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Cognition, Brain, Behavior. An Interdisciplinary Journal Copyright © 2008 Romanian Association for Cognitive Science. All rights reserved. ISSN: 1224-8398 Volume XII, No. 4 (December), 337-343 RECONCEPTUALIZATION OF THE DIVISION BETWEEN QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE RESEARCH METHODS Adriana BĂBAN* Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania Qualitative and quantitative research has been conceptualized for decades as two fundamentally different paradigms through which one could study the social and the individual world. Qualitative research methods are explicitly associated with constructivism, while quantitative methods continue to be linked to positivism (Bergman, 2008). Much of the debate in social and behavioral sciences has focused on the distinction between qualitative and quantitative research, many authors paying attention mainly to differences in research epistemology and strategies used for data collection, analysis and interpretation of results. These authors sustained the view that qualitative and quantitative data cannot be combined because they arise from different paradigms. Each “group” often faced the challenge of having to defend their own research approach and emphasize its strengths, ignoring that a good work is not a direct outcome of being faithfully committed to one or another way of doing research. This situation led to what was called “paradigms war” and “incompatibility thesis” (Lincoln & Guba, 2000). In this context, many of the assumptions of each way of doing research were misguided and the walls that have been built between them acted as barriers for the progress of social and behavioral sciences. As a reaction to this artificial tension induced by traditional departments, programs, journals and researchers, the applied disciplines began to work in conjunction to break down the barriers and to build a better understanding of social, psychological, and health issues. Academic research started to show an * Corresponding author: E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org 338 A. Băban increased openness to work collaboratively, multi and interdisciplinary, with different strategies and methods for addressing different research questions. Over the last years, a growing
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