour                         H                  H                H
5     Reduction in availability of               H                  H                H
      fodder
6     Increase in number of                      M                  H                 H
      unemployed rural youth
7     Increase in level of education              H                 H                 H
8     Reduction in availability of                H                 H                 H
      irrigation water
9     Increase in rural indebtedness             M                  H                H
10    Better transport facilities                M                  H                M
11    Milk collection centers / route            M                  H                L
12    Marketing facilities at the                M                  M                H
      village level
13    Slackness towards agriculture               H                 H                 H
14    Low relative profitability from             H                 M                 H
      farming
15    Absentee land lordism                      M                  H                 L
16    Selling land to others                     M                  L                 L
17    Purchasing land from others                M                  L                 L
18    Etc.




                                                                                            140
H – High      M- Medium L – Low




                                     TABLE: 32

TYPE OF NEW MARKET OPPORTUNITIES IN URBAN / RURAL AREAS
     WHICH ARE HAVING BEARING ON FARMING SYSTEMS

Name of Villages: Thotli, Achepally & Malamachanahalli           District: Kolar
Type of Agro-ecological situation: AES – I, II, III

Sl.   Type Of New Market                     Type of agro-ecological situation
No.   Opportunities                   Effect of each opportunity on Farming systems
                                                         (H/M/L)
                                       AES- I             AES-II        AES-III
1     Vegetables                          H                 H                  H
2     Fruit                               H                  -                 H
3     Mulberry silk                       H                 H                  H
4     Oilseeds                            H                 H                  H
5     Pulses                              M                 H                  -
6     Mushroom                            L                  -                 -
7     Flowers                             M                  -                 -
8     Meat (goat/sheep)                   H                 H                  L
9     Export of seeds                     L                  -                 L
10    Export of organic products          L                  -                 -
11    Basmati rice                        L                  -                 -
12    Honey                               L                  -                 -
13    Handicraft                          M                  -                 -
14    Milk (Value addition)               H                 H                  H


H – High      M- Medium L - Low




                                                                                   141
                                     TABLE: 33 A

DIVERSIFICATION AND INTENSIFICATION OF FARMING SYSTEMSS
District: Kolar                    Village: Thotli             Agro-ecological situation: I
                                                                Resource Rich
                                                                Existing farming systems: I
Sl.   Types of         Contribution of different enterprises /              Intervention
No.   enterprises /    commodities in terms of net income                   (Diversification /
      commodities      EFS         Proposed                    Mutually     intensification)
                                                               agreed
                                                               upon
                       OP –I       OP - II       OP - III      OP-IV
      -Agricultural
      crops                                                                 Intensification of
      - Irrigated      Sunflower                 -            Sunflower     cultivated crops by
                       + Maize                                + Maize       practicing improved
                                                 -            Groundnut     production practices
      - Rainfed        Groundnut                              + Pulses
                       + Pulses
      Horticultural    -
      crops
      - Orchards
      - Vegetables

      - Floriculture   -
      Animal
      husbandry
      - Cows           -                                      Two Cows      Diversification by
      - Buffaloes                                                           introducing two
                                                                            cows or by one unit
      - Sheep          -                                                    of Goat
      - Goat                                                  One unit of
      - Pigs           -                                      Goat
      Fisheries             -            -            -            -                 -
      Sericulture           -            -            -            -                 -
                                                                                         142
Poultry       -   -   -   -   -
Bee keeping   -   -   -   -   -
Duckeries     -   -   -   -   -
Agriculture   -   -   -   -   -
labour
Any other     -   -   -   -   -




                                  143
                                     TABLE: 33 B

DIVERSIFICATION AND INTENSIFICATION OF FARMING SYSTEMSS
District: Kolar                   Village: Thotli              Agro-ecological situation: I
                                                                Resource Poor
                                                                Existing farming systems: I
Sl.   Types of         Contribution of different enterprises /              Intervention
No.   enterprises /    commodities in terms of net income                   (Diversification/
      commodities      EFS       Proposed                      Mutually     intensification)
                                                               agreed
                                                               upon
                       OP –I     OP - II         OP - III      OP-IV
      -Agricultural                                                         Crop
      crops                                                                 diversification
      - Irrigated                                                           by introducing
                                                                            pulse crop as
      - Rainfed        Ragi      Ragi            -             Ragi+Pulses mixed crop
      -                                                                     (10:2)

      Horticultural
      crops
      - Orchards
      - Vegetables

      - Floriculture
      Animal
      husbandry
      - Cows                                                                Diversification
      - Buffaloes                                                           of an enterprise
      - Sheep                     1 unit of                   1 unit of     by introducing
      - Goat                      sheep(10+1)                 sheep         unit of sheep
      - Pigs                                                  (10+1)        (10+1)
      Fisheries            -            -             -             -               -
      Sericulture          -            -             -             -               -
      Poultry              -            -             -             -               -
      Bee keeping          -            -             -             -               -
      Duckeries            -            -             -             -               -
      Agriculture          -            -             -             -               -
      labour
      Any other            -            -             -             -               -




                                                                                         144
                                       TABLE: 33 C

DIVERSIFICATION AND INTENSIFICATION OF FARMING SYSTEMSS
District: Kolar                      Village: Thotli           Agro-ecological situation: I
                                                                Resource Rich
                                                               Existing farming systems: II
Sl.   Types of         Contribution of different enterprises /              Intervention
No.   enterprises /    commodities in terms of net income                   (Diversification
      commodities      EFS         Proposed                    Mutually     /
                                                               agreed       intensification)
                                                               upon
                       OP –I       OP - II       OP - III      OP-IV
      -Agricultural
      crops                                                                 Introduction of
      - Irrigated                                                           Mixed cropping
                                                              Ragi +        by taking a
      - Rainfed        Ragi                                   Pulses        pulse crop
      Horticultural
      crops
      - Orchards
      - Vegetables
      - Floriculture
      Animal
      husbandry
      - Cows           Two Cows                               Two Cows
      - Buffaloes
      - Sheep
      - Goat
      - Pigs
      Fisheries        -              -            -          -             -
      Sericulture      Only                                   Mulberry +    Introducing
                       mulberry                               cocoon        cocoon
                       cultivation                            production    production as
                       M- 5                                                 Mulberry is
                       V-I                                                  already
                                                                            cultivated
      Poultry                 -            -           -           -                -
      Bee keeping             -            -           -           -                -
      Duckeries               -            -           -           -                -
      Agriculture             -            -           -           -                -
      labour
      Any other               -            -           -           -               -




                                                                                        145
                                      TABLE: 33 D

DIVERSIFICATION AND INTENSIFICATION OF FARMING SYSTEMSS
District: Kolar                   Village: Thotli                Agro-ecological situation: I
                                                                  Resource Poor
                                                          Existing farming systems: II
Sl.   Types of         Contribution of different enterprises /             Intervention
No.   enterprises /    commodities in terms of net income                  (Diversification
      commodities      EFS        Proposed                    Mutually     /
                                                              agreed       intensification)
                                                              upon
                       OP –I      OP - II      OP - III       OP-IV
      -Agricultural
      crops                                                                   Pulses grown as
      - Irrigated                                                             mixed crop in
      - Rainfed        Ragi       -            -             Ragi+Pulses      (10:2)
      Horticultural
      crops
      - Orchards
      - Vegetables     -          -            -             -                -
      - Floriculture
      Animal
      husbandry
      - Cows
      - Buffaloes
      - Sheep          -          Sheep        -             Sheep            Divesfrication
      - Goat                                                                  to get assured
      - Pigs
      Fisheries        -          -            -             -                -
      Sericulture M5   -          Bivoltine    -             Bivoltine        Intensification
                                  rearing                                     sheet rearing
      Poultry              -            -           -                -                -
      Bee keeping          -            -           -                -                -
      Duckeries            -            -           -                -                -
      Agriculture          -            -           -                -                -
      labour
      Any other            -           -            -                -                -




                                                                                           146
                                          TABLE: 33 E

DIVERSIFICATION AND INTENSIFICATION OF FARMING SYSTEMSS
District: Kolar                      Village: Thotli           Agro-ecological situation: I
                                                               Resource Rich
                                                         Existing farming systems: III
Sl.   Types of          Contribution of different enterprises /             Intervention
No.   enterprises /     commodities in terms of net income                  (Diversification
      commodities       EFS         Proposed                    Mutually    /
                                                                agreed      intensification)
                                                                upon
                        OP –I       OP - II        OP - III     OP-IV
      -Agricultural
      crops                                                                        Diversification
      - Irrigated                                                    Ragi +        pulses mixed
      - Rainfed         Ragi          -                -             pulses        crop in (10:2)
      Horticultural                                                                Other vegetable
      crops                                                                        diversification
      - Orchards                                                                   to get source
      - Vegetables      Tomato        Tomato                                       market
                        & cole        + cole           -             cole crops
      - Floriculture    crops         crops
      Animal
      husbandry
      - Cows
      - Buffaloes
      - Sheep           -             Sheep            -             Sheep         Diversification
      - Goat
      - Pigs
      Fisheries         -             -                -             -             -
      Sericulture M-5   Cocoon        Cocoon           -             Cocoon        Intensification
                  V-1   production    production                     production    shoot rearing
      Poultry                -             -               -              -                -
      Bee keeping            -             -               -              -                -
      Duckeries              -             -               -              -                -
      Agriculture            -             -               -              -                -
      labour
      Any other                -            -              -              -                -




                                                                                                147
                                     TABLE: 33 F

DIVERSIFICATION AND INTENSIFICATION OF FARMING SYSTEMSS
District: Kolar                    Village: Thotli        Agro-ecological situation: I
                                                          Resource Poor
                                                         Existing farming systems: III
Sl.   Types of          Contribution of different enterprises /             Intervention
No.   enterprises /     commodities in terms of net income                  (Diversification
      commodities       EFS       Proposed                      Mutually    /
                                                                agreed      intensification)
                                                                upon
                        OP –I     OP - II         OP - III      OP-IV
      -Agricultural
      crops                                                                   Diversification
      - Irrigated                                                             pulses mixed
      - Rainfed         Ragi       Ragi +        -              Ragi +        crop in (10:2)
                                   Pulses                       Pulses
      Horticultural
      crops                                                                   Diversification
      - Orchards        -          Mango         -              Mango         to get higher
      - Vegetables                                              grafts        yields
      - Floriculture
      Animal
      husbandry                                                               Intensification
      - Cows                                     Cows           Cows          better
      - Buffaloes                                                             nutritional
      - Sheep                                                                 management
      - Goat
      - Pigs
      Fisheries
      Sericulture M-5       -      Cocoon        -              Cocoon        Intensification
                                   production                   production    shoot rearing
      Poultry               -           -             -              -                -
      Bee keeping           -           -             -              -                -
      Duckeries             -           -             -              -                -
      Agriculture           -           -             -              -                -
      labour
      Any other             -           -             -              -                -




                                                                                           148
                                     TABLE: 33 G

DIVERSIFICATION AND INTENSIFICATION OF FARMING SYSTEMSS
District: Kolar                    Village: Thotli          Agro-ecological situation: I
                                                            Resource Rich
                                                         Existing farming systems: IV
Sl. Types of          Contribution of different enterprises / commodities Intervention
No. enterprises /     in terms of net income                                (Diversification
    commodities       EFS          Proposed                    Mutually     /
                                                               agreed       intensification)
                                                               upon
                      OP –I        OP - II       OP - III      OP-IV
     -Agricultural
     crops            Ragi        Sunflower       SRI            Sunflower      Diversification
     - Irrigated      Paddy       Maize           method of      & maize
                                                  paddy
                      Ragi        Groundnut       cultivation    Groundnut      Diversification
     - Rainfed                                                   + pulses
                                                  Groundnut
                                                  + pulses
     Horticultural                Grafting,       Medicinal      Grafting       Rejuvenation of
     crops                        use of          plants                        orchards
     - Orchards       Mango       improved
     - Vegetables     Tomato      varieties,      Floriculture Other            Diversification
                      Rose        production                   vegetables.
     - Floriculture               of export                    Export
                                  quality                      quality          Intensification
                                  fruits and
                                  vegetables
                                  Export
                                  quality
     Animal                       Improved        Puccka         Improved   Intensification
     husbandry        Cows        management      housing        Nutrition
     - Cows                       in nutrition,                  management
     - Buffaloes                  proper
                                  calving                        Improving
     - Sheep                      intervals,      Improving      the flock by   Intensification
     - Goat                       Improved        the housing    cross
     - Pigs                       sheep breed,                   breading &
                                  & Nutrition                    Nutrition
     Fisheries        -           -               -              -              -
     Sericulture        M5        Use of V1       Rearing        Use of V1      Intensification
                      variety     Variety         Bivoltine      Variety
     Poultry          -           -               -              -              -
     Bee keeping      -           -               -              -              -
     Duckeries        -           -               -              -              -
     Agriculture      -           -               -              -              -
     labour
                                                                                             149
     Any other        Eucalyptus Hybrid            Cashew          Cashew         Diversification
                                 variety           cultivation     cultivation
                                      TABLE: 33 H
      DIVERSIFICATION AND INTENSIFICATION OF FARMING SYSTEMSS

District: Kolar              Village: Thotli                  Agro-ecological situation: I
                                                              Resource Rich
                                                        Existing farming systems: V
Sl. Types of          Contribution of different enterprises / commodities Intervention
No. enterprises /     in terms of net income                               (Diversification
    commodities       EFS          Proposed                     Mutually /
                                                                agreed     intensification)
                                                                upon
                      OP –I        OP - II       OP - III       OP-IV
     -Agricultural
     crops
     - Irrigated                                                     OP-II
     - Rainfed        Ragi          Mixed           Minor                         Diversification
                                    cropping        millets
     Horticultural
     crops
     - Orchards
                                    Other           Medicinal & OP-II             Diversification
     - Vegetables     Tomato        vegetables      aromatic
     - Floriculture                 like carrot,    plants
                                    cabbage,
                                    leafy
                                    vegetable.
     Animal
     husbandry                      Improved        Fodder           OP-II
     - Cows           Cows          nutritional     production                    Intensification
     - Buffaloes                    management      & storage
                                                    methods
     - Sheep          Sheep         Provision of                     OP-III       Intensification
     - Goat                         grazing area    Breeding
     - Pigs                                         provision
     Fisheries        -             -               -                -            -
     Sericulture      M–5           Bivoltine       Community        OP-II        Intensification
                      C-B           rearing,        Mounting
                      Rocker        Planting V–     hall
                      Sprayer       1 use of
                                    power
                                    sprayer
     Poultry          -             -               -                -            -
     Bee keeping      -             -               -                -            -
     Duckeries        -             -               -                -            -
     Agriculture      -             -               -                -            -
     labour

                                                                                               150
Forestry   Eucalyptus Cashew   -   OP-II   Diversification




                                                       151
                                         TABLE: 33 I

      DIVERSIFICATION AND INTENSIFICATION OF FARMING SYSTEMSS

District: Kolar             Village: Achepally           Agro-ecological situation: II
                                                         Resource poor
                                                         Existing farming systems: II

Sl. Types of          Contribution of different enterprises / commodities    Intervention
No. enterprises /     in terms of net income                                 (Diversification
    commodities       EFS            Proposed                   Mutually     /
                                                                agreed       intensification)
                                                                upon
                      OP –I          OP - II       OP - III     OP-IV
     -Agricultural
     crops
     - Irrigated
     - Rainfed        Ragi + inter   Ragi +          Ragi +       OP - II    Intensification
                      crops          Pancha          Redgram
                                     dhanya
     Horticultural
     crops
     - Orchards

     - Vegetables
     - Floriculture
     Animal
     husbandry        Kaccha     Quality             Health
     - Cows           housing &  feeding &           coverage     OP-II
     - Buffaloes      poor       management          & pakka                 Intensification
                      Management                     house
     - Sheep                                                      OP-III
     - Goat           -“-            Stall feeding   Use of
     - Pigs                                          improved
                                                     breeds
     Fisheries        -              -               -            -          -
     Sericulture      -              -               -            -          -
     Poultry          Local          Giriraja        Gririraja    OP-II      Intensification
                      breeding       breeds          &
                                                     integrated
                                                     farming
     Bee keeping      -              -               -            -          -
     Duckeries        -              -               -            -          -
     Agriculture      -              -               -            -          -
     labour
     Forestry         -              -               -            -          -




                                                                                          152
                                      TABLE: 33 J
       DIVERSIFICATION AND INTENSIFICATION OF FARMING SYSTEMSS

District: Kolar              Village: Achepally          Agro-ecological situation: II
                                                          Resource Rich
                                                         Existing farming systems: II
Sl.     Types of       Contribution of different enterprises / commodities    Intervention
No.   enterprises /                  in terms of net income                 (Diversification
      commodities         EFS                Proposed             Mutually          /
                                                                   agreed   intensification)
                                                                  upon OP-
                                                                     IV
                       OP –I        OP - II        OP - III
      -Agricultural
      crops
      - Irrigated      Hy. Maize     Hy. Maize,    -              OP-II      Diversification
      Hy. Maize                      Redgram,      -
      Paddy            Sunflower     Sunflower     -
      - Rainfed
      Horticultural
      crops
      - Orchards
      - Vegetables
      Tomato           Tomato        Tomato        -              OP-II      Intensification
      Onion            Onion         Onion         -              OP-II
      - Floriculture
      Animal
      husbandry
      - Cows           Kacha      Quality          Health         OP-II
      - Buffaloes      housing    feeding &        coverage &
                       poor       management       pakka                     Intensification
      - Sheep          Management                  house
      - Goat                                                      OP-III
      - Pigs           Kacha         Stall feeding Use of
                       housing                     improved
                                                   breeds
      Fisheries        Poor          Good          Use of         OP-III     Intensification
                       management    management improved
                                                   breads
      Sericulture      M-5 & cross   Planting of   Bivoltine      II & III   Intensification
                       breeds        new variety Rearing,
                                                   Disinfection
      Poultry          Local         Giriraja      Giriraja &     OP-II      Intensification
                       breeding                    integrated
                                                   Farmers
      Bee keeping      -             -             -              -          -
      Duckeries        -             -             -              -          -
      Agriculture      Animal        Animal        -              Animal     Intensification
                                                                                           153
      labour           husbandry        husbandry                       husbandry
      Forestry         -                -                -              -         -
                                         TABLE: 33 K

       DIVERSIFICATION AND INTENSIFICATION OF FARMING SYSTEMSS

District: Kolar        Village: Malamachanahalli              Agro-ecological situation: III
                                                               Resource Rich
                                                         Existing farming systems:III
Sl.     Types of       Contribution of different enterprises / commodities in   Intervention
No.   enterprises /                     terms of net income                    (Diversification
      commodities        EFS             Proposed            Mutually agreed           /
                                                                upon OP-IV     intensification)
                       OP –I      OP - II      OP - III
      -Agricultural
      crops
      - Irrigated
      - Ragi           Ragi         Ragi            -           OP-II                 Intensification
      - Rainfed
      - Ragi           Ragi         Ragi +          Ragi        Ragi+pulses+Niger Intensification
                                    Pulses          +Niger
      Horticultural
      crops
      - Orchards
      - Vegetables
      - Tomato         Tomato       Sunflower -                 Sunflower             Diversification
                       Potato
      - Floriculture
      Animal
      husbandry
      - Cows           HF           HF              HF          HF                    Intensification
      - Buffaloes      Local        Murrah          -           Murrah Rambullet      Intensification
                                    Improved
      - Sheep          Local        Rambullet       -           1 Merino              Intensification
                                    / Merino
      - Goat           Local        Improved        -           Stall feeding         Intensification
                                    Jammna                      Jammu puri            Intensification
      - Pigs           Local        puri            -
      Fisheries        Nil          Storage         -           -                     Diverdification
                                    ponds
      Sericulture      M5,cross     V1,             -           V1, Bivoltine         Intensification
                       breeds use   Bivoltine                   rearing power
                       of rocker    use of                      sprayer
                       sprayer      power
                                    sprayer
      Poultry          Local        Giriraja        Integration Giriraja contract     Intensification
                                                                farming
      Bee keeping      -            -               -           -                     -
      Duckeries        -            -               -           -                     -
                                                                                               154
      Agriculture      Animal     Animal   -                   Animal husbandry   Intensification
      labour           husbandry husbandry
      Forestry         Eucalyptus Cashew   -                   Cashew             Diversification
                                      TABLE: 34 A

      GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED STRATEGY FOR PROMOTING THE
                      MODIFIED FARMING SYSTEMS

District: Kolar                  Village: Thotli                   Agro-ecological situation: I
                                                                    Resource Poor
                                                                 Existing farming systems: I
Sl.     Types of        Contribution of different       Gap in      Reasons      Proposed
No.   enterprises /    enterprises / commodities in    adoption for gap in strategy ***
      commodities          terms of net income          of new     adopting
                        Existing        Mutually      enterprise       **
                        Farming          agreed         (F/P/N
                        systems           upon
                                        farming
                                        systems
      -Agricultural
      crops
      - Irrigated
      - Rainfed
      - Ragi            10000/ha         12500/ha         P              1             2
      Horticultural
      crops
      - Orchards
      - Vegetables          -                -            -              -              -
      - Floriculture
      Animal
      husbandry
      - Cows                 -               -             -             -              -
      - Buffaloes            -               -             -             -              -
      - Sheep                -               -             -             -              -
      - Goat                 -               -             -             -              -
      - Pigs                -                -            -              -              -
      Fisheries             -                -            -              -              -
      Sericulture           -                -            -              -              -
      Poultry               -                -            -              -              -
      Bee keeping           -                -            -              -              -
      Duckeries             -                -            -              -              -
      Agriculture           -                -            -              -              -
      labour
      Forestry              -                -            -              -              -
      Eucalyptus            -                -            -              -              -
      Cashew or Bio         -                -            -              -              -
      fuel


                                                                                            155
** Reasons for gap in adoption                        *** Proposed Strategy
1. Lack of awareness                                  1.Intensification
2. Lack of resources                                  2. Diversification

                                      TABLE: 34 B
      GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED STRATEGY FOR PROMOTING THE
                        MODIFIED FARMING SYSTEMS
District: Kolar  Village: Thotli            Agro-ecological situation: I
                                                           Resource Rich
                                                            Existing farming systems: II
Sl.     Types of        Contribution of different         Gap in      Reasons      Proposed
No.   enterprises /    enterprises / commodities in      adoption for gap in strategy ***
      commodities          terms of net income            of new      adopting
                        Existing       Mutually         enterprise       **
                        Farming       agreed upon         (F/P/N
                        systems         farming
                                        systems
      -Agricultural
      crops
      - Irrigated
      - Rainfed
      - Ragi             11000/ha       14000/ha            P           1           2
      Horticultural
      crops
      - Orchards
      - Vegetables          -               -               -           -            -
      - Floriculture
      Animal
      husbandry
      - Cows                 -              -                -          -            -
      - Buffaloes            -              -                -          -            -
      - Sheep                -              -                -          -            -
      - Goat                 -              -                -          -            -
      - Pigs                -               -               -           -            -
      Fisheries              -             -                -           -            -
      Sericulture      60000/ha/year 80000/ha/Year          p          1,3        1, 3, 4
      Poultry                -             -                -           -            -
      Bee keeping            -             -                -           -            -
      Duckeries              -             -                -           -            -
      Agriculture            -             -                -           -            -
      labour
      Forestry



** Reasons for gap in adoption                        *** Proposed Strategy

                                                                                         156
1. Lack of awareness                                1. Intensification
2. Lack of resources                                2. Diversification
3. follow what other farmers do                     3. Demonstrations
                                                    4. Exposure visits

                                       TABLE: 34 C
      GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED STRATEGY FOR PROMOTING THE
                        MODIFIED FARMING SYSTEMS
District: Kolar  Village: Thotli            Agro-ecological situation: I
                                                          Resource Rich
                                                         Existing farming systems: III
Sl.     Types of         Contribution of different         Gap in     Reasons    Proposed
No.   enterprises /     enterprises / commodities in      adoption for gap in strategy
      commodities           terms of net income            of new     adopting       ***
                         Existing        Mutually        enterprise      **
                         Farming        agreed upon        (F/P/N
                         systems          farming
                                          systems
      -Agricultural
      crops
      - Irrigated
      - Rainfed
      - Ragi             11000/ha        14500/ha             P           1         2
      Horticultural
      crops
      - Orchards
      - Vegetables
      Tomato             50000/ha        65000/ha             P           1         2
      - Floriculture
      Animal
      husbandry
      - Cows                 -               -                   -        -         -
      - Buffaloes            -               -                   -        -         -
      - Sheep                -               -                   -        -         -
      - Goat                 -               -                   -        -         -
      - Pigs                -                -               -            -         -
      Fisheries              -               -                -           -          -
      Sericulture      65000/ha/year   80000/ha/Year          P           1       3, 4, 5
      Poultry                -               -                -           -          -
      Bee keeping            -               -                -           -          -
      Duckeries              -               -                -           -          -
      Agriculture            -               -                -           -          -
      labour
      Forestry               -               -                   -        -         -
      Eucalyptus             -               -                   -        -         -
      Cashew or Bio          -               -                   -        -         -
      fuel                   -               -                   -        -         -


                                                                                        157
  ** Reasons for gap in adoption            *** Proposed Strategy
  1. Lack of awareness                      1. Intensification
  2. Lack of resources                      2. Diversification
                                            3. Training and Demonstration
                                            4. Linkage with Banks
                                            5. Exposure visit
                                  TABLE: 34 D
        GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED STRATEGY FOR PROMOTING THE
                        MODIFIED FARMING SYSTEMS
  District: Kolar       Village: Thotli                   Agro-ecological situation: I
                                                                Resource Rich
                                                                         EFS - IV
Sl.   Types enterprises     Contribution of different      Gap in        Reasons      Proposed
No.   / Commodities         enterprises/commodity in       adoption of   for gap in   strategy
                            terms of net income (Rs.)      new           Adoption     ***
                            Existing     Mutually agreed   enterprise    **
                            Farming      upon Farming      (F/P/N)
                            systems      systems
      -Agricultural
      crops                 25,000/ha   30,000/ha          P             1            1,3
      - Irrigated
      secondary             18,00/ha    22,000/ha          P             3            7
      - Rainfed
      Quaternary
      - Horticultural
      crops
      - Orchards            30,000/ha   40,000/ha          P             1            4
       Mango
      - Vegetables          50,000/ha   65,000/ha          P             3            1
      - Tomato
      - Floriculture
      Animal
      husbandry             24000/year 35000/year          P             1,2          5,6
      - Cows - Per animal
      - Buffaloes           1000/year   1800/year          P             1,2          5
      - Sheep - Per
      animal
      - Goat
      - Pigs
      Fisheries             -           -                  -             -            -
      Sericulture           60,000 /    75,000 /year/ha    P             1,4          1,2
                            yr/ha
      Poultry               -           -                  -             -            -
      Bee keeping           -           -                  -             -            -
      Duckeries             -           -                  -             -            -
      Agriculture labour    -           -                  -             -            -
      Any other forestry    -           -                  -             -            -

  ** Reasons for gap in adoption                *** Proposed Strategy

                                                                                      158
1. Lack of awareness                             1. Training and demonstration
2. Lack of skilled persons                       2. Financial assistance there banks
3. Lack of improved method of Cultivation        3. Use of hybrids
4. Financial problem                             4. Rejuvenation of orchards
                                                 5. Reduction in intercalving period
                                                 6. Improving average milk yield
                                                 7. Mixed cropping
                                        TABLE: 34 D
      GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED STRATEGY FOR PROMOTING THE
                      MODIFIED FARMING SYSTEMS

District: Kolar             Village: Thotli             Agro-ecological situation: I
                                                              Resource poor
                                                              EFS – IV
Sl.   Types enterprises    Contribution of different       Gap in       Reasons Proposed
No.   / Commodities        enterprises/commodity in        adoption for gap          strategy
                           terms of net income             of new       in           ***
                           Existing       Mutually agreed enterprise Adoption
                           Farming        upon Farming     (F/P/N)      **
                           systems        systems
      -Agricultural crops
      - Irrigated
      - Rainfed PSQ
      - Primary,          4,500/ha          5,500/ha           P             1         1,2
      secondary,
      quaternary
      - Horticultural
      crops
      - Orchards                 -                  -               -              -         -
      - Vegetables
      - Floriculture
      Animal
      husbandry            1,500/year       20,000/year        P             1&2       3
      - Cows Per animal
      - Buffaloes          800/year         1,000/year         P             1&2       4
      - Sheep - Per
      animal
      - Goat
      - Pigs
      Fisheries            -                -                  -             -         -
      Sericulture P        50,000           75,000/ha/year     P             1&2       1&6
                           /ha/year
      Poultry              -                -                  -             -         -
      Bee keeping          -                -                  -             -         -
      Duckeries            -                -                  -             -         -
      Agriculture labour   -                -                  -             -         -
      Any other forestry   -                -                  -             -         -


                                                                                             159
** Reasons for gap in adoption                   *** Proposed Strategy
1. Lack of awareness                             1. Demonstration
2. Lack of Resource                              2. Adoption of recommended practices
                                                 3. Technical management of available fodder
                                                 4. Additional feeding
                                                 5. Training & exposure visits


                                       TABLE: 34 F
      GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED STRATEGY FOR PROMOTING THE
                      MODIFIED FARMING SYSTEMS

District: Kolar                  Village: Thotli                Agro-ecological situation: I
                                                                 Resource Rich
                                                                 Existing farming systems: V
Sl.     Types of        Contribution of different         Gap in      Reasons      Proposed
No.   enterprises /    enterprises / commodities in      adoption for gap in strategy ***
      commodities          terms of net income            of new     adopting
                        Existing       Mutually         enterprise       **
                        Farming       agreed upon         (F/P/N
                        systems         farming
                                        systems
      -Agricultural
      crops
      - Irrigated
       Paddy             25000/ha        30000/ha           P            1            1,3
      - Rainfed
      - Ragi             11000/ha        14500/ha           P            1             2
      Horticultural
      crops
      - Orchards
      Mango              30000/ha        40000/ha           P            1             3
      -Vegetables
      Tomato             50000/ha        65000/ha           P            1             2
      - Floriculture
      Animal
      husbandry
      - Cows per        24000/year      35000/year          P           1,2           5,6
      animal
      - Buffaloes           -               -               -            -             -
      - Sheep per       1000/year       1800/year           P           1,2         2,5,6,4
      animal
      - Goat                -                -              -            -             -
      Fisheries              -             -                -            -             -
      Sericulture      60000/ha/year 75000/ha/Year          P            1          3,4,5,6



                                                                                            160
      Forestry
      Eucalyptus       12000/ha/year           -              -          -             -
      Cashew                 -           25000/ha/year        F          1           3,2.4

** Reasons for gap in adoption                       *** Proposed Strategy
1. Lack of awareness                                 1. Intensification
2. Lack of resources                                 2. Diversification
                                                     3. Training & Demonstration
                                                     4. Linkage with banks
                                                     5. Improved feeding practices
                                                     6. Exposure visit
                                         TABLE: 34 G

      GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED STRATEGY FOR PROMOTING THE
                      MODIFIED FARMING SYSTEMS

District: Kolar              Village: Achepally               Agro-ecological situation: II
                                                              Resource rich
                                                              EFS - III
Sl.   Types enterprises     Contribution of different    Gap in      Reasons Proposed
No.   / Commodities         enterprises/commodity in     adoption for gap        strategy
                            terms of net income (in Rs.) of new      in          ***
                            Existing        Mutually     enterprise Adoption
                            Farming         agreed upon (F/P/N)      **
                            systems         Farming
                                            systems
      -Agricultural
      crops
      - Irrigated           25,000 /ha        28,000 /ha      P          1           1
      - Hybrid Maize        18,000 /ha        24,000/ ha      P          1           1
      - Paddy               -                 -               -          -           -
      - Rainfed
      - Horticultural
      crops                 -                 -               -          -           -
      - Orchards            -                 -               -          -           -
      - Vegetables          60,000 /ha        65,000 / ha     P          1           1
      - Tomato              18,000 / ha       18,000 / ha     N          -           -
      - Onion
      - Floriculture
      Animal
      husbandry             16,000 / year     20,000 / year   P          1, 2        1,2
      - Cows                5,000 / year      6,000 / year    P          1           1
      - Buffaloes           1,500 / year      2,000 / year    P          1           1
      - Sheep               1,500 / year      2,000 / year    P          1           1
      - Goat                1,000 / year      1,500 / year    P          1           1
      - Pigs
      Fisheries             -                 -               -          -           -
      Sericulture           60,000/           75, 000/        P          1, ,4       2, 3
                            year/ha           year/ha

                                                                                             161
      Poultry                 -             -               -             -           -
      Bee keeping             -             -               -             -           -
      Duckeries               -             -               -             -           -
      Agriculture labour      -             -               -             -           -
      Any other forestry      -             -               -             -           -



** Reasons for gap in adoption                  *** Proposed Strategy
1. Lack of awareness                            1. Farm trial & Demonstration
2. Lack of finance                              2. Linkage with credit institutions

                                      TABLE: 34 H
      GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED STRATEGY FOR PROMOTING THE
                        MODIFIED FARMING SYSTEMS
District: Kolar  Village: Achepally          Agro-ecological situation: II
                                                                Resource Poor
                                                              Existing farming systems: I
Sl.     Types of        Contribution of different        Gap in      Reasons       Proposed
No.   enterprises /    enterprises / commodities in     adoption for gap in strategy ***
      commodities          terms of net income           of new      adopting
                           Existing    Mutually        enterprise        **
                           Farming      agreed           (F/P/N
                           systems       upon
                                       farming
                                       systems
      -Agricultural
      crops
      - Irrigated
      - Rainfed
      - Ragi           4800/ha        -                P            1             2
      -Groundnut       6000/ha        8000/ha          P            2             2
      Horticultural
      crops
      - Orchards
      - Mango              25000/ha     40000/ha           P             1                4
      - Vegetables
      - Floriculture
      Animal
      husbandry
      - Cows
      - Goat                  -             -               -             -               -
      - Pigs
      Fisheries               -             -               -             -               -
      Sericulture             -             -               -             -               -
      Poultry                 -             -               -             -               -
      Bee keeping             -             -               -             -               -
                                                                                              162
      Duckeries                   -                -           -             -               -
      Agriculture                 -                -           -             -               -
      labour
      Forestry
      Eucalyptus                  -                -           -             -               -
      Cashew or Bio
      fuel

** Reasons for gap in adoption                          *** Proposed Strategy
1. Lack of awareness                                    1. Mass media
2. Other farmer follow it                               2. Farm trial & Demonstration
3. Fear of loss of yield if fertilizer loose in reduced 3. Linkage with credit in situation of credit
4. Lack of finance
                                               TABLE: 34 I

      GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED STRATEGY FOR PROMOTING THE
                        MODIFIED FARMING SYSTEMS
District: Kolar  Village: Achepally        Agro-ecological situation: II
                                                               Resource Rich
                                                              Existing farming systems: II
Sl.      Types of        Contribution of different           Gap in       Reasons    Proposed
No.    enterprises /    enterprises / commodities in       adoption of     for gap    strategy
       commodities          terms of net income                new            in         ***
                         Existing        Mutually           enterprise    adopting
                         Farming        agreed upon           (F/P/N         **
                         systems          farming
                                          systems
      -Agricultural
      crops
      - Irrigated
      - Rainfed -
      Ragi                4800/ha          5300/ha                 P             1           2
      Groundnut           6000/ha          8000/ha                 P             1           2
      Horticultural
      crops
      - Orchards
      Mango              25000/ha         40000/ha                 P             1           4
      - Vegetables          -                -                     -             -           -
      - Floriculture        -                -                     -             -           -
      Animal
      husbandry
      - Cows                  -                -                   -             -            -
      - Buffaloes
      - Sheep
      - Goat
      - Pigs
      Fisheries               -                -                   -             -            -
      Sericulture             -                -                   -             -            -
      Poultry                 -                -                   -             -            -
                                                                                                  163
      Bee keeping             -                -                    -             -           -
      Duckeries               -                -                    -             -           -
      Agriculture             -                -                    -             -           -
      labour
      Forestry                -                -                    -             -           -
      Eucalyptus              -                -                    -             -           -
      Cashew or Bio           -                -                    -             -           -
      fuel                    -                -                    -             -           -

** Reasons for gap in adoption                          *** Proposed Strategy
1. Lack of awareness                                    1. Mass media
2. Other farmer follow it                               2. Farm trial & Demonstration
3. Fear of loss of yield if fertilizer loose in reduced 3. Linkage with credit in situation of credit
4. Lack of finance
                                              TABLE: 34 J

      GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED STRATEGY FOR PROMOTING THE
                      MODIFIED FARMING SYSTEMS

District: Kolar                Village: Achepally              Agro-ecological situation: II
                                                               Resource poor
                                                               EFS - II
Sl.   Types enterprises       Contribution of different   Gap in      Reasons Proposed
No.   / Commodities           enterprises/commodity in    adoption for gap        strategy
                              terms of net income         of new      in          ***
                              Existing        Mutually    enterprise Adoption
                              Farming         agreed upon (F/P/N)     **
                              systems         Farming
                                              systems
      -Agricultural
      crops
      - Irrigated
      - Rainfed               4,800 / ha        5,300 / ha      P             1           1
      - Ragi
      - Horticultural
      crops
      - Orchards                     -                -                 -             -           -
      - Vegetables
      - Floriculture
      Animal
      husbandry               16,000 / year     20,000 / year   P             1           1
      - Cows                  5,000 / year      6,000 / year    P             1           1
      - Buffaloes             1,500 / year      2,000 / year    P             1           1
      - Sheep                 1,500 / year      2,000 / year    P             1           1
      - Goat                  1,000 / year      1,500 / year    P             1           1
      - Pigs
      Fisheries               -                 -               -             -           -
      Sericulture             -                 -               -             -           -
      Poultry                 -                 -               -             -           -

                                                                                                      164
      Bee keeping           -                  -                 -         -         -
      Duckeries             -                  -                 -         -         -
      Agriculture labour    -                  -                 -         -         -
      Any other forestry    -                  -                 -         -         -



** Reasons for gap in adoption                     *** Proposed Strategy
1. Lack of awareness                               1. Farm trial & Demonstration




                                      TABLE: 34 K

      GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED STRATEGY FOR PROMOTING THE
                        MODIFIED FARMING SYSTEMS
District: Kolar  Village: Malamaachanahally    Agro-ecological situation: III
                                                                     Resource Poor
                                                                   Existing farming systems: I
Sl.     Types of        Contribution of different          Gap in      Reasons for Proposed
No.   enterprises /    enterprises / commodities in      adoption of      gap in      strategy
      commodities          terms of net income               new       adopting **       ***
                       Existing       Mutually            enterprise
                       Farming       agreed upon            (F/P/N
                       systems         farming
                                       systems
      -Agricultural
      crops
      - Irrigated
      - Rainfed
      - Ragi            10000/ha       12500/ha                  P             1          2
      Horticultural
      crops
      - Orchards
      Manago            30000/ha       40000/ha                  P             1         3,5
      - Vegetables         -              -                      -             -          -
      - Floriculture       -              -                      -             -          -
      Animal
      husbandry
      - Cows                -              -                     -             -          -
      - Buffaloes           -              -                     -             -          -
      - Sheep               -              -                     -             -          -
      - Goat                -              -                     -             -          -
      - Pigs                -              -                 -                 -          -
      Fisheries             -              -                     -             -          -
                                                                                              165
      Sericulture          -              -              -              -          -
      Poultry              -              -              -              -          -
      Bee keeping          -              -              -              -          -
      Duckeries            -              -              -              -          -
      Agriculture          -              -              -              -          -
      labour
      Forestry            -               -            -            -              -
      Eucalyptus          -               -            -            -              -
      Cashew or Bio       -               -            -            -              -
      fuel                -               -            -            -              -
** Reasons for gap in adoption                 *** Proposed Strategy
1. Lack of awareness                           1. Demonstration
2. Lack of resources                           2. Intensification
                                               3. Training and Demonstration
                                               4. Diversification
                                               5. Linkage with Banks
                                        TABLE: 34 L

      GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED STRATEGY FOR PROMOTING THE
                        MODIFIED FARMING SYSTEMS
District: Kolar  Village: Malamaachanahally    Agro-ecological situation: III
                                                                 Resource Poor
                                                             Existing farming systems: II
Sl.     Types of        Contribution of different       Gap in      Reasons     Proposed
No.   enterprises /    enterprises / commodities in    adoption     for gap strategy ***
      commodities          terms of net income          of new         in
                       Existing       Mutually        enterprise adopting
                       Farming       agreed upon        (F/P/N         **
                       systems         farming
                                       systems
      -Agricultural
      crops
      - Irrigated
      - Rainfed
      - Ragi           10000/ha        12500/ha              P          1         2
      Horticultural       -               -                  -          -         -
      crops
      - Orchards -         -                  -              -          -         -
      Vegetables           -                  -              -          -         -
      - Floriculture       -                  -              -          -         -
      Animal
      husbandry
      - Cows per         24000           30000               p          1         6
      animals
      - Buffaloes          -               -                 -          -         -
      - Sheep              -           1500/year             p          1        4,5
      - Goat               -               -             -              -         -
      Fisheries            -                  -              -          -         -

                                                                                       166
      Sericulture       60000/year        80000/year         P          1.4       2,8
      Poultry               -                 -              -           -         -
      Bee keeping           -                 -              -           -         -
      Duckeries             -                 -              -           -         -
      Agriculture           -                 -              -           -         -
      labour
      Forestry             -                 -                  -         -        -
      Eucalyptus           -                 -                  -         -        -
** Reasons for gap in adoption               *** Proposed Strategy
1. Lack of awareness                         1. Demonstration
2. Lack of resources                         2. Intensification
3. Lack of finance                           3. Training and Demonstration
                                             4. Diversification
                                             5. Linkage with Banks
                                             6. Management of available fodder
                                             7. Training & exposure visit
                                             8.Shoot rearing
                                          TABLE: 34 M

      GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED STRATEGY FOR PROMOTING THE
                      MODIFIED FARMING SYSTEMS

District: Kolar        Village: Malamachanhalli        Agro-ecological situation: III
                                                       Resource rich
                                                       EFS - III
Sl.   Types               Contribution of different     Gap in       Reasons Proposed
No.   enterprises         enterprises/commodity in      adoption for gap         strategy
      / Commodities       terms of net income           of new       in          ***
                          Existing         Mutually     enterprise Adoption
                          Farming          agreed upon  (F/P/N)      **
                          systems          Farming
                                           systems
      -Agricultural
      crops               12,000 / ha       15,000 / ha          P            1        2
      - Irrigated
      - Ragi
      - Rainfed           10,000 / ha       12,500 / ha          P            1        2
      - Ragi
      - Horticultural
      crops
      - Orchards
      - Vegetables          60,000 / ha       65,000 / ha        P            1        2
      - Tomato              18,000 / ha       25,000 / ha
      - Potato
      - Floriculture




                                                                                           167
      Animal
      husbandry           24,000 /          30,000 / year         P           1             4
      - Cows              animal            8,000 / year          P           1             4
      - Buffaloes         6,000 / animal    1,500 / year          P           1             4
      - Sheep             1,000 / animal    2,000 / animal        P           1             4
      - Goat              1,500 / animal
      - Pigs
      Fisheries           -                 -                     -           -             -
      Sericulture         80000/year/ha     100000/year/ha        -           -             -
      Poultry / Back      Rs. 60 / bird     Rs. 100 / bird        P           1             4
      yard
      Bee keeping         -                 -                     -           -             -
      Duckeries           -                 -                     -           -             -
      Agriculture         -                 -                     -           -             -
      labour
      Any other           -                 -                     -           -             -
      forestry

** Reasons for gap in adoption                 *** Proposed Strategy
1. Lack of awareness                           1. Mass media
2. Lack of finance                             2. Farm trial & Demonstration
                                               3. Linkage with credit institutions
                                               4. Training
                                           TABLE: 34 N

      GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED STRATEGY FOR PROMOTING THE
                      MODIFIED FARMING SYSTEMS

District: Kolar        Village: Malamaachanahally                Agro-ecological situation: III
                                                                 Resource Poor
                                                           Existing farming systems: III
Sl.     Types of         Contribution of different  Gap in     Reasons       Proposed
No.   enterprises /                                adoption for gap in strategy ***
                        enterprises / commodities in
      commodities           terms of net income     of new     adopting
                         Existing       Mutually enterprise       **
                         Farming       agreed upon  (F/P/N
                         systems           farming
                                           systems
      -Agricultural
      crops
      - Irrigated
      - Rainfed
      - Ragi             10000/ha          14000/ha          P           1            1,3
      Horticultural
      crops
      - Orchards              -                 -            -            -             -
       - Vegetables           -                 -            -            -             -
      - Floriculture          -                 -            -            -             -
                              -                 -            -            -             -
                                                                                                168
     Animal
     husbandry
     - Cows per         24000         30000          p           1         5
     animal
     - Buffaloes           -            -            -           -         -
     - Sheep per           -          1000           p           1        4,6
     animal
     - Goat                -          2000           p           1        4,6
     Sericulture           -            -            -           -         -
     Agriculture           -            -            -           -         -
     labour
     Forestry            -              -            -           -         -
     Eucalyptus    12000/ha/year        -            F           1         4
     Cashew or Bio       -         25000/ha/per      F          1,2       3,4
     fuel

** Reasons for gap in adoption        *** Proposed Strategy
1. Lack of awareness                  1. Demonstration
2. Lack of Resources                  2. Intensification
                                      3. Training and Demonstration
                                      4. Diversification
                                      5. Management of Available Fodder
                                      6. Linkage with Banks




                                                                                169
170
                                                                   TABLE N: 35A

                       Identification of different farming situation in each crop in Existing farming situation
District: Kolar                       Representative village: Thoti                                           Name AES – I

Time of           Name of Crop Area in ha
sowing
                  Ragi (Rainfed )    Paddy (Irrigated)   Ragi (Irrigated)    Cabbage            Potato             Paddy               Tomato
                  48.00               1.00               12.00               (irrigated)        (irrigated)        (Rainfed)           10.00
                  W     T     C RF   W     T     C RF    W     T        C
                                                                        RF   W      T C    RF   W T C         RF   W T C        RF   W T C       RF
Early             -     -     - -    -     -     - -     -     - - -         √      - -    -    -     - -     -    -   - -      -    √ - -       -
Normal            -     -     - √    -     -     - -     -     - - -         √      - -    -    √ - -         -    -   - -      -    √ - -       -
Late              -     -     - -    -     √     - -     -     √ - -         -      - -    -    -     - -     -    -   - -      √    √ - -       -



                                                                   TABLE: 35B

                       Identification of different farming situation in each crop in Existing farming situation
District: Kolar                       Representative village: Achapally                             Name AES – II

Time of    Name of Crop Area in ha
sowing
           Hy. Maize                 Maize (rainfed)     Paddy               Ragi (Rainfed)     Onion              Tomato                Sericultur
           5.00                      32.00               (irrigated) 12.00   80.00              (irrigated)        2.00                  e
                                                                                                                                         (irrigated)
           W           T    C   RF   W     T    C   RF   W     T       RF
                                                                       C     W    T   C    RF   W    T   C    RF   W   T    C   RF   W   T   C   RF
Early      -           -    -   -    -     -    -   -    -     -   -   -     -    -   -    -    -    -   -    -    -   -    -   -    -   -   -   -
Normal     √           -    -        -     -    -   -    √     -   -   -     -    -   -    -    √    -   -    -    √   -    -   -    √   -   -   -
Late       -           -    -   -    -     -    -   √    -     -   -   -     -    -   -    √    -    -   -    -    -   -    -   -    -   -   -   -


W – Well                        T – Tank                     C- Cannel                     RF - Rainfed


                                                                                                                                                       171
                                                    TABLE: 35C

          Identification of different farming situation in each crop in Existing farming situation
District: Kolar               Representative village: Malamachanahalli                  Name AES – III


Time of        Name of Crop Area in ha
sowing
               Ragi (rrigated)     Ragi (Rainfed)Tomato                   Potato           Sericulture
               60 ha               30 ha         (irrigated)              (irrigated)         40.0 ha
                                                  6.00 ha                 6.0 ha
               W    T     C RF W       T    C RF W T         RF
                                                             C            W T C RF         W     T C     RF

Early          -    -     -   -    -   -    -   -      -   -   -   -      - -   -   -      √     -   -   -
Normal         -    -     -   √    √   -    -   -      -   -   -   -      √ -   -   -      √     -   -   -
Late           -    -     -   -    -   -    -   -      √   -   -   -      - -   -   -      √     -   -   -


 W – Well               T – Tank            C- Canal       RF - Rainfed




                                                                                                              172
                                       TABLE: 36 A
TYPE OF FARMING SITUATIONS UNDER WHICH IMPORTANT AGRICULTURAL
                     CROPS ARE CULTIVATED


Name of district: Kolar
Representative village: Thotli                                  Resource Rich
Name of agro-ecological situation: I                            Name of crop: Ragi

Sl.    Farming Area and % under different farming situations (ha)       Total
No.    situation EFS-I       EFS-2          EFS-3          EFS-4
                 Area   %    Area %         Area %         Area %       Area    %
1.     Irrigated -      -    5       41     3       25     4      33    12      100




                                       TABLE: 36 B

      TYPE OF FARMING SITUATIONS UNDER WHICH IMPORTANT
              AGRICULTURAL CROPS ARE CULTIVATED

Name of district: Kolar
Representative village: Thotli                                  Resource poor
Name of agro-ecological situation: AES - I                      Name of crop: Ragi
                                                                Area in ha: 48.00 ha

Sl.    Farming Area and % under different farming situations (ha)       Total
No.    situation EFS-I       EFS-2           EFS-3         EFS-4
                 Area   %    Area %          Area %        Area %       Area    %
1.     Rainfed 11       24   6       12.5 4         8.3    27     56    48      100

       Total      11        24    6       12.5   4   8.3   27     56    48      100




                                                                                 173
                                     TABLE: 36 C

      TYPE OF FARMING SITUATIONS UNDER WHICH IMPORTANT
             AGRICULTURAL CROPS ARE CULTIVATED

Name of district: Kolar
Representative village: Achepally                               Resource Rich
Name of agro-ecological situation: AES - II                     Name of crop: Ragi
                                                                Area in ha: 6.00 ha

Sl.    Farming     Area and % under different farming situations (ha)   Total
No.    situation   EFS-I         EFS-2           EFS-3         EFS-4
                   Area    %     Area %          Area %        Area %   Area    %
1.     Hybrid      -       -     1.0     16.66 -        -
       paddy
2.     Hybrid    -          -      3.0    50.00   -   -
       Maize
3.     Sunflower -          -      1.0    16.66   -   -
4.     Cotton    -          -      1.00   16.16   -   -

       Total



                                     TABLE: 36 D

      TYPE OF FARMING SITUATIONS UNDER WHICH IMPORTANT
             AGRICULTURAL CROPS ARE CULTIVATED

Name of district: Kolar
Representative village: Achepally                                Resource poor
Name of agro-ecological situation: AES - II                      Name of crop: Ragi
                                                          Area in ha: 129.00 ha

Sl.    Farming Area and % under different farming situations (ha)       Total
No.    situation EFS-I        EFS-2          EFS-3          EFS-4
                 Area   %     Area %         Area %         Area %      Area    %
1.     Rainfed 20.00    15.50 60.0    46.5 -
       Ragi
2.     Hybrid    12.0   9.30  22.0    17.0 -
       Maize
       rainfed
3.     Ground    5.0    3.87  12.0    7.75 -
       nut
       Rainfed
       Total
                                                                                 174
                                       TABLE: 36E

      TYPE OF FARMING SITUATIONS UNDER WHICH IMPORTANT
              AGRICULTURAL CROPS ARE CULTIVATED

Name of district: Kola
Representative village: Malamachanahalli                       Resource Rich
Name of agro-ecological situation: AES - III                   Name of crop: Ragi
                                                               Area in ha: 30.00

Sl.    Farming Area and % under different farming situations (ha)     Total
No.    situation EFS-I       EFS-2           EFS-3         EFS-4
                 Area   %    Area %          Area %        Area %     Area    %
1.     Rainfed 2        7    15      50      13     43     -      -   -       -

       Total      2         7     15      50   13    43   -     -     -       -




                                       TABLE: 36 F

      TYPE OF FARMING SITUATIONS UNDER WHICH IMPORTANT
             AGRICULTURAL CROPS ARE CULTIVATED

Name of district: Kola
Representative village: Malamachanahalli                       Resource Poor
Name of agro-ecological situation: AES - III                   Name of crop: Ragi
                                                               Area in ha: 60 ha

Sl.    Farming Area and % under different farming situations (ha)     Total
No.    situation EFS-I       EFS-2           EFS-3         EFS-4
                 Area   %    Area %          Area %        Area %     Area    %
1.     Rainfed -        -    43      71      17     29     -      -   -       -

       Total      -         -     43      71   17    29   -     -     -       -




                                                                                  175
176
                                             TABLE: 37 A

     GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING
          THE PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME FROM SERICULTURE

        Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – I    District: Kolar            Village: Thotli

