America since 1995, and has 16
738 inform November 2008, Vol. 19 (11)
projects under construction.
PetroSun, Inc., of Scottsdale, Ari- n Alternative fuel credit. This was ported (Science 322:417–421, 2008) con-
zona, USA, has agreed with Shang- extended three months, to December 31, version of sugar into fuel by adding a solid
hai Jun Ya Yan Technology Develop- 2009. It applies to, for example, a manure- catalyst to an aqueous sugar solution, lead-
ment Company, Ltd. to develop a to-energy process resulting in compressed ing to the formation of an organic oil-like
commercial-scale algae farm sys- or liquefied gas. solution floating on top of the water. The
tem pilot facility in the People’s n Plug-in hybrids. These are en- oil layer contains acids, alcohols, ketones,
Republic of China. Shanghai Jun couraged by a $2,500 tax credit per vehi- and cyclics—or “functional intermediates.”
Ya Yan will provide $40 million to cle, plus $417 per kilowatt hour the battery These molecules are fuel precursors.
build and equip the algal farm. In- can store. The credit is capped as a function Unlike petroleum, plant sugars con-
tended products include biodiesel of the weight of the vehicle. tain equal numbers of carbon and oxygen
n Carbon sequestration credit. CO2 atoms, making it difficult to create high-
sequestration in a secure geological storage octane or -cetane fuels. By removing al-
Profits will be split 50:50 be-
site generates a $20/metric ton credit. CO 2 most all of the oxygen atoms, the remain-
tween the two companies, and Pet-
used to enhance oil or gas recovery earns a ing reactive oxygen-containing molecules
roSun China will manage opera- can be “upgraded” into different forms of
$10/metric ton credit.
tions for PetroSun Inc. According to the October 10 issue of fuel. Dumesic’s team has demonstrated
PetroSun, Inc. is a diversified Biofuels Digest, an online daily biofuels three such upgrading processes.
energy company with technology newsletter (see: www.biofuelsdigest.com/ In a UW press release, Dumesic said,
and operations in the commercial- blog2/2008/10/10/the-bailout-bill-biofu- “This is the same fuel we’re currently us-
ization of algae to biofuels. els-and-you-good-news-for-renewables- ing, just from a different source. It’s not
nnn hidden-in-the-pork), the bill removes pre- something that burns like it—it is it.”
In a mid-September speech pre- vious bias toward cellulosic ethanol versus
sented in Seattle to representa- green gasoline or green diesel. However,
tives of Air New Zealand (ANZ), regarding feedstocks, cellulosic biomass renewable energy
Billy Glover, the director for envi-
ronmental performance for Boeing,
was favored over other forms of waste and
residues. Companies planning to produce exceeds 10% of uS
said his company anticipates that
commercially viable biofuel will be
algae as feedstock for biofuels will not get
credits for CO2 sequestration, whereas util- energy production
available for aircraft by 2013.