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					Slovenian Economic Mirror, December 2008        27
                  Current Economic Trends




                                       selected topics
                                                                    Slovenian Economic Mirror, December 2008          29
                                                                                                Selected Topics




Regions 2008 – selected socio-economic                          are slightly increasing. In 2005, regional disparities as
                                                                measured by the coefficient of variation increased by 4.3
indicators by region                                            p.p. compared with 2000, and by 0.4 p.p. compared with
                                                                2004. The ratio between the best and the worst perform-
A new working paper under the title Regions 2008 – Selected     ing regions increased from 1.9:1 to 2.2:1 in the period
Socio-Economic Indicators was published at the end of           from 2000 to 2005. These disparities are still moderate,
December. It analyses various topics (e.g. population,          compared with regional disparities within the EU Mem-
unemployment, employment, etc.) by statistical region.          ber States. The EU countries also saw great disparities
The basic conclusion of this year’s analysis by various         between the best and the worst performing regions in
socio-economic indicators is that regions have not              2000–2005, largely as a result of faster growth of GDP per
changed significantly over the past two years. Most             capita in their capitals, as was also the case in Slovenia.
indicators continue to show the best results in the
Osrednjeslovenska region, partly as a consequence of the
                                                                Regional disparities are still highest in terms of
method of collecting certain statistical data (the principle
                                                                unemployment, even though the absolute number of
of residence), and partly due to the concentration of
                                                                the unemployed and the unemployment rate have been
economic and administrative activities in Ljubljana and
                                                                declining for a number of years. In 2000–2007, the
thus in the Osrednjeslovenska region.
                                                                registered unemployment rate dropped in all regions,
                                                                most notably in the Podravska region (by 7.7 p.p.). The
The number of people is increasing particularly in the
                                                                above-average unemployment rates were nevertheless
western Slovenian regions, while the population is still most
                                                                recorded in the same regions as in the previous years. In
concentrated in the Osrednjeslovenska region, home to a
                                                                2007, the highest registered unemployment rate (13.4%)
quarter of all Slovenians. In the period between 1997 and
                                                                was recorded in the Pomurska region, which has had
2005, population growth in Slovenia was entirely due to
                                                                the highest registered unemployment rate since 2002
immigration from abroad. In 2006 and 2007, the natural
                                                                (before 2002, the highest registered unemployment
increase was positive as well, but too small to make a
                                                                rate was posted by the Podravska region). In 2000, the
significant contribution to total population growth.
                                                                Pomurska region exceeded the Slovenian average by
In 2007, the greatest natural increase was recorded in
                                                                more than a half and by as much as three quarters in
the Osrednjeslovenska region; the natural increase in
                                                                2007. Above-average registered unemployment rates
the Gorenjska region was also high. All regions posted
                                                                were also posted in the Podravska, Zasavska, Savinjska,
a positive net migration. The age structure of the
                                                                Spodnjeposavska and Koroška regions (except for the
population in regions is changing. The proportion of
                                                                Koroška region, all these regions posted above-average
elderly people (65 years and over) is rising while the
                                                                registered unemployment rates also in 2000). In 2007, the
share of young people (aged 0–14) is shrinking due to
                                                                Goriška region (4.9%) was again among the regions with
the declining natural increase and lower mortality rates.
                                                                the lowest registered unemployment rates, along with
In 2007, the elderly outnumbered the youth in all regions,
                                                                the Gorenjska region with an even slightly lower rate. The
most notably in the Obalno-kraška region (the population
                                                                Pomurska region recorded a 2.8 times higher registered
ageing index 146). Rapid ageing of the population was
                                                                unemployment rate than the best two (
				
DOCUMENT INFO
Description: A new working paper under the title Regions 2008 -- Selected Socio-Economic Indicators was published at the end of December. It analyses various topics by statistical region. The basic conclusion of this year's analysis by various socio-economic indicators is that regions have not changed significantly over the past two years. The number of people is increasing particularly in the western Slovenian regions, while the population is still most concentrated in the Osrednjeslovenska region, home to a quarter of all Slovenians. The population's education level increased on average, relative to 2004. Since last year, the movement of prices in the housing market can be monitored in three different ways based on three different publicly accessible statistical sources. All three sources confirm that the housing price rise decelerated significantly in the past year. According to the WEF report, Slovenia improved the value of the aggregate competitiveness index only marginally (by 0.02 points to 4.5) after a decline in 2007.
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