     Crop: Mulberry cultivation and Silkworm rearing        Farming systems: I, II, III, IV, V

Sl. Items of package           Recommended Existing          Gap in       Specific      Farmer
No.                            practice    practice          adoption     reasons       proposed
                                                             (F/P/N)      for the       extension
                                                             (*)          gap (**)      strategy
                                                                                        (***)
1.     Sowing: planting        July – Oct     July-Oct &     -            1             1
       - Time                  pit system      Pit system    P
       - Method
2.     Varieties               V1             M5 & V1        P            4             5
3.     Seed rate (per ha)      12000-00       20000-00       P            2             1
4.     Seed treatment          -              -              -            -             -
5.     Organic manure          20 tons        10 tons        P            3             1
       (tons / ha)
6.     Fertilizer / nutrient   300:120:120    150:60: 60     P            2             2
       (kg/ha) year
       - Basal (N+P+k)
       - Top dress (N+)
7      Method of fertilizer    Through        Basal          P            1             1
       use;                    Trech
       - Basal
       - Top dress
8      Micro nutrient          Seri boost     Seri boast     P            1             1
       (specify):              Cytozyme       cytozyme
       -Dos (kg/ha)            harith
       -Method of
       application
9      Pest management         Nuvan          Nuvan          P            1             1
       Tukra
       Leaf roller pest
10     Disease                 Dm-45          DM-45          P            1             1
       management              bavestin       Bavestin
       - Powdery mildew
       - Leaf spot disease
11     Post harvest            -              -              -            -             -
       management
12     Weed management                                       P            1             1
       - Mechanical            Deep           Deep
       - Herbicide             Ploughing      ploughing
                               Glyeel         Glyceal



                                                                                                 177
       Contd…. Table 37 A
13     Water management
       - Number of
       irrigation             Weekly thrice      Weekly         P
       - Method of                               thrice                      1&2          2
       irrigation             Drip
                                                 Drip & flood   P
14     Land management:
       - Salinity/acidity     -                  -              -            -            -
       - Water logging
15     Method of              Sicature           Sicature       P            3            4
       harvesting                                sickle
                                                 pruning
16     Any other              -                  -              -            -            -
       Average yield
       (Q/ha)
       - Grain                60 tons            40 tons        P            1            1
       - Fodder
17     Silk worm race         Bivoltine        Cross breed      P            1            1&2
                              hybrid           & Biboltine
                                               hybrid
18     Rearing methods        Shoot rearing    Shoot            P            1&5          1
                                               rearing tray
                                               rearing
19     Disease control        Disinfections    Disinfections    P            1            1
                              of RH            of RH
                              Use of Bed       Use of Bed       P
                              disinfectant     disinfectant
20     Mounting method        Separate         Mounting in      P            1            1&2
                              mounting hall    open places
                              & use of plastic with bamboo
                              mountages        mountages
                                               plastic
                                               mountages
21     Cocoon -average        50 kg            62 kg         P            1             1, 2, 3 & 5
       yield kg/100 DFLS
        +RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                                  +RRF: Resource Rich
        Farmer
        @ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems
        (*) F=Full                P = Partial                N = Nil
     ** Code for specific reasons for gap in           *** code for farmer proposed extension
     adoption
     1. Lack of awareness                         1. On farm trails / Demonstration
     2. Lack of Finance                           2. Linkage with credit facilitates as credit thrarist activity
                                                  in self help group
     3. Non availability of material              3. Specific recommended material tube introduced
     4. Demand of seed material                   4. Existing recommended materials available l l locally
     5. Lack of separate rearing house            5. Encourage to raise new mulberry variety V1 through
                                                  Kissan nursary
                                                                                                  178
                                              TABLE: 37A

       GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING
              THE PRODUCTIVITY INCOME FROM “ SERICULTURE CROP”

      Name of the AES-I                    District: Kolar        Village: Tothli
      Crop: Silkworm Rearing                                      Type of farmer: Landless
                                                                Farming systems I, II, III, IV, V
 Sl. Items of               Recommended Existing              Gap in      Specific       Farmer
 No. package                practice    practice              adoption    reasons        proposed
                                                              (F/P/N)     for the        extension
                                                                          gap            strategy
 1.      Silkworm Race      Bivoltive cross   Cross Breed     P           1              1
                            Breed
 2.      Rearing methods    Shoot rearing     Shoot rearing   P              1           -
                                              tray rearing
 3.      Disease control    Use of 5%         Inadequate      P              1           1&2
                            Bleaching         Quantity of
                            powder            disinfectant
                            disinfections
                            for Rearing
                            House
 4.      Rearing house      Rearing of        Have both       P              1           1&2
                            silkworm in       separate
                            separate houses   rearings
                                              houses and
                                              rears in
                                              dwelling
                                              houses also
 5.      Mounting of      Separate            Mountaing in    F              1           1&2
         ripened silkworm mounting halls      open places
                          and use of          use of
                          plastic             Bamboo
                          mountages           mountages
 6.      Cocoon yield per 50 kgs              45 kgs          P              1           1&2
         100 DFLS

** Code for specific reasons for gap in                *** code for farmer proposed extension
   adoption
1. Lack of awareness                               1. Training / Demonstration
2. Lack of Finance                                 2. Linkage with credit facilitates through Banks
3. Scarcity of V1 Mulberry seed material           3. Providing V1 Mulberry seed material
4. Lack of separate rearing house                  4. Encourage to raise V1 variety mulberry through Kissan
                                                   nursery
                                                   5. Providing Financial Assistance through Banks for
                                                   construction of rearing houses

      Note: The resource poor farmers don‟t cultivate Mulberry instead they purchases mulberry
      leaves from the resource rich farmers

                                                                                                 179
                                             TABLE: 37AB

      GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING
             THE PRODUCTIVITY INCOME FROM “ SERICULTURE CROP”

    Name of the AES-II           District: Kolar                      Village: Malamachanahalli
    Crop: Silkworm Rearing                                            Farming systems I, II, III
 Sl. Items of        Recommended Existing        Gap in               Specific    Farmer
 No. package         practice     practice       adoption             reasons     proposed
                                                 (F/P/N)              for the     extension
                                                                      gap         strategy
 1.    Silkworm         Bivoltive cross    Cross Breed     P          1           1
       Race             Breed
 2.    Rearing          Shoot rearing      Shoot rearing   P          1            -
       methods                             tray rearing
 3.    Disease          Use of 5%          Inadequate      P          1            1&2
       control          Bleaching          Quantity of
                        powder             disinfectant
                        disinfections
                        for Rearing
                        House
 4.    Rearing house    Rearing of      Have both          P          1            1&2
                        silkworm in     separate
                        separate houses rearings
                                        houses and
                                        rears in
                                        dwelling
                                        houses also
 5.    Mounting of      Separte         Mountaing in       F          1            1&2
       ripened          mounting halls open places
       silkworm         and use of      use of
                        plastic         Bamboo
                        mountages       mountages
 6.    Cocoon yield     50 kgs          45 kgs             P          1            1&2
       per 100 DFLS

** Code for specific reasons for gap in        *** Code for farmer proposed extension
adoption
1. Lack of awareness                           1. Training / Demonstration
2. Lack of Finance                             2. Linkage with credit facilitates through Banks
3. Scarcity of V1 Mulberry seed material       3. Providing V1 Mulberry seed material
4. Lack of separate rearing house              4. Encourage to raise V1 variety mulberry through
                                               Kissan nursery
                                               5. Providing Financial Assistance through Banks for
                                               construction of rearing houses
Note: The resource poor farmers don‟t cultivate Mulberry instead they purchases mulberry leaves
from the resource rich farmers



                                                                                                180
                                             TABLE: 37 B

      GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING
               THE PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME FROM AGRICULTURAL CROPS

       Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – I            District: Kolar     Village: Thotli
       Crop: Tomato                                       Farming systems: I, II, III, IV, V

Sl.    Items of           Recommended Existing               Gap in      Specific   Farmer
No.    package            practice    practice               adoption    reasons    proposed
                                                             (F/P/N)     for the    extension
                                                             (*)         gap (**)   strategy (***)
1      Sowing:            June – August    Through out       P           1          1
       planting           Transplanting    the year
       - Time                              Transplanting N
       - Method
2      Varieties          PUSA-RUBY        Abhinav                       -          -
                          ARKA-            m2
                          SAURAB           Sudharshani       N
                          ABHISHEK         Namdharin
                          Hyb.
4      Seed treatment     Thiram 1.25gm    -                 -           3          -
5      Organic            38 tons / ha     20 tons / ha      P           3          1
       manure (tons /
       ha)
6      Fertilizer /       250:250:250      300:300:300       P           1          1
       nutrient (kg/ha)
       year
       - Basal
       (N+P+k)
       - Top
       dress(M+)
7      Method of          Lime             Lime              -           -          -
       fertilizer use;    application      application
       - Basal
       - Top dress
8      Micro nutrient     15 kgs/ ha       Multiplex         P           1          1
       (specify):
       -Dos (kg/ha)
       -Method of
       application
9      Pest               IPM root grub    Phorate           P           1          1
       management         20 kgs phorate
       Tukra              / ha
       Leaf roller perl
10     Disease
       management
       - Powdery          Powdery          Bavistin

                                                                                                181
      mildew             mildew 3gms/                  N           -          -
      - Leaf spot        per lit sulphur
      disease
      Contd… Table 37B
11     Post harvest     -                -            -            -        -
       management
12.    Weed
       management
       - Mechanical     Mechanical       Mechanical   -            -        -
       - Herbicide      glycel           glycel
13.    Water                                          -            -        -
       management
       - Number of      Thrice weekly Thrice
       irrigation                        weekly
       - Method of      Flood / drip     Flood / drip
       irrigation
14.    Land             -                -            -            -        -
       management:
       -
       Salinity/acidity
       - Water logging
15.    Method of        Picking          Picking      -            -        -
       harvesting
16.    Any other        -                -            -            -        -
       Average yield    50,000 to        20,000 to    P            1        1
       (Q/ha)           75,000 kgs / ha 40,000 kgs /
       - Grain                           ha
       - Fodder
      +RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                                +RRF: Resource Rich
      Farmer
      @ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems
      (*) F=Full               P = Partial               N = Nil


      ** Code for specific reasons for gap       *** code for farmer proposed extension
      in adoption
      1. Lack of awareness                   1. On farm trails / Demonstration
      2. Lack of Finance                     2. Linkage with credit facilitates as credit
                                                thirst activity in self help group
      3. Non availability of material        3. Specific recommended material tube introduced
      4. Demand of seed material             4. Existing recommended materials available l l
                                                locally
      5. Lack of separate rearing house      5. Encourage to raise new mulberry variety V1
                                                through Kissan nursery
                                             6. Alternate pesticide to be introduced




                                                                                          182
                                          TABLE: 37 C
      GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING
                THE PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME FROM AGRICULTURAL CROPS
       Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – I District: Kolar       Village: Thotli
       Crop: Mango                              Farming systems: I, II, III, IV, V

Sl.     Items of            Recommended Existing             Gap in        Specific   Farmer
No.     package             practice    practice             adoption      reasons    proposed
                                                             (F/P/N) (*)   for the    extension
                                                                           gap        strategy
                                                                           (**)       (***)
1.      Sowing: planting    June-July        June-July       N             -          -
        - Time
        - Method
2.      Varieties           Alphanso         Totapuri        P             1          1,3
                            Totapuri         Neelam
                            Malgoa
                            Neelam
3.      Seed rate per(ha)   100 seedling     100 seedlings   N             -          -
                            per ha           / ha
4.      Seed treatment      25 kg/ha/        -               -             -          -
5.      Organic manure      5 tonnes/ha      4-5             P             2          5
        (tons / ha)
6.      Fertilizer /        -                -               -             -          -
        nutrient (kg/ha)
        year
        - Basal (N+P+k)
        - Top dress (M+)
.       Total – 5th crop    365:90:340                       F             1,4        1
                            gms /per plant
7.      Method of           Basal            Basal           N             -          -
        fertilizer use;
        - Basal
        - Top dress
8.      Micro nutrient      -                Micronutrient N               -          5
        (specify):                           4-5ml/lt of
        -Dos (kg/ha)                         water
        -Method of
        application
9.      Pest management     Mango hopper     Spraying        Monacrotphos 1.5 ml/lt -
        Tukra               4 gm carbonyl    insecsicide     or Pyrethroids 1.5 ml/lt
        Leaf roller pest
                            Aphids 4 gm
                            carbonyl
10.     Disease             Leaf spot        Feengicide –    N             -          -

                                                                                            183
         management          powdey            bavistin
         - Powdery           mildew 1 ml
         mildew              phosphomidon
         - Leaf spot         + 3 gm water
         disease             soluble sulphur
         Contd…. Table 37C
11.      Post harvest       -                -              -             -         -
         management
12.      Weed               Mechanical       -              N             -         -
         management         Mecrarical
         - Mechanical       intercultivation
         - Herbicide
13.      Water                                              F             3         1,6
         management
         - Number of        2 times          -
         irrigation
         - Method of
         irrigation
14.      Land
         management:
         - Salinity/acidity -                Nil            -             -         -
         - Water logging
15.      Method of          Plucking         Plucking       N             -         -
         harvesting
16.      Any other          -                -              -             -         -
         Average yield      1-5 tonns / ha   2-4 tonns / ha P             1,4       3,5,6
         (Q/ha)
         - Grain
         - Fodder
        +RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                                 +RRF: Resource Rich
        Farmer
        @ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems
        (*) F=Full               P = Partial                 N = Nil


      ** Code for specific reasons for gap in              *** code for farmer proposed extension
      adoption
      1. Lack of awareness                                1. Training programmes required
      2. Non availability of organic manure               2. Rejuvenation of existing orchards
      3. Mango crop is raised under Rainfed condition     3. Grafting of improved, dwarf and high
      thus leading to lack of moisture                    yielding varieties
      4. Lack of interest regarding use of recommended    4. Training regarding soil and water
      dose of fertilizers                                    management
      5. Lack of adoption of intercultivation practices   5. Training regarding improved methods of
                                                             compost preparation
                                                          6. Two protective irrigations will lead to
                                                          increase in the size of fruit, thus leading to
                                                          increase in the yield.



                                                                                                    184
                                              TABLE: 37 D

     GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING
              THE PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME FROM AGRICULTURAL CROPS

      Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – I       Districts: Kolar  Village: Thotli
      Crop: Aware (Rainfed)                          Farming systems: I, II, III, IV, V


Sl.     Items of package        Recommended Existing          Gap in     Specific    Farmer
No.                             practice    practice          adoption   reasons     proposed
                                                              (F/P/N)    for the     extension
                                                              (*)        gap (**)    strategy
                                                                                     (***)
1.      Sowing: planting        Kharif-August   July-
        - Time                  Rabi-October    August
        - Method                Summer-Feb-
                                March
2.      Varieties               Hebbal-3        Local         F
3.      Seed rate per(ha)       #0 kg / ha      5 kg /ha      F          Mixed       1, 2
                                                                         cropping
                                                                         system
4.      Seed treatment          375 gm          -             N          3           2
                                375 gm
5.      Organic manure          5 tons / ha     2 tons / ha   P          4           3
        (tons / ha)
6.      Fertilizer / nutrient   25:50:25        18:46:0       F          3           2
        (kg/ha) year
        - Basal (N+P+k)
        - Top dress (M+)
        Total                   25:50:25        18:46:0
7.      Method of fertilizer    Basal           Basal         -          -           -
        use;
        - Basal
        - Top dress
8.      Micro nutrient          -               -             -          -           -
        (specify):
        -Dos (kg/ha)
        -Method of
        application
9.      Pest management         Pod borer       Malathion     -          -           -
        Tukra                   Endosulphan –   420 kg /ha
        Leaf roller perl        2 ml / lt

                                                                                            185
                              Malathian – 20
                              kg/ha
10.     Disease               -                 -             -            -           -
        management
        - Powdery mildew
        - Leaf spot disease

        Contd… Table 37 D
11.     Post harvest          Repeated sun      -             -            -           -
        management            drying at
                              regular
                              intervals
12.      Weed management      -               Hand        -           -          -
         - Mechanical                         weeding
         - Herbicide
13.      Water management -                   -           -           -          -
         - Number of
         irrigation
         - Method of
         irrigation
14.      Land management: -                   -           -           -          -
         - Salinity/acidity
         - Water logging
15.      Method of           Manual           Manual      -           -          -
         harvesting
16.      Any other           -                -           -           -          -
         Average yield       10-1298/ha       29t/ha      F
         (Q/ha)              2 t/ha           0.5t/ha     F           5          1
         - Grain
         - Fodder
      +RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                                +RRF: Resource Rich
      Farmer
      @ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems
      (*) F=Full               P = Partial               N = Nil


      ** Code for specific reasons for gap in               *** Code for farmer proposed
      adoption                                         extension
      1. Hebbal aware has to be takes as pure crop     1. Recommended variety has to be take as
                                                       puree
                                                          crop
      2. Farmers use local variety in mixed cropping   2. Training and method demonstration
         system
      3. Lack of awareness                             3. Training regarding compost preparation
      4. Non availability
      5. Mixed cropping system




                                                                                              186
                                                TABLE: 37 E

     GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING
              THE PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME FROM AGRICULTURAL CROPS

      Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – I            District: Kolar   Village: Thotli
      Crop: Ragi (Irrigated)                               Farming systems: I, II, III, IV, V


Sl. Items of package           Recommended Existing               Gap in     Specific   Farmer
No.                            practice    practice               adoption   reasons    proposed
                                                                  (F/P/N)    for the    extension
                                                                  (*)        gap (**)   strategy
                                                                                        (***)
1.     Sowing: planting        June-August        June - August   N          -          -
       - Time GPU-28           July-August        July- August    N          -          -
       - Method                Transplanting      Transplanting   N          -          -
2.     Varieties               GPU-28             GPU-28          P          1          1
                                                  Indaf-5
3.     Seed rate per (ha)      5 kg / ha          5 kg / ha       N          -          -
4.     Seed treatment          Azospirillum       -               F          1&2        1&2
                               375 gm / ha
5.     Organic manure          10                 5               P          2          1
       (tons / ha)
6.     Fertilizer / nutrient   50:50:50           45:115:0        P          1          1
       (kg/ha) year
       - Basal (N+P+k)
       - Top dress(M+)
       Total                   100:50:50          68:115:0        P          1          1
7.     Method of fertilizer
       use;
       - Basal                 Lime               Broad casting P            1          1
       - Top dress             application
8.     Micro nutrient                             -               F          1,2        1
       (specify):
       -Dos (kg/ha)            Zn 504 10 kg /
       -Method of              ha
       application
9.     Pest management         Stem – Borer       -               N          -          -
                               Methyl
                               parathian

                                                                                                187
                             Aphids-0.5 ml
                             phosphonian

10.    Disease                                  Use of Blast    N         -           -
       management            0.5 g              resistant
       - Blast               carbendizin        varieties
       - Viral disease       1.7 ml             GPU-28
                             dimethoate

                                           Contd…. Table 37 E
11.    Post harvest          -                 -             -            -           -
       management
12     Weed management                          -               F         1           1
       - Mechanical
       - Weedicidie          1, 5 lt
                             Butachlor
13     Water management
       - Number of
       irrigation            6                  6               -         -           -
       - Method of
       irrigation            Furrow             Furrow
                             irrigation         irrigation
14     Land management:
       - Salinity/acidity
       - Water logging       -                  -               -         -           -
15     Method of             -                  -               -         -           -
       harvesting
       Any other             -                  -               -         -           -
       Average yield
       (Q/ha)
       - Grain               30-40 qt/ha        30-35 qt/ha     P         Threshing   Use of
       - Fodder              9-10 tonne         6-7 tonne       P         loss        threshers

      +RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                                +RRF: Resource Rich
      Farmer
      @ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems

      (*) F=Full                 P = Partial                   N = Nil


      ** Code for specific reasons for gap in              *** code for farmer proposed
      adoption                                         extension
      1. Lack of awareness                             1. Training and method demonstration
      2. Lack of availability




                                                                                              188
                                        TABLE: 37 F

GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING
         THE PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME FROM AGRICULTURAL CROPS

 Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – I         District: Kolar      Village: Thotli
 crop: Paddy (Rainfed)                           Farming systems: I, II, III, IV, V

 Sl.   Items of          Recommended        Existing       Gap in     Specific   Farmer
 No.   package           practice           practice       adoption   reasons    proposed
                                                           (F/P/N)    for the    extension
                                                           (*)        gap (**)   strategy
                                                                                 (***)
 1     Sowing:
       planting          June-July          June-July      N          -          -
       - Time
       - Method
 2     Varieties         Jaya, Rasi         Jaya, Rasi     N          -          -
                         IR-64              IR-64
 3     Seed rate per     62 kg/ha           80 kg/ha       P          6          1
       (ha)
 4     Seed treatment    Strepteocyclin     -              F          1          1
                         8.75 gm / 36 ltr
                         of water
 5     Organic           10 tons / ha       2 tons / ha    F          1&2        2
       manure (tons /
       ha)
 6     Fertilizer /
       nutrient
       (kg/ha) year
       - Basal           50: 50:50          18:46:0        P          1          3
       (N+P+k)           50                 23
       - Top
       dress(M+)
       Total             100: 50:50         41:46:0
 7     Method of         Broadcasting       Broad          N          -          -
       fertilizer use;                      casting
       - Basal
       - Top dress
 8     Micro nutrient    25 kg ZnSO4/ha     10 kg          P          1          1,3

                                                                                        189
      (specify):                              ZnSO4/ha
      -Dos (kg/ha)
      -Method of
      application
9     Pest               Stem borer –         - Stem borer N               -           -
      management          2 ml                 2 ml
                         endosulphan/ ltr     endosulphan/
                         water                ltr water
10    Disease            Blastarbendizim      -            F               3           4
      management         1gm./ltr of water

      Contd…. Table 37 F
11    Post harvest        2-3 hrs. of sun      2-3 hrs. of      N          -           -
      management         drying               Sun drying
12    Weed               Butachlor –          Hand              P          1           1
      management         10kg./ha &           weeding
      - Mechanical       75kg.sand
      - Weedicidie
13    Water              -                    Rainfed           -          -           1
      management
      - Number of
      irrigation
      - Method of
      irrigation
14    Land               -                    -                 -          -           -
      management:
      -
      Salinity/acidity
      - Water
      logging
15    Method of          Manual               Manual            N          -           -
      harvesting
16    Average yield
      (Q/ha)
      - Grain            20-25 qt/ha          15-20 qt/ha       P          5           1,4
      - Fodder           4-5 tons/ha          3-3.5 tons/ha


+RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                                +RRF: Resource Rich
Farmer
@ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems

(*) F=Full                   P = Partial                     N = Nil

** Code for specific reasons for gap in                *** Code for farmer proposed
adoption                                           extension
1. Lack of awareness                               1. Training and method demonstration
2. Non availability in required qty                2. Training regarding compost preparation
3. Plant protection is not economical under        3. Soil testing and application of fertilizers
rainfed conditions                                 as per recommendation co-operative
                                                                                              190
                                                          farming
      4. Machines cannot be used for small holdings       4. Training regarding Pest and disease
                                                          management.
      5.Non adoption of recommended method of
        practices
      6. Germination is not assured under rainfed
      condition.




                                                TABLE: 37 G

    GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING
             THE PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME FROM AGRICULTURAL CROPS

      Name of agro-ecological situation: AES – I             District: Kolar Village: Thotli
      Crop: Paddy (Irrigated)                                 Farming systems: I, II, III, IV, V

Sl.     Items of package        Recommended Existing               Gap in      Specific    Farmer
No.                             practice    practice               adoption    reasons     proposed
                                                                   (F/P/N)     for the     extension
                                                                   (*)         gap (**)    strategy
                                                                                           (***)
1       Sowing: planting
        - Time
        - Method                June-July         June-July        N                  -            -
2       Varieties               Rasi IR-64,       Rasi IR-64,      N                  -            -
                                Tellahamsa,       Tellahamsa,
3       Seed rate per (ha)      62 kg / ha        75 kg / ha       P           5           4
4       Seed treatment          Streptocylin             -         F           1           1
                                8.7 gm/18 lts
                                of water
5       Organic manure          10 tons FYM       5 tons FYM       P           1, 2        2
        (tons / ha)
6       Fertilizer / nutrient
        (kg/ha) year
        - Basal (N+P+k)
        - Top dress(M+)         50:50:50          50:50:50         N           -           -
                                50                50
        Total                   100:50:50         100:50:50        -           -           -
7       Method of               Broadcasting      Broadcasting     N           -           -
        fertilizer use;
        - Basal
        - Top dress
8       Micro nutrient
        (specify):
        -Dos (kg/ha)            20 kg             10 kg            P           1           1

                                                                                                       191
       -Method of           Znso4 / ha        Znso4 / ha
       application          Broadcasting      -
9      Pest management
       Stem borer
                            Endosulphon       Endosulphon
       Jassids              2ml lt of water   2ml lt of         P         1          1
                            Rogar 2ml/ lt     water             F         1          1
                            of water          Not followed

10     Disease              Carbendizim       Carbendizim
       management           1 gm / lt of      1gm /lt
       - Blast disease      water                               N         -          -

       Contd…. Table 37 G
11     Post harvest       3-4 hrs sun         3-4 hrs sun       N         -          -
       management         drying              drying
12     Weed management
       -Mechanical
       - Weedicide                            Manual
                          Butachlor 30           25% of the     P         1          1
                          kg/ha+ 75 kg,.      farmers
                          sand                follow
13     Water              2.5 cm water        5cm water
       management         at early stage      level mainted
       - Number of        and 5 cm at         throughout        P         1          1
       irrigation         critical stages     achukut area
       - Method of        Controlled
       irrigation         flooding
14     Land management:
       - Salinity/acidity                                       -         -          -
       - Water logging
15     Method of           Manual &            10%              P         6,7        3,5
       harvesting         mechanical          mechanical
       Any other          -                   -                 -         -          -
       Average yield
       (Q/ha)
       - Grain            40-50 qt/ha         30 – 35 qt/ha     P         4          1
       - Fodder           8-10 tons /ha        5 tons /ha

     +RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                                +RRF: Resource Rich
     Farmer
     @ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems

     (*) F=Full               P = Partial                     N = Nil

     ** Code for specific reasons for gap in             *** Code for farmer proposed
     adoption                                        extension
     1. Lack of awareness                            1. Training and method demonstration
     2. Non availability                             2. Training regarding compost preparation
     3. Machines cannot be used for small holdings   3. Co-operative farming
                                                                                            192
  4. Non adoption of recommended practices        4. Seeds should be made available in 25 kg
                                                  bags
  5. Non availability of seeds in 25 kg bags      Seeds should be made available in 25 kg.
                                                  Bags.
  6. Lack of finance.                             5. Paddy thresher should be supplied at
                                                  subsidized rates.
  7. Non availability of paddy threshers




                                           TABLE: 37 H

GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING
             THE PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME FROM AGRICULTURAL CROPS
   Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – I     District: Kolar      Village: Thotli
   Crop: Potato                                Farming systems: I, II, III, IV, V
Sl. Items of package Recommended Existing                 Gap in    Specific Farmer
No.                     practice         practice         adoption reasons proposed
                                                          (F/P/N)   for the      extension
                                                          (*)       gap (**) strategy
                                                                                 (***)
1    Sowing: planting Oct-Nov.           Oct-Nov.              N         -           -
     - Time             Dibbling         Dibbling
     - Method
2    Varieties          Kufri Badshan Kufri Sindhura           N         -           -
                        Kufri Kuber      Kufri Jothi
                        Kufri Jyothi
3    Seed rate per (ha) 1500-2000 kg     1500-2000 kg          N         -           -
4    Seed treatment     Mancozeb 4gm Mancozeb                  N         -           -
                                         4gm
5    Organic manure     25 tons          10 tons               P         2           1
     (tons / ha)
6    Fertilizer /
     nutrient (kg/ha)
     year
     - Basal (N+P+k)    125:100:125      200:100:100           F         4           5
     -Top dress (M+)
     Total              125:100:125      200:100:100
7    Method of
     fertilizer use;
     - Basal            Broad casting    Broad casting         N         -           -
     - Top dress        Line             Line
                        application in   application in
                        furrows          furrows
8    Micro nutrient
     (specify):

                                                                                         193
     -Dos (kg/ha)         25 kg / ha         -           F         1          1
     -Method of
     application
9    Pest management
     - Aphid           Phosphomidon     Phosphomidon N       -         -
     Cut worm          0.5ml            0.5ml

10   Disease
     management        Zineb
     - Late blight     2.5 gm / lt of   -           F        1,3       1, 4
     - Nemotode        water




                                                                                  194
        Contd…. Table 37 H
11      Post harvest          Grading ,       Grading               P            -           1
        management            Malathion to be
                              dusted on
                              ground and
                              stored
12      Weed
        management            -                   -                 N            -           -
        - Mechanical
        - Weedicidie
13      Water
        management
        - Number of           Need based          Need based        N            -           -
        irrigation
        - Method of           Furrow              Furrow
        irrigation
14      Land
        management:
        - Salinity/acidity             -                 -              N            -             -
        - Water logging
15      Method of             Potato digger       Manual                  P      5           6
        harvesting
        Any other
        Average yield         150-200 Q           100 –120 Q        P            1           1,4
        (Q/ha)
        - Grain
        - Fodder

     +RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                                +RRF: Resource Rich
     Farmer
     @ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems

     (*) F=Full                   P = Partial                   N = Nil

     ** Code for specific reasons for gap in                  *** Code for farmer proposed
     adoption                                            extension
     1. Lack of awareness                                1. Training and method demonstration
     2. Lack of availability of organic manure           2. Co-operative farming
     3. Non adoption of package of practices             3. Training regarding compost preparation
     4. In order to get higher yield excess fertilizer   4. Training regarding proper identification
     is used                                             of pest and disease
     5. Lack of finance                                  5. Conducting soil health campaigns and
                                                         training regarding judicial use of fertilizers
                                                         6. Harvester should be supplied at
                                                         subsidised rates




                                                                                                       195
                                          TABLE: 37 - I

GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING
         THE PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME FROM AGRICULTURAL CROPS

 Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – I
 District: Kolar         Village: Thotli                    Crop: Ragi (Rainfed)
                                                            Farming systems: I, II, III, IV, V

 Sl.    Items of          Recommended Existing                Gap in      Specific   Farmer
 No.    package           practice    practice                adoption    reasons    proposed
                                                              (F/P/N)     for the    extension
                                                              (*)         gap (**)   strategy
                                                                                     (***)
 1      Sowing:                                                           1          1
        planting
        - Time            July – August      July- August     -
        - Method          Seed drill         Broadcasting     F
 2      Varieties         GPU-28             GPU-28           N           -          -
 3      Seed rate per     10-12 kg/ha        15-20 kg/ha      F           2          1
        (ha)
 4      Seed              12.5 gm ZnS04      -                F           3          3
        treatment         2-2.5gm
 5      Organic           7.5 ton/ha         0-2 ton / ha     F           4          4
        manure (tons
        / ha)
 6      Fertilizer /
        nutrient
        (kg/ha) year
        - Basal
        (N+P+k)           20:40:25           9:23:0           P           5          1
        -Top dress        25:0:0             23
        (M+)
        Total             50:40:25           32:23:0
 7      Method of
        fertilizer use;
        - Basal           -                  -                N           -          -
        - Top dress
 8      Micro             -                  -                -           -          -
        nutrient
        (specify):
        -Dos (kg/ha)
        -Method of
        application
 9      Pest              -                  -                N                      -
        management
 10     Disease           Use of blast       -                F           1          5
        management        tolerant

                                                                                            196
        - Late blight   Bavistin 1gm
        - Nemotode      /lt
Contd…. Table 37 I
11      Weed
        management
        - Mechanical    1 gm / lt            Manual           P          1           1
        - Weedicide     Isoproturon
12      Method of       Manual /             Manual           P          7           6
        harvesting      mechanical
13      Average                                                          6           1
        yield (Q/ha)    15-20                10-13            P
        - Grain
        - Fodder        3-4                  2-3


+RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                                +RRF: Resource Rich
Farmer
@ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems

(*) F=Full               P = Partial                       N = Nil

** Code for specific reasons for gap in                  *** Code for farmer proposed
adoption                                             extension
1. Lack of awareness                                 1. Training and method demonstration
2. Method of sowing & erratic rainfall               2. Co-operative farming
3. Lack of awareness & non availability of           3. Training and chemicals to be made
chemicals in small quantity                          available in small quantity
4. Lack of availability of organic manure            4. Training regarding compost preparation
5. Lack of finance                                   5. Use of blast resistant varieties
6. Non adoption of package practices                 6. Use of combine harvester
                                                     7. Lack of finance




                                                                                            197
                                          TABLE: 37 - J

GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING
         THE PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME FROM AGRICULTURAL CROPS

    Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – I       District: Kolar        Village: Thotli
    Crop: Hybrid Maize (Rainfed)                    Farming systems: I, II, III, IV, V

Sl. Items of package       Recommended Existing               Gap in     Specific   Farmer
No.                        practice    practice               adoption   reasons    proposed
                                                              (F/P/N)    for the    extension
                                                              (*)        gap (**)   strategy
                                                                                    (***)
1     Sowing: planting                        Dibbling/row
      - Time               Jun-July           ploughing       N          -          -
      - Method             Dibbling           Jun-July

2     Varieties            RMH-32             Ganga 11                   -          -
                           Ganga 11           Deccan 103      N
                           Deccan 103

3     Seed rate per (ha)   15 kg              15 kg           N          -          -

4     Seed treatment       Metaloxyl          -               F          1          1
                           4.5 gm
5     Organic manure       7.5 tons           4 Tons          P          1&3        1& 5
      (tons / ha)
6     Fertilizer / nutrient
      (kg/ha) year
      - Basal (N+P+k)
      -Top dress (M+)       50:50:25          50:50:25        N          -          -
                            50                50
      Total                 100:50:25         100:50:25
7     Method of
      fertilizer use;       ROW-              Row             N          -          -
      - Basal               Application       application
      - Top dress
8     Micro nutrient        ZnSo4 10
      (specify):            kg/ha row         -               F          1&2        1&2
      -Dos (kg/ha)          application
      -Method of
      application
9     Pest management
      -Stem bore            Endosulphan 2     Endosulphan
                            ml/ltr of water   2 ml/ltr of     N          -          -
                                              water


                                                                                           198
10      Disease
        management          Metoloxyl seed     -                F         1          1& 6
        - Downy mildew      treatment

        Contd…. Table 37 J
11      Post harvest        Maintenance        Maintenance      N         -          -
        management          10-12%             10-12%
                            moisture           moisture
12      Weed
        management
        - Mechanical        Hand weeding       Hand             P         1          1
        - Herbicide         two times          weeding
                            Simazin            Once             F         1          1
                                               -
13      Land
        management:                                                                  -
        -Salinity/acidity   6-8 PH             6-8 PH           N         -
        - Water logging
14      Method of           Cob shelling       Cob shelling     P         2          2
        harvesting                             and hand
                                               shelling
        Average yield
        (Q/ha)
        - Grain             30-36 qt           18-20 qt         P         4          3
        - Fodder            12-18 Ton          6–8T             P         4          3

     +RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                                +RRF: Resource Rich
     Farmer
     @ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems

     (*) F=Full               P = Partial                     N = Nil

     ** Code for specific reasons for gap in              *** Code for farmer proposed
     adoption                                        extension
     1. Lack of awareness                            1. Demonstrations & field visit
     2. Lack of Finance                              2. Linkage with credit Institutions
     3. Non availability of Organic Manure           3. Adoption of package of practices
     4. Non adoption of package of practices         4. Adoption of IPM Technology
     5. Irregular Rainfall                           5. Training regarding compost preparation
                                                     6.Compost method




                                                                                            199
                                             TABLE: 37 K

GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING
         THE PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME FROM AGRICULTURAL CROPS

    Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – I
    District: Kolar                Village: Thotli             Crop: Ragi (Rainfed)
                                                               Farming systems: I, II, III, IV, V

Sl. Items of              Recommended           Existing         Gap in      Specific   Farmer
No. package               practice              practice         adoption    reasons    proposed
                                                                 (F/P/N)     for the    extension
                                                                 (*)         gap (**)   strategy
                                                                                        (***)
1      Sowing:
       planting
       - Time             Jun-July              June-July        N           -          -
       - Method           Line sowing           Broadcasting     F           -          -
2      Varieties          GPU-28                GPU-28           N           -          -
3      Seed rate per      15 kg                 20 kg            P           2          2
       (ha)
4      Seed treatment     Certified seeds       50 % treated     P           1          1&2
                                                50 % non
                                                treated
5      Organic manure     7–5                   3.0              P           6          5
       (tons / ha)
6      Fertilizer /
       nutrient (kg/ha)
       year
       - Basal            25 – 40.25            28-57.00         P           2&5
       (N+P+K)            25                    23               P                      1&4
       -Top dress
       (M+)
       Total              50:40:25              -                -           -          -
7      Method of
       fertilizer use;
       - Basal            Seed cum              Broadcasting     F           2&5        1&4
       - Top dress        fertilizer drill
8      Micro nutrient
       (specify):
       -Dose (kg/ha)
       -Method of         -                     -                -           -          -
       application
9      Pest
       management

                                                                                               200
10      Disease             Blast control       -                 F          2           2
        management
11      Post harvest        10-12 % Moisture                      P          2           2
        management          Maintenance         Varies

        Contd…. Table 37 K
12      Weed
        management
        - Mechanical          Hand weeding      Hand              P          5           4
        - Herbicide           twice             weeding once
13      Water
        management
        - Number of
          irrigation          -                 -                 -          -           -
        - Method of
        irrigation
14      Land
        management:
        -Salinity/acidity     6-8 PH            6-8 PH            N          -           -
        - Water logging
15      Method of             Earhead           Manual            N          -           -
        harvesting            harvest
        Any other             -                 -                 -          -           -
        Average yield
        (Q/ha)
        - Grain               15-20 ton         12-15             P          4           3
        - Fodder              3-4 ton           2-3               P          4           3


     +RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                                +RRF: Resource Rich
     Farmer
     @ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems

     (*) F=Full                   P = Partial                  N = Nil

     ** Code for specific reasons for gap in                  *** Code for farmer proposed
     adoption                                            extension
     1. Non-availability of seed drill                   1. On Farm trial / Demonstration
     2. Lack of awareness                                2. Extension- Literature
     3. Irregular Rainfall                               3. Adoption of package of practices
     4. Non adoption of package of practices             4. Linkage with credit facilities
     5. Lack of finance                                  5. Compost pits
     6. Non availability of compost




                                                                                               201
                                     TABLE: 37 L

GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING
         THE PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME FROM AGRICULTURAL CROPS

   Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – II    District: Kolar      Village: Achepally
   Crop: Groundnut (Rainfed)                                  Farming systems: I, II, III
Sl.   Items of         Recommended Existing            Gap in     Specific Farmer
No. package            practice         practice       adoption reasons      proposed
                                                       (F/P/N)    for the    extension
                                                       (*)        gap (**) strategy
                                                                             (***)
1     Sowing:
      planting
      - Time           Jun-July         Jun-July
      - Method         Line sowing      Line sowing N             -          -
2     Varieties        JL 24, GPBD-4 JL 24             N          -          -
                       TMV2             TMV2
3     Seed rate per
      (ha)
      JL 24            150 kg/ha        100 kg/ha
      TM V2            110 kg/ha        75 kg/ha       F          5          6
4     Seed treatment Rhizobium 375 -                   F          1&3        1&7
                       gms
5     Organic          7.5 tons         4.5 tons       P          3          4
      manure (tons /
      ha)
6     Fertilizer /
      nutrient (kg/ha)
      year
      - Basal          25:50:25         18:46:0        P          2          2
      (N+P+K)
      -Top dress
      (M+)
      Total            25:50:25         18:46:0
7     Method of
      fertilizer use;
      - Basal          Row              Row            N          -          -
      - Top dress      Application      Application
8     Micro nutrient   Gypsum           Gypsum         P          1          1&3
      (specify):       500kg/ha         250 kg/ha
      -Dose (kg/ha)    Zinc Sulphate    -              F          1          1&3
      -Method of       10kg/ha
                                                                                       202
         application
9        Pest               Leaf minor
         management         rogar 1.75ml/ lt -                 F           1           1&5
10       Disease            Bavistin1gms/ -                    F           1           1&3
         management         lts Seed
         Tikka Disease      treatment with
         Bud necrosis       carbendizim 2    -
                            gms/kg of seed
         Contd…. Table 37 L
11       Weed
         management
         - Mechanical       Alachlor           Hand            P           1           1&3
         - Herbicide        2.5ltrs/ha         weeding
12       Land
         management:
         -                  6-8 PH             6-8 PH          N           -           -
         Salinity/acidity
         - Water logging
15       Method of          Hand picking       Hand            N           -           -
         harvesting                            picking
         Average yield
         (Q/ha)
         - Grain            8-10 Qt            6-8 QT          P           4           1&3
         - Fodder           4-5 ton            2-3 ton         P           4           1&3


     +RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                                +RRF: Resource Rich
     Farmer
     @ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems

     (*) F=Full                P = Partial                     N = Nil

     ** Code for specific reasons for gap in                  *** Code for farmer proposed
     adoption                                            extension
     1. Lack of awareness                                1. Training and exposure visits
     2. Lack of finance                                  2. Linkage with credit Institutions
     3. Non availability of organic manure               3. Adoption of package of practices
     4. Non adoption of package of practices             4. Trainng regarding compost preparation
     5. Higher seed cost                                 5. Adoption of IPM technology
                                                         6. Use of recommended seed rate to get
                                                         higher yields
                                                         7. Ensure timely availability of bio-
                                                         fertilizers




                                                                                                203
                                             TABLE: 37 M

    GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING
              THE PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME FROM AGRICULTURAL CROPS
     Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – II   District: Kolar     Village: Achepally
     Crop: Mulberry cultivation & Silkworm rearing            Farming systems: I, II, III

Sl.     Items of           Recommended Existing               Gap in     Specific   Farmer
No.     package            practice    practice               adoption   reasons    proposed
                                                              (F/P/N)    for the    extension
                                                              (*)        gap (**)   strategy
                                                                                    (***)
I       Mulberry cultivation
1       Sowing: planting
        - Time
        - Method           July – Oct        July – Oct       N          1          1
                           Pit system        Row system       F
2       Varieties          V, RFS 175        M-5              F          4          5
3       Seed rate per (ha) 12100             20.000           P          1          1
4       Seed treatment     -                 -                -          -          -
5       Organic manure     20 tons / ha      10 tons          P          1          1
        (tons / ha)
6       Fertilizer /
        nutrient (kg/ha)   Straight          19 all or 17     F          1          4
        year               fertilizer        all + urea per
        - Basal (N+P+k) 300+120+120          crop
        -Top dress (M+)
        Total              -                 -                -          -          -
7       Method of
        fertilizer use;
        - Basal            Through trench    Furrow           P          3          1
        - Top dress
        furrow
8       Micro nutrient
        (specify):
        -Dose (kg/ha)      Viphul or seri    -                F          1&3        1&4
        -Method of         boost or Harith
        application        500 lts / ha
9       Pest management Physical
        - Tukra            chemical
                           method 0.15%      DDVP             P          1&3        6

                                                                                           204
                           DDVP
                           Biocontrol
10     Disease             -                 -             -         -       -
       management
11     Post harvest        -                 -             -         -       -
       management
12     Weed
       management          Deep              Deep          P         1       1
       - Mechanical        ploughing         ploughing
       - Herbicide         Glycel
       Contd…. Table 37 M
13     Water
       management          Once in four      Once in six
       - Number of         days              days          P         2       1&2
         irrigation                          Flood
       - Method of         Drip
       irrigation
14     Land
       management:
       -Salinity/acidity            -              -           -         -         -
       - Water logging
15     Method of
       harvesting          Sicature          Sickle
                                             pruning       F         3       4
16     Any other           -                 -             -         -       -
       Average yield
       (Q/ha)
       - Grain             60,000            20,000        P         1       1
       - Fodder
II     Silk worm rearing
17     Silkworm race     Bivotline        Cross breed    F          1          1, 5
                         hybrid
18     Rearing methods Shoot              Tray           F          5, 2       1&2
19     Disease control   Disinfections    Disinfections
                         through power through           P          1&2        1&2
                         sprayer & use    gutter sprayer
                         of Bed           use
                         disinfections    disinfections
20     Mounting          Separate         Mounting in
       method            mounting hall    open places    F          1, 2       1&2
                         & use of plastic with bamboo
                         mountages        mountages
21     Cocoon yield kg / 50 kg            60 kg          P          -          -
       100 DFL
     +RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                                +RRF: Resource Rich
     Farmer
     @ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems

     (*) F=Full                P = Partial                 N = Nil

                                                                                       205
** Code for specific reasons for gap in      *** Code for farmer proposed extension
adoption
1. Lack of awareness                    1. On farm trials & demonstration
2. Lack of finance                      2. Linkage with credit facilities or credit thrifit activity in self
                                        help group
3. Non availability of material         3. Specific Recommended material to be introduced
4. Demand of seed material              4. Existing recommended materials available locally
5. Lack of separate rearing house       5. Encourage to raise new mulberry variety V1 through Kisssan
                                        nursery
                                        6. Alternate pesticide to be introduced


                                          TABLE: 37 N

GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING
         THE PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME FROM AGRICULTURAL CROPS

  Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – II     District: Kolar     Village: Achepally
  Crop: Sunflower (Irrigated) (seed production)               Farming systems: I, II, III

  Sl.    Items of           Recommended Existing             Gap in       Specific   Farmer
  No.    package            practice    practice             adoption     reasons    proposed
                                                             (F/P/N)      for the    extension
                                                             (*)          gap (**)   strategy
                                                                                     (***)
  1      Sowing:
         planting
         - Time             June – July      June-July       N            -          -
         - Method           Dibbling         Dibbling

  2      Varieties          KBSH-1           Mordan
                            KBSH-44          KBSH-1          N            -          -
                            Mordan           KBSH-44
  3      Seed rate per      2 kg             3-4 kg          P            1          1
         (ha)
  4      Seed treatment     Gouch 5 gm/kg    -               F            1          1
  5      Organic            5-7.5 tons       2.5 –3 tons     F            5          5
         manure (tons /
         ha)
  6      Fertilizer /
         nutrient (kg/ha)
         year
         - Basal            15:30:25         15:30:25        N            -          -
         (N+P+k)            10:0:0           10:0:0
         -Top dress
         (M+)
         Total              25:30:25         25:30:25
  7      Method of
         fertilizer use;
         - Basal            Row              Row             N            -          -

                                                                                             206
      - Top dress        Application       Application
      furrow
9     Pest                                                  N           -          -
      management         Endosulphan       Endosulphan
      - Head borer       2 ml/lt           2 ml/lt
10    Disease            Imidachrotid      Endosulphan      P           1          1
      management         2ml/lt            2 ml/lt
      Bud necrosis
11    Post harvest       Hand threshing    Hand             P           6          1&3
      management         10-12%            threshing
                         moisture          8-10%
                                           moisture
      Contd…. Table 37 N
12    Weed
      management
      - Mechanical       Hand weeding      Hand             N           -          -
      - Herbicide                          weeding
                         Butachlor
                         2ml/lt of water   -                P           1          1&3
13    Water
      management
      - Number of        8-10              7-8              N           -          -
        irrigation
      - Method of        Furrow             Furrow
      irrigation         Irrigation        Irrigation
14    Land
      management:
      -                  6-8 PH            6-8 PH           N           -          -
      Salinity/acidity
      - Water
      logging
15    Method of          Manual            Manual           N           -          -
      harvesting
      Any other
      Average yield
      (Q/ha)
      - Grain            10-12 Qt          6-8 Qt           P           4          1&3

+RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                                +RRF: Resource Rich
Farmer
@ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems

(*) F=Full                 P = Partial                    N = Nil

** Code for specific reasons for gap in                  *** Code for farmer proposed
adoption                                            extension
1. Lack of awareness                                1. Demonstration & exposure visits
2. Lack of finance                                  2. Linkage with credit Institutions
3. Non availability of Inputs                       3. Adoption of package of practices
4. Non adoption of package of practices             4. IPM
                                                                                          207
 5. Non availability of organic manure             5. Training regarding compost preparation
 6. Excess sun drying




                                         TABLE: 37 -O

GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING
         THE PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME FROM AGRICULTURAL CROPS

 Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – II       District: Kolar       Village: Achepally
 Crop: Popcorn                                                    Farming systems: I, II, III

 Sl.   Items of           Recommended Existing            Gap in      Specific    Farmer
 No.   package            practice    practice            adoption    reasons     proposed
                                                          (F/P/N)     for the     extension
                                                          (*)         gap (**)    strategy
                                                                                  (***)
 1     Sowing:
       planting
       - Time             May-June         June-July      P           -           -
       - Method           Dibbling         Dibbling
 2     Varieties          Amber            Amber          -           -           -
 3     Seed rate per      15 kg            15 kg          N           -           -
       (ha)
 4     Seed treatment     Ridomil Mz72     -              F           -           -
                          3 gm/kg
 5     Organic            10 tons          5-6 tons       P           3           8
       manure (tons /
       ha)
 6     Fertilizer /
       nutrient (kg/ha)
       year
       - Basal            75:75:40         17:17:17       P           2           2&2
       (N+P+k)            75:0:0           50:0:0
       -Top dress
       (M+)
       Total              150:75:40            67:17:17   -           -           -
 7     Method of
       fertilizer use;
       - Basal            Row              Row            N           -           -
       - Top dress        application      application

                                                                                          208
      furrow
8     Micro nutrient
      (specify):
      -Dose (kg/ha)    ZnSo4 10           -           F           1           1
      -Method of       kg\ha
      application
9     Pest
      management       Endosulphan
      - Stem borer     2ml/lt of water    -           F           1           1&4
10    Disease
      management
      - Downey         Metalaxyl seed     -           F           1&2         1&2
      mildew           treatment
                       3gm/kg of seed
11    Post harvest     10-12%             8-10%       P           1           3
      management       Moisture           Moisture
      Contd…. Table 37 O
12    Weed
      management
      - Mechanical     Weedicide          Hand        P           1           1
      - Herbicide      (Simazin)          weeding
13    Water
      management
      - Number of      12-15 irrigation 10-12
        irrigation     Alternate        irrigation    P           5           5,7
      - Method of      furrow system    Alternate
      irrigation                        Furrow
                                        system
14   Land
     management:
     -                6-8 ph           6-8 ph       N           -         -
     Salinity/acidity
     - Water logging
15   Method of        Manual &         manual       P           2         2
     harvesting       Mechanical
     Average yield
     (Q/ha)
     - Grain          25qt             18-20 qt     P           4         3,6
     - Fodder         6 tons           4-5 tons     P           4         3,6
+RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                                +RRF: Resource Rich
Farmer
@ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems

(*) F=Full              P = Partial                  N = Nil

** Code for specific reasons for gap in             *** Code for farmer proposed
adoption                                       extension
1. Lack of awareness                           1. Demonstration & exposure visits
2. Lack of finance                             2. Linkage with credit institutions
3. Non availability of Farm Yard Manual        3. Adoption of package of practices
                                                                                     209
 4. Non adoption of package of practices            4. IPM
 5. Scarcity of water                               5 Rain gun / sprinkler irrigation
 6. Non availability of machines                    6. Use of certified / notified / high yielding
                                                    varieties/Hybrids
                                                    7. Co-operative farming
                                                    8. Training regarding improved methods of
                                                    composting




                                           TABLE: 37 P

GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING
         THE PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME FROM AGRICULTURAL CROPS

 Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – II           District: Kolar      Village: Achapally
 Crop: Hybrid maize (Irrigated)                              Farming systems: I, II, III

 Sl.   Items of        Recommended Existing                 Gap in       Specific     Farmer
 No.   package         practice    practice                 adoption     reasons      proposed
                                                            (F/P/N)      for the      extension
                                                            (*)          gap (**)     strategy
                                                                                      (***)
 1     Sowing:
       planting
       - Time          May-July            May-July         N            -            -
       - Method        Dibbling            Dibbling         N            -            -
 2     Varieties       Ganga _II                            N            -            -
                       RMH-32              NAC6004
                       NAC6004             Private
                       Private Hybrids     Hybrids
 3     Seed rate per   15 kg               15 kg            N            -            -
       (ha)
 4     Seed            Metaloxyl           -                F            1            1
       treatment       3gm/kg of seed

 5     Organic        7.5 Tons             4 Tons           P            3            4
       manure (tons /
       ha)
 6     Fertilizer /
       nutrient
       (kg/ha) year
       - Basal        100:75:40            50:50:50         P            1            1
       (N+P+k)        50                   70
       -Top dress
                                                                                               210
    (M+)
    Total             150:75:40          120:50:50         1   1
7   Method of
    fertilizer use;
    - Basal           Row                Row           -   -   -
    - Top dress       application        application   -   -   -
8   Micro
    nutrient
    (specify):        ZnSo4              -             F   1   1
    -Dose (kg/ha)     10kg/ha
    -Method of
    application
9   Pest                                                   -   -
    management                           Endosulphon
    - Stem borer      Endosulphon        2 ml/lt of    N
    - Aphid           2 ml/lt of water   water




