Compliance Obstacles by ProQuest


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									                                                                                            EMISSIONS COMPLIANCE

Compliance                                                                                              By Jody Lonergan,
                                                                                                    manager, corporate GSE,
                                                                                                       Continental Airlines

How can fleet operators make it happen?

         s the industry closes in on compliance deadlines        the strategy to comply is as unique as each operator them-

A        for a variety of rules and regulations, there are few
         options. We are all familiar with the ongoing focus
                                                                 selves. How each group and organization will reach the
                                                                 goals set forth will vary by many factors within the styles
on the electrification of GSE, however, not everything within    of services they offer. Regardless of the operating mar-
the operating environment of a thriving air carrier, cargo       ket, one portion is consistent — the equipment needed.
transporter, ground handling provider or catering company        Whether it is gas, diesel, propane or electric; whether it is
can be converted. This leaves us all wondering: How can          to push back an aircraft, load cargo, move freight in a ware-
we comply with rules in the most cost-effective manner           house, or support a catering operation, the same types of
while not impeding our operational demands?                      equipment are needed across the board.
                                                                      The major contributors of emissions in GSE are NOx
MANY REGULATIONS, FEW SOLUTIONS                                  and PMs, especially in the older units and larger heavy
     Between the many rules now in effect in the state of        side of the operation, such as pushback tractors, container
California (PERP, LSI, LSI - FL and ORD pending), and in an      loaders, ground power units, air conditioners, heavy duty
effort to maintain compliance for previous rules and volun-      forklifts, catering vehicles, etc. While a few OEMs have
tary memorandums of understanding (MOUs), as well as             attempted to create or convert some of these types to
the interim goals set by independent airport port authori-       electrics, none have truly been in a long standing operating
ties, the means for achieving all goals and deadlines is         environment to determine if they will be successful. This
increasingly more difficult. For global carriers and operators   leaves the operating teams looking to the newer, cleaner


burning gas and diesel engines for compliance. The two                                 As operators, the struggles for compliance
biggest challenges are available cash flow and production                                go well beyond our means of control.
and availability of the new 
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