Biodiesel feedstocks in India and Zambia by ProQuest


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									          inform November 2008, Vol. 19 (11)             739

       dependent on foreign oil and create strong
       rural economies.”
            To enhance the impact of federal bio-
       fuels investments and enable attainment of
       the Renewable Fuel Standard, the NBAP
       announced interagency actions and accel-
       erated federally supported research in these
       areas: (i) sustainability; (ii) feedstock pro-
       duction; (iii) feedstock logistics; (iv) con-
       version science and technology; (v) dis-
       tribution infrastructure; (vi) blending; and
       (vii) environment, health, and safety.

       Biodiesel feedstocks
       in India and Zambia                                   Pongamia pinnata from Karnataka, India. Photo courtesy L. Shyamal.
       D1-BP Fuel Crops, a joint venture between
       D1 Oils, a London-based biofuels firm, and
       energy-producer BP, has promised to pay
       farmers 6.5 rupees ($0.14) a kilogram for
                                                             India establishing Pongamia pinnata orchards
       jatropha seeds grown in India. According              According to the National Council of Applied Economic Research, in Delhi, In-
       to The Economist magazine, the oil yielded            dia, the country will need to plant 14 million ha of land to biofuel-yielding crops
       by crushing these seeds can be burned as-is           to meet the government’s 2017 goal of producing 20% of the nation’s diesel sup-
       to run a generator or a pump, or refined into         ply from plants.
       biodiesel for use as a motor fuel.                         Production of oil from jatropha seeds is farthest along in the development
            In early October D1 announced it                 of plant-based biodiesel. In addition, Roshini International Bio Energy, based in
       should be able to reach its target of having          Hyderabad, has initiated a cooperative project with the government of Andhra
       produced 1,000 metric tons of crude jatro-            Pradesh to plant orchards of Indian birch (Pongamia pinnata) in three of the
       pha oil by December 2008. At present, D1              state’s 23 districts. There are also plans to introduce the tree to neighboring
       is crushing jatropha seeds grown on plan-             states, as well as Indonesia, Sri Lanka, and Uganda. Roshini’s founder, Anil Reddy,
       tations in Zambia and India and selling the           was quoted by The Economist as saying the company’s goal is “to plant 1 billion
       oil locally for tractor fuel.                         trees on this planet,” covering an area of over 21,000 square kilometers.
            Farmers growing jatropha for D1 have                  Pongamia seed pods contain as much as 30% oil. The plant grows on dry
       already planted 260,000 hectares (ha), and
                                                             soil, using less than 1% of the water required by traditional crops, according to
       the company plans to contract for another
                                                             Roshini’s technical director, S.K. Kothari. However, the plant does not reach full
       300,000 ha by the end of 2008. Jatropha re-
                                                             maturity unt
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