                                                                   211
                                    Contd…. Table 37 P
10   Disease             Ridomil Mz
     management          72 3gm/kg of
     - Downey            seed          -                        F        1         1
     Mildew
                         -
11   Post harvest        10-12%           10-12% moisture       N        -         -
     management          moisture
12   Weed
     management                        Hand weeding
     - Mechanical        Hand          once, 2 times
                         weeding once, Inter cultivation        N        -         -
                         2 times
                         Inter         -
     - Herbicide         cultivation                            F        1         3
                         Simazine
                         2.5kg/ha
13   Water
     management
     - Number of         10-12            10-12                 N        -         -
       irrigation        irrigation
     - Method of                          Furrow system         N        -         -
     irrigation          Furrow
                         system
14   Land
     management:
     -Salinity/acidity   6-8 PH           6-8 PH                N        -         -
     - Water logging
15   Method of           Mechanical       Manual/Mechanical N            -         -
     harvesting
     Average yield
     (Q/ha)
     - Grain             50-60 qt/ha      40-45 qt/ha           P        4         3,5
     - Fodder            25 ton           18-20                 P        4         3,5

+RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                                +RRF: Resource Rich
Farmer
@ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems

(*) F=Full                P = Partial                     N = Nil

** Code for specific reasons for gap in                 *** Code for farmer proposed
adoption                                           extension
1. Lack of awareness                               1. Demonstration & exposure visits
2. Lack of finance                                 2. Linkage with credit facilities
3. Non availability of Organic manure              3. Adoption of package of practices
4. Non adoption of package of practices            4. Training regarding vermin composting &
                                                   Japanese method of composting
                                                   5. Crop rotation

                                                                                         212
                                            TABLE: 37 Q

GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING
            THE PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME FROM SERICULTURE

 Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – III District: Kolar
 Village: Malamachananahalli Crop: Mulberry cultivation
                                                    Farming systems: I, II, III

 Sl.   Items of           Recommended Existing            Gap in     Specific   Farmer
 No.   package            practice    practice            adoption   reasons    proposed
                                                          (F/P/N)    for the    extension
                                                          (*)        gap (**)   strategy
                                                                                (***)
 1     Sowing:
       planting
       - Time             Pit system        ROW & Pit     P          1          1
       - Method                             system
 2     Varieties          V1 RES 175        M5 & V1       P          4          2
 3     Seed rate per      12100             20,000        P          1          1
       (ha)
 4     Seed treatment     Soaked in         -             F          1          1
                          Bavistin(0.2%)
 5     Organic            20 tons           10 tons       P          3          1
       manure (tons /
       ha)
 6     Fertilizer /
       nutrient (kg/ha)   Straight
       year               fertilizers       15:15:15
       - Basal            300+120+120       17:17:17      F          3          2
       (N+P+k)            kgs               19:19:19
       -Top dress
       (M+)
       Total              -                 -             -          -          -
 7     Method of
       fertilizer use;
       - Basal
       - Top dress        Trench            Trench        N          -          -
 8     Micro nutrient     Vipul
       (specify):         Seriboost
       -Dose (kg/ha)      600 lts/ ha       300 lts/ ha   P          1          1
       -Method of         Spray
       application
 9     Pest
       management
       -Chemical          Integrated pest   DDVP          P          3          4
       -Mechanical        management
       -Physical
 10    Disease

                                                                                       213
     management
     - Rootknot         Neem cake       Neem cake
     powdery            Bavistin (0.2%) 100kg/ha        P   1   1
     mildew             600lts / ha     Bavistin
     - Leaf roller
     Contd…. Table 37 Q
11   Post harvest       -                 -             -   -   -
     management
12   Weed
     management
     - Mechanical       Integrated        Glycel        P   1   1
     - Chemical         method
     - Herbicide

13   Water
     management
     - Number of
       irrigation       Drip irrigation   Flood         P   1   2
     - Method of                          irrigation
     irrigation
     -Drip irrigation

14   Land             -                   -             -   -   -
     management:
     -
     Salinity/acidity
     - Water logging

15   Method of          Secature          Sickle        P   1   5
     harvesting of
     mulberry shoot


16   Any other          -                 -             -   -   -

     Average yield      40,000 / ha       20,000 / ha   P   1   1
     (Q/ha)
     - Grain
     - Fodder
17   Silkworm           CSR2              CB            F   1   1
                        Bivoltine         Multivotine
                        hybrid

18   Rearing            Shoot             Shoot &       P   2   1&2
     method                               tray

19   Disease control    Rearing house     Guttar        F   2   2
                        Disinfections     sprayer
                        with power
                        sprayer
                                                                      214
Use of Bed      3 kgs / 100   P   2   1
Disinfectants   Dfls




                                          215
                                    Contd…. Table 37 Q
20    Mounting        Separate        Mounting in F            2          2
      method          mounting hall open places
                      Use of Plastic with bamboo F             1&2        1&2
                      mountages       mountages
21   Cocoon yield     50 kgs/ 100     60 kgs / dfl  P          2          1,3
     kgs / 100 dfl    dfl
+RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                                +RRF: Resource Rich
Farmer
@ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems

(*) F=Full                   P = Partial           N = Nil

** Code for specific reasons for gap in          *** Code for farmer proposed
adoption                                    extension
1. Lack of awareness                        1. On farm trials & demonstration
2. Lack of finance                          2. Linkage with credit institution or credit
                                            thrift activity in self help group
3. Non availability of material             3. Specific recommended materials tube
                                            introduced
4. Demand of seed material                  4. Existing recommended materials,
                                            available locally
5. Other farmers follow it




                                                                                      216
                                         TABLE: 37 R

GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING
         THE PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME FROM AGRICULTURAL CROPS

 Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – III
 District: Kolar         Village: Malamachananahalli               Crop: Ragi (Rainfed)
                                                                   Farming systems: I, II, III

 Sl.   Items of          Recommended Existing              Gap in      Specific    Farmer
 No.   package           practice    practice              adoption    reasons     proposed
                                                           (F/P/N)     for the     extension
                                                           (*)         gap (**)    strategy
                                                                                   (***)
 1     Sowing:
       planting                            July 2nd wk –
       - Time            June -July        Aug 1st wk      N           6           -
       - Method          drill sowing      Broadcasting    P           1,7         3
 2     Varieties         GPU-28            GPU-28,         N           -           -
                                           HR-911
 3     Seed rate per     15 kgs            25 kg           P
       (ha)
 4     Seed              Azo spirillum     -               F           1,3         1,5
       treatment
 5     Organic           7.5               2.0             P           1,3         1,4
       manure (tons /
       ha)
 6     Fertilizer /
       nutrient
       (kg/ha) year
       - Basal           25:40:25          25:40:0         P           1           1
       (N+P+k)           25                25              -
       -Top dress
       (M+)
       Total             50:40:25         50:40:0          -           -           -
 7     Method of         Line
       fertilizer use;   application, use
       - Basal           of seed cum      Broadcasting     P           1, 5        1, 3
       - Top dress       fertilizer drill
 8     Pest
       management                -                 -           -              -           -
 9     Disease            Blast tolerant
       management         varieties are            -           -              -           -
                              used
 10    Post harvest
       management          Threshing           Threshing       -              -           -
 11    Weed
       management
       - Mechanical        Isoproturon          Manual         P              3           6
                                                                                              217
- Chemical    1gm/ltr of
- Herbicide     water




                           218
      Contd…. Table 37R
12    Method of
      harvesting           Manual/        Manual/ 10%         P        1,5
                          Mechanical      Mechanical

14    Average yield
      (Q/ha)
      - Grain             15-20qtl/ha     10-15 qtls/ha       P        1,5,6          1,3
      - Fodder

+RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                                +RRF: Resource Rich
Farmer
@ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems

(*) F=Full                P = Partial                     N = Nil

** Code for specific reasons for gap in               *** Code for farmer proposed
adoption                                         extension
1. Lack of awareness                             1Training & demonstration
2. Lack of finance                               2. Linkage with credit institution
3. Non availability of material                  3. Creating awareness regarding merits of
                                                 drill sowing
4.Delayed onset of monsoons                      4. Training regarding improved methods of
                                                 composting
5.Higher cost of cultivation                     5.Ensure availability of biofertilizer

                                                 6.Ensure availability of weedicide
6.Method of sowing
                                                 7.Ragi harvester should be made available
                                                 at subsidized rates.




                                                                                            219
                                          TABLE: 37 S

GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING
           THE PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME FROM AGRICULTURAL CROPS
 Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – III
 District: Kolar         Village: Malamachananahalli Crop: Ragi (Irrigated)
                                                      Farming systems: I, II, III

 Sl.   Items of           Recommended Existing               Gap in     Specific   Farmer
 No.   package            practice    practice               adoption   reasons    proposed
                                                             (F/P/N)    for the    extension
                                                             (*)        gap (**)   strategy
                                                                                   (***)
 1     Sowing:
       planting           May-july           May-july        N          -          -
       - Time             Transplanting      Transplanting   N          -          -
       - Method
 2     Varieties          HR 911,            HR 911          N          -          -
                          Gpu-28,            GPU-28
                          Gpu-48
 3     Seed rate per      5 kgs / ha         5 kgs /ha       N          -          -
       (ha)
 4     Seed treatment     Azospirillum       Nil             P          5          2
                          375/gm
 5     Organic            10 tons            3 tons          P          7          5
       manure (tons /
       ha)
 6     Fertilizer /
       nutrient (kg/ha)
       year
       - Basal            50:50:50           50:50:50        N          -          -
       (N+P+k)            50:0:0             50:0:0          N          -          -
       -Top dress
       (M+)
       Total              100:50:50          100:50:50
 7     Method of
       fertilizer use;
       - Basal            Broadcasting       Broadcasting    N          -          -
       - Top dress        Broadcasting       Broadcasting    N          -          -
 8     Micro nutrient
       (specify):
       -Dose (kg/ha)      Zinc sulphate                      F          6          2
       -Method of         10 kgs             No
       application        Broadcasting                       F
 9     Pest               -                  -               -          -          -
       management
 10    Disease            Use of resistant   Use of          N          -          -
       management         varieties          resistant
       Blast                                 varieties

                                                                                         220
11    Post harvest       By thresher      By labour       F           4          4
      management
      Contd…. Table 37 S
12    Weed
      management
      - Mechanical       Mechanical       By labour       P           4          2
      - Herbicide        Isoproturon      -               F           6
                         1 gm/lt of
                         water
13    Water
      management
      - Number of        8-10             8-10            N           -          -
        irrigation
      - Method of        Ridges &         Ridges &        N           -          -
      irrigation         Furrows          Furrows
      -Drip irrigation
14    Land
      management:
      -                  Nil              Nil             -           -          -
      Salinity/acidity   Nil              Nil             -           -          -
      - Water
      logging
      Average yield
      (Q/ha)
      - Grain            30-45 Qts/ha     25 Qts/ha       P           1,2,4      2,4
      - Fodder           9 Tonns          5 tonns

+RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                                +RRF: Resource Rich
Farmer
@ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems

(*) F=Full                P = Partial                  N = Nil

** Code for specific reasons for gap in               *** Code for farmer proposed
adoption                                         extension
1. Non use of Zinc sulphate                      1.Farmers may be supplied Zn sulphate at
                                                   subsidized rate
2.Transplanting of 20 days old seedling          2. Conduct Demonstration
3. Non use of Herbicides                         3. Herbicides to be supplied at subsidized
                                                 rate
4. Non use of Harvesters & Threshers             4. SHG‟s & Co-op institutions should be
                                                    encouraged to purchase Hi-tech
                                                 implements
5.Non availability of bio fertilizers            5. Training regarding vermin composting
6. Lack of awareness
7. Non availability of organic manure




                                                                                         221
                                           TABLE: 37 T

GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING
           THE PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME FROM AGRICULTURAL CROPS
 Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – III
 District: Kolar         Village: Malamachananahalli Crop: Redgram pure crop
                                                      Farming systems: I, II, III

Sl.   Items of           Recommended         Existing      Gap in     Specific   Farmer
No.   package            practice            practice      adoption   reasons    proposed
                                                           (F/P/N)    for the    extension
                                                           (*)        gap (**)   strategy
                                                                                 (***)
1     Sowing: planting
      - Time
      - Method         May-July              July- Aug     P          4          -
                       Line sowing           Line
                                             sowing
2     Varieties          TTB-7, BRG-2        TTB-7,JS      N          -          -
                         ICP-7035            Hyd-3C
                         Hyd-3C, BRG-1
3     Seed rate per      15 kgs / ha   15 kgs / ha         N          -          -
      (ha)
4     Seed treatment     Rhizobium
                         375gm/ha of
                         seed                Not           F          3          1,4
                         PSB                 followed
                         375gm/ha of
                         seed

5     Organic manure     7.5 MT               2MT          P          5          4
      (tons / ha)
6     Fertilizer /
      nutrient (kg/ha)
      year
      - Basal (N+P+k)    25:50:25            25:50:0       P          1          4
      -Top dress
      Total              25:50:25            25:50:0       -          -          -
7     Method of
      fertilizer use;
      - Basal            Furrow              Furrow        N          -          -
      - Top dress        application         application
8     Pest               IPM-use of          Spray of      F          1          4
      management         pheromone           pesticides
                         traps &HNPV
10    Disease            Use of tolerant     Crop

                                                                                        222
         management          varieties like      rotation
         SterilityMozaic     ICP-7035 Crop                     P          6          5
                             rotation

                                              Contd…. 37 T
11       Post harvest        Store in plastic  Store in    F              1          3,4
         management          drums with 2      gunny bags
         -Storage            inch fine sand
                             on top of the
                             seeds
12       Weed
         management
         - Mechanical        Inter cultivation   Inter         N                     -
                             and manual          cultivation
         - Herbicide         weeding             and manual    -                     -
                                                 weeding
14       Method of           Harvesting &        Harvesting    N          -          -
         harvesting          Threshing           &
                                                 Threshing
        Average yield
        (Q/ha)
        - Grain            12-15 qt/ha       8-10qt/ha    P         1,4        4,5
        - Fodder
     +RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                                +RRF: Resource Rich
     Farmer
     @ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems

     (*) F=Full                 P = Partial                    N = Nil
     ** Code for specific reasons for gap in                *** Code for farmer proposed
     adoption                                          extension
     1. Lack of awareness                              1. Ensure availability of Rhizobium & PSB
     2. Non application of Gypsum                      2. Supply of IPM kits at subsidized rates
     3. Non availability of Biofertilizer              3. Ensure avalaibility of proper storage
                                                       structures
     4. Delayed on set of Monsoon                      4. Training & Method Demonstration
     5. Non availability of Organic manure             5. Ensure availability of sterlity mosaic
                                                       virus tolerant varieties
     6. Non availability of seeds




                                                                                             223
                                       TABLE: 37 U

GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING
         THE PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME FROM AGRICULTURAL CROPS

 Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – III
 District: Kolar                                            Village: Malamachananahalli
 Crop: Redgram Mixed crop in Ragi                         Farming systems: I, II, III

 Sl.   Items of          Recommended        Existing        Gap in     Specific   Farmer
 No.   package           practice           practice        adoption   reasons    proposed
                                                            (F/P/N)    for the    extension
                                                            (*)        gap (**)   strategy
                                                                                  (***)
 1     Sowing:
       planting          June-July          July-Aug
       - Time                                               P          1          -

       - Method          Line sowing
 2     Varieties         TTB-7              TTB-7           N          -          -
                         Hyd-3C             Hyd-3C
 3     Seed rate per     Ragi 13 kgs / ha   Ragi 20 kgs     p          2          1
       (ha)              +Tur 7.5kg         / ha +Tur
                                            5kg
 4     Seed              Rhyzobium                -         F          3          2
       treatment         375gm
                         PSB375gm
 5     Organic           7.5 MT             2MT             P          4          4
       manure (tons /
       ha)
 6     Fertilizer /
       nutrient
       (kg/ha) year
       - Basal           50:40:25           18:46:0         P          5          1
       (N+P+k)
       -Top dress
       Total             50:40:25           18:46:0
 7     Method of
       fertilizer use;
       - Basal           Furrow             Furrow          N          -          -
       - Top dress       application        application
 9     Pest              Endosulfan         Followed        N          -          -
       management        2ml/ltr of water
                         Malathion 10kg
                         /ha

                                                                                          224
10    Disease          -                  -               -           -            -
      management
11    Post harvest     Sun drying &       Sun dried &     P           5            5
      management       Storage in         Stored in
      -Storage         containers with    gunny bags
                       2‟‟ sand on top
      Contd…. Table 37 U
12    Weed
      management
      - Mechanical     Manual             Manual          N

      - Herbicide      Nil                Nil             -
13    Method of        Manual             Manual          N           -            -
      harvesting
      Average yield
      (Q/ha)
      - Grain        15-20            8-10          P          1,6        1,3
      - Fodder       qts/ha(ragi)     qts/ha(ragi)
                     2.5 qt/ha(Tur)   1qt/ha
+RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                                +RRF: Resource Rich
Farmer
@ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems

(*) F=Full                  P = Partial                   N = Nil
** Code for specific reasons for gap in                *** Code for farmer proposed
adoption                                          extension
1.Delayed onset of Rains                          1. Training & method demonstration
2. At every 8 ft spacing one row of tur is sown   2. Ensure timely availability of bio-fertilizer
3.non availability of bio fertilizers             3. create awareness regarding use of high
                                                  yielding varieties
4.Non availability of organic manure              4. Training regarding vermicomposting
5. Lack of awareness                              5. Ensure availability of storage structures
6. Use of local varieties




                                                                                             225
                                     TABLE: 38

TYPE OF FARMING SITUATION UNDER WHICH IMPORTANT HORTICULTURAL
                     CROPS ARE CULTIVATED


    Name Of District: Kolar

    Representative village: Thotli                       Name of Crop: Tomato

    Crop: Tomato

    Name of agro-ecological situation: I                 Area in ha: 40 ha

    Sl. Farming     Area and % under different farming situation          Total
    No. situation   EFS-I     EFS-2      EFS-3      EFS-4        EFS-5
        *           Area % Area % Area % Area % Area % Area %
    01 Irrigated    -     -   -     -    16      40 10      25 14      35 40    100

         Total




                                     TABLE: 38

TYPE OF FARMING SITUATION UNDER WHICH IMPORTANT HORTICULTURAL
                     CROPS ARE CULTIVATED


    Name Of District: Kolar

    Representative village: Achepally                    Name of Hort: Tomato

    Crop: Tomato, Brinjal

    Name of agro-ecological situation: II                Area in ha; 4.0 ha

   Sl. Farming Area and % under different farming situation                  Total
   No. situation EFS-I   EFS-2      EFS-3        EFS-4      EFS-5

                                                                                     226
    *         Area % Area % Area   %      Area   %   Area   %   Area   %
1   Tomato    -    - -    - 4      15     -      -   -      -   4      15
2   Brinjal   -    - -    - 2      7.5    -      -   -      -   2      7.5
    Total                   6      22.5   -      -   -      -   6      22.5




                                                                       227
                                          TABLE: 39 A

GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
            PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME FROM HORTICULTURAL CROPS

     Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – I
     District: Kolar                Village: Thotli                Crop: Cabbage
                                                               Farming systems: I, II, III, IV, V

     Sl. Items of            Recommended        Existing           Gap in     Specific   Farmer
     No. package             practice           practice           adoption   reasons    proposed
                                                                   (F/P/N)    for the    extension
                                                                   (*)        gap        strategy
                                                                              (**)       (***)
     1    Variety            Pride of India,    NS-21,NS-22
                             late drum head,    US4122             N
                             early drum head,   Private hybrids                   -           -
                             Pvt hybrids
     2    Spacing (cms)      45 x 30 cm         45 x 30 cm         N
                             45 x 60 cm         45 x 60 cm                        -           -
     3    Manure             25 T/ ha           17 T/ ha           P
          (kg/plant)                                                              5          5
     4    Major nutrients:
          (N+P+K)
          - Dose             150:100:125/KG 153:153:153/kg P                      4          6,7
          (Kg/ha)            Soil           Soil
          - Method of
          application
     5    Micro-nutrient
          - Dose
          (kg/plant)         -                  -                  -          -          -
          - Method of
          application
     6    Weed
          management
          - Around the       Hand weeding       Hand weeding       N              -           -
          plants             in between rows    in between
          - In between the                      rows
          rows
     7    Pest
          management
          - Diamond back     IPM technology     Not followed       F              1          2,4
          moth               Endosulfan         Endosulfan         N              -           -
          - Aphids           2ml/lt             2ml/lt
     8    Disease
          management         Copper-
          -Leaf spot         oxychloride        Not followed       F              1          2
                              3 gm / lt
          Downy mildew       Ridomil 2gm/lt     Ridomil 2gm/lt     N          -          -
                             of water           of water

                                                                                              228
      Contd… Table 39A
9   Water
    management
    - Number of        20-25            20-22            N             -              -
      irrigations      Furrow           Furrow
    - Method of
    irrigation
10 Harvesting          Manual           Manual           N
    - Method
    - Time (hour)                                                      -              -
11 Farm level          Grading as per   Grading as per N
    processing         size             size
    Grading                                                            -              -
    Packing
    Processing
    Storage (month)
12 Marketing
    - Location of
    market                                                             -              -
    - Distance from                     15 kms
    farm
    - Mode of                           By road
    transport                           (Lorry)
    - Marketing by
    individual/group
    - Any other
    Average yield      20-25 tons       18-20 tons       P            1,3            2,6
    (T/ha)
+RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                                +RRF: Resource Rich
Farmer
@ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems

(*) F=Full                 P = Partial                N = Nil

** Reasons for gaps:                                *** Farmer proposed extension
                                                strategies:
1. Lack of awareness                            1. Mass media
2. High residual effect of fertilizer manure    2. Demonstration & exposure visits
used in
   previous crop
3. . Fear of loss of yield if dose is reduced   3. Linkage with credit Institutions
4 . Lack of finance                             4. Supply of IPM kits at subsidized rates
5 Non availability of FYM                       5. Training regarding improved methods of
                                                compost making
                                                6. Training regarding judicial use of
                                                fertilizers and importance of soil testing
                                                7. creating awareness by conducting soil
                                                health campaign


                                                                                       229
                                             TABLE: 39 B

GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
            PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME FROM HORTICULTURAL CROPS

     Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – II       District: Kolar       Village: Thotli
     Crop: Tamarind                                          Farming systems: I, II, III, IV, V

     Sl. Items of            Recommended        Existing          Gap in     Specific    Farmer
     No. package             practice           practice          adoption   reasons     proposed
                                                                  (F/P/N)    for the     extension
                                                                  (*)        gap         strategy
                                                                             (**)        (***)
     1    Variety            Local             Seedling           P          Earlier     Ensure
                             Selections\graphs progenies                     planted     availability
                                                                             trees are   of
                                                                             local       selections
                                                                             varieties   /graphs in
                                                                                         sufficient
                                                                                         numbers
     2    Spacing (mts)      10 mt x 10 mt      Mostly it is      N
                                                grown as
                                                border trees
     3    Manure             25 kg/ plant       -                 F          1,3         1,2
          (kg/plant)
     4    Major nutrients:
          (N+P+K)            365:90:340         No fertilizer     F          3           2,4
          - Dose             gm / tree          application
          (Kg/plant)
          - Method of
          application 10
          year old tree
     5    Micro-nutrient     -                  -                 -          -           -
          - Dose
          (kg/plant)
          - Method of
          application
     6    Weed
          management
          upto 6-8 years     Intercultivation           -         P          3           1
          - Around the
          plants
          - In between the
          rows
     7    Pest               Orchard should
          management         be weed tree
                             Fruit bores-2gm    -                 F          2           4

                                                                                               230
                          malathion/lt of
                          water

      Contd… Table 39 B
8     Disease
      management
9     Water               From 1-3 years       No irrigation   F          2         3
      management          Pot irrigate every   is given
      - Number of         week. Later raise
        irrigation        as rainfed crop
      - Method of
      irrigation
10    Harvesting          Manual
      - Method
      - Time (hour)                            Manual          N
11    Farm level
      processing                               Separation of
      Grading             Separation of        pulp from       N          -         -
      Packing             pulp from seeds      seeds
      Processing
      Storage (month)
12    Marketing
      - Location of                            15 kms
      market
      - Distance from
      farm
      - Mode of           -                    Road (Truck)    -          -         -
      transport
      - Marketing by
      individual/group                         Individual
      - Any other
      Average yield       15-20 kg / tree      1-1.5 T/ha      P          2,3,4     1,3,4
      (T/ha)              1.5-2T/ha

+RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                                +RRF: Resource Rich
Farmer
@ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems
(*) F=Full              P = Partial                N = Nil

** Reasons for gaps:                                 *** Farmer proposed extension
                                                  strategies:
1. Lack of awareness                              1. Grow sun hemp/pulses/vegetables as inter
                                                  crop
2. Tamarind is grown as hardly crop               2. Training & exposure visit
3. Negligence towards maintenance                 3. Linkage with credit Institutions
4. Fear of loss of yield it dose is reduced       4. Thrift activity in self help groups
5. Lack of finance




                                                                                            231
                                            TABLE: 39 C

GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
            PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME FROM HORTICULTURAL CROPS

     Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – II       District: Kolar    Village: Thotli
     Crop: Chillies                                       Farming systems: I, II, III, IV, V

     Sl. Items of            Recommended Existing              Gap in     Specific   Farmer
     No. package             practice    practice              adoption   reasons    proposed
                                                               (F/P/N)    for the    extension
                                                               (*)        gap (**)   strategy
                                                                                     (***)
     1    Variety            G-3              US-515, UA
                             Gowribidanur     635,
                                              Tejaswini,       N          -          -
                                              Balwant, G-3

     2    Spacing (cms)      75 cms x 45      75cms x 45       N          -          -
                             cms              cm

     3    Manure             25 T / ha        10 T/ha          P          1          5,6
          (kg/plant)

     4    Major nutrients:   75:75:75         150:75:75        P          1          2,7
          (N+P+K)            Kg / ha          Kg / ha
          - Dose
          (Kg/ha)
          Top dressing        75 kg/ha        46kg/ha          N          -          -
                             150:75:75        76:30:30
          - Method of        Soil             soil
          application 10
          year old tree

     5    Micro-nutrient
          - Dose
          (kg/plant)         -                -                -          -          -
          - Method of
          application

     6    Weed
          management         In between the   In between the
          up to 6-8 years    rows             rows
          - Around the                                         N          -          -

                                                                                           232
plants             -   -
- In between the
rows




                           233
        Contd… Table 39 C
  8      Disease
         management
         - Leaf curl          Carboryl-4       Not followed       P            1         2
         - Powdery            gm/lt
         mildew               Sulphur 3gm/ lt Sulphur 3gm/ N                   -         -
   9     Water
         management
         - Number of          20-28            22-28              N            -         -
           irrigation         Furrow           Furrow
         - Method of
         irrigation
   10 Special
         practices
         -Training            -                -                  -            -         -
         -Prunning
         -Girdling
         -Bahar
         -Treatment
   11 Harvesting              Manual           Manual             N            -         -
         - Method
         - Time (hour)
   12 Marketing
         - Location of
         market                                15 kms
         - Distance from -                                        -            -         -
         farm                                  Tractor
         - Mode of
         transport
         - Marketing by
         individual/group                      Individual
         - Any other
         Average yield        20-25 tons       18-19              P            4,5       2,6
         Green
         chillies(T/ha)
   +RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                                        +RRF: Resource Rich
   Farmer
   @ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems
   (*) F=Full                   P = Partial                  N = Nil
** Reasons for gaps:                              *** Farmer proposed extension strategies:
1. Lack of awareness                              1. Mass media
2. . High residual effect of fertilizer manure    2. Demonstrations & exposure visits
used in previous crop
3. Fear of loss of yield it dose is reduced       3. Linkage with credit Institutions
4 Lack of finance                                 4. Thrift activity in self help groups
5. Negligence towards adoption of suitable        5. Enhancing subsidy towards construction of
control measures for pests & diseases             vermin compost structures
                                                  6. Training re4garding improved methods of
                                                  composting
                                                                                            234
                                                    7. Conducting soil health campaigns
                                                TABLE: 39 D

GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE PRODUCTIVITY /
                          INCOME FROM HORTICULTURAL CROPS

         Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – I        District: Kolar      Village: Thotli
         Crop: Banana                                           Farming systems: I, II, III, IV, V

     Sl.     Items of           Recommended         Existing            Gap in        Specific   Farmer
     No.     package            practice            practice            adoption      reasons    proposed
                                                                        (F/P/N) (*)   for the    extension
                                                                                      gap (**)   strategy
                                                                                                 (***)
     1       Variety            Puvan,              Robusta
                                Robusta             D.Cavendish
                                Rasabale            Elakki              N             -          -
                                Dwarf -cavendish
                                Nendran, Elakki
     2       Spacing (mts)      2 mt x 2 mt         2 mt x 2 mt         N             -          -
     3       Manure             25 kg / plant       15 kg / plant       N             1          7
             (kg/plant)
             Before planting
     4       Major nutrients:
             (N+P+K)            180:108:225         158:158:251
             - Dose gm/plant    3 split doses       3 split doses
             - Method of        application after   application after   P             1&4        1
                                2nd , 4th &         2nd, 4th & 6th
                                6th month after     month after
                                planting            planting
     5       Micro-nutrient     -                   -                   -             -          -
             - Dose
             (kg/plant)
             - Method of
             application
     6       Weed
             management
             Weedicide          Semazine 6 kg /     Manual weeding F                  1          1
             - Around the       ha
             plants
             - In between the
             rows




                                                                                                 235
     Contd…. Table 39 D
7    Pest             Before planting
     management       10 gm carbofuron     -
     1. Rhizome       per pit or                             N   -         -
        weevil        chloropyriphos 2     Chloropyriphos
                      ml/lt of water &     2 ml / lt &
                      drench the           drench the
                      rhizome              rhizome
     2. Pseudostem    1. 2 ml mono-
        weevil        crotophos. The       Not followed      F   5         1,8
                      holes in the
                      pseudostem
                      should be filled
     3. Aphlids       1 ml                 In elakki var
                      monocrotophos        Not followed as
                      spray on leaves      per the         F     1         1,8
                                           recommendation
8    Disease         1)Use disease         Not followed    F     2         2 &3
     management      free seedlings.
     1. Panama wilt  2) 2gm
                     carbendizim per lt    Followed          P   1         1
                     of water
                     3)up root the
                     plants& destroy.
                     4)Use resistant
                     variety puvan
                     1. Destroy the        Plants are
     2. Bunchy top & plants                uprooted at
     mosaic virus    2. use disease free   advanced stages   F   1,2 & 5   1,2 &3
                     seedlings
     3. Stem rot     Remove outer          Remove outer      N   -         -
                     leaves & treat        leaves & treat
                     leaves with           leaves with
                     Bordeaux mixture      Bordeaux
                                           mixture
     4. Leaf spot     1 gm carbendizim     Followed          N   -         -
                      per lt of water
9    Water             Irrigate every 4-5 Irrigate every     N   -         -
     management       days .              4-5 days .
     - Number of      Drip irrigation     -                  F   1         1cSAD
       irrigation     12-20lt / day /
     - Method of      plant
     irrigation
10   Special          1.Desuckering        Desuckering       N   -         -
     practices        2. Propping &        Propping          N   -         -
                      Staking
                      3.Covering fruit     Not followed      F   1         1
                      bunches
                                                                           236
                                                Contd…. Table 39 D
 11       Harvesting        Manual               Manual
          - Method          harvesting of        harvesting of  N                 -             -
          - Time (hour)     bunches              bunches
 12       Farm level        150 PPM G.Acid       Not followed   F                 1             1
          processing        treatment or If
          Grading           packed in sealed
          Packing           polythene bag
          Processing        after harvesting
          Storage (month)   ripening can be
                            prolonged for 10-
                            12 days
 13       Marketing                                                 -             -             -
          - Location of                          15 Km
          market
          - Distance from                        30 Km
          farm
          - Mode of                              Road(Lorry)
          transport
          - Marketing by                         Individual
          individual/group
          - Any other
          Average yield    20-30 tons            18-22 tons.        P             1,2 &3        1,2 ,3&4
          (T/ha) (Vari-
          Elakki)

      +RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                                +RRF: Resource Rich
      Farmer
      @ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems
      (*) F=Full              P = Partial                N = Nil

** Reasons for gaps:                                         *** Farmer proposed extension strategies:
1. Lack of awareness                                       1. Training and exposure visits
2. Seedlings are procured from unreliable source           2. Use of healthy & disease free seedlings
3. Excess supply of water, in order to get higher yields   3. Procure seedlings from reliable sources
4. Imbalance use of fertilizers per plant                  4. Vegetables should be taken as inter crop
5. Lack of proper identification of pests & diseases       5. Use of resistant varieties
                                                           6. Disease free seedlings should be made available
                                                           at reliable sources.
                                                           7. Training regarding improved methods of
                                                           composting.
                                                           8. Training regarding identification of pests and
                                                           diseases and adoption of suitable control measures.




                                                                                               237
                                              TABLE: 39 E

GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
            PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME FROM HORTICULTURAL CROPS

      Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – II             District: Kolar      Village: Thotli
    Crop: Watermelon                                                    Farming systems: I, II, III

      Sl. Items of            Recommended Existing                  Gap in     Specific   Farmer
      No. package             practice    practice                  adoption   reasons    proposed
                                                                    (F/P/N)    for the    extension
                                                                    (*)        gap (**)   strategy
                                                                                          (***)
      1    Variety            Arkamanik         NS-2 , NS-5         N          -          -
                              Pvt. Hybrids      Arkamanik
                              Arkajyothi        Sugar baby
      2    Spacing (mts)      2.5– mts X 1      2.5– mts X 1        N          -          -
                              mt                mt
      3    Manure (T/ha)
           Before planting    25 tons           18 tons.            N          -          -
      4    Major nutrients:
           (N+P+K)
           - Dose kg/ha.      100:88:100        80:60:60            P          1,2        4
           - Method of        kg/ ha            kg/ ha
           application
      5    Micro-nutrient
           - Dose
           (kg/plant)         -                 -                   -          -          -
           - Method of
           application
      6    Weed
           management
           - Around the       Manual (hand      Manual (hand        N          -          -
           plants             weeding)          weeding)
           - In between the
           rows
      7    Pest
           management
           1.White fly        Triosophos        Monocrotophos N                -          -
                              1.75ml/lt. Of     2ml/lt of water
           2. Leaf minor      water




                                                                                                238
     Contd… Table 39 E
8    Disease          1.Bavistin        Followed         N   -   -
     management       2 gms/lts
     1. Wilt          2. Crop           Not followed     F   1   1,2
                      rotation
                      3. Water          Not followed     F   1   2
                      should not be
                      flown from
                      disease
                      affected area
                      4. Use of         Followed         N   -   -
                      resistant
                      variety
     2. Anthrocnose   1. Bordeaux
                      mixture spray 3   Capton 1 gm /
                      times             lt of water      P   1   2
                      2.Use of
                      disease free      Not followed     F   1   1,5
                      seeds
                      3. Crop           Not followed     P   1   1,2
                      rotation
     3. Stem rot      Sanitation         Not followed    P   1   2
                      Capton 2gm/lt     Bavistin 2gm
                      or COC            /lt of water     N   -   -
                      2.5gm/lt of
                      water

9    Water
     management
     - Number of       15 ( every 4-6   15 ( every 4-6   N   -   -
       irrigation     days )            days )
     - Method of      Ring and basin    Ring and basin
     irrigation       method            method
10   Special          1) 2-3             Followed        N   -   -
     practices        fruit/plant
     -Training        should be
     -Prunning        retained, rest
     -Girdling        should be
     -Bahar           removed
     -Treatment       2) Fruit when     Not followed     F   1   2
                      lemon size
                      should be
                      dipped in 20
                      ppm G. Acid
11   Harvesting
     - Method         Manual            Manual           N   -   -
     - Time (hour)


                                                                       239
     Contd… Table 39 E
12   Farm level
     processing
     -Grading           Graded           Graded           N          -         -
     -Packing           according to     according to
     -Processing        size             size
     -Storage
     (months)
13   Marketing
     - Location of
     market
     - Distance from
     farm
     - Mode of
     transport                           Road (Lorry)     N          -         -
     - Marketing by                      Individual
     individual/group
     - Any other
     Average yield     Var. 35-50      30-40
     (T/ha)            T/ha                             P         1         2
                       Hyb. 75 T/ha    50-65
+RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                                +RRF: Resource Rich
Farmer
@ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems

(*) F=Full               P = Partial                  N = Nil
** Reasons for gaps:                                *** Farmer proposed extension
                                               strategies:
1. Lack of awareness                           1. Transfer of technology & propogation
                                               through Mass media
2. Timely non availability of organic manure   2. Demonstration
3. High residual effect of fertilizer manure   3. Linkage with credit Institutions
used in previous crop
4. Fear of loss of yield it dose is reduced    4. Training regarding improved methods of
                                               composting
5. Lack of finance                             5. Certified seeds should be procured




                                                                                     240
                                              TABLE: 39 F

GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
            PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME FROM HORTICULTURAL CROPS

     Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – II         District: Kolar        Village: Thotli
     Crop: Carrot                                                  Farming systems: I, II, III

     Sl. Items of            Recommended Existing              Gap in      Specific   Farmer
     No. package             practice    practice              adoption    reasons    proposed
                                                               (F/P/N)     for the    extension
                                                               (*)         gap (**)   strategy
                                                                                      (***)
     1.   Variety            Pusa kesar         NS-820
                             Nantis half        Tokito,
                             long, Kurudo,      S601,          N           -          -
                             Giant jantani,      Private
                             HYV                varieties .
     2.   Spacing (mts)      0.22mts x          0.22mts x      N           -          -
                             0.10mts            0.10mts
     3.   Manure (T/ha)      25 ton s           15 tons        P           2          4
          Before planting
     4    Major nutrients:   75:63:50           90-50-50       P           1&4        2
          (N+P+K)            Kg/ha              Kg/ha
          - Dose gm/plant
          - Method of
          application
     5.   Micro-nutrient
          - Dose
          (kg/plant)         -                  -              -           -          -
          - Method of
          application
     6.   Weed
          management
          Herbicide-         Pendimethalin      Not followed   P           1          2
                             2.5lt/ha or
                             Oxyflorofin
                             400 ml/ha
                                                Followed
          Around the         Manual                            N           -          -
          plants             weeding in
          - In between the   between rows
          rows               and around the
                             plants




                                                                                             241
  7.    Hopers              4 gm carboryl /   Followed
        Aphids              lt of water
        Weevils             spray after 4,7
                            & 10 weeks of                      N           -           -
                            sowing

        Contd.. Table F
  8.    Disease
        management
        Leaf spot           DM-45             followed         N           -           -
                            2.5gm/lt of
                            water
        powdery             3gm sulphur/lt    Not followed     F           1           2
        mildew              of water
  9.    Water
        management          Every 4-5 days
        - Number of
          irrigation        18 irrigations    15 irrigations
        - Method of                                            N           -           -
        irrigation
  10.   Harvesting          Manual            Manual           N           -           -
        - Method
        - Time (hour)
  11    Marketing
        - Location of                         15 kms           N           -           -
        market
        - Distance from
        farm
        - Mode of                             Road(Tempo)
        transport
        - Marketing by
        individual/group                      Individual
        - Any other
        Average yield       20T / ha          15-18            P           1           2,4
        (T/ha)

  +RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                                +RRF: Resource Rich
  Farmer
  @ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems
  (*) F=Full              P = Partial                N = Nil

** Reasons for gaps:                                    *** Farmer proposed extension
                                                       strategies:
1. Lack of awareness                                   1.Propogation through Mass media
2. Lack of availability of FIM                         2. Demonstration
3. High residual effect of fertilizers & manure        3. Linkage with credit Institutions
used in previous crop
4. Fear of loss of yield if dose is reduced            4. Training regarding improved methods of
                                                       composting
5. Lack of finance
                                                                                             242
                                             TABLE: 39 G

GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
            PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME FROM HORTICULTURAL CROPS

     Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – I        District: Kolar      Village: Thotli
     Crop: Tomato                                          Farming systems: I, II, III

     Sl. Items of            Recommended Existing            Gap in     Specific   Farmer
     No. package             practice    practice            adoption   reasons    proposed
                                                             (F/P/N)    for the    extension
                                                             (*)        gap (**)   strategy
                                                                                   (***)
     1.   Variety            Pusa-Ruby,        Abhinav,
                             Arka-Saurab,      M2,           N          -          -
                             Abhijith, Pvt     Sudharshan,
                             Hybrids           Namdari
     2.   Spacing (mts)      0.75 mtX0.60      0.75          N          -          -
                             mt                mtX0.60 mt
     3.   Manure             Vars: 25 tons     Vars: 12      P          5          4
          (kg/plant)         Hybs:38 tons      tons
          Before planting                      Hybs :18      P          5          4
                                               tons
     4.   Major nutrients:
          (N+P+K)
          - Dose kg/ha       250:250:250       300:300:300 P            1          5
          - Method of        kg/ha             kg/ha
          application
     5/   Micro-nutrient
          - Dose                              Micro
          (kg/plant)         25 kg/ha         nutrients     N           -          -
          - Method of        Soil application spray 3 ml/lt
          application                         of water
     6.   Weed
          management
          - Around the       Manual            Manual        N          -          -
          plants
          - In between the   Manual            Manual        N          -          -
          rows
     7.   Pest               IPM               Not           F          1          6
          management                           followed
          Fruit borer

                                                                                           243
8.    Disease                             Bavistine 2
      management         3gm sulphur /    gm/lt of
      Powdery            litre of water   water       N       -           -
      mildew                              Confidor
                         Triosophos       1ml /lt of
      Leaf curl          2ml/lt of water water or     P       1,6         1,6
                         or confidor 0.5 regent
                         ml/lt of water   2ml/lt
                                        Contd… Table 39 G
9.    Water              Thrice weekly
      management         Flood/ Drip      Thrice
      - Number of                         weekly      N       -           -
        irrigation                        Flood /Drip
      - Method of
      irrigation
10.   Special
      practices
      -Training          Training &     Training &   N        -           -
      -Prunning          staking        Staking
      -Girdling
      -Bahar
      -Treatment
11.   Harvesting
      - Method           Picking        Picking      -        -           -
      - Time (hour)
12.   Farm level
      processing
      -Grading
      -Packing           Grading        Grading      N        -           -
      -Processing
      -torage(month)
13.   Marketing
      - Location of
      market
      - Distance from    -              Marketing
      farm                              by
      - Mode of                         individual
      transport
      - Marketing by
      individual/group
      - Any other
      Average yield      50000-75000    20000-       P        1&2         1
      (T/ha)             kgs/ha         40000
                                        kgs/ha
+RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                                +RRF: Resource Rich
Farmer
@ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems
(*) F=Full              P = Partial                N = Nil
** Reasons for gaps:                             *** Farmer proposed extension
                                            strategies:

                                                                                 244
     1. Lack of awareness                          1. Training, demonstration
     2. Financial problems                         2. Providing credit facilities
     3. Market Glut                                3. Providing proper marketing facilities.
     4. Lack of market information                 4. Encouraging vermin composting by
                                                   enhancing the subsidy
     5. Non availability of FYM                    5. Training regarding importance of soil
                                                   testing and judicial use of fertilizer.
     6. Use of higher dose of chemical to achieve  6. Training regarding integrated pests
     immediate control                             management
                                           TABLE: 39 H

GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
            PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME FROM HORTICULTURAL CROPS

     Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – II       District: Kolar     Village: Achepally
     Crop: Tomato                                        Farming systems: I, II, III

     Sl   Items of            Recommended Existing              Gap in     Specific    Farmer
     .    package             practice    practice              adoption   reasons     proposed
     N                                                          (F/P/N)    for the     extension
     o.                                                         (*)        gap (**)    strategy
                                                                                       (***)
     1.   Variety             Arka Saurab      Pvt hybrids      N          -           -
                              Abhijit
     2.   Spacing (mts)       0.75x 0.60 mts   0.75x 0.60 mts   N          -           -
     3.   Manure (t/ha)       Varity- 25t/ha   12t/ha           P          3           1,5
          Before planting     Hybrids-38t/ha   16t/ha
     4.   Major nutrients:
          (N+P+K)
          - Dose Kg/ha        250:250:250      280:280:280      P          1           1
          - Method of         Row
          application         application
     5.   Micro-nutrient
          - Dose (kg/plant)
          - Method of         Soil application Multiplex        N          1           1
          application         25Kg / ha
     6    Weed
          management
          - Around the        Manual           Manual           N          -           -
          plants
          - In between the
          rows
     7    Pest management     IPM techniques Not followed       F          1           4
          - Fruit borer       Maize as trap
                              crop
     8    Disease
          management
          Powdery mildew      3gm sulphur /    Bavistine 2      N          -           -
                              litre of water   gm/lt of water
          Leaf curl           Triosophos       Confidor 1ml

                                                                                               245
                         2ml/lt of water   /lt of water or    P        1,6        1,6
                         or confidor 0.5   regent 2ml/lt of
                         ml/lt of water    water
9    Water               Thrice weekly
     management          Flood/ Drip       Thrice weekly
     - Number of                           Flood /Drip        N        -          -
       irrigation
     - Method of
     irrigation

     Contd… Table 39 H
10 Special practices
   -Training
   -Prunning             Training &        Training &         N        -          -
   -Girdling             staking           Staking
   -Bahar
   -Treatment
11 Harvesting
   - Method              Picking           Picking            -        -          -
   - Time (hour)
12 Farm level
   processing
   -Grading
   -Packing              Grading           Grading            N        -          -
   -Processing
   -torage(month)
13 Marketing
   - Location of
   market
   - Distance from                         15km
   farm
   - Mode of                               Road (Tractor)
   transport
   - Marketing by
   individual/group
   - Any other
                                           Individual
     Average yield       Var- 30-40 t/ha   35t/ha             P        4          3
     (T/ha)              Hyb-50-75t/ha     45-50t/ha

+RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                                +RRF: Resource Rich
Farmer
@ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems
(*) F=Full              P = Partial                N = Nil

** Reasons for gaps:                                   *** Farmer proposed extension
                                                  strategies:
1. Lack of awareness                              1. Demonstration & Exposure visits
2. Lack of Finance                                2. Linkage with credit institutions
3. Non availability of materials                  3. Adoption of package of practices
                                                                                        246
     4. Non adoption of package of practice          4. IPM Training & supply of IPM kits
                                                     5. Encouraging organic farming




                                               TABLE: 39 I

GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
            PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME FROM HORTICULTURAL CROPS

     Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – II        District: Kolar      Village: Achepally
     Crop: Onion                                     Farming systems: I, II, III


     Sl. Items of            Recommended Existing                Gap in     Specific   Farmer
     No. package             practice    practice                adoption   reasons    proposed
                                                                 (F/P/N)    for the    extension
                                                                 (*)        gap (**)   strategy
                                                                                       (***)
     1    Variety            Pusa red, Rose     Pusa red, N-
                             onion, Bellary,    53               N          -          -
                             arkakirtima,
                             arkalalima
                             N-53
     2    Spacing (mts)      0.15 x 0.10 mt     0.15 x 0.10 mt   N          -          -
     3    Manure             30 Tons            10-15 Tons       P          1,3        5
          (kg/plant)
     4    Major nutrients:
          (N+P+K)
          - Dose kg/ha       125:50:125 kg      100:50:60 kg     P          1,4        1
          - Method of
          application
     6    Weed
          management
          - Around the       Hand weeding       Hand weeding     N          -          -
          plants             in between the     in between the
          - In between the   rows               rows
          rows
     7    Pest               Dimethoate         Dimethoate
          management         1.7ml/lt of        1.7ml/lt of      P          1          1
          - Thrips           water              water
          - Cut worm
     8    Disease
          management

                                                                                            247
     - Smut             Seed treatment    Not followed    P          1          1
     - Alternaria       with captan
                        2gm/lt of water
     blight             DM-45 2gm/lt      DM – 45
                        of water          2gm/lt of water N          -          -
9    Water
     management
     - Number of        22 irrigations    20              N          -          -
       irrigation
     - Method of
     irrigation

     Contd… Table 39 I
11  Harvesting
    - Method           Digging of      Digging of       N         -         -
    - Time (hour)      bulbs           bulbs
12 Farm level
    processing
    -Grading           Grading         Grading          N         -         -
    -Packing           Sun Drying      Sun Drying
    -Processing
    -torage(month)
13 Marketing
    - Location of                                       -         5         6
    market
    - Distance from
    farm
    - Mode of                          Road(Tractor)
    transport
    - Marketing by                     Individual
    individual/group
    - Any other
    Average yield      20 Tons         12-15 Tons       P         1,4       1,3
    (T/ha)
+RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                                +RRF: Resource Rich
Farmer
@ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems

(*) F=Full               P = Partial                  N = Nil
** Reasons for gaps:                                *** Farmer proposed extension
                                               strategies:
1. Lack of awareness                           1 Demonstration & exposure visits
2. Lack of Finance                             2. Linkage with credit facilities
3. Non availability of FYM                     3. Training regarding adoption of package
                                               of practices
4. Non adoption of package of practices        4. IPM
                                               5. Training regarding vermi composting




                                                                                      248
                                                 TABLE: 39 J

GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE PRODUCTIVITY /
                          INCOME FROM HORTICULTURAL CROPS

       Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – II          District: Kolar        Village: Achepally
       Crop: Brinjal                                                       Farming systems: I, II, III

       Sl. Items of            Recommended Existing                Gap in       Specific    Farmer
       No. package             practice    practice                adoption     reasons     proposed
                                                                   (F/P/N)      for the     extension
                                                                   (*)          gap (**)    strategy
                                                                                            (***)
       1    Variety            Arka Sheel,         Local, Arka     N            -           -
                                Arka Shirish,      Navaneet,
                               Arka Navaneet,      Pvt HYV
                               Pvt. HYV
       2    Spacing (mts)      0.75 x 0.60         0.75 x 0.60     N            -           -
       3    Manure (T/ha)      25 Tons             10-15Tons       P            1,3         1,5
       4    Major nutrients:
            (N+P+K)            125:100:50 kg       110:90:40kg     P            1           1,6
            - Dose kg/ha
            - Method of
            application
       6    Weed
            management
            - Around the       Manual              Manual          N            -           -
            plants             weeding             weeding
            - In between the   around the          around the
            rows               plants and in       plants and in
                               between the         between the
                               rows                rows
       7    Pest
            management
            - Borers           Endosulphan         Endosulphan N                -           -
            - Aphids           2ml/lt of water     2ml/lt of
                                                   water
       8    Disease            Use of              Not
                                                                                                   249
     management         resistant         followed
     - Bacterial wilt   varieties,                      F          1,4         7
     - Virus            Bleaching
                        powder 8
                        kg/acre
9    Water
     management
     - Number of        20 irrigations    16-17         N          -           -
       irrigation                         irrigations
     - Method of        Furrow            Furrow        N          -           -
     irrigation                           Furrow



     Contd… Table 39 J
11   Harvesting
     - Method           Hand picking      Hand          N          -           -
     - Time (hour)                        picking
12   Farm level
     processing
     -Grading           Grading           Grading       N          -           -
     -Packing
     -Processing
     -torage(month)
13   Marketing
     - Location of
     market                                             N          -           -
     - Distance from
     farm
     - Mode of                            Road
     transport                            (Tractor)
     - Marketing by                       Individual    N          -           -
     individual/group
     - Any other
     Average yield
     HYV(T/ha)          30-40 tons        25 tons       P          4           3,6,7
     Local (T/ha)       20 tons           18 tons

+RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                                +RRF: Resource Rich
Farmer
@ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems

(*) F=Full               P = Partial                   N = Nil
** Reasons for gaps:                                 *** Farmer proposed extension
                                                strategies:
1. Lack of awareness                            1. Demonstration & training
2. Lack of Finance                              2. Linkage with credit institutions
3. Non availability of FYM                      3. Adoption of package of practices
4. Non adoption of package of practices         4.Adoption of IPM
                                                5. Encouraging vermi composting by
                                                                                       250
                                                      enhancing subsidy
                                                      6. Creating awareness regarding the use of
                                                      recommended dose of fertilizers.
                                                      7. Training regarding pests & diseases
                                                      management.




