Ocean Fish Farms and Public-Resource Privatization

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					Ocean Fish Farms and Public-Resource Privatization
Marianne Cufone
The American Prospect; Dec 2008; 19, 12; Docstoc
pg. A16




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Description: In recent years, various U.S. government entities, including the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), both tasked with conservation and management of natural ocean resources, have openly stated that they intend to support the creation of a program to allow ocean fish farms off coasts all around the country, through national legislation or administrative agency regulations. The fragmented U.S. approach to oceans management, with assorted agencies having primary jurisdiction over various pieces of our oceans-for example, the Environmental Protection Agency on pollution and the Minerals Management Service over outer continentalshelf benthic resources (such as oil and gas and extraction facilities like rigs and pipelines)-would require multiple permits from many agencies before an ocean farm could exist. Proponents of oceanfish farms-mostly aquaculture entrepreneurs and federal agencies-insist that such an industry in the U.S. will benefit the public by providing new jobs, reducing fishing of depleted wild fish populations, and lessening U.S. dependence on imported seafood products.
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