1568 Dec. 18 / Administration of George W. Bush, 2008
of the first applicable pay period beginning (2) The functions of the President in rela-
on or after January 1, 2009. tion to this memorandum under section 2(d)
Sec. 8. Prior Order Superseded. Executive of the Act, and of establishing terms and con-
Order 13454 of January 4, 2008, is super- ditions under section 2(c)(1) of the Act, are
seded. assigned to you, and you may further assign
such functions to your subordinates, con-
George W. Bush
sistent with applicable law.
The White House, You are authorized and directed to publish
December 18, 2008. this memorandum in the Federal Register.
[Filed with the Office of the Federal Register, George W. Bush
8:45 a.m., December 22, 2008]
NOTE: This Executive order and its annexes will Remarks on the American Auto
be published in the Federal Register on Decem-
December 19, 2008
Memorandum on Unexpected Good morning. For years, America’s auto-
Urgent Humanitarian Needs Related makers have faced serious challenges: bur-
to the Democratic Republic of densome costs, a shrinking share of the mar-
Congo, Rwanda, and Uganda ket, and declining profits. In recent months,
December 18, 2008 the global financial crisis has made these
challenges even more severe. Now some U.S.
Presidential Determination No. 2009–9 auto executives say that their companies are
nearing collapse, and that the only way they
Memorandum for the Secretary of State can buy time to restructure is with help from
Subject: Unexpected Urgent Humanitarian the Federal Government.
Needs Related to the Democratic Republic This is a difficult situation that involves
of Congo, Rwanda, and Uganda fundamental questions about the proper role
By the authority vested in me by the Con- of Government. On the one hand, Govern-
stitution and the laws of the United States, ment has a responsibility not to undermine
including sections 2 and 4(a)(1) of the Migra- the private enterprise system. On the other
tion and Refugee Assistance Act of 1962 (the hand, Government has a responsibility to
‘‘Act’’), as amended, (22 U.S.C. 2601 and safeguard the broader health and stability of
2603) and section 301 of title 3, United States our economy.
Code: Addressing the challenges in the auto in-
(1) I hereby determine, pursuant to sec- dustry requires us to balance these two re-
tion 2(c)(1) of the Act, that it is important sponsibilities. If we were to allow the free
to the national interest to furnish assistance market to take its course now, it would al-
under the Act in an amount not to exceed most certainly lead to disorderly bankruptcy
$6 million from the United States Emer- and liquidation for the automakers. Under
gency Refugee and Migration Assistance ordinary economic circumstances, I would