                                            TABLE: 39 K

GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE PRODUCTIVITY /
                          INCOME FROM HORTICULTURAL CROPS

       Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – II District: Kolar            Village: Achepally
       Crop: Guava                                                     Farming systems: I, II, III

       Sl. Items of package           Recommended Existing              Gap in      Specific   Farmer
       No.                            practice    practice              adoption    reasons    proposed
                                                                        (F/P/N)     for the    extension
                                                                        (*)         gap        strategy
                                                                                    (**)       (***)
       1    Variety                   Alahabad         Alahalbad        N           -          -
                                      safed,           safed
                                      Lucknow - 49
       2    Spacing (mts)             6 x 6 mt         6 x 6 mt         N           -          -
       3    Manure (kg/plant)         25 kg            15 kg            P           3          4
       4    Major nutrients:
            (N+P+K)
            - Dose kg/ha              300:120:150 kg 200:80:100         P           1          2,5
            - Method of application   Soil           kg
       5    Micro-nutrient
            - Dose (kg/plant)         Soil application Spray            N           -          -
            - Method of application
       6    Weed management           Mechanical/      Manual
            - Around the plants       Manual           weeding
            - In between the rows     weeding          around the       P           2          7
                                      around the       plants and in
                                      plants and in    between the
                                      between the      rows
                                      rows
       7    Pest management
               - Teamosquito          Carboryl 4       Confidor 1
                   Bug                gm/lt or         ml/lt of         N           -          -
                                      Malathion        water
                                                                                                   251
                                2ml/lt of water
     scales                     Neem oil 20        Not followed    F          1,4        2,6
                                ml/lt of water
8    Disease management         Zineb 2 gm/lt
     - Fruit rot                or                 DM-45
                                chlorothalonil     2gm/lt of       F          1          2
                                2 gm               water
9    Water management
     - Number of
       irrigation               Irrigate every Every week          P          4          2
     - Method of irrigation     5-6 days, Ring Ring &Basin
                                &Basin method method


                                            Contd… Table: 39 K
11   Harvesting                                                               -          -
     - Method                   Manual             Manual          N
     - Time (hour)
12   Farm level processing
     -Grading                                      Grading as
     -Packing                   Grading as per     per size        N          -          -
     -Processing                size
     -torage(month)
13   Marketing
     - Location of market
     - Distance from farm
     - Mode of transport        -
     - Marketing by                                                -          -          -
     individual/group                              Road(Tempo)
     - Any other
                                              Individual
    Average yield (T/ha)     28-30 tons       22-24 tons      P         1,4    2,5,6
+RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                                +RRF: Resource Rich
Farmer
@ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems

(*) F=Full                P = Partial                     N = Nil
** Reasons for gaps:                                   *** Farmer proposed extension
                                                  strategies:
1. Lack of awareness                              1. Propogation throughMass media
2. Lack of finance                                2. Demonstrations and exposure visits
3. Lack of availability of organic manure         3. Linkage with credit Institutions
4. Negligence towards maintenance of              4. Training regarding improved methods of
orchards                                          composting
                                                  5. Training regarding use of balanced
                                                  amount of fertilizers
                                                  6. Training regarding soil test preparation
                                                  and use of neem based pesticides
                                                  7. Self help groups should be encouraged to
                                                  purchase power tillers and hand on hire

                                                                                             252
                                                      basis




                                              TABLE: 39 L

GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE PRODUCTIVITY /
                          INCOME FROM HORTICULTURAL CROPS

       Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – II     District: Kolar       Village: Achepally
       Crop: Sapota                                                   Farming systems: I, II, III


       Sl. Items of            Recommended Existing           Gap in      Specific     Farmer
       No. package             practice    practice           adoption    reasons      proposed
                                                              (F/P/N)     for the      extension
                                                              (*)         gap (**)     strategy
                                                                                       (***)
       1    Variety            Cricket ball
                               Kalipatti      PKM-1           N           -            -
                               Calcutta Round Cricket ball,
                                              DHS-1
       2    Spacing (mts)      10 x 10 mt     10 x 10 mt      N           -            -
       3    Manure             50 kg/plant    30 kg/plant     P           1            4
            (kg/plant)
       4    Major nutrients:
            (N+P+K)                             300:300:300
            - Dose gm/Plant    400:160:450      gms/plant   P             1            2 ,5
            - Method of        gms/plant        Ring &
            application        Ring & Basin     Basin       N             -            -
       5    Micro-nutrient
            - Dose
            (kg/plant)         -                -             -           -            -
            - Method of
            application
       6    Weed
            management
            - Around the       Manual           Manual        N           -            -
            plants
            - In between the
            rows
       7    Pest
            management         Carboryl 4
                                                                                              253
     - Thrips           gm/lt
                                           Not
     Fruit fly,         Melathion 2        followed      F         1 ,4        2 ,6
         -              ml/lt
     scales             Neem oil
                        20ml/lt
8    Disease            Zineb 2 gm / lt No disease
     management                         control          F
     - Fruit rot        Sulphur 3 gm/lt measures                   1&3         2&3
     - Scales                           are adopted



     Contd…Table 39 L
9    Water              Irrigate once in   Once in 15
     management         8-10 days ring     days, Ring
     - Number of        & basin            & bsin        N         -           -
       irrigation       method             method
     - Method of
     irrigation
11   Harvesting
     - Method           Manual             Manual        N
     - Time (hour)
12   Farm level
     processing         Graded
     -Grading           as per size         Graded       N
     -Packing                              as per size
     -Processing
     -torage(month)
13   Marketing
     - Location of
     market
     - Distance from                       Road
     farm                                  (Tempo)
     - Mode of
     transport
     - Marketing by                        Individual
     individual/group
     - Any other
     Average yield      10-15 tons         8-10 tons     P         3,4         2,6
     (T/ha)

+RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                                +RRF: Resource Rich
Farmer
@ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems

(*) F=Full               P = Partial                    N = Nil
** Reasons for gaps:                                  *** Farmer proposed extension
                                                 strategies:
1. Lack of awareness                             1. Propogation through mass media
                                                                                      254
       2. Lack of finance                              2. Demonstration & exposure visits
       3. Grown as a hardy crop                        3. Linkage with credit Institutions
       4. Negligence towards maintenance of            4. Training regarding different methods of
       orchards                                        composting
                                                       5. Training regarding judicial use of
                                                       fertilizers
                                                       6. Training regarding pest & disease
                                                       management




                                               TABLE: 39 M

GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE PRODUCTIVITY /
                          INCOME FROM HORTICULTURAL CROPS
       Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – II    District: Kolar             Village: Achepally
       Crop: Mango                                                             Farming systems: I,
       II, III
       Sl. Items of          Recommended Existing            Gap in        Specific      Farmer
       No. package           practice         practice       adoption      reasons       proposed
                                                             (F/P/N)       for the       extension
                                                             (*)           gap (**)      strategy
                                                                                         (***)
       1    Variety            Alphonso,         Alphonso,
                               Baneshan,         Baneshan,
                               Neelam,           Neelam,       N           -             -
                               Totapuri,         Totapuri,
                               Mallika,          Mallika,
                               Raspuri           Raspuri
       2    Spacing (mts)      10 x 10 mt        10 x 10 mt    N           -             -
       3    Manure                               15 kg/plant   P           2             4,5
            (kg/plant)         25 kg/plant
       4    Major nutrients:
            (N+P+K)
            - Dose gm/Plant    730:180:680       350:350:350 F             1             2,6
            - Method of        gms/plant         gms/plant
            application        Soil              Soil
       6    Weed
            management
            - Around the         Manual &        Mannual       F           3             3,7
            plants             Mechanical
            - In between the
            rows
       7    Pest               Carboryl 4        Followed      N           -
            management         gm/lt
            Hopper             Dimethoate 1                                              -
            Fruit fly,         mt/ 10 gm
                               Jaggerry / lt
                                                                                               255
                  Neem oil
    scales        20ml/lt of           Not
                  water             followed   F   1   2
8   Disease
    management    Sulphur 3gm/lt
    Powdery       of water
    mildew        Carbendizm
    Anthracnose   1gm/lt           Followed    N   -   -




                                                           256
        Contd…Table 39 M
  9      Water
         management
         - Number of        -                 Cultivated as N                         -
           irrigation                         rainfed crop
         - Method of
         irrigation
   10 Special
         practices
         -Training
         -Prunning          Pruning           Not followed F              1           1,2
         -Girdling
         -Bahar
         -Treatment
   11 Harvesting            Manual            Manual
         - Method                                              N          -           -
         - Time (hour)
   12 Farm level
         processing
         -Grading           Grading           Grading          N          -           -
         -Packing           Packing           Packing
         -Processing
         -torage(month)
   13 Marketing
         - Location of
         market
         - Distance from                                                  -
         farm                                 Road(Tempo) N                           -
         - Mode of
         transport
         - Marketing by
         individual/group                     Individual
         Average yield      30tons            22 tons          P          1&5         2
         20 yr old
         tree(T/ha)
   +RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                                      +RRF: Resource Rich
   Farmer
   @ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems
   (*) F=Full                 P = Partial                  N = Nil
** Reasons for gaps:                           *** Farmer proposed extension strategies:
1. Lack of awareness                      1.Propogation through Mass media
2. Lack of availability of FYM in         2. Demonstration & exposure visits
sufficient quantity
3. Lack of finance                        3. Linkage with credit Institutions
4. Non adoption of package of practices 4. Training regarding vermi composting
                                          5. ensure availability of green manure seeds
                                          6. Conducting soil health campaigns and training
                                          regarding use of balanced amount of fertilizers.
                                          7. Self help groups should be encouraged to purchase
                                                                                           257
                                               power tillers and lend on hire basis
                                             TABLE: 39 N
GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE PRODUCTIVITY /
                          INCOME FROM HORTICULTURAL CROPS

        Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – II   District: Kolar              Village: Achepally
        Crop: Chilli                                                            Farming systems: I,
        II, III
     Sl. Items of package     Recommended        Existing practice          Gap in       Specific     Farmer
     No                       practice                                      adoption     reasons      proposed
                                                                            (F/P/N)      for the      extension
                                                                            (*)          gap (**)     strategy
                                                                                                      (***)
     1    Variety               NP-46A                UA 515
                                G-3                   Tejaswini             N            -            -
                                Pusa Jwala            Balwant, G3 &
                                                      others
     2    Spacing (mts)
                                75 x 45 cm            75 x 45 cm            N            -            -

     3    Manure (kg/plant)

                                25 T / ha             14 T / ha
                                                                            P            2            3
     4    Major nutrients:
          (N+P+K) I             150:75:75 kg/ha       90:90:90 Kg/ha
          - Dose kg/ha                                                      P            1            2
          - Method of           Soil                  Soil
          application
          Rainfed
     5    Weed management
          - Around the plants   Manual weeding        Manual weeding in
          - In between the      in between the        between the rows      N            -            -
          rows                  rows
     6    Pest management
          Thrips                Acephate 1 gm/lt      Monocrotophos 2
                                of water              ml/lt of water or     P            3            2,4
          Fruit borer           Monocrotophos         rogor 2 ml/lt of
                                1.5 ml /lt of water   water
          Aphids                Metacid 1 ml/lt of    Metacid 2 ml/lt of
                                water                 water
     7    Disease
          management            2gm captafol / lt
          Seedling rot          of Water              Followed              N            -            -
                                2gm of mancozeb
          Leaf spot             per lt of water       Not followed as per   F            1            2,4
                                1 gm carbendizim      recommendation
                                or 3 gm sulphur /lt   followed              N            -
          Powdery mildew        of water per lt of
          Fruit rot             water
                                                                                                258
                                               Contd…Table 39 M
8      Water management
       - Number of
         irrigation          10 irrigation       20-28                F            1&2          1&2
       - Method of           every day           Furrow
       irrigation            irrigations 5-7
9      Harvesting
       - Method              Manual              manual               N            -            -
       - Time (hour)
10     Farm level
       processing
       -Grading                                  Processing not       N            -            -
       -Packing                                  followed as green
       -Processing                               chillies are
       -Storage(month)                           harvested
11     Marketing
       - Location of
       market
       - Distance from
       farm
       - Mode of transport                       Road (Tempo)         N            -            -
       - Marketing by
       individual/group                          Individual
       - Any other
       Average yield
       (T/ha)
        Green chillies       20-25 tons          16-18 tons           P            1,2,3        2,3,4




     +RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                        +RRF: Resource Rich Farmer
     @ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems

     (*) F=Full               P = Partial                 N = Nil
     ** Reasons for gaps:                          *** Farmer proposed extension
                                                   strategies:
     1. Lack of awareness                          1. Propogation through Mass media
     2. Non availability of FYM in required        2. Demonstration & training
     quantity
     3. Higher dose of pesticides are used         3. Training regarding improved methods of
                                                   compost making
                                                   4. Training regarding adoption of suitable
                                                   control measures for pest & disease
                                                   management




                                                                                           259
                                               TABLE: 39 O

GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE PRODUCTIVITY /
                          INCOME FROM HORTICULTURAL CROPS

       Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – II        District: Kolar         Village:
       Malamachanahalli
       Crop: Grapes                                              Farming systems: I, II, III

       Sl. Items of            Recommended         Existing practice             Gap in        Specific   Farmer
       No. package             practice                                          adoption      reasons    proposed
                                                                                 (F/P/N)       for the    extension
                                                                                 (*)           gap        strategy
                                                                                               (**)       (***)
       1    Variety            Bangalore Blue      Thompson                   N
                               Anab-e-shahi        seedless,dilkush,Bangalore
                               Dilkush             blue                                        -          -

       2    Spacing (mts)      7.5 x 3.75 mts      7.5 x 3.75 mts                N             -          -
       3    Manure             100 kgs             60 kg                         P             2          4
            (kg/plant)
       4    Major nutrients:                       
            (N+P+K)            Thompson
            - Dose gm/Plant    seedless                                          N             -          -
            - Method of        300:500:1000        300:500:1000 gm/plant
            application        Soil application
       6    Weed                                                                 P             1          2
            management         Herbicide           Not allowed
                               glycin 5lt/ha
            - Around the
            plants             Manual              Manual                        N             -          -
            - In between the   Weeding             Weeding
            rows
       7    Pest
            management         Dichlorevas         Not followed                  F             1          2
            -Shot hole borer   3.25ml/lt

            chapper beetle     4 gm carboryl /     Followed                      N             -          -
                               lt of water
            -Thrips,           2 ml
                               Dimethoate / lt     Followed                      N             -          -
                               of water
       8    Disease
            management
            - Downy            1% Bordeaux         Followed                      N             -          -
              mildew           mixture
            Anthracnose        1 gm                2 gm carbondism/lt of         P             1          2
                               carbendizim/lt      water
                                                                                                    260
                        of water
     Powdery            Sulphur 3g /lt     Calyxin 1 ml/lt of water       N     -           -
     mildew

     Contd…Table 39 O
9    Water
     management
     - Number of        Basin irrigation   Drip irrigation 2-3 hr / day   N     -           -
       irrigation       and drip
     - Method of        irrigation
     irrigation
10   Special
     practices
     -Training          Training           Training                             -           -
     -Prunning          Prunning           Prunning                       N
     -Girdling
     -Bahar
     -Treatment
11   Harvesting
     - Method           Manual             Manual                         N
     - Time (hour)                                                              -           -

12  Farm level
    processing
    -Grading           -Packing         Packing                   N         -               -
    -Packing
    -Processing
    -torage(month)
13 Marketing
    - Location of
    market
    - Distance from                     12 kms
    farm                                                          N         -               -
    - Mode of                           Road (Tempo)
    transport
    - Marketing by
    individual/group                    Individual
    - Any other
    Average yield      30-35            28-32                     P          1&2            1&2
    (T/ha)
+RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                        +RRF: Resource Rich Farmer
@ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems

(*) F=Full               P = Partial                    N = Nil

** Reasons for gaps:                                 *** Farmer proposed extension
                                                strategies:
1. Lack of awareness                            1. Propogation through Mass media
2. Non availability of organic manure           2. Demonstrations & Training
3. Lack of finance                              3. Linkage with credit Institutions
                                                                                      261
                                                        4. Training regarding improved methods of
                                                        composting



                                           TABLE: 39 P
GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE PRODUCTIVITY /
                          INCOME FROM HORTICULTURAL CROPS

       Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – II       District: Kolar         Village:
       Malamachanahalli
       Crop: Cabbage                                                     Farming systems: I, II, III


       Sl. Items of            Recommended Existing                  Gap in      Specific   Farmer
       No. package             practice    practice                  adoption    reasons    proposed
                                                                     (F/P/N)     for the    extension
                                                                     (*)         gap        strategy
                                                                                 (**)       (***)
       1    Variety            Pride of           NS –21,NS-22,      N           -          -
                               India,Late         Pvt. hybrids
                               drum head,
                               early drum
                               head
       2    Spacing (mts)      45 x 30 cm or      45 x 30 cm or      N           -          -
                               45 x 60 cm         45 x 60 cm
       3    Manure             25 Tons            13-15 tons         P           4          4&5
            (kg/plant)
       4    Major nutrients:
            (N+P+K)            150:100:125 kg 138:120:120 kg         P           1          1,2
            - Dose kg/ha
            - Method of        soil application   soil application   N           -          -
            application

       6    Weed
            management
            - Around the       Manual             Manual weeding N               -          -
            plants             weeding in         in between the
            - In between the   between the        rows
            rows               rows


       7    Pest
            management         IPM                Not followed       P           1          2,6
            Demond back
            moth
            Aphids             Quinol phos 2      Quinol phos 2      N           -          -
                               ml/lt              ml/lt
       8    Disease
            management
                                                                                                  262
     -Leaf spot        Copper oxy        Not followed       F`         1, 2       2,6
                       chloride
     -                  3 gm / lt
     Rust                                Not followed       F          1,2        2,6

     Contd…Table 39 P
9   Water
    management
    - Number of        20-25           18-25             N         -        -
      irrigation
    - Method of        Furrow          Furrow
    irrigation
11 Harvesting
    - Method           Manual          Manual            N         -        -
    - Time (hour)
12 Farm level
    processing         Graded          Graded as per
    -Grading           as per size     size              N         -
    -Packing                                                                -
    -Processing
    -torage(month)
13 Marketing
    - Location of
    market                             12 kms
    - Distance from                                      -         -        -
    farm
    - Mode of                          Tempo
    transport
    - Marketing by                     Individual
    individual/group
    - Any other
    Average yield      20-25           18-20             P         1&2      1, 2 & 3
    (T/ha)
+RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                        +RRF: Resource Rich Farmer
@ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems

(*) F=Full               P = Partial                  N = Nil
** Reasons for gaps:                                *** Farmer proposed extension
                                               strategies:
1. Lack of awareness                           1. Propogation through Mass media
2. Poor knowledge regarding pest and disease   2. Demonstrations & exposure visits
management
3. Lack of finance                             3. Linkage with credit Institutions
4. Lackof availability of organic manure       4. Training regarding compost making
                                               5. Encouraging organic farming
                                               6. Training regarding proper identification
                                               of pest & disease and adoption of suitable
                                               control measures



                                                                                        263
                                               TABLE: 39 Q

GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE PRODUCTIVITY /
                          INCOME FROM HORTICULTURAL CROPS

       Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – II      District: Kolar Village: Malamachanahalli
       Crop: Cashew                                    Farming systems: I, II, III

       Sl. Items of            Recommended          Existing         Gap in     Specific   Farmer
       No. package             practice             practice         adoption   reasons    proposed
                                                                     (F/P/N)    for the    extension
                                                                     (*)        gap        strategy
                                                                                (**)       (***)
       1    Variety            Chinthamani –1       Local            F          1          4
                               Ullal-1, Ullal-II,
                               Ullal-III
       2    Spacing (mts)      7.5 x 7.5 mt         7.5 x 7.5 mt     N          -          -
       3    Manure             50 kg / plant        20 kg / plant    P          1          5
            (kg/plant)
       4    Major nutrients:
            (N+P+K)
            - Dose gm/Plant    500:250:250 gms 300:150:150 gms F                3          2
            - Method of        / plant           / plant
            application        Soil              Soil
       6    Weed                                 Manual weeding
            management         Manual weeding around the plants
            - Around the       around the plants and in between N               -          -
            plants             and in between    the rows
            - In between the   the rows
            rows

       7    Pest
            management
            -T.Mosquito        1.5ml                1.5ml            N          -          -
                               monocrotophos/lt     monocrotophos/lt
            -Stem borer        1 gm carboryl / lt   Endosulphon 2    N          -          -
                               of water             ml /lt of water

       8    Disease
            management
                               3gm/lt copper        Not followed     F          1          2
            - Die back         oxchloride
            -Leaf spot
       9    Water                                   Cultivated as
            management                              rainfed crop                -          -
                                                                                               264
     - No. of           -                                         N
       irrigation
     - Method of        -
     irrigation



     Contd…Table 39 Q
10   Special
     practices
     -Training        Prunning             prunning               N        -          -
     -Prunning
     -Girdling
     -Bahar
     -Treatment
11   Harvesting       Manual               Manual                          -          -
     - Method                                                     N
     - Time (hour)
12   Farm level
     processing
     -Grading         Drying               Drying,                N        -          -
     -Packing                              processing not
     -Processing                           followed
     -torage(month)
13   Marketing
     - Location of
     market                                12 kms
     - Distance from
     farm
     - Mode of                             Road (tractor)         N        -          -
     transport
     - Marketing by
     individual/group                      Individual
     - Any other

     Average yield      1.5-2.3 tons       1.2 –1.6 tons          P        1,4        2,4
     (T/ha)

+RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                        +RRF: Resource Rich Farmer
@ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems

(*) F=Full                  P = Partial                 N = Nil

** Reasons for gaps:                                *** Farmer proposed extension
                                               strategies:
1. Lack of awareness                           1. Propagation through Mass media
2 Lack of availability of organic manure       2. Demonstration
5. Lack of finance                             3. Linkage with credit Institutions
                                               4. Ensure availability of grafts of high
                                               yielding varieties
                                                                                          265
                                                    5. Ensure availability of green manure crop
                                                    seeds & vermi compost




                                       TABLE: 39 R
GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
            PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME FROM HORTICULTURAL CROPS

     Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – II     District: Kolar
     Village: Malamachanahalli       Crop: Cauliflower
     Farming systems: I, II, III
     Sl. Items of            Recommended        Existing         Gap in      Specific        Farmer
     No. package             practice           practice         adoption    reasons         proposed
                                                                 (F/P/N) (*) for the         extension
                                                                             gap (**)        strategy
                                                                                             (***)
     1    Variety            Early Snow ball,     NS-66,NS-       N            -             -
                             late snow ball,      76, other pvt
                             Private hybrids      hybrids
     2    Spacing (mts)      0.60X0.45 mt         0.60X0.45 mt    N            -             -
     3    Manure             25T / ha             18 T/ha         P            1,4           4
          (kg/plant)
     4    Major nutrients:
          (N+P+K)
          - Dose kg/ha       150:100:125 kg/ha    160:125:150     P            1,5           2
          - Method of        Soil application     kg/ha
          application                             Soil
                                                  application
     6    Weed               Manual weeding       Manual
          management         around the plants    weeding
          - Around the       and in between the   around the      N            -             -
          plants             rows                 plants and in
          - In between the                        between the
          rows                                    rows
     7    Pest
          management
          -Diamond back      IPM                  Not followed    F            6             5
          moth
          - Aphids           1.7ml                Not followed    F            6             5
                             Dimethoate/lt
     8    Disease            3gms copper oxy
          management         chloride /lt or
             - Downy         ridomil 2 gm/lt      Followed        N            -             -
                 mildew
             -
                                                                                            266
9    Water
     management
     - No. of           20-24                18-20           N           2            -
       irrigation
     - Method of        Furrow               Furrow
     irrigation


     Contd…Table 39 R
11   Harvesting
     - Method         Manual                 Manual          N
     - Time (hour)                                                       -            -
12   Farm level
     processing
     -Grading         Graded as per size     Graded as per   N           -            -
     -Packing                                size
     -Processing
     -torage(month)
13   Marketing
     - Location of
     market
     - Distance from
     farm
     - Mode of                               Road (Lorry)    N           -            -
     transport
     - Marketing by
     individual/group                        Individual
     - Any other
     Average yield    25-30 tons             18-22 tons      P           1,6          2,5
     (T/ha)

+RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                        +RRF: Resource Rich Farmer
@ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems

(*) F=Full               P = Partial                   N = Nil
** Reasons for gaps:                                *** Farmer proposed extension
                                               strategies:
1. Lack of awareness                           1. Mass media
2. Depends on soil types                       2. Demonstration
3. Lack of finance                             3. Linkage with credit Institutions
4. Non availability of organic manure          4. Training regarding improved methods of
                                               composting
5. Non adoption of use of recommended dose     5. training regarding IPM
of fertilizer
6. Poor knowledge regarding pest
identification and management




                                                                                     267
                                                TABLE: 39 S

GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
               PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME FROM HORTICULTURAL CROPS
      Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – II District: Kolar
      Village: Malamachanahalli            Crop: Coconut       Farming systems: I, II, III

       Sl. Items of             Recommended        Existing       Gap in     Specific   Farmer
       No. package              practice           practice       adoption   reasons    proposed
                                                                  (F/P/N)    for the    extension
                                                                  (*)        gap (**)   strategy
                                                                                        (***)
       1     Variety            Tipatur tall       Tipatur        N          -          -
                                TxD                Tall, TXD
       2     Spacing (mts)      9 x 9mt            9 X 9mt        N          -          -
       3     Manure             50 kg/plant        30kg/plant     F           1         2
             (kg/plant)
       4     Major nutrients:
             (N+P+K)            500 : 320:1200     375:375:800    P          1, 3       2,3
             - Dose gm/Plant
             - Method of        Soil application   Soil
             application                           application
       5     Micro-nutrient
             - Dose             Boron
             (gm/plant)         50gm/plant         Not followed   F          1          1,2
             - Method of        MgSO4
             application        100gm/plant
       6     Weed               Manual             Manual
             management         weeding            weeding
             - Around the       around the         around the     N          -          -
             plants             plants and         plants and
             - In between the   between the        between the
             rows               rows               rows
       7     Pest
             management         Root feeding of
             Mites              neemazol 6
                                ml/plant
             -Rhinocerous       10 gm carboryl
             beetle             + 10 gm sand       Not followed
             -Red palm                                            F          1          2,6
             weevil             Nuvan 5 ml/lt

                                                                                              268
8   Disease
    management    1% Bordeax       Notfollowed   F   1   2,6
    - Bud rot     paste
    - Leaf spot   2g mancozeb/lt   Notfollowed   F   1   2,6




                                                               269
                                                 Contd…Table 39 S
          9    Water
               management                            Once in a
               - No. of           Once in a week     week            N           -           -
                 irrigation                          Ring &
               - Method of        Ring & basin       Basin/drip
               irrigation                            irrigation
          10   Special
               practices
               -Training          -                  -               N           -           -
               -Prunning
               -Girdling
               -Bahar
               -Treatment
          11   Harvesting
               - Method           Manual             Manual          N
               - Time (hour)                                                     -           -
          12   Farm level
               processing
               -Grading                                             N           -           -
               -Packing
               -Processing
               -torage(month)
          13   Marketing
               - Location of
               market
               - Distance from    -                  12 km
               farm
               - Mode of                             Road(Tractor) N             -           -
               transport
               - Marketing by
               individual/group                      Individual
               Average yield       80-100            50-60          P           2,4         1 &2
               (T/ha)              nuts/plant        nuts/plant
                                   10000-12000       6250-7500
                                   nuts/ha           nuts / ha
          +RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                           +RRF: Resource Rich Farmer
          @ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems
          (*) F=Full                P = Partial                 N = Nil
** Reasons for gaps:                                   *** Farmer proposed extension strategies:
1. Lack of awareness                              1. Propagation through Mass media
2. Negligence towards maintenance of orchards     2. Training & skill Demonstration
3. Lack of finance                                3. Linkage with credit Institutions
4. Mites infestation                              4. Training regarding management of orchards
5. Non availability of FYM in sufficient quantity 5. Exposure visists
                                                  6. training regarding proper identification of pests
                                                  and disease and adoption of suitable control
                                                  measures
                                                  7. training regarding improved method of

                                                                                                   270
                                              composting

                                           TABLE: 39 T

GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
            PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME FROM HORTICULTURAL CROPS

     Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – III District: Kolar
     Village: Malamachanahalli         Crop: Carrot            Farming systems: I, II, III

     Sl. Items of package       Recommended practice         Existing      Gap in     Specific    Farmer
     No.                                                     practice      adoption   reasons     proposed
                                                                           (F/P/N)    for the     extension
                                                                           (*)        gap         strategy
                                                                                      (**)        (***)
     1    Variety               HYV Pusakesar                Tokitao       N          -           -
                                NantishalfLong, Jantani      Ns-820
                                                             Ns-601
     2    Spacing (mts)         0.22 mt x 0.10mt             Broad         N          -           -
                                                             casting
     3    Manure (kg/plant)     25 Tons                      17 Tons       P          2           4,5
     4    Major nutrients:
          (N+P+K) kg/ha
          - Dose                75:63:50 kg/ha               50:35:40      P          1,3         2,3
                                                             kg/ha
          Method of             Soil application             Soil
          application                                        application
     5    Micro-nutrient
          - Dose (kg/plant)
          - Method of           -                            -             -          -           -
          application
     6    Weed management
          - Around the plants
          - In between the      Manual weeding               Manual        N          -           -
          rows                                               weeding
     7    Pest management
          -Rhizome weevil
                                4 gm carboryl /lt of water   Not           F          1,4         1,2
          -Aphids                                            followed
                                2 ml dimethoate /lt of
                                water                        Not
                                                             followed      F          1,4         1,2
     8    Disease
          management                                         2.5gm
          - Leaf spot               2.5 gmMancozeb/lt        Mancozeb/lt N            -           -
              - Powdery                 sulphur 3g /lt
                  mildew            2.6                      -             F          1,4         1,2

                                                   Contd…Table 39 T
     9    Water management

                                                                                            271
     - No. of
       irrigation           18-20                         15-20         N           -           -
     - Method of
     irrigation             Flood                         Flood
10   Harvesting
     - Method               Manual                        Manual        N           -           -
     - Time (hour)
11   Farm level
     processing
     -Grading               Grading as per size           Grading as    N           -           -
     -Packing                                             per size
     -Processing
     -torage(month)
12   Marketing
     - Location of                                       12 kms        N           -           -
     market
     - Distance from                                     
     farm
     - Mode of transport                                  Tempo
     - Marketing by
     individual/group                                     Individual
     - Any other
     Average yield          20 tons                       16 tons       P           1,4         1,2,4,6
     (T/ha)

+RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                        +RRF: Resource Rich Farmer
@ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems

(*) F=Full                 P = Partial                   N = Nil
** Reasons for gaps:                                   *** Farmer proposed extension
                                                  strategies:
1. Lack of awareness                              1. Propagation through Mass media
2. Non availability of organic manure             2. Conducting Demonstration
3. Lack of finance                                3. Linkage with credit Institutions
4. Non adoption of package of practices           4.Training regarding improved methods of
                                                  composting
                                                  5. enhancing subsidy towards production of
                                                  vermi compost
                                                  6. Training regarding adoption of pests and
                                                  disease control measures




                                         TABLE: 39 U


                                                                                          272
GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
            PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME FROM HORTICULTURAL CROPS

     Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – III District: Kolar
     Village: Malamachanahalli       Crop: Radish        Farming systems: I, II, III

     Sl. Items of            Recommended         Existing      Gap in     Specific   Farmer
     No. package             practice            practice      adoption   reasons    proposed
                                                               (F/P/N)    for the    extension
                                                               (*)        gap (**)   strategy
                                                                                     (***)
     1    Variety            Arka Nishant,       Arka         N           -          -
                             Japanese white      Nishant,
                             Pusachetaki,        Pusachetaki,
                             private hybrids     private
                                                 hybrids
     2    Spacing (mts)      0.30 x 0.10 mt      0.30 x 0.10 N            -          -
                                                 mt

     3    Manure             20 Tons             12 tons       N          6          -
          (kg/plant)
     4    Major nutrients:
          (N+P+K)
          - Dose kg/ha       75:38:38 kg/ha      60:60:60      P          1          2
          -                  per / ha            kg/ha
          Method of          Soil                Soil
          application
     5    Weed               Manual              Manual        N          -          -
          management         Weeding in          Weeding in
          - Around the       between the         between the
          plants             rows                rows
          - In between the
          rows

     6    Pest
          management
          -Aphids            Methylparathion Followed          N          -          -
                             1ml/lt of water
          - Cater pillar     1.5 ml/lt of    followed          N          -          -
                             water
     7    Disease
          management
          - Downy            2.5 Mancozeb /lt    Not           F          6          5
          mildew             of water            followed
          - White rust       Ridomil Mz 72       Not
                             2gmper/lt of        followed      F          6          5
                             water

                                              Contd…Table 39 U
     8    Water

                                                                                          273
    management
    - No. of           12-16            12-16         N          -          -
      irrigation
    - Method of        Furrow           Furrow
    irrigation
10 Harvesting
    - Method           Manual           Manual        N          -          -
    - Time (hour)
11 Farm level          Graded as per    Graded as     N          -          -
    processing         size             per size
    -Grading
    -Packing
    -Processing
    -torage(month)
12 Marketing
    - Location of
    market
    - Distance from                     12 kms
    farm
    - Mode of                           Road
    transport                           (Tractor)     N          -          -
    - Marketing by
    individual/group                    Individual
    - Any other
    Average yield      15-20 Tons       12-15 Tons P             1,3,6      2,4,5
    (T/ha)
+RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                        +RRF: Resource Rich Farmer
@ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems

(*) F=Full                  P = Partial                    N = Nil
** Reasons for gaps:                                     *** Farmer proposed extension
                                                    strategies:
1. Lack of awareness                                1. Propagation through Mass media
2. High residual effect of fertilizer used in the   2.Training & Demonstration
previous crop
3. Excess use of fertilizers in order to get        3. Linkage with credit Institutions
higher yield
4. Lack of finance                                  4. Training regarding improved methods of
                                                    composting
5. Non availability of organic manure               5. Training regarding disease management
6.Lack of knowledge regarding proper
identification of disease




                                          TABLE: 39 V

                                                                                          274
GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
            PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME FROM HORTICULTURAL CROPS

     Name of agro-ecology situation: AES – III District: Kolar
     Village: Malamachanahalli     Crop: Beetroot       Farming systems: I, II, III

     Sl. Items of package       Recommended        Existing       Gap in     Specific   Farmer
     No.                        practice           practice       adoption   reasons    proposed
                                                                  (F/P/N)    for the    extension
                                                                  (*)        gap (**)   strategy (***)
     1    Variety               Crimson Globe      Private        N          -          -
                                Private Hybrids    Hybrids
                                Detroit dark red   Detroit dark
                                                   red
     2    Spacing (mts)         0.30X0.22mt        Broadcasting   N          2          2
     3    Manure (tons/ha)      20 T / ha          10 Tons/ha     N          3          4
     4    Major nutrients:
          (N+P+K)
          - Dose kg/ha          63:100:63 kg/ha 50:48:30          P          1 ,4       2 ,4
          - Method of                           kg/ha
          application           Soil            Soil
     6    Weed management
          - Around the plants
          - In between the      Manual             Manual
          rows                  weeding in         weeding in     N          -          -
                                between the        between the
                                rows               rows

     7    Pest management                          Proper dose
          -Aphids               Demacron 0.5       of chemical
                                ml/lt              is not used    P          1          2
          -Leaf eating          Melathion
          caterpillar           2 gm/lt

     8    Disease                                  Proper dose
          management            Mancozeb           of chemical
          -Leaf spot            2gm/lt of water    is not used    P          1          2

     9    Water management
          - No. of                                                           -          -
            irrigation          15-20              15-20          N
          - Method of
          irrigation            Flood              Flood




                                                                                            275
                                            Contd…Table 39 V
10   Harvesting
     - Method               Manual             Manual            N       -            -
     - Time (hour)          Digging            Digging
12   Farm level
     processing
     -Grading               Graded as per      Graded as         N       -            -
     -Packing               size               per size
     -Processing
     -torage(month)
13   Marketing
     - Location of market                      12 kms
     - Distance from farm
     - Mode of transport                       Road              N       -            -
     - Marketing by                            (tractor)
     individual/group
     - Any other                               Individual



    Average yield (T/ha) 17-20 Tons        12-16 Tons      P          1&4    2&3
+RPF = Resource Poor Farmer                        +RRF: Resource Rich Farmer
@ Separately for each farming situation under each existing Farming systems

(*) F=Full               P = Partial                       N = Nil

** Reasons for gaps:                                 *** Farmer proposed extension
                                                strategies:
1. Lack of awareness                            1. Mass media
2. Lack of finance                              2. Demonstration
3. Non availability of organic manure           3. Linkage with credit Institutions
4. Non adoption of package of practices         4.Encouraging organic farming by
                                                enhancing the subsidy




                                                                                          276
                                   TABLE: 40 A

TYPE OF FARMING SITUATION UNDER WHICH THE PARTICULAR
          MILCH AND MEAT ANIMAL IS MANAGED
 Name of district: Kolar                                Name of animal: Cow
 Name of Representative village: Thotli
 Name of agro-ecological situation: I            Existing Farming systems: IV

Sl.    Ownership of       No. of families (%) under different    Total
No.        land                    farming situation
         Resource         Local breed         Improved breed             (%)

                         No         %          No          %       No           %
1.    Land owners:
        - Irrigated +     04       8.51        06        12.76     10          21.27
          Rainfed
       Only irrigated     03       6.38        05        10.63     08          17.02
       Rainfed only       -          -         22        46.80     22          46.80
2.    Landless            -          -         07        14.89     07          14.89

           Total          07       14.89       40        85.08     47           100




                                                                                       277
                                    TABLE: 40 B

TYPE OF FARMING SITUATION UNDER WHICH THE PARTICULAR
          MILCH AND MEAT ANIMAL IS MANAGED
  Name of district: Kolar                                Name of animal: Cow
  Name of Representative village: Thotli
  Name of agro-ecological situation: I            Existing Farming systems: V

Sl.    Ownership of         No. of families (%) under different    Total
No.        land                     farming situation
         Resource          Local breed          Improved breed             (%)

                           No         %          No          %       No           %
1.     Land owners:
        - Irrigated +       04       14.28       06        21.42     10          35.71
          Rainfed
       Only irrigated       02       7.14        03        10.71     05          17.85
        Rainfed only        -          -         10        35.71     10          35.71
2.    Landless              -          -          -        10.71     03          10.71

           Total            06       21.42       22        78.55     28          99.98




                                                                                         278
                                    TABLE: 40 C

  TYPE OF FARMING SITUATION UNDER WHICH THE PARTICULAR MILCH
                  AND MEAT ANIMAL IS MANAGED

  Name of district: Kolar                                Name of animal: Cow
  Name of Representative village: Thotli
  Name of agro-ecological situation: I            Existing Farming systems: V

Sl.    Ownership of         No. of families (%) under different    Total
No.        land                     farming situation
         Resource          Local breed          Improved breed             (%)

                           No         %          No          %       No           %
1.     Land owners:
        - Irrigated +       04       14.28       06        21.42     10          35.71
          Rainfed
       Only irrigated       02       7.14        03        10.71     05          17.85
        Rainfed only        -          -         10        35.71     10          35.71
2.    Landless              -          -          -        10.71     03          10.71

           Total            06       21.42       22        78.55     28          99.98




                                                                                         279
                                    TABLE: 40 D

  TYPE OF FARMING SITUATION UNDER WHICH THE PARTICULAR MILCH
                  AND MEAT ANIMAL IS MANAGED

  Name of district: Kolar                               Name of animal: Cow
  Name of Representative village: Achepally
  Name of agro-ecological situation: II           Existing Farming systems: III

Sl.    Ownership of        No. of families (%) under different     Total
No.        land                     farming situation
         Resource          Local breed         Improved breed              (%)

                           No        %          No          %         No          %
1.     Land owners:
        - Irrigated +      05        100        05         100        05          100
          Rainfed
       Only irrigated       -         -          -          -          -           -
        Rainfed only        -         -          -          -          -           -
2.    Landless              -         -          -          -          -           -

           Total           05        100        05         100        05          100




                                                                                        280
                                           TABLE: 40 E

       TYPE OF FARMING SITUATION UNDER WHICH THE PARTICULAR MILCH
                       AND MEAT ANIMAL IS MANAGED

Name of district: Kolar                                  Name of animal: Cow
Name of Representative village: Achepally
Name of agro-ecological situation: II                    Existing Farming systems: III

Sl.    Ownership of         No. of families (%) under different      Total
No.        land                     farming situation
         Resource          Local breed          Improved breed               (%)

                           No         %          No           %         No         %
1.     Land owners:
        - Irrigated +      05         20         05           20        05         20
          Rainfed
       Only irrigated       -          -          -            -         -          -
        Rainfed only       15         60         20           80        20         80
2.    Landless              -          -          -            -         -          -

           Total           20         80         25           100       25         100




                                                                                         281
                                           TABLE: 40 F

       TYPE OF FARMING SITUATION UNDER WHICH THE PARTICULAR MILCH
                       AND MEAT ANIMAL IS MANAGED

Name of district: Kolar                                 Name of animal: Cow
Name of Representative village: Achepally
Name of agro-ecological situation: II                   Existing Farming systems: II

Sl.    Ownership of         No. of families (%) under different     Total
No.        land                     farming situation
         Resource          Local breed          Improved breed              (%)

                           No         %          No          %         No         %
1.     Land owners:
        - Irrigated +       -          -          -           -         -          -
          Rainfed
       Only irrigated       -          -          -           -         -          -
        Rainfed only       15        13.4        82         73.2       82         73.2
2.    Landless             02          -         05           -         -          -

           Total           15        13.4        82         73.2       82         73.2




                                                                                         282
                                   TABLE: 40 G

TYPE OF FARMING SITUATION UNDER WHICH THE PARTICULAR
          MILCH AND MEAT ANIMAL IS MANAGED
  Name of district: Kolar                               Name of animal: Cow
  Name of Representative village: Achepally
  Name of agro-ecological situation: II          Existing Farming systems: III

Sl.    Ownership of        No. of families (%) under different    Total
No.        land                     farming situation
         Resource          Local breed         Improved breed             (%)

                           No        %          No          %        No          %
1.     Land owners:
        - Irrigated +       -         -         20          -         -          -
          Rainfed
       Only irrigated       -         -          -          -         -          -
        Rainfed only       05         -          -          -         -          -
2.    Landless              -         -          -          -         -          -

           Total           05         -         20          -         -          -




                                                                                     283
                                                    TABLE: 41 A

        GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
                 PROPDUCTIVITY / INCOME OF MILCH AND MEAT ANIMALS

      District: Kolar                                     Agro-ecological situation: I
      Type of animal: Cow                                       Farming situation: 1,2,3,4
      Representative Village: Thotli                            EFS – IV
Sl.    Items of the package          Recommen       Existing Gap in          Reasons       Farmer
No.                                  ded            practice   adoption      for gap in proposed
                                     practice                  (F/P/N) *     adoption      extension
                                                                             (**)          strategy
                                                                                           (***)
1.     Breed up gradation:
       *Artificial insemination:
       - Breed                        HF/JR          AI with
       - Location                     PVC/MPCS      pure HF           P           1           1& 2
       * Natural insemination:                      & JR &
       - Breed                                      natural
       - Location                     Nil           service           -
2.     Feed management (per
       animal)
       - Green fodder (kg/day)        30-40         5-20              P
       - Dry fodder (kg/day)          5-8           0-3               P        1&2            2&4
       - Concentrates (gms/day)       2000-5000     500-3000          P
       - Minerals (gms/day)           25-30         -                 F        1&3
       - Vitamins (ml/day)            5-10          -                 F
3.     Inter calving period           12            18-24             P        1&4              2
4.     Health care (per year)
       -     HSBQ       (No.     of Twice/year      Yes               N           -             -
       vaccinations)
       - FMD                          -”-           Yes               N           -             -
       - Rinder pest                  1/life time   Yes               N           -             -
       - Mastitis test                Daily         No                F           1             2
       - Thilaris                     On demand     Yes               N           -             -
       - Deworming                    1-2/years     No                F           1             2
5.     General management:
       - Washing (times/day)          1-2           0-1               P
       - Cleaning 9times/day)         3             0-3               P                         2
       - Housing (Pacca/Katcha)       P             P &K              P        1&3
       - Drinking water (lts./day)    50-100        30-80             P
6.     Average milk yield (lt/day) 15-20            5-10              P       1, 3 & 5        1&2
      (*) F=Full             P = Partial                    N = Nil

                                                                                                       284
      ** Reasons for gaps:                             *** Farmer proposed extension strategies:
      1. Lack of awareness                             1. Providing technical awareness
      2. Lack of availability of fodder                2. providing technical staff
      3. Cost factor                                   3. making availability of fodder by improving
                                                       quality of grass lands & supply of fodder seeds
      4. Repeated breeding                             4. Availability concentrate clear cost
      5.Management practices
                                                    TABLE: 41 B

        GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
                 PROPDUCTIVITY / INCOME OF MILCH AND MEAT ANIMALS

      District: Kolar                                     Agro-ecological situation: I
      Type of animal: Cow                                       Farming situation: 1,2,3,4
      Representative Village: Thotli                            EFS – V
Sl.    Items of the package          Recommen       Existing Gap in          Reasons       Farmer
No.                                  ded            practice   adoption      for gap in proposed
                                     practice                  (F/P/N) *     adoption      extension
                                                                             (**)          strategy
                                                                                           (***)
1.     Breed up gradation:
       *Artificial insemination:
       - Breed                        HF/JR         AI with
       - Location                     PVC/MPCS      HF , JR         P           2&3            3&2
       * Natural insemination:                      semen &
       - Breed                                      natural
       - Location                     Nil           service          -
2.     Feed management (per
       animal)
       - Green fodder (kg/day)        30-40         5-20            P             1              1
       - Dry fodder (kg/day)          5-8           0-3             P             1              1
       - Concentrates (gms/day)       2000-5000     500-3000        P
       - Minerals (gms/day)           25-30         -               F                            2
       - Vitamins (ml/day)            5-10          -               F             1              2
3.     Inter calving period           12            18-24           P             2              2
4.     Health care (per year)
       -     HSBQ       (No.     of   Twice/year    Yes             N             -              -
       vaccinations)
       - FMD                          1/year        Yes             N             -              -
       - Rinder pest                  1/life time   Yes             N             -              -
       - Mastitis test                Daily         No              F             2              2
       - Thilaris                     On demand     Yes             N             -              -
       - Deworming                    2/years       No              F             2              2
5.     General management:
       - Washing (times/day)          1-2           0-1             P
       - Cleaning 9times/day)         3             0-3             P                            2
       - Housing (Pacca/Katcha)       P             P &K            P           1&3
       - Drinking water (lts./day)    50-100        30-80           P
6.     Average milk yield (lt/day)    15-20         5-10            P         1, 3 & 5         1&2
                                                                                                         285
      (*) F=Full            P = Partial                     N = Nil

** Reasons for gaps:                                  *** Farmer proposed extension strategies:
1. Lack of awareness & Lack of availability of        1. Demonstration of fodder crop & storage method &
fodder                                                fodder enrichment
2. Lack of awareness                                  2. Technical Awareness
3. Lack of awareness about technical practices        3. providing sufficient technical staff


                                                      TABLE: 41 C

        GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
                 PROPDUCTIVITY / INCOME OF MILCH AND MEAT ANIMALS

    District: Kolar                                               Agro-ecological situation: II
    Type of animal: Cow                                           Farming situation: 1,2,3,4
    Representative Village: Achepally                             EFS – II
Sl.     Items of the package    Recommen               Existing    Gap in     Reasons         Farmer
No.                                 ded                practice   adoption for gap in        proposed
                                  practice                        (F/P/N) * adoption         extension
                                                                                (**)          strategy
                                                                                                (***)
1.     Breed up gradation:
       *Artificial insemination:
       - Breed                        HF/JR
       - Location                     PVC/MPCS        AI &            P          3&2           1&6
       * Natural insemination:                        natural
       - Breed                                        service
       - Location                     Nil                             -
2.     Feed management (per
       animal)
       - Green fodder (kg / day)      40-50           25-30           P            1             6
       - Dry fodder (kg / day)        5-8 kg          4-5 kgs         P            1             6
       - Concentrates (gms / day)     3000-5000       1000-1500       P            5             3
       - Minerals (gms / day)         30-50 g         Nil             F            1             1
       - Vitamins (ml / day)          5-10 ml         Nil             F            1             1
3.     Inter calving period           12 month        16-18           P            6             4
4.     Health care (per year)
       -     HSBQ       (No.     of   1/year          1               N            -             -
       vaccinations)
       - FMD                          1/year          1               N            -             -
       - Rinder pest                  1/life time     -               -            -             -
       - Mastitis test                -               -               F            1             1
       - Thilaris                     1 / life time   -               F            1             1
       - Deworming                    2 times /       Nil             F            1             6
                                      year
5.     General management:
       - Washing (times/day)          1               0-1             N
       - Cleaning 9times/day)         3               0-1             P
       - Housing (Pacca/Katcha)       P               Katcha          F          1&5           1&5

                                                                                                           286
        - Drinking water (lts./day)    100-130 lts    100-130            N
6.      Average milk yield (lt/day) 15-20             10                 P        1, 3 & 5         1&2
       (*) F=Full             P = Partial                    N = Nil
** Reasons for gaps:                                    *** Farmer proposed extension strategies:
1. Lack of awareness                                    1. Providing technical person
2. Lack of technical persons                            2. Availability of fodder
3. Repeat breeding                                      3. Availability of concentrates at cheaper rates
4. Lack of availability of fodder                       4. Management practices
5. High cost of concentrate                             5. Finance availability
6. Lack of Management practices                         6. Providing technical awareness
                                                     TABLE: 41 D

         GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
                       PROPDUCTIVITY / INCOME OF MILCH AND MEAT ANIMALS
      District: Kolar                                   Agro-ecological situation: II
      Type of animal: Cow                                       Farming situation: 1,2,3,4
      Representative Village: Achepally                         EFS – II, Resource poor
Sl.    Items of the package         Recommen Existing              Gap in       Reasons    Farmer
No.                                 ded           practice         adoption for gap in proposed
                                    practice                       (F/P/N)      adoption extension
                                                                      *         (**)       strategy
                                                                                           (***)
1.     Breed up gradation:
       *Artificial insemination:
       - Breed                      HF/JR         HF/JR                 N             -
       - Location                   Nearest vet. At the village         N             -
                                    institution   by MPCS
       * Natural insemination:                    Local &
       - Breed                      Not           crossbreds at         F            1          1
       - Location                   Recommend the village                            2
2.     Feed management (per
       animal)
       - Green fodder (kg / day)    40-50 kg      25-30                 P            3          2
       - Dry fodder (kg / day)      5-8 kg        4-5 kgs               P            3          2
       - Concentrates (gms / day) 3000-5000       1000-1500             P            4          3
       - Minerals (gms / day)       30-50 g       Nil                   F             1         1
       - Vitamins (ml / day)        5-10 ml       Nil                   F            1          1
3.     Inter calving period         12 month      16-18                 P            5          5
4.     Health care (per year)
       -     HSBQ       (No.     of 1/year        1                     N             -         -
       vaccinations)
       - FMD                        1/year        1                     N             -         -
       - Rinder pest                1/life time   -                     N             -         -
       - Mastitis test              -             -                     F             -         -
       - Thilaris                   1 / life time -                     F            1          4
       - Deworming                  2 times .     Nil                   F            1          4
                                    day
5.     General management:
       - Washing (times/day)        1             0-1                   N             -         -
       - Cleaning 9times/day)       3             0-1                   P            1          4

                                                                                                           287
        - Housing (Pacca/Katcha)       P              Katcha                F            4            6
        - Drinking water (lts./day)    100-130 lts 100-130                  N             -           -
6.      Average milk yield (lt/day) 15-20             10                    P            5        2, 4 & 5
       (*) F=Full             P = Partial                  N = Nil
** Reasons for gaps:                            *** Farmer proposed extension strategies:
1. Lack of awareness                            1. Improve availability of technical person
2. Lack of technical persons                    2. Improve availability of fodder seeds
3. Non availability of fodder                   3. Improve availability of concentrates at cheaper rates
4. High cost of concentrate                     4. Improve awareness programmes
5. Management practices                         5.Improve management practices by field visits
                                                6. Improve Finance availability
                                                     TABLE: 41 E

        GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
                 PROPDUCTIVITY / INCOME OF MILCH AND MEAT ANIMALS

      District: Kolar                                       Agro-ecological situation: II
      Type of animal: Cow                                         Farming situation: 1,2,3,4
      Representative Village: Achepally                           EFS –III, Resource Rich
Sl.    Items of the package        Recommen           Existing       Gap in         Reasons     Farmer
No.                                ded                practice       adoption for gap in        proposed
                                   practice                          (F/P/N)        adoption    extension
                                                                        *           (**)        strategy
                                                                                                (***)
1.     Breed up gradation:
       *Artificial insemination:
       - Breed                        HF/JR           HF/JR               N             -
       - Location                     Nearest vet.    At the village      N             -
                                      institution     by MPCS
       * Natural insemination:
       - Breed                        Not       Local, HF at              F             2            1
       - Location                     Recommend the village
2.     Feed management (per
       animal)
       - Green fodder (kg / day)      40-50 kg        35-40kgs            P             1            2
       - Dry fodder (kg / day)        5-8 kg          5-6 kgs             P             1            2
       - Concentrates (gms / day)     3000-5000       1000-1500 g         P             1            2
       - Minerals (gms / day)         30-50 g         Nil                 F             1            2
       - Vitamins (ml / day)          5-10 ml         Nil                 F             1            2
3.     Inter calving period           12 month        16-18               P             5            2
4.     Health care (per year)
       -     HSBQ       (No.     of   1/ year         1                   N             -            -
       vaccinations)
       - FMD                          1/ year         1                   N             -            -
       - Rinder pest                  1/ life time    -                   N             -            -
       - Mastitis test                2 / day         -                   F             -            -
       - Thilaris                     1 / life time   -                   F             1            2
       - Deworming                    2 times /       Nil                 F             1            2
                                      year
5.     General management:

