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The frames in which this negotiation takes place-the organization of civil services, the social embeddedness of bureaucratic relations, the different discourses legitimizing corruption, and so on-are neglected in favor of the stereotypical image of the grasping and unscrupulous state agent extorting from the population.
198 African Studies Review ond, despite the book’s comprehensive nature, economics receives only cursory attention. While the book shows how “looting and carving” have been part of Congo history, it downplays the role of economics in shaping opportunities and social inequalities—experienced by both local actors and immigrant actors from neighboring countries. Third, although the book highlights the high level of human rights abuses associated with civil wars in eastern DRC, it focuses on the effects of violence without analyzing the character of violence in any systematic way. Several questions thus remain unanswered. What role did violence play in the Congo wars? Why did actors resort to violence in the way they did? Was local violence a reflection of national or regional dynamics? None of these comments should detract from the significant contri- bution that the book makes for both scholarly and policy-oriented litera- ture. Turner offers a thoughtful and insightful analysis of Congo’s recent wars, making the book an excellent resource for politicians and scholars interested in conflict and conflict resolution in the Great Lakes region. His many years of work, research, and travel throughout the Great Lakes region have made possible this detailed examination of Congo’s history and excep- tionality. In the final analysis, the book is a significant, integrative work that addresses a crucially important country in need of practical policy reform, and so the book is worthy of attention. Emizet F. Kisangani Kansas State University Manhattan, Kansas Théodore Trefon, with the collaboration of Balthazar Ngoy. Parcours adminis- tratifs dans un État en faillite: Récits populaires de Lubumbashi (RDC). Paris: L’Harmattan, 2007; Tervuren, Belgium: Musée royal de l’Afrique centrale. Cahiers Afri- cains—Afrika Studies series no. 74. 154 pp. Bibliography. Appendix. €15.00. Paper. Trefon and Ngoy’s ambition i
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