; Parcours administratifs dans un tat en faillite: Rcits populaires de Lubumbashi (RDC)
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Parcours administratifs dans un tat en faillite: Rcits populaires de Lubumbashi (RDC)


The frames in which this negotiation takes place-the organization of civil services, the social embeddedness of bureaucratic relations, the different discourses legitimizing corruption, and so on-are neglected in favor of the stereotypical image of the grasping and unscrupulous state agent extorting from the population.

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									198 African Studies Review

ond, despite the book’s comprehensive nature, economics receives only
cursory attention. While the book shows how “looting and carving” have
been part of Congo history, it downplays the role of economics in shaping
opportunities and social inequalities—experienced by both local actors and
immigrant actors from neighboring countries. Third, although the book
highlights the high level of human rights abuses associated with civil wars
in eastern DRC, it focuses on the effects of violence without analyzing the
character of violence in any systematic way. Several questions thus remain
unanswered. What role did violence play in the Congo wars? Why did actors
resort to violence in the way they did? Was local violence a reflection of
national or regional dynamics?
    None of these comments should detract from the significant contri-
bution that the book makes for both scholarly and policy-oriented litera-
ture. Turner offers a thoughtful and insightful analysis of Congo’s recent
wars, making the book an excellent resource for politicians and scholars
interested in conflict and conflict resolution in the Great Lakes region. His
many years of work, research, and travel throughout the Great Lakes region
have made possible this detailed examination of Congo’s history and excep-
tionality. In the final analysis, the book is a significant, integrative work that
addresses a crucially important country in need of practical policy reform,
and so the book is worthy of attention.
                                                                 Emizet F. Kisangani
                                                              Kansas State University
                                                                 Manhattan, Kansas

Théodore Trefon, with the collaboration of Balthazar Ngoy. Parcours adminis-
tratifs dans un État en faillite: Récits populaires de Lubumbashi (RDC). Paris:
L’Harmattan, 2007; Tervuren, Belgium: Musée royal de l’Afrique centrale. Cahiers Afri-
cains—Afrika Studies series no. 74. 154 pp. Bibliography. Appendix. €15.00. Paper.

Trefon and Ngoy’s ambition i
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