                                                                                                             288
       - Washing (times/day)          1               1                    N            -          -
       - Cleaning 9times/day)         3               1                    P            1          2
       - Housing (Pacca/Katcha)       P               Katcha               F            2          3
       - Drinking water (lts./day)    100-130 lts     100-130              N            -          -
6.     Average milk yield (lt/day) 15-20              10                   P            4         1&4
      (*) F=Full             P = Partial                   N = Nil

** Reasons for gaps:                                   *** Farmer proposed extension strategies:
1. Lack of awareness                                   1. Improve availability of technical person
2. Repeat breeding & Lack of technical persons         2.. Improve awareness programmes through field visits
3. High cost of concentrate & fodder                   3.. Improve loan Availability
4. Unaware of management practices                     4.. Improve management practices
                                                      TABLE: 41 F

        GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
                 PROPDUCTIVITY / INCOME OF MILCH AND MEAT ANIMALS

      District: Kolar                              Agro-ecological situation: II I
      Type of animal: Cow                                 Farming situation: 1,2,3,4
      Representative Village: Malamachanahalli     EFS –III, Resource Rich
Sl.    Items of the package        Recommende Existing       Gap in        Reasons              Farmer
No.                                d           practice      adoption for gap in                proposed
                                   practice                  (F/P/N)       adoption             extension
                                                                *          (**)                 strategy
                                                                                                (***)
1.     Breed up gradation:
       *Artificial insemination:                        Not all
       - Breed                       HR                 followed AI        P            1            1
       - Location                    AI centre          centre             -            2
       * Natural insemination:
       - Breed
       - Location                                                          -            -
2.     Feed management (per
       animal)
       - Green fodder (kg / day)     25 kg              25                 N            -
       - Dry fodder (kg / day)       5kg                5                  N            3            1
       - Concentrates (gms / day)    1kg/2 ½lt          Not fallow         F            -
       - Minerals (gms / day)        milk               Not fallow         F
       - Vitamins (ml / day)         30g animal         Not fallow         F            1
                                     3 ml
3.     Inter calving period          12 month           24                 P          1&2         1&2
4.     Health care (per year)
       -     HSBQ       (No.    of Annually             Annually           P            1            1
       vaccinations)                                    not followed
       - FMD                         Annually            -”-               P            1            1
       - Rinder pest                 -                  -                  -            2            3
       - Mastitis test               On need            Not                F            1            -
       - Thilaris                    On need            followed           P            3            -
       - Deworming                   2 times / year     Nil                F            1            1
5.     General management:

                                                                                                               289
        - Washing (times/day)          1        1                   N            -          -
        - Cleaning (times/day)         1        1                   P            -          -
        - Housing (Pacca/Katcha)       P        not followed        F            3         4, 1
        - Drinking water (lts./day)    50       50                  N            -          -
6.      Average milk yield (lt/day) 15-20       10                  P            1        1&6
       (*) F=Full             P = Partial            N = Nil
** Reasons for gaps:                            *** Farmer proposed extension strategies:
1. Lack of awareness                            1. Improve awareness programme
2. Lack of technical persons                    2. Improve management practices
3. Cost factor                                  3. Improve supply of fodder seeds
4.Unaware of Management practices               4. Improve tick control through community act
                                                5. Improve credit facility
                                                6. Improve management practices
                                              TABLE: 41 G

         GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
                       PROPDUCTIVITY / INCOME OF MILCH AND MEAT ANIMALS
      District: Kolar                                   Agro-ecological situation: II I
      Type of animal: CB Cow                                   Farming situation: 1,2,3,4
      Representative Village: Malamachanahalli          EFS –II, Resource Poor
Sl.    Items of the package         Recomme-       Existing       Gap in        Reasons   Farmer
No.                                 nded practice practice        adoption for gap in proposed
                                                                  (F/P/N)       adoption extension
                                                                     *          (**)      strategy
                                                                                          (***)
1.     Breed up gradation:
       *Artificial insemination:                   Not all
       - Breed                      HR             followed AI         N             -         -
       - Location                   AI centre      centre              N             -         -
       * Natural insemination:                                         -
       - Breed                                                         -             -
       - Location
2.     Feed management (per
       animal)
       - Green fodder (kg / day)    30 kg          20                  P             2         7
       - Dry fodder (kg / day)      5kg            5                   N             -         1
       - Concentrates (gms / day) 1kg/2 ½lt        750g/2 ½ lts        P             2         1
       - Minerals (gms / day)       milk           10g/animal          P             -         1
       - Vitamins (ml / day)        30g animal     Not fallow          F             3         1
                                    3 ml
3.     Inter calving period         12 month       18                  P          1&4        1&2
4.     Health care (per year)
       -     HSBQ       (No.     of Annually       Annually            P             1         1
       vaccinations)                               not followed
       - FMD                        Annually        -”-                P             4         1
       - Rinder pest                -              Not                 -             1         3
       - Mastitis test              On need        followed            F             3         4
       - Thilaris                   On need        Nil                 F             1       1&2
       - Deworming                  2 times / year
5.     General management:

                                                                                                  290
        - Washing (times/day)          1               1                  N              -           -
        - Cleaning (times/day)         1               1                  P              -           -
        - Housing (Pacca/Katcha)       P               not followed       F             3           4, 1
        - Drinking water (lts./day)    50              50                 N              -           -
6.      Average milk yield (lt/day) 15-20              10                 P             1          1&6
       (*) F=Full             P = Partial                   N = Nil
** Reasons for gaps:                             *** Farmer proposed extension strategies:
1. Lack of awareness                             1. Awareness programme through trainings & field visits
2. Lack of availability of fodder                2. Health camps
3. Cost factor                                   3. Supply of testing material & errection of labs
4 lack of t3chnicl persons                       4. Tick control through community act
5. Unaware of Management practices               5. Credit facility
                                                 6. Management practices
                                                 7. Fodder availability

                                                   TABLE: 41 H

        GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
                 PROPDUCTIVITY / INCOME OF MILCH AND MEAT ANIMALS

      District: Kolar                                Agro-ecological situation: II I
      Type of animal: Local Cow                             Farming situation: 1,2,3,4
      Representative Village: Malamachanahalli       EFS –III, Resource Rich
Sl.    Items of the package        Recomme-      Existing      Gap in        Reasons          Farmer
No.                                nded practice practice      adoption for gap in            proposed
                                                               (F/P/N)       adoption         extension
                                                                  *          (**)             strategy
                                                                                              (***)
1.     Breed up gradation:
       *Artificial insemination:
       - Breed                        HR /AM          HR. Not all        P            1           1
       - Location                     semen           followed           -            2
       * Natural insemination:                                           -
       - Breed                                                           -            -
       - Location

2.     Feed management (per
       animal)
       - Green fodder (kg / day)      25 kg           25                 N                        1
       - Dry fodder (kg / day)        5kg             5                  N
       - Concentrates (gms / day)     -               -                  F            3
       - Minerals (gms / day)         -               -                  -            1
       - Vitamins (ml / day)          -               -                  -
3.     Inter calving period           12 month        24                 P          1&2         1&2
4.     Health care (per year)
       -     HSBQ       (No.     of   Annually        Annually           P            1           1
       vaccinations)                                  not followed
       - FMD
       - Rinder pest
       - Mastitis test

                                                                                                           291
        - Thilaris
        - Etc. Deworming
5.      General management:
        - Washing (times/day)
        - Cleaning (times/day)
        - Housing (Pacca/Katcha)
        - Drinking water (lts./day)
6.      Average milk yield (lt/day) 2-4                2                 P
       (*) F=Full             P = Partial                   N = Nil
** Reasons for gaps:                                   *** Farmer proposed extension strategies:
1. Lack of awareness                                   1. Training
2. Lack of technical persons                           2. Health camps
3. Cost factor




                                                  TABLE No. 42 A

      TYPE OF FARMING SITUATION UNDER WHICH THE PARTICULAR MILCH AND MEAT
                               ANIMAL IS MANAGED

      Name of district: Kolar                                          Name of animal: Goat
      Name of Representative village: Thotli
      Name of agro-ecological situation: I                      Existing farming system: IV

       Sl.    Ownership          No. of families (%) under different            Total
      No.       of land                     farming situation
               Resource          Local breed          Improved breed                    (%)
                                No           %             No           %          No         %
       1.    Land owners:
              - Irrigated +      -            -            -             -          -          -
                Rainfed
                 Only            -            -            -             -          -          -
               irrigated
             Rainfed only       01           50            -             -         01         50
       2.    Landless           01           50            -             -         01         50
                 Total          02          100            -             -         02         100




                                                                                                    292
                                           TABLE: 42 B

TYPE OF FARMING SITUATION UNDER WHICH THE PARTICULAR MILCH AND MEAT
                         ANIMAL IS MANAGED

Name of district: Kolar                                    Name of animal: Goat
Name of Representative village: Thotli
Name of agro-ecological situation: I                Existing farming system: V

Sl.    Ownership          No. of families (%) under different       Total
No.      of land                   farming situation
        Resource          Local breed         Improved breed                (%)
                         No         %          No           %          No          %
 1.   Land owners:
       - Irrigated +      -          -          -            -          -           -
         Rainfed
          Only            -          -          -            -          -           -
         irrigated
       Rainfed only      01        33.33        -            -         01         33.33
 2.   Landless           02        66.66        -            -         02         66.66
          Total          03        99.99        -            -         03         99.99




                                                                                          293
                                            TABLE: 42 C

TYPE OF FARMING SITUATION UNDER WHICH THE PARTICULAR MILCH AND MEAT
                         ANIMAL IS MANAGED

Name of district: Kolar                                   Name of animal: Goat
Name of Representative village: Achepally
Name of agro-ecological situation: II            Existing farming system: II
                                                         Resource Rich
Sl.    Ownership         No. of families (%) under different      Total
No.      of land                  farming situation
        Resource         Local breed          Improved breed              (%)
                        No         %           No          %         No           %
 1.   Land owners:
       - Irrigated +    02          8           -           -        02           8
         Rainfed
      Rainfed only      02        33.33         -           -        02          33.33
 2.   Landless           -          -           -           -         -            -
          Total         04         16           -           -        04           16




                                                                                         294
                                            TABLE: 42 D

TYPE OF FARMING SITUATION UNDER WHICH THE PARTICULAR MILCH AND MEAT
                         ANIMAL IS MANAGED

Name of district: Kolar                                   Name of animal: Goat
Name of Representative village: Achepally
Name of agro-ecological situation: II                    Existing farming system: II
                                                         Resource Poor
Sl.    Ownership         No. of families (%) under different       Total
No.      of land                  farming situation
        Resource         Local breed          Improved breed              (%)
                        No         %           No          %         No          %
 1.   Land owners:
       - Irrigated +     -          -           -           -         -           -
         Rainfed
      Rainfed only      10         8.9          -           -        10          8.9
 2.   Landless           -          -           -           -         -           -
          Total         10         8.9          -           -        10          8.9




                                                                                       295
                                                   TABLE No. 43 A
         GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
                        PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME OF MILCH AND MEAT ANIMALS
       District: Kolar                                     Agro-ecological situation: I
       Type of animal: Goat                                Farming situation: 1,2,3,4
       Representative Village: Thotli                             EFS –IV, Resource Rich
Sl.   Items of the package            Recommen Existing          Gap in        Reasons Farmer
No                                    ded            practice    adoption for gap proposed
                                      Practice                   (F/P/N)       in       extension
                                                                    *          adoptio strategy (***)
                                                                               n (**)
1.    Breed up gradation:
      *Artificial insemination:
      - Breed                         Nil            Nil              N            -           -
      - Location                                                      -
      * Natural insemination:                                         -
      - Breed                         Jamanapuri Local &              P            1           1
      - Location                                     Jamunpuri
2.    Feed      management      (per
      animal)
      - Green fodder (kg / day)       4-6            2-3              P
      - Dry fodder (kg / day)         0.5            -                F
      - Concentrates (gms / day)      50-250         50-100           P            2           2
      - Minerals (gms / day)          10-15          -                F
      - Vitamins (ml / day)           3-5            -                F
3.    Inter calving period            6-7 month      9-10             P            3           3
4.    Health care (per year)
      - HSBQ (No.of vaccinations) -                  -                -            -           -
      - FMD                           1/year         Yes              N            -           -
      - Rinder pest                   1 /life time   Yes              N            -           -
      - Mastitis test                 -              -                -            -           -
      - Thilaris                      Tick control No                 F            4         4 &7
      - Deworming                     2-3            0-1              P            7           8

                                                                                                   296
 5.     General management:
        - Washing (times/day)            -              -            -                 -           -
        - Cleaning (times/day)           2              1            P                 -           -
        - Housing (Pacca/Katcha)         p              K            P                 5           5
        - Drinking water (lts./day)      Ad. Lib.       As. Lib      N                 -           -
  6.    Average milk yield (lt/day)      0.2 – 0.3      -                  F           6           6
          (*) F=Full            P = Partial                    N = Nil
** Reasons for gaps: Strategies:                            *** Farmer proposed extension
1. Lack of availability of breed                            1. Awareness & providing breeding stock
2. Lack of availability of fodder, concentrates minerals 2. providing awareness & fodder seeds and trees
& Vitamins
3. Lack of awareness of breeding plan                       3. Awareness about feeding & Breeding
4. Lack of Disease awareness                                4. Awareness through Training demonstration camps
5. Lack of Housing & cleaning awareness                     5. Awareness about Housing & cleaning
6. Lack of awareness about using goat milk for              6. Awareness about goats milk consumption
consumption                                                 Awareness about Milk consumption
7. cost factor                                              7. Providing tick control spray
                                                            8. Conducting dosing camps
                                                      TABLE: 43 B

          GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
                         PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME OF MILCH AND MEAT ANIMALS
        District: Kolar                               Agro-ecological situation: I
        Type of animal: Goat                          Farming situation: 1,2,3,4
        Representative Village: Thotli                       EFS –V, Resource Rich
 Sl.   Items of the package            Recommended Existing     Gap in        Reasons  Farmer
 No                                    Practice     practice    adoption for gap in proposed
                                                                (F/P/N)       adoption extension
                                                                   *          (**)     strategy
                                                                                       (***)
 1.    Breed up gradation:
       *Artificial insemination:
       - Breed                         Nil          Nil              N             -        -
       - Location
       * Natural insemination:
       - Breed                         Deceani      Local            F           1&3        1
       - Location                      Jamanapuri
 2.    Feed      management      (per
       animal)
       - Green fodder (kg / day)       4-6          2-3              P
       - Dry fodder (kg / day)         0.5          -                F
       - Concentrates (gms / day)      50-250       50-100           P             2        2
       - Minerals (gms / day)          10-15        -                F
       - Vitamins (ml / day)           3-5          -                F
 3.    Inter calving period            6-7 month    9-10             P             3        3
 4.    Health care (per year)
       - HSBQ (No.of vaccinations) -                -                -             -        -
       - FMD                           1/year       Yes              -             -        -
       - Rinder pest                   1 /life time Yes              -             -        -
       - Mastitis test                 -            -                -             -        -

                                                                                                           297
       - Thilaris                        -                 -                -            -            -
       - Deworming                       2-3               0-1              P            7            7
  5.   General management:
       - Washing (times/day)             -                 -           -                  -           -
       - Cleaning (times/day)            2                 1           P                  -           -
       - Housing (Pacca/Katcha)          p                 K           P                  5           5
       - Drinking water (lts./day)       Ad. Lib.          As. Lib     N                  -           -
  6.   Average milk yield (lt/day)       2–3               -               F              6           6
         (*) F=Full             P = Partial                   N = Nil
** Reasons for gaps: Strategies:                           *** Farmer proposed extension
1. Lack of availability of breed                           1. Awareness & availability of breed
2. Lack of availability of fodder, concentrates minerals   2. Awareness about feed & fodder
& Vitamins
3. Lack of awareness about breeding plan              3. Awareness of feeding & Breeding
4. Lack of Disease awareness                          4. Awareness through Training & demonstration
                                                      camps
5. Lack of Housing & cleaning awareness               5. Awareness about Housing & cleaning
6. Lack of awareness using goat milk for consumption  6. Awareness about goats milk consumption
7. Cost factor                                        7. Conducting dosing camps
                                                   TABLE: 43 C

          GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
                    PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME OF MILCH AND MEAT ANIMALS

        District: Kolar                                      Agro-ecological situation: II
        Type of animal: Goat                                 Farming situation: 1,2,3,4
        Representative Village: Achepally                           EFS –IV, Resource Poor
 Sl.   Items of the package          Recommended           Existing    Gap in        Reasons      Farmer
 No                                  Practice              practice    adoption for gap in        proposed
                                                                       (F/P/N)       adoption     extension
                                                                          *          (**)         strategy
                                                                                                  (***)
 1.    Breed up gradation:
       *Artificial insemination:
       - Breed                          -                  -                -            -            -
       - Location
       * Natural insemination:
       - Breed                          -                  -                -            -            -
       - Location
 2.    Feed     management       (per   Good quality       Poor
       animal)                          fodder             quality
       - Green fodder (kg / day)        4-6                3-4              P            2            2
       - Dry fodder (kg / day)          0.5                -                F            3            3
       - Concentrates (gms / day)       50-250             -                F            3
       - Minerals (gms / day)           5-10               -                F            3            3
       - Vitamins (ml / day)            2-3                -                F            3
 3.    Inter calving period             6-7 month          9-12             P            3            3
 4.    Health care (per year)
       - HSBQ (No.of vaccinations)      -                  -                -            -            -
       - FMD                            1/year             -                F            1            1

                                                                                                              298
       - Rinder pest                    -                  -                -           -          -
       - Mastitis test                  -                  -                -           -          -
       - Thilaris                       -                                   -           -          -
       - ET                             2 / years          1                P           1          1
        deworming                       2-3 times / year   1/ year          p           5         1&5

 5.    General management:
       - Washing (times/day)            Once in weekly    Once in            -            1              1
                                                          month              P            1              -
        - Cleaning (times/day)           2                1                  P            4              4
        - Housing (Pacca/Katcha)         Pacca            Katcha             N            -              -
        - Drinking water (lts./day)      Adlib.           Adlib
  6.    Average milk yield (lt/day)      500 ml           200 ml             P            3              3
          (*) F=Full            P = Partial                  N = Nil
** Reasons for gaps: Strategies:                          *** Farmer proposed extension
1. Lack of availability of breed                          1. Awareness programme
2. Lack of availability of fodder,                        2. Improve quality of grazing land
3. Unaware of management practices                        3. Providing awareness about management practices
4. High cost of concentrate                               4. Provision for loan at cheaper rate of interfere
5. cost factor                                            5. Conducting dosing programmes
                                                       TABLE: 43 D

          GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
                    PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME OF MILCH AND MEAT ANIMALS

        District: Kolar                                      Agro-ecological situation: II
        Type of animal: Goat                                 Farming situation: 1,2,3,4
        Representative Village: Achepally                           EFS –IV, Resource Rich
 Sl.   Items of the package          Recommended           Existing    Gap in        Reasons    Farmer
 No                                  Practice              practice    adoption for gap in      proposed
                                                                       (F/P/N)       adoption   extension
                                                                          *          (**)       strategy
                                                                                                (***)
 1.    Breed up gradation:
       *Artificial insemination:
       - Breed                          -                  -                -           -           -
       - Location
       * Natural insemination:
       - Breed                          -                  -                -           -           -
       - Location
 2.    Feed     management       (per   Good quality       Poor
       animal)                          fodder             quality
       - Green fodder (kg / day)        4-6                3-4              P           2           2
       - Dry fodder (kg / day)          0.5                -                F           3
       - Concentrates (gms / day)       50-250             -                F           3
       - Minerals (gms / day)           5-10               -                F           3           2
       - Vitamins (ml / day)            2-3                -                F           3           2

 3.    Inter calving period             6-7 month          9-12             P           3           3
 4.    Health care (per year)

                                                                                                            299
       - HSBQ (No.of vaccinations) -                      -               -           -            -
       - FMD                            1/year            -               F           1            4
       - Rinder pest                    -                 -               -           -            -
       - Mastitis test                  -                 -               -           -            -
       - Thilaris                       -                                 -           -            -
       - deworming                      2-3 / years       1               P           4          2 &5
 5.    General management:
       - Washing (times/day)            1                 -               N           -            2
       - Cleaning (times/day)           3                 1               P           1            2
       - Housing (Pacca/Katcha)         Pacca             Katcha          F           -            4
       - Drinking water (lts./day)      Adlib.            Adlib           -           -            -
 6.    Average milk yield (lt/day)      500 ml            200 ml          P           3            3
         (*) F=Full            P = Partial                  N = Nil

** Reasons for gaps: Strategies:                         *** Farmer proposed extension
1. Lack of availability of breed                         1. Availability fodder
2. Non availability of fodder,                           2. Conducing awareness programme
3. unaware of Management practices                       3. Conducting awareness about management
                                                         practices
                                                         4. Providing Credit facility
                                                         5. Conducting mass dosing programmes
                                                      TABLE: 43 E

          GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
                    PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME OF MILCH AND MEAT ANIMALS

        District: Kolar                                     Agro-ecological situation: III
        Type of animal: Goat                                Farming situation: 1,2,3,4
        Representative Village: Malamachanahalli             EFS –IV, Resource Rich
 Sl.   Items of the package          Recommended          Existing      Gap in        Reasons    Farmer
 No                                  Practice             practice      adoption for gap in      proposed
                                                                        (F/P/N)       adoption   extension
                                                                           *          (**)       strategy
                                                                                                 (***)
 1.    Breed up gradation:
       *Artificial insemination:
       - Breed                          -                 -                   -           -            -
       - Location
       * Natural insemination:
       - Breed                          Improved breed    Non                 P       1&2          1&2
       - Location                       Jamunapuri        description                               3
 2.    Feed     management       (per
       animal)
       - Green fodder (kg / day)        5                 5                   N
       - Dry fodder (kg / day)          1                 ½ kg                P           6
       - Concentrates (gms / day)       100 g/ day        Not fallow          F           3            1
       - Minerals (gms / day)           10                Not fallow          F
       - Vitamins (ml / day)            1                 Not fallow          F
 3.    Inter calving period             8 month           1                   P           4            1
 4.    Health care (per year)

                                                                                                           300
        - HSBQ (No.of vaccinations) -                    -                   -          -          -
        - FMD                            Annually        Annually            P        1&4          1
        - Rinder pest                    -               not fallow          P        1&4          1
        - Mastitis test                  -               -                   -          -          -
        - Thilaris                       -Annually       -                   -          -          -
        - Goat pox                       2 – 3 times /    -”-                P        1&4          1
         deworming                       year            1/ year             P         4& 7       1& 4
  5.    General management:
        - Washing (times/day)                                                           -            1
        - Cleaning (times/day)                                                          1            1
        - Housing (Pacca/Katcha)                                                        -            1
        - Drinking water (lts./day)      10 litres       10 litres           N          -            -
  6.    Average milk yield (lt/day)      2               ½ ltrs              P        1&5        1, 2& 3
          (*) F=Full            P = Partial                 N = Nil
** Reasons for gaps: Strategies:                         *** Farmer proposed extension
1. Lack of availability of breed                         1. Training & field visits
2. Non availability of fodder,                           2. Encouraging breeders
3. Cost factors                                          3. Providing breeding rams
4. Unaware of management practices                       4. Conducting dosing programmes
5. Lack of Breed upgradation
6. Grazing land
7. Cost factor
                                                     TABLE NO. 44 A

        TYPE OF FARMING SITUATION UNDER WHICH THE PARTICULAR MILCH AND MEAT
                                 ANIMAL IS MANAGED

       Name of district:                                           Name of animal: Sheep
       Name of Representative village: Thotli
       Name of agro-ecological situation: I                 Existing farming system: IV

        Sl.    Ownership         No. of families (%) under different        Total
        No.      of land                  farming situation
                Resource         Local breed         Improved breed                 (%)
                                No          %          No           %          No          %
         1.   Land owners:
               - Irrigated +     02         25          -            -         02          25
                 Rainfed
              Rainfed only       03        37.5         -            -         03         37.5
         2.   Landless           03        37.5         -            -         03         37.5
                  Total          08      100.00         -            -         08          100




                                                                                                           301
                                           TABLE: 44 B

TYPE OF FARMING SITUATION UNDER WHICH THE PARTICULAR MILCH AND MEAT
                         ANIMAL IS MANAGED

Name of district:                                          Name of animal: Sheep
Name of Representative village: Thotli
Name of agro-ecological situation: I                Existing farming system: IV

Sl.    Ownership          No. of families (%) under different       Total
No.      of land                   farming situation
        Resource          Local breed         Improved breed                (%)
                         No         %          No           %          No          %
 1.   Land owners:
       - Irrigated +     02        14.28        -            -         02         14.28
         Rainfed
       Rainfed only      05        35.71        -            -         05         35.71
 2.   Landless           07        50.00        -            -         07         50.00
          Total          14        99.99        -            -         14         99.99

                                                                                          302
                                            TABLE: 44 C

TYPE OF FARMING SITUATION UNDER WHICH THE PARTICULAR MILCH AND MEAT
                         ANIMAL IS MANAGED

Name of district:                                          Name of animal: Sheep
Name of Representative village: Achepally
Name of agro-ecological situation: II               Existing farming system: II

Sl.    Ownership         No. of families (%) under different        Total
No.      of land                  farming situation
        Resource         Local breed          Improved breed                 (%)
                        No         %           No            %         No           %
 1.   Land owners:
       - Irrigated +    02          8           -            -          02          8
         Rainfed
      Rainfed only      04        3716          -            -          04         3716
 2.   Landless           -          -           -            -          -           -
          Total         06         24           -            -          06          24

                                                                                          303
                                            TABLE: 44 D

TYPE OF FARMING SITUATION UNDER WHICH THE PARTICULAR MILCH AND MEAT
                         ANIMAL IS MANAGED

Name of district:                                         Name of animal: Sheep
Name of Representative village: Achepally
Name of agro-ecological situation: II
                                            Existing farming system: II

Sl.    Ownership         No. of families (%) under different        Total
No.      of land                  farming situation
        Resource         Local breed          Improved breed                   (%)
                        No         %            No          %             No         %
 1.   Land owners:
       - Irrigated +    05         4.5           -           -            05         4.5
         Rainfed
      Rainfed only       -          -            -           -            -           -

                                                                                           304
       2.   Landless          -         -         -           -       -         -
                Total        05        4.5        -           -       05       4.5




                                             TABLE No. 45 A

         GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
                       PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME OF MILCH AND MEAT ANIMALS
       District: Kolar                              Agro-ecological situation: I
       Type of animal: Sheep                                Farming situation: 1,2,3,4
       Representative Village: Thotli                       EFS –IV, Resource Rich
Sl.   Items of the package            Recommended Existing      Gap in       Reasons   Farmer
No                                    Practice    practice      adoption for gap in proposed
                                                                (F/P/N)      adoption  extension
                                                                   *         (**)      strategy
                                                                                       (***)
1.    Breed up gradation:
      *Artificial insemination:
      - Breed                         Nil         Nil                N             -        -
      - Location
      * Natural insemination:
      - Breed                         Bannur/     Non                F             3      1&4
                                      Rambule     descriptive
      - Location                      -           -                  -             -        -
2.    Feed      management      (per Good quality Poor quality
      animal)
      - Green fodder (kg / day)       4-6         3-5                P             1      1&2
      - Dry fodder (kg / day)         0.5         -                  F             1        2

                                                                                              305
       - Concentrates (gms / day)       50-250            Nil               F            1           1
       - Minerals (gms / day)           5-10              Nil               F            1           1
       - Vitamins (ml / day)            2-3               Nil               F            1           1
3.     Inter calving period             6-7 month         9-12              P            4           1
4.     Health care (per year)
       - Deworming                      3-4               1-2               P            3           1
       - HSBQ (No.of vaccinations) -                      -                 -            -           -
       - FMD                            1 / year          Yes               N            -           -
       - Rinder pest                    1/ life time      Yes               N            -           -
       - Mastitis test                  -                  -                -            -           -
       - Thilaris                       -                 -                 -            -           -
       - E.T vaccination                2 / years         1 / years         P            3           1
5.     General management:
       - Washing (times/day)            2-4/ month         1/month             P          -           1
       - Cleaning (times/day)           2                  1                   P          1           1
       - Housing (Pacca/Katcha)         Pacca              Katcha              P          -           1
       - Drinking water (lts./day)      Adlib              Adlib               N          -           -
6.     Average milk yield (lt/day)      -                  -                    -         -           -
         (*) F=Full            P = Partial                    N = Nil
   ** Reasons for gaps:                                  *** Farmer proposed extension Strategies:
   1. Lack of awareness                                  1. Awareness camps
   2. Lack of fodder availability                        2. Enrichment of dry fodder & improvement of
                                                         grass land
  3. Lack of availability of recommended rams            3. Providing graded rams
  4. Lack of management practices                        4. Providing breed
  5. cost factor                                         5. providing credit facility
                                                         6. conducting deworming camps

                                                       TABLE: 45 B

         GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
                   PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME OF MILCH AND MEAT ANIMALS

       District: Kolar                                      Agro-ecological situation: I
       Type of animal: Sheep                                       Farming situation: 1,2,3,4
       Representative Village: Thotli                              EFS –V, Resource Rich
Sl.   Items of the package            Recommended         Existing     Gap in        Reasons     Farmer
No                                    Practice            practice     adoption for gap in       proposed
                                                                       (F/P/N)       adoption    extension
                                                                          *          (**)        strategy
                                                                                                 (***)
1.    Breed up gradation:
      *Artificial insemination:
      - Breed                           Nil               Nil               N            -            -
      - Location
      * Natural insemination:
      - Breed                          Bannur/            Non               F            1         1&2
                                       Rambule            discriminate
      - Location                       -                  -                  -                        -
2.    Feed     management         (per Good quality       Poor quality

                                                                                                          306
      animal)
      - Green fodder (kg / day)        4-6               3-5                P            1              1
      - Dry fodder (kg / day)          0.5               -                  F            1              1
      - Concentrates (gms / day)       50-250            Nil                F            1              1
      - Minerals (gms / day)           5-10              Nil                F            1              1
      - Vitamins (ml / day)            2-3               Nil                F            1              1
3.    Inter calving period             6-7 month         9-12               P            1              1
4.    Health care (per year)
      - E.T vaccination                2 / yeara         2 / years          -            1              -
      - HSBQ (No.of vaccinations) -                      -                  -            -              -
      - FMD                            1 / year          0-1 / year         P            1              1
      - Rinder pest                    1/ life time      0-1 / year         P            1              1
      - ET vac                         -                  -                 -            -              -
      .- Thilaris                      -                 -                  -            -              -
      - Deworming                      3 / years         1-3 / years        P            1              1
5.    General management:
      - Washing (times/day)            2-4/ month        1/month            P            1              1
      - Cleaning (times/day)           2                 1                  P            1              1
      - Housing (Pacca/Katcha)         Pacca             Katcha             P            1              1
      - Drinking water (lts./day)      Adlib             Adlib              -            -              -
6.    Average milk yield (lt/day)      -                 -                  -            -              -
        (*) F=Full            P = Partial                  N = Nil

       ** Reasons for gaps: Strategies:        *** Farmer proposed extension Strategies:
       1. Lack of awareness                    1. Awareness programme through training & field visits
       2. cost factor                          2. Providing rams
                                               3. conducting mass deworming camps

                                                      TABLE: 45 C

         GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
                       PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME OF MILCH AND MEAT ANIMALS
       District: Kolar                              Agro-ecological situation: II
       Type of animal: Sheep                                Farming situation: 1,2,3,4
       Representative Village: Achepally                     EFS –IV, Resource Rich
Sl.   Items of the package           Recommended Existing       Gap in       Reasons   Farmer
No                                   Practice     practice      adoption for gap in proposed
                                                                (F/P/N)      adoption  extension
                                                                   *         (**)      strategy
                                                                                       (***)
1.    Breed up gradation:
      *Artificial insemination:
      - Breed                        -            -                  -             -        -
      - Location
      * Natural insemination:
      - Breed                        Bannur/      Local              P             2        1
                                     Rambule      -
      - Location                     -                               -                      -
2.    Feed      management      (per Good quality Poor quality
      animal)

                                                                                                            307
      - Green fodder (kg / day)          4-6                3-5                 P             3           2
      - Dry fodder (kg / day)            0.5                -                   F             1
      - Concentrates (gms / day)         50-250             Nil                 F             1
      - Minerals (gms / day)             5-10               Nil                 F             1           3
      - Vitamins (ml / day)              2-3                Nil                 F             1           3
3.    Inter calving period               6-7 month          9-12                P             4           4
4.    Health care (per year)
      - HSBQ (No.of vaccinations) -                         -                   -             -           -
      - FMD                              1 / year           -                   F             1           1
      - Rinder pest                      -                  -                   -             -           -
      - Mastitis test                    -                   -                  -             -           -
      - Thilaris                         -                  -                   -             -           -
      - E.T vaccination                  2/ years           1 / years           P             1           1
      - Deworming                        4 times / year     1/ year             F          1&6           5&6
5.    General management:
      - Washing (times/day)              1 / week           1/month             N             5           5
      - Cleaning (times/day)             3                  1                   P             1           5
      - Housing (Pacca/Katcha)           Pacca              Katcha              P             1           5
      - Drinking water (lts./day)        Adlib              Adlib               N             -           -
6.    Average milk yield (lt/day)        -                  -                   -             -           -
        (*) F=Full              P = Partial                    N = Nil
         ** Reasons for gaps: Strategies:            *** Farmer proposed extension Strategies:
         1. Lack of awareness                        1. Supply of improved breed
         2. Lack of improved breed                   2. Improved variety of fodder in present grass land
         3. Lack of availability fodder              3. Supply of minerals & vitamins
         4. Poor management practices                4. Management practices
         5. lack of availability of water            5. Awareness programme through training & field
                                                     visits
         6. cost factor                              6. Conducting dosing camps

                                                  TABLE: 45 D
         GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
                       PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME OF MILCH AND MEAT ANIMALS
       District: Kolar                                 Agro-ecological situation: II
       Type of animal: Sheep                                   Farming situation: 1,2,3,4
       Representative Village: Achapally                        EFS –II, Resource Poor
Sl.   Items of the package           Recommended Existing          Gap in       Reasons   Farmer
No                                   Practice        practice      adoption for gap in proposed
                                                                   (F/P/N)      adoption  extension
                                                                      *         (**)      strategy
                                                                                          (***)
1.    Breed up gradation:
      *Artificial insemination:
      - Breed                        -               -                   -            -        -
      - Location
      * Natural insemination:
      - Breed                        Bannur/         Local               P            1        1
                                     Rambule         -
      - Location                     -                                   -                     -
2.    Feed      management      (per Good quality    Poor quality

                                                                                                               308
      animal)
      - Green fodder (kg / day)         4-6            3-5                 P             2           2
      - Dry fodder (kg / day)           0.5            -                   F             3           3
      - Concentrates (gms / day)        50-250         Nil                 F             3           3
      - Minerals (gms / day)            5-10           Nil                 F             3           3
      - Vitamins (ml / day)             2-3            Nil                 F             3           4
3.    Inter calving period              6-7 month      9-12                P             4           5
4.    Health care (per year)
      - HSBQ (No.of vaccinations) -                    -                   -             -           -
      - FMD                             1 / year       -                   F             3           3
      - Rinder pest                     -              -                   -             -           -
      - Mastitis test                   -               -                  -             -           -
      - Thilaris                        -              -                   -             -           -
      - E.T vaccination                 2/ years       1 / years           P             3           -
      - Deworming                       4/ year        1/ year             F             3           3
5.    General management:
      - Washing (times/day)             1 / week        1/month              P          5            6
      - Cleaning (times/day)            3               1                    P          3            3
      - Housing (Pacca/Katcha)          Pacca           Katcha               F          6            7
      - Drinking water (lts./day)       Adlib           Adlib               N           -            -
6.    Average milk yield (lt/day)       -               -                    -          -            -
        (*) F=Full             P = Partial                 N = Nil
         ** Reasons for gaps: Strategies:             *** Farmer proposed extension Strategies:
         1. Lack of improved breed                    1. Supply of improved breed
         2. Non availability of green fodder          2. Availability of green fodder
         3. Lack of awareness                         3. Awareness through training & field visits
         4. Management practices                      4. Supply of minerals & vitamins
         5. Non Availability of water                 5. Improve management practices
         6. cost factor                               6. providing water facility
                                                      7. providing Credit facility

                                                    TABLE: 45 E

         GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
                       PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME OF MILCH AND MEAT ANIMALS
       District: Kolar                             Agro-ecological situation: III
       Type of animal: Sheep                              Farming situation: 1,2,3,4
       Representative Village: Malamachanahalli    EFS –II, Resource Poor
Sl.   Items of the package          Recommended Existing       Gap in       Reasons    Farmer
No                                  Practice    practice       adoption     for gap in proposed
                                                               (F/P/N)      adoption   extension
                                                                  *         (**)       strategy
                                                                                       (***)
1.    Breed up gradation:
      *Artificial insemination:
      - Breed                       -           -                   -             -          -
      - Location
      * Natural insemination:
      - Breed                       Bannur/     Non                 P           1&2       1&2
                                    Rambule     description

                                                                                                         309
     - Location                       -                                   -                      -
2.   Feed      management      (per Good quality      Poor quality
     animal)
     - Green fodder (kg / day)        5 kg            3                  P           1&3         1
     - Dry fodder (kg / day)          1 kg            Not                P           1&4         1
     - Concentrates (gms / day)       100 g           fallowed           F            5          -
     - Minerals (gms / day)           5g              -                  F            -          1
     - Vitamins (ml / day)            1 ml            -                  F            -          2
3.   Inter calving period             8 month         1 year             P            6          1
4.   Health care (per year)
     - HSBQ (No.of vaccinations) -                    -                  -               -       1
     - FMD                            Annually        Annually           P               1       1
     - Rinder pest                    -               -                  P               1       -
     - Mastitis test                  -                -                 -               -       -
     - Thilaris                       -               -                  -               -       -
     - E.T vaccination                Annually        Annually           P               1       1
     - Deworming                      4/ year         1/ year            P               5       4
5.   General management:
     - Washing (times/day)            1 / week        1/month            P               1       1
     - Cleaning (times/day)           -”-             1                  P               1       1
     - Housing (Pacca/Katcha)         Pacca           Katcha             P               5       1
     - Drinking water (lts./day)      5 lts           5 lts              N                       -
6.   Average milk yield (lt/day)      -               -                  -               -       -
       (*) F=Full            P = Partial                 N = Nil

      ** Reasons for gaps: Strategies:               *** Farmer proposed extension Strategies:
      1. Lack of awareness                           1. Training + Exposure
      2. Non availability of breed                   2. Encouraging Sheep breeders
      3. Partial availability of green fodder        3. providing quality rams
      4. Lack of grazing land                        4. conducting dosing camps
      5. Cost factor



                                                TABLE NO. 46 A

      TYPE OF FARMING SITUATION UNDER WHICH THE PARTICULAR MILCH AND MEAT
                               ANIMAL IS MANAGED

     Name of district:                                           Name of animal: Buffalo
     Name of Representative village; Thotli
     Name of agro-ecological situation: I

      Sl.    Ownership           No. of families (%) under different     Total
      No.      of land                    farming situation
              Resource           Local breed         Improved breed                (%)
                                No          %         No           %          No             %
      1.    Land owners:

                                                                                                     310
       - Irrigated +     05        31.25        -          -        05         31.25
         Rainfed
       Rainfed only      07        43.75        -          -        07         43.75
 2.   Landless           04        25.00        -          -        04         25.00
          Total          16       100.00        -          -        16         100




                                           TABLE: 46 B

TYPE OF FARMING SITUATION UNDER WHICH THE PARTICULAR MILCH AND MEAT
                         ANIMAL IS MANAGED

Name of district:                                        Name of animal: Buffalo
Name of Representative village; Thotli
Name of agro-ecological situation: I

Sl.    Ownership          No. of families (%) under different    Total
No.      of land                   farming situation
        Resource          Local breed         Improved breed             (%)
                         No         %          No          %        No          %
 1.   Land owners:
       - Irrigated +     05        35.71        -          -        05         35.71

                                                                                       311
         Rainfed
      Rainfed only      07        50.00         -           -        07         50.00
 2.   Landless          02        14.28         -           -        02         14.28
          Total         16        99.99         -           -        16         99.99




                                            TABLE: 46 C

TYPE OF FARMING SITUATION UNDER WHICH THE PARTICULAR MILCH AND MEAT
                         ANIMAL IS MANAGED

Name of district:                                         Name of animal: Buffalo
Name of Representative village: Achepally
Name of agro-ecological situation: II

Sl.    Ownership         No. of families (%) under different      Total
No.      of land                  farming situation
        Resource         Local breed          Improved breed              (%)
                        No         %           No          %         No          %
 1.   Land owners:


                                                                                        312
       - Irrigated +    05         20           -           -        05          20
         Rainfed
      Rainfed only      10         40           -           -        10          40
 2.   Landless           -          -           -           -         --
          Total         15         60           -           -        15          60




                                            TABLE: 46 D

TYPE OF FARMING SITUATION UNDER WHICH THE PARTICULAR MILCH AND MEAT
                         ANIMAL IS MANAGED

Name of district:                                         Name of animal: Buffalo
Name of Representative village: Achepally
Name of agro-ecological situation: II

Sl.    Ownership         No. of families (%) under different      Total
No.      of land                  farming situation
        Resource         Local breed          Improved breed               (%)
                        No         %           No          %         No          %

                                                                                      313
       1.   Land owners:
             - Irrigated +    -        -          -           -       -        -
               Rainfed
            Rainfed only     40       35.7        -           -      40       35.7
       2.   Landless          -        -          -           -       -        -
                Total        40       35.7        -           -      40       35.7




                                             TABLE No. 47 A

         GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
                       PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME OF MILCH AND MEAT ANIMALS
       District: Kolar                              Agro-ecological situation: I
       Type of animal: Buffalo                             Farming situation: 1,2,3,4
       Representative Village: Thotli                      EFS –IV, Resource Rich
Sl.   Items of the package            Recommended Existing     Gap in        Reasons  Farmer
No                                    Practice    practice     adoption for gap in proposed
                                                               (F/P/N)       adoption extension
                                                                  *          (**)     strategy
                                                                                      (***)
1.    Breed up gradation:
      *Artificial insemination:
      - Breed                         SURTI/      AI &              P             1        1
      - Location                      MURRAH      Natural           P

                                                                                             314
      * Natural insemination:          PVC/MPCS          service
      - Breed                                            Yes                 F           1&2            1
      - Location                       Nil
2.    Feed      management      (per
      animal)
      - Green fodder (kg / day)        30-40             20-30               P            2             2
      - Dry fodder (kg / day)          5-6               -                   P            2             2
      - Concentrates (gms / day)       500-250           -                   F            2             2
      - Minerals (gms / day)           20-30             -                   F            2             2
      - Vitamins (ml / day)            5-10              -                   F            2             2
3.    Inter calving period             15-18 month       24-30               P            2             3
4.    Health care (per year)
      - HSBQ (No.of vaccinations)      -                 2/year              N            -             -
      - FMD                            2 /year           1/year              N            -             -
      - Rinder pest                    1/year            Yes                 N            -             -
      - Mastitis test                  1/life time       -                   -            -             -
      - Thilaris                       -                 Yes                 N            -             -
      - Etc. Deworming                 On demand         1 /year             P            3             4
                                       1-2/yr
5.    General management:
      - Washing (times/day)            1                 Nil                 F            4             -
      - Cleaning (times/day)           1                 Nil                 F                          5
      - Housing (Pacca/Katcha)         Pacca             Katcha              P            4             -
      - Drinking water (lts./day)      Adlib             Yes                 N            -             -
6.    Average milk yield (lt/day)      -                 -                   -            -             -
        (*) F=Full            P = Partial                  N = Nil

** Reasons for gaps: Strategies:                     *** Farmer proposed extension Strategies:
1. Lack of Technical personal                        1. Providing qualified technical person
2. Lack of awareness & availability of fodder        2. Awareness of production of fodder storage
3. Lack of availability of medicine                  3. Awareness breeding & Infertility camps
4. Lack of finance for housing & water               4. Deworming camps
availability
                                                      5. Provision of public water tanks & credit from banks.
                                                     TABLE: 47 B

         GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
                   PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME OF MILCH AND MEAT ANIMALS

       District: Kolar                                     Agro-ecological situation: I
       Type of animal: Buffalo                                    Farming situation: 1,2,3,4
       Representative Village: Thotli                             EFS –V, Resource Poor
Sl.   Items of the package            Recommended        Existing     Gap in        Reasons         Farmer
No                                    Practice           practice     adoption for gap in           proposed
                                                                      (F/P/N)       adoption        extension
                                                                         *          (**)            strategy
                                                                                                    (***)
1.    Breed up gradation:
      *Artificial insemination:
      - Breed                          SURTI/            Partial             P            1           1&3

                                                                                                            315
      - Location                      MURRAH                                                             1
      * Natural insemination:         PVC/MPCS
      - Breed
      - Location                      Nil                 Yes                 F            1           1&3

2.    Feed      management      (per
      animal)
      - Green fodder (kg / day)        30-40              20-30               P            2             2
      - Dry fodder (kg / day)          5-6                -                   P            2             2
      - Concentrates (gms / day)       500-250            -                   F            2             2
      - Minerals (gms / day)           20-30              -                   F            2             2
      - Vitamins (ml / day)            5-10               -                   F            2             2
3.    Inter calving period             15-18 month        24-30               P            2             3
4.    Health care (per year)
      - HSBQ (No.of vaccinations) -                       2/year              N            -             -
      - FMD                            2 /year            1/year              N            -             -
      - Rinder pest                    1/year             Yes                 N            -             -
      - Mastitis test                  1/life time        1 /life time        -            -             -
      - Thilaris                       -                  -                   N            -             -
      - Etc. Deworming                 1-2/yr             1 /year             P            3             4
5.    General management:
      - Washing (times/day)            1                   Nil                 F             -            -
      - Cleaning (times/day)           1                   Nil                 F             4            5
      - Housing (Pacca/Katcha)         Pacca               Katcha              P             -            -
      - Drinking water (lts./day)      Adlib               Yes                 N             -            -
6.    Average milk yield (lt/day)      4-6                 2-3                 -             -            -
        (*) F=Full            P = Partial                     N = Nil
         ** Reasons for gaps: Strategies:                *** Farmer proposed extension Strategies:
         1. Lack of Technical personal                   1. Provision qualified technical person
         2. Lack of awareness availability of fodder     2. Providing technical awareness about feed , fodder &
                                                         storage
       3. Lack of availability of medicine               3. Awareness about breeding & Infertility camps
       4. Lack of finance & availability of water        4. Deworming camps
                                                         5. Provision of public water tanks & credit from banks.

