RECONCEPTUALIZATION OF THE DIVISION BETWEEN QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE RESEARCH METHODS by ProQuest

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									Cognition, Brain, Behavior. An Interdisciplinary Journal
Copyright © 2008 Romanian Association for Cognitive Science. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 1224-8398
Volume XII, No. 4 (December), 337-343




       RECONCEPTUALIZATION OF THE DIVISION
                     BETWEEN
      QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE RESEARCH
                    METHODS
                                          Adriana BĂBAN*
                               Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania




Qualitative and quantitative research has been conceptualized for decades as two
fundamentally different paradigms through which one could study the social and
the individual world. Qualitative research methods are explicitly associated with
constructivism, while quantitative methods continue to be linked to positivism
(Bergman, 2008). Much of the debate in social and behavioral sciences has focused
on the distinction between qualitative and quantitative research, many authors
paying attention mainly to differences in research epistemology and strategies used
for data collection, analysis and interpretation of results. These authors sustained
the view that qualitative and quantitative data cannot be combined because they
arise from different paradigms. Each “group” often faced the challenge of having
to defend their own research approach and emphasize its strengths, ignoring that a
good work is not a direct outcome of being faithfully committed to one or another
way of doing research. This situation led to what was called “paradigms war” and
“incompatibility thesis” (Lincoln & Guba, 2000). In this context, many of the
assumptions of each way of doing research were misguided and the walls that have
been built between them acted as barriers for the progress of social and behavioral
sciences.
         As a reaction to this artificial tension induced by traditional departments,
programs, journals and researchers, the applied disciplines began to work in
conjunction to break down the barriers and to build a better understanding of
social, psychological, and health issues. Academic research started to show an

*
 Corresponding author:
E-mail: adrianababan@psychology.ro
338                                   A. Băban

increased openness to work collaboratively, multi and interdisciplinary, with
different strategies and methods for addressing different research questions. Over
the last years, a growing
								
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