Sue Campbell, a professor at Dalhousie University's department of philosophy, cautioned against applying the "Western conception of memory," which dictates that the past must be forgotten in order to move forward. "For the First Nations, the past can't be forgotten because the past is in the present, and the effects linger," she said. "Unless we make a connection between past and present, we can't understand the full harm of residential schools and assimilation."Not only are the abuses "unaddressed," but they also deny Canadians the opportunity to hear about those abuses "in a credible, exhaustive investigation," he said. "Without an opportunity for the victim to speak directly to the country ... weaving their narrative, the abuses will still be seen as probable exaggerations.""The TRC is so important because once all the money is gone, this will be the lasting legacy," said Mr. [Phil Fontaine], adding that the apology made by Prime Minister Stephen Harper last June 11, "should be seen as a staging point for reconciliation," while the TRC "is about writing the missing chapter in our shared history."