                                                       TABLE: 47 C

         GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
                       PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME OF MILCH AND MEAT ANIMALS
       District: Kolar                             Agro-ecological situation: II
       Type of animal: Buffalo                           Farming situation: 1,2,3,4
       Representative Village: Achepally                 EFS –IV, Resource Poor
Sl.   Items of the package          Recommended Existing      Gap in        Reasons    Farmer
No                                  Practice    practice      adoption      for gap in proposed
                                                              (F/P/N)       adoption   extension
                                                                 *          (**)       strategy
                                                                                       (***)
1.    Breed up gradation:
      *Artificial insemination:
      - Breed                       SURTI/      Surthi,            N

                                                                                                              316
      - Location                     MURRAH             murrah at          -            3
      * Natural insemination:        nearest vet.       the village        F
      - Breed                        Institution        by MPCS
      - Location                                        Yes                F            3
                                     Nil
2.    Feed      management      (per
      animal)
      - Green fodder (kg / day)        20-30            15-20              P           2            1
      - Dry fodder (kg / day)          4-5              3-4                P           2            1
      - Concentrates (gms / day)       -                -                  -           -            -
      - Minerals (gms / day)           15-30            -                  F           1            1
      - Vitamins (ml / day)            5-10             -                  F           1            1
3.    Inter calving period             14-16 month      18-24              P          1&5          1&3
4.    Health care (per year)
      - HSBQ (No.of vaccinations) 1                     1                  N            -           -
      - FMD                            1                1                  N            -           -
      - Rinder pest                    1/life time      -                  N            -           -
      - Mastitis test                  1/life time      -                  -            -           1
      - Thilaris                       -                -                  F            -           -
      - Deworming                      2/y              nil                F            4           6
5.    General management:
      - Washing (times/day)            1                1                  N            -           1
      - Cleaning (times/day)           1                1                  P            1           2
      - Housing (Pacca/Katcha)         Pacca            Katcha             F            -           -
      - Drinking water (lts./day)      Adlib            Adlib              N            -           -
6.    Average milk yield (lt/day)      3-5              1-2                p            5           3
        (*) F=Full            P = Partial                 N = Nil

       ** Reasons for gaps: Strategies:                *** Farmer proposed extension Strategies:
       1. Lack of awareness                            1. Awareness camps
       2. Lack of availability of fodder               2. Availability finance
       3. Repeated breeding                            3. Management practice
       4. Lack of availability of medicine             4. Fodder availability
       5. Poor management                              5. Providing qualified technical persons
                                                       6. conducting deworming camps

                                                     TABLE: 47 D

         GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
                       PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME OF MILCH AND MEAT ANIMALS
       District: Kolar                            Agro-ecological situation: II
       Type of animal: Buffalo                           Farming situation: 1,2,3,4
       Representative Village: Achepally                 EFS –IV, Resource Rich
Sl.   Items of the package          Recommended Existing     Gap in        Reasons  Farmer
No                                  Practice    practice     adoption for gap in proposed
                                                             (F/P/N)       adoption extension
                                                                *          (**)     strategy
                                                                                    (***)
1.    Breed up gradation:
      *Artificial insemination:

                                                                                                         317
      - Breed                          SURTI/            Surthi,            N
      - Location                       MURRAH            murrah at          -
      * Natural insemination:          nearest vet.      the village
      - Breed                          Institution       by MPCS
      - Location                                         Local              F            3          5
                                       Nil
2.    Feed      management      (per
      animal)
      - Green fodder (kg / day)        20-30             15-20              P           1&2         1
      - Dry fodder (kg / day)          4-5               3-4                P           1&2         1
      - Concentrates (gms / day)       -                 -                  -            -          -
      - Minerals (gms / day)           15-30             -                  F            2          1
      - Vitamins (ml / day)            5-10              -                  F            2          1
3.    Inter calving period             14-16 month       18-24              P            5          3
4.    Health care (per year)
      - HSBQ (No.of vaccinations)      1                 1                  N            -          -
      - FMD                            1                 1                  N            -          -
      - Rinder pest                    1/life time       -                  N            -          -
      - Mastitis test                  1/life time       -                  -            -          -
      - Thilaris                       -                 -                  F            1          1
      - Deworming                      2/y               nil                F            1          1

5.    General management:
      - Washing (times/day)            1                 1                  N            -          1
      - Cleaning (times/day)           1                 1                  P            1          2
      - Housing (Pacca/Katcha)         Pacca             Katcha             F            -          -
      - Drinking water (lts./day)      Adlib             Adlib              N            -          -
6.    Average milk yield (lt/day)      3-5               1-2                P            5          3
        (*) F=Full            P = Partial                  N = Nil

       ** Reasons for gaps: Strategies:                 *** Farmer proposed extension Strategies:
       1. Lack of awareness                             1. Awareness camps
       2. Lack of availability of fodder                2. Availability finance
       3. Repeat breeding                               3. Management practice
       4. High cost                                     4. Fodder availability
       5. Poor management practices                     5. providing qualified technical persons

                                                      TABLE: 47 E

         GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING THE
                       PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME OF MILCH AND MEAT ANIMALS
       District: Kolar                            Agro-ecological situation: III
       Type of animal: Buffalo                           Farming situation: 1,2,3,4
       Representative Village: Malamachanahally   EFS –IV, Resource Rich
Sl.   Items of the package          Recommended Existing     Gap in        Reasons  Farmer
No                                  Practice    practice     adoption for gap in proposed
                                                             (F/P/N)       adoption extension
                                                                *          (**)     strategy
                                                                                    (***)
1.    Breed up gradation:                       Not all

                                                                                                        318
     *Artificial insemination:                         fallowed
     - Breed                          Surti/ Murrah    AI centre          P
     - Location                       AI centre                           -            1          1&5
     * Natural insemination:          Nil              Yes                F            1           1
     - Breed
     - Location

2.   Feed      management       (per
     animal)
     - Green fodder (kg / day)         25              20                 P           1            1
     - Dry fodder (kg / day)           5               6                  N           -            -
     - Concentrates (gms / day)        1 kg/2 ½ lts    not fallowed       F           3            1
     - Minerals (gms / day)            30g/animal      not fallowed       F           -            -
     - Vitamins (ml / day)             3               not fallowed       F           1            -
3.   Inter calving period              18 month        24-30              P          1&4          1&5
4.   Health care (per year)
     - HSBQ (No.of vaccinations) Annually              Annually           P            1           1
     - FMD                             Annually        not fallowed       P            1           1
     - Rinder pest                     -               -                  -            4           -
     - Mastitis test                   On need         -                  F            1           3
     - Thilaris                        On need         All are not        P            3           1
     - deworming                                       fallowed                        -           -
5.   General management:
     - Washing (times/day)             1                1                   N          -           -
     - Cleaning (times/day)            1                1                   N          -           -
     - Housing (Pacca/Katcha)          Pacca            not fallowed         P         3           4
     - Drinking water (lts./day)       50               50                  N          1           1
6.   Average milk yield (lt/day)       4                3                    P         5           1
       (*) F=Full             P = Partial                  N = Nil
        ** Reasons for gaps: Strategies:              *** Farmer proposed extension Strategies:
        1. Lack of awareness                          1. Awareness camps
        2. Availability of fodder                     2. Availability of green fodder
        3. Cost factor                                3. Supply testing material
      4. Management practices                         4. Credit facility
                                                      5. Conducting fertility improvement camps




                                                                                                        319
                                                                TABLE: 48 A

                            GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATGY FOR IMPROVING
                                             THE SEED PRODUCTION / INCOME


Village: Thotli                                                               Agro-ecological situation: Red sandy loan
District: Kolar                                                               Farming situation: Resource Rich

 Sl.      Item of package      Recommended        Existing practice      Gap in     Reason for gap in adoption         Proposed extension
 No.                              practice                              adoption                                            strategy
                                                                         (F/P/N)
  1                2                   3                   4                5                      6                               7
1A      Induced breeding     By injecting         Only Govt farms      F           Non availability of water fish      The existing Bore
        (Happa)              pituitary gland      are practicing.                  ponds lack of finance needs         well water storage
        i) Carp              extract or ovaprim   Private farmers                  much investment                     ponds have to be
        ii) Catfish                               are not practicing               Lack of knowledge on fish           depended and
        iii) Prawn                                fish culture                     culture fear of risk fear of        modified to take up
                                                                                   poaching. The district is           fish culture as well as
                                                                                   drought hit since 4 years. The      fish seed production.
                                                                                   public irrigation tanks are         Demonstrations
                                                                                   silted up. Water retention          should be carried out
                                                                                   period is less. Non availability    in a few ponds. Field
                                                                                   of water fish ponds highly          visits success stories
                                                                                   porous soil water relation          are proposed.
                                                                                   period is very less in tanks        Training on inland
                                                                                   Involves high investment            Fish culture is
                                                                                   Lack of knowledge on fish           requested. The
                                                                                   culture. Fear of poaching, fear     irrigation tanks have
                                                                                   of risk. The district is drought    to be desalted making
                                                                                   hit since 4 years. The public       the tank feasible for
                                                                                   irrigation tanks are silted up      fish culture there by
                                                                                   the tanks are unsuitable for fish   creating demand for
                                                                                   culture as they are shallow in      seed production
                                                                                   depth

                                                                                                                                                 320
     Contd… Table 48 A
B    Spontaneous           By putting weeds in -do-     F
     breeding (common      the pond
     carp)
2.   Nursery preparation                         -do-   F
     a) Routine
     manuring
     (i) Raw cow dung
     (ii) Lime             10000 kg/ha
     b) Instant manuring   40 gm/sqm
     (i) Inorganic
        fertilizer         4 gm/super
     (ii) Oil cake         phosphate / m3
     (iii) Raw cow dung    150 gm/ m3
                           300 gm.m3
3.   Insect control                              -do-   F
         a) Manual         By netting with
                           small meshed net
                           Spraying 1:3 soap
         b) Oil, soap      oil emulsion
4.   Spawn stocking                              -do-   F
     a) Single species     50 lakhs / ha
     b) Multi species      > 100 lakhs/ha
5.   Feeding schedule      1st four days 100%
                           of body weight/day
                           2nd four days 200%
                           of body weight/ day
                           3rd four days 400%
                           of body weight/day
     a) Oil cake           0.5kg/lakh /day
     b) Rice bran          0.5 kg/lakhs/day
     c) Green leaf         Nil
6.   Disease               -
7.   Rearing period        45 days



                                                            321
                                                     Contd… Table 28 A
8.    Method             of
      harvesting
      i) Yield within 15      Dragging with
         days                 velon screen 25
      (Recovery 50%)          lakh
      ii) Yield within 30     12.5 lakh
         days (Recovery
          25%)
      iii) Yield within 45    10 lakh
         days (Recovery
          20%)
9.    Marketing               Sold to farmers
                              who are practicing
                              fish culture upto 10
                              tons / ha based on
                              method of culture
10.   Production of fish
      (ton/ha)




                                                                         322
                                            TABLE: 50


      GAP IN ADOPTION AND PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING
                         THE PRODUCTIVITY / INCOME

     Village: Thotli                    District: Kolar
     Farming situation: Resource Rich           Agro-ecological situation: Red sandy Loan

Sl. Item of package               Recommended             Existing   Gap in     Reason for   Proposed
No.                               practice                practice   adoption   gap in       extension
                                                                     (F/P/N)    adoption     strategy
1     2                           3                       4          5          6            7
1.         Culture components                             Catla,     Full       Same as in   Same as
      a) Indian Major             Catla 2000              Rohu &                table 48     in table
          carp                    Rohu 3000               Kaman                              48
      b) Exotic carp              Grass carp 500          carp
      c) Prawn                    10,000 / ha
      d) Cat fish                 2000 / ha
2.          Pond preparation                             Small
      a) Organic manure (kg/ha)   10000 kg cow           tanks
      b) In organic manure        dung/ha or 2000 kgs    FYM /
      (kg/ha)                     poultry manure/ha      cow
                                                         dung        -”-        -”-          -”-
      c) Bio-fertiliser (kg/ha)                          -”-
      d) Lime (Kg/ha)             200-400 kg/ha          Normal
      e) Water depth              6-8 ft                 water
                                                         tank
3.    Weed control                                       Small
      a) Manual                   Manual hand            tank
                                  removing               manual
      b) Mechanical               By dragging steel      -
                                  chains from two stores -”-         -”-        -”-          -”-
      c) Chemical                 By applying            -
                                  wedicides
4.    Stocking size / No                                 Small
      a) Spawn                    40000/ha
      b) Fry                      20000/ha                           -”-        -”-          -”-
      c) Fingerlings              10000/ha
5.    Feeding schedule            1:1 ratio of Rice bran
                                  2% oil cake body wt.
      a) Rice bran                1% of body wt.
      b) Oil cake                 1% of body wt.
      c) Green leaf               2540% of body wt. Of -”-           -”-        -”-          -”-
                                  grass carp present in
                                  the pond.
6.    Samples netting
      a) Monthly                  Assessment of
                                  survival & growth       -”-        -”-        -”-          -”-
      b) Quarterly                -”-

                                                                                             323
      d) Half yearly            -”-
      Contd… Table 50
7.    Aeration                  Paddle wheel Aerators
8.    Disease                   Treat the fish with
                                chemicals to remove
                                perasites               -”-   -”-   -”-   -”-
9.    Harvesting method         By dragenet
                                By giltnets
                                By draining our the     -”-   -”-   -”-   -”-
                                pond & hand picking
10.   Culture method            1. Extension 2000
                                fing/ha
                                2. Semi intension
                                4000 fing/ha &
                                artificial feeding      -”-   -”-   -”-   -”-
                                mainly
                                3. Intensive 1000
                                fing/ha artifical
                                feeding & aeration+
                                water exchange
      Average yield (tone/ha)   2000kg/ha
                                4000 kg/ha              -”-   -”-   -”-   -”-
                                8000 kg/ha




                                                                          324
                                            TABLE: 52 A

                 PROPOSED STRATEGY FOR PROMOTING INTEGRATED
                            NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT

  Cropping system / sequence:
    Present crop: Paddy                   Previous crop: Fallow          Next crop: Fallow
  Name of crop under study: Paddy                        Moisture condition: Irrigated
  District: Kolar         Village: Thotli
  Name of agro-ecological situation:
Sl.           Particulars            Existing Recommend            Gap in       Reasons      Proposed
No.                                  practices      practice      adoption for gap in        strategy
                                                                   (F/P/N)      adoption       (***)
                                                                      (*)           (**)
1     Use of manure (T/ha)
      - FYM                         5 tons       10 tons         P             F             A, F
      - Compost
      - Vermin compost
      Use of major fertilizers:
      Basal dose (kg/ha)
      N                             24           50                            a, b          A, F
      P                             38           50              F
      K                             15           50
      Top dress (kg/ha)                                                        a, b          A, F
      -N                            23           50
      -
      Use of micro-nutrients
      (kg/ha)
      - ZnSo4                       -            20 kg           F             a             D, F
      Cultivation of legume
      - As rotational crop
      - As inter crop
      - As green manure                          5 tons                        b, f          A, C, F
      Use of bio-fertilizer
      (kg/ha)
      - Azosphyithum                             400 gm                        a             A, C, F
      Any other
          * F = Full             P = Partial             N = Nil

  ** Code for reasons for gap in adoption            *** Code for proposed strategy
  a) Lack of awareness                               A) Mass media
  b) Other farmer follow it                          B) Mass media
  c) High residual effect of fertilizer manure       C) On farm trial / demonstration
     used in previous crop
  d) Fear of loss of yield if does is reduced        D) On farm trails / demonstration
  e) Lack of finance                                 E) Linkage with credit institution or cried thrift
                                                                                                    325
                                                     activity in self help group
  f) Lack of availability                            F) Training on compost making and use of
                                                     fertilizers

                                               TABLE: 52 B

                  PROPOSED STRATEGY FOR PROMOTING INTEGRATED
                             NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT

  Cropping system / sequence:
    Present crop: Mulberry                Previous crop:         Next crop:
  Name of crop under study: Mulberry                     Moisture condition: Irrigated
  District: Kolar         Village: Thotli
  Name of agro-ecological situation: Red sandy Loan
Sl.            Particulars                Existing    Recommend          Gap in         Reasons    Proposed
No.                                      practices       practice       adoption      for gap in   strategy
                                                                         (F/P/N)       adoption      (***)
                                                                            (*)          (**)
1     Use of manure (T/ha)
      - FYM                            10 tons        20 tons         P               a            C
      - Compost                        -              Use of          F
                                                      compost
      - Vermin compost                 -              Vermi           F               a            C
                                                      compost
      Use of major fertilizers:
      Basal dose (kg/ha)
      N                                150            300             P               c            E
      P                                60             120             P
      K                                60             120             P
      Top dress (kg/ha)
      -N                               -              -               -               -            -
      -
      Use of micro-nutrients
      (kg/ha)
      - Seri boost                     500 litres     500 litres      P               a            C
      - Cylozyme
      Cultivation of legume
      - As rotational crop             -              -               -               -            -
      - As inter crop                  -              -               -               a            C
      - As green manure                Sunhemp        Sunhemp         P
      Use of bio-fertilizer (kg/ha)                                   F
      - Azosphyithum                   -              20 kg           F               a            C, F
      Any other                        -              25 kg           F               f
          * F = Full              P = Partial            N = Nil

** Code for reasons for gap in adoption              *** Code for proposed strategy
a) Lack of awareness                                 A) Mass media
b) Other farmer follow it                            B) Mass media
c) High residual effect of fertilizer manure         C) On farm trial / demonstration
   used in previous crop
                                                                                                   326
d) Fear of loss of yield if does is reduced         D) On farm trails / demonstration
e) Lack of finance                                  E) Linkage with credit institution or cried thrift
                                                    activity in self help group
f) Non availability                                 F) Availability of material locally
                                               TABLE: 52 C

                  PROPOSED STRATEGY FOR PROMOTING INTEGRATED
                             NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT

  Cropping system / sequence:            Present crop: Mulberry
  Previous crop:                                              Next crop:
  Name of crop under study: Mulberry cultivation sericulture
  Moisture condition: Irrigated
  District: Kolar        Village: Achepalli
  Name of agro-ecological situation: AES-02
Sl.            Particulars              Existing     Recommend         Gap in          Reasons     Proposed
No.                                     practices      practice       adoption        for gap in   strategy
                                                                       (F/P/N)         adoption      (***)
                                                                          (*)            (**)
1    Use of manure (T/ha)
     - FYM                            10             20             P                 a            C
     - Compost                        -              10             F                 a            C
     - Vermin compost                 -              08             F                 a            C
     Use of major fertilizers:
     Basal dose (kg/ha)
     N                                200            300            P                 f
     P                                100            120            P                              F
     K                                100            120            P
     Top dress (kg/ha)
     -N                               -              -              -                 -            -
     -
     Use of micro-nutrients
     (kg/ha) Sulphur
     - Seri boost                     -              500 lt         F                 a            C
     - Cylozyme                                                                       f            F
     Cultivation of legume
     - As rotational crop
     - As inter crop                  -              -
     - As green manure                -              Sunhemp        F                 a            C
     Use of bio-fertilizer (kg/ha)    -              20             F                 a            C
     - Azosphyithum                                  25             F                 f            F
     Any other
          * F = Full             P = Partial           N = Nil

** Code for reasons for gap in adoption                *** Code for proposed strategy
a) Lack of awareness                                   A) Mass media
b) Other farmer follow it                              B) Mass media
c) High residual effect of fertilizer manure           C) On farm trial / demonstration
   used in previous crop
d) Fear of loss of yield if does is reduced            D) On farm trails / demonstration
                                                                                                   327
e) Lack of finance                                   E) Linkage with credit institution or cried thrift
                                                     activity in self help group
f) Non availability                                  F) Availability of material locally


                                               TABLE: 52 D

                  PROPOSED STRATEGY FOR PROMOTING INTEGRATED
                             NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT

  Cropping system / sequence:            Present crop:        Ragi
  Previous crop: Ragi                                  Next crop: Ragi (Rainfed)
  Name of crop under study: Ragi
  Moisture condition: Irrigated
  District: Kolar        Village: Malamachanahalli
  Name of agro-ecological situation: III
Sl.            Particulars              Existing     Recommend         Gap in          Reasons      Proposed
No.                                     practices      practice       adoption        for gap in    strategy
                                                                       (F/P/N)         adoption       (***)
                                                                          (*)            (**)
1    Use of manure (T/ha)
     - FYM                            2.00 m         7.5 m          P                f             F
     - Compost                        -              -              -                -             -
     - Vermin compost                 -              -              -                -             -
     Use of major fertilizers:
     Basal dose (kg/ha)
     N 25                             25             25             N                -             -
     P 50                             50             50             N                -             -
     K 25                             -              25             F                a             C
     Top dress (kg/ha)
     -N 25                            25             25             N                -             -
     Use of micro-nutrients
     (kg/ha) Sulphur
     - 10 kgs                         M              10             F                f             C &F
     Cultivation of legume
     - As rotational crop             -              -              -                -             -
     - As inter crop                  -              Cowpea         F                a             C
     - As green manure                -              -              -                -             -
     Use of bio-fertilizer (kg/ha)                                  F                a             C
     - Trichondorma                   M              5 kgs          F                a             F
     - PSB                            M              375 kgs        F
     Routine                          M              375 gms        F
     Any other
          * F = Full             P = Partial           N = Nil

** Code for reasons for gap in adoption              *** Code for proposed strategy
a) Lack of awareness                                 A) Mass media
b) Other farmer follow it                            B) Mass media
c) High residual effect of fertilizer manure         C) On farm trial / demonstration
   used in previous crop
                                                                                                   328
d) Fear of loss of yield if does is reduced          D) On farm trails / demonstration
e) Lack of finance                                   E) Linkage with credit institution or cried thrift
                                                     activity in self help group
f) Non availability                                  F) Supply of input

                                              TABLE: 52 E

                   PROPOSED STRATEGY FOR PROMOTING INTEGRATED
                                      NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT
   Cropping system / sequence:                             Present crop: Mulberry
   Previous crop:                                                 Next crop: Mulberry
   Name of crop under study: Mulberry cultivation (sericulture)
   Moisture condition: Irrigated           District: Kolar        Village: Malamachanahalli
   Name of agro-ecological situation: III
Sl.             Particulars               Existing      Recommend           Gap in      Reasons     Proposed
No.                                       practices        practice        adoption   for gap in    strategy
                                                                            (F/P/N)    adoption       (***)
                                                                               (*)       (**)
1     Use of manure (T/ha)
      - FYM                             20 ton/ha       20 ton/ha        P            b            C
      - Compost                         -               -                -            -            -
      - Vermin compost                  5 ton/ha        7.5 ton/ha       F            a            A
      Use of major fertilizers:
      Basal dose (kg/ha)
      N 300 kg                          15A/200kg       Straight         -            -            -
                                                        fertile
      P 120 kg                          17A/150 kg AS 300                P            a            F
                                                        SSp+120
      K 120 kg                          19 A/150 kg MOP+20               -            -            -
      Top dress (kg/ha)
      -N                                -               -                -            -            -
      Use of micro-nutrients            200lt/ha        500lt/ha         P            a            F
      (kg/ha) V1 put
      - Seri boast                      -               -                -            -            -
      - Harith
      Cultivation of legume
      - As rotational crop              -               -                -            -            -
      - As inter crop                   -               -                P            f            F
      - As green manure                 Sunhemp         Sunhemp          -            -            -
      Use of bio-fertilizer (kg/ha)
      - Apto bactor                     -               20 kg/ha         P            a            C
      - VAM                             -               10 kg/ha         F            a            C
      - Seriphos                        -               25kg/ha          F            a            C
      Any other
           * F = Full              P = Partial             N = Nil
** Code for reasons for gap in adoption                *** Code for proposed strategy
a) Lack of awareness                                   A) Mass media
b) Other farmer follow it                              B) Mass media
c) High residual effect of fertilizer/ manure          C) On farm trial / demonstration
   used in previous crop
                                                                                                   329
d) Fear of loss of yield if does is reduced        D) On farm trails / demonstration
e) Lack of finance                                 E) Linkage with credit institution or thrift activity
                                                   in self help group
f) Non availability                                F) Supply of input
                                              TABLE: 52 F

                  PROPOSED STRATEGY FOR PROMOTING INTEGRATED
                              NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT

  Cropping system / sequence: Present crops
    Present crop: Tomato         Previous crop:        Next crop:
  Name of crop under study: Tomato                     Moisture condition: Irrigated
  District: Kolar         Village: Thotli
  Name of agro-ecological situation: I
Sl.           Particulars            Existing Recommend          Gap in       Reasons      Proposed
No.                                  practices    practice      adoption for gap in        strategy
                                                                 (F/P/N)      adoption       (***)
                                                                    (*)         (**)
1     Use of manure (T/ha)
      - FYM                         10          38 tons /ha    P             b             A
                                    tons/ha
      - Compost                     -           -
      - Vermin compost              -           -
      Use of major fertilizers:
      Basal dose (kg/ha)
      N                             300         250                          a,            B
      P                             300         250            P
      K                             300         250
      Top dress (kg/ha)
      -N                            150         125
      Use of micro-nutrients        -           15 kg/ha       F             a,            B
      (kg/ha)
      Cultivation of legume                     Rotational     F             c             C
                                                crop
      - As rotational crop          -
      - As inter crop               -
      - As green manure             -
      Use of bio-fertilizer         -           PSB            F             d             C
      (kg/ha)                                   Azatobacter
      Any other                     -
          * F = Full             P = Partial           N = Nil

  ** Code for reasons for gap in adoption                 *** Code for proposed strategy
  a) Lack of awareness                                    A) Training regarding compost preparation
  b) Non availability of organic manure                   B) Training regarding nutrient management
  c) Intensive use of land and the returns from main      C) Training and method demonstration
  crop
  d) Lack of knowledge importance of use of PSB


                                                                                                  330
                                                 TABLE: 53

       PROPOSED STRATEGY FOR PROMOTING INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT

      Agro-ecological situation: AES - III
      Crop: Redgram                Pest: Heliothis          Season: Kharif
      Village: Malamachanahalli                                    District: Kolar

Sl.        Particulars           Existing   Recommended         Gap in     Reasons for      Proposed
No.                              practice      practice        adoption      gap in       strategy (**)
                                                               (F/P/N) *   adoption(*)
1      Cultural practices
        (Y/-):                                                             Lack of        Demonstration
       - Summer              -              Deep ploughing    F            awareness      -
       ploughing                            15th July                      Non Reciept    Early
       - Timely sowing                                        P            of early       Season
       - Etc                                                               raivs          sowing
2.     Resistant variety     -              -                 -            -              -
       (Specific)
3.     Bio Pesticides (No.
       of applications)      Use of         2 application     F            Lack of        Demonstration
       - Neem product        pesticide                                     awareness      training
       - NPV                 Use of         Spray of NPV      F            Lack of        Demonstration
       - Etc.                pesticides     once                           awareness      & Training
4.     Bio agent (Y/-)
       -Egg parasite
       -Etc.
5.     Other practices
       (Y/-)                                                               Lack of        Demonstration
       -Pheromone trap       -              8-10              F            awarness       & supply of
       -Light trap                          Pheromone                      Non            pheromone
       -Etc.                                traps                          availability   traps
                                                                           of Traps
6.     Pesticide (No. of
       application)
       -Spraying             1              1                 N            -              -
       -Dusting
       -Seed treatment
       -Soil application
       -Etc.
7.     Any other             -              -                 -            -              -




                                                                                                   331
                                          TABLE: 54 A

           PROPOSED STRATEGY FOR PROMOTING SUPPLY OF SEED AND ITS
                              MULTIPLICATION

    District: Kolar                                 Village: Thotli
    Name of crop: Ragi                                     Preferred variety: GPU-28
    Agro-ecological situation: AES-I                       Red Sandy Loan

Sl.     Source of seed of preferred    Quantity of Area sown (ha) under the     Quality of
No.     variety/ hybrid                seed used    crop with different         seed of
                                       (of          varieties                   preferred
                                       preferred                                variety
                                       variety) (Q)                             (G/A/P)*
                                                    Preferred     Other
                                                    variety       varieties
A       Purchase from outside:
        - From Private dealer

        - From Public sector           400 kg      GPU-28        Indaf-5        G
B       Use of self produced seed:

        - From own field               260 kg      GPU-28        Indaf-5        A

        - From others field
C       Any other
        Total                          660 kg




                                                                                         332
                                             TABLE: 54 B

           PROPOSED STRATEGY FOR PROMOTING SUPPLY OF SEED AND ITS
                              MULTIPLICATION

    District: Kolar                                     Village: Malamachanhalli
    Name of crop: Ragi                                         Preferred variety: GPU-28
    Agro-ecological situation: AES-III                         Red Sandy Loan

Sl.     Source of seed of preferred      Quantity of    Area sown (ha) under the    Quality of
No.     variety/ hybrid                  seed used      crop with different         seed of
                                         (of            varieties                   preferred
                                         preferred      Preferred     Other         variety
                                         variety) (Q)   variety       varieties     (G/A/P)*
A       Purchase from outside:
        - From Private dealer

        - From Public sector             90 Qtl         GPU-28       -              G
                                                        BRG-1
B       Use of self produced seed:

        - From own field                 70 Qtl         GPU-28       -

        - From others field              20 Qtl         HR911
C       Any other
        Total




                                                                                             333
334
           STRATEGIES FOR SEED REPLACEMENT AND ORGANIZING SEED VILLAGE SCHEME IN KOLAR DISTRICT

     Sl. Crop           Total seed          Demand as per              Availability   Deficit                 Strategies
                       requirement          projected seed                (qt)         (qt)
                           (qt)           replacement norms
                                                  (qt)
1.        Ragi             15000                 4500                     4000         500      Organizing seed village scheme
                                                (30%)*                                          Encouraging use of self seed of high
                                                                                                quality
                                                                                                Encouraging PVT seed suppliers
                                                                                                Encourage SHG`s & NGO`s to go for
                                                                                                seed bank
                                                                                                Varities required GPU26/28/48, HR-911,
                                                                                                MR-1, Indaf-9, PR-202.
2.     Groundnut      50000 (kernel)              10000                    750         9250     Seed village programme
                                                 (20%)*                                         Use of good seed from seed chain i.e.
                                                                                                from farmer to farmer
                                                                                                Encouraging PVT seed suppliers
3.    Pigeon pea           1300                    650                     500         150      Seed village scheme
                                                 (50%)*                                         Encouraging PVT seed suppliers
4.    Horse gram           2500                    250                     100         150      Seed village programme
                                                 (10%)*                                         Women SHG`s to be promoted to take up
                                                                                                supply of seed
 * Figures in parenthesis indicates projected seed replacement ratio




                                                                                                                                         336
337
                                         TABLE: 55 C

      PROPOSED STRATEGY FOR PROMOTING PREFERED HORTICULTURAL
                         PLANTING MATERIAL

Sl. Sources of preferred      Quantity of         Area sown (ha) under      Quality of
No. planting material of      planting            the crop with different   preferred
    horticultural crops       material used of    varieties                 planting material
                              preferred           M2              Abinav    required for the
                              variety                                       district
A    Purchase from outside                                                  Seedlings of
     - From private nursery                                                 resistant varieties
                                                                            suraksha disease
     - From public sector     5,00,00 seedlings   3,50,000       1,50,000   free seedling
B    Use of self produced
     planting material
     - From own field         -                   -              -          -
     - From other field
C    Any other                -                   -              -          -




                                                                                            338
                                                TABLE: 58

                   ISSUE FOR POLICY CONSIDERATION IN AGRICULTURE

     District: Kolar Village: Malamachanhalli        Agro-ecological situation: III


Module       Issue / problem                            Proposed policy             Modality for
   No.                                                    intervention             implementation
1.           Under reduce min ground water taste     Linkage of water         Soil water conservation
                                                     rivers                   dry farming
2.           Supply of fertilizer                    More euphonium           Higher subsidies or
                                                     organic farming          organic manures more
                                                                              availability
3.           Legislation of area or major crops      Legislation should be    Farmer shudled educated
                                                     implemented on of        to grow k crop on
                                                     individual crop          limited area
4.           Marketing of agriculture product        Marketing net work       Marketing net awareness
                                                     should be treated at     should be treated among
                                                     village level            farmer
5.           Rearing houses for silk worm rearing    More subsidy should      Farming should be
                                                     be given to rearing      educated on low cost
                                                     houses                   rearing houses
6.           Post harvest technology                 Mechanized threshing     Co-operative sector
                                                     with thrumble made       society & SHGS may be
                                                     available as co-         given subsidy to
                                                     operative sector         purchase Hi-tech
                                                                              threshing




                                                                                               339
SWOT ANALYSIS




                340
                               SWOT ANALYSIS


 Sl.     Critical issue/ gap relating to        Relevance to AES
No.                 Extension
A      Agriculture                          I        II      III
1      Ragi (Irrigated / Rainfed)
1      Broad casting method of sowing       Y        Y       Y
2      Use of untreated seed                Y        Y       Y
3      Imbalance application of             Y        Y       Y
       fertilizers
4      Poor soil and water management       Y        Y       Y
5      Improper inter cropping              Y        Y       Y
       management
6      Use of micro nutrient                Y        Y       Y
2.     Ground nut
1      Improper spacing                     Y        Y       Y
2      Use of lower seed rate               Y        Y       Y
3      Use of untreated seed                Y        Y       Y
4      Imbalanced application fertilizers   Y        Y       Y
       and manures
5      Poor use of Gypsum                   Y        Y       Y
6      Inadequate pest and disease          Y        Y       Y
       management
7      Improper inter cropping              Y        Y       Y
       management
3.     Paddy
1      Improper nursery method              Y        Y       Y
2      Use of over aged seedlings           Y        Y       Y
3      High seed rate                       Y        Y       Y
4      Low plant population                 Y        Y       Y
5      Non application micro nutrient       Y        Y       Y
6      Improper weed management             Y        Y       Y
7      Improper Time of Harvest             Y        Y       Y
4      Sunflower
1      Improper spacing                     Y        Y       Y
2      Inadequate application fertilizers   Y        Y       Y
       and Manures
3      Non use of Bio fertilizer            Y        Y       Y
4      Non use of Micro nutrients           Y        Y       Y
5      Inadequate plant protection          Y        Y       Y
       measures
6      Non adoption of hand Pollination     Y        Y       Y
       technique




                                                                   341
5.   Maize
1    Higher seed rate                   Y   Y   Y
2    Non adoption of seed treatment     Y   Y   Y
3    Excess application of fertilizer   Y   Y   Y
4    Non use of micronutrient           Y   Y   Y
5    Non use of zink sulphate           Y   Y   Y
6    Inadequate pest and disease        Y   Y   Y
     management
7    Sowing maize in endemic area       Y   Y   Y
6.   Red gram
1    High seed rate                     Y   Y   Y
2    Non use of bio fertilizers         Y   Y   Y
3    Non use of Micronutrient           Y   Y   Y
4    Imbalanced use of Bio fertilizer   Y   Y   Y
5    Inadequate pest and disease        Y   Y   Y
     management
7    Popcorn
1    No seed treatment                  Y   Y   Y
2    Excess use of fertilizers          Y   Y   Y
3    Non use micronutrient              Y   Y   Y
4    Inadequate disease and pest        Y   Y   Y
     management
5    Improper water management          Y   Y   Y
B    Horticulture
     Tomato
1    No seed treatment                  Y   Y   Y
2    Excess use of fertilizers          Y   Y   Y
3    Non use of micronutrients          Y   Y   Y
4    Inadequate pest and disease        Y   Y   Y
     management
5    Glut in the Market                 Y   Y   Y
     Potato
1    Improper seed treatment            Y   Y   Y
2    Indiscriminate use of fertilizer   Y   Y   Y
3    Inadequate pest and disease        Y   Y   Y
     management
4    Improper storage method            Y   Y   Y
     Cabbege / Cauliflower
1    Non use of micronutrients          Y   Y   Y
2    Improper pest and disease          Y   Y   Y
     management
     Water melon
1    Improper spacing                   Y   Y   Y
2    Non use of micro nutrient          Y   Y   Y
3    Inadequate pest and disease        Y   Y   Y
     management


                                                    342
         Onion
  1      Broad casting method of sowing      Y      Y       Y
         and non optimal population
  2      Untimely weeding                    Y      Y       Y
  3      Inadequate pest and disease         Y      Y       Y
         management
         Mango
  1      Growing alternate bearing variety   Y      Y       Y
  2      Non use of fertilizer               Y      Y       Y
  3      Inadequate plant protection         Y      Y       Y
         measurement
  4      Irregular inter cultivation and     Y      Y       Y
         weed management
  5      Local method of harvest             Y      Y       Y
  6      Improper sanitation in garden       Y      Y       Y
  7      Growing very high aged trees        Y      Y       Y
         Banana
  1      Non use of disease for suckers      Y      Y       Y
  2      Inadequate pest and disease         Y      Y       Y
         management
  3      Non use of micro nutrient           Y      Y       Y
  4      Flooding method of irrigation       Y      Y       Y
  5      Improper cropping pattern           Y      Y       Y

  C.     ANIMAL HUSBANDRY

 Sl.      Critical issue/ gap relating to    Relevance to AES
 No                  Extension
                                             I      II      III
1      Poor nutrition                        Y      Y       Y
2      Breed upgradation                     Y      Y       Y
3.     Longer inter calving period           Y      Y       Y
4      Longer period age at first calving    Y      Y       Y
5      Lesser feeding of grass fodder        Y      Y       Y
6      Lesser use of concentrate feeding     Y      Y       Y
7      No feeding of mineral mixture         Y      Y       Y
8      Improper parasite control             Y      Y       Y
9      Improper housing for animals          Y      Y       Y
10.    Health care and vaccination           Y      Y       Y




                                                                  343
      D.        SERICULTURE

Sl.        Critical issue/ gap relating to      Relevance to AES
No                    Extension
                                                I            II       III
1         Sericulture

1         Treatment of mulberry cutting         Y            Y        Y

2         Inadequate use of organic             Y            Y        Y

          manure

3         Improper use of fertilizer as         Y            Y        Y

          basal application

4         Non - use of Micro nutrient           Y            Y        Y

5         Non - use of Bio fertilizer           Y            Y        Y

6         Non adoption of drip irrigation       Y            Y        Y

          method



      E. FISHERIES

          Sl.    Critical issue/ gap relating           Relevance to AES
          No            to Extension
                                                    I         II     III
      1         Growing Monoculture in              Y         Y      Y

                pond

      2         Improper feeding habit              Y         Y      Y




                                                                            344
F.    Management of Productivity: Sericulture [Mulberry Irrigated]
Sl.     Critical issue/ gap relating to Extension   Relevance to AESs
No
                                                      I       II        III
  1     Method of planting                            Y       Y         Y
  2     Variety                                       Y       Y         Y
  3     Treatment of mulberry cutting                 Y       Y         Y
  4     Organic manure                                Y       Y         Y
  5     Method of fertilizer use                      Y       Y         Y
  6     Micro nutrient application                    Y       Y         Y
  7     Pest management                               Y       Y         Y
  8     Disease management                            Y       Y         Y
  9     Weed management                               Y       Y         Y
 10     Water management                              Y       Y         Y
 11     Method of harvesting                          Y       Y         Y
 12     Green manure                                  Y       Y         Y
 13     Use of bio- fertilizer                        Y       Y         Y




                                                                              345
Sericulture: Rearing of Silk warm

  Sl.      Critical issue/ gap relating to Extension   Relevance to AES
  No
                                                       I     II     III
   1    Race CSR 2x4                                   Y     Y      Y
   2    Silkworm egg (lose eggs)                       Y     Y      Y
   3    EGG transportation                             Y     Y      Y
   4    Incubation                                     Y     Y      Y
   5    Chawki rearing                                 Y     Y      Y
   6    Transportation of Chawki worms                 Y     Y      Y
   7    Disinfection of Rearing house with powers      Y     Y      Y
        sprayer
    8   Separate Rearing house                         Y     Y      Y
    9   Shoot rearing                                  Y     Y      Y
   10   Spacing                                        Y     Y      Y
   11   Bed disinfection                               Y     Y      Y
   12   Bed cleaning Net                               Y     Y      Y
   13   Mounting hormone                               Y     Y      Y
   14   Mountages (Card boards)                        Y     Y      Y
   15   Mounting hall                                  Y     Y      Y




                                                                          346
              DIVERSIFICATION AND INTENSIFICATION

Sl.No   Critical issue/ gap relating to       Relevance to AES
                   Extension
                                          I       II         III
A       Agriculture
1       Broad casting method of Ragi      Y       Y          Y

        under Rainfed situation

2       Imbalanced use of fertilizer      Y       Y          Y

3       Inadequate plant protection       Y       Y          Y

        measure

4       Injudicious use of water          Y       Y          Y

5       Alternate income generating       Y       Y          Y

        crops under dry land situation

6       Exploition of ground water        Y       Y          Y

7       Mono cropping system              Y       Y          Y

B.      Horticulture

1       Very old aged mango garden        Y       Y          Y

2       Improper management of pest       Y       Y          Y

        and disease

3       Adopting improper post            Y       Y          Y

        harvest technology

4       Marketing                         Y       Y          Y

5       Glut in the Market                Y       Y          Y




                                                                   347
1. Management of Productivity: Fisheries
Sl.                            Critical issue/ gap relating to Extension                          Relevence to AES
No
      Strengths                                                                                   I      II     III
 1    About 4000 tanks with a water spread area of about 48043.10ha                               Y      Y      Y
 2    Fishermen population 89300                                                                  Y      Y      Y
 3    Fishermen co –operative societies (13)                                                      Y      Y      Y
 4    4 Govt. fish hatcheries e. 30 lakh fingerlings capacity                                     Y      Y      Y
 5    Fishermen have skill, gear and draft.                                                       Y      Y      Y
 6    Large demand supply gap                                                                     Y      Y      Y
      Weaknesses
1.    Inadequate availability of quality seed in required time                                    Y      Y      Y
2     Lack of social cohesiveness and organization among Fish formers                             Y      Y      Y
3     Lack of cold chain facility                                                                 Y      Y      Y
4     Fisheries activity mainly dependant on rainfall and there is perennial river                Y      Y      Y
5     Short seasonal tanks and water depth is low due to heavy situation                          Y      Y      Y
6     Tanks are used for multi purposes                                                           Y      Y      Y
7     No organized marketing of fish in the market                                                Y      Y      Y
8     No fish storage and processing plants                                                       Y      Y      Y
9     Composite fish culture not being practice                                                   Y      Y      Y
      Opportunities
 1    Innovations and success stories have Immense scope for replication                          Y      Y      Y
 2    Reputed research institutes and development department, available                           Y      Y      Y
 3    Immense scope for fish seed production                                                      Y      Y      Y
 4    Great scope for tank fishery                                                                Y      Y      Y
      Threats
 1    Since the tanks are short seasonal the fish grown attain less weight and fetch low price,   Y      Y      Y
      can‟t compete in the open markets




                                                                                                                      349
350
     TYPE OF GAP AND REASONS FOR GAP IN ADOPTION OF TECHNOLOGY IN
                            KOLAR DISTRICT

 Sl.      Types of gap            Reasons of GAP                Code No.
 No.
1.      Extension GAP    a) Lack of awareness                   1
                         b) Lack of Knowledge                   2
                         c) Lack of skill                       3
                         d) Lack of Motivation                  4
                         e) Lack of Conviction                  5
2.      Adoption gap     a) Fear of risk                        6
                         b) Lack of resources                   7
                         c) Lack of input availability          8
                         d) Lack of market and Infrastructure   9
3.      Research gap     a) Lack of specific                    10
                            Recommendation for AES
                         b) Cumbersome recommendation,          11
                            not Profitable and incompatible
                            with market and Infrastructure
                         c) Inappropriate Recommendation        12




                                                                           351
     Type of gaps and Reasons for Gap in adoption to Technologies in Kolar District.

Sl. No                            Type of Gap                           Size   Reasons Gap
A          Agriculture
I          Ragi (Rainfed and irrigated0
1          Method of sowing                                             F      1,2,5
           Seed treatment                                               F      1,2,4,5,6
           Higher seed rate                                             P      2,4,5,6
           Imbalanced fertilizer use                                    P      1,2,4,5,6
           Application of manure                                        P      2,5,6
           Soil and water management                                    P      1,2,4,6
           Inter cropping                                               P      2
II         Ground nut
           Seed rate                                                    P      2
           Seed treatment                                               F      2,4,6
           Application of recommended dosage of fertilizer and manure   P      2,7,8
           Use of Bio fertilizer                                        F      1,2,4,8
           Pest and disease management                                  P      2
           Inter cropping                                               P      2
III        Paddy (Irrigated)
           Recommended nursery Methods                                  P      2,5
           Use of Aged seeding                                          P      2,5
           Seed rate                                                    P      2,5
           Seed treatment                                               F      5,8
           Low plant population                                         P      1,2,5
           Pest and disease management                                  P      2,5
           Micro nutrient application                                   P      1,5
           Land and water management                                    P      2,5
           Use of Bio fertilizer                                        P      2,5
           Improper Time and harvesting.                                P      2,4,5
IV         Red gram
           Recommended seed rate                                        P      1,2,5
           Application of required quantity of fertilizer and manures   P      2,5,7
           Use of Bio fertilizer                                        F      1,2,3,5
           Use of micro nutrient                                        F      1,2,5
           Pest and disease management                                  P      2,5
V          Hybrid Maize
           Recommended seed rate                                        P      2,5
           Seed treatment                                               F      1,2,5
           Application of fertilizer and manures                        P      1,2,5
           Micro nutrient application                                   P      1,2,4,5
           Pest and disease management                                  P      1,5
           Inter croping                                                P      2


                                                                                           352
IV     Sun flower
       Recommended seed treatment                        F   2,3,5
       Application of required fertilizers and manures   P   6,7
       Use of Micro nutrient                             F   1,4,5
       Pest and disease management                       P   1,2
       Hand pollination                                  F   1,2
VII    Popcern
       Recommended seed treatment                        F   1,2
       Application required fertilizer and manures       P   1,2,5
       Pest and disease management                       P   1,2,
       Use of micronutrient                              F   1,2
VIII   Avare
       Use of recommended varieties                      F   1,2
       Seed rate                                         F   1,2
       Seed treatment                                    N   2
       Application of required Fertilizer and manures    P   2,3
       Pest and disease management                       P   2,3
B      Horticulture
I      Mango
       Growing alternate bearing varieties               F   12,8
       Use of required fertilizers and manure            P   1,2,8
       Plant protection measure                          P   1,2
       Improper method of harvesting (Pest technology)   P   1,2
       Proper sanitation in the garden                   P   1,2
       Growing very high aged trees                      P   1,2,5
II     Banana
       Use of disease free sucker                        F   1,2,4,8
       Inadequate pest and disease management            P   1,2
       Sucker treatment                                  F   1,2
       Use of micro nutrient                             F   1,2,4
       Flooding method of irrigation                     F   1,2,4,6
       Application fertilizer and manures                P   1,2
III    Water Melon
       Proper spacing                                    P   1,2,4
       Use of micro nutrients                            F   1,2,4
       Pest and disease management                       P   1,2
       Pest harvesting techniques                        P   1,2
IV     Tomato
       Seed treatment                                    F   1,2,8
       Application required fertilizers and manures      P   1,2
       Use of micro nutrients                            F   1,2,4
       Pest and disease management                       P   1,2
       Glut in the market                                F   1,2,9
       IPM practices                                     P   1,2


                                                                       353
V      Potato
       Seed treatment                                        F   1,2,8
       Application required fertilizers and manures          P   1,2,7
       Pest and disease management                           P   1,2
       Use of micro nutrient                                 F   1,2
       Storage loss                                          P   1,2,4
VI     Cabbage / Cauliflower
       Application of required fertilizers and manure        P   1,2
       Use of micro nutrient                                 F   1,2
       Pest and disease management                           P   1,2
       Water management                                      P   1,2
VII    Chillies
       Seed Treatment                                        F   1,2
       Application required fertilizers and manures          P   1,2,4
       Pest and disease management                           P   1,2,4
       Use of micro nutrient                                 F   1,2,4
VIII   Onion
       Broad casting method of sowing                        F   1,2,4
        Weed management                                      P   1,2,
       Pest and disease management                           P   1,2
       Use of micro nutrient                                 F   1,2
       Glut in the Market                                    P   1,2,9
C      Live stock
I      Cow (Dairy)
       Breed upgradation                                     P   1,7,8
       Feed management (Per animal)                          P   1,2
       -Recommended green fodder
       -Minerals and vitamins (Grams / animal /day)
       Inter calving period                                  P   1
       Health care -vaccination /samitation (Housing)        P   1,5,7
       General management                                    P   1,5
II     Sheep
       Breed upgradation                                     P   8
       Feed management (Green fodder)                        P   7
       Feed management concentrates, minerals and vitamins   P   1,7
       Health care                                           P   1,7
       General management                                    P   1,2
III    Goat
       Breed upgradation                                     P   2,8
       Feed management                                       P   2,5,8
       Greens (Kgs/Days)                                     P   2,5,8
       Dry fodder (Grm/day)                                  F   2,5,8
       Concentrates grm /day                                 F   2,5,8


                                                                         354
           Vitamins ml / day                                F   2,5,8
           Minerals grm/day
           Health care - HSBQ, FMD ET, PTR.                 P   1
           General management                               P   2,8
IV         Sericulture
I          Mulberry (Irrigated)
           Varieties                                        P   1,2,8
           Treatment of mulberry cuttings                   P   1,2
           Organic manures                                  P   5,7
           Application fertilizers Basel and top dressing   P   7,8
           Micro nutrient                                   F   2,5
           Green manure application                         F   1,2,7
           Use of Bio fertilizer                            F   1,2
II         Silk worm rearing (Irrigated)
           Silk worm eggs (loose eggs)                      P   3,6
           Egg transportation (Egg carrying box)            F   5
           Incubation                                       P   2,5
           Silk warm races (rearing of Bivoltine)           F   1,2,5,6
           Rearing method (Shoot rearing)                   P   13,6
           Rearing house (separate)                         P   7
           Disinfections                                    P   2,5
           Feeding (2 times a day)                          P   6
           Chawki rearing                                   P   7
           Bed disinfectant                                 P   5
           Bed clearing net                                 P   2,3
           Disease control                                  P   2,3
           Harvesting cocoons                               P   2,3
           Mountages (Plastic)                              P   13,7
           Mounting temperature                             P   1,6
E          Fishers
           Monoculture in ponds                             P   2,8
           Pond preparation.                                F   2,7
           Weed control                                     P   2
           Stocking size                                    F   2,6
           Feeding schedule                                 P   2,7
           Sample netting                                   F   2
           Aeration                                         P   2,3
           Harvesting method                                P   3,7

     Note; F=full gap, P= Partial gap, N=Nill gap




                                                                          355
Reason of Gap in cross cutting Technologies
      Sl. No       Enterprise              Commodity            Cross cutting        Reasons of gap
                                                                 Technology
      1.       Agriculture            Ragi                   Method sowing           1,3,7,8
                                      Paddy                  INM, IPM                1,2,3,7
                                      Ground nut                                     1,2,8
                                                             Application
                                      Hybrid maize           Zine application        1,2,4
                                      Popcorn                Micro nutrient          1,2,7
                                      Redgram                IPM, INM                1,2,4,7
                                      Avare                  IPM                     1,2,4,7
                                      Sun flower             IPM                     1,2,4,7

      2.       Horticulture(Fruits)   Mango                  Varieties               1,2,9,10
                                      Banana                 IPDM                    1,2,7,8
                                      Water melon            Micro nutrient          1,2,4,8
                                      Guava                  Pest Management         1,2
                                      Sapota                 Pest Management         1,2
                                      Grapes                 Fest and Disease        1,2
                                                             Management
                                      Cashew                 Fertilizer and Manure   1,2
                                                             Application

      3.       Horticulture           Tomato                 I.P.M and INM           1,2,4,9
               (Veg)_
                                      Potato                 IPM                     1,2,4,7
                                      Cabbage/Cauloiflower   IPM and INM             1,2,3,4,8
                                      Chillies               IPM                     1,2,3,4,7
                                      Onion                  Spacing and             1,2,6
                                                             Chemical Weedicide
                                      Carrot                 Spacing                 1,2

      4        Horticulture           Brinjal                Resistant Varities      1,2
               (floriculture)

      5        Animal Husbandry       Cow (Dairy)            Less Use of             1,2,7
                                                             concentrates and
                                                             Greens
                                      Sheep                  Breed Up gradation      1,2,3,8
                                      Goat                   Breed Up gradation      1,2,3,8

      6        Sericulture            Mulbery varities       INM                     1,2
                                      Silk worm rearing      Disinfection            1,2

      7        Fishery                Fish production        Monoculture             1,2,4,7
                                      Feeding                Additional Feeds        1,2,4,7




                                                                                                      356
         IDENTIFICATION OF CRITICAL ISSUES, PROBLEMS AND
                         OPPORTUNITIES.

Sl.No    Issues, Problems and Opportunities         Category       Relevance to AES
                                                     (E/R)
        Opportunities                                          I       II     III
A       Soil fertility and sustainability
1       Testing of soils to assess the ph              E       Y       Y      Y
2.      Awareness and promotion for crop wise          E       Y       Y      Y
        recommended fertilizers
3       Inclusion of micronutrient                     E       Y       Y      Y
4       Use of Bio fertilizers in crop production      E       Y       Y      Y
5       Crop diversification                           E       Y       Y      Y
6       Crop Rotation with legumes                     E       Y       Y      Y
B       Judicious use of Agro chemicals
1       Awareness on IPM, INM, IDM                     E       Y       Y      Y
        practices
2       Up grading farmers knowledge about             E       Y       Y      Y
        excusive use of agro chemicals and its
        economics
3       Agricultural input dealer mast be              E       Y       Y      Y
        thorough knowledge in Agricultural
        sciences.




                                                                               357
        IDENTIFICATION OF CRITICAL ISSUES, PROBLEMS AND OPPORTUNITIES.

 Sl.      Issues, Problems and Opportunities          Category   Relevance to AES
 No                                                    (E/R)
II A    Agricultural production system
        considerable yield gaps in different
        crops due to
1       Non availability of quality seed materials       E       Y        Y         Y
2        Lock of Knowledge about INM, IPM and            E       Y        Y         Y
        IDM practices
3       Non adoption of soil test based fertilizer       E       Y        Y         Y
        application
4       Non availability of suitable Pulses and          E       Y        Y         Y
        vegetable varieties
5       Value addition in crops                          E       Y        Y         Y
B       Low profitability availability from
        agricultural enterprises
1       Higher cost of production due to costlier        R       Y        Y         Y
        inputs
2       Distress sale of produce due to                  E       Y        Y         Y
        Unorganized and farmers non responsive
        marketing infrastructure
        Opportunities
1       Adoption of risk minimizing and low cost         R       Y        Y         Y
        technologies
2       Crop diversification to remunerative             R       Y        Y         Y
        medicinal and aromitic plants.
II B.        Horticulture production system
        Significant yield up in fruit and
        vegetable crops due to
1       Lack of knowledge and skill in scientific        E       Y        Y         Y
        production
2       Non availability of quality seed material        E       Y        Y         Y
3       Non adoption of INM and IPM practices            E       Y        Y         Y
B       Distress sale of fruits of vegetables
        reducing profitability due to
1       Lack of co –operative system/ Un                 E       Y        Y         Y
        organized growers
2       In effective cooling and storage facilities      E       Y        Y         Y
3       Lack of value addition                           E       Y        Y         Y
4       Lack of post harvest and handling                R       Y        Y         Y
        techniques
5       Nexus between middle men harming                 E       Y        Y         Y
        farmers interest




                                                                                    358
        IDENTIFICATION OF CRITICAL ISSUES, PROBLEMS
                    AND OPPORTUNITIES.


Sl.No     Issues, Problems and    Category   Relevance to AES
              Opportunities        (E/R)
        Opportunity
1       Reducing post harvest        R       Y       Y          Y
        losses
2       Scope for value addition     E       Y       Y          Y
3       Scope for utilizing inter    R       Y       Y          Y
        spaces of orchards for
        Apiary and Horticulture
        Pasture
4       Exploring export markets     E       Y       Y          Y
5       Scope for supplying          E       Y       Y          Y
        planting materials to
        urban customers for
        terrace gardens
II. C        Animal Production system
A       Low productive dairy
        animals due to
1       Lake of proper health        E       Y       Y          Y
        care to animals
2       Unawareness of               E       Y       Y          Y
        Government schemes
3       Want of green fodder         E       Y       Y          Y
4       Poor sanitation of           E       Y       Y          Y
        housing
5       Non availability of          E       Y       Y          Y
        medicines
6       Limited knowledge about      E       Y       Y          Y
        Insurance
7       Poultry: Knowledge gap       E       Y       Y          Y
        for back yard poultry of
        promising breeds
8       Poultry: Un organized        E       Y       Y          Y
        market




                                                                    359
IDENTIFICATION OF CRITICAL ISSUES, PROBLEMS AND
OPPORTUNITIES.

Sl.No      Issues, Problems and        Category       Relevance to AES
                Opportunities           (E/R)
        Opportunity                               I        II       III
1       Scope for green fodder            E           Y         Y         Y
        cultivation and multi
        purpose trees
2       Organized market for              E           Y         Y         Y
        poultry production
3.      Scope for low cost cattle         E           Y         Y         Y
        feed production from
        locally available resources
II.D    Sericulture:
A       Mulberry production
1       Non treatment of mulberry         E           Y         Y         Y
        cutting
2       Non application of micro          E           Y         Y         Y
        nutrients and Bio fertilizer
3       Inadequate application of         E           Y         Y         Y
        fertilizers
4       Improper water                    E           Y         Y         Y
        management
        Opportunity
1       Scope for green manuring          E           Y         Y         Y
2       Scope for Bio- Mass               E           Y         Y         Y
        Production through
        vermicompost, etc.
3       Injudicious water                 E           Y         Y         Y
        management by drip
        dription .




