VIEWS: 45 PAGES: 7 CATEGORY: Medicine POSTED ON: 6/3/2010
Many construction companies still only address safety at the point of contact -- in the field once a project has mobilized. However, safety does not begin in the field. It takes planning and forethought to be effectively implemented in the field. To produce positive safety performance at the project level, planning and goal selling must take place on both the corporate and project levels. This article examines goal setting and planning on the corporate level, discusses key safety input and considerations during the procurement and bidding stages of a project, outlines specific issues that must be addressed before project mobilization, and reviews project safety planning and daily planning activities. Planning is critical to construction safety. Goal setting at the corporate level involves understanding the company's strategic plan and developing safety goals which correspond with that plan. Safety review and involvement during bidding and procurement helps to ensure that safety activities are incorporated into project plans and budgets.
Safety Management Safety Management Preconstruction Safety Plan for safety excellence By Carmen Shafer I IN THE AUTHOR’S EXPERIENCE, many construc- tion companies still only address safety at the point of contact—in the field once a project has mobilized. However, safety does not begin in the field. It takes planning and forethought to be effectively imple- safety. What are the company’s short- and long-term goals? Is it a small company looking to grow? Does the company plan to seek work in another facet of construction? Will the company increase self-per- formed work or delve into construction management? mented in the field. Therefore, the SH&E professional These goals should be identified by the company’s needs to be involved during a project’s procurement executives and disseminated through the company’s and preconstruction phases. Safety personnel can also strategic plan. have a positive effect on the procurement process and How does this information affect safety planning the entire company if planning begins at the corporate and behavior on the job? Understanding the compa- level, before procurement activities are even initiated. ny’s overall future plans greatly affects the SH&E To produce positive safety performance at the project professional’s work activities and foci within the level, planning and goal setting must take place on company. For example, suppose a company deter- both the corporate and project levels. mines it can make more profit by increasing the This article examines goal setting and planning on amount of self-performed work. This could create a the corporate level, discusses key safety input and need for more safety training, additional funds for considerations during the procurement and bidding PPE and perhaps more safety staff. If a company stages of a project, outlines specific issues that must be plans to acquire work in a different region, state or addressed before project mobilization, and reviews country, then it must research potential safety and project safety planning and daily planning activities. risk management impacts, such as varying safety regulations and insurance requirements. Setting Goals Planning helps to establish an effective corporate Planning and goal setting are interrelated. Goals safety program; it is addressed in both federal and help encourage growth and identify where the com- international safety and health standards. ANSI/ pany should focus its energies. On the corporate AIHA Z10-2005 discusses planning as a primary level, goal setting involves understanding the com- means to improve safety performance (ANSI/AIHA, pany’s strategic plan and developing safety goals 2005). Key planning issues addressed in the Z10 stan- that correspond with that plan. Goal setting should dard include identifying and prioritizing safety and also be incorporated into a project in order to health issues, and identifying risk reduction objectives achieve attainable project-specific safety objectives. (e.g., goals). The Guidelines on Occupational Safety and Carmen Shafer, CSP, CHST, is owner/president Corporate-Level Health Management Systems (ILO, 2001) also identify of Shafer Safety Solutions LLC, a construction Goal Setting planning as a key aspect in developing an occupation- safety consulting firm. Shafer has worked In its Voluntary Protection al safety and health management system. in the construction field for 10 years. She holds Programs (VPP) requirements, This planning is based on initial and subsequent a B.S. in Building Construction Management OSHA considers goal setting reviews of the existing safety management system. It from Purdue University and an M.S. for safety at the corporate level includes identifying the organization’s safety and in Occupational Safety Management from to be a key indicator of upper health objectives, preparing plans and assigning Indiana State University. Shafer is a member management’s support of a responsibility for achieving
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