The WHO UNESCO FIP Pharmacy Education Taskforce: Enabling Concerted and Collective Global Action by ProQuest


More Info
									                 American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education 2008; 72 (6) Article 127.

The WHO UNESCO FIP Pharmacy Education Taskforce: Enabling
Concerted and Collective Global Action
Claire Anderson, PhD,a Ian Bates, MSc,b Diane Beck, Pharm D,c Tina Brock, EdD,d Billy Futter, MComm,e
Hugo Mercer, PhD,f Mike Rouse, BPharm,g Tana Wuliji, BPharm,h and Akemi Yonemura, EdDi
  School of Pharmacy, University of Nottingham, United Kingdom
  School of Pharmacy, University of London, United Kingdom
  College of Pharmacy, University of Florida
  Management Sciences for Health, United States
  Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa
  Human Resources for Health Department, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
  Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education, United States
  International Pharmaceutical Federation, Den Haag, The Netherlands
  Division of Higher Education, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Paris, France
Submitted January 31, 2008; accepted June 16, 2008; published December 15, 2008.
        Keywords: international pharmaceutical education

    Pharmacy Education is a priority area for the Interna-       Health Organization (WHO); and (2) established the
tional Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP), the global feder-        Global Pharmacy Education Taskforce to serve as the
ation representing pharmacists and pharmaceutical                coordinating body of these efforts. The initial effort will
scientists worldwide that is spearheading the Global Phar-       serve to leverage strategic leadership and maximize the
macy Education Taskforce. This paper describes the work          impact of collective actions at global, regional, and na-
of the Taskforce that was established in March 2008,             tional levels. Three project teams have been convened to
explores key issues in pharmacy education development,           conduct research, consultations and develop guidance in
and describes the Global Pharmacy Action Plan 2008-              the domains of vision for pharmacy education, compe-
2010.                                                            tency, quality assurance, academic workforce, and insti-
    Given the significance of pharmacy education to the          tutional capacity.
diverse practice of contemporary pharmacists and phar-
macy support personnel, there is a need for pharmacy             BACKGROUND
education to attain greater visibility on the global human            Pharmacists in many countries are too few in number
resources for health agenda. From this perspective, FIP is       and trained at a critically insufficient scale.1 WHO esti-
steering the development of holistic and comprehensive           mates a current shortage of more than 4 million health
pharmacy education and pharmacy workforce action to              care workers.2 Fifty-seven countries fall below the WHO
support and strengthen regional, national, and local             threshold of 2.5 health care professionals per 1000 pop-
efforts.                                                         ulation, which has a negative effect on health outcomes
    The role of a global organization such as FIP is to          and forms a barrier to achieving the Millennium Devel-
facilitate, catalyze, and share efforts to maximize phar-        opment Goals. While much of the evidence relates to
macy education development and stimulate international           physicians, nurses, and midwives, it is widely recognized
research to develop guidance, tools, and better under-           that unless human resource shortages and imbalances are
standing of key issues. To achieve this goal, FIP has (1)        tackled in the pharmacy workforce as well, any attempts
established a formal collaborative partnership with the          to improve health systems and access to and appropriate
2 United Nations agencies representing the education             use of medicines will be undermined.3 There are marked
and health sectors, United Nations Educational, Scientific       imbalances in the distribution of the pharmacy workforce
and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the 
To top