                                                                              360
VII. IDENTIFICATION OF CRITICAL ISSUES, PROBLEMS AND OPPORTUNITIES.

      Sl.    Issues, Problems and Opportunities      Category       Relevance to AES
     No                                               (E/R)
                                                                    I       II   III
     I.                   Management of Natural Resources
     A      Degradation of soil fertility
     1.     Improper application of organic manure              Y       Y        Y
     2      Excess fertilizer application                       Y       Y        Y
     3.     Unawareness of Micronutrient                        Y       Y        Y
            application
     4      Loss of organic matter in soil due to               Y       Y        Y
            repeated tillage operations
     5      Intensive cropping                                  Y       Y        Y
     6.     Non inclusion of Legumes in crop                    Y       Y        Y
            rotation
     7      Unawareness of Green manure                         Y       Y        Y
     B      Non judicious use of Agro chemicals
     1      Unawareness about IPM and INM                       Y       Y        Y
            practices
     2      Excessive use of pesticides and                     Y       Y        Y
            Fungicides
     3      More dependence of farmers on input                 Y       Y        Y
            dealers for crop protection




                                                                                       361
Gap In adoption of Improved Technology in representative Villages of
different AES in Kolar District
Crop : RAGI (RAINFED)
Sl.    Recommended Practice (F/P/N)              Gap in adoption of improved
No                                                Technology in AES Village
                                         AES-I          AES-II             AES-III
 1    Sowing
 a    Time                                N               N                  N
 b    Method                              N               N                  N
 c    Spacing                             F               F                  F
 2    Verities                            N               N                  N
 3    Seed rate (Kg/ ha)                  F               P                  P
 4    Seed Treatment                      F               P                  P
 5    Organic Manure                      F               P                  P
 6    Fertilizer (Kg/ha)
 a    Basal (N+P+K)                       P               P                  P
 b    Top dressing (N)                    N               P                  N
 7    Method of Fertilizer Application
 a    Basal                               N               F                  P
 b    Top dressing                        N               N                  P
 8    Use of Micronutrients               F               F                  F
 9    Pest Management                     F               F                  F
10    Disease Management                  F               F                  N
11    Weed control                        P               P                  P
12    Land Management                     -               -                  -
13    Water Management                    P               P                  P
14    Method of Harvesting                F               N                  F
15    Yield                               P               P                  P
          a) Grain                        P               P                  P
          b) Fodder
16.   Storage / Processing                F               P                  P
17    Transportation                      -               -                  -
18    Marketing                           P               P                  P
19    Special Practices                   -               -                  -




                                                                                     362
Gap In adoption of Improved Technology in representative Villages of
Different AES in Kolar District

Crop : RAGI (Irrigated)
Sl.    Recommended Practice (F/P/N)       Gap in adoption of improved
No                                         Technology in AES Village
                                          AES-I    AES-II     AES-III
 1    Sowing
 a    Time                                   N         N          N
 b    Method                                 N         N          N
 c    Spacing                                N         N          N
 2    Verities                               N         N          N
 3    Seed rate (Kg/ ha)                     P         P          P
 4    Seed Treatment                         N         N          N
 5    Organic Manure                         P         P          P
 6    Fertilizer (Kg/ha)
 a    Basal (N+P+K)                          P         F          F
 b    Top dressing (N)                       P         P          N
 7    Method of Fertilizer Application
 a    Basal                                  P         P          N
 b    Top dressing                           P         P          N
 8    Use of Micronutrients                  F         P          F
 9    Pest Management                        N         P          N
10    Disease Management                     N         P          N
11    Weed control                           F         F          P
12    Land Management                        -         -          -
13    Water Management                       N         N          N
14    Method of Harvesting                   F         F          F
15    Yield                                  P         P          P
          a) Grain
          b) Fodder
16.   Storage / Processing                   F         F          F
17    Transportation                         -         -          -
18    Marketing                              P         P          P
19    Special Practices                      -         -          -




                                                                        363
         Gap In adoption of Improved Technology in representative Villages of
                            different AES in Kolar District

Crop : Ground nut (Rainfed)
Sl.    Recommended Practice (F/P/N)      Gap in adoption of improved
No                                        Technology in AES Village
                                         AES-I    AES-II     AES-III
 1   Sowing
 a   Time                                  P          P          P
 3   Method                                P          P          P
 c   Spacing                               N          N          N
 2   Varities                              N          N          N
 3   Seed rate (Kg/ ha)                    P          P          P
 4   Seed Treatment                        F          F          F
 5   Organic Manure                        P          P          P
 6   Fertilizer (Kg/ha)
 a   Basal (N+P+K)                          P         P          P
 b   Top dressing (N)                       P         P          P
 7   Method of Fertilizer Application
 a   Basal                                 N          N          N
 b   Top dressing                          -          -          -
 8   Use of Micronutrients                 F          F          F
 9   Pest Management                       F          F          F
10   Disease Management                    F          F          F
11   Weed control                          N          N          N
12   Land Management                       -          -          -
13   Water Management                      -          -          -
14   Method of Harvesting                  N          N          N
15   Yield                                 P          P          P
         a) Grain                          P          P          P
         b) Fodder
16   Storage / Processing                   P         P          P
17   Transportation                         P         P          P
18   Marketing                              P         P          P
19   Special Practices                      -         -          -




                                                                                364
Gap In adoption of Improved Technology in representative Villages of
different AES in Kolar District

Crop : Paddy (Irrigated)
Sl.     Recommended Practice (F/P/N)       Gap in adoption of improved
No                                          Technology in AES Village
                                          AES-I    AES-II      AES-III
 1    Sowing
 a    Time                                  P         P           P
 3    Method                                P         P           P
 c    Spacing                               P         P           P
 2    Varities                              N         N           P
 3    Seed rate (Kg/ ha)                    P         P           P
 4    Seed Treatment                        P         P           P
 5    Organic Manure                        P         P           P
 6    Fertilizer (Kg/ha)
 a    Basal (N+P+K)                         P         P           P
 b    Top dressing (N)                      P         P           P
 7    Method of Fertilizer Application
 a    Basal                                 N         N           N
 b    Top dressing                          N         N           N
 8    Use of Micronutrients                 F         F           F
 9    Pest Management                       P         P           P
10    Disease Management                    P         P           P
11    Weed control                          P         P           P
12    Land Management                       P         P           P
13    Water Management                      N         N           N
14    Method of Harvesting                  P         P           P
15        Yield     a)Grain                 P         P           P
                    b)Fodder                P         P           P
16    Storage/Processing                    P         P           P
17    Transportation                        P         P           P
18    Marketing                             P         P           P
19    Special Practices (Aerobic rice       F         F           F
      cultivation)




                                                                         365
Gap In adoption of Improved Technology in representative Villages of
different AES in Kolar District

Crop: Paddy (Rainfed)
Sl.    Recommended Practice (F/P/N)        Gap in adoption of improved
No                                          Technology in AES Village
                                          AES-I     AES-II      AES-III
 1    Sowing
 a    Time                                   P          P              P
 3    Method                                 P          P              P
 c    Spacing                                P          P              P
 2    Varieties                              N          N              N
 3    Seed rate (Kg/ ha)                     N          N              N
 4    Seed Treatment                         F          F              F
 5    Organic Manure                         F          F              F
 6    Fertilizer (Kg/ha)
 a    Basal (N+P+K)                          P          P              P
 b    Top dressing (N)                       P          P              P
 7    Method of Fertilizer Application
 a    Basal                                  N          N              N
 b    Top dressing                           N          N              N
 8    Use of Micronutrients                  F          F              F
 9    Pest Management                        F          F              F
10    Disease Management                     P          P              P
11    Weed control                           F          F              F
12    Land Management                        P          P              P
13    Water Management                       P          P              P
14    Method of Harvesting                   P          P              P
15    Yield        a)Grain                   P          P              P
                   b)Fodder                  P          P              P
16    Storage/Processing                     P          P              P
17    Transportation                         P          P              P
18    Marketing                              P          P              P
19    Special Practices                      -          -              -




                                                                           366
Gap In adoption of Improved Technology in representative Villages of
different AES in Kolar District

      Crop : Red Gram(Rainfed)
       Sl.No Recommended Practice (F/P/N)           Gap in adoption of improved
                                                     Technology in AES Village
                                                    AES-I      AES-II AES-III
          1     Sowing
          a     Time                                   P           P      P
          b     Method                                 P           P      P
          c     Spacing                                N           N      N
          2     Varities                               N           N      N
          3     Seed rate (Kg/ ha)                     N           N      N
          4     Seed Treatment                         F           F      F
          5     Organic Manure                         P           P      P
          6     Fertilizer (Kg/ha)
          a     Basal (N+P+K)                          P           P      P
          b     Top dressing (N)                       P           P      P
          7     Method of Fertilizer Application
          a     Basal                                  P           P      N
          b     Top dressing                           N           N      N
          8     Use of Micronutrients                  F           F      F
          9     Pest Management                        P           P      P
         10     Disease Management                     F           F      F
         11     Weed control                           N           N      N
         12     Land Management                        P           P      P
         13     Water Management                       N           N      N
         14     Method of Harvesting                   N           N      N
         15     Yield        a) Grain                  P           P      P
                             b) Fodder                 P           P      P
         16     Storage/Processing                     P           P      P
         17     Transportation                         P           P      P
         18     Marketing                              P           P      P
         19     Special Practices                      -           -      -




                                                                                  367
Gap In adoption of Improved Technology in representative Villages of
different AES in Kolar District

Crop: Avare (Rainfed)
Sl.     Recommended Practice            Gap in adoption of improved
No              (F/P/N)                  Technology in AES Village
                                        AES-I    AES-II     AES-III
 1   Sowing
 a   Time                                 P         P          P
 3   Method                               P         P          P
 c   Spacing                              P         P          P
 2   Varieties                            F         F          F
 3   Seed rate (Kg/ ha)                   F         F          F
 4   Seed Treatment                       F         F          F
 5   Organic Manure                       P         P          P
 6   Fertilizer (Kg/ha)                   F         F          F
 a   Basal (N+P+K)                        F         F          F
 b   Top dressing (N)                     F         F          F
 7   Method of Fertilizer Application
 a   Basal                                F        F          F
 b   Top dressing                         -        -          -
 8   Use of Micronutrients                F        F          F
 9   Pest Management                      P        P          P
10   Disease Management                   F        F          F
11   Weed control                         P        P          P
12   Land Management                      P        P          P
13   Water Management                     -        -          -
14   Method of Harvesting                 N        N          N
15   Yield        a)Grain                 P        P          P
                  b)Fodder                P        P          P
16   Storage/Processing                   P        P          P
17   Transportation                       P        P          P
18   Marketing                            P        P          P
19   Special Practices                    -        -          -




                                                                       368
Gap In adoption of Improved Technology in representative Villages of
different AES in Kolar District

Crop : Mixed cropping Red Gram in Ragi and Groundnut
Sl.    Recommended Practice (F/P/N)      Gap in adoption of improved
No                                        Technology in AES Village
                                        AES-I     AES-II      AES-III
  1   Sowing
  a   Time                                P          P           P
  3   Method                              R          P           P
  c   Spacing                             N          N           N
  2   Varieties                           N          N           N
  3   Seed rate (Kg/ ha)                  F          F           F
  4   Seed Treatment                      R          R           P
  5   Organic Manure                      R          R           P
  6   Fertilizer (Kg/ha)
  a   Basal (N+P+K)                       P          P           P
  b   Top dressing (N)                    -          -           -
  7   Method of Fertilizer Application
  a   Basal                               N          N           N
  b   Top dressing                        N          N           N
  8   Use of Micronutrients               F          F           F
  9   Pest Management                     P          P           P
 10 Disease Management                    P          P           P
 11 Weed control                          N          N           N
 12 Land Management                       P          P           P
 13 Water Management                      -          -           -
 14 Method of Harvesting                  N          N           N
 15 Yield          a)Grain                P          P           P
                  b)Fodder                P          P           P
 16 Storage/Processing                    P          P           P
 17 Transportation                        P          P           P
 18 Marketing                             P          P           P
 19 Special Practices                     -          -           -




                                                                        369
Gap In adoption of Improved Technology in representative Villages of
different AES in Kolar District

Crop : POPCORN
Sl.     Recommended Practice (F/P/N)       Gap in adoption of improved
No                                          Technology in AES Village
                                          AES-I    AES-II      AES-III
 1    Sowing
 a    Time                                   -         P           P
 b    Method                                 -         N           N
 c    Spacing                                -         N           N
 2    Varieties                              -         N           N
 3    Seed rate (Kg/ ha)                     -         F           F
 4    Seed Treatment                         -         P           P
 5    Organic Manure                         -         P           P
 6    Fertilizer (Kg/ha)
 a    Basal (N+P+K)                          -         N           N
 b    Top dressing (N)                       -         N           N
 7    Method of Fertilizer Application
 a    Basal                                  -         N           N
 b    Top dressing                           -         N           N
 8    Use of Micronutrients                  -         F           F
 9    Pest Management                        -         F           F
10    Disease Management                     -         F           F
11    Weed control                           -         P           P
12    Land Management                        -         N           N
13    Water Management                       -         N           N
14    Method of Harvesting                   -         P           P
15    Yield        a)Grain                   -         P           P
                   b)Fodder                            P           P
16    Storage/Processing                     -         P           P
17    Transportation                         -         P           P
18    Marketing                              -         P           P
19    Special Practices                      -         -           -




                                                                         370
Gap In adoption of Improved Technology in representative Villages of
different AES in Kolar District

Crop: Hy. Maize (Irrigated)
Sl.   Recommended Practice (F/P/N)        Gap in adoption of improved
No                                         Technology in AES Village
                                          AES-I AES-II        AES-III
 1    Sowing
 a    Time                                  -        N          P
 3    Method                                -        N          N
 c    Spacing                               -        N          N
 2    Varities                              -        N          N
 3    Seed rate (Kg/ ha)                    -        N          N
 4    Seed Treatment                        -        N          N
 5    Organic Manure                        -        P          P
 6    Fertilizer (Kg/ha)
 a    Basal (N+P+K)                         -        P          P
 b    Top dressing (N)                      -        P          P
 7    Method of Fertilizer Application
 a    Basal                                 -        N          N
 b    Top dressing                          -        N          N
 8    Use of Micronutrients                 -        F          F
 9    Pest Management                       -        F          F
10    Disease Management                    -        P          P
11    Weed control                          -        N          N
12    Land Management                       -        N          N
13    Water Management                      -        N          N
14    Method of Harvesting                  -        N          N
15    Yield
          a) Grain                          -        P          P
          b) Fodder                                  P          P
16    Storage/Processing                    -        P          P
17    Transportation                        -        P          P
18    Marketing                             -        P          P
19    Special Practices                     -        -          -




                                                                        371
Gap In adoption of Improved Technology in representative Villages of
different AES in Kolar District

Crop : SUNFLOWER (Irrigated)
 Sl.No     Recommended Practice              Gap in adoption of improved
                 (F/P/N)                      Technology in AES Village
                                            AES-I AES-II         AES-III
   1     Sowing
   a     Time                                 -         N          N
   b     Method                               -         N          N
   c     Spacing                              -         N          N
   2     Varities                             -         N          N
   3     Seed rate (Kg/ ha)                   -         N          N
   4     Seed Treatment                       -         F          F
   5     Organic Manure                       -         P          P
   6     Fertilizer (Kg/ha)
   a     Basal (N+P+K)                        -         P          P
   b     Top dressing (N)                     -         F          F
   7     Method of Fertilizer Application
   a     Basal                                -         N          N
   b     Top dressing                         -         N          N
   8     Use of Micronutrients                -         F          F
   9     Pest Management                      -         F          F
  10     Disease Management                   -         P          P
  11     Weed control                         -         P          P
  12     Land Management                      -         N          N
  13     Water Management                     -         N          N
  14     Method of Harvesting                 -         N          N
  15     Yield         a) Grain               -         P          P
                       b) Fodder                        P          P
  16     Storage/Processing                   -         P          P
  17     Transportation                       -         P          P
  18     Marketing                            -         P          P
  19     Special Practices                    -         -          -




                                                                           372
Gap In adoption of Improved Technology in representative Villages of
different AES in Kolar District

Crop : Hybrid Maize (Rainfed)
Sl.    Recommended Practice (F/P/N)        Gap in adoption of improved
No                                          Technology in AES Village
                                          AES-I    AES-II       AES-III
 1    Sowing
 a    Time                                   -          P              P
 b    Method                                 -          N              N
 c    Spacing                                -          N              N
 2    Verities                               -          N              N
 3    Seed rate (Kg/ ha)                     -          N              N
 4    Seed Treatment                         -          P              P
 5    Organic Manure                         -          P              P
 6    Fertilizer (Kg/ha)
 a    Basal (N+P+K)                          -          P              P
 b    Top dressing (N)                       -          N              N
 7    Method of Fertilizer Application
 a    Basal                                  -          N              N
 b    Top dressing                           -          N              N
 8    Use of Micronutrients                  -          F              F
 9    Pest Management                        -          F              F
10    Disease Management                     -          F              F
11    Weed control                           -          P              P
12    Land Management                        -          -              -
13    Water Management                       -          -              -
14    Method of Harvesting                   -          N              N
15        Yield a) Grain                     -          P              P
                   b) Fodder                 -          P              P
16    Storage/Processing                     -          P              P
17    Transportation                         -          P              P
18    Marketing                              -          P              P
19    Special Practices                      -          -              -




                                                                           373
                   ENTERPRISE: HORTICULTURE

      Gap In adoption of Improved Technology in representative
              Villages of Different AES in Kolar District

      Crop: Tomato
Sl.       Recommended Practice    Gap in adoption of improved Technology
No              (F/P/N)                       in AES Village
                                   AES-I        AES-II         AES-III
1      Sowing
a      Time                          N            N              N
b      Method                        N            N              N
c      Spacing                       N            P              P
2      Verities                      N            N              N
3      Seed rate (Kg/ ha)            N            N              N
4      Seed Treatment                P            P              P
5      Organic Manure                P            P              P
6      Fertilizer (Kg/ha)            P            P              P
       Basal (N+P+K)
b      Top dressing (N)              P            P              P
7      Method of Fertilizer
       Application
 a     Basal                         P            P              P
 b     Top dressing                  P            P              P
 8     Use of Micronutrients         P            -              -
 9     Pest Management               P            N              P
10     Disease Management            N            N              N
11     Weed control                  N            N              N
12     Land Management               N            N              N
13     Water Management              N            N              N
14     Method of Harvesting          N            N              N
15     Yield                         N            N              N
16.    Storage / Processing          N            N              N
17     Transportation                P            N              N
18     Marketing                     P            P              P
19     Special Practices             P            P              P




                                                                           374
Gap In adoption of Improved Technology in representative Villages of
different AES in Kolar District

Crop : CABBAGE
Sl.          Recommended                 Gap in adoption of improved
No          Practice (F/P/N)             Technology in AES Village
                                          AES-I    AES-II AES-III
 1    Sowing
 a    Time                                  N        N         N
 b    Method                                N        N         N
 c    Spacing                               N        N         N
 2    Verities                              N        N         N
 3    Seed rate (Kg/ ha)                    P        N         P
 4    Seed Treatment                        P        P         P
 5    Organic Manure                        N        N         N
 6    Fertilizer (Kg/ha)
      Basal (N+P+K)                         N        N         P
 b    Top dressing (N)                      P        P         P
 7    Method of Fertilizer Application
 a    Basal                                 N        N         N
 B    Top dressing                          -        -         -
 8    Use of Micronutrients                 P        P         P
 9    Pest Management                       N        N         N
10    Disease Management                    N        P         P
11    Weed control                          N        N         N
12    Land Management                       N        N         N
13    Water Management                      N        N         N
14    Method of Harvesting                  N        N         N
15    Yield                                 N        N         N
16.   Storage / Processing                  P        P         P
17    Transportation                        N        P         P
18    Marketing                             P        N         N
19    Special Practices




                                                                       375
Gap In adoption of Improved Technology in representative Villages of
different AES in Kolar District

Crop : CHILLIES
Sl.    Recommended Practice (F/P/N)       Gap in adoption of improved
No                                         Technology in AES Village
                                         AES-I AES-II         AES-III
 1    Sowing
 a    Time                                 N       N           N
 b    Method                               N       N           N
 c    Spacing                              N       N           N
 2    Verities                             N       N           N
 3    Seed rate (Kg/ ha)                   N       P           P
 4    Seed Treatment                       P       P           P
 5    Organic Manure                       N       N           N
 6    Fertilizer (Kg/ha)
      Basal (N+P+K)                        N       N           P
 b    Top dressing (N)                     N       N           N
 7    Method of Fertilizer Application
 a    Basal                                N       N           N
 b    Top dressing                         N       P           P
 8    Use of Micronutrients                P       P           P
 9    Pest Management                      N       N           N
10    Disease Management                   N       N           N
11    Weed control                         N       N           N
12    Land Management                      N       P           P
13    Water Management                     N       N           N
14    Method of Harvesting                 N       N           N
15    Yield                                N       N           N
16.   Storage / Processing                 N       N           N
17    Transportation                       N       P           P
18    Marketing                            N       N           P
19    Special Practices




                                                                        376
Gap In adoption of Improved Technology in representative Villages of
different AES in Kolar District

Crop : ONION
Sl.    Recommended Practice (F/P/N)        Gap in adoption of improved
No                                          Technology in AES Village
                                          AES-I    AES-II      AES-III
 1    Sowing
 a    Time                                  P         P            P
 b    Method                                N         N            P
 c    Spacing                               N         P            N
 2    Verities                              N         N            N
 3    Seed rate (Kg/ ha)                    N         P            P
 4    Seed Treatment                        P         P            P
 5    Organic Manure                        P         P            P
 6    Fertilizer (Kg/ha)                    P         P            P
      Basal (N+P+K)
 B    Top dressing (N)                      -         -            -
 7    Method of Fertilizer Application      P         P            P
 A    Basal
 B    Top dressing                          -         -            -
 8    Use of Micronutrients                 -         -            -
 9    Pest Management                       P         P            P
10    Disease Management                    P         F            F
11    Weed control                          P         P            P
12    Land Management                       N         N            N
13    Water Management                      N         N            N
14    Method of Harvesting                  N         N            N
15    Yield                                 N         N            N
16.   Storage / Processing                  N         N            N
17    Transportation                        N         N            N
18    Marketing                             N         N            N
19    Special Practices




                                                                         377
Gap In adoption of Improved Technology in representative Villages of
different AES in Kolar District

Crop : MANGO
Sl.    Recommended Practice (F/P/N)      Gap in adoption of improved
No                                        Technology in AES Village
                                         AES-I AES-II        AES-III
 1    Sowing
 a    Time                                 N        N          N
 b    Method                               N        N          N
 c    Spacing                              N        N          P
 2    Varities                             N        N          N
 3    Seed rate (Kg/ ha)                   N        N          N
 4    Seed Treatment                       -        -          -
 5    Organic Manure                       F        F          F
 6    Fertilizer (Kg/ha)
                                           F        F          F
 a    Basal (N+P+K)
 b    Top dressing (N)                     F        F          F
 7    Method of Fertilizer Application
                                           F        F          F
 a    Basal
 b    Top dressing                         F        F          F
 8    Use of Micronutrients                F        F          F
 9    Pest Management                      N        N          N
10    Disease Management                   N        N          N
11    Weed control                         F        F          F
12    Land Management                      F        F          F
13    Water Management                     F        F          F
14    Method of Harvesting                 N        N          N
15    Yield                                N        N          N
16.   Storage / Processing                 N        N          N
17    Transportation                       N        N          N
18    Marketing                            N        N          N
19    Special Practices




                                                                       378
Gap In adoption of Improved Technology in representative Villages of
different AES in Kolar District

Crop : BANANA
Sl.      Recommended Practice            Gap in adoption of improved
No             (F/P/N)                    Technology in AES Village
                                         AES-I    AES-II     AES-III
 1    Sowing
 a    Time                                 N        N          N
 b    Method                               N        N          N
 c    Spacing                              N        N          N
 2    Verities                             N        N          N
 3    Seed rate (Kg/ ha)                   N        N          N
 4    Seed Treatment                       N        N          N
 5    Organic Manure                       N        N          N
 6    Fertilizer (Kg/ha)
                                           N        N          N
 a    Basal (N+P+K)
 b    Top dressing (N)                     -         -         -
 7    Method of Fertilizer Application
                                           N        N          N
 a    Basal
 b    Top dressing                         -        -          -
 8    Use of Micro nutrients               N        N          N
 9    Pest Management                      F        P          P
10    Disease Management                   F        F          F
11    Weed control                         P        P          P
12    Land Management                      N        N          N
13    Water Management                     P        P          P
14    Method of Harvesting                 N        N          N
15    Yield                                N        N          N
16.   Storage / Processing                 N        N          N
17    Transportation                       N        N          N
18    Marketing                            N        N          N
19    Special Practices




                                                                       379
Gap In adoption of Improved Technology in representative Villages of
different AES in Kolar District

Crop : WATER MELON
Sl.   Recommended Practice (F/P/N)       Gap in adoption of improved
No                                       Technology in AES Village
                                         AES-I AES-II AES-III
 1    Sowing
 a    Time                                  N        N           N
 b    Method                                N        P           N
 c    Spacing                               N        N           P
 2    Verities                              N        N           N
 3    Seed rate (Kg/ ha)                    N        N           N
 4    Seed Treatment                        N        P           P
 5    Organic Manure                        N        N           N
 6    Fertilizer (Kg/ha)                    N        P           N
      Basal (N+P+K)
 b    Top dressing (N)                      P        P           P
 7    Method of Fertilizer Application
 a    Basal                                 N        N           N
 b    Top dressing                          P        P           P
 8    Use of Micronutrients                 P        P           P
 9    Pest Management                       N        N           N
10    Disease Management                    N        N           N
11    Weed control                          N        N           N
12    Land Management                       N        N           N
13    Water Management                      N        N           N
14    Method of Harvesting                  N        N           N
15    Yield                                 N        N           N
16.   Storage / Processing                  N        N           N
17    Transportation                        N        N           N
18    Marketing                             N        N           N
19    Special Practices




                                                                       380
Gap In adoption in Animal Husbandry
Animal: Cow
Sl.       Recommended Practice        Recommendation      Gap in adoption of
No              (F/P/N)                                       improved
                                                       Technology in AES Village
                                                       AES-I AES-II AES-III
1     Breed upgradation
a)    Artificial Insemination              Yes           F       F         F
b)    Breed                               HF, Jr         P       N         N
c)    Location                        VH, VD, P.V.C,     P       P         P
                                        AI Centres
d)    Natural Insemination                 NO            -       F         F
e)    Location                         Bull centre       P       P         P
2     Feed Management (Per
      animal)
a     Green fodder (kgs/days)           30-40 KGS        P       P         P
b     Dry fodder (Kgs/day)               5-8 KGS         P       P         N
c     Concentrates (Kgs/day)                2-5          P       P         P
d     Minerals (Mix)                     30 Grms         F       F         P
e     Vitamins(Mix)                      5-10 ML         F       F         F
3     Inter calving period (Months)         12           P       P         P
4     Health care (Per annum)
A     Hs/Bq (No. of Vaccinations        Twice / year     N       N         P
B     FMD                                1 / Year        N       N         P
C     Rinder pest                         1/ Year        N       N         P
D     Mastitis test                        Daily         F       F         F
E     Deworming                           2 / year       F       F         F
5         General Management
A     Washing (Times/day)                   1-2          P       N         N
B     Cleaning(Times/day)                   1-2          P       P         N
C     Housing(Pacca / Kutcha)              Pacca         P       N         P
D     Drinking water                     50-100Ltr       P       P         N
E     Yallowing
6     Average Yield Milk/day/animal        15-20         P       P         P




                                                                          381
Gap In adoption in Animal Husbandry

Animal: Buffalo
Sl. Recommended Practice             Recommendation   Gap in adoption of improved
No (F/P/N)                                             Technology in AES Village
                                                      AES-I AES-II        AES-III
1    Breed upgradation
a)   Artificial Insemination              Yes           P        N         P
b)   Breed                           Surthi, Murrah
c)   Location                        VH, VD, P.V.C,     P        P         P
                                       AI centre
d)   Natural Insemination                 NO            F        F         F
e)   Location                         Bull centre       P        P         P
2    Feed Management (Per
     animal)
 A   Green fodder (kgs/days)            30-40 Kgs       P        P         P
 B   Dry fodder (Kgs/day)                5-6 Kgs        F        P         N
 C   Concentrates (Kgs/day)             0.5 to 2.5      F        F         F
 D   Minerals (Mix)                       20-30         F        F         F
 E   Vitamins (Mix)                      5-10 ml        F        F         F
 3   Inter calving period (Months)        15-18         P        P         P
 4   Health care (Per annum)
 A   HS /Bq (No.of Vaccinations          2/ year        N        N         P
 B   FMD                                  1/year        N        N         P
 C   Rinder pest                       1/ life time     N        N         F
 D   Mastitis test                        Daily         F        F         F
 E   Deworming                          2/ years        F        F         F
 5       General Management
 A   Washing (Times/day)                   1-2          P        N         N
 B   Cleaning (Times/day)                  1-2          P        P         N
 C   Housing (Pacca /Kutcha)              Pacca         P        P         P
 D   Drinking water                       Adlib         N        N         N
 E   Yallowing
 6   Average Yield Milk/day/animal         4-6          P        P         P




                                                                               382
Gap In adoption in Animal Husbandry

Animal: SHEEP
Sl.      Recommended Practice         Recommendation     Gap in adoption of improved
No             (F/P/N)                                    Technology in AES Village
                                                        AES-I     AES-II      AES-III
1     Breed upgradation
a)    Artificial Insemination               No            N         N           N
b)    Breed                                               -         -           -
c)    Location                           AI Centre        F         F           F
d)    Natural Insemination            Bannur/ Rambule     F         P           P
e)    Location                          Ram Cemtre        P         P           P
2     Feed Management (Per
      animal)
A     Green fodder (kgs/days)             4-6 kgs         P          P          P
B     Dry fodder (Kgs/day)                0.5kgs          F          P          P
C     Concentrates (Kgs/day)             0.05-0.25        F          F          F
D     Minerals (Mix)                     5-10 grm         F          F          F
E     Vitamins (Mix)                        2-3           F          F          F
3     Inter calving period (Months)         6-7           P          P          P
4     Health care (Per annum)
A     ET No. of Vaccination               2/ year         N          P          P
B     FMD                                 1/ year         P          P          P
C     Rinder pest                        1/lifetime       N
D     Mastitis test                           -           -
E     Deworming                               3           P
5         General Management
A     Washing (Times/day)               2-4 / month       P         P           P
B     Cleaning (Times/day)                   2/           P         F           P
C     Housing (Pacca / Kutcha)             Pacca          P         F           P
D     Drinking water                       Adlib          P         N           N
E     Yallowing
6     Average Yield Milk/day/animal                       -          -          -




                                                                                383
Gap In adoption of Improved Technology in representative Villages of
different AES in Kolar District

Crop: Sericulture

Sl.    Recommended Practice (F/P/N)       Gap in adoption of improved
No                                         Technology in AES Village
                                          AES-I     AES-II     AES-III
 1    Sowing                                -          -          -
 a    Time                                  P          N          -
 b    Method                                P          F          P
 c    Spacing                               P          P          P
 2    Verities                              P          F          P
 3    Seed rate (Kg/ ha)                    -          P          P
 4    Seed Treatment                        F          F          F
 5    Organic Manure                        P          P          P
 6    Fertilizer (Kg/ha)                    P          F          F
      Basal (N+P+K) Straight fertilizer
 b    Top dressing (N)                      -         -          -
 7    Method of Fertilizer Application      P         P          F
 a    Basal Trench
 b    Top dressing                          -         -          -
 8    Use of Micronutrients                 P         F          P
 9    Pest Management                       P         P          P
10    Disease Management                    P         P          P
11    Weed control                          P         P          P
12    Land Management                       -         -          -
13    Water Management                      P         P          P
14    Method of Harvesting                  P         F          P
15    Yield                                 P         P          P
16    Storage/Processing                    -         -          -
17    Transportation                        -         -          -
18    Marketing                             P         P          P
19    Special Practices                     -         -          -




                                                                         384
                               SWOT ANALYSIS

AES – I            Existing Farming System         - II
                   (Agriculture + Sericulture)

              STRENGTHS                              WEAKNESSES
   a. Staple food                           a. Irrigation facility needed
   b. Low cost of cultivation               b. Local Variety of mulberry-hence
   c. Additional income from sale of           low yield and low cocoon quality.
       cocoons
               THREATS                              OPPORTUNITIES
  a. Low returns or loss in pure Ragi            Limited
      crop, may reduce the profits made
      in sericulture
  b. Depleted land fertility

                      Mutually Agreed upon Farming System
                         [(Ragi + Pulses) + Sericulture]

              STRENGTHS                               WEAKNESSES
 a.   Staple food (Ragi)                  Irrigation facility needed
 b.   Extra income and nutrition from
      pulses
 c.   Use of soil depth, moisture.
 d.   Additional income source from
      sericulture


                 THREATS                              OPPORTUNITIES
      Limitied                             a.    Effective use of soil moisture
                                           b.    Returns from pulses, in the event
                                                 of failure of Ragi.
                                           c.    Additional and assured source of
                                                 income from Sericulture
                                           d.    Use of V-1 variety of mulberry
                                           e.    Higher yield and quality of
                                                 cocoons.




                                                                                385
386
                               SWOT ANALYSIS

AES – I                 Existing Farming System         - III
                    Agriculture + Horticulture + Sericulture
               [Ragi, Tomato, Cole crops, Local mulberry variety]

           STRENGTHS                                  WEAKNESSES
 a. Staple Food                           a. Irrigation facility is a must
 b. Assured income from sericulture       b. Low soil fertility
                                          c. Unstable market prices for
                                             vegetables, especially Tomato.

            THREATS                               OPPORTUNITIES
 a. Tomato – Market Glut                   Moderate
 b. Low quality of cocoons due to
    local methods of rearing silk
    worms


                       Mutually agreed upon farming system:
   [Ragi + Pulses + Diverse vegetables crops (apart from Tomato) v1 variety of
                                         mulberry]
             STRENGTHS                                 WEAKNESSES
 a. Staple Food and improved                a. Irrigation facility is compulsory
     nutritional status of family (Ragi +
     Pulses)
 b. Use of high yielding varieties of
     vegetables
 c. New varieties of mulberry
 d. Improved cultivation practices
 e. Tomato market glut avoided
              THREATS                                OPPORTUNITIES
                                           a. Soil fertility improved by use of
                                               pulses in Ragi.
                                           b. Effective uses of soil depth and soil
                                               moisture.
                                           c. Diverse vegetable crops, help to
                                               catch, other markets other than
                                               tomato.
                                           d. Assured returns from vegetables
                                           e. Increased returns from sericulture
                                           f. Improved market infrastructure.

                                                                                388
                               SWOT ANALYSIS

       AES-I: Existing Farming System- IV                             RP
Agri + Seri + Hort + AH

(Ragi, Paddy, local varieties, of Tomato, Mango, Cows, rearing silk
worms, eucalyptus.)
STRENGTHS                              WEAKNESSES

  1. Staple Food                           Local varieties are used.
                                          1.
  2. Assured income from Cows              Subsistence farming.
                                          2.
  3. Good returns from dry land,          Unpredicted yield of Ragi /Paddy
     horticulture crops.                  Returns less & unpredicted – Hort
  4. Assured income from Seri             Improper feeding of Cows
     culture                              Rearing only Cows – is not only highly
                                           profitable
                                          Local varieties of Mango etc yield
                                           moderately.
                                          Eucalyptus will lead to soil moisture
                                           stress and low soil fertility
                                          Eucalyptus causes crop shading
                                          Irrigation necessary for Hort
                                          Marketing infrastructure is in adequate.
THREATS                                OPPORTUNITIES

  1. Low, Untimely rainfall-crop          1. Limited
     failure
  2. unstable market prices.
  3. Only staple food is got,
     however in case of crop failure
     alternative source of income is
     wanting.
  4. If only Cows are reared excess
     milk production causes market
     Glut.
  5. Global competition with
     respect to cocoon quality




                                                                              389
EFS – 4
Proposed System – (Mixed cropping with Sunflower and Maize, Grafted
Mango, Export quality vegetables, integrated farming with Cows and Sheep,
Hybrid Eucalyptus, cashew

STRENGTHS                               WEAKNESSES

  1. Assured and high rate of             1. Labor requirement is poor.
     returns.                             2. Irrigation is necessary
  2. Commercial farming
  3. Hybrid varieties of crops
  4. Scientific cultivation practices
  5. Scientific methods of rearing
     silk worms, Cows, Buffaloes,
     Sheep‟s etc
  6. More employment created
  7. Quality Produce
THREATS                                 OPPORTUNITIES

   1. Require good management             1. Can prepare good organic manure –
      practices                              hence soil health
   2. Capital Investment is high          2. Can grow Cashew instead of
                                             Eucalyptus/Hybrid varieties of
                                             Eucalyptus which is profitable and
                                             Eco friendly
                                          3. Opportunities for market access-both
                                             local and export markets
                                          4. Opportunities for vegetable
                                             processing
                                          5. Good market price due to good
                                             quality of Produce
                                          6. Cross flock breeding and good
                                             feeding of sheep, goat etc will
                                             increase returns.
                                          7. Even at times of low rain fall
                                             alternative sources of income is
                                             realized by the farmers



                                                                              390
PROPOSED EXTENSION
    STRATEGIES




                     391
VIII PROPOSED EXTENSION STRATEGIES

       The following feasible extension strategies have been proposed based on the
analysis of data collected through PRA and related issues, problems in Kolar
District.

Strategies-

   A.    Improvement of productivity and income of farmers in the existing
         enterprises and farming system.
   B.    Diversification and intensification of existing farming system.
   C.    Sustainability in productivity / income
   D.    Natural resource management
   E.    Financial sustainability
   F.    Marketing system
   G.    Community organization
   H.    Human resources.




                                                                               392
   A. Improvement of Productivity
   1A: Agriculture production system

  Crop        Critical Gap             Strategic issue             Strategies          AESs
Paddy       Higher seed rate      Use of recommended seed    -Demonstration           I, II & III
(Rainfed)   due to broad          rate                       -Exposure visits
            casting method of                                -Training
            sowing                                           -Popularization of
                                                             suitable sowing
                                                             implements
            Use of untreated      Encouraging sowing with -Demonstrations             I, II & III
            seeds                 treated seeds              -Trainings
                                                             -Availability of small
                                                             sized packets of seed
                                                             treatment chemicals
            Lack of optimum       Maintaining the optimum -Demonstration              I, II & III
            plant population      plant population by        -Exposure visits
                                  changing method of         -Training
                                  sowing                     -Use of suitable
                                                             sowing equipment
            Imbalanced            To promote balanced        -Demonstration           I, II & III
            application of NPK    application of NPK as      -Soil testing
            as basal dose         basal dose                 -Exposure visits
                                                             -Training
            Excess use of N       Promotion of               -Demonstration           I, II & III
            fertilizer as top     recommended dosage of N -Soil testing
            dressing              Fertilizer                 -Exposure visits
                                                             -Training
1. Ragi        1. Method of       Popularization of suitable -Demonstration           I, II & III
Irrigated         sowing          sowing implement           -Exposure visit
&                                                            -Training
Rainfed                                                      - Popularization and
                                                             Availability of
                                                             Implements
            2. No seed            Adoption of seed           -Method                  I, II & III
            treatment             treatment                  Demonstration
                                                             -Exposure Visit
                                                             -Training
            3. Higher seed rate   Adopting of                -Demonstration           I, II & III
                                  recommended seed rate      -Exposure visit
                                                             -Training
            4. Imbalanced         Use of balanced            -Demonstration           I, II & III
            Fertilizer            fertilizers                -Exposure visit
                                                             -Training
            5. Method of          Use of seed cum fertilizer -Demonstration           I, II & III
            fertilizer            drill and multi furrow     -Exposure visit
            application           opener                     -Training



                                                                                        393
              6. Non use of         Use of Micro nutrient      -Demonstration    I, II & III
              Micro nutrients                                  -Exposure visit
                                                               -Training
              7. Pest and disease   Adoption of proper pest    -Demonstration    I, II & III
              management            and disease management     -Exposure visit
                                    practices.                 -Training
              8. Method of          Popularization of crop     -Demonstration    I, II & III
              Harvesting            harvesters by way of       -Exposure visit
                                    owner ship / Co-           -Training
                                    operatives
              9. Post Harvest       Popularization of          -Method           I, II & III
              technology            improved Storage method    Demonstration
                                                               -Exposure visit
                                                               - Training
2. Ground     1.High seed rate       Recommended seed rate     -Demonstration         II
    nut                                                        -Exposure visit
                                                               - Training
              2.No seed               Use of seed treatment    -Method                II
              Treatment                     chemical           Demonstration
                                                               -Exposure visit
                                                               - Training
              3. Imbalanced use           Application of       -Demonstration         II
              of fertilizer and       recommended dose of      -Exposure visit
              micro nutrients          fertilizer along with   - Training
                                              Gypsum
              4. Non use of Bio-      Popularization of Bio-  -Demonstration          II
              fertilizes                      fertilizes      -Exposure visit
                                                              - Training
              5.No pest and            Popularization of      -Demonstration          II
              disease             Integrated pest and disease -Exposure visit
              Management            management practices      - Training
 3. Paddy     1. Improper nursery      -Raised seed beds      -Demonstration           I
(Irrigated)   method                 -Increase of area for    -Exposure visit
                                             nursery          - Training
              2. Over aged         -Transplanting optimum -Demonstration               I
              seedlings                  aged seedlings       -Exposure visit
                                                              - Training
              3. High seed rate    Use of optimum seed rate -Demonstration             I
                                                              -Exposure visit
                                                              - Training
              4.Puddled paddy       Popularization of semi    -Demonstration           I
                                        irrigated paddy       -Exposure visit
                                                              - Training
              5.Low plant                - Optimum Plant      -Demonstration     I
              population                     popularization   -Exposure visit
                                                              - Training
              6. Non application  -Popularization of micro    -Demonstration     I
              of micro nutrients  nutrients                   -Exposure visit
                                                              - Training


                                                                                     394
             7. Inadequate Pest    Popularization of           -Demonstration     I
             and disease           Integrated pest and disease -Exposure visit
             management            management                  - Training


             8. Weed               Popularization of           -Demonstration     I
             management            chemical weedicides         -Exposure visit
                                                               - Training
             9. Improper time of   Popularization of proper    -Demonstration     I
             harvesting            time of harvesting          -Exposure visit
                                                               - Training
 4.Pulses    1. Higher seed rate       -Optimum seed rate      -Demonstration     I, II & III
(Pure and                                                      -Exposure visit
  mixed                                                        - Training
cropping)    2. Imbalanced use     Use of recommended dose -Demonstration         I, II & III
             of fertilizer                 of fertilizer       -Exposure visit
                                                               - Training
             3.Non use of Bio       Use of rhizobium culture - Method             I, II & III
             fertilizes                      and PSB           Demonstration
                                                               -Exposure visit
                                                               - Training
             4. Non use of micro      Use of recommended       - Demonstration    I, II & III
             Nutrients                   micro nutrients       -Exposure visit
                                                               - Training
             5. Inadequate pest    Integrated pest and disease - Demonstration    I, II & III
             and disease                  management           -Exposure visit
             management                                        - Training
 5. Maize    1. High seed rate         -Optimum seed rate      - Method           I, II & III
(Irrigated                                                     Demonstration
    and                                                        - Exposure visit
 rainfed)                                                      - Training
             2. Non adoption of       Application of seed      - Demonstration    I, II & III
             seed treatment B.              treatment          - Exposure visit
             Diversification and                               - Training
             Intensification
             3. Excess               -Use of recommended       - Demonstration    I, II & III
             application of            dose of fertilizer      - Exposure visit
             fertilizes                                        - Training
             4. Use of Micro         -Use of recommended       - Demonstration    I, II & III
             Nutrients             quantity of micro nutrients - Exposure visit
                                                               - Training
             5.Inadeonate pest      -Adoption of Integrated    - Demonstration    I, II & III
             and disease                pest and disease       - Exposure visit
             management              management practices      - Training
             6. Sowing of maize          -Crop rotation        - Demonstration    I, II & III
             in Endemic areas                                  - Exposure visit
                                                               - Training




                                                                                      395
    6.        1.No seed treatment -Adoption of             - Method                    II
Sunflower                         recommended seed         Demonstration
(Irrigated                        treatment                -Exposure visit
   and                                                     - Training
 rainfed)     2. Inadequate use of Use of recommended dose - Demonstration             II
              fertilizes                    fertilizer     - Exposure visit
                                                           - Training


              3. Non use of micro     Use of recommended        - Demonstration        II
              nutrients                 micro nutrients         - Exposure visit
                                                                - Training
              4. Improper pest      Adoption of integrated      - Demonstration        II
              and disease           pest and disease            - Exposure visit
              management            management practices        - Training
              practices
              5. Non adoption of    -Following hand pollution   - Demonstration        II
              hand pollination                                  - Exposure visit
              practices                                         - Training
 7. Pop       1. No seed              Use of seed treatment     -Method                II
  corn        treatment                    chemicals            Demonstration
                                                                - Exposure visit
                                                                - Training
              2. Excessive use of     Use of recommended        -Method                II
              fertilizer dose          dosage of fertilizer     Demonstration
                                                                - Exposure visit
                                                                - Training
              3.Non use of micro      Use of recommended        -Method                II
              nutrients             dosage of micro nutrients   Demonstration
                                                                - Exposure visit
                                                                - Training
              4. Inadequate          Popularization of IDM      -Method                II
              disease                                           Demonstration
              management                                        - Exposure visit
                                                                - Training
2. Horticultural Production system.
1)           1. No seed treatment         -Adoption of          -Method            I, II & III
Tomato                                 recommended seed         Demonstration
                                            treatment           - Exposure visit
                                                                - Training
             2. Excess use of             -Application of       - Demonstration    I, II & III
             fertilizer               recommended dose of       - Exposure visit
                                            fertilizers         - Training
             3. Non use of Micro          -Application of       - Demonstration    I, II and
             nutrients                 recommended Micro        - Exposure visit       III
                                             nutrients          - Training
             4. Inadequate pest     -Adoption of IPM & IDM      - Demonstration    I, II and
             and disease                                        - Exposure visit       III
             management                                         - Training

                                                                                     396
5.Use of non resistent   Use of Bacterial resistent   - Demonstration          I, II and
Hybrids for Bacterial            Hybrids              - Exposure visit             III
wilt                                                  - Training
6.Glut in the market      -Restricting the Tomato     Legislation on area of   I, II and
                         area through Legislation     production                   III




                                                                                397
b) Potato   1. Improper seed              -Adoption of           -Method             I & III
            treatment                  recommended seed          Demonstration
                                           treatment.            - Exposure visit
                                                                 - Training
            2. Indiscriminate use     Use of recommended         -Soil testing       I & III
            of fertilizer                   fertilizer           - Demonstration
                                                                 - Exposure visit
                                                                 - Training
            3. Inadequate pest      -Popularization of IPM &     - Demonstration     I & III
            and disease                       IDM                - Exposure visit
            management                                           - Training
            4. Storage loss            Popularization of         - Demonstration     I & III
                                    improved storage method      - Exposure visit
                                                                 - Training
c)          1. Non use of micro       Use of recommended          Demonstration      I & III
Cabbage     nutrients                    micro nutrient           Exposure visit
/                                                                 Training
cauliflow   2. Improper pest and    Adoption of Integrated        Demonstration      I & III
er          disease management         pest and disease           Exposure visit
                                        management                Training
d)          1. Improper pest and    Adoption of Integrated        Demonstration      I & III
Chilles     disease management         pest and disease           Exposure visit
                                        management                Training
e) Water    1. Improper spacing          Adoption of              Demonstration      I & III
Melon                               recommended spacing           Exposure visit
                                                                  Training
            2. Non use of Micro       Use of recommended          Demonstration      I & III
            nutrient                     Micro nutrient           Exposure visit
                                                                  Training
            3. Inadequate pest       Adoption of integrated       Demonstration      I & III
            and disease                 pest and disease          Exposure visit
            management                   management               Training
f) Onion    1. Broad casting        Adoption of line sowing       Demonstration     I , II, and
            method of sowing        and maintenance of plant      Exposure visit         III
            and non –optiomal             population              Training
            population
            2.Untimly weed              Popularization of        Demonstration      I , II, and
            management                     weedicide             Exposure visit          III
                                                                 Training
            3. Inadequate disease    Adoption of Integrated      Demonstration      I , II, and
            and pest management          pest and disease        Exposure visit          III
                                          management             Training
g) Mango 1. Alternate bearing       Popularization of regular    Demonstration       I & III
                                    bearing varieties / Hybrid   Exposure visit
                                                                 Training
            2. Non use of                Application of          Demonstration       I & III
            fertilizers              recommended dose of         Exposure visit
                                           fertilizers           Training


                                                                                     398
            3. Inadequate plant         Popularization of        Demonstration               I & III
            protection measures        recommended plant         Exposure visit
                                       protection measures       Training
            4. No regular Inter            Adoption of           Demonstration               I & III
            cultivation / weed         recommended Inter         Exposure visit
            management                 cultivation practices     Training

            5. Local method of      Popularization Improved      Demonstration               I & III
            harvesting              method of harvesting and     Training
                                          Implements
            6. Improper              Proper maintenance of     Demonstration                 I & III
            sanitation in the                garden            Exposure visit
            garden                                             Training
            7.Very high aged              Rejuvenation /       Demonstration                 I & III
            trees                   Replacement of aged trees Exposure visit
                                                               Training
  h)        1. Non use of disease    Selection of disease free Awareness                     I & III
Banana      free suckers             suckers or tissue culture Demonstration
                                               plants          Training
            2. Inadequate pest of      Adoption of IPDM        Awareness                     I & III
            disease management                                 Demonstration
                                                               Training
            3. Non use of micro       Use of recommended       Awareness                     I & III
            nutrients                    micro nutrients       Demonstration
                                                               Training
            4. Flooding method      Adoption drip method of Awareness                        I & III
            of irrigation                    irrigation        Demonstration
                                                               Training
3. Sericulture production System
1. Mulber- 1. Non availability of  Create awareness among        Exposure and              I, II, & III
ry cultiv- seed material            farmers to maintain seed     Demonstrations
tion                               material in existing garden
(Irrigated) 2. Non - adoption of   Encouraging treatment of      Exposure visits and       I, II, & III
            recommended                  seed cuttings           Demonstration
            treatment to mulberry
            cuttings
            3. Partial application       Application of          Adopting composting       I, II, & III
            of recommended          recommended dosage of        method Through
            organic manures and       Organic Manures &          training ,demonstration
            chemical fertilizer        chemical fertilizer
            4. Non use of Micro      Popularizing the use of     Demonstration and         I, II, & III
            nutrients                   Micro Nutrients          Training
            Non-Adoption of        Encourage inter crop with     Training and              I, II, & III
            Green manuring              Green manure.            Demonstration
            Non - use of Bio       Encourage the use of Bio-     Through                   I, II, & III
            fertilizer                       fertilizer          Demonstration
            5. Traditional Water       To encourage drip         Through                   I, II, & III
            management                      irrigation           Demonstration


                                                                                             399
            6. Inadequate           Adopt plant of protection    Through Training        I, II, & III
            management of pest             measures
            and diseases
            7.Non use of secature   Popularizing the Usage of    Through                 I, II, & III
            in pruning and           secature in pruning and     Demonstration &
            harvest                          harvest             Training


b) SILK WORM REARING (Irrigated)
2. Silk     1. Non use of loose      Popularizing the use of     Awareness through       I, II, &III
worm        eggs                            loose eggs           Demonstration
rearing     2. Improper egg          Popularizing the use of     Awareness through       I, II, &III
(Irrigate   transportation          egg carrying box for safe    Demonstration
d)                                    transportation of silk
                                            worm egg
            3. Dominance of           Popularizing the high      Awareness through       I, II, &III
            Race CSR 2x4                   yielding race         Training and Exposure
            4. Non adoption of           Popularizing the        Awareness through       I, II, &III
            disinfectants through         importance of          Method
            power sprayers            disinfectants through      Demonstrations
                                         power sprayers
            5. Non adoptions of     Encourage to start private   Create awareness        I, II, &III
            chawki rearing                     CRC               Through method
                                                                 Demonstration
            6. Non adoption of          Adoption use of          Awareness through       I, II, &III
            use of recommended      recommended quantity of      Demonstrations
            quantity bed                bed disinfectants
            disinfectants
            7. Non use of            Popularizing the use of     Method                  I, II, &III
            mounting hormone          mounting hormone           Demonstrations
            8. Non adoption of      Popularizing the low cost    Awareness through       I, II, &III
            separate Mounting            mounting hall           Exposure
            hall
            9. Non adoption of       Popularizing the use of     Create awareness        I, II, &III
            method of plastic          plastic Chandrikes        Through exposure, and
            mountages                                            Method Demonstration
            10. Non adoption of       Popularizing the use of    Awareness through       I, II, &III
            method of use of        lime powder in large scale   Exposure
            lime powder                     in rearing
            11.Non adoption of         Adoption of proper        Create awareness        I, II, &III
            method of mounting      temperature at the time of   Through training
            temperature                     mounting             regarding importence
                                                                 of temperature in
                                                                 mounting
                              4. Fish production System:



                                                                                           400
1. Fish    1. Unawareness              Creating awareness         Training         I, II, &III
producti   about physico-            about physico- chemical      Exposure visit
on         Chemical Parameters             Parameters             Demonstration
           of soil and water of
           fishponds.
           2. Improper Pre             Proper p restocking        Training         I, II, &III
           stocking measures               Measures               Exposure visit
                                                                  Demonstration
           3. Improper stocking        Promotion of proper        Training           I, II,
           measures                     stocking measures         Exposure visit     &III~
                                                                  Demonstration


           4. Unawareness           Creating awareness about      Training         I, II, &III
           about composite fish      composite fish farming       Exposure visit
           farming                                                Demonstration
           5. Improper artificial      Promotion of proper        Training         I, II, &III
           feeding                       artificial feeding       Exposure visit
                                                                  Demonstration
           6. Unexploited           Exploiting the potential of   Training         I, II, &III
           potential of fish         fish farming in storage      Exposure visit
           farming in water            ponds village pond         Demonstration
           storage ponds village
           ponds and kalyani
           7. Marketing of fish      To promote marketing of      Training         I, II, &III
           through unorganized        fish through organized      Exposure visit
           sectors                             sectors
           8. Unawareness           To create awareness about     Training         I, II, &III
           about cold storage           storing fish in cold      Exposure visit
           and processing of         storages and process the
           fish                                  fish
           9. Non availability of      To Encourage private       Training         I, II, &III
           quality seed in time     entrepreneurs to setup fish   Exposure visit
           and space                      seed hatcheries




                                                                                     401
5. ANIMAL HUSBANDRY

Animal Critical gap      Strategy             Activities                                              AES
1. Cow a)Artificial      a)Improving          a) providing awareness about AI with audio – visual     I , II
       insemination      knowledge about      aids.                                                   &
       Partial           advantage and        b)Intensify the availability of technical staff.        III
       adoption of       disadvantages of     c)Providing refreshment trainings to technical
       AI                AI.                  persons.
                         b) Improving         e)Intensify the availability of semen , semen storage
                         percentage of        and transportation.
                         conception in AI.    f) Conducting fertility improvement camps.
        b) Fodder        Improving the        a) Providing awareness about animal production           -
        gap in           knowledge about      capacity, its requirements and dairy economics.         do -
        adoption of      animal production    b) Intensify the supply o good quality fodder seeds
        quality          capacity and its     and root slips ex. Lucerne, Rhodes, Signal, Green
        fodder           fodder requirement   panic and Azola.
        feeding.
        c) Minerals&     Improving            a) Intensify the awareness‟ programmes about             -
        vitamins.        knowledge about      importance of feeding minerals & vitamins.              do
        Full gap in      importance of
        adoption of      minerals &
        feeding          vitamins.
        minerals &
        vitamins.
        d) Inter-        Improve              a) Intensify the awareness programme about “a calf      - do
        calving          knowledge about      a year”.                                                -
        period.          “a calf a year”.
        larger inter
        calving
        period.
        e) Health        Improve              a) Intensify the awareness programme about animal       - do
        care.            knowledge about      health & hygiene through trainings and field visits.    -
        gap in health    animal health and    b) Intensify the conduction of animal health camps.
        care             hygiene.             c) Intensify the conduction of mass dosing
        management.                           programme and external parasites control
                                              programmes.
                                              d) Erecting disease diagnostic labs at taluka level
                                              hospitals.
        f) General       Improve              a) Intensify the awareness programmes about animal      - do
        management.      knowledge about      management through training and field visits.           -
        Partial gap in   animal
        Adoption of      management and
        general.         its importance.
        management
                                                                                             402
          g) Average      Improve the        By providing awareness about complete dairy
          milk yield .    knowledge about    management and economics that is all the above
          Full gap in     complete dairy     mentioned activities
          average milk    management and
          yield           its economics
          production
          ( 3-5 lts/
          animal)
2. Buff   a) Breed      a)Improve           a) Providing awareness programmes through training       I,
aloes     upgradation.  awareness of AI     and field visits.                                       II &
          partial       importance.         b) Intensify the availability of technical persons.     III
          adoption of   b) Improve          c) Providing refreshment training to technical persons.
          artificial    availability of     d) Conducting fertility improvement camps.
          insemination. technical
                        persons.
                        c) Improve
                        conception rate.
          b) Feed       Improve             a) Providing awareness programmes abou the feed          -do
          management. awareness about       and fodder requirement of the animal.                   -
          Partial       feed and fodder     b) Intensify the supply of fodder seeds.
          adoption of   requirement of
          feed          the animal.
          management.
          c)            Improve             a) Conducting awareness programmes about breeding       - do
          Intercalving awareness about      through training and field visits.                      -
          period.       breeding
          larger        programmes.
          intercalving
          period.
          d) Health     Improve the         a) providing the awareness about importance of          - do
          care          knowledge about     deworming                                               -
          non adoption the importance       b) Conducting deworming camps
          of            of deworming
          deworming
          schedule
3.        a) Breed      Improving the       a) Providing the awareness programmes about the          - do
Sheep     upgradation. awareness about      breeding i.e. avoiding inbreeding and in descriptive     -
&                       the breeding.       breeding through training & field visits.
Goats     Breeding                          b) Providing graded rams i.e. Rambulae, Bannur.
          with non                          Bucks i.e. Jamnapuri.
          descriptive                       c) Assisting local progressive farmers with supply of
          males.                            breeding stocks.
          b) Feed       Improving the       a) Providing awareness programme about feed, fodder -do -
          management. awareness about       and production through training & field visits.
          Feeding poor requirements and     b) Improve grassland quality through providing good
          quality of    importance of       quality fodder seeds like signal, green panic and stylo.
          green fodder feed and fodder.     c) Encouraging growing of fodder trees through
          and not                           supply of fodder trees.
          feeding
          concentrates,

                                                                                             403
minerals &
vitamins.
c)             Improve           a) Through trainings and field visits.                -do -
Interlambing   awareness about
period         feed , health &
               general
gap of 3-5     management
months .       practices .
d) Health      Improve           a) Improve awareness about the importance of          - do
care           awareness about   deworming through trainings & field visits.           -
conducting.    importance of     b) Conducting mass dosing camps with the assistance
deworming      deworming.        of labs.
1-2 times /
year with
partial gap.
e)general      a) Improve        a) Improve awareness about general management & it    - do
management     awareness about   importance through trainings and field visits.        -
Gap in         general           b) Assisting animal owners with bank loans to erect
adoption of    management &      pakka housing.
cleaning       its important.
washing &
Housing.




