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Also consider tie-down angles. The best angle is 45, because it gives the chain the opportunity to perform to its maximum designed working load. "Chain that is flat doesn't offer as much strength," says [Jim Ladner]. "It may prevent the load from moving sideways. But when you're at 45, you're also pulling the load down to the trailer and getting a clamping action, rather than just preventing it from sliding."

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									Equipment             I    Trailers

Prior to securing equipment,
determine the appropriate size and
number of chains required based
on the load weight.

It’s up to you to know how to properly tie down your equipment.
                                                                                                                                                  By Kim Berndtson

                  s an owner, manager       lives and safety of the people in the    or procedure, which can make it dif-     weight can be obtained by running
                  or driver, you are        immediate area, says John DeGeorge,      ficult to maintain vehicle control or,   it over a certified scale or referencing
                    responsible for the     national sales manager, Eager Beaver     in the worst-case scenario, [cause it    the owner’s manual.
load on your trailer. It’s as simple        Trailers. So slow down and take the      to] flip. If you have to make a sudden       This information is needed to
as that.                                    time to load equipment safely.           weight shift, this could change the      ensure you fall under the legal load
    “It’s your responsibility to tie down      The consequences of not properly      entire handling characteristics of the   limit, which is 80,000 lbs. in most
your load properly, securely and legal-     securing equipment — especially          vehicle combination.”                    states. Heavier loads, as well as those
ly,” says Jim Ladner, national sales        heavy construction equipment on a                                                 that are physically oversized (over-
manager, Landoll Trailers. “When you        lowboy, flatbed or large tag trailer —   Know the limits                          dimensional loads), will require spe-
transport equipment, you accept the         prior to transport can run the gamut        Securement specifics will be dif-     cialized trailers and permits.
responsibility for any accident that        from a small workman’s comp claim        ferent for each piece of equipment           It is also needed to ensure you don’t
may occur on your site, at a custom-        to an all-out securement failure that    you haul. But in general, there are      overload the trailer or any of its indi-
er’s site or on a public highway.”          results in serious injury or death.      certain factors to consider to safely    vidual axles, which can cause a number
    Yet, there can be many factors that        “All trailers are designed with a     and legally tie down equipment.          of problems. Some relate to equipment
distract you from properly securing         certain amount of bend or flex,” says       For starters, you need to know        life; others relate to the safety and
a load. Maybe it’s raining, it’s cold or    Terry Campbell, general manager/         the load rating of the trailer and the   legality of transporting equipment.
you’re only moving that excavator a         director of operations, Transcraft       weight of the equipment you’re mov-          Overloading the trailer can cause
few miles down the road. But while          Corp. “But if you don’t have the load    ing. The load rating can be found on     tire damage, as well as premature
you may be anxious to get done in           secured properly and firmly, it can      the trailer identification plate or in   axle and bearing failure, indicates
a hurry, you are responsible for the        shift during an emergency maneuver       the operator’s manual. Equipment         DeGeorge. Plus, it can seriously

12 EQUIPMENT TODAY • November 2008
   Equipment             I     Trailers

   affect acceleration, braking and                                                                        can weigh loaded and what the truck                                                                                                                Avoid damage
   handling. Overloading the axles can                                                                     can weigh,” says Ladner. “If you’re over-                                                                                                          during tie down
   result in heavy fines for carrying too                                                                  loaded on the trailer, but not on the                                                                                                                 To minimize damage to the
   much weight. State and local regula-                                                                    truck, you will need to move the load                                                                                                              equipment you’re loading, pay
   tions can be more restrictive than                                                                      forward and equalize the load between                                                                                                              attention to securement points
   those at the federal level, so make                                                                     them, then secure the load.”                                                                                                                       located on the machine.
   sure you know the rules and regula-                                                                        Also consider weight distribu-                                                                                                                     “It’s more than simply running
   tions for all the areas into which                                                                      tion over the axles. “It is important                                                                                                              a chain through a D-link on the
   you’re traveling.                                                                                       to keep loads placed so weight is                                                                                                                  trailer and hooking it to a back-
       The Federal Motor Carrier                                                                           distributed evenly between the semi-                                                                                                               hoe,” says Ladner. “On trailers, it
   Regulations’ Aggregate Working                                                                          tractor drive axles and the trailer                                                                                                                might be easy to identify where to
   Load Limit also uses equipment                                                                          axles,” says Brent Hohman, Western                                                                                                                 tie equipment. On equipme
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