                                                                              404
405
B. Diversification and Intensification
1. Agriculture
Sl.   Critical Gap          Strategic Issue               Strategies       AESs
No
 1    Wet land paddy         Diversification to semi      Demonstration    I, II & III
      needs more water          irrigated paddy           Exposure visit
                                                          Training
 2    Broad casting         Popularizing of seed cum      Demonstration    I, II & III
      method of sowing in    fertilizer drill and multi   Exposure visit
      Ragi                         furrow opener          Training
 3.   Imbalanced use of         Integrated nutrient       Demonstration    I, II & III
      fertilizer                    management            Exposure visit
                                                          Training
 4    Inadequate plant         Integrated pest and        Demonstration    I, II & III
      protecting measures     disease management          Exposure visit
                                                          Training
                                                          Soil testing
 5    Mono cropping          Mixed cropping system        Demonstration    I, II & III
      system                                              Exposure visit
                                                          Training
 6    Injudicious use of       Scientific method of       Demonstration    I, II & III
      water                  Irrigation practices/drip    Exposure visit
                                     irrigation           Training
 7    Alternate income           Bio-fuel plants          Demonstration    I, II & III
      generating crops                                    Exposure visit
      under dry land                                      Training
      situation
 8    Exploitation of        Popularizing low water       Demonstration    I, II & III
      ground water             requirement crops          Exposure visit
                                                          Training




                                                                                   406
                                     2. Horticulture
Sl.         Critical Gap             Strategic issue                  Strategy            AESs
No
 1     Inefficient                  Integrated pest and    Demonstration                 I, II &
       management of pest          disease management      Exposure visit                   III
       and disease                                         Training
2      Very old aged trees          Rejuvenation and       Demonstration                     I
                                replacement of old trees Exposure visit
                                                           Training
3      Post harvest                  Proper storage        Method demonstration              I
       technology                technology & facilities   Exposure Visit
                                                           Training
4      Less coverage of area   Intensification of dry land Demonstration                 I, II &
       under dry land               horticulture crops     Exposure visit                   III
       horticulture
5      Marketing                Organized Marketing,        Demonstration                I, II &
                               value addition techniques    Exposure visit                  III
6      Glut in the market        Restriction of area of     Legislation                  I, II &
                                   horticulture crops                                       III
                                  through legislation
                               -Uncontrolled growth of      Legislation
                                 crops like tomato and
                                    others should be
                                        checked


    3. Sericulture
Sl.             Critical gap                 Strategic issue           Strategies       AESs
No
 1     Improper Maintenance of          Intensification of use of    Training         I, II , & III
       mulberry gardens                     compost making,          Demonstration
                                         pruning methods, Bio-       Exposure visit
                                       fertilizers usage, pest and
                                          disease management
2      Dominance of Traditional           Intensification of silk    Training         I, II , & III
       type of silk worm rearing       worms bring from chawki       Demonstration
                                              rearing centers        Exposure visit
                                       Separate rearing house ,      Resource
                                        Separate Mounting hall
                                         and adopting scientific
                                               management




                                                                                      407
4. ANIMAL HUSBANDRY
 Sl.       Critical gap                   Strategic issue                  Strategy                AESs
 No
1       Breeding:-
        A. Cows and Buffaloes            Inseminating animals     -Providing JR Semen            I, II, & III
        In cows - HF blood.           with recommended breed      (1 lakh straws / annum
        In Buffaloes - Non descript             semen.            -Providing bulk cryocans
        breeding                      i.e. Cows – HF/JR semen     (1 Cryocan / per taluk)
                                          Buffaloes –murrah /     -Providing Technical
                                               surthi AI          person for AI
                                                                  -Providing training
                                                                  programs for farmers
                                                                  regarding breed
                                                                  upgradation (20/Taluk)
                                                                  -Providing surthi and
                                                                  murrah Bulls 5 / Taluk
        B. SHEEP AND GOATS
        Indescript breeding and           BREEDING-               -Providing Bannur and          I, II, & III
        inbreeding                    Bannur and UAS Rams         UAS Rams
                                        and Deccani buck          (100 Rams / Taluk)
                                        Avoid inbreeding          -Providing Deccani bucks
                                                                  (10bBucks / Taluk)
                                                                  -Providing training
                                                                  Programs about breeding
                                                                  to framers. Field visit
                                                                  (20/ Taluk)
    2   Feed management               -To feed both cereals and   -Providing awareness           I, II, & III
                                         leguminous fodder        about nutritional
        Cows and                          - To feed balanced      requirement of the animal
                                                    feed.         and nutritional status of
        Buffaloes,                         With minerals and      various fodder and
                                                vitamins          feedstuffs by awareness
        Sheep and                                                 Programme and field visits
                                                                  20/ Taluk.
        goats                                                     -Providing seedling and
        Not feeding the Balanced                                  seed of leguminous plants
        fodder and feed                                           and drought resistant
                                                                  varieties fodder (100 k.g of
                                                                  Lucern, & fodder root slips
                                                                  of Rhodes & Signal /
                                                                  Taluk)




                                                                                             408
    3.                                     -Regular cent percent    -Providing Refrigerators to    I, II, & III
         -Health care                          vaccination          all veterinary dispensary
                                                                    i.e. 5/ Taluk
         and                              -Maintaining cold chain   -Awareness programmes
                                                 properly           about animal disease.
         management                                                 20/ Taluk
         Not following the                  -Should make good       -Providing vaccination
         Vaccination & Deworming               propaganda           schedule charts to all
         - Schedule strictly and T                                  farmers
                                          - Regular deworming       -Providing deworming
                                                                    material ie for cows,
                                                                    Buffalo, sheep and Goats
         Not fallowing Scientific          -Fallowing scientific    -Providing awareness           I, II, & III
         management                        management system        programs about scientific
                                                                    management and field
                                                                    visits
                                                                    -Providing Extension kits
                                                                    to all dispensaries i.e. 10/
                                                                    Taluk (Kits containing
                                                                    about 60 charts)
5. Fisheries
1        Less adoption of fish culture   Intensification of fish    Training                       I, II, & III
         in village ponds and small      culture                    Exposure visit
         tanks                                                      Demonstration
2        Monoculture practice is         Diversification from       Training                       I, II, & III
         common                          monoculture to poly        Exposure visit
                                         culture or composite       Demonstration
                                         culture
3        Less adoption of fresh water    Introduction and           Training                       I, II, & III
         prawn culture                   Intensification of fresh   Exposure visit
                                         water prawn culture        Demonstration




                                                                                               409
                                           C. Sustainability
                                            1. Agriculture
Sl.               Critical gap                   Strategic issue            Strategies         AESs
No
 1       Inadequate and use of low           Popularizing improved       Training            I, II, &III
         quality organic manure               method of composting       Demonstration
                                             and vermi composting        Exposure visit
    2    Less use and Inadequate            Creating awareness about     Training            I, II, &III
         availability of Bio fertilizers          importance of          Demonstration
                                                 Bio fertilizers &       Exposure visit
                                             increased production of     increased
                                                   Biofertilizers        production of
                                                                         Biofertilizers
    3.   Depletion of Soil fertility        Application of fertilizers   Demonstration       I, II, &III
         due to injudicious use of           based on soil testing       Exposure visit
         fertilizer                                  results             Soil Testing
                                                                         facilities
    4    Deficiency of Micro                  Application of Micro       Demonstration       I, II, &III
         nutrients                           nutrients on the basis of   Exposure visit
                                                  soil test results      Soil testing
                                                                         facilities
    5    Mono cropping system               Crop rotation and mixed      Training            I, II, &III
                                               cropping system           Demonstration
                                                                         Exposure visit
                                           2. Horticulture
 Sl               Critical gap                   Strategic issue           Strategies        AESS
.No
1.       Partial adoption of drip           Popularizing drip      Training               I, II, &III
         irrigation                         irrigation             Demonstration
                                                                   Exposure visit
2        Depletion of soil fertility        Popularizing of        Training               I, II, &III
                                            Integrated nutrient    Demonstration
                                            management             Exposure visit
3        Inadequate pest and disease        Popularizing IPM & IDM Training               I, II, &III
         control measure                                           Demonstration
                                                                   Exposure visit




                                                                                          410
D. Natural resource management
Sl. No.    Critical gap                    Strategic issue             Strategies           AESs
    1      Depletion of ground water       Rain water harvesting       Training              I, II, &III
                                           Rain harvesting structure   Demonstration
                                           / Measures Restriction on   Exposure visit
                                           number of Bore well         Policy
   2.      Soil erosion                    Soil conservation           Training                  I, II, &III
                                           measures                    Demonstration
                                                                       Exposure visit
   3.      Decreased storage capacity      De- silting of tanks.       Policies                  I, II, &III
           of tanks                        Soil & water                Training
                                           conservation measures       Demonstration
                                           Use of tank silt in INM     Exposure visit
                                           practices
   4.      Less vegetative courage         Increase area under         Creating                  I, II, &III
                                           forestry                    awareness
                                                                       Exposure visits

                             E. Financial sustainability
  Sl.                                Critical Gap                                   AESS
  No.
   1      Strengthening and upgrading rural banks                                 I, II, & III
   2      Creating marketing infrastructure                                       I, II, & III
   3      Introduction of seed village banks by giving revolving funds            I, II, & III
   4      Encouraging SHG groups Activities by providing revolving fund           I, II, & III
   5      Up liftment and promotion of rural artisans                             I, II, & III
   6      Cost sharing of demonstration                                           I, II, & III
   7      Services charges for infrastructure initially                           I, II, & III
   8      Charging token fee for visits                                           I, II, & III
   9      Charging services fee for I T services                                  I, II, & III
  10      Providing managing and technical assistence for production of           I, II, & III
          high value crop to the existing farmer organisations and Mahila
          mandals

  F. Farmers organizations
   Sl.                           Critical gap                                 AESs
   No.
    1     Organizing interest group on the basis of commodities for         I, II & III
          input supply, processing,, packing and marketing
    2     To providing I T Training to progressive Farmers                  I, II & III
          organsations
    3     To providing credit facilities to Farmers organsations for        I, II & III
          input management
    4     Technical and managerial Assistance of Existing Yuvaka /          I, II & III
          Mahila Mandals for extension activities
    5     Involving input supply agencies for providing technical           I, II & III
          Services on payment basis


                                                                                             411
                            H. Human Resources
Sl.                                                              Relevance to Different
                   Proposed extension strategy
No                                                                       AES
                                                                  1        2        3
1     Need based training programs for extension functionaries    Y       Y         Y
      of agriculture and line department NGOs, Input agencies,
      Para Technical staff etc
2     Exposure visit of public and private workers                Y        Y       Y
3     Developing audio visual aids for training and awareness     Y        Y       Y
      campaign
4     Specialized training courses for NGO‟s, Farmers and         Y        Y       Y
      farm women
5     Skill up gradation training for grass root level workers    Y        Y       Y




                                                                                       412
413
                         Critical Issues and Farmers proposed extension strategies

     SL.    Critical Issues:     Problems/Issues                   Strategies          Activities
     No
Horticulture
1.         Glut in Tomato        Excessive Production of Tomato    Restriction on    Formation of
           production            due to less pests and diseases    area under tomato commodity groups to
           during early          and availability of sufficient    crop              restrict on area under
           summer                irrigation facilities..                             tomato.
                                 Non availability of information   Creation of       Preparation of value
                                 on market intelligence            marketing         added products like
                                                                   information       Jam, Jelly, Pickles,
                                                                   system with       Sauce and Chutney.
                                                                   respect to demand
                                                                   and supply
                                 Lack of awareness regarding       Providing link    Creating awareness on
                                 Agro processing center            between           facilities available for
                                                                   commodity and     export potentialities for
                                                                   agro processing   value added products
                                                                   centers
           Non-existence of      Creation of export facility       Creating
           cold storage units.   through e-commerce.               awareness on
                                                                   agricultural
                                                                   marketing act.
                                 Establishment of cold storage     Construction of
                                 units.                            cold storage
                                                                   structures.
                                                                   Telecasting
                                                                   information on
                                                                   demand and
                                                                   supply details.



                                                                                                                 414
                                              Animal Husbandry
2.            Glut in milk      Non-Procurement of milk by            Create             Conducting training
              production        MPCS’s from producers                 awareness for      program for commodity
              during October-                                         preparation of     groups preparation of milk
              November                                                milk based value   based products.
              months of every                                         added products
              year
                                Milk production will be more due to Establishment of Exposure visit to milk based
                                heavy production of green fodder.   sales point for  products preparation center.
                                                                    value added
                                                                    products of
                                                                    milk.

                                Lack of awareness of preparation of   Formation of     Attractive package and
                                milk products                         commodity        quality material used for
                                                                      groups/SHGs      marketing of products
                                                                      for sale of milk
                                                                      & milk products.
                                Non-existence of cold storage
                                facilities.
     Horticulture
3.            Lack of marketing Non-existence of proper               Establishment of   Construction of market
              facility for Mango government market for Mango.         proper             structure for whole sale
              in Srinivasapur                                         government         market at taluk level.
              taluk, Kolar                                            market for
              District.                                               mango at taluk
                                                                      level.
                                Pre-harvest contract by traders       Fixation of        Formation of price fixation
                                                                      minimum price      committee for mango prior to
                                                                      for Mango.         season




                                                                                                                        415
                           Non-existence of transport facility   Creation of        Publicity regarding
                                                                 infrastructure     availability of marketing
                                                                 for storage.       facilities at village level
                                                                                    through commodity groups
                           Non-availability of ware houses.      Establishment of
                                                                 E-marketing
                                                                 system.
Fisheries:
4.     Non-availability    Inadequate seed rearing facilities    Enhancing          Encourage farmers owning
       of Quality Seeds:   viz. ponds, water bodies.             production of      farm ponds/storage ponds,
                                                                 quality seeds      to take up seed production
                                                                 both in            through net working and
                                                                 government &       institutional linkage.
                                                                 private farms.
                           Lesser rainfall, poor ground water    Production of      Improve the infrastructure
                           resource during summer.               advance finger     facilities of seed production
                                                                 lings and          farms.
                                                                 stunted carp
                                                                 seed.
                                                                                    Create awareness on natural
                                                                                    resource management
                                                                                    (Desilting, weed
                                                                                    management, water usage
                                                                                    /sharing with less conflicts)
                                                                                    Promote in situ to fish seed
                                                                                    rearing through pen culture.
                                                                                    Sensitize on use of
                                                                                    production enhancing inputs
                                                                                    viz manure and feeds.




                                                                                                                    416
                       Strategies for promoting FIG’s and Fo’s in Kolar
Sl.         Existing FIGs and FOs                    Proposed FIG’s & FO’s                     Strategy
No.
       a. 20 FO’s- Farmers welfare clubs 1. Following FIGs and CIGs are                 a. Users and producers
          existing in Kolar District. Out of proposed                                      are involved in forming
          which 16 FOs are actively               a. Grape growers assocn                  various assocns
          working                                 b. Mango growers assocn               b. Creating awareness
       b. 1392 MPCS are working -                 c. Cashew growers assocn                 programs and
          procurement of milk                     d. Popcorn growers (Contract             conducting trainings
       c. 32 NGOs involved in rural                  farming) assocn                       to these associations
          development        &    agricultural    e. Mulberry growers assocn            c. Appropriate outlets or
          activities                              f. Fruits and vegetable growers and      sale points will be
       d. About 6400 SHGs in Kolar                   export assocns- To be sponsored       created for marketing
          District.                                  by SAFAL                              the commodities
       -Thrift and micro financing is the         g. Fish farmers assocns under         d. Exposure visits to
      major activities with savings up to 40         storage tanks of tube wells           these FIGs and CIGs
                       crores                     h. “Jaimini” Organic farmers assocn
                                                  i. Vermi compost producers assocn
                                                     through SHGs
                                                  j. Organic Ragi growers assocn
                                                  k. Organic Red rice (Drill sown,
                                                     Dodda byra rice) growers assocn
                                                  l. Nursery men assocn
                                                  m. Ragi products producers assocn
                                               Above all “Progressive farmers
                                               Front”(Pragathi Sheela Raitara Vedike
                                               in each block)




                                                                                                               417
418
PROPOSED RESEARCH
    STRATEGIES




                    419
          9.0 Proposed Research Strategies

          9.1 Farmers Participatory on farm Research.

          Summary Statement of Proposed research Strategies of AES in Kolar District.

          A.     Agriculture

    Sl.         Participatory research Issues                Relevant to different AES
    No
                                                         AES-I       AES-II     AES-III
1          Confirmation trial on the practice of inter   Y           Y          Y
           cropping to red gram 8:2 m rows
           proportions in Ragi and also need to
           conform the practice of inter cropping
           with soybean in Ragi
2          Improvement in paddy varieties resist to      Y           Y          Y
           Blast and bacterian blight disease.
3.         Trail on use of Bio fertilizer in Ragi        Y           Y          Y
4          Improving Red gram variety resistant to       Y           Y          Y
           pod borer and evolving IPM practice.
5          Evolving ground nut varieties resistance                  Y          Y
           to Neck blast and IPM practices.
6.         Conformation trials of on Andhra kadri        -           Y          Y
           1&2 ground nut varieties and samrat
           varieties
7          Research needed on semi irrigated paddy       Y           Y          Y
           regarding more productive tillers/
           Earheads.
8          Development of a hybrid Maize to lerant       -           Y          Y
           the dowry mildew disease
9          ¸Suitable study is needed in adoption of      Y           Y          Y
           drip irrigation in paddy
10         Development of late sown varieties in         Y           Y          Y
           paddy during Oct/ Nov for more yield
11.        Suitable studies water infiltration rate by   Y           Y          Y
           taking water shed management practice
12         Studies on improving the cooking quality      Y           Y          Y
           of Hybrid paddy (Rice)
13         Confirmation research on growing of           Y           Y          Y
           eucalyptus in cultivable Land and its
           effects on Ground water




                                                                                          420
     B.         Horticulture.

          Sl.       Participatory research             Relevant to different AES
          No                Issues
                                                     AES-I        AES-II           AES-III
     1            Trial on use of Bio            Y               Y             -
                  fertilizers in vegetable
                  crops
     2            Use of Pheromone traps for     Y               -             Y
                  Control of fruits and shoot
                  borer in Brinzal
     3            Trial on use of micro          -               Y             Y
                  nutrient in Banana
     4            Conformation Research on       Y               Y             Y
                  excess use of fertilizers in
                  Tomato
     5            Economics feasibility in       Y               Y             Y
                  improved storage
                  techniques at field level in
                  Potato.
     6            Need more research in          Y               -             Y
                  method of in sowing onion
                  crop
     7            Evolving annual baring         Y               Y             Y
                  Mango varieties
     8.           Inter cropping in orchards     Y               Y             Y

C.   Animal Husbandry

          Sl.       Participatory research           Relevant to different AES
          No.               Issues
                                                  AES-I      AES-II        AES-III
     1.           Validation of TKS for          Y           Y             Y
                  Control crop pests and
                  Animal disease
     2.           Selection of ideal fodder      Y           Y             Y
                  varieties of crops for
                  animal production
     3.           Bio mass recycling for soil    Y           Y             Y
                  health maintenance




                                                                                             421
Proposed Research Strategies

 9.2 On station Research strategies from different AES in Kolar
     District.

 Sl.   Participatory research      Relevant to different AES
 No            Issues
                                   AES-I AES-II AES-III
1      Improvement in Paddy        Y     Y      Y
       varieties which are
       resistant to blast and
       bacterial blight disease
2.     Improvement of semi         Y       Y        Y
       irrigated paddy
       regarding more
       productive tillers/
       earheads
3.     Use of Bio fertilizers in   Y       Y        Y
       Off-season vegetables




                                                                  422
                                9.0 Proposed Research Strategies
                           9.1 Farmers Participatory of Farm research

  Sl.              Gap              Reasons for non adoption           Strategy               Activity
 No.
I        Agriculture
1       Non adoption of inter       Farmers are not adopting      Adoptive trials to  1. Conducting of
        cropping of Rage and        the technology i.e. wastage   convince and        FLD`s by KVK`s.
        Redgram (8:2) by farmers    of land in between paired     motivate the farmers2. Organizing field
                                    redgram rows.                                     days.
2       No suitable Paddy variety   Non availability of          To develop suitable Address the problem
        for late planting (Oct-Nov. varieties                    variety for late     to State Agriculture
        Months)                                                  planting             University.
3       Non adoption of             Farmers are not adopting     Adoptive trials to   1. Conducting FLD`s
        intercropping of Groundnut the technology i.e. waste of convince and          by KVK`s
        and Redgram (8:2) by        land in between paired       motivate these       2. Organizing field
        farmers.                    rows of Redgram.             farmers              days.
4       Multiplication of adoption Non availability of           Motivate the farmers 1. Multiplication of
        of mildew tolerant NAC -    sufficient quantity of seeds in multiplication of seeds on seed village
        6004 Composite Maize                                     Composite Maize      concept.
                                                                 seeds tolerant to    2. Higher price for the
                                                                 downy mildew         seed producers.




                                                                                                            423
5    Non availability of           Non availability of       Evaluation of late     Address the problem
     Groundnut variety for late    technology                sown varieties for     to State Agriculture
     sowing (Aug month)                                      Groundnut              University to conduct
                                                                                    research.

6.   Necrosis in Sunflower         Non availability of IPM   To develop IPM         Address the problem
                                   package for Sunflower     technology for         to State Agriculture
                                                             Necrosis in            University to conduct
                                                             Sunflower.             research.
II   Horticulture crop
1    Non adoption of               Methodology to control    To develop             Address the problem
     technology to control mites   mites is complex.         adoptable              to State Agriculture
     in Coconut                                              technology             University to conduct
                                                                                    research
2    Non adoption of               Technology is expensive   To develop suitable    Address the problem
     recommended practices for     Fast spread of disease    resistant varieties.   to State Agriculture
     bacterial wilt in Potato                                                       University to conduct
                                                                                    research




                                                                                                            424
                          Proposed Research Strategies

Sl. Crops           Critical gap                          Research strategies
No.
I.  Agriculture
1.  Ragi            a) Susceptible to blast               a) Screening of
                    b) Lodging problem                    cultivator for blast
                                                          resistant & lodging
2.   Maize          a) Downy of mildew problem            a) Popularizing NAC
                    b) Lack of suitable inter cropping    6004 the resistant
                    systems                               compost
3.   Popcorn        a) No certified seed is available     a) Screening of suitable
                    b) No high yielding variety is        high yielding variety &
                    available                             hybrid for popcorn
4.   Paddy          a) Suitable high yielding variety     a) Screening suitable
                    for late planting (Tank Achkut for    varieties for late
                    Sep-Oct.)                             planting
                    b) Blast & sheath blight problems     b) Resistant varieties
                    in paddy                              required
                    c) Suitable varieties for SIP         c) Screening of local &
                    (Aerobic rice) and also               deep rooted rice
                    Micronutrient deficiency problem      varieties hybrids
                    (Zinc & Iron)                         suitable for SIP.
                                                          Also INM studies in
                                                          cases of micronutrient
                                                          management
5.   Groundnut      a) Lack of suitable high yielding     Screening of suitable
                    variety & leaf minor & Tikka          varieties
                    tolerant varieties suitable to late
                    sown conditions
6.   Pigeon pea     a) Medium duration varieties for      a) Suitable varieties to
                    late sowing (July-August)             be developed
                    b) Pod borer & Sterility mosaic       b) Resistant varieties to
                    virus in pigeon pea                   be evolved
7.   Avare          a) No suitable high yielding          Suitable varieties with
     (Field bean)   variety with aroma and local avare    aroma may be identified
                    as farmers are preferring local
                    varieties instead of improved
                    varieties (HA3 & HA4)
8.   Horesgram      PHG-9 is low yelding and              Suitable high yielding &
                    susceptible to powdery mildew         powdey mildew tolerant
                                                          variety to be identified

                                                                                425
SERICULTURE



Sl.                  Problems                             Strategies
No.
1.  Mulberry varieties for irrigated system     Drought resistant high yielding
                                                varieties is to be evolved
2.   Diseases of mulberry Tukra, Powdery –      Disease resistant varieties of
     Mildew le3af spot                          mulberry is to be evolved
3.   Diseases susceptibility by Bivotine race   Seasonal & regional disease
                                                resistant bivotine silkworm
                                                race is to be evolved
4.   Disease control of silkworm                Quality disinfectants at
                                                affordable prices to be made
                                                available
5.   Low reliability of cocoons during winter   Silkworm race capable of with
                                                standing at high humidity
                                                during spinning to be evolved
                                                or methods to increase
                                                reelability of cocoons with
                                                existing races.




                                                                           426
Horticulture

 Sl.                               Problems                                      Strategies
 No.
     Mango (48,000 hacters – highest in India)
1.         Except Bangalora variety no other variety is                 Identify suitable variety for
           suitable pulp industry                                       pulp industry
2.         Export oriented high quality cultivars /                     Identify suitable variety /
           hybrids are required                                         hybrids for export
Cashew
1.         Tea mosquito and powdery mildew problem                      Popularizing the
           in cashew                                                    recommended technologies
                                                                        through on farm testing
                                                                        and demonstration
Tamarind
1.    Fruit fly problem in tamarind                                     Suitable center measuring
                                                                        to be evolved
Tomato (6000-8000 ha all round the year result in glut of production)
1.         Poor keeping quality and withstand transit                   Evolve suitable hybrids /
           loss hybrid and lacking                                      varieties
2.         Leaf curl resistant varieties required                       Suitable resistant hybrid
                                                                        requested
Cole crops
1.         Residual content of pesticides in vegetables                 IPM technologies to be
           is very high due to spraying (25-30)                         finalize & strengthen and
                                                                        screening bio-pesticide for
                                                                        effective control of pest
                                                                        and diseases in cole crop
Coconut an oil seed also
1.         Mites infestation has resulted in set back for Suitable technologies to
           coconut production                             developed for control of
                                                          mites
2.         Nephantis and sudden wilting of healthy        Suitable and effective
           palms                                          control measures to be
                                                          developed




                                                                                                 427
                              ANIMAL HUSBANDRY

 Sl.                   Critical gap                            Strategies
 No.
Dairying
1.         Intensive mastitis in dairy cow       Preventive and thearuptic measures
                                                 for control mastitis required
2.         Infertility problems in dairy animals Identification of Etiological factors
           (anemia, deficiency of micro and      causing infertility in dairy animals
           macronutrients etc.                   Nutritional strategies to be evolved
3.         Menace of ecto & endo parasitism      Evaluation and upgradation of
                                                 suitable measures for control of
                                                 parasitism
Sheep & Goats
1.         Blue tongue disease in sheep           Evaluation of suitable and
                                                  providing vaccine for control of
                                                  blue tongue disease
2.         Seasonal worm infestation in sheep     Epidemiological research survey
                                                  for parasitism
Piggery
1.         Piglet mortality                       Identification of piglet mortality
                                                  syndrome




                                                                                       428
NATURAL RESOURCE
   MANGEMENT




                   429
430
                                         NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT



 Sl.                   Critical gap                             Strategies                    Activities
 No.
I      Depletion of water table – burning problem of Kolar
a.     Scanty & erratic rainfall               Creation of perennial source of water &   Create awareness
                                               Rain water harvesting
b.     More than 1.56 lake bore wells          Soil & Water conservation practices on    Demonstration
       (Highest in the Country)                holistic approach of watershed
                                               management
c.     81% of the Irrigation is dependent on   Convert all the dried up open wells as    Training programme
       bore wells                              recharge wells
d.     Tube well depth has gone behind         Desalting of Tanks improves under         Exposure visit
       1000ft                                  grand water taste
e.     Quantity of the irrigation water & poor Afforestation of Nonaerable lands         Legislation
       (fluride content is very high)
f.     Shortage of power                       Stop Indiscriminate during of bore well
g.     High Investment and more fish also life Efficient water use management
       of bore well is not assured             practices 100% surely to sprinkles &
                                               drip
II.    Soil Erosion
a.     Loss of fertile soil                    Soil & Water conservation measures on     Demonstration
                                               watershed basis
b.     Situation of tanks there reduce their   Micro level planning                      Training
       storage
c.     Capacities                              Catch crops & Cover crop plants with      Exposure visit


                                                                                                              431
                                             mulch
d.    Nutrient loss & reduced crop           Improving organic matter content of soil
      productivity
e.    Reduced crop productivity intensely
III   Decreased storage capacity of tanks (4028 Tanks In Kolar - Highest in Country)
a.    Cropped area under atchkut is reduced Desiltation of tanks -JSYS is taking up    Policies
                                             about 1024 tanks in Kolar district for
                                             overall development of tanks through
                                             peoples participation
b.    Tail enders suffer for search of water Catchment area treatment as watershed     Training
                                             basis
c.    Productivity of crops reduced          Tank foreshore plantation                 Demarks
d.    Tank siltation, poor infiltration rate Feeder channels & waterways repair &      Exposure visit
      resulting reduced ground water level   maintenance
e.    Pisciculture activity reduced          Promote Biomass / Vegetative cover
f.    Drinking water problem to cattle       People participation in overall
                                             management
g.                                           Semi irrigated / highest irrigated crops
                                             table grown in command area in Kolar
                                             district “SIP” method of Paddy culture is
                                             proved to be accepted practices




                                                                                                        432
BASE LINE DATA



                 433
        Important Agricultural Statistics of Kolar District for the Year 2004-05
BASE LINE DATA IN RESPECT OF INTERVENTIONS LIKELY TO BE CARRIED OUT BY PIAs (INDICATIVE)

Sl.   Sector       Base line data      Achievement by the end of      Intervention
No.                                    project period
                   Area Productivity   Area (ha)      Productivit
                   (ha) (tons / ha)                   y (tons / ha)
I     AGRICULTURE / HORTICULTURE
1     Productivity
      improvements
      Paddy        9000 2.716          5000            4.5            Popularization of aerobic method of paddy
                                                                      cultivation
      Maize        24366    2.97       30000           4.0            Growing of WUE crops like sunflower in
                                                                      arable cultivation
      Ragi         102745 1.94         90000           3.0            Ragi is not remunerative crop than other crop
                                                                      like Sunflower Groundnut
      Redgram      6045     1.20       15000           1.5            Introduction high yield medium duration
                                                                      redgram varieties
      Groundnut    50265    0.81       56000           1.5            Increase area under oil seeds crops
      Sunflower    2000     0.85       3500            1.5            Popularization of HYVs by conducting training
                                                                      programmes, demonstrations
                                                                      In scarcity situation adopted alternate furrow
                                                                      irrigation practices
      Potato       5620     19.86      8560            25.0           Supply of certified good quality seed material
                                                                      Cold storage facilities for potato
      Tomato       7532     35.70      12500           50.0           High yielding pest and disease resistant
                                                                      varieties to be developed.
                                                                      Processing of tomato to be encouraged
      Mango        40972    25.00      55000           30.0           Mango varieties of Biennial bearing and
                                                                      sponge like of alphanso mango to evolved
                                                                      Awareness regarding mango orchard
                                                                      management.
                                                                      For all horticultural crops value addition,
                                                                      processing and marketing production to be
                                                                      established

                                                                                                            434
Sl.   Sector                   Base line data                   Achievement by the end of project        Interventions
No                                                              period
                               Mono cropping of Ragi            Mixed cropping with pulses            Ragi + redgram (8:2)
                                                                                                      Ragi + Avare (8:1)
                               In Dry land area under           Eucalyptus can be replaced with Through training programmes
2     Diversification –        annual      crops     shifting   cashew Mango, Bio fuel plants like, demonstrations and through
      current area under       towards      eucalyptus     &    Jatropa, Pongamia, Neem Seemarooba mass media
      crops / plantation       Cusurina                         etc.
                               Excess area under tomato         Replace the tomato area with other Restricting the tomato area
                               leading to glut                  vegetables like carrot, Brinjal, through legislation
                                                                capsicum, Ladies finger, Beens
                               Mono cropping of Tomato          Crop rotation with non solanaceous    Conducting field
                                                                crops like Beans, colecrop, cucurbits demonstrations and training
                                                                and root crops                        programmes
3     Area expansion in HYVs, crop wise
      Paddy                   80% of the paddy area under       Introduction of HYVs / hybrids where     Popularization of HYVs /
                              HYVs                              low yielding varieties is being grown.   hybrids of paddy, through
                                                                                                         training programme
                                                                                                         demonstrations, field visits &
                                                                                                         mass media
      Ragi                     80% of all farmers are           Introduction of high yielding blast      HYVs GPU-28, GPU-48, MR-
                               adopting HYVs                    tolerant varieties                       1, L-5
      Redgram                  30% of the farmers are           Introduction of high yielding dual       Introduction HYVs like BRG-
                               adopting HYVs                    purpose (Dal & vegetable) medium         1, BGR-2 ICPL-7035
                                                                duration varieties
      Horsegram                10% of the farmers are           Introduction of high yielding powdery    PHG-9
                               adopting HYVs                    mildew tolerant varieties
      Mango                    Planted with poor quality        Growing of HYVs / hybrids Mango          Rejuvenation of old plantations
                               mango varieties                                                           should replace with high
                                                                                                         yielding varieties




                                                                                                                               435
4   Incremental increase in   106% is the cropping           Increasing the cropping intensity by   Growing of higher WUE crops
    the cropping intensity    intensity                      140%                                   like sunflower & vegetables
    current level                                                                                   Adopting Soil & water
                                                                                                    conservation measures like
                                                                                                    mulching, Insitu moisture
                                                                                                    conservation etc.
                                                                                                    Through community interest
                                                                                                    groups
                                                                                                    Adopting organic farming
                                                                                                    practices
                                                                                                    Increase area under rabi
                                                                                                    seasonal horticultural crops(
                                                                                                    cole crops, potato, carrot)
5   Improvements in seed
    replacement        ratio
    (SRR) – cropwise SRR
        1) Ragi                            6.53                                30
        2) Paddy                           100                                100                       Conducting
        3) Groundnut                        7.5                                20                   Training                 programmes,
        4) Redgram                         16.9                                40                              Demonstrations and
        5) Maize                           100                                100                       Field visits
        6) Cowpea                          4.42                                30
        7) Sunflower                       100                                100
6   Use of IPM /             IPM            Area     No.     Area (ha)           No. farmers
    incremental increase in on              (ha)     farmers
    area under IPM
                             Redgram       200       550     6000                7500               Training programmes, skill
                                                                                                    demonstration and field visits
                             vegetables    500       900     18000               12000              Training programmes, skill
                             (tomato,                                                               demonstration and field visits
                             brinjal,
                             potato etc)
7   Use of INM / incremental Paddy         3500      7000    8000                12000              Training programmes, skill
    increase in area                                                                                demonstration and field visits
                             Ragi          50000 175000 98000                    300000             Training programmes, skill
                                                                                                    demonstration and field visits


                                                                                                                               436
                             Maize       8000   9500    16000      18000   Training programmes, skill
                                                                           demonstration and field visits
                             Sunflower   1500   2500    5000       8000    Training programmes, skill
                                                                           demonstration and field visits
                             Groundnut   20000 15000    30000      22000   Training programmes, skill
                                                                           demonstration and field visits
                             Redgram     1500   2500    3000       5000    Training programmes, skill
                                                                           demonstration and field visits
                             Tomato      8000   5000    10000      6000    Training programmes, skill
                                                                           demonstration and field visits
                             Potato      5000   4000    6000       4500    Training programmes, skill
                                                                           demonstration and field visits
                             Mango       10000 2500     30000      8000    Training programmes, skill
                                                                           demonstration and field visits
8   Water use efficiency    Tomato       1000   12000   6000       50000   To provided drip irrigation
    through micro                                                          facilities at subsided rates and
    irrigation scheme (MIS)                                                through demonstration,
                                                                           training programmes
                             Potato      500    600     3000       6000    - do -
                             Grapes      800    600     1400       800     - do -
                             Coconut     200    300     500        700     - do -
9   Organic farming - area in ha.
    Field crops                          1000                   5000       Conducting             training
                                                                           programmes                 skill
                                                                           demonstrations and field visits.
    Horticulture       and               5000                   10000       Increasing the sources of
    vegetable                                                              organic manures by adopting
                                                                           improved       method         of
                                                                           composting       like vermin
                                                                           compost VAT system, and
                                                                           entroduction of green manure
                                                                           crops like sunhemp, diancha,
                                                                           cowpea, stylo and other tree
                                                                           species




                                                                                                   437
Mango/ cahew/ coconut/   20000   620000    Providing subsidy to green
banana                                    manure crop seeds and
                                          composting methods etc




                                                             438
10   Use of farm Mechanization
     Iron ploughs (Bullock       25000ha.   75000ha.
     drawn)
     Iron ploughs (Tractor       95000ha.   150000ha
     drawn)                                               Awareness creation,
     Seed drill                   5000ha    40000ha       custom hire services,
     Seed - cum -fertilizer       1000ha     3000ha       subsidized supply of
     drill                                                equipments, method
      Multifurrow                10000ha    100000ha         demonstration.
     opener(Bullock )                                  (During recent years there
     Multifurrow                 100000ha   200000ha   is decline in manpower in
     opener(Tractor )                                   Kolar district and hence
     Power tiller                70000ha    150000ha    more emphaisis has been
     Pudler                        700ha       900ha          given to farm
     Cultivator                  50000ha    100000ha         mechanization)
     Leveller(bullock)            3000ha      6000ha
     Leveller(Tractor)           20000ha     35000ha
     Disc ploughs                35000ha     60000ha




                                                                         439
II       Soil and water management( Ground water recharging)
      Farm ponds (Nos.)                 1160                    5000        Through awareness,
                                                                            exposure visits,
                                                                            demonstrations,
      Earthen Nala bunds                   840                  1500         training programmes, and
                                                                            through mass media.,
                                                                            community approach.
      Gabion structures                     0                   500


      In situ moisture                   4500ha                10000ha
      conservation

      Mulching -area                      255ha                20000ha      To be taken up especially
                                                                            in horticulture plantations
                                                                            by growing green manure
                                                                            crops
      Land reclamation - area             125ha                 500ha       Through         awareness,
                                                                            exposure             visits,
                                                                            demonstrations
III       Animal Husbandry
      Upgradation of breeds     Local cows: 228717             300000    Improvement            through
      through AI services and   Upgraded                                 veterinary     and      animal
      Introduction of new       cows:       238143             400000    husbandry services
      breeds- cattlewise Nos.   Buffaloes: 123919              200000
                                Draught
                                animals:   466864              500000
      Animal health care-                   22 .                 110     a) Availability and Supply of
      No. of camps                                                       good quality semen
                                                                         b) Estrus synchronization
                                                                         c) Estrus detection
                                                                         d)     Regular      /   Timely
                                                                         vaccinations
                                                                         FMD/HS/BQ/Theileriais




                                                                                               440
     Animal Nutrition -Status                                       Balanced feeding (High protein
     Quality feed and fodder               Poor            Good     diets)
     free from P.P. reidues                                          Mineral mixture
     /aflotoxins                                                     Regular deworming
      Quality feed and fodder              Poor            Good     Good quality and high yielding
     free from P.P. reidues                                         fodder varieties
     /Aflatoxins                                                    Training programmes/ Audio
     -Innovation carried out                                        visual media/Field visits
     Introduction of new
     enterprises

     1.Poultry (in Nos)                  1627426             -      Backyard Poultry
                                                                    -Regular deworming and High
                                                                    protein diet
     2.Piggery (in Nos)                   15324           30000.    Control of ecto and endo
                                                                    parasites
                                                                    Regular vaccination schedule
     3.Goat (in Nos)                      203374          350000    Regular deworming
                                                                    Vaccination             against
                                                                    ET/PPR/FMD/Blue tongue
                                                                    High protein diet and M.M.
     4. Sheep (in Nos)                    628683.         1000000


IV   Fisheries
     Production technology
     for                        Total area: 48000ha                 Quality seed supply of
         Fresh water fish –                                         appropriate
         area                      Production: 5000 MT.   7500MT.
                                                                    variety/species/size / Nos.
         Fresh water prawn-
         area in quality                     -               -      Use      of      production
                                                                    enhancing inputs viz-
        Brakish water shrimp                                        manure and supplementary
        – area in quality                        -           -      feeds.-
     Disease management                      -               -                      -



                                                                                          441
VII       Sericulture
       Area expansion under Area : 24000 ha                             40000 ha.                 1) Supply of V1 saplings of
       improved varieties of                                                                      mulberry through SHG`s
       mulberry – area in ha. Production of                                                       2) Drip irrigation
                              cocoon: 21240 MT.                        50000 MT.                  3) Increasing rearing bivoltine
                                                                                                  races.
                                                                                                  Training, demonstrations,
                                                                                                  exposure visits to bi voltine
                                                                                                  rearers..
       Introduction of races of     Dominance of CSR -2X4   Popularizing the high yielding race       Increasing rearing bivoltine
       silk worm – Nos.                                                                                     and other races.
       ERI silk area in ha.                   -                              -                                       -
       Linkage with textile and               -                              -                           To create linkage with
       trade - efforts                                                                                 Karnataka Silk Industries
                                                                                                               Corporation
VIII   Other activities
       Apiculture                      200 Bee colonies             800 Bee colonies                 Training and demonstration
       Mushroom – current                     -                        100 units                     Training / exposure visits,
       production                                                                                    marketing facilities
       Lac culture – area in                  -                              -                       -
       quantity
       Vermi      compost   /             1200 units                    5800 units                Training / exposure visits
       NADEP/ quantity                                                                            (Under Tank command area)
       Green manure – area in               63 ha.                       5000 ha.                 Training and demonstration
       ha.                                                                                        and        Facilitating    seed
                                                                                                  availability
       Production       of   bio-          3 units                        5 units                     Through SHG`s
       fertilizers, azola, PSB –
       quantity




                                                                                                                         442
IX       Marketing
     1) Market Survey on demand
     and consumer preference –                                                                           Identify commodities to be
     name and No. of studies                                                                             marketed in APMC
     2) Identification of place for                                                                         Identify           appropriate
     establishment of APMC at                   1                              1                         marketing structure, and place
     taluk level.                                                                                        for market. of            tomato
     3) Glut in Tomato production                                                                        .Processing of tomato products.
     4)Export potential for Mango                                              3                            For      identification     of
     5) Milk based value added                 Nil                                                       appropriate mango varieties
     products at village levels.                                                                         suitable for export purpose.
                                                                                                            Processing      of      mango
                                               Nil                             2                         products. Preparation and
                                                                                                         marketing of value added
                                                Nil                            2                         products of milk
     Production         promotion                                                                            Production and promotion
     campaign – Nos.                            4                              4                             of value added products
     Milk products                                                                                           Production and promotion
     Mango products                             1                              5                             of mango products, juice,
                                                                                                             jam, jelly
X    Post Harvest Management
     Pest management in storage - Food     grains:   Pest Construction of pakka koties                      a) Training
     name of commodities and rodents                      Improvement method of storage practice            b) Incentives through save
     pest                         Potato : Tuber moth     organized through PHT of UAS Bangalore            grain campaign
                                                                                                            a) Training
                                                                                                            b) Demonstrations
     Post harvest treatment –         Mango : Nil        Post harvest units/processing units : 5 units   Linkage between Financing
     washing, grading, waxing,                           Post harvest units/processing units :15 units   and Farmers organizations
     cooling, and packaging etc. –
     commodity wise facilities                                                                           Linkage between Financing
     created.                         Tomato: Nil                                                        and Farmers organisations
     Value added products – name      Tomato : Nil       Ketchup, chutney ,pickle                           Through SHG`s
     of product and quantity          Mango : Nil        Pulp making, concentrated drinks, pickles          Through SHG`s
                                      Milk: Nil          Khova, ghee making, chees, paneer                  Through SHG`s
                                      Ragi : Ragi malt   Ragi malt, pappad, noodles,snacks,                 Through SHG`s


                                                                                                                                 443
VISION FOR KOLAR
     DISTRICT


                   444
                               VISION FOR KOLAR DISTRICT
 Sl.           Sector            Base Line     Interventions                                     Projections
 No                             2003-2004                                                       after 5 years
                                 (Normal)                                                          (2010)
I.     Agriculture              19.45 q /    1.Use of HYV, drought resistant and blast tolerant 30.0Q / ha
       1. Ragi-Productivity     ha           varieties
                                             2.Integrated nutrient management
       2. Maize-Productivity    2.974           1. Use of Private and public hybrids.           4.0 MT/ha
                                MT/ha           2. Use of organic manures & fertilizers as per
                                                    recommendation.
                                                3. Use of micro nutrients(ZnSO4)
                                                4. Controlling Downey mildew
             3. Popcorn                         1. Use of notified and high yielding varieties/
       -Area extension          2840 ha             hybrids                                     5000 ha
       -Contract farming        560 ha          2. bringing more area under contract farming    1000 ha
                                                3. Tailoring improved agronomic practices
                                                    (Spacing & fertilizers)
       4. Paddy                                 a. Divert Paddy area to semi irrigated crops /
          -Reducing the area                         light irrigated crops
          under paddy           9000 ha         b. Banning paddy and sugar cane under bore 5000 ha
          cultivation                                wells-a policy matter. But awareness       (30% area
          (Particularly under                        programs also required                     reduced)
          borewells)                            c. Supply of 2 kgs good seed along with
          -Increasing area                           technology to the farmers of Kolar. We can
          under SIP – Semi-     1100 ha              achieve good progress in SIP cultivation.  4250 ha
          irrigated Paady                       d. Control of pests and diseases                (80% area
          (Areobic method of                                                                    under SIP)
          cultivation)          27.16 q /
          -Increasing           ha
                                                                                                       445
productivity   45.0 q /ha




                      446
     5. Ground Nut-           8.14 q/ha    a. Use of HYV                                  15.0 q/ha
     Productivity                          b. Integrated nutrient management
                                           c. Controlling Tikka, leaf minor and Bud
                                              necrosis
                                           d. Adopting raised bed and polythene mulch
     6. Sunflower-Problem     8.5 q/ha     a. Use of hybrids                              15.0 q/ha
     of lowest productivity                b. Controlling Bud Necrosis
     in Kolar                              c. Increasing area under irrigation
                                           d. Application of large quantity of organic
                                              manures
     7. Pigeon Pea                         a. Area to be increased under pancha
     -Area Expansion          6045 ha         dhanya(Inter/mixed cropping)                15000 ha
     -Productivity            6.70q / ha   b. Effective PP measures and adoption of IPM   12.0 q /ha
                                              techniques
     8. Field Bean (avare)    5.0 q /ha    a. Improved packages of practice for local     8.0 q/ha
     Productivity                             aware cultivation
                                           b. Better PP measures
                                           c. Encourage green pods for sale in market
II   Sericulture
         1. Mulberry
     -Area expansion (ha)     24000        1.   Use of V-1, S-36 varieties                40000
     -Cocoon Production       21240        2.   Drip irrigation                           50000
     (MT)                     3.0 lakh     3.   Organic Farming – More emphasis           5.0 lakh man
     2. Employment            mandays      4.   Use of Bivoltine Strain                   days
     generation               240 crores   5.   Shoot method of rearing                   400 crores
     3. Income from silk                   6.   Production of good quality cocoons
     industry                              7.   Higher price of cocoons




                                                                                                 447
III   Animal Husbandry                         a. Improve conception rate of animals through   Per capita
      1. Poor per capita Milk                     training farmers training tech persons       milk
      production in Dairy       5 ltr /           improving AI infrastructure                  production